List of Prime Ministers of France

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The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the Head of government and of the Cabinet of France. The Head of state is the President of France.

During earlier periods of French history, the French head of government was known by different titles. Most recently, during the Second, Third and Fourth Republics, the Head of Government was called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil).

Kingdom of France (843–1792)[edit]

Under the Kingdom of France, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The chief ministers (principal ministres) of certain Kings of France nonetheless led the government de facto.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office King
(Reign)
Maximilien-de-Sully.jpg Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully
(1560–1641)
2 August 1589 29 January 1611 Henry IV
King Henry IV of France.jpg
(1589–1610)
De Neufville2.jpg Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy
(1543–1617)
1611 1614 Louis XIII
Louis XIII (de Champaigne).jpg
(1610–1643)
Concino-Concini.jpg Concino Concini
(1575–1617)
1616 24 April 1617
(Died in office)
Cardinal de Richelieu mg 0052.jpg Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac
(1585–1642)
12 August 1624 4 December 1642
(Died in office)
Mazarin-mignard.jpg Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin
(1602–1661)
4 December 1642 9 March 1661
(Died in office)
Louis XIV
LouisXIVRigaud.JPG
(1643–1715)
Colbert domaine de chantilly PE343.jpg Jean-Baptiste Colbert
(1619–1683)
9 March 1661 6 September 1683
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIV)
6 September 1683 1715
Guillaume Dubois.PNG Cardinal Guillaume Dubois
(1656–1723)
c. 1715 10 August 1723
(Died in office)
Louis XV
Louis XV by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour.jpg
(1715–1774)
Philippe d'Orléans, Regent et la comtesse de Parabère (Marie Madeleine de La Vieuville) par Santerre.jpg Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
(1674–1723)
10 August 1723 2 December 1723
(Died in office)
Undated portrait painting of Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (1692-1740) wearing armour and the sash of the Order of the Holy Spirit by an unknown artist.jpg Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
(1692–1740)
2 December 1723 11 June 1726
Cardinal de Fleury by Rigaud.jpg Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury
(1653–1743)
11 June 1726 29 January 1743
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XV)
29 January 1743 3 December 1758
Choiseul, Etienne François duc de.jpg Étienne François de Choiseul, Duke of Choiseul
(1719–1785)
3 December 1758 24 December 1770
René-Augustin de Maupeou.PNG René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou
(1714–1792)
24 December 1770 14 May 1774
Jean Frederic Phelypeaux Count of Maurepas.PNG Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas
(1701–1781)
14 May 1774 21 November 1781
(Died in office)
Louis XVI
Louis XVI of France.jpg
(1774–1792)
Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes.jpg Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes
(1717–1787)
21 November 1781 13 February 1787
(Died in office)
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne.PNG Archbishop Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne
(1727–1794)
1 May 1787 25 August 1788
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
25 August 1788 11 July 1789
Baron de Breteuil.jpg Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil
(1730–1807)
11 July 1789 16 July 1789
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
16 July 1789 3 September 1790
Armand-Marc Comte de MONTMORIN-SAINT-HEREM.jpg Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin
(1745–1792)
3 September 1790 29 November 1791

French First Republic (1792–1804)[edit]

During the First Republic, the arrangements for governance changed frequently:

There was no individual head of government.

First French Empire (1804–1814)[edit]

Main article: First French Empire

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government.

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
1 18 May 1804 1 April 1814 Bonapartist Napoleon I
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg
(1804–1814)

First Restoration (1814–1815)[edit]

Main article: First Restoration
Portrait Name Term of office Political Party King
(Reign)
Talleyrand 01.jpg Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as President of the Council)
1 1 April 1814 13 May 1814 Independent Louis XVIII
Louis XVIII of France.png
(1814–1815)
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
(as Foreign Minister)
2 13 May 1814 19 March 1815

Hundred Days (1815)[edit]

Main article: Hundred Days

As Emperor, Napoleon was both head of state and head of government. Upon Napoleon's abdication, his son Napoleon II was named Emperor. This rule was nominal, and Napoleon II remained in Austria throughout his nominal reign.

Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon I)
2 20 March 1815 22 June 1815 Bonapartist Napoleon I
Napoleon Paul Delaroche.jpg
(1815)
Joseph Fouché.png Joseph Fouché
(1759–1820)
(as President of the Executive Commission)
22 June 1815 7 July 1815 Independent Napoleon II
80 Napoleon II.jpg
(1815)

Bourbon Restoration (1815–1830)[edit]

Main article: Bourbon Restoration

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

      Independent
      Ultra-royalists
      Doctrinaires

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Talleyrand 01.jpg Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
9 July 1815 26 September 1815 Independent I (1815) Louis XVIII
Louis XVIII of France.png
(1815–1824)
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
1 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Independent
AduC 218 Dessoles (J.J.P.A., marquis, 1767-1828).jpg Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles
(1767–1828)
29 December 1818 19 November 1819 Independent II (1816)
Élie, comte Decazes.jpg Élie Decazes, duc de Glücksbierg and Decazes
(1780–1860)
19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Doctrinaires
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
2 20 February 1820 14 December 1821 Independent III (1820)
Villèle.jpg Jean-Baptiste de Villèle
(1773–1854)
14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-royalist
IV (1824) Charles X
Lefevre - Charles X (1826).jpg
(1824–1830)
Martignac.jpg Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac
(1778–1832)
4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Ultra-royalist V (1827)
Jules Armand de Polignac 1780–1847.JPG Jules de Polignac, duc de Polignac
(1780–1847)
8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist

July Monarchy (1830–1848)[edit]

Main article: July Monarchy

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

      Independent
      Movement Party
      Resistance Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Achille-Léonce-Victor-Charles, duc de Broglie
(1785–1870)
1 13 August 1830 2 November 1830 Independent I (1830) Louis Philippe I
Lodewijk Filips als kniestuk.jpg
(1830–1848)
Jacques Laffitte.jpg Jacques Laffitte
(1767–1844)
2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Movement Party
Perier, Casimir - 1.jpg Casimir Pierre Périer
(1777–1832)
13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Resistance Party II (1831)
Soult2.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult, duc of Dalmatie
(1769–1851)
1 11 October 1832 18 July 1834 Resistance Party
David Etienne Maurice Gerard (detail).jpg Étienne Maurice Gérard
(1773–1852)
18 July 1834 10 November 1834 Independent III (1834)
Maret, Hugues-Bernard.jpg Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano
(1763–1839)
10 November 1834 18 November 1834 Independent
Dubufe - Marshal Mortier.jpg Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise
(1768–1835)
18 November 1834 12 March 1835 Resistance Party
Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Achille-Léonce-Victor-Charles, duc de Broglie
(1785–1870)
2 12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Resistance Party
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
1 22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Movement Party
Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
1 6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Resistance Party
2 IV (1837)
Soult2.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult, duc of Dalmatie
(1769–1851)
2 12 May 1839 1 March 1840 Resistance Party V (1839)
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
2 1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Movement Party
Soult2.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult, duc of Dalmatie
(1769–1851)
3 29 October 1840 19 September 1847 Resistance Party VI (1842)
Guizot3.jpg François Guizot
(1787–1874)
19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Resistance Party VII (1846)
Mathieu-Louis Molé.JPG Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Resistance Party

French Second Republic (1848–1852)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

      Moderate Republican
      Party of Order
      Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
Dupont de l'Eure 1843.jpg Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
(1767–1855)
24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Moderate Republican Const.
(1848)
Himself
de facto
(Provisional)
François Arago.jpg François Arago
(1786–1853)
10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Moderate Republican Executive Commission
Cavaignac par A. Rousseau.JPG Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
(1802–1857)
28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Moderate Republican Himself
de facto
(Martial Law)
Odilon Barrot.jpg Odilon Barrot
(1791–1873)
1 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Party of Order Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
Napoleón III, 1865.jpg
(1848–1852)
2 Leg.
(1849)
No image.svg Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul
(1789–1865)
31 October 1849 24 January 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
24 January 1851 10 April 1851 (Bonapartist)
Léon Faucher.JPG Léon Faucher
(1803–1854)
10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
0 26 October 1851 2 December 1852 (Bonapartist)
1
2

