List of Prime Ministers of Iran

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Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Iranian Prime Minister.

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Iran from the creation of the office in 1906 during the Persian Constitutional Revolution, until 1989 when the post was abolished after the constitutional referendum. Prime Minister was the head of government of Iran.

After the Constitutional Revolution, Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh was the first and Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Prime Minister of Iran. Before the Constitutional Revolution, the head of government was called Grand Vizier (Sadr-e A'zam or Vazir-e A'zam).

Colour key
(for political parties)

List[edit]

Name Portrait Birth–Death Entered office Left office Political party Head of State
(Reign / Term)
State Flag of Iran (1924).svgSublime State of Persia (1907–1925) • Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg
1 Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh
Grand Vizier
NKMOD.jpg 1840–1907 1 August 1906 7 March 1907 Independent Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar
Mozaffar-ed-Din Shah Qajar - 1.jpg
(1896–1907)
Moshir al-Dowleh held the office at the time of death of Mozaffar al-Din Shah and accession of Mohammad Ali Shah, on 3 January 1907. Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg
(1907–1909)
2 Soltan-Ali Vazir-e Afkham
Interior Minister and Head of Cabinet
Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 17 March 1907 29 April 1907 Independent
3 Ali-Asghar Khan Atabak Atabak.jpg 1858–1907 4 May 1907 31 August 1907
(assassinated)
Independent
4 Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 16 September 1907 27 October 1907 Independent
5 Abolqasem Naser al-Molk Naserolmolk2.jpg 27 October 1907 21 December 1907 Independent
6 Hossein-Qoli Nezam al-Saltaneh Mafi Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 21 December 1907 21 May 1908 Independent
(4) Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 7 June 1908 29 April 1909 Independent
7 Kamran Mirza Nayeb al-Saltaneh Kamran Mirza.jpg 1856–1929 29 April 1909 2 May 1909 Independent
8 Javad Sa'd al-Dowleh Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 8 May 1909 13 July 1909
(deposed)
Independent
Temporary Cabinet without a Prime Minister
(Appointed by Supreme Council of Politicians and Clergymen)
17 July 1909 30 September 1909 Ahmad Shah Qajar
AhmadShahQajar2.jpg
(1909–1925)
9 Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(1st Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1848–1926 30 September 1909 25 July 1910 Independent
10 Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(1st Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 25 July 1910 12 March 1911 Independent
(9) Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(2nd Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1848–1926 12 March 1911 26 July 1911 Moderate Socialists
11 Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
Samsam Saltaneh.jpg 1846–1930 1911 1913 Independent
12 Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
(1st Term)
Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 1867–1914 18 January 1913 16 August 1913 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(2nd Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 17 August 1913 14 March 1915 Independent
13 Hassan Pirnia
(1st Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 14 March 1915 1 May 1915 Independent
14 Abdol Majid Mirza
(1st Term)
Ein-oddole.jpg 1845–1927 1 May 1915 18 August 1915 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(3rd Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 18 August 1915 24 December 1915 Independent
15 Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma Farmanfarma.jpg 1857–1939 24 December 1915 29 February 1916 Independent
(9) Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
(3rd Term)
Sepahsalar-e Azam-e Tonekaboni.jpg 1848–1926 5 March 1916 29 August 1916 Moderate Socialists
16 Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
(1st Term)
Vosoogh.jpg 1873–1950 29 August 1916 5 June 1917 Independent
