List of prime ministers of Nepal

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The position of a prime minister of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको प्रधानमन्त्री, romanized: Nepālko Pradhānmantrī) in modern form was called by different names at different times of Nepalese history. During the reign of the Shah kings, the Mulkajis (Chief Kajis) or Chautariyas served as prime ministers in a council of 4 Chautariyas, 4 Kajis, and sundry officers. These Bharadars (officers) were drawn from high caste and politically influential families such as the Pande, Basnyat, and Thapa families. The nobility of Gorkha was mainly based from Chetri families and they had a strong presence in civil administration affairs.[1] All prime ministers of Nepal between 1768 and 1950 were Chhetris with the exception of Ranga Nath Poudyal, being a Khas Brahmin.[2] Of the 23 men who have been elected since Nepal attained democracy from the Ranas in 1951, 15 have been Khas Brahmin, 3 Thakuri, 2 Newar Shresthas, 2 Chhetri, and 1 Sanyasi/Dasnami.[3] The executive power allocation was fluctuating between Kajis and Chautariyas.

In 1804, a single authoritative position of Mukhtiyar was created by Rana Bahadur Shah which carried the executive powers of nation.[4] Mukhtiyar held the position of head of the executive until the adoption of the title of Prime Minister in November 1843 by Mathabar Singh Thapa who became Mukhtiyar as well as Prime Minister and the Chief of the Nepalese Army.[5][6] During the Rana dynasty, the position of prime minister was hereditary and the officeholder held additional titles — Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of Nepal and Grand Master of the Royal Orders of Nepal.

After the revolution of 1951, non-aristocratic citizens like Matrika Prasad Koirala held the position of prime minister still under the authority of the King of Nepal. The first general election was held in 1959 and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala became the first elected prime minister of Nepal. However, he was deposed and imprisoned in the 1960 coup d'état by King Mahendra who went on to establish an oligarchic authoritative regime, the Panchayat system, and Nepal did not have a democratic government until 1990. After the Jana Andolan movement in 1990, the country became a constitutional monarchy. However, this was interrupted with the 2005 coup d'état by King Gyanendra. After the Loktantrik Andolan movement in 2006, the monarchy was abolished on 28 May 2008 by the 1st Constituent Assembly and the country was declared a federal parliamentary republic. The current constitution was adopted on 20 September 2015, and the first prime minister under this new constitution was KP Sharma Oli.

Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008)[edit]

Before 1800s[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Title King
(Reign)
Took office Left office
1 Bamsa Raj Pandey.jpg Vamsharaj Pande
(1739–1785)
c. 1776 c. 1779 Dewan[note 1] Pratap Singh Shah
Pratap Singh Shah.jpg
(1751–1777)
2 No image.png Swarup Singh Karki
(1751–1785)
c. 1776 c. 1777 Dewan[note 2]
3 No image.png Sarbajit Rana Magar
(1750–1778)
c. 1777 c. 1778 Kaji/Mulkaji[note 3] Rana Bahadur Shah
Rana Bahadur Shah.jpg
(1775–1806)
(1) Bamsa Raj Pandey.jpg Vamsharaj Pande
(1739–1785)
c. 1782 c. 1785 Dewan/Mantri–Nayak[note 4]
4 Abhiman Singh Basnyat.jpg Abhiman Singh Basnyat
(1744–1800)
c. 1785 c. 1794 Mulkaji[note 5]
No image.png Bahadur Shah of Nepal
(1757–1797)
c. 1785 c. 1794 Mul–Chautariya[note 6]
5 Kirtiman Singh Basnyat (cropped).jpg Kirtiman Singh Basnyat
(1760–1801)
c. 1794 c. 1801 Mulkaji[note 7]
Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah
King Girvan Yuddhavikram Shah (1797-1816) (restoration) (cropped).jpg
(1799–1816)
6 No image.png Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat
(1759–1840)
c. 1801 c. 1803 Mulkaji[note 8]

