List of Prime Ministers of Canada by longevity

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This is a list of Prime Ministers of Canada by longevity. Where the Prime Minister in question is still living, the longevity is calculated up to March 26, 2017.

Two measures of the longevity are given - this is to allow for the differing number of leap days occurring within the life of each Prime Minister. The first column is the number of days between date of birth and date of death, allowing for leap days; the second column breaks this number down into years and days, with the years being the number of whole years the Prime Minister lived, and the days being the remaining number of days after his/her last birthday.

Overview[edit]

If a Prime Minister served more than one non-consecutive term, the dates listed below are for the beginning of their first term, and the end of their final term.

The median age at which a Prime Minister first takes office is roughly 54 years and 10 months, which falls between Wilfrid Laurier and John Turner. The youngest person to become Prime Minister was Joe Clark, who took office one day before his 40th birthday. The oldest person to become Prime Minister was Charles Tupper at the age of 74 years, 304 days. The oldest person ever to serve as Prime Minister was John A. Macdonald, who was still in office when he died at the age of 76 years, 146 days.

The oldest living Prime Minister is John Turner, born June 7, 1929 (aged 87 years, 292 days). The second-oldest living Prime Minister is Jean Chrétien, born January 11, 1934 (aged 83 years, 74 days). The youngest living Prime Minister is the incumbent, Justin Trudeau, born December 25, 1971 (aged 45 years, 91 days).

The longest lived Prime Minister was Charles Tupper, who died at the age of 94 years, 120 days. Mackenzie Bowell was the second-longest lived Prime Minister. Bowell died at the age of 93 years, 348 days, only 136 days short of matching Tupper. John Turner, the oldest living Prime Minister, will tie Tupper if he lives to October 4, 2023. The shortest lived Prime Minister was John S. Thompson, who died (in office) at the age of 49 years, 32 days. Macdonald and Thompson were the only 2 Prime Ministers to die in office.

In 2015, Justin Trudeau became the second-youngest person to become Prime Minister. He started his first term at the age of 43 years and 314 days. The only person to become prime minister younger than Justin Trudeau was Joe Clark.

Prime Ministers of Canada[edit]

