List of Prime Ministers of Sweden

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Current Prime Minister Stefan Löfven was appointed on 3 October 2014

The Prime Minister (Swedish: statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden. Before the creation of the office of a Prime Minister in 1876, Sweden did not have a head of government separate from its head of state, namely the King, in whom the executive authority was vested. Louis De Geer, the architect behind the new bicameral Riksdag of 1866 that replaced the centuries-old Riksdag of the Estates, became the first officeholder in 1876. The current Prime Minister of Sweden is Stefan Löfven, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. Below is the list and statistics of Prime Ministers of Sweden since the creation of the office in 1876. The list does not include acting prime ministers, the only example to date is Östen Undén who served as acting prime minister from 6 to 11 October 1946.

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
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Swedish Cabinet Holding Parties - Color key:

List of Prime Ministers under the United Kingdom of Norway and Sweden (1876–1905)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term Political Party Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office
Louis Gerhard De Geer
(1818–1896)
Louis De Geer 1818-1896 from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg 20 March 1876 19 April 1880 Independent L.G. De Geer II Oscar II of Sweden 1898.jpg
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
Arvid Posse
(1820–1901)
Arvid Posse.jpg 19 April 1880 13 June 1883 Lantmanna Party Posse
Carl Johan Thyselius
(1811–1891)
Carl Johan Thyselius (Hildebrand Sveriges historia).jpg June 13, 1883 May 16, 1884 Independent Thyselius
Robert Themptander
(1844–1897)
Oscar Robert Themptander (from Hildebrand, Sveriges historia).jpg 16 May 1884 6 February 1888 Independent Themptander
Gillis Bildt
(1820–1894)
Gillis Bildt.jpg 6 February 1888 12 October 1889 Independent G. Bildt
Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm
(1833–1900)
Gustaf Åkerhielm.jpg 12 October 1889 10 July 1891 Protectionist Majority Party Åkerhielm
Erik Gustaf Boström
(1842–1907)
E G Boström from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg 10 July 1891 12 September 1900 Lantmanna Party Boström I
Fredrik von Otter
(1833–1910)
Fredrik von Otter.jpg 12 September 1900 5 July 1902 Independent von Otter
Erik Gustaf Boström (2nd term)
(1842–1907)
E G Boström from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg 5 July 1902 13 April 1905 Lantmanna Party Boström II
Johan Ramstedt
(1852–1935)
JohanRamstedt.JPG 13 April 1905 2 August 1905 0Independent Ramstedt
Christian Lundeberg
(1842–1911)
Christian Lundeberg.jpg 2 August 1905 7 November 1905 Protectionist Majority Party Lundeberg

Christian Lundeberg Johan Ramstedt Erik Gustaf Boström Fredrik von Otter Erik Gustaf Boström Gustaf Åkerhielm Gillis Bildt Robert Themptander Carl Johan Thyselius Arvid Posse Louis Gerhard De Geer

