List of Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia
|Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia|
|Formation||14 November 1918|
|First holder||Karel Kramář|
|Final holder||Jan Stráský|
|Abolished||31 December 1992|
The Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia was the head of government of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in 1992.
In periods when the post of the President of Czechoslovakia was vacant, some presidential duties were carried out by the Prime Minister. However, the Czechoslovak Constitutions do not define anything like a post of acting president.
Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia (1918–1992)
|No.||Portrait||Name||Lifespan||Ethnicity||Assumed office||Left office||Political Party|
|1||Karel Kramář||1860–1937||Czech||14 November 1918||8 July 1919||Czechoslovak National Democracy|
|2||Vlastimil Tusar||1880–1924||Czech||8 July 1919||15 September 1920||Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party|
|3||Jan Černý||1874–1959||Czech||15 September 1920||26 September 1921||Independent|
|4||Edvard Beneš||1884–1948||Czech||26 September 1921||7 October 1922||Independent|
|5||Antonín Švehla||1873–1933||Czech||7 October 1922||18 March 1926||Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants / Pětka|
|6||Jan Černý||1874–1959||Czech||18 March 1926||12 October 1926||Independent|
|7||Antonín Švehla||1873–1933||Czech||12 October 1926||1 February 1929||Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants / Pětka|
|8||František Udržal||1866–1938||Czech||1 February 1929||24 October 1932||Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants|
|9||Jan Malypetr||1873–1947||Czech||24 October 1932||5 November 1935||Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants|
|10||Milan Hodža||1878–1944||Slovak||5 November 1935||22 September 1938||Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants|
|11||Jan Syrový||1888–1970||Czech||22 September 1938||1 December 1938||Independent|
|12||Rudolf Beran||1887–1954||Czech||1 December 1938||15 March 1939||Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants / Party of National Unity|
Alois Eliáš became Prime Minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, a de iure autonomous region incorporated into Nazi Germany.
Jan Šrámek became Prime Minister within the Czechoslovak government-in-exile, recognized as the only legitimate Czechoslovak Government during World War II.
Vojtech Tuka became Prime Minister of the quasi-independent, pro-Nazi and clero-fascist Slovak Republic.
Julian Révaý became Prime Minister of the Carpatho-Ukraine few days before occupation by the Kingdom of Hungary.
|13||Zdeněk Fierlinger||1891–1976||Czech||5 April 1945||2 July 1946||Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party|
|14||Klement Gottwald||1896–1953||Czech||2 July 1946||15 June 1948||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
Official names: Czechoslovak Republic (1948–1960), Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1960–1989)
|15||Antonín Zápotocký||1884–1957||Czech||15 June 1948||14 March 1953||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
|16||Viliam Široký||1902–1971||Slovak||14 March 1953||20 September 1963||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
|17||Jozef Lenárt||1923–2004||Slovak||20 September 1963||8 April 1968||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
|18||Oldřich Černík||1921–1994||Czech||8 April 1968||28 January 1970||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
|19||Lubomír Štrougal||1924–||Czech||28 January 1970||12 October 1988||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
|20||Ladislav Adamec||1926–2007||Czech||12 October 1988||7 December 1989||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia|
Official names: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1989–1990), Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)
|21||Marián Čalfa||1946–||Slovak||7 December 1989||2 July 1992||Communist Party of Czechoslovakia / Public Against Violence / Civic Democratic Union|
|22||Jan Stráský||1940–||Czech||2 July 1992||31 December 1992||Civic Democratic Party|
- List of Presidents of Czechoslovakia
- List of rulers of Bohemia