List of Prime Ministers of Israel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Israel since the adoption of the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948.

Prime Ministers of Israel (1948–present)[edit]

Colour key
Mapai/Alignment/Labor Likud Kadima

A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an Interim Prime Minister. The other two who have served as Interim Prime Minister have gone on to become the Prime Minister.

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Political Party Term of Office Elected
(Knesset)
Government
No. Composition
1 David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן

(1886–1973)

Ben-Gurion.jpg Mapai 14 May 1948 10 March 1949 Prov. MapaiMapamHHaMNew AliyahS&OMizrachiGen.ZionistsAgudat
10 March 1949 1 November 1950 1949 (1st) 1st MapaiURFProgressiveS&ODLN
1 November 1950 8 October 1951 2nd
8 October 1951 24 December 1952 1951 (2nd) 3rd MapaiMizrachiHHaM-AY-PAYDLIA-P&W-A&D
24 December 1952 26 January 1954 4th MapaiGen.ZionistsProgressiveMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
2 Moshe Sharett
משֶׁה שָרֵת

(1894–1965)

Moshe Sharett (1948).jpg Mapai 26 January 1954 29 June 1955 5th
29 June 1955 3 November 1955 6th MapaiMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
(1) David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן

(1886–1973)

Ben-Gurion.jpg Mapai 3 November 1955 7 January 1958 1955 (3rd) 7th MapaiNRPMapamAHaAProgressiveDLIA-P&W-A&DP&D-C&B[9]
7 January 1958 17 December 1959 8th
17 December 1959 2 November 1961 1959 (4th) 9th
2 November 1961 26 June 1963 1961 (5th) 10th MapaiNRPAHaAPAYP&D-C&B
3 Levi Eshkol
לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל

(1895–1969)

Levi Eshko portrait 1964.jpg Mapai 26 June 1963 22 December 1964 11th
22 December 1964 12 January 1966 12th
Alignment[1]
Mapai/Labor
12 January 1966 26 February 1969[2] 1965 (6th) 13th AlignmentNRPMapamIndep.LiberalsPAYP&D-C&BGahal[9]Rafi[9]
Yigal Allon (acting)
יִגְאָל אַלּוֹן

(1918–1980)

Yigal Allon.jpg Alignment
Labor
26 February 1969[2] 17 March 1969
4 Golda Meir
גּוֹלְדָּה מֵאִיר

(1898–1978)

Golda Meir 03265u.jpg Alignment
Labor
17 March 1969 15 December 1969 14th
15 December 1969 10 March 1974 1969 (7th) 15th AlignmentGahal[9]NRPIndep.LiberalsP&D-C&B
10 March 1974 3 June 1974 1973 (8th) 16th AlignmentNRPIndep.Liberals
5 Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין

(1922–1995)

Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Life of Lt. Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, 7th IDF Chief of Staff in photos (11).jpg Alignment
Labor
3 June 1974 22 April 1977 unofficial

20 June 1977 official[3]

17th AlignmentIndep.LiberalsRatz[9]NRP[9]
Shimon Peres (unofficial acting)
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)

Shimon peres wjc 90126.jpg Alignment
Labor
[3]
22 April 1977
20 June 1977 17th AlignmentIndep.LiberalsRatz[9]NRP[9]
6 Menachem Begin
מְנַחֵם בֵּגִין

(1913–1992)

Menachem Begin, Andrews AFB, 1978.JPG Likud 20 June 1977 5 August 1981 1977 (9th) 18th LikudNRPAgudatDash[9]
5 August 1981 10 October 1983 1981 (10th) 19th LikudNRPAgudatTamiTelem/MRSZ[9]Tehiya[9]
7 Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

(1915–2012)

Yitzhak Shamir.jpg Likud 10 October 1983 13 September 1984 20th
8 Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)

Shimon peres wjc 90126.jpg Alignment
Labor
13 September 1984[4] 20 October 1986 1984 (11th) 21st AlignmentLikudNRPAgudatShasMorasha[9]ShinuiOmetz
(7) Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

(1915–2012)

Yitzhak Shamir.jpg Likud 20 October 1986[4] 22 December 1988 22nd
22 December 1988 11 June 1990 1988 (12th) 23rd LikudAlignmentNRPShasAgudatDegel HaTorah
11 June 1990 13 July 1992 24th LikudNRPShasAgudatDegel HaTorahNew LiberalTehiyaTzometMoledetUPIGeulat
(5) Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין

(1922–1995)

Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Life of Lt. Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, 7th IDF Chief of Staff in photos (11).jpg Labor 13 July 1992 4 November 1995[5] 1992 (13th) 25th LaborMeretzShas[9]Yiud[9]
(8) Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)

Shimon peres wjc 90126.jpg Labor (acting, 4 Nov. 1995)[5]
22 November 1995
18 June 1996 26th
9 Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ

