List of Prime Ministers of Albania

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Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

This article lists the Prime Ministers of Albania, since the Albanian Declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912.

Prime Ministers of Albania (1912–present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Independent Albania (1912–1914)[edit]

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Prime Ministers
1 Ismail Qemali Bej Ismail Qemalii.jpeg 1844–1919 29 November 1912 22 January 1914 Independent
2 Fejzi Bej Alizoti No image.svg 1876–1945 22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Independent

Principality of Albania (1914–1925)[edit]

Prime Ministers
3 Turhan Pasha Përmeti Turhan Pasha.jpg 1846–1927 7 March 1914 3 September 1914 Independent
4 Essad Pasha Toptani Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg 1863–1920 5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Independent
Vacant (24 February 1916 – 25 December 1918)
(3) Turhan Pasha Përmeti Turhan Pasha.jpg 1846–1927 25 December 1918 29 January 1920 Independent
5 Sulejman Bej Delvina SulejmanDelvina.jpg 1884–1932 30 January 1920 14 November 1920 Independent
6 Iliaz Bej Vrioni Iliaz Vrioni 1932.jpg 1882–1932 19 November 1920 16 October 1921 Independent
7 Pandeli Evangjeli Pandeli Evangjeli.jpg 1859–1949 16 October 1921 6 December 1921 Independent
Qazim Koculi
Acting Prime Minister
Qazim Koculi.jpg 1887–1943 6 December 1921 7 December 1921 Independent
8 Hasan Bej Prishtina Hasan Pristina.jpg 1873–1933 7 December 1921 12 December 1921 Independent
Idhomene Kosturi
Acting Prime Minister
No image.svg 1873–1943 12 December 1921 24 December 1921 Independent
9 Omer Pasha Vrioni No image.svg 1839–1928 30 December 1921 January 1922 Independent
10 Xhafer Bej Ypi No image.svg 1880–1940 January 1922 26 December 1922 Albanian People's Party
11 Ahmet Zogu Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 26 December 1922 25 February 1924 Albanian Conservative Party
12 Shefqet Bej Vërlaci Shefqet Verlaci.jpg 1877–1946 30 March 1924 27 May 1924 Albanian Progressive Party
(6) Iliaz Bej Vrioni Iliaz Vrioni 1932.jpg 1882–1932 27 May 1924 10 June 1924 Independent
13 Fan S. Noli Fan Stilian Noli.jpg 1882–1965 16 June 1924 23 December 1924 Albanian Liberal Party
(6) Iliaz Bej Vrioni Iliaz Vrioni 1932.jpg 1882–1932 24 December 1924 5 January 1925 Independent
(11) Ahmet Zogu Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 6 January 1925 31 January 1925 Albanian Conservative Party

Albanian Republic (1925–1928)[edit]

Prime Minister
(11) Ahmet Zogu Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 31 January 1925 1 September 1928 Albanian Conservative Party

Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939)[edit]

Prime Ministers
14 Kostaq Kota No image.svg 1889–1949 5 September 1928 5 March 1930 Independent
(7) Pandeli Evangjeli Pandeli Evangjeli.jpg 1859–1949 6 March 1930 16 October 1935 Independent
15 Mehdi Bej Frashëri MehdiFrasheri.jpg 1872–1963 22 October 1935 9 November 1936 Independent
(14) Kostaq Kota No image.svg 1889–1949 9 November 1936 8 April 1939 Independent

Italian Occupation (1939–1943)[edit]

Prime Ministers
(12) Shefqet Bej Vërlaci Shefqet Verlaci.jpg 1877–1946 12 April 1939 4 December 1941 Albanian Fascist Party
16 Mustafa Merlika-Kruja No image.svg 1887–1958 4 December 1941 19 January 1943 Albanian Fascist Party
17 Eqrem Bej Libohova No image.svg 1882–1948 19 January 1943 13 February 1943 Albanian Fascist Party
18 Maliq Bushati Maliq Bushati.png 1880–1946 13 February 1943 12 May 1943 Albanian Fascist Party
(17) Eqrem Bej Libohova No image.svg 1882–1948 12 May 1943 9 September 1943 Albanian Fascist Party

German Occupation (1943–1944)[edit]

Prime Ministers
19 Ibrahim Bej Biçakçiu Ibrahim Bicakciu.jpg 1905–1977 25 September 1943 24 October 1943 Balli Kombëtar
(15) Mehdi Bej Frashëri MehdiFrasheri.jpg 1872–1963 24 October 1943 3 November 1943 Balli Kombëtar
20 Rexhep Bej Mitrovica Rexhepmitrovica.jpg 1888–1967 4 November 1943 18 July 1944 Balli Kombëtar
21 Fiqri Dine C Fikre Dine.jpg  ?–1960 18 July 1944 29 August 1944[1] Balli Kombëtar
(19) Ibrahim Bej Biçakçiu Ibrahim Bicakciu.jpg 1905–1977 29 August 1944 28 November 1944 Balli Kombëtar

Communist Albania (1944–1991)[edit]

Official names: Democratic Government of Albania (1944–1946), People's Republic of Albania (1946–1976), People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1976–1991)
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
22 Enver Hoxha HODŽA druhá míza.jpg 1908–1985 22 October 1944 19 July 1954 Communist Party of Albania
(until 1948)
Party of Labour of Albania
23 Mehmet Shehu Mehmet Shehu -28partizan-29.jpg 1913–1981 20 July 1954 17 December 1981 Party of Labour of Albania
24 Adil Çarçani No image.svg 1922–1997 18 December 1981 22 February 1991 Party of Labour of Albania

Republic of Albania (1991–present)[edit]

Prime Ministers
25 Fatos Nano Fatos Nano 2003.jpg 1952– 22 February 1991 5 June 1991 Socialist Party of Albania
26 Ylli Bufi No image.svg 1948– 5 June 1991 10 December 1991 Socialist Party of Albania
27 Vilson Ahmeti No image.svg 1951– 10 December 1991 13 April 1992 Independent
28 Aleksandër Meksi No image.svg 1939– 13 April 1992 11 March 1997 Democratic Party of Albania
29 Bashkim Fino No image.svg 1962– 11 March 1997 24 July 1997 Socialist Party of Albania
(25) Fatos Nano Fatos Nano 2003.jpg 1952– 24 July 1997 2 October 1998 Socialist Party of Albania
30 Pandeli Majko Defense.gov News Photo 050202-D-2987S-008.jpg 1967– 2 October 1998 29 October 1999 Socialist Party of Albania
31 Ilir Meta Ilir meta.jpg 1969– 29 October 1999 22 February 2002 Socialist Party of Albania
(30) Pandeli Majko Defense.gov News Photo 050202-D-2987S-008.jpg 1967– 22 February 2002 31 July 2002 Socialist Party of Albania
(25) Fatos Nano Fatos Nano 2003.jpg 1952– 31 July 2002 11 September 2005 Socialist Party of Albania
32 Sali Berisha Sali Berisha, October 2008.jpg 1944– 11 September 2005 15 September 2013 Democratic Party of Albania
33 Edi Rama Edi Rama 2014.jpg 1964– 15 September 2013 Incumbent Socialist Party of Albania

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pearson, Owen (2005). Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism, 1940-1945. London: The Centre for Albanian Studies. p. 1982. ISBN 1-84511-014-5.