List of Prime Ministers of Spain

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This article is part of a series on the
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The following is the list of those who have served as President of the Government (i.e., the Prime Minister) of Spain. It also includes similar offices presiding over the Council of Ministries since the position gained a significant power.

Kingdom of Spain (1705–1873)[edit]

Secretaries of the Universal Bureau[edit]

Picture Name From Until Monarch
(Reign)
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Pedro Fernández del Campo y Angulo,
Marquis of Mejorada
11 July 1705 15 April 1714 King Philip V
Felipe V de España.jpg
(1700–1724)
Manuel de Vadillo y Velasco 15 April 1714 30 November 1714
José de Grimaldo y Gutiérrez de Solórzano
Marquis of Grimaldo
(1st time)
30 November 1714 14 January 1724
Juan Bautista de Orendáin y Azpilicueta
(1st time)
14 January 1724 4 September 1724 King Louis I
Luis I, rey de España.jpg
(1724)
José de Grimaldo y Gutiérrez de Solórzano
Marquis of Grimaldo
(2nd time)
4 September 1724 12 December 1725 King Philip V
Felipe V de España.jpg
(1724–1746)
Johan Willem Ripperda.jpg Juan Guillermo Ripperdá
Duke and Baron of Ripperdá
12 December 1725 14 April 1726
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg José de Grimaldo y Gutiérrez de Solórzano
Marquis of Grimaldo
(3rd time)
14 April 1726 1 October 1726
Juan Bautista Orendáin y Azpilicueta
Marquis of La Paz
(2nd time)
1 October 1726 21 November 1734

First Secretaries of State[edit]

Picture Name From Until Monarch
(Reign)
JoséPatiñoMuseoNaval.jpg José de Patiño y Rosales 21 November 1734 3 November 1736 King Philip V
Felipe V de España.jpg
(1724–1746)
Sebastian de la Cuadra.jpg Sebastián de la Cuadra y Llerena
1st Marquis of Villarías
26 November 1736 4 December 1746
José de Carvajal y Lancaster.jpg José de Carvajal y Lancaster 4 December 1746 9 April 1754 King Ferdinand VI
Rey Fernando VI.jpg
(1746–1759)
12th Duke of Alba by Mengs.jpg Fernando de Silva Mendoza y Toledo
Duke of Hueścar
9 April 1754 15 May 1754
Ricardo Wall.jpg Ricardo Wall y Devreux 15 May 1754 10 August 1759
10 August 1759 9 October 1763 King Charles III
Charles III of Spain.jpg
(1759–1788)
Jerónimo Grimaldi.jpg Pablo Jerónimo de Grimaldi y Pallavicini
Duke of Grimaldi
9 October 1763 19 February 1777
Floridablanca.JPG José Moñino y Redondo
Count of Floridablanca
19 February 1777 14 December 1788
14 December 1788 28 February 1792 King Charles IV
Carlos IV de rojo.jpg
(1788–1808)
Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda.jpg Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea y Ximénez de Urrea
Count of Aranda
Acting First Secretary of State
28 February 1792 15 November 1792
Manuel de Godoy y Alvarez de Faria, 1er Duque de Alcúdia; retratado por Agustín Esteve.JPG Manuel de Godoy y Álvarez de Faria
Duke of Alcudia
15 November 1792 28 March 1798
Francisco-Saavedra-by-Goya.jpg Francisco Saavedra de Sangronis
Acting First Secretary of State until 6 September 1798
30 March 1798 21 February 1799
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Mariano Luis de Urquijo y Muga
Acting First Secretary of State
12 February 1799 13 December 1799
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
(1st time)
13 December 1799 3 March 1808
Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera
Acting First Secretary of State
3 March 1808 19 March 1808
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
(2nd time)
19 March 1808 7 July 1808 King Ferdinand VII
Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg
(1808)
Mariano Luis de Urquijo y Muga
(2nd time)
7 July 1808 27 June 1813 King Joseph I
Joseph-Bonaparte.jpg
(1808–1813)
JuanODonoju.jpg Juan O'Donoju O'Ryan
Acting First Secretary of State
10 October 1813 17 October 1813
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Fernando de Laserna
Acting First Secretary of State
17 October 1813 3 December 1813
José Luyando
Acting First Secretary of State
3 December 1813 4 May 1814 King Ferdinand VII
Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg
(1813–1833)
Retrato del Duque de San Carlos.jpg José Miguel de Carvajal-Vargas y Manrique de Lara
Duke of San Carlos
4 May 1814 15 November 1814
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Pedro Cevallos Guerra
(3rd time)
15 November 1814 24 January 1816
Juan Esteban Lozano de Torres 24 January 1816 26 January 1816
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
(4th time)
26 January 1816 30 October 1816
José García de León y Pizarro 30 October 1816 14 September 1818
Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón.jpg Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón
Marquis of Casa Irujo
Acting First Secretary of State
14 September 1818 12 June 1819
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Manuel González Salmón y Gómez de Torres
Acting First Secretary of State
12 June 1819 12 September 1819
Joaquín José Melgarejo y Saurín
Duke of San Fernando de Quiroga
12 September 1819 18 March 1820
Juan Jabat Aztal
Acting First Secretary of State
18 March 1820
Evaristo Pérez de Castro.jpg Evaristo Pérez de Castro y Brito 18 March 1820 2 March 1821
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Joaquín Anduaga Cuenca
Acting First Secretary of State
2 March 1821 23 April 1821
Francisco de Paula Escudero
Acting First Secretary of State
23 April 1821
Eusebio Bardají y Azara 23 April 1821 8 January 1822
Ramón López Pelegrín
Acting First Secretary of State
8 January 1822 24 January 1822
José Gabriel de Silva y Bazán
Marquis of Santa Cruz
24 January 1822 30 January 1822
Ramón López Pelegrín
Acting First Secretary of State
30 January 1822 28 February 1822
MartinezRosa-1-.jpg Francisco Martínez de la Rosa 28 February 1822 5 August 1822
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor
Acting First Secretary of State from 28 February 1822
5 August 1822 25 April 1823
José Manuel Vadillo
Acting First Secretary of State
25 April 1823 7 May 1823
Santiago Usoz y Mozi
Acting First Secretary of State
7 May 1823 13 May 1823
José María Pando de la Riva y Ramírez de Laredo 13 May 1823 29 August 1823
Luis María de Salazar y Salazar
Acting First Secretary of State
29 August 1823 4 September 1823
Juan Antonio Yandiola Garay
Acting First Secretary of State
4 September 1823 6 September 1823
José Luyando
(2nd time)
6 September 1823 1 October 1823
Víctor Damián Sáez y Sánchez-Mayor
Acting First Secretary of State until 7 August 1823
(counter-government until 1 October 1823.)
25 April 1823 2 December 1823
Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón.jpg Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón
Marquis of Casa Irujo
(2nd time)
2 December 1823 18 January 1824
Conde de Ofalia.JPG Narciso Fernández de Heredia y Begines de los Ríos
Count of Ofalia
18 January 1824 11 July 1824
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Luis María de Salazar y Salazar
Acting First Secretary of State
11 July 1824
Francisco Cea Bermúdez
(1st time)
11 July 1824 24 October 1825
Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo y Salm Salm, XIII duque del Infantado (Museo del Prado).jpg Pedro Alcantara Álvarez de Toledo y Salm Salm
Duke of the Infantado
24 October 1825 19 August 1826
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Manuel González Salmón y Gómez de Torres
Acting First Secretary of State until 15 October 1830
19 August 1826 20 January 1832
Francisco Tadeo Calomarde.jpg Francisco Tadeo Calomarde y Arría
Acting First Secretary of State
20 January 1832 22 February 1832
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Antonio de Saavedra y Frígola, conde de Alcudia
Acting First Secretary of State
22 February 1832 1 October 1832
José Cafranga Costilla
Acting First Secretary of State
1 October 1832 29 November 1832
Francisco Cea Bermúdez
(2nd time)
29 November 1832 15 January 1834

