List of Prime Ministers of Queen Elizabeth II

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Elizabeth and Robert Menzies at a formal evening event
Queen Elizabeth II with Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies during her first tour of Australia in 1954

Since succeeding her father on 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II has been head of state of 32 different Commonwealth realms. Currently, there are 16 realms. With the Westminster system of government being a legacy of former British colonial possession, in each realm the Queen's government is headed by a Prime Minister. In Commonwealth realms appointment and dismissal of Prime Ministers are common reserve powers that can be exercised by the Queen or, in their vice-regal capacities, her Governors-General.

Elizabeth has had 12 British Prime Ministers, second only to George III, who had 14, and two more than the number appointed by Queen Victoria. She has also had 14 New Zealand Prime Ministers, 13 Australian Prime Ministers and 11 Canadian Prime Ministers.

This list does not cover Commonwealth nations that are not Commonwealth realms, i.e. those that do not have the Queen as head of state, nor does it cover holders of offices of Prime Minister in colonies or sub-national entities. Prime Ministers of nations that have ceased to be Commonwealth realms during the Queen's reign are listed in the second section.

Prime Ministers of current realms[edit]

 Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

Antigua and Barbuda became an independent Commonwealth realm on 1 November 1981 with Vere Bird as the first Prime Minister. Bird had previously been Premier of Antigua.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg Vere Bird
(1910–1999)
1 November 1981 9 March 1994
2 No image.svg Lester Bird
(1938–)
9 March 1994 24 March 2004
3 Baldwin Spencer.jpg Baldwin Spencer
(1948–)
24 March 2004 13 June 2014
4 No image.svg Gaston Browne
(1967–)
13 June 2014 Incumbent

Reference[1]

 Australia[edit]

Robert Menzies was the incumbent Prime Minister of Australia when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Portrait Menzies 1941.jpg Sir Robert Menzies
(1894–1978)
19 December 1949 26 January 1966
2 HaroldHoltPortrait1953.JPG Harold Holt
(1908–1967)
26 January 1966 19 December 1967
3 Nla.pic-an23474705-v.jpg John McEwen
(1900–1980)
19 December 1967 10 January 1968
4 JohnGorton1954.JPG John Gorton
(1911–2002)
10 January 1968 10 March 1971
5 Nla.pic-an23458756-v.jpg William McMahon
(1908–1988)
10 March 1971 5 December 1972
6 Whitlam1955.jpg Gough Whitlam
(1916–2014)
5 December 1972 11 November 1975
7 MalcolmFraser1982.JPEG Malcolm Fraser
(1930–2015)
11 November 1975 11 March 1983
8 BobHawke(cropped).jpg Bob Hawke
(1929–)
11 March 1983 20 December 1991
9 Paul Keating - 2007-crop.jpg Paul Keating
(1944–)
20 December 1991 11 March 1996
10 PMincoffs.jpg John Howard
(1939–)
11 March 1996 3 December 2007
11 Kevin Rudd official portrait.jpg Kevin Rudd
(1957–)
3 December 2007 24 June 2010
12 Julia Gillard.jpg Julia Gillard
(1961–)
24 June 2010 27 June 2013
(11) Kevin Rudd official portrait.jpg Kevin Rudd
(1957–)
27 June 2013 18 September 2013
13 Tony Abbott - 2010.jpg Tony Abbott
(1957–)
18 September 2013 Incumbent

Reference[2]

 The Bahamas[edit]

The Bahamas became an independent Commonwealth realm on 10 July 1973 with Lynden Pindling as the first Prime Minister. Pindling had previously been Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of the Bahama Islands.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sirlyndenpindling.jpg Sir Lynden Pindling
(1930–2000)
10 July 1973 21 August 1992
2 Hubert Ingraham.jpg Hubert Ingraham
(1947–)
21 August 1992 3 May 2002
3 Perry Christie 2013 (cropped).jpg Perry Christie
(1947–)1
3 May 2002 4 May 2007
(2) Hubert Ingraham.jpg Hubert Ingraham
(1947–)
4 May 2007 8 May 2012
(3) Perry Christie 2013 (cropped).jpg Perry Christie
(1947–)
8 May 2012 Incumbent

Reference[3]

 Barbados[edit]

