Prime Minister of Slovakia

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Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic
Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Robert Fico

since 4 April 2012
Residence Summer Archbishop's Palace
Appointer President
Term length The Prime minister's term of office depends on support of the National Council.
Inaugural holder Štefan Sádovský
Formation 2 January 1969
Website http://www.vlada.gov.sk/
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Slovakia

The Chairman of the Government of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Predseda vlády Slovenskej republiky), also known as the Prime Minister (Slovak: Premiér), is the head of the Government of Slovakia. On paper he is the third highest constitutional official in Slovakia after the President of Slovakia and the Speaker of the National Council. In practice, he is the country's leading political figure.

The office itself was created in 1969 and since then there has been 14 prime ministers serving in the office. Since 1993, when independent Slovakia emerged, seven prime ministers (five individuals only) have been serving in the office. On April 4, 2012, Robert Fico became the 7th and current prime minister.

History[edit]

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1969 by the Constitutional Law of Federation. However, a similar office had existed from 1918 when various officials were presiding over executive bodies governing the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia or the Slovak state respectively. From 1993, when the independent Slovak Republic was established, there have been five persons to hold the office. From 2012 the current Prime Minister is Robert Fico.

Powers and role[edit]

Since Slovakia is a parliamentary republic the Prime Minister is accountable to the National Council. The Slovak Constitution provides that upon the accession to the office each Prime Minister must gain and thereafter maintain the confidence of the Parliament. As soon as the Prime Minister loses the confidence, the President is obliged to dismiss him and designate a new Prime Minister or entrust the dismissed Prime Minister to act as a caretaker with limited powers.

The Prime Minister is the most powerful office in state, since he commands and presides over the Government. Although it is not the Prime Minister but the President who appoints Ministers in Cabinet, the President appoints Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia[edit]

Designated Prime Minister of Slovakia (Slovak: designovaný predseda vlády) is an unofficial title for a person who has been entrusted by the President of the Slovak Republic with forming a new government and replacing the outgoing Prime Minister. This title, as well as the authorization of the president to entrust the designated PM, is not set by an act but is a legal or, more precisely, constitutional tradition. According to this tradition, the President designates a person who has support of the majority of deputies in the National Council.

List of Prime Ministers of Slovakia[edit]

First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1938)[edit]

Minister plenipotentiary for administration of Slovakia

Land President of Slovakia

Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938–1939)[edit]

Prime Ministers of the Autonomy Government of Slovakia

First Slovak Republic (1939–1945)[edit]

Prime Ministers of the First Slovak Republic

Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945–1948)[edit]

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948–1989)[edit]

1 January 1969 – 5 March 1990: called "Slovak Socialist Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Chairman of the Board of Commissioners

Chairman of the Slovak National Council

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Socialist Republic

  1. Štefan Sádovský: 2 January 1969 – 5 May 1969
  2. Peter Colotka: 5 May 1969 – 12 October 1988
  3. Ivan Knotek: 13 October 1988 – 22 June 1989
  4. Pavel Hrivnák: 23 June 1989 – 8 December 1989

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (1990–1992)[edit]

6 March 1990 – 31 December 1992: called "Slovak Republic" within Czechoslovakia.

Prime Ministers of the Slovak Republic

Parties

  KSČ   VPN   KDH

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council
Took Office Left Office Days
5 Milan Čič (jan. 2012).jpg Milan Čič
(1932–2012)
10 December 1989 27 June 1990 197 Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
(KSČ)
I KSČVPN 5 ( ···· )
Public Against Violence
(VPN)
6 Vladimir meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(1942–)
27 June 1990 6 May 1991 299 Public Against Violence
(VPN)
I VPNKDHDS – MNI 6 (1990)
7 Ján Čarnogurský (2012).jpg Ján Čarnogurský
(1944–)
6 May 1991 24 June 1992 428 Christian Democratic Movement
(KDH)
I ODÚKDHDS – MNI 6 ( ···· )

Slovak Republic (1993–present)[edit]

