List of prime ministers of Denmark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Prime Minister of Denmark is the head of government of the Kingdom of Denmark and leader of the Cabinet; since 1918 they have held the title of "Minister of State" (Danish: statsminister). The Prime Minister is formally appointed by the Monarch, who is head of state.

The highest ranking non-monarchial offices prior to 1848 are regarded as predecessors of the modern office of Prime Minister. There have been several titles used; "King's Chancellor", "Chancellor of the Realm", "Grand Chancellor", "Privy Councillor", "Prime Minister", "Council President" and Minister of State, once again. Each Prime Minister since 1848 has been the leader of one or more cabinets (for a complete list see Cabinet of Denmark).

Denmark's current Prime Minister is Mette Frederiksen representing the social democratic party Socialdemokratiet. Mette Frederiksen took office on 27 June 2019, taking over the position from Lars Løkke Rasmussen, representing the liberal party Venstre.

List of Grand Chancellors (1676–1730)[edit]

Key: Died in office

No. Grand Chancellor Took office Left office Time in office King
1
Frederik Ahlefeldt
Ahlefeldt , FrederikFrederik Ahlefeldt
(1623–1686)
16767 July 1686 †9–10 yearsChristian V of Denmark
2
Conrad von Reventlow
von Reventlow, ConradConrad von Reventlow
(1644–1708)
26 August 169921 July 1708 †8 years, 330 daysFrederick IV of Denmark
3
Christian Christophersen Sehested
Sehested, Christian ChristophersenChristian Christophersen Sehested
(1666–1740)
21 July 170820 June 172112 years, 334 daysFrederick IV of Denmark
4
Ulrik Adolf Holstein
Holstein, Ulrik AdolfUlrik Adolf Holstein
(1664–1737)
20 June 172117 October 17309 years, 119 daysFrederick IV of Denmark

List of Privy Councillors (1730–1848)[edit]

Key: Died in office

No. Privy Councillor Took office Left office Time in office King
1
Iver Rosenkrantz
Rosenkrantz, IverIver Rosenkrantz
(1674–1745)
17 October 173012 May 17354 years, 207 daysChristian VI of Denmark
(1730 – 1746)
2
Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
Holstein-Ledreborg, Johan LudvigJohan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
(1694–1763)
[a]
12 May 1735175115–16 yearsChristian VI of Denmark
(1730 – 1746)
Frederick V of Denmark
(1746 – 1766)
3
Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff
von Bernstorff, Johann Hartwig ErnstCount Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff
(1712–1772)
175113 September 177018–19 yearsFrederick V of Denmark
(1746 – 1766)
Christian VII of Denmark
(1766 – 1808)
4
Johann Friedrich Struensee
Struensee, Johann FriedrichJohann Friedrich Struensee
(1737–1772)
13 September 177017 January 17721 year, 126 daysChristian VII of Denmark
(1766 – 1808)
5
Ove Høegh-Guldberg
Høegh-Guldberg, OveOve Høegh-Guldberg
(1731–1808)
17 January 177214 April 178412 years, 88 daysChristian VII of Denmark
(1766 – 1808)
6
Andreas Peter Bernstorff
Bernstorff, Andreas PeterAndreas Peter Bernstorff
(1735–1797)
14 April 178421 June 1797 †13 years, 68 daysChristian VII of Denmark
(1766 – 1808)
7
Christian Günther von Bernstorff
von Bernstorff, Christian GüntherChristian Günther von Bernstorff
(1769–1835)
22 June 1797181012–13 yearsChristian VII of Denmark
(1766 – 1808)
Frederick VI of Denmark
(1808 – 1839)
8
Frederik Moltke [da]
Moltke, FrederikFrederik Moltke [da]
(1754–1836)
181018143–4 yearsFrederick VI of Denmark
(1808 – 1839)
9
Frederik Julius Kaas [da]
Kaas, Frederik JuliusFrederik Julius Kaas [da]
(1758–1827)
181418140 yearsFrederick VI of Denmark
(1808 – 1839)
10
Joachim Godske Moltke
Moltke, Joachim GodskeJoachim Godske Moltke
(1746–1818)
181424 August 18183–4 yearsFrederick VI of Denmark
(1808 – 1839)
11
Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann
von Schimmelmann, Ernst HeinrichErnst Heinrich von Schimmelmann
(1747–1831)
24 August 181818245–6 yearsFrederick VI of Denmark
(1808 – 1839)
12
Otto Joachim Moltke
Moltke, Otto JoachimOtto Joachim Moltke
(1770–1853)
1824184217–18 yearsFrederick VI of Denmark
(1808 – 1839)
Christian VIII of Denmark
(1839 – 1848)
13
Poul Christian von Stemann
Stemann, Poul ChristianPoul Christian von Stemann
(1764–1855)
184222 March 18485–6 yearsChristian VIII of Denmark
(1839 – 1848)

