List of Prime Ministers of Poland

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Poland

Prime Ministers of the Duchy of Warsaw (1807–1813)[edit]

Main article: Duchy of Warsaw
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Monarch
(Reign)
Lampi Stanisław Małachowski.jpg Stanisław Małachowski
(1736–1809)
5 October 1807 14 December 1807 Duke Frederick Augustus I
Fryderyk August I.jpg
(1807–1813)
Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski.JPG Ludwik Szymon Gutakowski
(1740–1808)
14 December 1807 November 1808
JPoniatowski.JPG Józef Poniatowski
(1763–1813)
Acting Prime Minister
November 1808 25 March 1809
Grassi Stanisław Kostka Potocki.jpg Stanisław Kostka Potocki
(1755–1821)
25 March 1809 May 1813

Presidents of the Polish National Government (1830–1831)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
Adam Jerzy Czartoryski.jpg Adam Jerzy Czartoryski
(1770–1861)
3 December 1830 15 August 1831
Józef Chłopicki 1.PNG Józef Chłopicki
(1771–1854)
(dictator.)
5 December 1830 17 January 1831
Jan Krukowiecki.jpg General
Jan Stefan Krukowiecki
(1772–1850)
17 August 1831 7 September 1831
Bonawentura Niemojowski.JPG Bonawentura Niemojowski
(1787–1835)
8 September 1831 23 September 1831
Jan Nepomucen Umiński.PNG Jan Nepomucen Umiński
(1778–1851)
23 September 1831 23 September 1831
Maciej Rybiński.jpg Maciej Rybiński
(1784–1874)
25 September 1831 9 October 1831

Presidents of the National Government of the Republic of Poland (1846)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
Jan Tyssowski.jpg
Tyssowski.
National Government of the Republic of Poland (triumvirate):

Jan Tyssowski (President)
(1811–1857)
Ludwik Gorzkowski
(1811–1857)
Aleksander Grzegorzewski
(1806–1855)

22 February 1846 24 February 1846
Jan Tyssowski.jpg Jan Tyssowski
(1811–1857)
(dictator.)
24 February 1846 3 March 1846

President of the National Committee in Poznań (1848)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
POL Gustaw Potworowski.jpg Gustaw Potworowski
(1800–1860)
20 March 1848 9 May 1848

Presidents of the Polish National Government (1863–1864)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office
Stefan Bobrowski.PNG Stefan Bobrowski
(1840–1863)
21 January 1863 17 February 1863
Ludwik Mieroslawski.jpg Ludwik Mierosławski
(1814–1878)
(dictator.)
17 February 1863 11 March 1863
Marian Langiewicz.PNG Marian Langiewicz
(1827–1887)
(dictator.)
11 March 1863 18 March 1863
Stefan Bobrowski.PNG Stefan Bobrowski
(1840–1863)
21 March 1863 12 April 1863
Agaton Giller.JPG Agaton Giller
(1831–1887)
12 April 1863 23 May 1863
Franciszek Dobrowolski 1830-1896.jpg Franciszek Dobrowolski
(1830–1896)
23 May 1863 9 June 1863
No image.png Piotr Kobylański
(1823–1868)
9 June 1863 10 June 1863
Karol Majewski (Beyer).jpg Karol Majewski
(1833–1897)
14 June 1863 17 September 1863
Franciszek Dobrowolski 1830-1896.jpg Franciszek Dobrowolski
(1830–1896)
17 September 1863 17 October 1863
Traugutt.jpg Romuald Traugutt
(1826–1864)
(dictator.)
17 October 1863 10 April 1864
Aleksander Waszkowski.PNG Aleksander Waszkowski
(1841–1865)
12 April 1864 19 December 1864
No image.png Bronisław Brzeziński
(1837–1865)
20 April 1864 October 1864

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Poland (1917–1918)[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  National-Democratic Party (SDN)
  Party of the National Right (SPN)
  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
Jan Kucharzewski 1.jpg Jan Kucharzewski
(1876–1952)
26 November 1917 27 February 1918 Independent Kucharzewski
Antoni Ponikowski.jpg Antoni Ponikowski
(1878–1949)
27 February 1918 4 April 1918 National-Democratic Party Ponikowski
(provisional)
Jan Kanty Steczkowski.PNG Jan Kanty Steczkowski
(1862–1929)
4 April 1918 23 October 1918 Party of the National Right Steczkowski
Józef Świeżyński.PNG Józef Świeżyński
(1868–1948)
23 October 1918 3 November 1918 National-Democratic Party Świeżyński
Władysław Wróblewski.JPG Władysław Wróblewski
(1875–1951)
3 November 1918 14 November 1918 Independent Wróblewski
(provisional)

Prime Ministers of the People's Republic (1918)[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
Ignacy Daszynski01.jpg Ignacy Daszyński
(1866–1936)
7 November 1918 14 November 1918 Polish Socialist Party Provisional People's Government of the Republic of Poland

Note: Until 11 November, Daszyński was Prime Minister in the Polish People's Republic, based at Lublin, in the territory occupied by Austrian troops. On 11 November, he was invited to form a national government but failed and resigned three days later.