From 1 January 1993 after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

Parties

  HZDS/ĽS-HZDS (National-conservative)
  DEÚS (Liberal-conservative)
  SDK (Christian democrat)
  SDKÚ/SDKÚ-DS (Liberal-conservative)
  SMER-SD (Social democratic)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet National Council President of Slovak Republic
(1. Term of Office)
(2. Political Party)
Took Office Left Office Days
1
(1 of 2)
Vladimir meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(1942–)
24 June 1992 15 March 1994 629 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
II HZDS, joined by SNS in 1993 7 (1992) Michal Kováč
Michal Kováč.jpg

(1. 2 March 1993–2 March 1998)
(2. Movement for a Democratic Slovakia)
2 Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg Jozef Moravčík
(1945–)
15 March 1994 13 December 1994 273 Democratic Union of Slovakia
(DEÚS)
I DEÚSKDHSDĽ – NDS 7 ( ···· )
1
(2 of 2)
Vladimir meciar.jpg Vladimír Mečiar
(1942–)
13 December 1994 30 October 1998 1417 Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
(HZDS)
III HZDSZRSSNSRSS 1 (1994)
3 Mikulas Dzurinda.jpg Mikuláš Dzurinda
(1955–)
30 October 1998 15 October 2002 2804 Slovak Democratic Coalition
(SDK)
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
I SDKSDĽSMKSOP
SDK later replaced by SDKÚ
2 (1998) Rudolf Schuster
Rudolf Schuster 2011.jpg

(1. 15 June 1999–15 June 2004)
(2. Party of Civic Understanding)
16 October 2002 4 July 2006 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union
(SDKÚ)
II SDKÚSMKKDHANO 3 (2002)
4
(1 of 3)
Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg Robert Fico
(1964–)
4 July 2006 8 July 2010 1465 Direction – Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
I SMER-SDSNSĽS-HZDS 4 (2006) Ivan Gašparovič
Ivan Gašparovič.jpg

(1. 15 June 2004–15 June 2014)
(2. Movement for Democracy)
5 Iveta Radičová (jan. 2012).jpg Iveta Radičová
(1956–)
8 July 2010 4 April 2012 636 Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
(SDKÚ-DS)
I SDKÚ-DSSaSKDHMost–Híd 5 (2010)
4
(2 of 3)
Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg Robert Fico
(1964–)
4 April 2012 23 March 2016 2078 Direction – Social Democracy
(SMER-SD)
II SMER-SD 6 (2012)
4
(3 of 3)
23 March 2016 Incumbent III SMER-SDSNSMost–HídSIET' 7 (2016) Andrej Kiska
Andrej Kiska in Senate of Poland.jpg

(1. 15 June 2014–)
(2. Independent)

Statistics[edit]

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Mečiar, VladimírVladimír Mečiar 19420726July 26, 1942(July 26, 1942) 49 33449 years, 334 days 05 2215 years, 221 days 56 09656 years, 96 days Living 27,53375 years, 139 days (Living)
2 Moravčík, JozefJozef Moravčík 19450319March 19, 1945(March 19, 1945) 49 36149 years, 361 days 00 2730 years, 273 days 50 26950 years, 269 days Living 26,56672 years, 268 days (Living)
3 Dzurinda, MikulášMikuláš Dzurinda 19550204February 4, 1955(February 4, 1955) 43 26843 years, 268 days 07 2477 years, 247 days 51 15051 years, 150 days Living 22,95762 years, 311 days (Living)
4 Fico, RobertRobert Fico 19640915September 15, 1964(September 15, 1964) 41 29241 years, 292 days 06 173 6179 years, 256 days (Ongoing) Incumbent Living 19,44653 years, 88 days (Living)
5 Radičová, IvetaIveta Radičová 19561207December 7, 1956(December 7, 1956) 53 21353 years, 213 days 01 2711 year, 271 days 55 11955 years, 119 days Living 22,28561 years, 5 days (Living)

See also[edit]