List of heads of government of Romania

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This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Romanian state, from the establishment of the United Principalities to the present day.

Affiliations[edit]

The political stance of prime ministers prior to the development of a modern party system is given by:

  C (Conservative)   MC (Moderate Conservative)
  RL (Radical Liberal)   ML (Moderate Liberal)

The political stance of prime ministers after the development of a modern party system is given by:

  PNL = National Liberal Party (historical)/(contemporary)   PC = Conservative Party
  PNR/PNȚ/PNȚ-CD = Romanian National Party/National Peasants' Party/Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party   PP = People's Party
  PCD = Conservative-Democratic Party   Ind. = Independent
  PND = Democratic Nationalist Party   PNC = National Christian Party
  FRN = National Renaissance Front
(from 1940 PN; Party of the Nation)
  FP = Ploughmen's Front
  PMR = Romanian Workers' Party
(from 1965 PCR; Romanian Communist Party)
  FSN/PDL = National Salvation Front/Democratic Liberal Party
  PDSR = Party of Social Democracy in Romania
(from 2001 PSD; Social Democratic Party)
  Mil. = Military
  PSDR = Romanian Social Democratic Party

Interim officeholders are denoted by italics.

List of officeholders[edit]

United Principalities (1859–1881)[edit]

From 1859 to 1862, the two principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) had each its own Government, and a Cabinet, seated in Iași and Bucharest respectively. In 1862 Alexandru Ioan Cuza changed the Constitution and there appeared a single Government and Cabinet, seated in Bucharest.

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
(1862–1881)
1 Barbu Catargiu2.jpg Barbu Catargiu
(1807–1862)
? 15 February 1862 8 June 1862 † 113 days Con. Catargiu
Apostolos Arsakis 3.jpg Apostol Arsache
(1789–1869)
8 June 1862 23 June 1862 15 days Con.
2 Nicolae Cretulescu.jpg Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
24 June 1862 11 October 1863 1 year, 109 days Mod. Lib. Crețulescu I
3 Mihail Kogalniceanu utexas.jpg Mihail Kogălniceanu
(1817–1891)
1864 11 October 1863 26 January 1865 1 year, 107 days Mod. Lib. Kogălniceanu
4 Constantin Bosianu.jpg Constantin Bosianu
(1815–1882)
26 January 1865 14 June 1865 139 days Mod. Lib. Bosianu
(2) Nicolae Cretulescu.jpg Nicolae Crețulescu
(1812–1900)
14 June 1865 11 February 1866 242 days Mod. Lib. Crețulescu II
5 Ion Ghica 02.jpg Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
Apr.1866 11 February 1866 10 May 1866 88 days Mod. Lib. Ghica I
6 Lascarcatargiu.jpg Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
11 May 1866 13 July 1866 63 days Con. Catargiu I
(5) Ion Ghica 02.jpg Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
Nov.1866 15 July 1866 21 February 1867 221 days Mod. Lib. Ghica II
7 Constantin Al. Creţulescu.jpg Constantin A. Crețulescu
(1809–1884)
1 March 1867 4 August 1867 156 days Rad. Lib. Crețulescu
8 Stefan Golescu - foto.jpg Ștefan Golescu
(1809–1874)
1867 26 November 1867 12 May 1868 168 days Rad. Lib. Golescu
9 Nicolae Golescu desen.png Nicolae Golescu
(1810–1877)
1868 1 May 1868 15 November 1868 198 days Rad. Lib. Golescu
10 Dimitrie Ghica.jpg Dimitrie Ghica
(1816–1897)
16 November 1868 27 January 1870 1 year, 72 days Mod. Con. Ghica
11 Alexandru G. Golescu1.jpg Alexandru G. Golescu
(1819–1881)
1869 2 February 1870 18 April 1870 75 days Mod. Lib. Golescu
12 Manolache Costache Epureanu.jpg Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
20 April 1870 14 December 1870 238 days Con. Epureanu I
(5) Ion Ghica 02.jpg Ion Ghica
(1816–1897)
18 December 1870 11 March 1871 83 days Mod. Lib. Ghica III
(6) Lascarcatargiu.jpg Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
11 March 1871 30 March 1876 5 years, 19 days Con. Catargiu II
13 Emanoil Ion Florescu 01.jpg Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
4 April 1876 26 April 1876 22 days Con. Florescu I
(12) Manolache Costache Epureanu.jpg Manolache Costache Epureanu
(1823–1880)
6 May 1876 5 August 1876 91 days PNL Epureanu II
14 Ion C. Bratianu 01.png Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
5 August 1876 13 March 1881 4 years, 220 days PNL I. Brătianu IIIIII