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Poland (1918–1939)[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
  Polish People's Party "Piast" (PSL Piast)
  Popular National Union (ZLN)
  Polish Christian Democratic Party (PSChD)
  Party of the National Right (SPN)
  Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government (BBWR)
  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
Jędrzej Moraczewski.jpg Jędrzej Moraczewski
(1870–1944)
18 November 1918 18 January 1919 Polish Socialist Party Moraczewski
Ignacy Paderewski 02.jpg Ignacy Jan Paderewski
(1860–1941)
18 January 1919 13 November 1919 Independent Paderewski
L Skulski.jpg Leopold Skulski
(1878–1940)
13 December 1919 27 June 1920 Polish People's Party "Piast" Skulski
Wladyslaw Grabski.jpg Władysław Grabski
(1874–1938)
27 June 1920 24 July 1920 Popular National Union Grabski I
Witos 1920.jpg Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
24 July 1920 19 September 1921 Polish People's Party "Piast" Witos I
Antoni Ponikowski.jpg Antoni Ponikowski
(1878–1949)
19 September 1921 10 March 1922 Polish Christian Democratic Party Ponikowski I
10 March 1922 28 June 1922 Ponikowski II
Artur Śliwiński1.jpg Artur Śliwiński
(1877–1953)
28 June 1922 31 July 1922 Polish Socialist Party Śliwiński
Julian Nowak1.jpg Julian Nowak
(1865–1946)
31 July 1922 16 December 1922 Party of the National Right Nowak
Sikor.jpg Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
16 December 1922 28 May 1923 Independent Sikorski I
Witos 1920.jpg Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
28 May 1923 19 December 1923 Polish People's Party "Piast" Witos II
Wladyslaw Grabski.jpg Władysław Grabski
(1874–1938)
19 December 1923 20 November 1925 Popular National Union/Christian Union of National Unity Grabski II
Skrzynski A.jpg Aleksander Skrzyński
(1882–1931)
20 November 1925 10 May 1926 Party of the National Right Skrzyński
Witos 1920.jpg Wincenty Witos
(1874–1945)
10 May 1926 14 May 1926 Polish People's Party "Piast" Witos III
Kazimierz Bartel.jpg Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
15 May 1926 4 June 1926 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Bartel I
8 June 1926 24 September 1926 Bartel II
27 September 1926 30 September 1926 Bartel III
Jozef Pilsudski.jpg Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
2 October 1926 27 June 1928 Independent Piłsudski I
Kazimierz Bartel.jpg Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
27 June 1928 14 April 1929 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Bartel IV
Switalski K.jpg Kazimierz Świtalski
(1886–1962)
14 April 1929 29 December 1929 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Świtalski
Kazimierz Bartel.jpg Kazimierz Bartel
(1882–1941)
29 December 1929 29 March 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Bartel V
Walery slawek.jpg Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
29 March 1930 25 August 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Sławek I
Jozef Pilsudski.jpg Józef Piłsudski
(1867–1935)
25 August 1930 4 December 1930 Independent Piłsudski II
Walery slawek.jpg Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
4 December 1930 27 May 1931 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Sławek II
Aleksander prystor 1.jpg Aleksander Prystor
(1874–1941)
27 May 1931 10 May 1933 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Prystor
Janusz Jędrzejewicz.PNG Janusz Jędrzejewicz
(1885–1951)
10 May 1933 15 May 1934 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Jędrzejewicz
Leon Kozłowski.PNG Leon Kozłowski
(1892–1944)
15 May 1934 28 March 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Kozłowski
Walery slawek.jpg Walery Sławek
(1879–1939)
28 March 1935 13 October 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Sławek III
Zyndram Koscialkowski.jpg Marian Zyndram-Kościałkowski
(1892–1946)
13 October 1935 15 May 1936 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government Zyndram-Kościałkowski
FSSkladkowski (HistoriaPolski str.247).jpg Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski
(1885–1962)
15 May 1936 30 September 1939 Independent Składkowski

Prime Ministers of the Government of the Republic of Poland in Exile (1939–1990)[edit]

After the German conquest of Poland, a Polish government-in-exile was formed under the protection of France and Britain. The government was recognized by the United Kingdom and the United States until 5 July 1945, when the Western Allies accepted Stalin's Communist government. By the end of 1946, the government-in-exile had lost recognition by all but a handful of independent nations. Despite this, it continued in London until the election of Lech Wałęsa as President of the Republic of Poland in December 1990.