(1949–)

Benjamin Netanyahu 2012.jpg Likud 18 June 1996 6 July 1999 1996 14th 27th Likud-Gesher-TzometShasNRPBaAliyahUTJThird Way
10 Ehud Barak
אֵהוּד בָּרָק

(1942–)

Ehud Barak at Pentagon, 11-2009.jpg One Israel
Labor
6 July 1999 7 March 2001 1999 15th 28th One IsraelShasMeretzBaAliyahCentreNRPUTJ[9]


11
Ariel Sharon
אֲרִיאֵל שָׁרוֹן

(1928–2014)

Ariel Sharon, by Jim Wallace (Smithsonian Institution).jpg Likud 7 March 2001 28 February 2003 2001 29th LikudLabor-Meimad[9]Shas[9]CentreNRPUTJBaAliyahNU-BeiteinuNew WayGesher
28 February 2003 21 November 2005 2003 (16th) 30th LikudShinui[9]NU[9]NRP[9]Labor-MeimadAgudat[9]
Kadima 21 November 2005 (4 Jan. 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
KadimaLikud[9]Agudat
12 Ehud Olmert
אֵהוּד אוֹלְמֶרט

(1945–)

Ehud Olmert 2007Feb19.jpg Kadima (acting, 4 Jan. 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
4 May 2006
4 May 2006 31 March 2009[8] 2006 (17th) 31st KadimaLaborShasGilBeiteinu[9]
(9) Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ

(1949–)

Benjamin Netanyahu 2012.jpg Likud 31 March 2009 18 March 2013 2009 (18th) 32nd LikudBeiteinuShasLabor/Indep.[9]Jewish HomeUTJ[9]
18 March 2013 6 May 2015 2013 (19th) 33rd LikudYesh AtidThe Jewish HomeYisrael BeiteinuHatnuah
6 May 2015 Incumbent 2015 (20th) 34th LikudKulanuThe Jewish HomeShasUTJYisrael Beiteinu
Emblem of Israel.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Israel

Notes[edit]

1 For the 1965 elections, Mapai allied with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labor Alignment, later renamed Alignment. This first Alignment ended when Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi merged to form the Labor Party on 23 January 1968. On 28 January 1969, Labor formed a second Alignment in alliance with Mapam.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as Acting Prime Minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but legally remained Prime Minister until Begin's first government was formed. However, Shimon Peres unofficially served as Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 until 21 June 1977.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of Prime Minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as Prime Minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as Acting Prime Minister until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, Prime Minister Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה בפועל‎‎) from 4 January[1] to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Government 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister for the remainder of the 30th government, finally becoming full Prime Minister on the formation of the 31st government.[2]

8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this, his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "Interim" Prime Minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the Prime Minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case).[3]

9 The following parties were members of a government during only part of its term:

Term of office in years[edit]

  1. David Ben-Gurion: 13 years and 112 days (first term: 5 years and 258 days; second term: 7 years and 229 days)
  2. Benjamin Netanyahu: Incumbent - 10 years, 196 days as of 25 September 2016 (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second and current term: 7 years, 178 days)
    If Netanyahu is still Prime Minister on July 4, 2019, he will tie Ben-Gurion to become the longest serving Prime Minister in Israel's history. He will break that record for himself one day later on July 5, 2019.
  3. Yitzhak Shamir: 6 years and 242 days (first term: 339 days; second term: 5 years and 268 days)
  4. Yitzhak Rabin: 6 years and 132 days (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second term: 3 years and 114 days)
  5. Menachem Begin: 6 years and 113 days
  6. Levi Eshkol: 5 years and 247 days
  7. Ariel Sharon: 5 years and 39 days (Including a 100 days period of "temporary incapacitation" wherein the Prime minister's authorities were delegated to the Designated Acting Prime Minister)
  8. Golda Meir: 5 years and 19 days
  9. Ehud Olmert: 2 years and 351 days (In addition, served as Acting Prime Minister, wherein the Prime Minister's authorities were delegated to him)
  10. Shimon Peres: 2 years and 264 days (first term: 2 years and 37 days; second term: 227 days)
  11. Moshe Sharett: 1 year and 281 days
  12. Ehud Barak: 1 year and 245 days
  13. Yigal Allon: 19 days (interim)

This is a graphical lifespan timeline of Prime Ministers of Israel. The prime ministers are listed in order of office.

Ehud Olmert Ariel Sharon Ehud Barak Benjamin Netanyahu Shimon Peres Yitzhak Shamir Menachem Begin Yitzhak Rabin Golda Meir Levi Eshkol Moshe Sharett David Ben-Gurion

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Knesset, Governments of Israel
  2. ^ Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001
  3. ^ Mazal Mualem, Shahar Ilan, Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and The Associated Press (21 September 2008). "Olmert formally submits his resignation to Peres". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 September 2008. 

External links[edit]