List of heads of government of Bulgaria

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Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bulgaria

This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Bulgarian state, from the establishment of the Principality of Bulgaria to the present day.

List of officeholders[edit]

Principality of Bulgaria (1878–1908)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1879–1908
1 Todor Burmov.jpg Todor Burmov
1834–1906
(Lived: 72 years)
17 July 1879 6 December 1879 142 days Conservative Party 1879
(Jan)
Burmov
2 Kliment tarnovski.jpg Bishop
Kliment Branitski
1841–1901
(Lived: 60 years)
6 December 1879 7 April 1880 123 days Conservative Party Kliment I
3 DraganTsankov.jpg Dragan Tsankov
1828–1911
(Lived: 82 years)
7 April 1880 10 December 1880 247 days Liberal Party 1879
(Sep–Oct)

1880
D. Tsankov I
4 Каравелов Петко.jpg Petko Karavelov
1843–1903
(Lived: 59 years)
10 December 1880 9 May 1881 150 days Liberal Party 1881
(Jan)
Karavelov I
5 Johann Casimir Ehrnrooth.jpg Johan Casimir Ehrnrooth
1833–1913
(Lived: 79 years)
9 May 1881 13 July 1881 65 days Imperial Russian Army 1881
(Jun)

[NA 1]
Ehrnrooth
Alexander I of Bulgaria by Dimitar Karastoyanov.jpg Vacant: authoritarian regime by Prince
Alexander I
1857–1893
(Lived: 36 years)
13 July 1881 5 July 1882 357 days
6 LSobolev.jpg Leonid Sobolev
1844–1913
(Lived: 69 years)
5 July 1882 19 September 1883 1 year, 76 days Imperial Russian Army 1882
[NA 2]
Sobolev
(3) DraganTsankov.jpg Dragan Tsankov
1828–1911
(Lived: 82 years)
2nd time
19 September 1883 11 July 1884 296 days Liberal Party 1884 D. Tsankov II–III
(4) Каравелов Петко.jpg Petko Karavelov
1843–1903
(Lived: 59 years)
2nd time
11 July 1884 21 August 1886 2 years, 41 days Liberal Party Karavelov II
(2) Kliment tarnovski.jpg Metropolitan
Kliment of Tarnovo
1841–1901
(Lived: 60 years)
2nd time
21 August 1886 24 August 1886 3 days Conservative Party Kliment II
(4) Каравелов Петко.jpg Petko Karavelov
1843–1903
(Lived: 59 years)
3rd time
24 August 1886 28 August 1886 4 days Liberal Party Karavelov III
7 VasilRadoslavov.jpg Vasil Radoslavov
1854–1929
(Lived: 75 years)
28 August 1886 10 July 1887 316 days Liberal Party 1886 Radoslavov I
8 KonstantinStoilov--bulgariapastpres00samuuoft.png Konstantin Stoilov
1853–1901
(Lived: 47 years)
10 July 1887 1 September 1887 53 days Conservative Party Stoilov I
9 Stefan Stambolov by Georgi Danchov Zografina.jpg Stefan Stambolov
1854–1895
(Lived: 41 years)
1 September 1887 31 May 1894 6 years, 272 days People's Liberal Party 1887
1890
1893
(Apr)

1893
(Jul)
Stambolov
(8) Konstantin Stoilov - Dimitar Karastoyanov Foto.jpg Konstantin Stoilov
1853–1901
(Lived: 47 years)
2nd time
31 May 1894 30 January 1899 4 years, 244 days People's Party 1894
1896
Stoilov II–III
10 Dimitar Grekov.jpg Dimitar Grekov
1847–1901
(Lived: 53 years)
30 January 1899 13 October 1899 256 days People's Liberal Party 1899 Grekov
11 TodorIvanchov.jpg Todor Ivanchov
1858–1905
(Lived: 46 years)
13 October 1899 25 January 1901 1 year, 104 days Liberal Party (Radoslavists) Ivanchov I–II
12 Racho Petrov.jpg Racho Petrov
1861–1942
(Lived: 80 years)
25 January 1901 5 March 1901 39 days Independent 1901 Petrov I
(4) Каравелов Петко.jpg Petko Karavelov
1843–1903
(Lived: 59 years)
4th time
5 March 1901 4 January 1902 305 days Democratic Party Karavelov IV
13 S.danev.jpg Stoyan Danev
1858–1949
(Lived: 91 years)
4 January 1902 19 May 1903 1 year, 135 days Progressive Liberal Party 1902 Danev I–III
(12) Racho Petrov.jpg Racho Petrov
1861–1942
(Lived: 80 years)
2nd time
19 May 1903 5 November 1906 3 years, 170 days Independent 1903 Petrov II
14 D. Petkov (W Le Queux).jpg Dimitar Petkov
1858–1907
(Lived: 48 years)
5 November 1906 11 March 1907 † 126 days People's Liberal Party Petkov
15 DimitarStanchov.jpg Dimitar Stanchov
1863–1940
(Lived: 76 years)
Acting
12 March 1907 16 March 1907 4 days Independent Stanchov
16 PetarGudev.jpg Petar Gudev
1863–1932
(Lived: 68 years)
16 March 1907 29 January 1908 319 days People's Liberal Party Gudev
17 Al.malinov.jpg Aleksandar Malinov
1867–1938
(Lived: 70 years)
29 January 1908 5 October 1908 250 days Democratic Party 1908 Malinov I