Barbados became an independent Commonwealth realm on 30 November 1966 with Errol Barrow as the first Prime Minister. Barrow had previously been Premier of Barbados.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Errol Barrow.jpg Errol Barrow
(1920–1987)
30 November 1966 8 September 1976
2 Tom Adams.jpg J.M.G.M. 'Tom' Adams
(1931–1985)
8 September 1976 11 March 1985
3 No image.svg Harold Bernard St. John
(1931–2004)
11 March 1985 29 May 1986
(1) Errol Barrow.jpg Errol Barrow
(1920–1987)
29 May 1986 1 June 1987
4 No image.svg Lloyd Erskine Sandiford
(1937–)
1 June 1987 7 September 1994
5 Owen Arthur-2.jpg Owen Arthur
(1945–)
7 September 1994 16 January 2008
6 David John Howard Thompson - World Economic Forum on Latin America 2010.jpg David Thompson
(1961–2010)
16 January 2008 23 October 2010
7 Freundel Stuart June 2010.jpg Freundel Stuart
(1951–)
23 October 2010 Incumbent

Reference[4]

 Belize[edit]

Belize became an independent Commonwealth realm on 21 September 1981 with George Cadle Price as the first Prime Minister. Price had previously been Premier of Belize.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 George C. Price Cropped.jpg George Cadle Price
(1919–2011)
21 September 1981 17 December 1984
2 Manuel Esquivel.jpg Manuel Esquivel
(1940–)
17 December 1984 7 November 1989
(1) George C. Price Cropped.jpg George Cadle Price
(1919–2011)
7 November 1989 3 July 1993
(2) Manuel Esquivel.jpg Manuel Esquivel
(1940–)
3 July 1993 28 August 1998
3 Said Musa.jpg Said Musa
(1944–)
28 August 1998 8 February 2008
4 Belizean Prime Minister, Dean Barrow in London, 27 June 2013 (cropped).jpg Dean Barrow
(1951–)
8 February 2008 Incumbent

Reference[5]

 Canada[edit]

Louis St. Laurent was the incumbent Prime Minister of Canada when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Louisstlaurent.jpg Louis St. Laurent
(1882–1973)
15 November 1948 21 June 1957
2 John G. Diefenbaker.jpg John Diefenbaker
(1895–1979)
21 June 1957 22 April 1963
3 Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg Lester B. Pearson
(1897–1972)
22 April 1963 20 April 1968
4 Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg Pierre Trudeau
(1919–2000)
20 April 1968 4 June 1979
5 JoeClark.jpg Joe Clark
(1939–)
4 June 1979 3 March 1980
(4) Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg Pierre Trudeau
(1919–2000)
3 March 1980 30 June 1984
6 Fmr CDN PM John Turner.jpg John Turner
(1929–)
30 June 1984 17 September 1984
7 Mulroney.jpg Brian Mulroney
(1939–)
17 September 1984 25 June 1993
8 KimCampbell.jpg Kim Campbell
(1947–)
25 June 1993 4 November 1993
9 Chretien crop Sept 9 2002.jpg Jean Chrétien
(1934–)
4 November 1993 12 December 2003
10 Paul Martin in 2011 crop.jpg Paul Martin
(1938–)
12 December 2003 6 February 2006
11 Stephen Harper by Remy Steinegger.jpg Stephen Harper
(1959–)
6 February 2006 Incumbent

Reference[6]

 Grenada[edit]

Grenada became an independent Commonwealth realm on 7 February 1974 with Eric Gairy as the first Prime Minister. Gairy had previously been Premier of Grenada.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Eric Gairy.jpg Sir Eric Gairy
(1922–1997)
7 February 1974 13 March 1979
2 Maurice Bishop 1982-06-11.jpg Maurice Bishop
(1943–1983)2
13 March 1979 19 October 19831
3 No image.svg Herbert Blaize
(1918–1999)
4 December 1984 19 December 1989
4 No image.svg Ben Jones
(1924–2005)
19 December 1989 16 March 1990
5 No image.svg Nicholas Brathwaite
(1925–)
16 March 1990 1 February 1995
6 No image.svg George Brizan
(1942–2012)
1 February 1995 22 June 1995
7 Keith mitchell grenada.JPG Keith Mitchell
(1946–)
22 June 1995 9 July 2008
8 Tillman Thomas.jpg Tillman Thomas
(1947–)
9 July 2008 20 February 2013
(7) Keith mitchell grenada.JPG Keith Mitchell
(1946–)
20 February 2013 Incumbent

Reference[7]

