List of Prime Ministers of Australia

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Below is a list of Prime Ministers of the Commonwealth of Australia.[1]

The parties shown are those to which the prime ministers belonged at the time they held office and the electoral divisions shown are those they represented while in office. Several prime ministers belonged to parties other than those given and represented other electorates before and after their time as Prime Ministers.

List[edit]

Colour key
(for political parties)
No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Party Term of office Electorate Served Elections Won Ministry Ref
1 Sir Edmund Barton
(1849–1920)
Edmund Barton.jpg Protectionist 1 January
1901
24 September
1903
Hunter, NSW,
1901–1903 (resigned)
1901 Barton [2]
2 Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Protectionist 24 September
1903
27 April
1904
Ballaarat, Vic,[Note 1]
1901–1913 (retired)
1903 1st Deakin [3]
3 Chris Watson
(1867–1941)
ChrisWatsonSepia.jpg Labour 27 April
1904
18 August
1904
Bland, NSW,
19011906
South Sydney, NSW,
1906–1910 (retired)
Watson [4]
4 George Reid
(1845–1918)
George Reid cph.3c31684.jpg Free Trade 18 August
1904
5 July
1905
East Sydney, NSW,
1901–1909 (resigned)
Reid [5]
(2) Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Protectionist 5 July
1905
13 November
1908
Ballaarat, Vic,[Note 1]
1901–1913 (retired)
2nd Deakin
1906 3rd Deakin
5 Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
Andrewfisher2.JPG Labour 13 November
1908
2 June
1909
Wide Bay, Qld,
1901–1915 (resigned)
1st Fisher [6]
(2) Alfred Deakin
(1856–1919)
AlfredDeakin.jpeg Commonwealth Liberal 2 June
1909
29 April
1910
Ballaarat, Vic,[Note 1]
1901–1913 (retired)
4th Deakin
(5) Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
Andrewfisher2.JPG Labor 29 April
1910
24 June
1913
Wide Bay, Qld,
1901–1915 (resigned)
1910 2nd Fisher
6 Joseph Cook
(1860–1947)
JosephCookPEO.jpg Commonwealth Liberal 24 June
1913
17 September
1914
Parramatta, NSW,
1901–1921 (resigned)
1913 Cook [7]
(5) Andrew Fisher
(1862–1928)
Andrewfisher2.JPG Labor 17 September
1914
27 October
1915
Wide Bay, Qld,
1901–1915 (resigned)
1914 3rd Fisher
Billy Hughes
(1862–1952)
Hughes15-16.jpg Labor 27 October
1915
14 November
1916
West Sydney, NSW,
19011917
Bendigo, Vic,
19171922
North Sydney, NSW,
19221949
Bradfield, NSW,
1949–1952 (died)
1st Hughes [8]
7 National Labor 14 November
1916
17 February
1917
2nd Hughes
Nationalist 17 February
1917
9 February
1923
3rd Hughes
1917 4th Hughes
1919 5th Hughes
8 Stanley Bruce
(1883–1967)
StanleyBruce2.jpg Nationalist
(Coalition)
9 February
1923
22 October
1929
Flinders, Vic,
1918–1929 (defeated) ;
1931–1933 (resigned)
1922 1st Bruce [9]
1925 2nd Bruce
1928 3rd Bruce
9 James Scullin
(1876–1953)
Portrait of the Right Hon. J. H. Scullin.png Labor 22 October
1929
6 January
1932
Corangamite, Vic,
19101913 (defeated)
Yarra, Vic,
19221949 (retired)
1929 Scullin [10]
10 Joseph Lyons
(1879–1939)
Joseph Lyons 1.jpg United Australia
(Coalition)
6 January
1932
7 April
1939
Wilmot, Tas,
1929–1939 (died)
1931 1st Lyons [11]
1934 2nd Lyons
3rd Lyons
1937 4th Lyons
11 Sir Earle Page
(1880–1961)
EarlePage.jpg Country
(Coalition)
7 April
1939
26 April
1939
Cowper, NSW
19191961 (defeated)
Page [12]
12 Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
Portrait Menzies 1941.jpg United Australia
(Coalition)
26 April
1939
28 August
1941
Kooyong, Vic,
1934–1966 (resigned)
1st Menzies [13]
2nd Menzies
1940 3rd Menzies
13 Arthur Fadden
(1894–1973)
FaddenPEO.jpg Country
(Coalition)
28 August
1941
7 October
1941
Darling Downs, Qld
1936–1949
McPherson, Qld
1949–1958 (retired)
Fadden [14]
14 John Curtin
(1885–1945)
JohnCurtin.jpg Labor 7 October
1941
5 July
1945
Fremantle, WA,
19281931 (defeated) ;
1934–1945 (died)
1st Curtin
1943 2nd Curtin
15 Frank Forde
(1890–1983)
Frankforde.jpg Labor 6 July
1945
13 July
1945
Capricornia, Qld,
19221946 (defeated)
Forde
16 Ben Chifley
(1885–1951)
Benchifley.jpg Labor 13 July
1945
19 December
1949
Macquarie, NSW,
19281931 (defeated) ;
1940–1951 (died)
1st Chifley
1946 2nd Chifley
(12) Sir Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
Portrait Menzies 1941.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
19 December
1949
26 January
1966
Kooyong, Vic,
1934–1966 (resigned)
1949 4th Menzies
1951 5th Menzies
1954 6th Menzies
1955 7th Menzies
1958 8th Menzies
1961 9th Menzies
1963 10th Menzies
17 Harold Holt
(1908–1967)
HaroldHoltPortrait1953.JPG Liberal
(Coalition)
26 January
1966
19 December
1967
Fawkner, Vic,
1935–1949
Higgins, Vic,
1949–1967 (disappeared)
1st Holt
1966 2nd Holt
18 John McEwen
(1900–1980)
Sir John McEwen.jpg Country
(Coalition)
19 December
1967
10 January
1968
Echuca, Vic,
19341937
Indi, Vic,
19371949
Murray, Vic,
1949–1971 (resigned)
McEwen
19 John Gorton
(1911–2002)
JohnGorton1954.JPG Liberal
(Coalition)
10 January
1968
10 March
1971
Senator 1950–1968 (resigned)[Note 2]

