List of prime ministers of Iraq

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This is a list of prime ministers of Iraq since 1920.

List of officeholders[edit]

Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Term of office Political party Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Iraq (1924–1959).svgKingdom of Iraq (under the British Mandate) (1920–1932) • Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iraq.svg
1 Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani portrait.jpg Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
عبد الرحمن الكيلاني

(1841–1927)

11 November 1920 20 November 1922 2 years,

9 days

Independent Faisal I
1307109799 king-faisal-i-of-iraq-kopiya.jpg
(1921–1933)
2 Abdel Muhsin Al-Sa'dun.jpg Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
عبد المحسن السعدون

(1879–1929)

(1st time)

20 November 1922 22 November 1923 1 year,

2 days

Military
3 جعفر العسكري.jpg Jafar al-Askari
جعفر العسكري

(1887–1936)

(1st time)

22 November 1923 2 August 1924 254 days Military
4 Yasin Hashimi, 1927.jpg Yasin al-Hashimi
ياسين الهاشمي

(1882–1937)

(1st time)

2 August 1924 26 June 1925 328 days Military /
People's Party
(2) Abdel Muhsin Al-Sa'dun.jpg Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
عبد المحسن السعدون

(1879–1929)

(2nd time)

26 June 1925 21 November 1926 1 year,

147 days

Military /
Progressive Party
(3) جعفر العسكري.jpg Jafar al-Askari
جعفر العسكري

(1887–1936)

(2nd time)

21 November 1926 11 January 1928 1 year,

51 days

Military /
Covenant Party
(2) Abdel Muhsin Al-Sa'dun.jpg Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
عبد المحسن السعدون

(1879–1929)

(3rd time)

11 January 1928 28 April 1929 1 year,

108 days

Military /
Progressive Party
5 Tawfiq al-Suwaidi.jpg Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
توفيق السويدي

(1892–1968)

(1st time)

28 April 1929 19 September 1929 144 days Independent
(2) Abdel Muhsin Al-Sa'dun.jpg Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
عبد المحسن السعدون

(1879–1929)

(4th time)

19 September 1929 13 November 1929
(died in office)
55 days Military /
Progressive Party
6 Naji al-Suwaydi.jpg Naji al-Suwaydi
ناجي السويدي

(1882–1942)

18 November 1929 23 March 1930 125 days Independent
7 Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(1st time)

23 March 1930 3 November 1932 2 years,

224 days

Military /
Covenant Party
Flag of Iraq (1924–1959).svgKingdom of Iraq (1932–1958) • Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iraq.svg
8 Naji Shawkat.jpg Naji Shawkat
ناجي شوكت

(1893–1980)

3 November 1932 20 March 1933 137 days Independent Faisal I
1307109799 king-faisal-i-of-iraq-kopiya.jpg
(1921–1933)
9 Rashid Ali al-Gaylani.jpg Rashid Ali al-Gaylani
رشيد عالي الكيلاني

(1892–1965)

(1st time)

20 March 1933 9 November 1933 234 days Party of National Brotherhood
Ghazi I
Ghazi of Iraq.jpg
(1933–1939)
10 Jamil Al-Madfai.jpg Jamil al-Midfai
جميل المدفعي

(1890–1958)

(1st time)

9 November 1933 27 August 1934 291 days Military
11 Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi.jpg Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
علي جودت الأيوبي

(1886–1969)

(1st time)

27 August 1934 4 March 1935 189 days Military
(10) Jamil Al-Madfai.jpg Jamil al-Midfai
جميل المدفعي

(1890–1958)

(2nd time)

4 March 1935 17 March 1935 13 days Military
(4) Yasin Hashimi, 1927.jpg Yasin al-Hashimi
ياسين الهاشمي

(1882–1937)

(2nd time)

17 March 1935 30 October 1936 1 year,

226 days

Military /
Party of National Brotherhood
12 Hikmet Sulayman.jpg Hikmat Sulayman
حكمت سليمان

(1889–1964)

30 October 1936 17 August 1937 291 days Party of National Brotherhood
(10) Jamil Al-Madfai.jpg Jamil al-Midfai
جميل المدفعي