 Jamaica[edit]

Jamaica became an independent Commonwealth realm on 6 August 1962 with Alexander Bustamante as the first Prime Minister. Bustamante had previously been Premier of Jamaica.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 AlexBustamante.jpg Sir Alexander Bustamante
(1884–1977)
6 August 1962 23 February 1967
2 Donald Burns Sangster.jpg Sir Donald Sangster
(1911–1967)
23 February 1967 11 April 1967
3 No image.svg Hugh Shearer
(1923–2004)
11 April 1967 2 March 1972
4 Michael Manley 1977 cropped.png Michael Manley
(1924–1997)
2 March 1972 1 November 1980
5 Edward Seaga (1981).jpg Edward Seaga
(1930–)
1 November 1980 10 February 1989
(4) Michael Manley 1977 cropped.png Michael Manley
(1924–1997)
10 February 1989 30 March 1992
6 PJPatterson.jpg P. J. Patterson
(1935–)
30 March 1992 30 March 2006
7 Portia Simpson-Miller.jpg Portia Simpson-Miller
(1945–)
30 March 2006 11 September 2007
8 Bruce Golding Jamaica.jpg Bruce Golding
(1947–)
11 September 2007 23 October 2011
9 No image.svg Andrew Holness
(1972–)
23 October 2011 5 January 2012
(7) Portia Simpson-Miller.jpg Portia Simpson-Miller
(1945–)
5 January 2012 Incumbent

Reference[8]

 New Zealand[edit]

Sidney Holland was the incumbent Prime Minister of New Zealand when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sidney George Holland (1953).jpg Sidney Holland
(1893–1961)
13 December 1949 20 September 1957
2 Keith Holyoake (1960).jpg Keith Holyoake
(1904–1983)
20 September 1957 12 December 1957
3 Walter Nash (1951).jpg Walter Nash
(1882–1968)
12 December 1957 12 December 1960
(2) Keith Holyoake (1960).jpg Sir Keith Holyoake
(1904–1983)
12 December 1960 7 February 1972
4 Jack Marshall Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F011973-0020 cropped.jpg Jack Marshall
(1912–1988)
7 February 1972 8 December 1972
5 Norman Kirk Levin 1972 cropped.jpg Norman Kirk
(1923–1974)
8 December 1972 31 August 1974
6 Bill Rowling Shannon School.jpg Bill Rowling
(1927–1995)
6 September 1974 12 December 1975
7 Robert Muldoon 1977.jpg Sir Robert Muldoon
(1921–1992)
12 December 1975 26 July 1984
8 David Lange Posts a Letter.jpg David Lange
(1942–2005)
26 July 1984 8 August 1989
9 SirGeoffreyPalmer.jpg Geoffrey Palmer
(1942–)
8 August 1989 4 September 1990
10 Mike Moore.jpg Mike Moore
(1949–)
4 September 1990 2 November 1990
11 Jim Bolger at press conference cropped.jpg Jim Bolger
(1935–)
2 November 1990 8 December 1997
12 Clinton Shipley walk.jpg Jenny Shipley
(1952–)
8 December 1997 5 December 1999
13 Helen Clark 2.jpg Helen Clark
(1950–)
5 December 1999 19 November 2008
14 John Key 2013 (edit).jpg John Key
(1961–)
19 November 2008 Incumbent

Reference[9]

 Papua New Guinea[edit]

Papua New Guinea became an independent Commonwealth realm on 16 September 1975 with Michael Somare as the first Prime Minister. Somare had previously been Chief Minister of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Sir Michael Somare - 2009.jpg Michael Somare
(1936–)
16 September 1975 11 March 1980
2 No image.svg Sir Julius Chan
(1939–)
11 March 1980 2 August 1982
(1) Sir Michael Somare - 2009.jpg Michael Somare
(1936–)
2 August 1982 21 November 1985
3 No image.svg Paias Wingti
(1951–)
21 November 1985 4 July 1988
4 No image.svg Rabbie Namaliu
(1947–)
4 July 1988 17 July 1992
(3) No image.svg Paias Wingti
(1951–)
17 July 1992 30 August 1994
(2) No image.svg Sir Julius Chan
(1939–)
30 August 1994 27 March 1997
N/A No image.svg John Giheno
(1950–)
Acting Prime Minister
3
27 March 1997 2 June 19971
(2) No image.svg Sir Julius Chan
(1939–)
2 June 1997 22 July 1997
5 No image.svg Bill Skate
(1953–2006)
22 July 1997 14 July 1999
6 No image.svg Sir Mekere Morauta
(1946–)
14 July 1999 5 August 2002
(1) Sir Michael Somare - 2009.jpg Sir Michael Somare
(1936–)4
5 August 2002 2 August 2011
7 Peter O'Neill.jpg Peter O'Neill
(1965–)5
2 August 2011 Incumbent