List of prime ministers (1848–1855)[edit]

Prime ministers under Frederik VII (1848–1855)[edit]

Key: Died in office

No. Prime Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Cabinet
1
Adam Wilhelm Moltke
Moltke, Adam WilhelmAdam Wilhelm Moltke
(1785–1864)
22 March 184827 January 18523 years, 311 daysIndependent
1849
Moltke IIIIIIIV
2
Christian Albrecht Bluhme
Bluhme, Christian AlbrechtChristian Albrecht Bluhme
(1794–1866)
27 January 185221 April 18531 year, 84 daysHøjre1852
Feb. 1853
Bluhme I
3
Anders Sandøe Ørsted
Ørsted, Anders SandøeAnders Sandøe Ørsted
(1778–1860)
21 April 185312 December 18541 year, 235 daysIndependentMay. 1853Ørsted
4
Peter Georg Bang
Bang, Peter GeorgPeter Georg Bang
(1797–1861)
12 December 185412 October 1855304 daysIndependent1854Bang

List of Council Presidents (1855–1918)[edit]

Council Presidents under Frederik VII (1855–1863)[edit]

Key: Died in office

No. Council President Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Cabinet
1
Peter Georg Bang
Bang, Peter GeorgPeter Georg Bang
(1797–1861)
12 October 185518 October 18561 year, 6 daysIndependent1855Bang
2
Carl Christoffer Georg Andræ
Andræ, Carl Christoffer GeorgCarl Christoffer Georg Andræ
(1812–1893)
18 October 185613 May 1857207 daysIndependentAndræ
3
Carl Christian Hall
Hall, Carl ChristianCarl Christian Hall
(1812–1888)
13 May 18572 December 18592 years, 203 daysNational Liberal1858Hall I
4
Carl Edvard Rotwitt
Rotwitt, Carl EdvardCarl Edvard Rotwitt
(1812–1860)
2 December 18598 February 1860 †68 daysBondevennerneRotwitt
Carl Frederik Blixen-Finecke [da]
Blixen-Finecke, Carl FrederikCarl Frederik Blixen-Finecke [da]
(1822–1873)
Acting
8 February 186024 February 186016 daysIndependentRotwitt
(3)
Carl Christian Hall
Hall, Carl ChristianCarl Christian Hall
(1812–1888)
24 February 186031 December 18633 years, 310 daysNational Liberal1861Hall II

Council Presidents under Christian IX (1863–1906)[edit]