Kingdom of Bulgaria (1908–1946)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1908–1946
17 Al.malinov.jpg Aleksandar Malinov
1867–1938
(Lived: 70 years)
5 October 1908 29 March 1911 2 years, 175 days Democratic Party Malinov I–II
18 Ivan Geshov.jpg Ivan Evstratiev Geshov
1849–1924
(Lived: 75 years)
29 March 1911 14 June 1913 2 years, 77 days People's Party 1911
(Jun)

1911
(Sep)
Geshov
(13) S.danev.jpg Stoyan Danev
1858–1949
(Lived: 91 years)
2nd time
14 June 1913 17 July 1913 33 days Progressive Liberal Party Danev IV
(7) Vasil Radoslavov 1915.jpg Vasil Radoslavov
1854–1929
(Lived: 75 years)
2nd time
17 July 1913 21 June 1918 4 years, 339 days Liberal Party (Radoslavists) 1913
1914
Radoslavov II–III
(17) Al.malinov.jpg Aleksandar Malinov
1867–1938
(Lived: 70 years)
2nd time
21 June 1918 28 November 1918 160 days Democratic Party Malinov III–IV
19 Teodor Teodorov.jpg Teodor Teodorov
1869–1924
(Lived: 55 years)
28 November 1918 6 October 1919 312 days People's Party Teodorov I–II
20 A Stamboliyski.jpg Aleksandar Stamboliyski
1879–1923
(Lived: 44 years)
6 October 1919 9 June 1923
(Deposed)
3 years, 246 days Bulgarian Agrarian National Union 1919
1920
1923
(Apr)
Stamboliyski I–II
21 Altsankov.jpeg Aleksandar Tsankov
1879–1959
(Lived: 80 years)
9 June 1923 4 January 1926 2 years, 209 days Democratic Alliance 1923
(Nov)
A. Tsankov I–II
22 Andrey Lyapchev 1930.jpg Andrey Lyapchev
1866–1933
(Lived: 66 years)
4 January 1926 29 June 1931 5 years, 176 days Democratic Alliance 1927 Lyapchev I–III
(17) Al.malinov.jpg Aleksandar Malinov
1867–1938
(Lived: 70 years)
3rd time
29 June 1931 12 October 1931 105 days Democratic Party 1931 Malinov V
23 N.mushanov.jpg Nikola Mushanov
1872–1951
(Lived: 79 years)
12 October 1931 19 May 1934
(Deposed)
2 years, 219 days Democratic Party Mushanov I–III
24 K.georgiev.jpg Kimon Georgiev
1882–1969
(Lived: 87 years)
19 May 1934 22 January 1935 1 year, 187 days Independent Georgiev I
25 Pencho Zlatev.png Pencho Zlatev
1881–1948
(Lived: 66 years)
22 January 1935 21 April 1935 89 days Bulgarian Army Zlatev
26 Andrey Toshev.png Andrey Toshev
1867–1944
(Lived: 76 years)
21 April 1935 23 November 1935 216 days Independent Toshev
27 Georgi Kyoseivanov1.png Georgi Kyoseivanov
1884–1960
(Lived: 76 years)
23 November 1935 16 February 1940 4 years, 85 days Independent 1938
1939
Kyoseivanov I–IV
28 Богдан Филов.jpg Bogdan Filov
1883–1945
(Lived: 61 years)
16 February 1940 9 September 1943 3 years, 205 days Independent Filov I–II
No image.svg Petar Gabrovski
1898–1945
(Lived: 46 years)
Acting
9 September 1943 14 September 1943 5 days Independent Filov II
29 Dobri Bozhilov1.png Dobri Bozhilov
1884–1945
(Lived: 60 years)
14 September 1943 1 June 1944 261 days Independent Bozhilov
30 Ivan Bagrianov.jpg Ivan Ivanov Bagryanov
1891–1945
(Lived: 53 years)
1 June 1944 2 September 1944 93 days Independent Bagryanov
31[1] Konstantin Muraviev.jpg Konstantin Muraviev
1893–1965
(Lived: 71 years)
2 September 1944 9 September 1944
(Deposed)
7 days Bulgarian Agrarian National Union Muraviev
(24) K.georgiev.jpg Kimon Georgiev
1882–1969
(Lived: 87 years)
2nd time
9 September 1944 15 September 1946 2 years, 6 days Zveno 1945 Georgiev II–III