Mul-Kajis and Muktiyars during the Shah expansion era and before the Rana era[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office King
(Reign)
Took office Left office
1 Damodar Pande.jpg Damodar Pande
(1752–1804)
February 1803 March 1804 Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah
King Girvan Yuddhavikram Shah (1797-1816) (restoration) (cropped).jpg
(1799–1816)
Rana Bahadur Shah.jpg Rana Bahadur Shah
(1775–1806)
1804[note 9] 26 April 1806
2 Bhimsen-thapa-painting (cropped).jpg Bhimsen Thapa
(1775–1839)
1806 July 1837
Rajendra Bikram Shah
King Bikram Shah Deva of Nepal (cropped).jpg
(1816–1847)
3 Ranajang Pande.jpg Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
1st time
1837 1837
4 Ranganath Paudyal.jpg Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–1846)
1st time
October 1837 August 1838
5 Puskar Shah.jpg Chautariya Puskhar Shah
(1784–1846)
October 1838 1839
(3) Ranajang Pande.jpg Rana Jang Pande
(1789–1843)
2nd time
April 1839 1840
(4) Ranganath Paudyal.jpg Ranga Nath Poudyal
(1773–1846)
2nd time
1840 1840
6 Fatteh Jang Shah.jpg Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
1st time
November 1840 January 1843
7 Mathabar Simha Thapa.jpg Mathabar Singh Thapa
(1798–1845)
November 1843 17 May 1845
(6) Fatteh Jang Shah.jpg Fateh Jung Shah
(1805–1846)
2nd time
September 1845 14 September 1846

Prime ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office King
(Reign)
Took office Left office Days
8 Jung Bahadur Rana in 1887.jpg Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
1st time
15 September 1846 1 August 1856 3608 Surendra Bikram Shah
King Surendra Bikram Shah 1 (cropped).jpg
(1847–1881)
9 Bam Bahadur Kunwar.jpg Bam Bahadur Kunwar
(1818–1857)
1 August 1856 25 May 1857 297
No image.png Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana
(1823–1863)
Acting Prime Minister
25 May 1857 28 June 1857 34
(8) Jung Bahadur Rana in 1887.jpg Jung Bahadur Rana
(1816–1877)
2nd time
28 June 1857 25 February 1877 7182
10 Ranodip Singh Kunwar.jpg Ranodip Singh Kunwar
(1825–1885)
27 February 1877 22 November 1885
(Assassinated)
3192
Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah
Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah standing (cropped).png
(1881–1911)
11 Prime Minister Bir Shumsher Sitting (cropped).png Bir Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1852–1901)
22 November 1885 5 March 1901 5581
12 Dev Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (cropped).png Dev Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1862–1914)
5 March 1901 27 June 1901 114
13 Maharaja Chandra Shamsher.jpg Chandra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1863–1929)
27 June 1901 26 November 1929 10379
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
King Tribhuvan (cropped).png
(1911–1955)
14 Prime Minister Bhim Shamsher 2 (cropped).png Bhim Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1865–1932)
26 November 1929 1 September 1932 1010
15 Juddha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana (cropped).png Juddha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1875–1952)
1 September 1932 29 November 1945 4837
16 Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana.png Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1882–1961)
29 November 1945 30 April 1948 883
17 Mohan Shumsher (cropped).png Mohan Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
(1885–1967)
30 April 1948 12 November 1951 1291