Key: Died in office

No. Council President Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Coalition Cabinet
5
Ditlev Gothard Monrad
Monrad, Ditlev GothardDitlev Gothard Monrad
(1811–1887)
31 December 186311 July 1864193 daysNational LiberalNLMonrad
6
Christian Albrecht Bluhme
Bluhme, Christian AlbrechtChristian Albrecht Bluhme
(1794–1866)
11 July 18646 November 18651 year, 118 daysNonpartisan1864HBluhme II
7
Christian Emil Frijs
Frijs, Christian EmilChristian Emil Frijs
(1817–1896)
6 November 186528 May 18704 years, 203 daysNational LandownersJun.1866
Oct.1866
1869
NG
(1865 – 1866)
NGNL
Frijs
8
Ludvig Holstein-Holsteinborg
Holstein-Holsteinborg, LudvigLudvig Holstein-Holsteinborg
(1815–1892)
28 May 187014 July 18744 years, 47 daysCentre1872
1873
NGNLHolstein-Holsteinborg
9
Christen Andreas Fonnesbech
Fonnesbech, Christen AndreasChristen Andreas Fonnesbech
(1817–1880)
14 July 187411 June 1875332 daysNational LandownersNGNLFonnesbech
10
Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup
Estrup, Jacob Brønnum ScaveniusJacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup
(1825–1913)
11 June 18757 August 189419 years, 57 daysNational Landowners
Højre
1876
1879
May & Jul.1881
1884
1887
1890
1892
NG
(1875 – 1881)
H
(1881 – 1894)
Estrup
11
Tage Reedtz-Thott
Reedtz-Thott, TageTage Reedtz-Thott
(1839–1923)
7 August 189423 May 18972 years, 289 daysHøjre1895HReedtz-Thott
12
Hugo Egmont Hørring
Hørring, Hugo EgmontHugo Egmont Hørring
(1842–1909)
23 May 189727 April 19002 years, 339 daysHøjre1898HHørring
13
Hannibal Sehested
Sehested, HannibalHannibal Sehested
(1842–1924)
27 April 190024 July 19011 year, 88 daysHøjreHSehested
14
Johan Henrik Deuntzer
Deuntzer, Johan HenrikJohan Henrik Deuntzer
(1845–1918)
24 July 190114 January 19053 years, 174 daysVenstre Reform1901
1903
VDeuntzer
15
Jens Christian Christensen
Christensen, Jens ChristianJens Christian Christensen
(1856–1930)
14 January 190524 July 19083 years, 192 daysVenstre Reform1906VChristensen

Council Presidents under Frederik VIII (1906–1912)[edit]

No. Council President Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Cabinet
16
Niels Neergaard
Neergaard, NielsNiels Neergaard
(1854–1936)
12 October 190816 August 1909308 daysVenstre ReformNeergaard I
17
Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg
Holstein-Ledreborg, LudvigLudvig Holstein-Ledreborg
(1839–1912)
16 August 190928 October 190973 daysVenstre Reform1909Holstein-Ledreborg
18
Carl Theodor Zahle
Zahle, Carl TheodorCarl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
28 October 19095 July 1910250 daysSocial LiberalsZahle I
19
Klaus Berntsen
Berntsen, KlausKlaus Berntsen
(1844–1927)
5 July 191021 June 19132 years, 351 daysVenstre1910Berntsen

Council Presidents under Christian X (1912–1947)[edit]

No. Council President Took office Left office Time in office Party Election Cabinet
(18)
Carl Theodor Zahle
Zahle, Carl TheodorCarl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
21 June 191320 April 19184 years, 303 daysSocial Liberals1913Zahle II

List of ministers of State (1918–present)[edit]

Prime ministers under Christian X (1912–1947)[edit]

Key: Died in office

Portrait Prime Minister
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Election Coalition Cabinet
Took office Left office Duration
5
Carl Theodor Zahle
Zahle, Carl TheodorCarl Theodor Zahle
(1866–1946)
21 April 191830 March 19201 year, 344 daysSocial Liberals1918RZahle II
6
Otto Liebe
Liebe, OttoOtto Liebe
(1860–1929)
30 March 19205 April 19206 daysIndependentCaretaker governmentLiebe
7
Michael Pedersen Friis
Friis, Michael PedersenMichael Pedersen Friis
(1857–1944)
5 April 19205 May 192030 daysIndependentCaretaker governmentFriis
8
Niels Neergaard
Neergaard, NielsNiels Neergaard
(1854–1936)
5 May 192023 April 19243 years, 354 daysVenstreApr.1920
Jul.1920
Sep.1920
VNeergaard IIIII
9
Thorvald Stauning
Stauning, ThorvaldThorvald Stauning
(1873–1942)
23 April 192414 December 19262 years, 235 daysSocial Democrats1924SStauning I
10
Thomas Madsen-Mygdal
Madsen-Mygdal, ThomasThomas Madsen-Mygdal
(1876–1943)
14 December 192630 April 19292 years, 137 daysVenstre1926VMadsen-Mygdal
(9)
Thorvald Stauning
Stauning, ThorvaldThorvald Stauning
(1873–1942)
[b]
30 April 19293 May 1942 †13 years, 3 daysSocial Democrats1929
1932
1935
1939
SR
(1929 – 1940)
Unity government
(1940 – 1942)
Stauning IIIIIIVVVI
11
Vilhelm Buhl
Buhl, VilhelmVilhelm Buhl
(1881–1954)
4 May 19429 November 1942189 daysSocial DemocratsUnity governmentBuhl I
12
Erik Scavenius
Scavenius, ErikErik Scavenius
(1877–1962)
9 November 194229 August 1943293 daysIndependent1943Unity governmentScavenius
No Danish government (29 August 1943[c] – 5 May 1945). Office is assumed by the permanent secretary.
(11)
Vilhelm Buhl
Buhl, VilhelmVilhelm Buhl
(1881–1954)
5 May 19457 November 1945186 daysSocial DemocratsUnity governmentBuhl II
13
Knud Kristensen
Kristensen, KnudKnud Kristensen
(1880–1962)
7 November 194513 November 19472 years, 6 daysVenstre1945VKristensen