Colour key (for political parties):
  People's Party (SL)
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
Wladyslaw Sikorski 2.jpg Władysław Sikorski
(1881–1943)
30 September 1939 18 July 1940 Independent Sikorski II
18 July 1940 4 July 1943 Sikorski III
Mikolajczyk.jpg Stanisław Mikołajczyk
(1901–1966)
14 July 1943 24 November 1944 People's Party Mikołajczyk
Arciszewski1922.jpg Tomasz Arciszewski
(1877–1955)
29 November 1944 5 July 1945
(lost recognition by major Allied powers)
Polish Socialist Party Arciszewski

Prime Ministers of the Government-in-Exile (with little or no international recognition, 1945–1990)[edit]

Chairmen of the Executive for National Unity (1954–1972)[edit]

In 1954, one group within the government-in-exile opposed the continuation of August Zaleski as President of the government-in-exile beyond the end of his seven-year term. They established the Council of National Unity, vested the powers of the President in the Rada Trzech (three-man council), and appointed their own government, the Executive for National Unity. After the death of Zaleski in 1972, the Council of National Unity dissolved and ceded its powers to Zaleski's successor Stanisław Ostrowski.

Prime Ministers of the People's Republic of Poland (1944–1989)[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Polish Socialist Party (PPS)
  Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR)
  Solidarity Citizens' Committee (KO‘S’)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Entered office Left office Political party Cabinet
Osobka morawski.jpg Edward Osóbka-Morawski
(1909–1997)
22 July 1944 31 December 1944 Polish Socialist Party Polish Committee of National Liberation
31 December 1944 28 June 1945 Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland
28 June 1945 6 February 1947 Provisional Government of National Unity
Cyrankiewicz.jpg Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989)
6 February 1947 20 November 1952 Polish Socialist Party Cyrankiewicz I
Polish United Workers' Party
(from December 1948)
PL Bolesław Bierut (1892-1956).jpg Bolesław Bierut
(1892–1956)
20 November 1952 18 March 1954 Polish United Workers' Party Bierut
Cyrankiewicz.jpg Józef Cyrankiewicz
(1911–1989)
18 March 1954 15 May 1961 Polish United Workers' Party Cyrankiewicz II
18 May 1961 24 June 1965 Cyrankiewicz III
25 June 1965 27 June 1969 Cyrankiewicz IV
28 June 1969 23 December 1970 Cyrankiewicz V
Piotr Jaroszewicz 1977.jpg Piotr Jaroszewicz
(1909–1992)
23 December 1970 28 March 1972 Polish United Workers' Party (Cyrankiewicz V)
28 March 1972 25 March 1976 Jaroszewicz I
27 March 1976 18 February 1980 Jaroszewicz II
Edward Babiuch.jpg Edward Babiuch
(1927–)
18 February 1980 24 August 1980 Polish United Workers' Party Babiuch
Józef Pińkowski.jpg Józef Pińkowski
(1929–2000)
24 August 1980 11 February 1981 Polish United Workers' Party Pińkowski
Wojciech Jaruzelski.jpg Wojciech Jaruzelski
(1923–2014)
11 February 1981 6 November 1985 Polish United Workers' Party Jaruzelski
Zbigniew Messner 1988.jpg Zbigniew Messner
(1929–2014)
6 November 1985 27 September 1988 Polish United Workers' Party Messner
Mieczysław Rakowski.jpg Mieczysław Rakowski
(1926–2008)
27 September 1988 2 August 1989 Polish United Workers' Party
Czeslaw Kiszczak.jpg Czesław Kiszczak
(1925–2015)
(lost vote of confidence.)
2 August 1989 24 August 1989 Polish United Workers' Party Kiszczak
Tadeusz Mazowiecki 80th birthday cropped.jpg Tadeusz Mazowiecki
(1928–2013)
(during democratic transition.)
24 August 1989 31 December 1989
(People's Republic
abolished.
)
Solidarity Citizens' Committee Mazowiecki