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political Party Monarch
(Reign)
MartinezRosa-1-.jpg Francisco Martínez de la Rosa 15 January 1834 7 June 1835 Moderate Royalist Queen Dowager Maria Christina
Regent for
Queen Isabella II

María Cristina de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, reina de España.jpg
(1833–1840)
Conde-de-Toreno.jpg José María Queipo de Llano Ruiz de Saravia
Count of Toreno
7 June 1835 14 September 1835
Don Miguel Ricardo de Alava by William Salter cropped.jpg Miguel Ricardo de Álava Esquivel
(rejected his nomination, staying as
the Spanish ambassador in London.
)
14 September 1835 25 September 1835 Progressive
Juan Alvarez Mendizabal.jpg Juan Álvarez Mendizabal 25 September 1835 15 May 1836
Francisco Javier Istúriz.jpg Francisco Javier Isturiz y Montero
Acting Prime Minister
(1st time)
15 May 1836 14 August 1836 Moderate
Calatrava.jpg José María Calatrava
Acting Prime Minister
14 August 1836 18 August 1837 Progressive
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Baldomero Espartero
Count of Luchana
(1st time)
18 August 1837 18 October 1837
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Eusebio Bardají y Azara 18 October 1837 16 December 1837 Moderate
Conde de Ofalia.JPG Narciso de Heredia y Begines de los Ríos
Count of Ofalia
16 December 1837 6 September 1838
Bernardino Fernández de Velasco y Benavides-Duque de Frías.JPG Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, 14th Duke of Frías 6 September 1838 9 December 1838
Alaix-galería.jpg Isidro de Alaix Fábregas
Acting Prime Minister
9 December 1838
Evaristo Pérez de Castro.jpg Evaristo Pérez de Castro Brito 9 December 1838 18 July 1840
Antonio González González.jpg Antonio González y González
(1st time)
20 July 1840 12 August 1840 Progressive
Ferraz.JPG Valentín Ferraz y Barrau 12 August 1840 28 August 1840
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Modesto Cortázar
Acting Prime Minister
29 August 1840 11 September 1840 Moderate
Vicente Sancho redondeado.png Vicente Sancho 11 September 1840 16 September 1840
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Baldomero Espartero
Duke of Victory
(2nd time)
16 September 1840 10 May 1841 Progressive Baldomero Espartero
Regent for
Queen Isabella II

Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara.jpg
(1840–1843)
Goya JoaquinFerrer.200.jpg Joaquín María de Ferrer y Cafranga 10 May 1841 20 May 1841
Antonio González González.jpg Antonio González y González
(2nd time)
20 May 1841 17 June 1842
Retrato del general Rodil (Dionisio Fierros Álvarez).jpg José Ramón Rodil y Campillo
Marquis of Rodil
17 June 1842 9 May 1843
Joaquín María López.png Joaquín María López
(1st time)
9 May 1843 19 May 1843
Don Álvaro Gómez Becarra.jpg Álvaro Gómez Becerra 19 May 1843 23 July 1843
Joaquín María López.png Joaquín María López
(2nd time)
23 July 1843 20 November 1843 Queen Isabella II
Isabel II of Spain.jpg
(1833/1843–1868)
Salustiano Olózaga.jpg Salustiano Olózaga 20 November 1843 5 December 1843 Moderate
Luis Gonzales Bravo.jpg Luis González Bravo
(1st time)
5 December 1843 3 May 1844 Progressive
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(1st time)
3 May 1844 12 February 1846 Moderate
(Década Moderada)
Marques de miraflores.jpg Manuel Pando Fernández de Pinedo
Marquis of Miraflores
(1st time)
12 February 1846 16 March 1846
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(2nd time)
16 March 1846 5 April 1846
Francisco Javier Istúriz.jpg Francisco Javier Isturiz y Montero
(2nd time)
5 April 1846 28 January 1847
Carlos mirujo sotomayor.jpg Carlos Martínez de Irujo
Marquis of Casa Irujo, Duke of Sotomayor
28 January 1847 28 March 1847
JoaquinFranciscoPacheco.jpg Joaquín Francisco Pacheco y Gutiérrez Calderón 28 March 1847 31 August 1847
Marqués de Salamanca joven.jpg José de Salamanca y Mayol 31 August 1847 12 September 1847
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Florencio García Goyena 12 September 1847 4 October 1847
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(3rd time)
4 October 1847 19 October 1849
Serafín María de Sotto (Museo del Ejército).JPG Serafín María de Sotto, 3rd Count of Clonard
(appointment revoked before he could take office.)
19 October 1849 20 October 1849
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(4th time)
20 October 1849 14 January 1851
Juan Bravo Murillo.jpg Juan Bravo Murillo 14 January 1851 14 December 1852
Conde de alcoy.JPG Federico de Roncali, 1st Count of Alcoy 14 December 1852 14 April 1853
Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea.jpg Francisco de Lersundi y Hormaechea 14 April 1853 19 September 1853
Luis José Sartorius.jpg Luis José Sartorius
Count of San Luis
19 September 1853 17 July 1854
Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Córdova 17 July 1854 18 July 1854
DuquedeRivas.jpg Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano
Duke of Rivas
18 July 1854 19 July 1854
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Baldomero Espartero
Duke of Victory
(3rd time)
19 July 1854 14 July 1856 Progressive
Leopoldo O'Donnell.jpg Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris
(1st time)
14 July 1856 12 October 1856 Unión Liberal
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(5th time)
12 October 1856 15 October 1857 Moderate
Marqués de Nervión.JPG Francisco Armero y Peñaranda
Marquis of Nervión
15 October 1857 14 January 1858
Francisco Javier Istúriz.jpg Francisco Javier Isturiz y Montero
(3rd time)
14 January 1858 30 June 1858
Leopoldo O'Donnell.jpg Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris
(2nd time)
30 June 1858 2 March 1863 Unión Liberal
Marques de miraflores.jpg Manuel Pando Fernández de Pinedo
Marquis of Miraflores
(2nd time)
2 March 1863 17 January 1864 Moderate
Lorenzo Arrazola y García.jpg Lorenzo Arrazola y García 17 January 1864 1 March 1864
Alejandro Mon.png Alejandro Mon Menéndez 1 March 1864 16 September 1864 Unión Liberal
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(6th time)
16 September 1864 21 June 1865 Moderate
Leopoldo O'Donnell.jpg Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris
(3rd time)
21 June 1865 10 July 1866 Unión Liberal
Ramon Maria Narvaez.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
(7th time)
10 July 1866 23 April 1868 Moderate
Luis Gonzales Bravo.jpg Luis González Bravo
(2nd time)
23 April 1868 19 September 1868 Progressive
José de la Concha, en La Ilustración Ibérica.jpg José Gutiérrez de la Concha, 1st Marquis of Havana 19 September 1868 30 September 1868 Moderate
Pascual madoz.jpg Pascual Madoz
Acting Prime Minister
30 September 1868 3 October 1868 No formal
Head of State
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Duke of La Torre, Count of San Antonio
(1st time)
3 October 1868 18 June 1869 Liberal Union
Prim madrazo.jpeg General Juan Prim y Prats
Marquis of Los Castillejos, Count of Reus, Viscount of Bruch
18 June 1869 27 December 1870 Progressist Liberal Regent Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
(1869–1870)
Topete.jpg Juan Bautista Topete y Carballo
Acting Prime Minister
27 December 1870 4 January 1871 Liberal Union King Amadeo
Amadeo I, rey de España.jpg
(1870–1873)
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Duke of La Torre, Count of San Antonio
(2nd time)
4 January 1871 24 July 1871
RuizZorrilla.png Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
(1st time)
24 July 1871 5 October 1871 Democratic
José Malcampo, 3rd Marquis of San Rafael.jpg José Malcampo y Monge
Marquis of San Rafael, Count of Jolo
5 October 1871 21 December 1871
Portrait of Praxedes Mateo Sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(1st time)
12 December 1871 26 May 1872 Progressist Liberal
Topete.jpg Juan Bautista Topete y Carballo
Acting Prime Minister
26 May 1872 4 June 1872 Liberal Union
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Duke of La Torre, Count of San Antonio
(3rd time)
4 June 1872 13 June 1872
Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Córdova
Acting Prime Minister
13 June 1872 16 June 1872 Moderate Liberal
RuizZorrilla.png Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
(2nd time)
16 June 1872 12 February 1873 Democratic-Republican