People's Republic of Bulgaria (1946–1990)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1946–1949
(24) K.georgiev.jpg Kimon Georgiev
1882–1969
(Lived: 87 years)
2nd time
15 September 1946 23 November 1946 69 days Zveno Georgiev III
32 Georgi Dimitrow.png Georgi Dimitrov
1882–1949
(Lived: 67 years)
23 November 1946 2 July 1949 † 2 years, 221 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1946 Dimitrov I–II
33 V.kolarov.jpg Vasil Kolarov
1877–1950
(Lived: 72 years)
2 July 1949
Acting until
20 July 1949
23 January 1950 † 205 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1949 Kolarov I–II
34 Valko Chervenkov.jpg Valko Chervenkov
1900–1980
(Lived: 80 years)
23 January 1950
Acting until
3 February 1950
17 April 1956 6 years, 85 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1953 Kolarov II
Chervenkov
35 No image.svg Anton Yugov
1904–1991
(Lived: 86 years)
17 April 1956 19 November 1962 6 years, 216 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1957 Yugov I–III
36 Todor Zhivkov
1911–1998
(Lived: 86 years)
19 November 1962 7 July 1971 8 years, 230 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1962
1966
Zhivkov I–II
37 Stanko Todorov.jpg Stanko Todorov
1920–1996
(Lived: 76 years)
7 July 1971 16 June 1981 9 years, 344 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1971
1976
Todorov I–II
38 No image.svg Grisha Filipov
1919–1994
(Lived: 75 years)
16 June 1981 21 March 1986 4 years, 278 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1981 Filipov
39 No image.svg Georgi Atanasov
Born 1933
(87 years old)
21 March 1986 3 February 1990 3 years, 319 days Bulgarian Communist Party 1986 Atanasov
40 No image.svg Andrey Lukanov
1938–1996
(Lived: 58 years)
3 February 1990 15 November 1990 285 days Bulgarian Communist Party Lukanov I–II
Bulgarian Socialist Party

Republic of Bulgaria (1990–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
1990–1991
40 No image.svg Andrey Lukanov
1938–1996
(Lived: 58 years)
15 November 1990 7 December 1990 22 days Bulgarian Socialist Party Lukanov II
41 No image.svg Dimitar Popov
1927–2015
(Lived: 88 years)
7 December 1990 8 November 1991 336 days Independent 1990 Popov
Minister-Chairmen
1991–onwards
42 Dimitrov.JPG Philip Dimitrov
Born 1955
(65 years old)
8 November 1991 30 December 1992 1 year, 52 days Union of Democratic Forces 1991 Dimitrov
43 No image.svg Lyuben Berov
1925–2006
(Lived: 81 years)
30 December 1992 17 October 1994 1 year, 291 days Independent
supported by
Movement for Rights and Freedoms
Berov
44 No image.svg Reneta Indzhova
Born 1953
(67 years old)
Acting
17 October 1994 25 January 1995 100 days Independent Indzhova
45 No image.svg Zhan Videnov
Born 1959
(61 years old)
25 January 1995 13 February 1997 2 years, 19 days Bulgarian Socialist Party 1994 Videnov
46 No image.svg Stefan Sofiyanski
Born 1951
(68 years old)
Acting
13 February 1997 21 May 1997 97 days Union of Democratic Forces Sofiyanski
47 Ivan kostov.jpg Ivan Kostov
Born 1949
(70 years old)
21 May 1997 24 July 2001 4 years, 64 days Union of Democratic Forces 1997 Kostov
48 Simeon II of Bulgaria.jpg Simeon Sakskoburggotski
Born 1937
(83 years old)
24 July 2001 17 August 2005 4 years, 24 days National Movement Simeon II 2001 Sakskoburggotski
49 Sergey Stanishev 2009 elections diff crop.jpg Sergei Stanishev
Born 1966
(54 years old)
17 August 2005 27 July 2009 3 years, 344 days Bulgarian Socialist Party 2005 Stanishev
50 Boyko Borissov (crop 2019).jpg Boyko Borisov
Born 1959
(61 years old)
27 July 2009 13 March 2013 3 years, 229 days GERB 2009 Borisov I
51 Марин Райков на съвместна пресконференция с Хашим Тачи (8741636514) (cropped).jpg Marin Raykov
Born 1960
(59 years old)
Acting
13 March 2013 29 May 2013 77 days Independent Raykov
52 Plamen Oresharski.jpg Plamen Oresharski
Born 1960
(60 years old)
29 May 2013 6 August 2014 1 year, 69 days Independent
supported by
Bulgarian Socialist Party
2013 Oresharski
53 Georgi Bliznashki.jpg Georgi Bliznashki
Born 1956
(64 years old)
Acting
6 August 2014 7 November 2014 93 days Independent Bliznashki
(50) Boyko Borissov (crop 2019).jpg Boyko Borisov
Born 1959
(61 years old)
2nd time
7 November 2014 27 January 2017 2 years, 81 days GERB 2014 Borisov II
54 No image.svg Ognyan Gerdzhikov
Born 1946
(74 years old)
Acting
27 January 2017 4 May 2017 97 days National Movement for Stability and Progress Gerdzhikov
(50) Boyko Borissov (crop 2019).jpg Boyko Borisov
Born 1959
(61 years old)
3rd time
4 May 2017 Incumbent 3 years, 176 days GERB 2017 Borisov III