(12) Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg 1867–1914 5 June 1917 21 November 1917 Independent
(14) Abdol Majid Mirza
(2nd Term)
Ein-oddole.jpg 1845–1927 21 November 1917 16 January 1918 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(4th Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 1918 1918 Independent
(11) Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
(2nd Term)
Samsam Saltaneh.jpg 1846–1930 1 May 1918 8 August 1918 Independent
(16) Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
(2nd Term)
Vosoogh.jpg 1873–1950 8 August 1918 3 July 1920 Independent
(13) Hassan Pirnia
(2nd Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 3 July 1920 27 October 1920 Independent
17 Fathollah Khan Akbar Sepahdar.jpg 1878–1967 27 October 1920 22 February 1921
(deposed)
Independent
18 Zia'eddin Tabatabaee SeyyedZiaTabatabai.jpg 1888–1969 24 February 1921 4 June 1921 Independent
19 Ahmad Qavam
(1st Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1873–1955 4 June 1921 21 January 1922 Independent
(13) Hassan Pirnia
(3rd Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 21 January 1922 22 June 1922 Independent
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(2nd Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1873–1955 22 June 1922 15 February 1923 Independent
(10) Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
(5th Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 15 February 1923 15 June 1923 Independent
(13) Hassan Pirnia
(4th Term)
Hassan Pirnia.jpg 1871–1935 15 June 1923 26 October 1923 Independent
20 Reza Khan Sardar Sepah Reza shahpahlavi.jpg 1878–1944 26 October 1923 12 December 1925 Military
State Flag of Iran (1964-1980).svgImperial State of Iran (1925–1979) • Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
21 Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(1st Term)
Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg 1877–1943 12 December 1925 13 June 1926 Revival Party Reza Shah
Reza shahpahlavi.jpg
(1925–1941)
(10) Hassan Mostowfi
(6th Term)
Mostowfi.jpg 1875–1932 13 June 1926 2 June 1927 Revival Party
22 Mehdi Hedayat Hedayat mehdiqoli.jpg 1864–1955 2 June 1927 18 September 1933 Revival Party
(21) Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(2nd Term)
Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg 1877–1943 18 September 1933 3 December 1935 Revival Party
23 Mahmoud Jam Mahmud jam.jpg 1880–1969 3 December 1935 26 October 1939 Independent
24 Ahmad Matin-Daftari Ahmad matin daftari.jpg 1896–1971 26 October 1939 26 June 1940 Independent
25 Ali Mansur
(1st Term)
Mansorolmolk.jpg 1886–1974 26 June 1940 27 August 1941
(resigned)
Independent
(21) Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
(3rd Term)
Mohammad Ali Foroughi.jpg 1877–1943 27 August 1941 9 March 1942 Independent Mohammad Reza Shah
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.jpg
(1941–1979)
26 Ali Soheili
(1st Term)
Portrait of Ali Soheili.jpg 1896–1958 9 March 1942 9 August 1942 Independent
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(3rd Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1873–1955 9 August 1942 15 February 1943 Independent
(26) Ali Soheili
(2nd Term)
Portrait of Ali Soheili.jpg 1896–1958 15 February 1943 6 April 1944 Independent
27 Mohammad Sa'ed
(1st Term)
Portrait of Mohammad Sa'ed.jpg 1881–1973 6 April 1944 25 November 1944 Independent
28 Morteza-Qoli Bayat Morteza-Qoli Bayat.jpg 1890–1958 25 November 1944 13 May 1945 Independent
29 Ebrahim Hakimi
(1st Term)
Ebrahim Hakimi.jpg 1863–1959 13 May 1945 6 June 1945 Independent
30 Mohsen Sadr Sadr ul ashraf.jpg 1866–1962 6 June 1945 30 October 1945 Independent
(29) Ebrahim Hakimi
(2nd Term)
Ebrahim Hakimi.jpg 1863–1959 30 October 1945 28 January 1946 Independent
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(4th Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1873–1955 28 January 1946 18 December 1947 Democratic Party of Iran
31 Mohammad-Reza Hekmat Hekmat sardar fakher.jpg 1891–1978 18 December 1947 29 December 1947 Independent
(29) Ebrahim Hakimi
(3rd Term)
Ebrahim Hakimi.jpg 1871–1959 29 December 1947 13 June 1948 Independent
32 Abdolhossein Hazhir Hazhir.jpg 1902–1949 13 June 1948 9 November 1948 Independent