Prime ministers under Frederik IX (1947–1972)[edit]

Portrait Prime Minister
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Election Coalition Cabinet
Took office Left office Duration
14
Hans Hedtoft
Hedtoft, HansHans Hedtoft
(1903–1955)
13 November 194730 October 19502 years, 351 daysSocial Democrats1947S
(1947 – 1950)
Hedtoft I
15
Erik Eriksen
Eriksen, ErikErik Eriksen
(1902–1972)
30 October 195030 September 19532 years, 335 daysVenstre1950
Apr.1953
VK
(1950 – 1953)
Eriksen
(14)
Hans Hedtoft
Hedtoft, HansHans Hedtoft
(1903–1955)
[d]
30 September 195329 January 1955 †1 year, 121 daysSocial DemocratsSep.1953S
(1953 – 1955)
Hedtoft II
16
Hans Christian Hansen
Hansen, Hans ChristianHans Christian Hansen
(1906–1960)
[e]
1 February 195519 February 1960 †5 years, 18 daysSocial Democrats
1957
S
(1955 – 1957)
SRE
(1957 – 1960)
Hansen III
17
Viggo Kampmann
Kampmann, ViggoViggo Kampmann
(1910–1976)
21 February 19603 September 19622 years, 194 daysSocial Democrats
1960
SRE
(1960 – 1960)
SR
(1960 – 1962)
Kampmann III
18
Jens Otto Krag
Krag, Jens OttoJens Otto Krag
(1914–1978)
3 September 19622 February 19685 years, 152 daysSocial Democrats
1964
SR
(1962 – 1964)
S
(1964 – 1968)
Krag III
19
Hilmar Baunsgaard
Baunsgaard, HilmarHilmar Baunsgaard
(1920–1989)
2 February 196811 October 19713 years, 251 daysSocial Liberals1968RKV
(1968 – 1971)
Baunsgaard
(18)
Jens Otto Krag
Krag, Jens OttoJens Otto Krag
(1914–1978)
11 October 19715 October 1972360 daysSocial Democrats1971S
(1971 – 1972)
Krag III

Prime ministers under Margrethe II (1972–present)[edit]

Portrait Prime Minister
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Election Coalition Cabinet
Took office Left office Duration
20
Anker Jørgensen
Jørgensen, AnkerAnker Jørgensen
(1922–2016)
5 October 197219 December 19731 year, 75 daysSocial DemocratsS
(1972 – 1973)
Jørgensen I
21
Poul Hartling
Hartling, PoulPoul Hartling
(1914–2000)
19 December 197313 February 19751 year, 56 daysVenstre1973V
(1973 – 1975)
Hartling
(20)
Anker Jørgensen
Jørgensen, AnkerAnker Jørgensen
(1922–2016)
13 February 197510 September 19827 years, 209 daysSocial Democrats1975
1977
1979
1981
S
(1975 – 1978)
SV
(1978 – 1979)
S
(1979 – 1982)
Jørgensen IIIIIIVV
22
Poul Schlüter
Schlüter, PoulPoul Schlüter
(born 1929)
10 September 198225 January 199310 years, 137 daysConservative1984
1987
1988
1990
KVCDKD
(1984 – 1988)
KVR
(1988 – 1990)
KV
(1990 – 1993)
Schlüter IIIIIIIV
23
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
Rasmussen, Poul NyrupPoul Nyrup Rasmussen
(born 1943)
25 January 199327 November 20018 years, 306 daysSocial Democrats
1994
1998
SCDRKD
(1993 – 1994)
SCDR
(1994 – 1996)
SR
(1996 – 2001)
P.N. Rasmussen IIIIIIIV
24
Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Rasmussen, Anders FoghAnders Fogh Rasmussen
(born 1953)
27 November 20015 April 20097 years, 129 daysVenstre2001
2005
2007
VK
(2001 – 2009)
A.F. Rasmussen IIIIII
25
Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Rasmussen, Lars LøkkeLars Løkke Rasmussen
(born 1964)
5 April 20093 October 20112 years, 181 daysVenstreVKL.L. Rasmussen I
26
Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Thorning-Schmidt, HelleHelle Thorning-Schmidt
(born 1966)
3 October 201128 June 20153 years, 298 daysSocial Democrats2011SRSF
(2011 – 2014)
SR
(2014 – 2015)
Thorning-Schmidt III
(25)
Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Rasmussen, Lars LøkkeLars Løkke Rasmussen
(born 1964)
28 June 201527 June 20193 years, 364 daysVenstre2015V
(2015 – 2016)
VIK
(2016 – 2019)
L.L. Rasmussen IIIII
27
Mette Frederiksen
Frederiksen, MetteMette Frederiksen
(born 1977)
27 June 2019Incumbent169 daysSocial Democrats2019S
(since 2019)
Frederiksen