Prime ministers during the Transition era (1951–1960)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Election(s) Political party Cabinet King
(Reign)
Took office Left office Days
18 Matrika Prasad Koirala2.jpg Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
1st time
16 November 1951 14 August 1952 272 Nepali Congress M.P. Koirala I Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
Tribhuvan 1937 (cropped).jpg
(1911–1955)
Tribhuvan 1937 (cropped).jpg Direct rule by King
Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
(1906–1955)
14 August 1952 15 June 1953 305
(18) Matrika Prasad Koirala2.jpg Matrika Prasad Koirala
(1912–1997)
2nd time
15 June 1953 11 April 1955 668 Rastriya Praja Party M.P. Koirala II
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
Mahendra Ratna 1957 (cropped).jpg
(1955–1972)
Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
Acting
11 April 1955 14 April 1955 3
Mahendra Ratna 1957 (cropped).jpg Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
14 April 1955 27 January 1956 288
19 Tanka Prasad Acharya (cropped).jpg Tanka Prasad Acharya
(1912–1992)
27 January 1956 26 July 1957 546 Nepal Praja Parishad Tanka Acharya
20 KI Singh.jpg Kunwar Inderjit Singh
(1906–1982)
26 July 1957 15 May 1958 293 United Democratic Party K.I. Singh
21 No image.png Subarna Shamsher Rana
(1910–1977)
15 May 1958 27 May 1959 377 Nepali Congress
22 BP Koirala.jpg Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala
(1914–1982)
MP for Morang–Biratnagar West
27 May 1959 15 December 1960
(Deposed)
568 1959 B.P. Koirala

Prime ministers during the partyless Panchayat era (1960–1990)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office King
(Reign)
Took office Left office Days
Mahendra Ratna 1957 (cropped).jpg Direct rule by King
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
(1920–1972)
15 December 1960 2 April 1963 838 Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
Mahendra Ratna 1957 (cropped).jpg
(1955–1972)
23 Tulsi Giri, 1963 (cropped).jpg Tulsi Giri
(1926–2018)
1st time
2 April 1963 23 December 1963 265
24 Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
1st time
23 December 1963 26 February 1964 65
(23) Tulsi Giri, 1963 (cropped).jpg Tulsi Giri
(1926–2018)
2nd time
26 February 1964 26 January 1965 335
(24) Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
2nd time
26 January 1965 7 April 1969 1532
25 Kirti Nidhi Bista (cropped).jpg Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–2017)
1st time
7 April 1969 13 April 1970 371
No image.png Gehendra Bahadur Rajbhandari
(1923–1994)
Acting Prime Minister
13 April 1970 14 April 1971 366
(25) Kirti Nidhi Bista (cropped).jpg Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–2017)
2nd time
14 April 1971 16 July 1973 794
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah c. 1967 (restoration).jpg
(1972–2001)
26 No image.png Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
1st time
16 July 1973 1 December 1975 898
(23) Tulsi Giri, 1963 (cropped).jpg Tulsi Giri
(1926–2018)
3rd time
1 December 1975 12 September 1977 651
(25) Kirti Nidhi Bista (cropped).jpg Kirti Nidhi Bista
(1927–2017)
3rd time
12 September 1977 30 May 1979 625
(24) Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
3rd time
30 May 1979 12 July 1983 1504
27 No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(born 1940)
1st time
12 July 1983 21 March 1986 983
(26) No image.png Nagendra Prasad Rijal
(1927–1994)
2nd time
21 March 1986 15 June 1986 86
28 Marich Man Singh Shrestha.jpg Marich Man Singh Shrestha
(1942–2013)
15 June 1986 6 April 1990 1391
(27) No image.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(born 1940)
2nd time
6 April 1990 19 April 1990 13