Reference[10]

 Saint Kitts and Nevis[edit]

Saint Kitts and Nevis became an independent Commonwealth realm on 19 September 1983 with Kennedy Simmonds as the first Prime Minister. Simmonds had previously been Premier of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg Kennedy Simmonds
(1936–)
19 September 1983 7 July 1995
2 Denzil L Douglas.jpg Denzil Douglas
(1953–)
7 July 1995 18 February 2015
3 No image.svg Timothy Harris
(1964–)
18 February 2015 Incumbent

Reference[11]

 Saint Lucia[edit]

Saint Lucia became an independent Commonwealth realm on 22 February 1979 with John Compton as the first Prime Minister. Simmonds had previously been Premier of Saint Lucia.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg John Compton
(1925–2007)
22 February 1979 2 July 1979
2 No image.svg Allan Louisy
(1916–2011)
2 July 1979 4 May 1981
3 No image.svg Winston Cenac
(1925–2004)
4 May 1981 17 January 1982
N/A No image.svg Michael Pilgrim
(1947–)
Acting Prime Minister
17 January 1982 3 May 1982
(1) No image.svg Sir John Compton
(1925–2007)
3 May 1982 2 April 1996
4 No image.svg Vaughan Lewis
(1940–)
2 April 1996 24 May 1997
5 Kenny Anthony, Sta. Lucía.jpg Kenny Anthony
(1951–)
24 May 1997 15 December 2006
(1) No image.svg Sir John Compton
(1925–2007)
15 December 2006 7 September 20071
6 Stephenson King.jpg Stephenson King
(1958–)
7 September 2007 30 November 2011
(5) Kenny Anthony, Sta. Lucía.jpg Kenny Anthony
(1951–)
30 November 2011 Incumbent

Reference[12]

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[edit]

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines became an independent Commonwealth realm on 27 October 1979 with Milton Cato as the first Prime Minister. Cato had previously been Premier of Saint Vincent.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg Milton Cato
(1915–1997)
27 October 1979 30 July 1984
2 No image.svg Sir James Fitz-Allen Mitchell
(1931–)
30 July 1984 27 October 2000
3 Arnhim Eustace.jpg Arnhim Eustace
(1944–)
27 October 2000 29 March 2001
4 Ralph Gonsalves.jpg Ralph Gonsalves
(1946–)
29 March 2001 Incumbent

Reference[13]

 Solomon Islands[edit]

The Solomon Islands became an independent Commonwealth realm on 7 July 1978 with Peter Kenilorea as the first Prime Minister. Kenilorea had previously been Chief Minister of the Solomon Islands.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg Peter Kenilorea
(1943–)
7 July 1978 31 August 1981
2 No image.svg Solomon Mamaloni
(1943–2000)
31 August 1981 19 November 1984
(1) No image.svg Sir Peter Kenilorea
(1943–)
19 November 1984 1 December 1986
3 No image.svg Ezekiel Alebua
(1947–)
1 December 1986 28 March 1989
(2) No image.svg Solomon Mamaloni
(1943–2000)
28 March 1989 18 June 1993
4 No image.svg Francis Billy Hilly
(1948–)
18 June 1993 7 November 1994
(2) No image.svg Solomon Mamaloni
(1943–2000)
7 November 1994 27 August 1997
5 No image.svg Bartholomew Ulufa'alu
(1950–2007)
27 August 1997 30 June 2000
6 Manasseh Sogavare 2014.jpg Manasseh Sogavare
(1955–)
30 June 2000 17 December 2001
7 No image.svg Sir Allan Kemakeza
(1950–)
17 December 2001 20 April 2006
8 No image.svg Snyder Rini
(1949–)
20 April 2006 4 May 2006
(6) Manasseh Sogavare 2014.jpg Manasseh Sogavare
(1955–)
4 May 2006 20 December 2007
9 Derek Sikua.jpg Derek Sikua
(1959–)
20 December 2007 25 August 2010
10 DannyPhilip.jpg Danny Philip
(1953–)
25 August 2010 16 November 2011
11 Gordon Darcy Lilo.jpg Gordon Darcy Lilo
(1965–)
16 November 2011 9 December 2014
(6) Manasseh Sogavare 2014.jpg Manasseh Sogavare
(1955–)
9 December 2014 Incumbent