Kingdom of Romania (1881–1947)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Presidents of the Council of Ministers
(1881–1947)
14 Ion C. Bratianu 01.png Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
13 March 1881 9 April 1881 27 days PNL I. Brătianu III
15 Dimitrie Brătianu.png Dimitrie Brătianu
(1818–1892)
10 April 1881 8 June 1881 59 days PNL D. Brătianu
(14) Ion C. Bratianu 01.png Ion Brătianu
(1821–1891)
9 June 1881 20 March 1888 6 years, 285 days PNL I. Brătianu VI
16 Teodor Rosetti.jpg Theodor Rosetti
(1837–1923)
23 March 1888 22 March 1889 364 days PC Rosetti III
(6) Lascarcatargiu.jpg Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
29 March 1889 3 November 1889 219 days PC Catargiu III
17 Gheorghe Manu.jpg Gheorghe Manu
(1833–1911)
5 November 1889 15 February 1891 1 year, 102 days PC Manu
(13) Emanoil Ion Florescu 01.jpg Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
2 March 1891 29 December 1891 302 days PC Florescu II
(6) Lascarcatargiu.jpg Lascăr Catargiu
(1823–1899)
1892 29 December 1891 15 October 1895 3 years, 290 days PC Catargiu IV
18 Dimitrie A Sturdza.jpg Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
15 October 1895 2 December 1896 1 year, 48 days PNL Sturdza I
19 Petre S Aurelian.jpg Petre S. Aurelian
(1833–1909)
2 December 1896 12 April 1897 131 days PNL Aurelian
(18) Dimitrie A Sturdza.jpg Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
12 April 1897 23 April 1899 2 years, 11 days PNL Sturdza II
20 Cantacuzino.jpg Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
23 April 1899 19 July 1900 1 year, 87 days PC Cantacuzino I
21 P.P. Carp.jpeg Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
19 July 1900 13 February 1901 209 days PC Carp I
(18) Dimitrie A Sturdza.jpg Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
1901 27 February 1901 4 January 1906 4 years, 311 days PNL Sturdza III
(20) Cantacuzino.jpg Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino
(1833–1913)
4 January 1906 24 March 1907 1 year, 79 days PC Cantacuzino II
(18) Dimitrie A Sturdza.jpg Dimitrie Sturdza
(1833–1914)
1907 24 March 1907 9 January 1909 1 year, 291 days PNL Sturdza IV
22 Ion I C Bratianu - Foto01.jpg Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
9 January 1909 28 December 1910 1 year, 353 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu III
(21) P.P. Carp.jpeg Petre P. Carp
(1837–1919)
1911 29 December 1910 28 March 1912 1 year, 90 days PC Carp II
23 Titu Maiorescu - Foto01.jpg Titu Maiorescu
(1840–1917)
1912 28 March 1912 31 December 1913 1 year, 278 days PC Maiorescu III
(22) Ion I C Bratianu - Foto01.jpg Ion I. C. Brătianu[a]
(1864–1927)
1914 4 January 1914 28 January 1918 4 years, 24 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu IIIIV
24 Alexandru Averescu - Foto01.jpg Alexandru Averescu[a]
(1859–1938)
29 January 1918 4 March 1918 34 days Mil. Averescu I
25 Marghiloman 2.jpg Alexandru Marghiloman[a]
(1854–1925)
1918 5 March 1918 23 October 1918 232 days PC Marghiloman
26 Constantin Coanda.jpg Constantin Coandă[a]
(1857–1932)
24 October 1918 29 November 1918 36 days Mil. Coandă
(22) Ion I C Bratianu - Foto01.jpg Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
29 November 1918 26 September 1919 301 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu V
27 ArturVaitoianu.jpg Artur Văitoianu
(1864–1956)
27 September 1919 30 November 1919 64 days Mil. Văitoianu
28 Vaida-Voevod.jpg Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
1919 1 December 1919 12 March 1920 102 days PNR Vaida-Voevod I
(24) Alexandru Averescu - Foto01.jpg Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