First Spanish Republic (1873–1874)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Provisional Government)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political leaning Head of State
(Term)
Figueras y Moragas.jpg Estanislao Figueras y Moragas 12 February 1873 11 June 1873 Federal republican Prime Minister
was also
Head of State
Francisco Pi y Margall.jpg Francisco Pi y Margall 11 June 1873 18 July 1873
Nicolas Salmeron.jpg Nicolás Salmerón Alonso 18 July 1873 7 September 1873 Moderate republican
Emilio Castelar Ripoll 1901 Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida.jpg Emilio Castelar y Ripoll 7 September 1873 4 January 1874 Unitary republican
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
(4th time)
4 January 1874 26 February 1874 Conservative republican dictatorship
Juan de Zavala y de la Puente.jpg Juan de Zavala y de la Puente 26 February 1874 3 September 1874
Portrait of Praxedes Mateo Sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(2nd time)
3 September 1874 30 December 1874 Liberal
Amadeo I abdicates.
Republic declared
Seville declares itself a Canton
The cantonal revolution starts
Military coup by Gen. Pavía
Coup by Gen. Martínez Campos.
Monarchy restored in Alfonso XII
1873
1874
1875

Prime Ministers of Spain during the First Republic

Kingdom of Spain (First restoration, 1874–1931)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political Party Monarch
(Reign)
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(1st time)
31 December 1874 12 September 1875 Conservative King Alfonso XII
ALFONSO 12º.jpg
(1874–1885)
General Joaquin Jovellar y Soler painting.jpg Joaquín Jovellar y Soler 12 September 1875 2 December 1875
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(2nd time)
2 December 1875 7 March 1879
Arsenio martinez campos.jpg Arsenio Martínez Campos 7 March 1879 9 December 1879
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(3rd time)
9 December 1879 8 February 1881
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(3rd time)
8 February 1881 13 October 1883 Liberal
José de Posada Herrera.jpg José Posada Herrera 13 October 1883 18 January 1884
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(4th time)
18 January 1884 27 November 1885 Conservative
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(4th time)
27 November 1885 5 July 1890 Liberal Queen Dowager Maria Christina
Regent for
King Alfonso XIII