Reference[14]

 Tuvalu[edit]

Tuvalu became an independent Commonwealth realm on 1 October 1978 with Toaripi Lauti as the first Prime Minister. Lauti had previously been Chief Minister of Tuvalu.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg Toaripi Lauti
(1928–2014)
1 October 1978 8 September 1981
2 No image.svg Tomasi Puapua
(1938–)
8 September 1981 16 October 1989
3 No image.svg Bikenibeu Paeniu
(1956–)
16 October 1989 10 December 1993
4 No image.svg Kamuta Latasi
(1936–)
10 December 1993 24 December 1996
(3) No image.svg Bikenibeu Paeniu
(1956–)
24 December 1996 27 April 1999
5 No image.svg Ionatana Ionatana
(1938–2000)
27 April 1999 8 December 2000
N/A No image.svg Lagitupu Tuilimu
Acting Prime Minister6
8 December 2000 24 February 2001
6 No image.svg Faimalaga Luka
(1940–2005)
24 February 2001 14 December 2001
7 No image.svg Koloa Talake
(1934–)
14 December 2001 24 August 2002
8 No image.svg Saufatu Sopoanga
(1952–)
24 August 2002 25 August 2004
9 No image.svg Maatia Toafa
(1954–)
11 October 2004 14 August 2006
10 Apisai Ielemia cropped.jpg Apisai Ielemia
(1955–)
14 August 2006 29 September 2010
(9) No image.svg Maatia Toafa
(1954–)
29 September 2010 24 December 2010
11 WillyTevali.jpg Willy Telavi
(1954–)
24 December 2010 1 August 2013
12 Enele Sopoaga 2015.jpg Enele Sopoaga
(1956–)7
5 August 2013 Incumbent

Reference[15]

 United Kingdom[edit]

Winston Churchill was the incumbent Prime Minister of the United Kingdom when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Winston Churchill cph.3a49758.jpg Sir Winston Churchill
(1874–1965)
26 October 1951 6 April 1955
2 Sir Anthony-Eden number 10 Official.jpg Sir Anthony Eden
(1897–1977)
6 April 1955 10 January 1957
3 Harold Macmillan number 10 official.jpg Harold Macmillan
(1894–1986)
10 January 1957 19 October 1963
4 Alec Douglas-Home (c1963).jpg Sir Alec Douglas-Home
(1903–1995)
19 October 1963 16 October 1964
5 Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg Harold Wilson
(1916–1995)
16 October 1964 19 June 1970
6 Heathdod.JPG Edward Heath
(1916–2005)
19 June 1970 4 March 1974
(5) Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg Harold Wilson
(1916–1995)
4 March 1974 5 April 1976
7 James Callaghan.JPG James Callaghan
(1912–2005)
5 April 1976 4 May 1979
8 Margaret Thatcher cropped2.png Margaret Thatcher
(1925–2013)
4 May 1979 28 November 1990
9 John Major 1996.jpg John Major
(1943–)
28 November 1990 2 May 1997
10 Tony Blair in 2002.png Tony Blair
(1953–)
2 May 1997 27 June 2007
11 Gordon Brown official.jpg Gordon Brown
(1951–)
27 June 2007 11 May 2010
12 David Cameron official.jpg David Cameron
(1966–)
11 May 2010 Incumbent

Reference[16]

Prime Ministers of former realms[edit]

The following former Commonwealth realms became republics during Elizabeth's reign. Whereupon an office of "Prime Minister" remained after the transition, and the incumbent at the time of transition remained in that office, the date of the end of that period in office is given in the tables below.

 Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)[edit]

D. S. Senanayake was the incumbent Prime Minister of Ceylon when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Official Photographic Portrait of Don Stephen Senanayaka (1884-1952).jpg D. S. Senanayake
(1883–1952)
24 September 1947 22 March 1952
2 Dudley Shelton Senanayaka (1911-1973).jpg Dudley Senanayake
(1911–1973)
26 March 1952 12 October 1953
3 Sir John Lionel Kotelawala (1897-1980).jpg Sir John Kotelawala
(1895–1980)
12 October 1953 12 April 1956
4 Official Photographic Portrait of S.W.R.D.Bandaranayaka (1899-1959).jpg S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike
(1899–1959)
12 April 1956 26 September 1959
5 Wijeyananda Dahanayake portrait.jpg Wijeyananda Dahanayake
(1901–1997)
26 September 1959 20 March 1960
(2) Dudley Shelton Senanayaka (1911-1973).jpg Dudley Senanayake
(1911–1973)
21 March 1960 21 July 1960
6 Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranayaka (1916-2000) (Hon.Sirimavo Bandaranaike with Hon.Lalith Athulathmudali Crop).jpg Sirimavo Bandaranaike
(1916–2000)
21 July 1960 27 March 1965
(2) Dudley Shelton Senanayaka (1911-1973).jpg Dudley Senanayake
(1911–1973)
27 March 1965 29 May 1970
(6) Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranayaka (1916-2000) (Hon.Sirimavo Bandaranaike with Hon.Lalith Athulathmudali Crop).jpg Sirimavo Bandaranaike
(1916–2000)
29 May 1970 23 July 1977

Reference[17]

Ceylon abolished the monarchy on 22 May 1972 and renamed the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Bandaranaike remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 23 July 1977.

 Fiji[edit]

Fiji became an independent Commonwealth realm on 10 October 1970 with Kamisese Mara as the first Prime Minister. Mara had previously been Chief Minister of Fiji.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Kamisese Mara.jpg Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara
(1920–2004)
10 October 1970 13 April 1987
2 No image.svg Timoci Bavadra
(1934–1989)
13 April 1987 14 May 1987

Reference[18]

Following the 1987 Fijian coups d'état (which resulted in a vacancy in the premiership until December 1987), on 7 October 1987 the new ruling regime declared the nation to have become the Republic of Fiji. Fiji's relationship with the monarchy after this transition is complex (see Monarchy of Fiji).

 The Gambia[edit]

The Gambia became an independent Commonwealth realm on 18 February 1965 with Dawda Jawara as the first Prime Minister. Jawara had previously been Prime Minister of the Gambia Colony and Protectorate.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Dawda Jawara (1979).jpg Sir Dawda Jawara
(1924–)
6 March 1965 24 April 1970

Reference[19]

The Gambia abolished the monarchy on 24 April 1970 via referendum. Jawara became President of the Gambia on the same day as the post of Prime Minister was abolished.

 Ghana[edit]

Ghana became an independent Commonwealth realm on 15 August 1957, with Kwame Nkrumah as its first Prime Minister. Nkrumah had previously been Prime Minister of the Gold Coast.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Kwame Nkrumah (JFKWHP-AR6409-A).jpg Kwame Nkrumah
(1909–1972)
15 August 1957 1 July 1960

Reference[20]

Ghana abolished the monarchy on 1 July 1960 via referendum. Nkrumah became President of Ghana on the same day as the post of Prime Minister was abolished.

 Guyana[edit]

Guyana became an independent Commonwealth realm on 26 May 1966, with Forbes Burnham as its first Prime Minister. Burnham had previously been Premier of British Guiana.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 LFSB.jpg Forbes Burnham
(1923–1985)
26 May 1966 6 October 1980

Reference[21]

Guyana abolished the monarchy on 23 February 1970. Burnham remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 6 October 1980.

 Kenya[edit]

Kenya became an independent commonwealth realm on 12 December 1963, with Jomo Kenyatta becoming the first Prime Minister. Kenyatta had previously been Prime Minister of Kenya Colony.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1
Jomo Kenyatta.jpg
Jomo Kenyatta
(1891–1978)
12 December 1963 12 December 1964

Reference[22]

Kenya abolished the monarchy on 12 December 1964. Kenyatta became President of Kenya as the post of Prime Minister was abolished.

 Malawi[edit]

Malawi became an independent commonwealth realm on 6 July 1964, with Hastings Banda as Prime Minister. Banda had previously been the Prime Minister of the Nyasaland Protectorate.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Banda and Youens in 1964.jpg Hastings Banda
(1898–1997)
6 July 1964 6 July 1966

Reference[23]

Malawi abolished the monarchy on 6 July 1966. Banda became President of Malawi as the post of Prime Minister was abolished.