(1890–1958)

(3rd time)

17 August 1937 25 December 1938 1 year,

129 days

Military
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(2nd time)

25 December 1938 31 March 1940 1 year,

97 days

Military /
Covenant Party
Faisal II
Faisal II of Iraq.jpg
(1939–1958)
(9) Rashid Ali al-Gaylani.jpg Rashid Ali al-Gaylani
رشيد عالي الكيلاني

(1892–1965)

(2nd time)

31 March 1940 3 February 1941 309 days Party of National Brotherhood
13 Taha al-Hashimi.jpg Taha al-Hashimi
طه الهاشمي

(1888–1961)

3 February 1941 13 April 1941
(deposed)
69 days Military
(9) Rashid Ali al-Gaylani.jpg Rashid Ali al-Gaylani
رشيد عالي الكيلاني

(1892–1965) (3rd time)

13 April 1941 30 May 1941
(deposed)
47 days Party of National Brotherhood
(10) Jamil Al-Madfai.jpg Jamil al-Midfai
جميل المدفعي

(1890–1958)

(4th time)

4 June 1941 10 October 1941 128 days Military
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(3rd time)

10 October 1941 4 June 1944 2 years,

238 days

Military /
Covenant Party
14 Hamdi Al-Pachachi.jpg Hamdi al-Pachachi
حمدي البجاجي

(1886–1948)

4 June 1944 23 February 1946 1 year,

262 days

Independent
(5) Tawfiq al-Suwaidi.jpg Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
توفيق السويدي

(1892–1968)

(2nd time)

23 February 1946 1 June 1946 98 days Liberal Party
15 Arshad Al-Umari.jpg Arshad al-Umari
إرشاد العمري

(1888–1978)

(1st time)

1 June 1946 21 November 1946 173 days Independent
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(4th time)

21 November 1946 29 March 1947 128 days Military /
Constitutional Union Party
16 Sayyid Salih Jabr.jpg Salih Jabr
سيد صالح جبر

(1896–1957)

29 March 1947 29 January 1948 306 days Nation's Socialist Party
17 Sayyid Mohammad Al-Sadr.jpg Muhammad as-Sadr
سيد محمد الصدر

(1882–1956)

29 January 1948 26 June 1948 149 days Independent
18 Muzahim al-Pachachi.jpg Muzahim al-Pachachi
مزاجم البجاجي

(1891–1982)

26 June 1948 6 January 1949 194 days Independent
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(5th time)

6 January 1949 10 December 1949 338 days Military /
Constitutional Union Party
(11) Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi.jpg Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
علي جودت الأيوبي

(1886–1969)

(2nd time)

10 December 1949 5 February 1950 57 days Military
(5) Tawfiq al-Suwaidi.jpg Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
توفيق السويدي

(1892–1968)

(3rd time)

5 February 1950 15 September 1950 222 days Independent
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(6th time)

15 September 1950 12 July 1952 1 year,

300 days

Military /
Constitutional Union Party
19 Mustafa al-Umari.jpg Mustafa Mahmud al-Umari
مصطفى محمود العمري

(1894–1962)

12 July 1952 23 November 1952 134 days Independent
20 Nureddin Mahmud.jpg Nureddin Mahmud
نور الدين محمود

(1899–1981)

23 November 1952 29 January 1953 67 days Military
(10) Jamil Al-Madfai.jpg Jamil al-Midfai
جميل المدفعي

(1890–1958)

(5th time)

29 January 1953 17 September 1953 231 days Military
21 Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iraq.svg Muhammad Fadhel al-Jamali
محمد فاضل الجمالي

(1903–1997)

17 September 1953 29 April 1954 224 days Independent
(15) Arshad Al-Umari.jpg Arshad al-Umari
إرشاد العمري

(1888–1978)

(2nd time)

29 April 1954 4 August 1954 97 days Independent
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(7th time)

4 August 1954 20 June 1957 2 years,

304 days

Military /
Constitutional Union Party
(11) Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi.jpg Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi
علي جودت الأيوبي