Alfonso XIII et sa mère photo valentin gomez.jpg
(1886–1902)
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(5th time)
5 July 1890 11 December 1892 Conservative
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(5th time)
11 December 1892 23 March 1895 Liberal
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
(6th time)
23 March 1895 8 August 1897 Conservative
Marcelo-Azcárraga-Palmero-1898.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
Acting Prime Minister until 21 August 1897
(1st time)
8 August 1897 4 October 1897
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(6th time)
4 October 1897 4 March 1899 Liberal
Francisco Silvela.JPG Francisco Silvela y de le Vielleuze
(1st time)
4 March 1899 23 October 1900 Conservative
Marcelo-Azcárraga-Palmero-1898.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
(2nd time)
23 October 1900 6 March 1901
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
(7th time)
6 March 1901 6 December 1902 Liberal
Francisco Silvela.JPG Francisco Silvela y de le Vielleuze
(2nd time)
6 December 1902 20 July 1903 Conservative King Alfonso XIII
Roi Alfonso XIII.jpg
(1886/1902–1931)
Raimundo fernandez villaverde.jpg Raimundo Fernández Villaverde
(1st time)
20 July 1903 5 December 1903
D. Antonio Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
(1st time)
5 December 1903 16 December 1904
Marcelo-Azcárraga-Palmero-1898.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
(3rd time)
16 December 1904 27 January 1905
Raimundo fernandez villaverde.jpg Raimundo Fernández Villaverde
(2nd time)
27 January 1905 23 June 1905
Eugenio Montero Ríos 1914.jpg Eugenio Montero Ríos 23 June 1905 1 December 1905 Liberal
SegismundoMoret.jpg Segismundo Moret y Prendergast
(1st time)
1 December 1905 6 July 1906
Jose-Lopez-Dominguez-1897.jpg José López Domínguez 6 July 1906 30 November 1906
SegismundoMoret.jpg Segismundo Moret y Prendergast
(2nd time)
30 November 1906 4 December 1906
Marques de Vega de Armijo.jpg Antonio González de Aguilar y Correa
Marquis of Vega de Armijo
4 December 1906 25 January 1907
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
(2nd time)
25 January 1907 21 October 1909 Conservative
SegismundoMoret.jpg Segismundo Moret y Prendergast
(3rd time)
21 October 1909 9 February 1910 Liberal
Don J. Canalejas.jpg José Canalejas y Méndez 9 February 1910 12 November 1912
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
Acting Prime Minister
(1st time)
12 November 1912 14 November 1912
Romanones.jpg Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta
Count of Romanones
(1st time)
14 November 1912 27 October 1913
EDato.jpg Eduardo Dato e Iradier
(1st time)
27 October 1913 9 December 1915 Conservative
Romanones.jpg Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta
Count of Romanones
(2nd time)
9 December 1915 19 April 1917 Liberal
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
(2nd time)
19 April 1917 11 June 1917 Liberal-Democratic
EDato.jpg Eduardo Dato e Iradier
(2nd time)
11 June 1917 3 November 1917 Conservative
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
(3rd time)
3 November 1917 22 March 1918 Liberal-Democratic
(Concentration government)
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
(3rd time)
22 March 1918 9 November 1918 Conservative
(Concentration government)
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
(4th time)
9 November 1918 5 December 1918 Liberal-Democratic
Romanones.jpg Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta
Count of Romanones
(3rd time)
5 December 1918 15 April 1919 Liberal
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
(4th time)
15 April 1919 20 July 1919 Conservative
(Concentration government)
Sánchez Toca.JPG Joaquín Sánchez de Toca Calvo 20 July 1919 12 December 1919 Conservative
Manuel Allendesalazar.jpg Manuel Allendesalazar
(1st time)
12 December 1919 5 May 1920
EDato.jpg Eduardo Dato e Iradier
(3rd time)
5 May 1920 8 March 1921
Gabino Bugallal.JPG Gabino Bugallal Araújo
Count of Bugallal
Acting Prime Minister
8 March 1921 13 March 1921
Manuel Allendesalazar.jpg Manuel Allendesalazar
(2nd time)
13 March 1921 14 August 1921
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
(5th time)
14 August 1921 8 March 1922 Conservative
(Concentration government)
J.SánchezGuerra.jpg José Sánchez-Guerra y Martínez 8 March 1922 7 December 1922 Conservative
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
(5th time)
7 December 1922 15 September 1923 Liberal-Democratic
Primo-de-rivera.JPG General Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja
Army Captain General, Marquis of Estella and Ajdir
(Head of the Military Directory until 3 December 1925.)
15 September 1923 30 January 1930 Military Dictatorship
Damaso Berenguer.JPG Dámaso Berenguer
Count of Xauén, Army General
30 January 1930 18 February 1931 Military "Dictablanda"
Coat of Arms of Spain (1874-1931) Golden Fleece and Mantle Variant.svg Juan Bautista Aznar-Cabañas
Navy Admiral
18 February 1931 14 April 1931
Third Carlist War finishes.
Carlist pretender defeated.
King Alfonso XII dies while his only son
would not be born until 6 months later.
Regent Queen Dowager Maria Christina
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
PM Cánovas is assassinated
by anarchist Michele Angiolillo
Spanish–American War erupts
Spain loses its last colonies.
King Alfonso XIII is declared
of age at his 16th birthday.
Regent Queen Dowager Maria Christina
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
PM Canalejas is assassinated
by anarchist Manuel Pardiñas
PM Dato is assassinated
by three Catalan anarchists
Coup by Gen. Primo de Rivera
is met with acceptance by the King
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932

Prime Ministers of Spain during the Bourbon Restoration

Second Spanish Republic (1931–1939)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)[edit]

Parties

      DLR       AR       PRR       Independent       IR       UR       PSOE

Coalitions

      Centrist coalition       Centre-right coalition       Centre-left coalition       Mixed coalition