Prime ministers during the Constitutional monarchy (1990–2008)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Election(s) Political party King
(Reign)
Took office Left office Days
29 Krishna bhattarai.jpg Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
1st time
19 April 1990 26 May 1991 402 Nepali Congress Birendra Bir Bikram Shah
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah c. 1967 (restoration).jpg
(1972–2001)
30 The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
MP for Morang 1
1st time
26 May 1991 30 November 1994 1284 1991
31 No image.png Man Mohan Adhikari
(1920–1999)
MP for Kathmandu 3
30 November 1994 12 September 1995 286 1994 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
32 Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(born 1946)
MP for Dadeldhura 1
1st time
12 September 1995 12 March 1997 547 Nepali Congress
(27) Lokendra Bahadur Chand A writer of विसर्जन.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(born 1940)
MP for Baitadi 2
3rd time
12 March 1997 7 October 1997 209 Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Chand)
(24) Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
MP for Dhankuta 2
4th time
7 October 1997 15 April 1998 190 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(30) The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
MP for Morang 1
2nd time
15 April 1998 31 May 1999 411 Nepali Congress
(29) Krishna bhattarai.jpg Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
(1924–2011)
MP for Parsa 1
2nd time
31 May 1999 22 March 2000 296 1999
(30) The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
MP for Sunsari 5
3rd time
22 March 2000 26 July 2001 491
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
Gyanendra Shah.jpg
(2001–2008)
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(born 1946)
MP for Dadeldhura 1
2nd time
26 July 2001 4 October 2002 435
Gyanendra Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(born 1947)
4 October 2002 11 October 2002 7
(27) Lokendra Bahadur Chand A writer of विसर्जन.png Lokendra Bahadur Chand
(born 1940)
4th time
11 October 2002 5 June 2003 237 Rastriya Prajatantra Party
(24) Surya Bahadur Thapa 2005-11-24.jpg Surya Bahadur Thapa
(1928–2015)
5th time
5 June 2003 3 June 2004 364
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(born 1946)
3rd time
3 June 2004 1 February 2005
(Deposed)
243 Nepali Congress (Democratic)
Gyanendra Shah.jpg Direct rule by King
Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah
(born 1947)
1 February 2005 25 April 2006 448
(30) The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
4th time
25 April 2006 28 May 2008 764 Nepali Congress

Prime ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (2008–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Election(s) Political party Cabinet President
(Term)
Took office Left office Days
(30) The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg Girija Prasad Koirala
(1924–2010)
5th time
28 May 2008[21][22][23] 18 August 2008[22][23] 82 Nepali Congress Girija Prasad Koirala
The Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Girija Prasad Koirala being seen off by the Union Minister of Water Resources, Prof. Saif-ud-din Soz at Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi on April 06, 2007 (cropped).jpg
(2007–2008)
(Acting Head of State)
33 Prachanda 2009.jpg Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(born 1954)
MCA for Kathmandu 10
1st time
18 August 2008 25 May 2009 280 2008

(Constituent Assembly)

Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Dahal I Ram Baran Yadav
Ram Baran Yadav 2008-08-26.jpg
(2008–2015)
34 Madhav Kumar Nepal 2009-09-23.jpg Madhav Kumar Nepal
(born 1953)
Nominated MCA
25 May 2009 6 February 2011 622 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Madhav Nepal
35 Jhala Nath Khanal 2011-03-20.jpg Jhala Nath Khanal
(born 1950)
MCA for Ilam 1
6 February 2011 29 August 2011 204 Khanal
36 Baburam Bhattarai (cropped).jpg Baburam Bhattarai
(born 1954)
MCA for Gorkha 2
29 August 2011 14 March 2013 563 Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Bhattarai
Khil Raj Regmi (cropped).jpg Khil Raj Regmi
(born 1949)
Chair of the Cabinet of Ministers
14 March 2013 11 February 2014 334 Independent Regmi Interim
37 Sushil Koirala Photograph.png Sushil Koirala
(1939–2016)
MCA for Banke 3
11 February 2014 12 October 2015 608 2013

(Constituent Assembly)

Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala
38 Prime Minister of Nepal, Mr. K.P. Sharma Oli, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on April 07, 2018 (1).jpg KP Sharma Oli
(born 1952)
MCA for Jhapa 7
1st time
12 October 2015 4 August 2016 297 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Oli I
Bidya Devi Bhandari
Shinzo Abe and Bidhya Devi Bhandari at the Enthronement of Naruhito (1) (cropped).jpg
(2015–present)
(33) Prachanda 2009.jpg Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(born 1954)
MCA for Siraha 5
2nd time
4 August 2016[24] 7 June 2017 307 Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Dahal II
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(born 1946)
MCA for Dadeldhura 1
4th time
7 June 2017[25] 15 February 2018[26] 253 Nepali Congress Deuba IV
(38) Prime Minister of Nepal, Mr. K.P. Sharma Oli, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on April 07, 2018 (1).jpg KP Sharma Oli
(born 1952)
MP for Jhapa 5
2nd time
15 February 2018[27] 13 May 2021[28] 1183 2017 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Oli II