#
Prime Minister
Date of birth
Start date
of (first) term
Age at beginning
of (first) term
End date
of (final) term
Total time
in office
Date of death
Lifespan
1 Macdonald, JohnJohn A. Macdonald 1815-01-11(1815-01-11)January 11, 1815 July 1, 1867 (1867-07-01)[1] 52-17152 years, 171 days June 6, 1891 (1891-06-06)[2] 06,9346,934 days 1891-06-06June 6, 1891(1891-06-06) 27,905 days (76 years, 146 days)
2 Mackenzie, AlexanderAlexander Mackenzie 1822-01-28(1822-01-28)January 28, 1822 November 7, 1873 (1873-11-07) 51-28351 years, 283 days October 9, 1878 (1878-10-09) 01,7971,797 days 1892-04-17April 17, 1892(1892-04-17) 25,647 days (70 years, 80 days)
3 Abbott, JohnJohn Abbott 1821-03-12(1821-03-12)March 12, 1821 June 16, 1891 (1891-06-16) 70-09670 years, 96 days November 24, 1892 (1892-11-24) 00,527527 days 1893-10-30October 30, 1893(1893-10-30) 26,530 days (72 years, 232 days)
4 Thompson, JohnJohn Thompson 1845-11-10(1845-11-10)November 10, 1845 December 5, 1892 (1892-12-05) 47-02547 years, 25 days December 12, 1894 (1894-12-12)[2] 00,737737 days 1894-12-12December 12, 1894(1894-12-12) 17,929 days (49 years, 32 days)
5 Bowell, MackenzieMackenzie Bowell 1823-12-27(1823-12-27)December 27, 1823 December 21, 1894 (1894-12-21) 70-35970 years, 359 days April 27, 1896 (1896-04-27) 00,493493 days 1917-12-10December 10, 1917(1917-12-10) 34,316 days (93 years, 348 days)
6 Tupper, CharlesCharles Tupper 1821-07-02(1821-07-02)July 2, 1821 May 1, 1896 (1896-05-01) 74-30474 years, 304 days July 8, 1896 (1896-07-08) 00,06868 days 1915-10-30October 30, 1915(1915-10-30) 34,452 days (94 years, 120 days)
7 Laurier, WilfridWilfrid Laurier 1841-11-20(1841-11-20)November 20, 1841 July 11, 1896 (1896-07-11) 54-23454 years, 234 days October 5, 1911 (1911-10-05) 05,5635,563 days 1919-02-17February 17, 1919(1919-02-17) 28,212 days (77 years, 89 days)
8 Borden, RobertRobert Borden 1854-06-26(1854-06-26)June 26, 1854 October 10, 1911 (1911-10-10) 57-10657 years, 106 days July 10, 1920 (1920-07-10) 03,1963,196 days 1937-06-10June 10, 1937(1937-06-10) 30,299 days (82 years, 349 days)
9 Meighen, ArthurArthur Meighen 1874-06-16(1874-06-16)June 16, 1874 July 10, 1920 (1920-07-10) 46-02446 years, 24 days September 25, 1926 (1926-09-25) 00,625625 days 1960-08-05August 5, 1960(1960-08-05) 31,461 days (86 years, 50 days)
10 King, WilliamW.L. Mackenzie King 1874-12-17(1874-12-17)December 17, 1874 December 29, 1921 (1921-12-29) 47-01247 years, 12 days November 15, 1948 (1948-11-15) 07,8267,826 days 1950-07-22July 22, 1950(1950-07-22) 27,610 days (75 years, 217 days)
11 Bennett, R. B.R.B. Bennett 1870-07-03(1870-07-03)July 3, 1870 August 7, 1930 (1930-08-07) 60-03560 years, 35 days October 23, 1935 (1935-10-23) 01,9031,903 days 1947-06-26June 26, 1947(1947-06-26) 28,116 days (76 years, 358 days)
12 St. Laurent, LouisLouis St. Laurent 1882-02-01(1882-02-01)February 1, 1882 November 15, 1948 (1948-11-15) 66-28866 years, 288 days June 21, 1957 (1957-06-21) 03,1403,140 days 1973-07-25July 25, 1973(1973-07-25) 33,411 days (91 years, 174 days)
13 Diefenbaker, JohnJohn Diefenbaker 1895-09-18(1895-09-18)September 18, 1895 June 21, 1957 (1957-06-21) 61-27661 years, 276 days April 22, 1963 (1963-04-22) 02,1312,131 days 1979-08-16August 16, 1979(1979-08-16) 30,647 days (83 years, 332 days)
14 Pearson, LesterLester B. Pearson 1897-04-23(1897-04-23)April 23, 1897 April 22, 1963 (1963-04-22) 65-36465 years, 364 days April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20) 01,8251,825 days 1972-12-27December 27, 1972(1972-12-27) 27,641 days (75 years, 248 days)
15 Trudeau, PierrePierre Trudeau 1919-10-18(1919-10-18)October 18, 1919 April 20, 1968 (1968-04-20) 48-18548 years, 185 days June 30, 1984 (1984-06-30) 05,6425,642 days 2000-09-28September 28, 2000(2000-09-28) 29,566 days (80 years, 346 days)
16 Clark, JoeJoe Clark 1939-06-05(1939-06-05)June 5, 1939 June 4, 1979 (1979-06-04) 39-36439 years, 364 days March 3, 1980 (1980-03-03) 00,273273 days 2017-03-26 28,419 days (77 years, 294 days)
17 Turner, JohnJohn Turner 1929-06-07(1929-06-07)June 7, 1929 June 30, 1984 (1984-06-30) 55-02355 years, 23 days September 17, 1984 (1984-09-17) 00,07979 days 2017-03-26 32,069 days (87 years, 292 days)
18 Mulroney, BrianBrian Mulroney 1939-03-20(1939-03-20)March 20, 1939 September 17, 1984 (1984-09-17) 45-18145 years, 181 days June 25, 1993 (1993-06-25) 03,2033,203 days 2017-03-26 28,496 days (78 years, 6 days)
19 Campbell, KimKim Campbell 1947-03-10(1947-03-10)March 10, 1947 June 25, 1993 (1993-06-25) 46-10746 years, 107 days November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04) 00,132132 days 2017-03-26 25,584 days (70 years, 16 days)
20 Chretien, JeanJean Chrétien 1934-01-11(1934-01-11)January 11, 1934 November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04) 59-29759 years, 297 days December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12) 03,6903,690 days 2017-03-26 30,390 days (83 years, 74 days)
21 Martin, PaulPaul Martin 1938-08-28(1938-08-28)August 28, 1938 December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12) 65-10665 years, 106 days February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06) 00,787787 days 2017-03-26 28,700 days (78 years, 210 days)
22 Harper, StephenStephen Harper 1959-04-30(1959-04-30)April 30, 1959 February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06) 46-28246 years, 282 days November 4, 2015 (2015-11-04) 04,0664,066 days 2017-03-26 21,150 days (57 years, 330 days)
23 Trudeau, JustinJustin Trudeau 1971-12-25(1971-12-25)December 25, 1971 November 4, 2015 (2015-11-04) 46-28243 years, 314 days INCUMBENT 0508508 days 2017-03-26 16,528 days (45 years, 91 days)
# Prime Minister Date of birth Start date of
(first) term
Age at beginning
of (first) term
End date
of (final) term
Total time
in office
Date of death Lifespan

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Date of Canadian Confederation.
  2. ^ a b Died in office on this date.

Sources[edit]