Timeline (1848–present)[edit]

This is a graphical lifespan timeline of prime ministers of Denmark. The prime ministers are listed in order of office.

Mette FrederiksenHelle Thorning-SchmidtLars Løkke RasmussenAnders Fogh RasmussenPoul Nyrup RasmussenPoul SchlüterPoul HartlingAnker JørgensenHilmar BaunsgaardJens Otto KragViggo KampmannHans Christian HansenErik EriksenHans HedtoftKnud KristensenErik ScaveniusVilhelm BuhlThomas Madsen-MygdalThorvald StauningMichael Pedersen FriisOtto LiebeKlaus BerntsenCarl Theodor ZahleLudvig Holstein-LedreborgNiels NeergaardJens Christian ChristensenJohan Henrik DeuntzerHannibal SehestedHugo Egmont HørringTage Reedtz-ThottJacob Brønnum Scavenius EstrupChristen Andreas FonnesbechLudvig Holstein-HolsteinborgChristian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-FrijsDitlev Gothard MonradCarl Edvard RotwittCarl Christian HallCarl Christoffer Georg AndræPeter Georg BangAnders Sandøe ØrstedChristian Albrecht BluhmeAdam Wilhelm Moltke
Mette FrederiksenHelle Thorning-SchmidtLars Løkke RasmussenAnders Fogh RasmussenPoul Nyrup RasmussenPoul SchlüterPoul HartlingAnker JørgensenHilmar BaunsgaardJens Otto KragViggo KampmannHans Christian HansenErik EriksenHans HedtoftKnud KristensenErik ScaveniusVilhelm BuhlThomas Madsen-MygdalThorvald StauningMichael Pedersen FriisOtto LiebeKlaus BerntsenCarl Theodor ZahleLudvig Holstein-LedreborgNiels NeergaardJens Christian ChristensenJohan Henrik DeuntzerHannibal Sehested (council president)Hugo Egmont HørringTage Reedtz-ThottJacob Brønnum Scavenius EstrupChristen Andreas FonnesbechLudvig Holstein-HolsteinborgChristian Emil FrijsDitlev Gothard MonradCarl Edvard RotwittCarl Christian HallCarl Christoffer Georg AndræPeter Georg BangAnders Sandøe ØrstedChristian Albrecht BluhmeAdam Wilhelm Moltke

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Different authorities provide contradictory accounts as to whether the period of Ludvig's occupation of the office in fact overlapped with that of his successor.
  2. ^ Thorvald Stauning died in office. His successor was appointed the following day.
  3. ^ On 29 August 1943, the Danish government resigned, refusing to grant further concessions to Nazi Germany. All government operations were assumed by the permanent secretaries of the individual departments, and this arrangement lasted until the Liberation of Denmark on 5 May 1945. Since King Christian X never accepted the resignation of the government, it existed de jure until a new cabinet was formed on 5 May 1945.
  4. ^ Hans Hedtoft died in office. His successor was appointed three days later.
  5. ^ Hans Christian Hansen died in office. His successor was appointed two days later.

References[edit]