Living former prime ministers[edit]

Number Name Tenure Date of birth Age
1 Georgi Atanasov 1986–1990 (1933-07-25)25 July 1933 87
2 Philip Dimitrov 1991–1992 (1955-03-31)31 March 1955 65
3 Reneta Indzhova 1994–1995 (1953-07-06)6 July 1953 67
4 Zhan Videnov 1995–1997 (1959-03-22)22 March 1959 61
5 Stefan Sofiyanski 1997 (1951-11-07)7 November 1951 68
6 Ivan Kostov 1997–2001 (1949-12-23)23 December 1949 70
7 Simeon Sakskoburggotski 2001-2005 (1937-06-16)16 June 1937 83
8 Sergey Stanishev 2005–2009 (1966-05-05)5 May 1966 54
9 Marin Raykov 2013 (1960-12-17)17 December 1960 59
10 Plamen Oresharski 2013–2014 (1960-02-21)21 February 1960 60
11 Georgi Bliznashki 2014 (1956-10-04)4 October 1956 64
12 Ognyan Gerdzhikov 2017 (1946-03-19)19 March 1946 74

Facts and records of Bulgarian prime ministers[edit]

Age at appointment[edit]

Age at retirement[edit]

Oldest and youngest living prime ministers[edit]

Longest and shortest lived prime ministers[edit]

Longest and shortest retirements[edit]

  • Living prime minister with the longest period lived after leaving office: Georgi Atanasov (30 years, 267 days)
  • Living prime minister with the shortest period lived after leaving office: Ognyan Gerdzhikov (3 years, 176 days)
  • Deceased prime minister with the longest period lived after leaving office: Stoyan Danev (46 years, 39 days)
  • Deceased prime minister with the shortest period lived after leaving office: Aleksandar Stamboliyski (5 days)

Age difference between incoming and outgoing officeholders[edit]

  • Largest age difference between an incoming and outgoing prime minister: Sergey Stanishev (born 5 May 1966) was 28 years, 323 days younger than Simeon Sakskoburggotski (born 16 June 1937) whom he succeeded in 2005.
  • Smallest age difference between an incoming and outgoing prime minister: Aleksandar Tsankov (born 29 June 1879) was 120 days younger than Aleksandar Stamboliyski (born 1 March 1879) whom he succeeded in 1923.

Length of service[edit]

Female prime ministers[edit]

Foreign-born prime ministers[edit]

Prime ministers of Bulgaria born after the announcement of Bulgaria as a republic[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Johann Casimir Ehrnrooth was appointed by Prince Alexander I to preside over the election. Ehrnrooth was not elected by the Grand National Assembly.
  2. ^ Leonid Sobolev was appointed by Prince Alexander I during his authoritarian regime. Sobolev was not elected by the National Assembly.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ilcho Dimitrov; Professor Bogdan Filov and his diary; 1990; "During the 65 years of the existence of the Bulgarian [monarchy], the post of Prime minister was held by 29 persons (excluding the two Russian generals Ehrnrooth and Sobolev)." (in Bulgarian)

See also[edit]