(1886–1969)

(3rd time)

20 June 1957 15 December 1957 178 days Military /
United National Front
22 Abdul-Wahab Mirjan.jpg Abdul-Wahab Mirjan
عبد الوهاب مرجان

(1909–1964)

15 December 1957 3 March 1958 78 days Independent
(7) Nouri Al-Saeed, 1950s.jpg Nuri as-Said
نوري السعيد

(1888–1958)

(8th time)

3 March 1958 18 May 1958 76 days Military /
Constitutional Union Party
23 Ahmad Mukhtar Baban.jpg Ahmad Mukhtar Baban
أحمد مختار بابان

(1900–1976)

18 May 1958 14 July 1958
(deposed)
57 days Independent
Flag of Iraq (1959–1963).svg Flag of Iraq (1963–1991); Flag of Syria (1963–1972).svgIraqi Republic (pre–Ba'ath Party) (1958–1968) • Emblem of Iraq (1959-1965).svg Coat of arms of Iraq (1965-1991).svg
24 عبد الكريم قاسم.jpg Abd al-Karim Qasim
عبد الكريم قاسم

(1914–1963)

14 July 1958 8 February 1963
(deposed)
4 years,

207 days

Military Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i
الربيعي.jpg
(1958–1963)
25 Ahmad Hassan el Bakr.jpg Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
أحمد حسن البكر

(1914–1982)

(1st time)

8 February 1963 18 November 1963
(deposed)
283 days Military /
Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Abdul Salam Arif
President Abd al-Salam Arif.jpg
(1963–1966)
26 Tahir Yahya 1.jpg Tahir Yahya
طاهر يحيى

(1915–1986)

(1st time)

20 November 1963 6 September 1965 1 year,

290 days

Military /
Arab Socialist Union
27 Aref Abdel-Razzaq.jpg Arif Abd ar-Razzaq
عارف عبد الرزاق

(1921–2007)

6 September 1965 21 September 1965 15 days Military /
Arab Socialist Union
28 Arif Abd ar-Razzaq.jpg Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz
عبد الرحمن البزاز

(1913–1973)

21 September 1965 9 August 1966 322 days Arab Socialist Union
29 Naji Talib.jpg Naji Talib
ناجي طالب

(1917–2012)

9 August 1966 10 May 1967 274 days Military Abdul Rahman Arif
Abdel-Rahman Aref.jpg
(1966–1968)
30 Abdel-Rahman Aref.jpg Abdul Rahman Arif
عبد الرحمن عارف

(1916–2007)

10 May 1967 10 July 1967 61 days Military /
Arab Socialist Union
(26) Tahir Yahya 1.jpg Tahir Yahya
طاهر يحيى

(1915–1986)

(2nd time)

10 July 1967 17 July 1968
(deposed)
1 year,

7 days

Military /
Arab Socialist Union
Flag of Iraq (1963–1991); Flag of Syria (1963–1972).svg Flag of Iraq (1991–2004).svgIraqi Republic (under Ba'ath Party) (1968–2003) • Coat of arms of Iraq (1965-1991).svg Coat of arms of Iraq (1991–2004).svg
31 Abd ar-Razzaq an-Naif
عبد الرزاق النايف

(1933–1978)

17 July 1968 30 July 1968 13 days Military Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Ahmad Hassan el Bakr.jpg
(1968–1979)
(25) Ahmad Hassan el Bakr.jpg Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
أحمد حسن البكر

(1914–1982)

(2nd time)

31 July 1968 16 July 1979 10 years,

350 days

Military /
Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
32 Saddam Hussein in 1998.png Saddam Hussein
صدام حسين

(1937–2006)

(1st time)

16 July 1979 23 March 1991 11 years,

250 days

Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein in 1998.png
(1979–2003)
33 Sa'dun Hammadi (cropped).jpg Sa'dun Hammadi
سعدون حمادي

(1930–2007)

23 March 1991 13 September 1991 174 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
34 Mohammad Hamza al-Zubaidi
محمد حمزة الزبيدي