Prime Ministers under the Kingdom of Sweden (1905–present)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term Political Party Election(s) Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Duration
Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
Karl Staaff.jpg 7 November 1905 29 May 1906 203 days Liberal Coalition Party 1905 Staaff I
LS
Oscar II of Sweden 1898.jpg
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
Arvid Lindman.jpg 29 May 1906 7 October 1911 5 years, 131 days General Electoral League 1908 Lindman I
AvF
Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
Karl Staaff.jpg 7 October 1911 17 February 1914 2 years, 133 days Liberal Coalition Party 1911 Staaff II
LS
Gustaf V av Sverige.jpg
Gustaf V
(1907–1950)
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
(1862–1953)
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld.jpg 17 February 1914 30 March 1917 3 years,  41 days Independent March 1914
September 1914
Hammarskjöld
Carl Swartz
(1858–1926)
Carl Swartz.jpg 30 March 1917 19 October 1917 203 days National Party 1908 Swartz
N
Nils Edén
(1871–1945)
Nils Eden.jpg 19 October 1917 10 March 1920 2 years, 143 days Liberal Coalition Party 1917 Edén
LS-S
Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
Hjalmar Branting.png 10 March 1920 27 October 1920 231 days Social Democrats Branting I
S
Gerhard Louis De Geer
(1854–1935)
De Geer, Louis (ur Kristianstads nation 1911-1930).jpg 27 October 1920 23 February 1921 119 days Independent 1920 G.L. De Geer
Oscar von Sydow
(1873–1936)
Oscar von Sydow.jpg 23 February 1921 13 October 1921 232 days Independent von Sydow
Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
Hjalmar Branting.png 13 October 1921 19 April 1923 1 year,  188 days Social Democrats 1921 Branting II
S
Ernst Trygger
(1857–1943)
Ernst Trygger, prime minister of Sweden.jpg 19 April 1923 18 October 1924 1 year,  182 days National Party Trygger
N
Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
Hjalmar Branting.png 18 October 1924 24 January 1925 98 days Social Democrats 1924 Branting III
S
Rickard Sandler
(1884–1964)
Rickard Sandler - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 24 January 1925 7 June 1926 1 year,  134 days Social Democrats Sandler
S
Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
Carl Gustaf Ekman.jpg 7 June 1926 2 October 1928 2 years, 117 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman I
FF-L
Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
Arvid Lindman.jpg 2 October 1928 7 June 1930 1 year,  248 days General Electoral League 1928 Lindman II
AvF
Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
Carl Gustaf Ekman.jpg 7 June 1930 6 August 1932 2 years,  60 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman II
FF
Felix Hamrin
(1875–1937)
Felix Hamrin - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 6 August 1932 24 September 1932 49 days Freeminded People's Party Hamrin
FF
Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
Per Albin Hansson - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 24 September 1932 19 June 1936 3 years, 269 days Social Democrats 1932 Hansson I
S
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
(1883–1954)
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp.jpg 19 June 1936 28 September 1936 101 days Farmers' League Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Bf
Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
Per Albin Hansson - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 28 September 1936 13 December 1939 10 years,   8 days Social Democrats 1936 Hansson II
SBf
13 December 1939 31 July 1945 1940
1944
Hansson III
SBfAvFFP
31 July 1945 6 October 1946 Hansson IV
S
Tage Erlander
(1901–1985)
Tage Erlander 1952.jpg 11 October 1946 1 October 1951 23 years,   3 days Social Democrats 1948 Erlander I
S
1 October 1951 31 October 1957 1952
1956
Erlander II
SBf
Gustaf VI Adolf av Sverige som kronprins.jpg
Gustaf VI Adolf
(1950–1973)
31 October 1957 14 October 1969 1958
1960
1964
1968
Erlander III
S
Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
Olof Palme.png 14 October 1969 8 October 1976 6 years, 360 days Social Democrats 1970
1973
Palme I
S
Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926–)
Falldin.JPG 8 October 1976 18 October 1978 2 years,  10 days Centre Party 1976 Fälldin I
CMFP
Carl XVI Gustaf.jpg
Carl XVI Gustaf
(1973–)
Ola Ullsten
(1931–)
Ola Ullsten.JPG 18 October 1978 12 October 1979 362 days People's Party Ullsten
FP
Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926–)
Falldin.JPG 12 October 1979 22 May 1981 2 years, 361 days Centre Party 1979 Fälldin II
CMFP
22 May 1981 8 October 1982 Fälldin III
CFP
Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
Olof Palme.png 8 October 1982 28 February 1986[1] 3 years, 143 days Social Democrats 1982
1985
Palme II
S
Ingvar Carlsson
(1934–)
Ingvar Carlsson.jpg 1 March 1986[2] 27 February 1990 5 years, 217 days Social Democrats 1988 Carlsson I
S
27 February 1990 4 October 1991 Carlsson II
S
Carl Bildt
(1949–)
Carl Bildt 2001-05-15.jpg 4 October 1991 7 October 1994 3 years,   3 days Moderate Party 1991 C. Bildt
MCFPKD
Ingvar Carlsson
(1934–)
Ingvar Carlsson.jpg 7 October 1994 22 March 1996 1 year,  167 days Social Democrats 1994 Carlsson III
S
Göran Persson
(1949–)
Göran Persson.jpg 22 March 1996 6 October 2006 10 years, 198 days Social Democrats 1998
2002
Persson
S
Fredrik Reinfeldt
(1965–)
Fredrik Reinfeldt World Economic Forum 2013 crop.jpg 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 7 years, 362 days Moderate Party
(Alliance for Sweden)
2006
2010
Reinfeldt
MCFPKD
Stefan Löfven
(1957–)
Stefan Löfven efter slutdebatten i SVT 2014 (cropped).jpg 3 October 2014 Incumbent 300 days Social Democrats 2014 Löfven
SMP

Statistics[edit]