 Malta[edit]

Malta became an independent commonwealth realm on 21 September 1964, with Giorgio Borġ Olivier as Prime Minister. Olivier had previously been the Prime Minister of Malta Colony.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Georgeborgolivier.jpg Giorgio Borġ Olivier
(1911–1980)
21 September 1964 21 June 1971
2 Dom Mintoff (1974).jpg Dom Mintoff
(1916–2012)
21 June 1971 22 December 1984

Reference[24]

Malta abolished the monarchy on 13 December 1974. Mintoff remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 22 December 1984.

 Mauritius[edit]

Mauritius became an independent commonwealth realm on 12 March 1968, with Seewoosagur Ramgoolam becoming the first Prime Minister of Mauritius. Ramgoolam had previously been Chief Minister of British Mauritius.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Seewoosagur Ramgoolam - David Ben Gurion 1962.jpg Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
(1900–1985)
12 March 1968 30 June 1982
2 Anerood Jugnauth January 2013.jpg Sir Anerood Jugnauth
(1930–)
30 June 1982 15 December 1995

Reference[25]

Mauritius became the Republic of Mauritius on 12 March 1992. Jugnauth remained in office as the republic's Prime Minister until 15 December 1995.

 Nigeria[edit]

The Federation of Nigeria became an independent commonwealth realm on 1 October 1960, with Abubakar Tafawa Balewa becoming the first Prime Minister of Nigeria. Balewa had previously been Chief Minister of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1
Balewa.jpg
Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
(1912–1966)
1 October 1960 15 January 1966

Reference[26]

Nigeria became the Federal Republic of Nigeria on 1 October 1963. Balewa remained in office as the republic's Prime Minister until his overthrow and assassination in the 1966 Nigerian coup d'etat on 15 January 1966.

 Pakistan[edit]

Khawaja Nazimuddin was the incumbent Prime Minister of the Pakistan when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 Khawaja Nazimuddin of Pakistan.JPG Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin
(1894–1964)
17 October 1951 17 April 1953
2 53bogra nehru (cropped).jpg Mohammad Ali Bogra
(1909–1963)
17 April 1953 12 August 1955
3 No image.svg Chaudhry Muhammad Ali
(1905–1980)
12 August 1955 12 September 1956

Reference[27]

Pakistan abolished the monarchy on 23 March 1956. Ali remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 12 September 1956.

 Sierra Leone[edit]

Sierra Leone became an independent commonwealth realm on 27 April 1961, with Milton Margai as the first Prime Minister of Sierra Leone. Margai had previously been Prime Minister of the Protectorate of Sierra Leone.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 No image.svg Sir Milton Margai
(1895–1964)
27 April 1961 28 April 1964
2 No image.svg Sir Albert Margai
(1910–1980)
28 April 1964 21 March 1967
3 No image.svg Siaka Stevens
(1905–1988)
(see below) (see below)

Reference[28]

Siaka Stevens assumed the role of Prime Minister following his party's narrow victory in the 1967 general election. However, immediately after taking office, Stevens was deposed by the National Reformation Council in a coup d'état and placed under house arrest. Military rule persisted until an April 1968 counter-coup restored Steven's premiership.[29]

Sierra Leone became the Republic of Sierra Leone in 19 April 1971. Stevens left the office of Prime Minister two days later and became President of Sierra Leone.

 South Africa[edit]

Daniel François Malan was the incumbent Prime Minister of South Africa when Elizabeth became Queen.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1
DFMalanPortret.jpg
Daniel François Malan
(1874–1959)
4 June 1948 30 November 1954
2
JG Strijdom.jpg
Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom
(1893–1958)
30 November 1954 24 August 1958
3 HF Verwoerd Transvaler.jpg Hendrik Verwoerd
(1901–1966)
24 August 1958 6 September 1966

Reference[30]

South Africa abolished the monarchy on 31 May 1961 via referendum. Verwoerd remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 6 September 1966.

 Tanganyika (now Tanzania)[edit]

Tanganyika became an independent commonwealth realm on 9 December 1961, with Julius Nyerere as its first Prime Minister. Nyerere had previously been Chief Minister of Tanganyika.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1
Julius Nyerere 1977.jpg
Julius Nyerere
(1922–1999)
9 December 1961 22 January 1962
2 No image.svg Rashidi Kawawa
(1926–2009)
22 January 1962 9 December 1962

Reference[31]

Tanganyika abolished the monarchy on 9 December 1962. The post of Prime Minister was abolished.

 Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

Trinidad and Tobago became an independent commonwealth realm on 31 August 1962, with Eric Williams as its first Prime Minister. Williams had previously been Premier of Trinidad and Tobago.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1 EricWilliams.jpg Eric Williams
(1911–1981)
31 August 1962 29 March 1981

Reference[32]

Trinidad and Tobago abolished the monarchy on 1 August 1976. Williams remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 29 March 1981.

 Uganda[edit]

Uganda became an independent Commonwealth realm on 1 October 1978 with Milton Obote as the first Prime Minister. Obote had previously been Prime Minister of the Ugandan Protectorate.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure
Took office Left office
1
Obote cropped.png
Milton Obote
(1925–2005)
9 October 1962 15 April 1966

Reference[33]

Uganda abolished the monarchy8 on 9 October 1963. Obote remained in office as the republic's first Prime Minister until 15 April 1966.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniel Hall. "Antigua and Barbuda". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  2. ^ Daniel Hall. "Australia". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  3. ^ Daniel Hall. "The Bahamas". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  4. ^ Daniel Hall. "Barbados". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  5. ^ Daniel Hall. "Belize". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  6. ^ Daniel Hall. "Canada". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  7. ^ Daniel Hall. "Grenada". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  8. ^ Daniel Hall. "Jamaica". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  9. ^ Daniel Hall. "New Zealand". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  10. ^ Daniel Hall. "Papua New Guinea". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  11. ^ Daniel Hall. "Saint Kitts and Nevis". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  12. ^ Daniel Hall. "Saint Lucia". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  13. ^ Daniel Hall. "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  14. ^ Daniel Hall. "Solomon Islands". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  15. ^ Daniel Hall. "Tuvalu". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  16. ^ Daniel Hall. "United Kingdom". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  17. ^ Daniel Hall. "Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  18. ^ Daniel Hall. "Fiji". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  19. ^ Daniel Hall. "The Gambia". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  20. ^ Daniel Hall. "Ghana". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  21. ^ Daniel Hall. "Guyana". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  22. ^ Daniel Hall. "Kenya". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  23. ^ Daniel Hall. "Malawi". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  24. ^ Daniel Hall. "Malta". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  25. ^ Daniel Hall. "Mauritius". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  26. ^ Daniel Hall. "Nigeria". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  27. ^ Daniel Hall. "Pakistan". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  28. ^ Daniel Hall. "Sierra Leone". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  29. ^ Keen, David (2005). Conflict and Collusion in Sierra Leone. Oxford: James Currey. ISBN 0-85255-883-X. 
  30. ^ Daniel Hall. "South Africa". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  31. ^ Daniel Hall. "Tanganyika (now Tanzania)". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  32. ^ Daniel Hall. "Trinidad and Tobago". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  33. ^ Daniel Hall. "Uganda". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ After Christie suffered a stroke Cynthia A. Pratt served as acting Prime Minister from 4 May to 22 June 2005.
  2. ^ Maurice Bishop held de facto government control for most of the People's Revolutionary Government period (from 13 March 1979 till 14 October 1983). On 14 October 1983 Bishop was deposed by Bernard Coard and Bishop was killed on 19 October. Coard held power only briefly before military government was declared. After the invasion Grenada's pre-revolutionary system of government, and the office of Prime Minister, was restored on 4 December 1984. The website of the Grenadian government lists Bishop as a former Prime Minister, but not Coard nor any other individual who held de facto or de jure power in this period.
  3. ^ Due to the Sandline affair, Chan resigned as Prime Minister on 27 March 1997 and Giheno took over as acting Prime Minister. He regained the position on 2 June 1997, shortly before the being ousted in a general election.
  4. ^ For two periods in 2010 — 2011 Sam Abal was Acting Prime Minister.
  5. ^ The 2011–12 Papua New Guinean constitutional crisis was a dispute between Somare and O'Neill as to who held the position of Prime Minister.
  6. ^ Tuilimu served as acting prime minister following the death of Ionatana.
  7. ^ Telavi was removed from office on 1 August 2013. Sopoaga briefly served as acting Prime Minister before being sworn in as Prime Minister on 5 August 2013
  8. ^ A constitutional change ended Elizabeth II's reign in Uganda on 9 October 1963 though Uganda did not formally use the term "Republic" until 1966.