Second French Empire (1852–1870)[edit]

Main article: Second French Empire

Cabinet Chiefs[edit]

Political parties

      Independent
      Bonapartist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon III)
3 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 (Bonapartist) I (1852) Napoleon III
Franz Xaver Winterhalter (workshop) Napoleon III.jpg
(1852–1870)
II (1857)
III (1863)
4 IV (1869)
Ministerpräsident Ollivier.JPG Émile Ollivier
(1825–1913)
2 January 1870 9 August 1870 Bonapartist
Montauban.png Charles Cousin-Montauban,
comte de Palikao

(1796–1878)
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Independent

French Third Republic (1870–1940)[edit]

President of the Government of National Defense[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
General Trochu.jpg Louis-Jules Trochu
(1815–1896)
4 September 1870 22 January 1871 Military None

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political Parties

      Independent
      Moderate Monarchist (Legitimist/Orleanist)
      Republican Left/Union of the Left
      Republican Union
      Radical-Socialist Party
      Democratic Republican Alliance
      Republican-Socialist Party
      French Section of the Workers' International

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
Jules Armand Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
1 19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Republican Left National Assembly (1871) Adolphe Thiers
Adolphe Thiers Nadar 2.JPG
(1871–1873)
2
Debrogli.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
1 25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Moderate Monarchist Patrice de Mac Mahon
Patrice de MacMahon crop.jpg
(1873–1879)
2
Cissey.jpg Ernest Courtot de Cissey
(1810–1882)
22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Moderate Monarchist
Buffet.jpg Louis Buffet
(1818–1898)
10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Moderate Monarchist
Jules Armand Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
3 23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Republican Left
4
Jules Simon 2.jpg Jules Simon
(1814–1896)
12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Republican Left I (1876)
Debrogli.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
3 17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Moderate Monarchist
Rochebouët.jpg Gaëtan de Rochebouët
(1813–1899)
23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Moderate Monarchist II (1877)
Jules Armand Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
5 13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Republican Left
Waddington.jpg William Waddington
(1826–1894)
4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Republican Left Jules Grévy
Bonnat Portrait of Jules Grevy cropped.jpg
(1879–1887)
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
1 28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Republican Union
Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
1 23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Republican Left
Léon Gambetta 1870 Nadar.jpg Léon Gambetta
(1838–1882)
14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Republican Union III (1881)
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
2 30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Republican Union
Duclerc.jpg Charles Duclerc
(1812–1888)
7 August 1882 29 January 1883 Republican Left
Armand Fallieres 2.jpg Armand Fallières
(1841–1931)
29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Republican Left
Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
2 21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Republican Left
Henri Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
1 6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Union of the Lefts
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
3 7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Union of the Lefts IV (1885)
Goblet.jpg René Goblet
(1828–1905)
16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Radical Republican
Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
1 30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Union of the Lefts
Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
1 12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Independent Marie François Sadi Carnot
Marie Francois Sadi Carnot.jpg
(1887–1894)
Floquet.jpg Charles Floquet
(1828–1896)
3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Union of the Lefts
Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
2 22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Independent
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
4 17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Union of the Lefts V (1889)
Emile Loubet.jpg Émile Loubet
(1838–1929)
27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Union of the Lefts
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
1 6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Union of the Lefts
2
Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
1 4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Union of the Lefts
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg Jean Casimir-Perier
(1847–1907)
3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Union of the Lefts VI (1893)
Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
2 30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Union of the Lefts
3 Jean Casimir-Perier
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg
(1894–1895)
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
3 26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Union of the Lefts Félix Faure
Felix Faure.jpg
(1895–1899)
Bourgeoi.jpg Léon Bourgeois
(1851–1925)
1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical Republican
Meline.jpg Jules Méline
(1838–1925)
29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Union of the Lefts
Henri Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
2 28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Radical Republicans VII (1898)
Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
4 1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Union of the Lefts
5 Émile Loubet
Emile Loubet.jpg
(1899–1906)
Waldeck-Rousseau (Nadar).jpg Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
(1846–1904)
22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Republican Alliance
Émile Combes (1835–1921).jpg Émile Combes
(1835–1921)
7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical-Socialist Party
(Bloc des gauches)
VIII (1902)
Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
2 24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
3 Armand Fallières
Picture of Clément Armand Fallières.jpg
(1906–1913)
Sarrien.jpg Ferdinand Sarrien
(1840–1915)