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 De Geer, Louis 1Louis De Geer, Sr. 18 July 1818(J18 uly 1818) 57 years, 246 days 4 years,  30 days 61 years, 276 days 24 September 1896 78 years,  68 days
2 Posse, ArvidArvid Posse 15 February 1820(15 February 1820) 60 years,  64 days 3 years,  58 days 63 years, 121 days 24 April 1901 81 years,  68 days
3 Thyselius, Carl JohanCarl Johan Thyselius 8 June 1811(8 June 1811) 72 years,   5 days 37 days 72 years, 342 days 11 January 1891 79 years, 217 days
4 Themptander, RobertRobert Themptander 14 February 1844(14 February 1844) 40 years,  92 days 3 years, 266 days 43 years, 357 days 30 January 1897 52 years,  47 days
5 Bildt, GillisGillis Bildt 16 October 1820(16 October 1820) 67 years, 113 days 1 year, 248 days 68 years, 361 days 22 October 1894 74 years,   6 days
6 Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm 24 July 1833(24 July 1833) 56 years,  80 days 1 year, 271 days 57 years, 351 days 2 April 1900 66 years, 252 days
7 Boström, Erik GustafErik Gustaf Boström 11 February 1842(11 February 1842) 49 years, 149 days 11 years, 346 days 63 years,  61 days 21 February 1907 65 years,  10 days
8 Otter, Fredrik vonFredrik von Otter 11 April 1833(11 April 1833) 67 years, 154 days 1 year , 296 days 69 years,  85 days 9 March 1910 76 years, 332 days
9 Ramstedt, JohanJohan Ramstedt 7 November 1852(7 November 1852) 52 years, 157 days 111 days 52 years, 268 days 15 March 1935 82 years, 128 days
10 Lundeberg, ChristianChristian Lundeberg 14 July 1842(14 July 1842) 63 years, 19 days 97 days 63 years, 116 days 10 November 1911 69 years, 119 days
11 Staaff, KarlKarl Staaff 21 January 1860(21 January 1860) 45 years, 290 days 2 years, 336 days 54 years,  27 days 4 October 1915 55 years, 256 days
12 Lindman, ArvidArvid Lindman 19 September 1862(19 September 1862) 43 years, 252 days 7 years,  14 days 49 years,  18 days 9 December 1936 74 years,  81 days
13 Hammarskjöld, HjalmarHjalmar Hammarskjöld 4 February 1862(4 February 1862) 52 years,  13 days 3 years,  41 days 55 years,  54 days 12 October 1953 91 years, 250 days
14 Swartz, CarlCarl Swartz 5 June 1858(5 June 1858) 58 years, 298 days 203 days 59 years, 136 days 6 November 1926 68 years, 154 days
15 Edén, NilsNils Edén 25 August 1871(August 1871) 46 years,  55 days 2 years, 143 days 48 years, 198 days 16 June 1945 73 years, 295 days
16 Branting, HjalmarHjalmar Branting 23 November 1860(23 November 1860) 59 years, 108 days 2 years, 152 days 64 years,  62 days 24 February 1925 64 years,  93 days
17 De Geer, Louis 2Louis De Geer, Jr. 27 November 1854(27 November 1854) 65 years, 335 days 119 days 66 years,  88 days 25 February 1935 80 years,  90 days
18 Sydow, Oscar vonOscar von Sydow 12 July 1873(12 July 1873) 47 years, 226 days 232 days 48 years,  93 days 19 August 1936 63 years,  38 days
19 Trygger, ErnstErnst Trygger 27 October 1857(27 October 1857) 65 years, 174 days 1 year, 182 days 66 years, 357 days 23 September 1943 85 years, 331 days
20 Sandler, RickardRickard Sandler 29 January 1884(29 January 1884) 40 years, 361 days 1 year, 134 days 42 years, 129 days 12 November 1964 80 years, 288 days
21 Ekman, Carl GustafCarl Gustaf Ekman 6 October 1872(October 1872) 53 years, 244 days 4 years, 177 days 59 years, 305 days 15 June 1945 72 years, 252 days
22 Hamrin, FelixFelix Hamrin 14 January 1875(14 January 1875) 57 years, 205 days 49 days 57 years, 254 days 27 November 1937 62 years, 317 days
23 Hansson, Per AlbinPer Albin Hansson 28 October 1885(28 October 1885) 46 years, 332 days 12 years, 277 days 60 years, 343 days 6 October 1946 60 years, 343 days
24 Pehrsson-Bramstorp, AxelAxel Pehrsson-Bramstorp 19 August 1883(19 August 1883) 52 years, 305 days 101 days 53 years,  40 days 19 February 1954 70 years, 184 days
25 Erlander, TageTage Erlander 13 June 1901(13 June 1901) 45 years, 120 days 23 years,  3 days 68 years, 123 days 21 June 1985 84 years,   8 days
26 Palme, OlofOlof Palme 30 January 1927(30 January 1927) 42 years, 257 days 10 years, 139 days 59 years,  30 days 28 February 1986 59 years,  29 days
27 Fälldin, ThorbjörnThorbjörn Fälldin 24 April 1926(24 April 1926) 50 years, 167 days 5 years,  10 days 56 years, 167 days Living 89 years,  97 days
28 Ullsten, OlaOla Ullsten 23 June 1931(23 June 1931) 47 years, 117 days 359 days 48 years, 111 days Living 84 years,  37 days
29 Carlsson, IngvarIngvar Carlsson 9 November 1934(9 November 1934) 51 years, 112 days 7 years,  19 days 61 years, 134 days Living 80 years, 263 days
30 Bildt, CarlCarl Bildt 15 July 1949(15 July 1949) 42 years,  91 days 3 years,   3 days 45 years,  94 days Living 66 years,  15 days
31 Persson, GöranGöran Persson 20 January 1949(20 January 1949) 47 years,  62 days 10 years, 198 days 57 years, 259 days Living 66 years, 191 days
32 Reinfeldt, FredrikFredrik Reinfeldt 4 August 1965(4 August 1965) 41 years,  63 days 7 years, 362 days 49 years,  60 days Living 49 years, 360 days
33 Löfven, StefanStefan Löfven 21 July 1957(21 July 1957) 57 years,  73 days 300 days Incumbent Living 58 years,   9 days