Oli III
3rd time
as minority PM
13 May 2021[29] 13 July 2021[30][31] 60
(32) Sher bahadur.jpg Sher Bahadur Deuba
(born 1946)
MP for Dadeldhura 1
5th time
13 July 2021[32][33] Incumbent 392 Nepali Congress Deuba V

Living former prime ministers[edit]

As of August 2022, there are seven living former prime ministers.

Prime minister Term of office Date of birth Portrait
Lokendra Bahadur Chand (1983-July-12) (1986-March-21)July 12, 1983 – March 21, 1986;
(1990-April-06) (1990-April-19)April 6–19, 1990;
(1997-March-12) (1997-October-07)March 12 – October 7, 1997;
(2002-October-11) (2003-June-05)October 11, 2002 – June 5, 2003
(1940-02-15) 15 February 1940 (age 82)
Pushpa Kamal Dahal (2008-August-18) (2009-May-25)August 18, 2008 – May 25, 2009;
(2016-August-04) (2017-June-07)August 4, 2016 – June 7, 2017
(1954-12-11) 11 December 1954 (age 67) Prachanda 2009.jpg
Madhav Kumar Nepal (2009-May-25) (2011-February-06)May 25, 2009 – February 6, 2011 (1953-03-06) 6 March 1953 (age 69) Madhav Kumar Nepal 2009-09-23.jpg
Jhala Nath Khanal (2011-February-11) (2011-August-29)February 11 – August 29, 2011 (1950-05-20) 20 May 1950 (age 72) Jhala Nath Khanal 2011-03-20.jpg
Baburam Bhattarai (2011-August-29) (2013-March-14)August 29, 2011 – March 14, 2013 (1954-06-18) 18 June 1954 (age 68) Baburam Bhattarai (cropped).jpg
Khil Raj Regmi (2013-March-14) (2014-February-11)March 14, 2013 – February 11, 2014