12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical-Socialist Party
Clemenceau.jpg Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
1 25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Radical-Socialist Party IX (1906)
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
1 24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
2
Monis.jpg Ernest Monis
(1846–1929)
2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical-Socialist Party X (1910)
Caillaux.jpg Joseph Caillaux
(1863–1944)
27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical-Socialist Party
Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
1 21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Democratic Republican Party
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
3 21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
4 Raymond Poincaré
Raymond Poincaré 1914.jpg
(1913–1920)
Louis Barthou 01.jpg Louis Barthou
(1862–1934)
22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Democratic Republican Party
Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
1 9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical-Socialist Party
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
4 9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Democratic Republican Party XI (1914)
Viviani 1912.jpg René Viviani
(1863–1925)
1 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
2
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
5 29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
6
Alexandre Ribot 1913.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
5 20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Democratic Republican Party
Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
1 12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
Clemenceau.jpg Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
2 16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Radical-Socialist Party
Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg Alexandre Millerand
(1859–1943)
1 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 Independent
(National Bloc)
XII (1919)
2 Paul Deschanel
Paul Deschanel 01.jpg
(1920)
Georges Leygues 01.jpg Georges Leygues
(1857–1933)
24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Democratic Republican and Social Party
(National Bloc)
Alexandre Millerand
Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg
(1920–1924)
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
7 16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
2 15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Democratic Republican and Social Party
(National Bloc)
3
Frédéric François-Marsal 1920 (2).jpg Frédéric François-Marsal
(1874–1958)
8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Independent
(National Bloc)
XIII (1924)
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
1 15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Gaston Doumergue
Gaston Doumergue 1924 crop.jpg
(1924–1931)
Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
2 17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
3
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
8 28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
9
10
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
2 20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
4 23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
(National Union)
5
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
11 29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party XIV (1928)
André Tardieu 1928.jpg André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
1 2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
1 21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical-Socialist Party
André Tardieu 1928.jpg André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
2 2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
Théodore Steeg.jpg Théodore Steeg
(1868–1950)
13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical-Socialist Party
Laval 1931.jpg Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
1 27 January 1931 20 February 1932 Independent
(National Bloc)
2 Paul Doumer
Paul Doumer 1931.jpg
(1931–1932)
3
André Tardieu 1928.jpg André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
3 20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
Édouard Herriot 01.jpg Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
3 3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XV (1932) Albert Lebrun
Albert Lebrun 1932 (2).jpg
(1932–1940)
Joseph Paul-Boncour 1923.jpg Joseph Paul-Boncour
(1873–1972)
18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
1 31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Albert Sarraut.jpg Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
1 26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
2 26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
2 30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
Gaston Doumergue 2.jpg Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
2 9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Government of National Union)
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1914.jpg Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
1 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
Fernand Bouisson.jpg Fernand Bouisson
(1874–1959)
1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
Laval 1931.jpg Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
4 7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent
(National Bloc)
Albert Sarraut.jpg Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
2 24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical-Socialist Party
Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
1 4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
XVI (1936)
Chautemps 1925.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
3 22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical-Socialist Party
(Popular Front)
4
Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
2 13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
3 10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical-Socialist Party
4
5
Paul Reynaud 1933.jpg Paul Reynaud
(1878–1966)
21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance
Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg Philippe Pétain
(1856–1951)
16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Independent

French State (1940–1944)[edit]

Main article: Vichy France

Until 1942, Marshal Philippe Pétain served as Chief of State and nominal President of the Council of Ministers: the Vice-President of the Council of Ministers was the de facto head of government. From 1942, Pétain remained Chief of State, but Pierre Laval was named Chief of the Government.