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Government Composition Legislature President
(Term)
Took office Left office Days
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12783, Alcala Zamora.jpg Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
(1877–1949)
14 April
1931
14 October
1931
183 Liberal Republican Right II Rep. 1
Alcalá-Zamora
PSOE-PRR-PRRS-AR-DLR-FRG-PCR Provisional Vacant
President of the Provisional Government of the Second Spanish Republic. Writing of the Spanish Constitution of 1931. 1931 Burning of Convents.
Manuel Azaña, 1933.jpg Manuel Azaña
(1880–1940)
14 October
1931
16 December
1931
699 Republican Action II Rep. 2
Azaña I
PSOE-PRR-PRRS-AR-FRG-PCR I (1931) Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12783, Alcala Zamora.jpg
(1931–1936)
16 December
1931
12 June
1933
II Rep. 3
Azaña II
PSOE-ERC-PRRS-AR-FRG
12 June
1933
12 September
1933
II.Rep 4
Azaña III
PSOE-ERC-PRRS-AR-FRG-PRF
1931–33 "Reformist Biennium". Spanish Constitution of 1931 adopted. 1932 failed coup d'état. 1932 Catalonia Statute of Autonomy. 1933 Casas Viejas incident. Extension of suffrage to women in 1933. 1933 Law Confessions and Religious Congregations Law. Growing parliamentary opposition resulted in his dismissal by President Alcalá-Zamora.
Lerroux face.jpg Alejandro Lerroux
(1864–1949)
12 September
1933
9 October
1933
27 Radical Republican Party Lerroux I PRR-PRRS-ERC-AR-FRG-IRS
Named to the post after Azaña's resignation. Resigned after failing to form a stable government.
Martínez Barrio.JPG Diego Martínez Barrio
(1883–1962)
9 October
1933
16 December
1933
68 Radical Republican Party Martínez Barrio I PRR-PRRS-ERC-AR-FRG-PRP-IRS
Named to the post to organize the 1933 election.
Lerroux face.jpg Alejandro Lerroux
(1864–1949)
16 December
1933
28 April
1934
133 Radical Republican Party Lerroux II PRR-PAE-PRP-PRLD-PG II (1933)
Start of the 1933–35 "Conservative Biennium". Elected to the post after reaching a parliamentary agreement with the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right (CEDA). Resigned after Alcalá-Zamora's refusal to sign an amnesty decree for the military personnel involved in the 1932 coupt d'etat attempt.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1931-1939).svg Ricardo Samper
(1881–1938)
28 April
1934
4 October
1934
159 Radical Republican Party Samper PRR-PAE-PRP-PRLD-PG
Succeeded Lerroux after his resignation. Served for a few months before the CEDA withdrew support from him because of his perceived weakness to deal with social problems.
Lerroux face.jpg Alejandro Lerroux
(1864–1949)
4 October
1934
25 September
1935
356 Radical Republican Party Lerroux III CEDA-PRR-PAE-PRLD-PG
3 April
1935
6 May
1935
Lerroux IV PRR-PRP
6 May
1935
25 September
1935
Lerroux V CEDA-PRR-PAE-PRLD-PRP
CEDA's entry into the government. Revolution of 1934, 1934 Asturian miners' strike and Events of October the 6th. Suspension of the Catalonia Statute of Autonomy. Resigned because of the 1935 Straperlo scandal.
Joaquín Chapaprieta.jpg Joaquín Chapaprieta
(1871–1951)
25 September
1935
14 December
1935
80 Independent Chapaprieta CEDA-PRR-PAE-LRC-PRP
Succeeded Lerroux. Served for a few months before resigning as a result of the CEDA and the PRR withdrawing support from the government.
Manuel Portela.png Manuel Portela
(1867–1952)
14 December
1935
30 December
1936
67 Independent Portela I LRC-PRP-Independents
30 December
1935
19 February
1936
Portela II Independents
Named to the post to organize the 1936 election.
Manuel Azaña, 1933.jpg Manuel Azaña
(1880–1940)
19 February
1936
10 May
1936
81 Republican Left Azaña IV Popular Front
(IR-UR)
III (1936)
Elected to the post after the Popular Front victory in the 1936 election. Left the office to becoem President of the Republic.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1931-1939).svg Augusto Barcía
(1881–1961)
10 May
1936
13 May
1936
3 Republican Left Azaña IV Popular Front
(IR-UR)
Manuel Azaña
Manuel Azaña, 1933.jpg
(1936–1939)
Acting PM after Azaña's resignation.
Casares Quiroga.JPG Santiago Casares Quiroga
(1884–1950)
13 May
1936
19 July
1936
67 Republican Left Casares Quiroja Popular Front
(IR-UR-ERC)
Spanish coup of July 1936. Start of 1936–39 Spanish Civil War and 1936–37 Spanish Revolution. Resigned after not being able to acknowledge the threat of the coup in time.
Martínez Barrio.JPG Diego Martínez Barrio
(1883–1962)
19 July
1936
19 July
1936
0 Republican Union Martínez Barrio II Popular Front
(IR-UR-ERC)
Named to the post in order to convince coup leaders to stand down their weapons and surrender. Resigned after realising that civil war was inevitable.
D. José Giral 2.jpg José Giral
(1879–1962)
19 July
1936
4 September
1936
47 Republican Left Giral Popular Front
(IR-UR-ERC)
1936 Siege of the Alcázas and Extremaduran and Gipuzkoa campaigns.
Francisco Largo Caballero 1927 (cropped).jpg Francisco Largo Caballero
(1869–1946)
4 September
1936
4 November
1936
302 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Caballero I Popular Front
(PSOE-IR-UR-ERC-PCE-PNV)
4 November
1936
17 May
1937
Caballero II Popular Front
(PSOE-IR-UR-ERC-PCE-PNV-CNT)
1936 Siege of Madrid. 1937 Battles of Jarama and Guadalajara, Biscay Campaign, start of the War in the North. 1937 May Days.
Juan negrin.gif Juan Negrín
(1892–1956)
17 May
1937
5 April
1938
684 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Negrín I Popular Front
(PSOE-IR-UR-ERC-PCE-PNV)
5 April
1938
1 April
1939
Negrín II Popular Front
(PSOE-IR-UR-ERC-PCE-PNV-PSUC-CNT)
1937 Battles of Belchite and Brunete. 1937 Asturias and Zaragoza Offensives. 1937–38 Battle of Teruel. 1938 Aragon and Levante Offensives. 1938 Battle of the Ebro. 1938–39 Battle of the Segre. 1939 Catalonia and Final Offensives. Republican faction surrender and end of the Civil War.
Juan Negrín Francisco Largo Caballero José Giral Diego Martínez Barrio Santiago Casares Quiroga Augusto Barcía Trelles Manuel Azaña Manuel Portela Valladares Joaquín Chapaprieta Alejandro Lerroux Ricardo Samper Alejandro Lerroux Diego Martínez Barrio Alejandro Lerroux Manuel Azaña Niceto Alcalá-Zamora