1920 13 March 1920 16 December 1921 1 year, 278 days PP Averescu II
29 Take jonescu.png Take Ionescu
(1858–1922)
17 December 1921 19 January 1922 33 days PCD Ionescu
(22) Ion I C Bratianu - Foto01.jpg Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
1922 19 January 1922 29 March 1926 4 years, 69 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu VI
(24) Alexandru Averescu - Foto01.jpg Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
1926 30 March 1926 4 June 1927 1 year, 66 days PP Averescu III
30 Barbu Stirbey.jpg Barbu Știrbey
(1873–1946)
4 June 1927 20 June 1927 16 days Ind. Știrbey
(22) Ion I C Bratianu - Foto01.jpg Ion I. C. Brătianu
(1864–1927)
1927 21 June 1927 24 November 1927 156 days PNL I.I.C. Brătianu VII
31 Vintila Bratianu - Foto01.jpg Vintilă Brătianu
(1867–1930)
24 November 1927 9 November 1928 351 days PNL V. Brătianu
32 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2000-0518-507, Julius Maniu.jpg Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
1928 10 November 1928 6 June 1930 1 year, 208 days PNȚ Maniu I
33 Gheorghe Mironescu.jpg Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
7 June 1930 12 June 1930 5 days PNȚ Mironescu I
(32) Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2000-0518-507, Julius Maniu.jpg Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
13 June 1930 9 October 1930 118 days PNȚ Maniu II
(33) Gheorghe Mironescu.jpg Gheorghe Mironescu
(1874–1949)
10 October 1930 17 April 1931 189 days PNȚ Mironescu II
34 Nicolae Iorga.jpg Nicolae Iorga
(1871–1940)
1931 18 April 1931 5 June 1932 1 year, 48 days PND Iorga
(28) Vaida-Voevod.jpg Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
1932 6 June 1932 19 October 1932 221 days PNȚ Vaida-Voevod IIIII
(32) Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2000-0518-507, Julius Maniu.jpg Iuliu Maniu
(1873–1953)
20 October 1932 13 January 1933 85 days PNȚ Maniu III
(28) Vaida-Voevod.jpg Alexandru Vaida-Voevod
(1872–1950)
14 January 1933 13 November 1933 303 days PNȚ Vaida-Voevod IV
35 Ion Gheorghe Duca - Foto02.jpg Ion G. Duca
(1879–1933)
1933 14 November 1933 29 December 1933 † 45 days PNL Duca
Constantin Angelescu.jpg Constantin Angelescu
(1870–1948)
29 December 1933 3 January 1934 5 days PNL Angelescu
36 Gheorghe Tătărescu.jpg Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
4 January 1934 28 December 1937 3 years, 358 days PNL Tătărescu IIIIIIIV
37 Octavian Goga.jpg Octavian Goga
(1881–1938)
1937 29 December 1937 10 February 1938 43 days PNC Goga
38 Miron Cristia patriach of Romania.JPG Patriarch
Miron Cristea
(1868–1939)
11 February 1938 6 March 1939 † 1 year, 23 days Ind. Cristea IIIIII
39 Armand Calinescu.jpg Armand Călinescu
(1893–1939)
1939 7 March 1939 21 September 1939 † 198 days FRN Călinescu
40 Argeseanu Gheorghe2.jpg Gheorghe Argeșanu
(1883–1940)
21 September 1939 28 September 1939 7 days Mil. Argeșanu
41 Constantin Argetoianu. Portret fotografic..jpg Constantin Argetoianu
(1871–1955)
28 September 1939 23 November 1939 56 days FRN Argetoianu
(36) Gheorghe Tătărescu.jpg Gheorghe Tătărescu
(1886–1957)
24 November 1939 3 July 1940 222 days FRN Tătărescu VVI
42 Ion Gigurtu.jpg Ion Gigurtu
(1886–1959)
4 July 1940 4 September 1940 62 days FRN Gigurtu
43 Ion antonescu.png Ion Antonescu[b]
(1882–1946)
4 September 1940 23 August 1944 3 years, 354 days Mil. Antonescu IIIIII
44 ConstantinSanatescu.jpg Constantin Sănătescu
(1885–1947)
23 August 1944 5 December 1944 104 days Mil. Sănătescu III
45 Nicolae Radescu.jpg Nicolae Rădescu
(1874–1953)
6 December 1944 28 February 1945 84 days Mil. Rădescu
46 Petru Groza Anefo.jpg Petru Groza
(1884–1958)