Vice-Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

      Vichyist

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Chief of State
(Term)
Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
5 11 July 1940 13 December 1940 Independent None Philippe Pétain
Philippe Pétain (en civil, autour de 1930).jpg
(1940–1944)
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 1914.jpg Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
2 13 December 1940 9 February 1941 Independent
François Darlan 1942 USA-MTO-NWA-p266.jpg François Darlan
(1881–1942)
9 February 1941 18 April 1942
(Died in office)
Independent
Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
(as Chief of the Government)
6 18 April 1942 19 August 1944 Independent

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1946)[edit]

Chairmen of the Provisional Government[edit]

Political parties

      Independent
      French Section of the Workers' International
      Popular Republican Movement

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
De Gaulle-OWI.jpg Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
1 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent Provisional
2 I (1945)
Armoiries république française.svg Félix Gouin
(1884–1977)
26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
Georges Bidault.jpg Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
1 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement
(Tripartisme)
II (June 1946)
VincentAuriol.png Vincent Auriol
(1884–1966)
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
IV Rep.
I (Nov.1946)
Leon Blum, Meurisse, 1927.jpg Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
3 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)

French Fourth Republic (1946–1958)[edit]

Presidents of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Political parties

      French Section of the Workers' International
      Radical Party
      Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
      Popular Republican Movement
      National Centre of Independents and Peasants
      Union for the New Republic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
Paul Ramadier.jpg Paul Ramadier
(1888–1961)
1 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
I (Nov.1946) Vincent Auriol
VincentAuriol.png
(1947–1954)
2
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
1 24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
Armoiries république française.svg André Marie
(1897–1974)
24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Party
(Third Force)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
2 2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
1 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Party
(Third Force)
Georges Bidault.jpg Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
2 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
3
Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
2 2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Party
(Third Force)
Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven
(1901–1993)
1 12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
Henri Queuille 1929.jpg Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
3 10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Party
(Third Force)
Rene Pleven.jpg René Pleven
(1901–1993)
2 11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
II (1951)
Edgar Faure.jpg Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
1 20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Party
Antoine Pinay 1955b.jpg Antoine Pinay
(1891–1994)
8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
Rene Mayer.jpg René Mayer
(1895–1972)
8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Party
Joseph Laniel.PNG Joseph Laniel
(1889–1975)
1 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
2 René Coty
René Coty-1929.jpg
(1954–1959)
Pierre Mendès-France 1932.jpg Pierre Mendès France
(1907–1982)
19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Party
Christian Pineau.jpg Christian Pineau
(1904–1995)
(acting)
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
Edgar Faure.jpg Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
2 23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
Guy Mollet Archief.PNG Guy Mollet
(1905–1975)
1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International
(Republican Front)
III (1956)
Bourgès-Maunoury small.jpg Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
(1914–1993)
13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
Armoiries république française.svg Félix Gaillard
(1919–1970)
6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
Pierre Pflimlin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 1975.jpg Pierre Pflimlin
(1907–2000)
14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
3 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

French Fifth Republic (1958–present)[edit]

Main article: French Fifth Republic

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Prime Ministers[edit]