Spanish Republican government in exile (1939–1977)[edit]

Prime Ministers in exile:

Francoist Spain (1936–1975)[edit]

Parties

      Military       FET–JONS

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Government Legislature Head of State
(Term / Reign)
Took office Left office Days
Cabanellas-ferrer.jpg Miguel Cabanellas
(1872–1938)
23 July
1936
1 October
1936
70 Military National Defence Junta
Named President of the National Defence Junta of the Nationalist side during the Civil War.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1939-1945)-Bureaucratic Variant.svg Fidel Dávila Arrondo
(1878–1962)
3 October
1936
3 June
1937
243 Military State Technical Junta Caudillo Francisco Franco
Franco0001.PNG
(1936–1975)
Named President of the State Technical Junta.
Conde de Jordana.jpg Francisco Gómez-Jordana
(1876–1944)
3 June
1937
31 January
1938
242 Military National Council of the Movement
Named President of the State Technical Junta.
Franco0001.PNG Francisco Franco
(1892–1975)
31 January
1938
8 June
1973
12912 Falange (FET–JONS)
Military
Francoist Governments:

1. Franco I (1938)
2. Franco II (1939)
3. Franco III (1941)
4. Franco IV (1942)
5. Franco V (1945)
6. Franco VI (1951)
7. Franco VII (1956)
8. Franco VIII (1957)
9. Franco IX (1962)
10. Franco X (1965)
11. Franco XI (1967)
12. Franco XII (1969)

Spanish Civil War: defeated the Republicans in 1939, established Francoist Spain. Establishment of an autocratic one-party military dictatorship. White Terror. Fundamental Laws of the Realm. Spanish Miracle 1959–74. Named Prince Juan Carlos de Bourbon as heir apparent in 1969. Franco died on 20 November 1975. Cortes Españolas:
1 (1943)
2 (1946)
3 (1949)
4 (1952)
5 (1955)
6 (1958)
7 (1961)
8 (1964)
9 (1967)
10 (1971)
Luis Carrero Blanco.jpg Luis Carrero Blanco
(1904–1973)
9 June
1973
20 December
1973†
194 Falange (FET–JONS)
Military
13. Carrero
Assassinated by ETA members only 6 months into office.
Torcuato Fernández-Miranda.jpg Torcuato Fernández-Miranda
(1915–1980)
20 December
1973
31 December
1973
11 Falange (FET–JONS)
Interim Prime Minister for a few days after the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco.
Carlos Arias Navarro 1975.jpg Carlos Arias Navarro
(1908–1989)
31 December
1973
20 November
1975
913 Falange (FET–JONS) 14. Arias I
15. Arias II
20 November
1975
1 July
1976
Restoration Governments:
1. Arias III
King Juan Carlos I
Juan Carlos da Espanha.jpg
(1975–2014)
Appointed to the office as a result of the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco, Contrary to political liberalization. Garroting of Catalan anarchist Salvador Puig Antich. Green March (1975). Instructed by King Juan Carlos I to enact reforms for the regime's opening towards democracy after Franco's death in 1975. Contrary to any change, resigned as a result of a power struggle with the King over political reform.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1945-1977).svg Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
(1910–1994)
1 July
1976
3 July
1976
2 Military
Interim Prime Minister for a few days after the resignation of Carlos Arias Navarro.
Fernando de Santiago y Díaz Carlos Arias Navarro Torcuato Fernández-Miranda Luis Carrero Blanco Francisco Franco Francisco Gómez-Jordana, 1st Count of Jordana Fidel Dávila Arrondo Miguel Cabanellas