1946
6 March 1945 29 December 1947 2 years, 298 days FP Groza III

Romanian People's Republic/Socialist Republic of Romania (1947–1989)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Presidents of the Council of Ministers (informally Prime Ministers)
(1947–1989)
46 Petru Groza Anefo.jpg Petru Groza
(1884–1958)

1948
30 December 1947 2 June 1952 4 years, 155 days FP Groza IIIIV
47 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej1.jpg Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
(1901–1965)

1952
2 June 1952 4 October 1955 3 years, 124 days PMR Gheorghiu-Dej III
48 Chivu Stoica 1957.jpg Chivu Stoica
(1908–1975)

1957
4 October 1955 20 March 1961 5 years, 167 days PMR Stoica III
49 Ion Gheorghe Maurer1.jpg Ion Gheorghe Maurer
(1902–2000)
1961
1965
1969
21 March 1961 27 February 1974 12 years, 343 days PCR Maurer IIIIIIVIV
50 Manea Manescu.jpg Manea Mănescu
(1916–2009)

1975
27 February 1974 30 March 1979 5 years, 31 days PCR Mănescu III
51 Ilie Verdet.jpg Ilie Verdeț
(1925–2001)

1980
30 March 1979 20 May 1982 3 years, 51 days PCR Verdeț III
52 Constantin Dăscălescu 1983b (cropped).jpg Constantin Dăscălescu
(1923–2003)

1985
21 May 1982 22 December 1989 7 years, 215 days PCR Dăscălescu III

Romania (1989–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party Cabinet
Took office Left office Time in office
Prime Ministers
(since 1989)
CFSN Revolution Roumaine.jpg Council of the National Salvation Front
de facto
22 December 1989 26 December 1989 4 days FSN Provisional
53 Petre Roman.jpg Petre Roman[c]
(born 1946)

1990
26 December 1989 16 October 1991 1 year, 294 days FSN Roman IIIIII
54 Conventia PD-L 2013 - Theodor Stolojan (2).jpg Theodor Stolojan[d]
(born 1943)
16 October 1991 19 November 1992 1 year, 34 days FSN Stolojan I
55 Nicolae Văcăroiu.jpg Nicolae Văcăroiu
(born 1943)
1992 19 November 1992 11 December 1996 4 years, 22 days PDSR Văcăroiu
56 Victor Ciorbea (1).JPG Victor Ciorbea
(born 1954)
1996 12 December 1996 30 March 1998 1 year, 108 days PNȚ-CD Ciorbea
Gavril Dejeu
(born 1932)
30 March 1998 17 April 1998 18 days PNȚ-CD
57 Radu Vasile(2).tif Radu Vasile
(1942–2013)
17 April 1998 13 December 1999 1 year, 240 days PNȚ-CD Vasile
Alexandru Athanasiu
(born 1955)
13 December 1999 22 December 1999 9 days PSDR
58 Mugur Isărescu.jpg Mugur Isărescu
(born 1949)
22 December 1999 28 December 2000 1 year, 6 days Ind. Isărescu
59 Adrian Năstase3.jpg Adrian Năstase
(born 1950)
2000 28 December 2000 21 December 2004 3 years, 359 days PSD Năstase
5. Reuniunea BPN al PSD - 17.03.2014 (13216493103) (cropped).jpg Eugen Bejinariu
(born 1959)
21 December 2004 28 December 2004 7 days PSD
60 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu at a government meeting (cropped).jpg Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
(born 1952)
2004 29 December 2004 22 December 2008 3 years, 359 days PNL Tăriceanu III
61 Emil Boc 2011-06-23.jpg Emil Boc
(born 1966)
2008 22 December 2008 6 February 2012 3 years, 46 days PDL Boc I–II
Cătălin Predoiu 2008.jpg Cătălin Predoiu
(born 1968)
6 February 2012 9 February 2012 3 days Ind. Boc II
62 Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu (nov 2013) (cropped).JPG Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu
(born 1968)
9 February 2012 7 May 2012 88 days Ind. Ungureanu
63 Victor Ponta debate November 2014.jpg Victor Ponta
(born 1972)