MP for Higgins, Vic,
19681975 (retired)[Note 3]

1st Gorton
1969 2nd Gorton
20 William McMahon
(1908–1988)
Nla.pic-an23458756-v.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
10 March
1971
5 December
1972
Lowe, NSW,
1949–1982 (resigned)
McMahon
21 Gough Whitlam
(1916–2014)
Whitlam1955.jpg Labor 5 December
1972
11 November
1975
Werriwa, NSW,
1952–1978 (resigned)
1972 1st Whitlam
2nd Whitlam
1974 3rd Whitlam
22 Malcolm Fraser
(1930–2015)
MalcolmFraser1982.JPEG Liberal
(Coalition)
11 November
1975
11 March
1983
Wannon, Vic,
1955–1983 (resigned)
1st Fraser
1975 2nd Fraser
1977 3rd Fraser
1980 4th Fraser
23 Bob Hawke
(1929–)
Bob Hawke Portrait 1983.jpg Labor 11 March
1983
20 December
1991
Wills, Vic,
1980–1992 (resigned)
1983 1st Hawke
1984 2nd Hawke
1987 3rd Hawke
1990 4th Hawke
24 Paul Keating
(1944–)
Paul Keating - 2007-crop.jpg Labor 20 December
1991
11 March
1996
Blaxland, NSW,
1969–1996 (resigned)
1st Keating
1993 2nd Keating
25 John Howard
(1939–)
Image-Howard2003upr.JPG Liberal
(Coalition)
11 March
1996
3 December
2007
Bennelong, NSW,
19742007 (defeated)
1996 1st Howard
1998 2nd Howard
2001 3rd Howard
2004 4th Howard
26 Kevin Rudd
(1957–)
Kevin Rudd portrait.jpg Labor 3 December
2007
24 June
2010
Griffith, Qld,
1998–2013 (resigned)
2007 1st Rudd
27 Julia Gillard
(1961– )
Julia Gillard 2010.jpg Labor 24 June
2010
27 June
2013
Lalor, Vic,
1998–2013 (retired)
1st Gillard
2010 2nd Gillard
(26) Kevin Rudd
(1957–)
Kevin Rudd portrait.jpg Labor 27 June
2013
18 September
2013
Griffith, Qld,
1998–2013 (resigned)
2nd Rudd
28 Tony Abbott
(1957–)
Tony Abbott - 2010.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
18 September
2013
15 September
2015
Warringah, NSW,
since 1994
2013 Abbott
29 Malcolm Turnbull
(1954–)
Malcolm Turnbull at the Pentagon 2016 cropped.jpg Liberal
(Coalition)
15 September
2015
Incumbent Wentworth, NSW,
since 2004
1st Turnbull
2016 2nd Turnbull

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

There are six living former Australian Prime Ministers:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Electoral Division of Ballaarat was spelled with a double a until 1977.
  2. ^ Gorton was elected to the Senate at the general election of 10 December 1949, but his term did not commence until 22 February 1950. He was appointed Prime Minister on 10 January 1968; resigned from the Senate on 1 February; and was elected to the House of Representatives at a by-election on 24 February.
  3. ^ Gorton retired from the House of Representatives at the double dissolution of 11 November 1975, and stood for an Australian Capital Territory Senate seat as an independent at the general election of 13 December 1975, but was unsuccessful.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prime Minister". Parliamentary Education Office. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Rutledge, Martha. "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849–1920)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  3. ^ Norris, R. (1981). "Deakin, Alfred (1856–1919)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  4. ^ Nairn, Bede (1990). "Watson, John Christian (1867–1941)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  5. ^ McMinn, W. G. "Reid, Sir George Houstoun (9–1918)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  6. ^ Murphy, D. J. "Fisher, Andrew (1862–1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  7. ^ Crowley, F. K. "Cook, Sir Joseph (1860–1947)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  8. ^ Fitzhardinge, L. F. "Hughes, William Morris (Billy) (1862–1952)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  9. ^ Radi, Heather (1979). "Bruce, Stanley Melbourne [Viscount Bruce] (1883–1967)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  10. ^ Robertson, J. R. (1988). "Scullin, James Henry (1876–1953)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  11. ^ Hart, P. R. (1986). "Lyons, Joseph Aloysius (1879–1939)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  12. ^ Bridge, Carl. "Page, Sir Earle Christmas Grafton (1880–1961)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  13. ^ Martin, A. W. "Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (Bob) (1894–1978)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  14. ^ Cribb, Margaret Bridson. "Fadden, Sir Arthur William (1894–1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 

External links[edit]