Political parties

      Independent
      Gaullist (UDR/UNR/RPR)
      Liberal-centrist (PR/UDF)
      Socialist
      Neo-gaullist (UMP/LR)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
Michel Debré.jpg Michel Debré
(1912–1996)
8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I (1958) Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg
(1959–1969)
Georges.Pompidou (cropped).jpg Georges Pompidou
(1911–1974)
1 14 April 1962 7 December 1962 Union for the New Republic
2 7 December 1962 8 January 1966 II (1962)
3 8 January 1966 1 April 1967
4 5 April 1967 10 July 1968 III (1967)
Maurice Couve de Murville.jpg Maurice Couve de Murville
(1907–1999)
10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic IV (1968)
Jacques Chaban-Delmas-1.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas
(1915–2000)
20 June 1969 6 July 1972 Union of Democrats for the Republic Georges Pompidou
Georges.Pompidou (cropped).jpg
(1969–1974)
Pierre Messmer01.JPG Pierre Messmer
(1916–2007)
1 6 July 1972 5 April 1973 Union of Democrats for the Republic
2 5 April 1973 1 March 1974 V (1973)
3 1 March 1974 27 May 1974
Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
1 27 May 1974 26 August 1976 Union of Democrats for the Republic Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d’Estaing 1978.jpg
(1974–1981)
Raymond Barre 1977-3.jpg Raymond Barre
(1924–2007)
1 26 August 1976 29 March 1977 Independent
(Union for French Democracy)
2 29 March 1977 31 March 1978
3 31 March 1978 21 May 1981 VI (1978)
Pierre Mauroy 1990.jpg Pierre Mauroy
(1928–2013)
1 21 May 1981 23 June 1981 Socialist Party
(Union of the Left)
François Mitterrand
Reagan Mitterrand 1984 (cropped).jpg
(1981–1995)
2 23 June 1981 23 March 1983 VII (1981)
3 23 March 1983 17 July 1984
Laurent Fabius - Royal & Zapatero's meeting in Toulouse for the 2007 French presidential election 0538 2007-04-19.jpg Laurent Fabius
(1946–)
17 July 1984 20 March 1986 Socialist Party
Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
2 20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII (1986)
Michel Rocard16.JPG Michel Rocard
(1930–2016)
1 10 May 1988 22 June 1988 Socialist Party
2 23 June 1988 15 May 1991 IX (1988)
Edith Cresson2.png Édith Cresson
(1934–)
15 May 1991 2 April 1992 Socialist Party
Pierre Beregovoy.jpg Pierre Bérégovoy
(1925–1993)
2 April 1992 29 March 1993 Socialist Party
Edouard Balladur-1-crop2.png Édouard Balladur
(1930–)
29 March 1993 18 May 1995 Rally for the Republic
(Union for France)
X (1993)
Alain Juppé in Washington DC.jpg Alain Juppé
(1945–)
1 18 May 1995 7 November 1995 Rally for the Republic
(Union for France)
Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac.jpg
(1995–2007)
2 7 November 1995 3 June 1997
Lionel Jospin 2008.jpg Lionel Jospin
(1937–)
3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party
(Plural Left)
XI (1997)
Jean-Pierre Raffarin par Claude Truong-Ngoc 2013.jpg Jean-Pierre Raffarin
(1948–)
1 7 May 2002 17 June 2002 Liberal Democracy
then Union for a Popular Movement
2 17 June 2002 30 March 2004 XII (2002)
3 31 March 2004 31 May 2005
Launch Republique Solidaire 2010-06-19 n05.jpg Dominique de Villepin
(1953–)
31 May 2005 17 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
François Fillon 2010.jpg François Fillon
(1954–)
1 17 May 2007 18 June 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
(Committee of the Majority)
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy - Sarkozy meeting in Toulouse for the 2007 French presidential election 0299 2007-04-12 cropped further.jpg
(2007–2012)
2 19 June 2007 13 November 2010 XIII (2007)
3 14 November 2010 16 May 2012
Jean-Marc Ayrault-meeting Hollande.jpg Jean-Marc Ayrault
(1950–)
1 16 May 2012 18 June 2012 Socialist Party François Hollande
Francois Hollande 2015.jpeg
(2012– )
2 18 June 2012 31 March 2014 XIV (2012)
Valls Toulouse 2012.JPG Manuel Valls
(1962–)
1 31 March 2014 25 August 2014 Socialist Party
2 25 August 2014 Incumbent

Timeline since 1959[edit]

Manuel Valls Jean-Marc Ayrault François Fillon Dominique de Villepin Jean-Pierre Raffarin Lionel Jospin Alain Juppé Edouard Balladur Pierre Bérégovoy Edith Cresson Michel Rocard Jacques Chirac Laurent Fabius Pierre Mauroy Raymond Barre Jacques Chirac Pierre Messmer Jacques Chaban-Delmas Maurice Couve de Murville Georges Pompidou Michel Debré

See also[edit]

External links[edit]