2012
7 May 2012 22 June 2015 3 years, 46 days PSD Ponta IIIIIIIV
Gabriel Oprea.jpg Gabriel Oprea
(born 1961)
22 June 2015 9 July 2015 17 days UNPR Ponta IV
(63) Victor Ponta debate November 2014.jpg Victor Ponta
(born 1972)
9 July 2015 29 July 2015 20 days PSD
Gabriel Oprea.jpg Gabriel Oprea
(born 1961)
29 July 2015 10 August 2015 12 days UNPR
(63) Victor Ponta debate November 2014.jpg Victor Ponta
(born 1972)
10 August 2015 5 November 2015 87 days PSD
SorinCîmpeanu2015 (cropped).jpg Sorin Cîmpeanu
(born 1968)
5 November 2015 17 November 2015 12 days ALDE
64 Dacian Ciolos (cropped).jpg Dacian Cioloș
(born 1969)
17 November 2015 4 January 2017 1 year, 48 days Ind. Cioloș
65 Sorin Grindeanu in Geneva - 2018 (25019917997) (cropped).jpg Sorin Grindeanu
(born 1973)
2016 4 January 2017 29 June 2017 176 days PSD Grindeanu
66 Mihai Tudose 2018.jpg Mihai Tudose
(born 1967)
29 June 2017 16 January 2018 201 days PSD Tudose
Mihai-Viorel Fifor.jpg Mihai Fifor
(born 1970)
16 January 2018 29 January 2018 13 days PSD
67 Reuven Rivlin at a meeting with Viorica Dăncilă, April 2018 (3549) (cropped).jpg Viorica Dăncilă
(born 1963)
29 January 2018 4 November 2019 1 year, 279 days PSD Dăncilă
68 OrbanLudovicRO.jpg Ludovic Orban
(born 1963)
4 November 2019 14 March 2020 1 year, 33 days PNL Orban I
14 March 2020 7 December 2020 Orban II
NicolaeCiuca 2019.jpg Nicolae Ciucă
(born 1967)
7 December 2020 23 December 2020 16 days PNL
69 Florin Cîțu - jan 2020 (cropped).jpg Florin Cîțu
(born 1972)
2020 23 December 2020 Incumbent 171 days PNL Cîțu

Romania used the Julian calendar prior to 1919, but all dates are given in the Gregorian calendar.

Timeline[edit]

19th century[edit]

Petre P. CarpGheorghe Grigore CantacuzinoDimitrie SturdzaPetre S. AurelianDimitrie SturdzaLascăr CatargiuIon Emanuel FlorescuGheorghe ManuLascăr CatargiuTheodor RosettiIon BrătianuDimitrie BrătianuIon BrătianuManolache Costache EpureanuIon Emanuel FlorescuLascăr CatargiuIon GhicaManolache Costache EpureanuAlexandru G. GolescuDimitrie GhicaNicolae GolescuȘtefan GolescuConstantin A. CrețulescuIon GhicaLascăr CatargiuIon GhicaNicolae CrețulescuConstantin BosianuMihail KogălniceanuNicolae CrețulescuApostol ArsacheBarbu Catargiu

20th century[edit]

Adrian NăstaseMugur IsărescuAlexandru AthanasiuRadu VasileGavril DejeuVictor CiorbeaNicolae VăcăroiuTheodor StolojanPetre RomanConstantin DăscălescuIlie VerdețManea MănescuIon Gheorghe MaurerChivu StoicaGheorghe Gheorghiu-DejPetru GrozaNicolae RădescuConstantin SănătescuIon AntonescuIon GigurtuGheorghe TătărescuConstantin ArgetoianuGheorghe ArgeșanuArmand CălinescuMiron CristeaOctavian GogaGheorghe TătărescuConstantin AnghelescuIon G. DucaAlexandru Vaida-VoevodIuliu ManiuAlexandru Vaida-VoevodNicolae IorgaGheorghe MironescuIuliu ManiuGheorghe MironescuIuliu ManiuVintilă BrătianuIon I. C. BrătianuBarbu ŞtirbeyAlexandru AverescuIon I. C. BrătianuTake IonescuAlexandru AverescuAlexandru Vaida-VoevodArtur VăitoianuIon I. C. BrătianuConstantin CoandăAlexandru MarghilomanAlexandru AverescuIon I. C. BrătianuTitu MaiorescuPetre P. CarpIon I. C. BrătianuDimitrie SturdzaGheorghe Grigore CantacuzinoDimitrie SturdzaPetre P. Carp

21st century[edit]

Florin CîțuNicolae CiucăLudovic OrbanViorica DăncilăMihai FiforMihai TudoseSorin GrindeanuDacian CioloșSorin CîmpeanuVictor PontaMihai Răzvan UngureanuCătălin PredoiuEmil BocCălin Popescu-TăriceanuEugen BejinariuAdrian Năstase

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Due to World War I, served in refuge at Iași, 3 December 1916 – 29 November 1918
  2. ^ From 14 September 1940, styled Conducător
  3. ^ Interim until 20 June 1990, following elections
  4. ^ Stolojan joined the National Salvation Front (FSN) at the time he took office as Prime Minister back in 1991

References[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nicolae C. Nicolescu, Șefii de stat și de guvern ai României (1859–2003), Editura Meronia, Bucharest, 2003
  • Stelian Neagoe, Istoria guvernelor României de la începuturi – 1859 până în zilele noastre – 1995, Editura Machiavelli, Bucharest, 1995

External links[edit]