Records[edit]

  • The earliest born prime minister was the third one to enter office, Carl Johan Thyselius, born on 8 June 1811. The latest born is Fredrik Reinfeldt, born on 4 August 1965.
  • The first prime minister to die (who also happens to be the first one born) was the third one to enter office (Carl Johan Thyselius), who died on 11 January 1891. The latest one to die was Olof Palme, who died on February 28, 1986.
  • The oldest prime minister has been Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, who died at an age of 91 years, 250 days. Of those still living, Thorbjörn Fälldin is the oldest, at an age of 89 years,  97 days. He made it into the "top 5 list" by surpassing Johan Ramstedt on 31 August 2008. He would have to live until 2 January 2018 to surpass Hjalmar Hammarskjöld and become the oldest Swedish prime minister ever (living until 1 January 2018, he would tie with Hammarskjöld).
  • The youngest prime minister at his death has been Robert Themptander, who died at an age of 52 years, 351 days.
  • The oldest prime minister to enter office was Carl Johan Thyselius, who entered office at an age of 72 years, 5 days. The youngest one was his closest successor Robert Themptander, who entered office at 40 years, 92 days.
  • The record for longest period in office is held by Tage Erlander at 23 years, 3 days. The shortest period in office is held by Östen Undén (5 days), but as he was only acting, the shortest ordinary period was Felix Hamrin's, lasting for 49 days.
  • The longest time span between two terms of the same minister was between Arvid Lindman's, at 16 years, 361 days between the end of his first term (7 October 1911) and the beginning of his second term (2 October 1928). The shortest time span between two terms of the same minister was 101 days, which was the time of Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp's term between the end of Per Albin Hansson's first (19 June 1936) and the beginning of his second (September 28, 1936).
  • Two of the prime ministers (Per Albin Hansson and Olof Palme) have died in office and Palme is the only one who has been assassinated. Thus, those two have not had any life after office (not counting their interim periods between their respective terms). When it comes to those who have, Hjalmar Branting had the shortest time, dying only 31 days after his resignation (he resigned because of health issues and died from Myocarditis and Gallstone). The prime minister living the longest time after resignation was Rickard Sandler, who died 38 years, 159 days after his resignation. This record will be surpassed by Ola Ullsten if he is still alive on 1 March 2018 (Ullsten would then be almost 87 years old).
  • The largest number of former and present prime minister living at the same time is 11, which has happened once. This period lasted from 24 September 1932 (the ascension of Per Albin Hansson) to 25 February 1935 (the death of Louis De Geer, Jr.) (2 years, 154 days). During that time, Per Albin Hansson was the present and former still living prime ministers were Johan Ramstedt, Arvid Lindman, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Nils Edén, Louis De Geer, Jr., Oscar von Sydow, Ernst Trygger, Rickard Sandler, Carl Gustaf Ekman, and Felix Hamrin.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Assassinated in office.
  2. ^ After the assassination of Olof Palme, Carlsson was acting prime minister from 1 to 12 March 1986.