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Poland (1990–present)[edit]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Democratic Union (UD)
  Centre Agreement (PC)
  Liberal Democratic Congress (KLD)
  Polish People's Party (PSL)
  Social Democracy (SdRP) / Democratic Left Alliance (SLD)
  Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS)
  Law and Justice (PiS)
  Civic Platform (PO)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Designated
Took office
Voted of confidence
Left office
R.: Resigned
Dis.: Dismissed
N.C.: Voted of no-confidence
Political party Cabinet Sejm
(Election)
Tadeusz Mazowiecki 80th birthday cropped.jpg Tadeusz Mazowiecki
(1928–2013)
20 August 1989
24 August 1989
12 September 1989
R. 25 November 1990
4 January 1991
Solidarity Citizens' Committee (KO‘S’) until 1990
Democratic Union (UD) from 1990
Mazowiecki
KO‘S’ZSLPZPRSD
Contract
(1989)
Bielecki.jpg Jan Krzysztof Bielecki
(1951–)
4 January 1991
4 January 1991
12 January 1991
R. 5 December 1991
6 December 1991
Liberal Democratic Congress (KLD) Bielecki
KLDZChNPCSD
Jan Ferdynand Olszewski.jpg Jan Olszewski
(1930–)
6 December 1991
6 December 1991
23 December 1991
Dis. 5 June 1992
5 June 1992
Centre Agreement (PC) Olszewski
PCZChNPSL.PL
I
(1991)
Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg Waldemar Pawlak
(1959–)
5 June 1992
5 June 1992
(no confidence vote.)
R. 7 July 1992
11 July 1992
Polish People's Party (PSL) Pawlak I
PSL
Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland 1992-1993.jpg Hanna Suchocka
(1946–)
10 July 1992
11 July 1992
11 July 1992
28 May 1993
26 October 1993
Democratic Union (UD) Suchocka
UDKLDZChNPChD
PPPPPSL.PL
Waldemar Pawlak candidate 2010 D crop.jpg Waldemar Pawlak
(1959–)
18 October 1993
26 October 1993
10 November 1993
1 March 1995
7 March 1995
Polish People's Party (PSL) Pawlak II
SLDPSLBBWR
II
(1993)
JKRUK 20090524 JÓZEF OLEKSY BUSKO IMG 7314.jpg Józef Oleksy
(1946–2015)
1 March 1995
7 March 1995
4 March 1995
26 January 1996
7 February 1996
Social Democracy (SdRP) Oleksy
SLDPSL
Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz (senator).jpg Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz
(1950–)
7 February 1996
7 February 1996
15 February 1996
R. 17 October 1997
31 October 1997
Social Democracy (SdRP) Cimoszewicz
SLDPSL
Jerzy Buzek, 2010.JPG Jerzy Buzek
(1940–)
17 October 1997
31 October 1997
11 November 1997
Dis. 19 October 2001
19 October 2001
Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) Buzek
AWSUW
III
(1997)
L. Miller.jpg Leszek Miller
(1946–)
4 October 2001
19 October 2001
26 October 2001
& 13 June 2003
R. 2 May 2004
2 May 2004
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Miller
SLDUPPSL
IV
(2001)
Marek Belka 2004.jpg Marek Belka
(1952–)
2 May 2004
2 May 2004
14 May 2004 (rejected.)
N.C. 14 May 2004
11 June 2004
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) Belka I
SLDUP
11 June 2004
11 June 2004
24 June 2004
& 15 October 2004
R. 5 May 2005
Dis. 19 October 2005

31 October 2005
Belka II
SLDUP
Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz 2006 (cropped).jpg Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
(1959–)
19 October 2005
31 October 2005
10 November 2005
R. 10 July 2006
14 July 2006
Law and Justice (PiS) Marcinkiewicz
PiSSRPLPR
V
(2005)
Kaczynski Jaroslaw 1 067.JPG Jarosław Kaczyński
(1949–)
10 July 2006
14 July 2006
19 July 2006
R. 5 November 2007
16 November 2007
Law and Justice (PiS) Kaczyński
PiSSRPLPR
Donald Tusk 2012-04-26.jpg Donald Tusk
(1957–)
9 November 2007
16 November 2007
24 November 2007
R. 8 November 2011
18 November 2011
Civic Platform (PO) Tusk I
POPSL
VI
(2007)
8 November 2011
18 November 2011
19 November 2011
R. 11 September 2014
22 September 2014
Tusk II
POPSL
VII
(2011)
JRKRUK 20130829 EWA KOPACZ BUSKO IMG 3148.jpg Ewa Kopacz
(1956–)
15 September 2014
22 September 2014
1 October 2014
R. 12 November 2015
16 November 2015
Civic Platform (PO) Kopacz
POPSL
Beata Szydlo 2015.jpg Beata Szydło
(1963–)
13 November 2015
16 November 2015
18 November 2015
Incumbent Law and Justice (PiS) Szydło
PiS
VIII
(2015)

1 Invited to form a government by the President, but failed to form a government and resigned.

Beata Szydło Ewa Kopacz Donald Tusk Jarosław Kaczyński Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz Marek Belka Leszek Miller Jerzy Buzek Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Józef Oleksy Waldemar Pawlak Hanna Suchocka Waldemar Pawlak Jan Olszewski Jan Krzysztof Bielecki Tadeusz Mazowiecki Czesław Kiszczak Mieczysław Rakowski Zbigniew Messner Wojciech Jaruzelski Józef Pińkowski Edward Babiuch Piotr Jaroszewicz Józef Cyrankiewicz Bolesław Bierut Józef Cyrankiewicz Edward Osóbka-Morawski

See also[edit]

External links[edit]