(27) Mohammad Sa'ed
(2nd Term)
Portrait of Mohammad Sa'ed.jpg 1881–1973 9 November 1948 23 March 1950 Independent
(25) Ali Mansur
(2nd Term)
Mansorolmolk.jpg 1886–1974 23 March 1950 26 June 1950 Independent
33 Ali Razmara Ali-razmarapic.jpg 1901–1951 26 June 1950 7 March 1951
(assassinated)
Military
Khalil Fahimi
Acting Prime Minister
Lion and Sun (Pahlavi Dynasty).svg 1876–1953 7 March 1951 12 March 1951 Independent
34 Hossein Ala'
(1st Term)
Hossein Ala'.jpg 1882–1964 12 March 1951 30 April 1951 Independent
35 Mohammad Mosaddegh
(1st Term)
Dr.Mohammad Mosaddeq.jpg 1882–1967 30 April 1951 17 July 1952 National Front
(19) Ahmad Qavam
(5th Term)
AhmadGhavam2.jpg 1873–1955 17 July 1952 22 July 1952 Democratic Party of Iran
(35) Mohammad Mosaddegh
(2nd Term)
Dr.Mohammad Mosaddeq.jpg 1882–1967 22 July 1952 19 August 1953
(deposed)
National Front
36 Fazlollah Zahedi Fazlollah zahedi.jpg 1897–1963 19 August 1953 7 April 1955 Military
(34) Hossein Ala'
(2nd Term)
Hossein Ala'.jpg 1882–1964 7 April 1955 3 April 1957 Independent
37 Manouchehr Eghbal Manuchehr Eghbal.jpg 1909–1977 3 April 1957 31 August 1960 Nationalists' Party
38 Jafar Sharif-Emami
(1st Term)
Jafar Sharif-Emami.jpg 1910–1998 31 August 1960 5 May 1961 Independent
39 Ali Amini Aliamini.jpg 1905–1992 5 May 1961 19 July 1962 Independent
40 Asadollah Alam Portrait of Asadollah Alam.jpg 1919–1978 19 July 1962 7 March 1964 People's Party
41 Hassan-Ali Mansur Hassan Ali Mansur.jpg 1923–1965 7 March 1964 26 January 1965
(assassinated)
New Iran Party
42 Amir-Abbas Hoveyda Hoveyda.jpg 1919–1979 26 January 1965 7 August 1977 New Iran Party
(until 1975)
(42) Rastakhiz Party
43 Jamshid Amouzegar Jamshid Amouzegar Speech - Jan 1978.jpg 1923–2016 7 August 1977 27 August 1978 Rastakhiz Party
(38) Jafar Sharif-Emami
(2nd Term)
Jafar Sharif-Emami.jpg 1910–1998 27 August 1978 6 November 1978 Rastakhiz Party
(until 1 November)
(38) Independent
44 Gholam-Reza Azhari Azhari.jpg 1912–2001 6 November 1978 4 January 1979 Military
45 Shapour Bakhtiar Shapourbakhtiar.gif 1914–1991 4 January 1979 11 February 1979
(deposed)
Independent
Flag of Iran.svgIslamic Republic of Iran (1979–present) • Emblem of Iran.svg
46 Mehdi Bazargan Mehdi Bazargan 1979.jpg 1907–1995 4 February 1979 6 November 1979
(resigned)
Freedom Movement of Iran Ruhollah Khomeini
Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini By Mohammad Sayyad.jpg
(1979–1989)
Council of the Islamic Revolution
(Leader: Abolhassan Banisadr)
6 November 1979 12 August 1980
47 Mohammad-Ali Rajai Rjaee.jpg 1933–1981 12 August 1980 4 August 1981 Islamic Republican Party
48 Mohammad-Javad Bahonar Mohammad javad Bahonar.jpg 1933–1981 4 August 1981 30 August 1981
(assassinated)
Islamic Republican Party
Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
Acting Prime Minister
Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani.jpg 1931–2014 2 September 1981 31 October 1981 Combatant Clergy Association
49 Mir-Hossein Mousavi Mousavi Cropped 1360s.jpg 1942– 31 October 1981 14 August 1989 Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
(49) Independent
Post Abolished (since 14 August 1989)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dowlathā-ye Īrān : az Mīrzā Naṣr Allāh Khān Moshīr al-Dowleh tā Mīr Ḥuseyn Mūsavī : aʻz̤ā-ye kābīnehā, sharḥ-e ḥāl, ʻaks, nemūne-ye emz̤āʼ va dastkhaṭṭ-e nakhostvazīrān, vazīrān va moʻāvenīn-e nakhostvazīr : bar asās-e daftar-e s̲abt-e kābīnehā-ye nakhostvazīrī [The governments of Iran : From Mīrzā Naṣr Allāh Khān Moshīr al-Dowleh to Mīr Ḥuseyn Mūsavī : Members of cabinets, biographies, photos, signature samples and handwriting exemplars of prime ministers, ministers and deputy prime ministers : On the basis of the prime minister's office records] (in Persian). Tehrān: Sāzmān-e Chāp va Enteshārāt, Vezārat-e Farhang va Ershād-e Eslāmī. 1999. ISBN 978-964-422-147-7. 
  • Sepehr, Ahmad-Ali (1983–84). Iran dar jang-e bozorg (1914–1918) [Iran in the Great War (1914–1918)] (in Persian). Tehrān: Adib. 
  • Mir, Cyrus (1999). "FARMĀNFARMĀ, ʿABD-AL-ḤOSAYN MĪRZĀ". Encyclopaedia Iranica.  However, the birth year indicated there (1858) does not agree with his WorldCat entry and with his VIAF entry, both of which give 1857.