Chair of the Cabinet of Ministers

(1949-05-31) 31 May 1949 (age 73) Khil Raj Regmi (cropped).jpg
KP Sharma Oli (2015-Oct-12) (2016-August-04)October 12, 2015 – August 4, 2016;
(2018-February-15) (2021-May-13)February 15, 2018 – May 13, 2021;
(2021-May-13) (2021-July-12)May 13 – July 12, 2021
(1952-02-22) 22 February 1952 (age 70) Prime Minister of Nepal, Mr. K.P. Sharma Oli, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on April 07, 2018 (1).jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The document dated Bikram Samvat 1833 Bhadra Vadi 3 Roj 6 (i.e. Friday 2 August 1776), shows that both Swaroop Singh Karki and Vamsharaj Pande had carried the title of Dewan (equivalent to Prime Minister).[7]
  2. ^ The document dated Bikram Samvat 1833 Bhadra Vadi 3 Roj 6 (i.e. Friday 2 August 1776), shows that both Swaroop Singh Karki and Vamsharaj Pande had carried the title of Dewan (equivalent to Prime Minister).[7]
  3. ^ Historian Dilli Raman Regmi asserts that Sarbajit was chosen as Mulkaji (Chief Kaji).[8] Historian Rishikesh Shah asserts that Sarbajit was appointed only a Kaji [9] and was the head of the Nepalese government for a short period in 1778.[10]
  4. ^ Daniel Wright mentions him as the Mantri-Nayak (Prime Minister) under the King Rana Bahadur Shah (1777-1799).[11]
  5. ^ Abhiman Singh Basnyat was replaced by Kirtiman Singh Basnyat as Mulkaji[12] after the dismissal of government on maturity of King Rana Bahadur Shah in 1794 AD.[13]
  6. ^ On Shrawan 1842 B.S. (i.e. July 1785), after the death of Regent Queen Rajendra Laxmi, Bahadur Shah assumed the regency and administration on the call of Bharadars.[14] Historian Baburam Acharya referred the reign of Bahadur Shah as "Primeministership" or "Premiership".[15] Prince Bahadur Shah of Nepal was Chief Chautariya (Mul-Chautariya) up to Baisakh 1851 B.S. (i.e. April 1794). The Chief Chautariya carried the functions of a Prime Minister.[16]
  7. ^ Though the position of Mulkaji (Chief Kaji) was bestowed on Kirtiman Singh in 1794, Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji.[13] and Damodar lead the military forces and the second government to prevent the re-establishment of royal authority of self-renounced King Rana Bahadur Shah in 1799.[17][18]
  8. ^ Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, brother of assassinated Kirtiman Singh, was then given the post of Mulkaji.[19]
  9. ^ The position of Mukhtiyar was formed and ruled by renounced King Rana Bahadur Shah on the year 1804 A.D.[20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pahari 1995, p. 632.
  2. ^ Raj 1996, p. 5.
  3. ^ Mandal, Monika (2013). Social Inclusion of Ethnic Communities in Contemporary Nepal. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (MAKAIS). ISBN 978-93-81904-58-9.
  4. ^ Nepal, Gyanmani (2007). Nepal ko Mahabharat (in Nepali) (3rd ed.). Kathmandu: Sajha. p. 314. ISBN 9789993325857.
  5. ^ Kandel, Devi Prasad (2011). Pre-Rana Administrative System. Chitwan: Siddhababa Offset Press. p. 95.
  6. ^ Regmi 1971, p. 17.
  7. ^ a b Regmi 1975, p. 272.
  8. ^ D.R. Regmi 1975, p. 285.
  9. ^ Shaha 1990, p. 46.
  10. ^ Shaha 2001, p. 21.
  11. ^ Wright 1877, p. 260.
  12. ^ Karmacharya 2005, p. 56.
  13. ^ a b Pradhan 2012, p. 12.
  14. ^ Vaidya & Bajracharya 1991, p. 9.
  15. ^ Regmi 1972, p. 12.
  16. ^ Regmi 1971, p. 12.
  17. ^ Pradhan 2012, p. 13.
  18. ^ Acharya 2012, pp. 28–32.
  19. ^ Acharya 2012, p. 35.
  20. ^ Pradhan 2012, p. 25.
  21. ^ "Girija Prasad koirla prime minister". nepalnews. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  22. ^ a b "Girija prasad, acting head of state of nepal". cnn. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  23. ^ a b "Nepalese prime minister resigns". bbc. 26 June 2008. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  24. ^ "Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda sworn in as new Nepal PM". Hindustan Times. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  25. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba sworns in as Prime Minister". thehimalayantimes.com. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  26. ^ "PM Deuba announces resignation". The Kathmandu Post. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  27. ^ "Newly appointed PM KP Sharma Oli takes oath of office". The Kathmandu Post. 2018-02-15. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  28. ^ Subedi, Kamal. "PM Oli fails to secure parliament's confidence, what next now?". My Republica. Retrieved 2021-05-12.
  29. ^ ONLINE, THT (2021-05-13). "Oli appointed PM as opposition fails to gather numbers". The Himalayan Times. Retrieved 2021-05-15.
  30. ^ Livemint (12 July 2021). "Sher Bahadur Deuba to be Nepal's new prime minister orders Supreme Court". mint. Archived from the original on 12 July 2021. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  31. ^ "दुई दिनभित्र देउवालाई प्रधानमन्त्री बनाउन परमादेश".
  32. ^ "देउवा प्रधानमन्त्री नियुक्त, सपथको तयारी". Setopati. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  33. ^ "यस्तो छ सर्वोच्च अदालतको आदेशको पूर्णपाठ". ratopati.com. Retrieved 2021-07-12.

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External links[edit]