Kingdom of Spain (Second restoration, 1975–present)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Government)[edit]

Parties

      FET–JONS       UCD       PSOE       PP

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Government Legislature Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Days
Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg Adolfo Suárez
(1932–2014)
3 July
1976
13 July
1977
1698 Falange
(FET–JONS)
Suárez I FET–JONS Cortes Esp.:
10 (1971)
King Juan Carlos I
Juan Carlos da Espanha.jpg
(1975–2014)
13 July
1977
30 March
1979
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) Suárez II UCD Cortes Gen.:
Const. (1977)
30 March
1979
25 February
1981
Suárez III UCD I (1979)
Appointed in 1976 by King Juan Carlos I after Arias Navarro's resignation. Led Spain through the country's transition to democracy. 1976 political reform referendum. 1977 Massacre of Atocha. Legalization of the PCE. In 1977 became the first democratically-elected PM in 40 years. 1978 Moncloa Pact. 1978 constitutional referendum; Spanish Constitution of 1978 adopted. Early 1980s recession. 1980 censure motion. Resigned due to loss of party support.
Visita del Calvo-Sotelo 1976.jpg Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
(1926–2008)
25 February
1981
2 December
1982
645 Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) Calvo-Sotelo UCD
Succeeded Suárez mid-term. 1981 failed coup d'état (23-F) during investiture. Legalization of divorce in 1981. Spain entry into NATO (1981). Change of national flag. Disintegration of UCD. 1982 coup d'état attempt.
Felipe González 1986 (cropped).jpg Felipe González
(1942–)
2 December
1982
24 July
1986
4902 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) González I PSOE II (1982)
24 July
1986
5 December
1989
González II PSOE III (1986)
5 December
1989
9 July
1993
González III PSOE IV (1989)
9 July
1993
4 May
1996
González IV PSOE V (1993)
Four consecutive terms and three consecutive absolute majorities. Longest-serving democratically-elected Spanish PM. Legalization of abortion in 1985. 1985 El Descanso bombing. Reorganization of education system. Establishment of welfare state. Spanish NATO membership referendum, 1986. Spain EU membership. 1987 Hipercor bombing. 1988 Spanish general strike. Legalization of private TV channels. Signing of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. 1992 Barcelona Olympics and Seville Expo '92. 1993 economic crisis. 1995 Toledo Pact. Mid–1990s PSOE corruption scandals (Filesa, Luis Roldán, GAL).
Aznar at the Azores, March 17, 2003-2.jpg José María Aznar
(1953–)
4 May
1996
26 April
2000
2904 People's Party (PP) Aznar I PP VI (1996)
26 April
2000
16 April
2004
Aznar II PP VII (2000)
Two consecutive terms. 1997 economic boom. Privatization of public enterprises. Spain adoption of the euro. 1998 Land Law. ETA's 1998–99 ceasefire declaration. Abolition of the compulsory military service in 2001. National Hydrological Plan proposal. 2002 Political Parties Law and subsequent banning of Batasuna. Attempt of unemployment benefits' reform resulting in the 2002 general strike. 2002 Perejil Island crisis. 2002 Prestige oil spill. Intervention in the 2003 Iraq War and anti-war protests. Yak-42 air flight accident. 2004 Madrid train bombings (11-M).
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 2011 (cropped).jpg José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
(1960–)
16 April
2004
11 April
2008
2804 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Zapatero I PSOE VIII (2004)
11 April
2008
20 December
2011
Zapatero II PSOE IX (2008)
Two consecutive terms. Spanish withdrawal from Iraq. Legalization of same-sex marriage in 2005. 2005 European Constitution referendum. ETA's 2006 ceasefire declaration. 2006 Catalonia Statute of Autonomy. 2006 Madrid–Barajas Airport bombing. Signing of the 2007 Lisbon Treaty. Approval of less restrictive abortion law in 2010. 2008–11 Spanish financial crisis. Birth of 15-M Movement. PSOE swept away from nearly all its historical strongholds in the 2011 municipal and regional elections. ETA's 2011 permanent ceasefire declaration.
Mariano Rajoy 2015c (cropped).jpg Mariano Rajoy
(1955–)
20 December
2011
Incumbent 1516 People's Party (PP) Rajoy PP X (2011)
King Felipe VI
Felipe VI 2015 (cropped).jpg
(2014–)
2011–15 Spanish financial crisis. Two general strikes in 2012. 2012–15 Catalan independence crisis. 2013 Bárcenas affair. Mid–2010s PP corruption scandals (Gürtel, Púnica). Abdication of King Juan Carlos I in 2014. 2011–15 PP-PSOE credibility crisis. Anti-bipartisanship surge in the 2015 municipal elections; PP and PSOE swept away from power in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Zaragoza and other urban centers.
Mariano Rajoy José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero José María Aznar Felipe González Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Adolfo Suárez

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

There are three living former Spanish Prime Ministers:

The most recent former prime minister to die was Adolfo Suárez on 23 March 2014, aged 81.

See also[edit]