(1939–2005)

16 September 1991 5 September 1993 1 year,

354 days

Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
35 Ahmed Hussain Khudayir Al-Samarrai.png Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
أحمد حسين خضير السامرائي

(1941–)

5 September 1993 29 May 1994 266 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
(32) Saddam Hussein in 1998.png Saddam Hussein
صدام حسين

(1937–2006)

(2nd time)

29 May 1994 9 April 2003
(deposed)
8 years,

315 days

Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Flag of Iraq (1991–2004).svgIraqi Governing Council (2003–2004) • Coat of arms of Iraq (1991–2004).svg
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg Mohammad Bahr al-Ulloum
محمد بحر العلوم

(1927–2015) (1st time)
Acting Prime Minister

13 July 2003 31 July 2003 18 days Independent Coalition Provisional Authority
Seal of the Coalition Provisional Authority Iraq.svg
(2003–2004)
36 Ibrahim al-Jaafari 2014.jpg Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري

(1947–)

(1st time)

1 August 2003 31 August 2003 30 days Islamic Dawa Party
37 Chalabi.jpg Ahmed al-Chalabi
أحمد جلبي

(1944–2015)

1 September 2003 30 September 2003 30 days Iraqi National Congress
38 Allawi8.jpg Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي

(1944–)

(1st time)

1 October 2003 31 October 2003 31 days Iraqi National Accord
39 Jalal Talabani.jpg Jalal Talabani
جلال طلباني

(1933–2017)

1 November 2003 30 November 2003 30 days Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
40 Abdul Aziz al-Hakim 2004-Jan-20.jpg Abdul Aziz al-Hakim
عبد العزيز الحكيم

(1950–2009)

1 December 2003 31 December 2003 31 days Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq
41 Adnan Pachachi.jpg Adnan al-Pachachi
عدنان بجاجي

(1923–2019)

1 January 2004 31 January 2004 31 days Assembly of Independent Democrats
42 Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg Mohsen Abdel Hamid
محسن عبد الحميد

(1937–)

1 February 2004 29 February 2004 29 days Iraqi Islamic Party
43 Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg Mohammad Bahr al-Ulloum
محمد بحر العلوم

(1927–2015) (2nd time)

1 March 2004 31 March 2004 31 days Independent
44 Mesud Barzani.jpg Massoud Barzani
مسعود برزاني

(1946–)

1 April 2004 30 April 2004 30 days Kurdistan Democratic Party
45 Izzedine.jpg Ezzedine Salim
عز الدين سليم

(1943–2004)

1 May 2004 17 May 2004
(died in office)
16 days Islamic Dawa Party
46 Ghazi al Jawar.jpg Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور

(1958–)

17 May 2004 1 June 2004 15 days Independent
Flag of Iraq.svgRepublic of Iraq (2004–present) • Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg
(38) Ayad Allawi.jpg Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي

(1944–) (2nd time)

1 June 2004 3 May 2005 336 days Iraqi National Accord Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer 2004-06-01.jpg
(2004–2005)
(36) Ibrahim al-Jaafari portrait.jpg Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري

(1947–) (2nd time)

3 May 2005 20 May 2006 1 year,

17 days

Islamic Dawa Party Jalal Talabani
Meetings of Presidents participated in Nowruz with Ali Khamenei - Tehran, Iran (Cropped on Talabani).jpg
(2005–2014)
47 Portrait of Nouri al-Maliki.jpg Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي

(1950–)

20 May 2006 8 September 2014 8 years, 111 days Islamic Dawa Party
Fuad Masum
Fuad Masum 2014.jpg
(2014–2018)
48 Haider al-Abadi portrait.jpg Haider al-Abadi
حيدر العبادي

(1952–)

8 September 2014 25 October 2018 4 years, 47 days Victory Alliance
Barham Salih
Barham Salih portrait.jpg
(2018–present)
49 Adil Abdul-Mahdi portrait.jpg Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي

(1942–)

25 October 2018 1 December 2019 1 year, 37 days Independent

See also[edit]