List of Prime Ministers of Syria

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This article lists the Prime Ministers of Syria since 1920.

Prime Ministers[edit]

Meaning
Acting prime minister.
National Bloc
Syrian Social Nationalist Party
National Party
Military
Arab Liberation Movement
National Union
People's Party
Syrian Regional Branch
(Ba'ath Party / Syrian Ba'ath Party)

Kingdom of Syria (1920)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
1 Rida pasha alrikabi.jpg Rida Pasha al-Rikabi
(1864–1943)
March 1920 May 1920 Independent
Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
May 1920 28 July 1920 86 days Independent
2 No image.svg Alaa al-Din al-Durubi
(1870–1920)
28 July 1920 21 August 1920 24 days Independent
3 Jamil al-Ulshi.jpg Jamil al-Ulshi
(1883–1951)
6 September 1920 30 November 1920 85 days Independent

State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1924–1930)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
4 Subhi barkat.jpg Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
26 January 1925 21 December 1925 329 days Independent
Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
29 December 1925 6 January 1926 8 days Independent
5 Sy nami.png Ahmad Nami
(1878–1962)
27 April 1926 9 February 1928 1 year, 286 days Independent
6 Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
15 April 1928 14 May 1930 2 years, 29 days Independent

Syrian Republic, part of the French Mandate (1930–1945)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
6 Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
14 May 1930 19 November 1931 1 year, 187 days Independent
7 Haqqi al-Azm.jpg Haqqi al-Azm
(1864–1955)
7 June 1932 16 March 1934 1 year, 282 days Independent
8 Taj al-Din al-Hasani.jpg Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
16 March 1934 22 February 1936 1 year, 340 days Independent
9 Ata al-Ayyubi.jpg Ata al-Ayyubi
(1877–1951)
22 February 1936 21 December 1936 303 days Independent
10 JamilMardamBeyPortrait.jpg Jamil Mardam Bey
(1894–1960)
21 December 1936 18 February 1939 2 years, 58 days National Bloc
11 No image.svg Lutfi al-Haffar
(1885–1968)
23 February 1939 13 March 1939 18 days National Bloc
12 Nasuhi al-Bukhari.jpeg Nasuhi al-Bukhari
(1881–1961)
6 April 1939 9 July 1939 94 days Independent
13 Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
4 April 1941 21 September 1941 170 days Independent
14 No image.svg Hassan al-Hakim
(1886–1982)
21 September 1941 19 April 1942 210 days Independent
15 No image.svg Husni al-Barazi
(1895–1975)
19 April 1942 10 January 1943 266 days Independent
16 Jamil al-Ulshi.jpg Jamil al-Ulshi
(1883–1951)
10 January 1943 25 March 1943 74 days Independent
17 Ata al-Ayyubi.jpg Ata al-Ayyubi
(1877–1951)
25 March 1943 17 August 1943 145 days Independent
18 Saadallah al-Jabiri.jpg Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1891–1948)
19 August 1943 14 October 1944 1 year, 55 days National Bloc
19 Faris al-Khoury.jpg Faris al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
14 October 1944 1 October 1945 352 days National Bloc
20 Saadallah al-Jabiri.jpg Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1891–1948)
1 October 1945 24 October 1945 23 days National Bloc

Syrian Republic (1945–1958)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
20 Saadallah al-Jabiri.jpg Saadallah al-Jabiri
(1891–1948)
24 October 1945 16 December 1946 1 year, 52 days National Bloc
Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
16 December 1946 29 December 1946 13 days Independent
21 JamilMardamBeyPortrait.jpg Jamil Mardam Bey
(1894–1960)
17 December 1946 29 December 1948 2 years, 12 days National Bloc
22 Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
17 December 1948 30 March 1949 103 days Independent
23 Husni al-Zaiim.jpg Husni al-Za'im
(1897–1949)
17 April 1949 26 June 1949 70 days Syrian Social Nationalist Party
24 Muhsen Barazi.jpg Muhsin al-Barazi
(1904–1949)
26 June 1949 14 August 1949 49 days Independent
25 Hashim Al Atassi.jpg Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
17 August 1949 24 December 1949 129 days National Party
26 Nazim al-Kudsi.jpg Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
24 December 1949 27 December 1949 3 days People's Party
27 Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
27 December 1949 4 June 1950 159 days Independent
28 Nazim al-Kudsi.jpg Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
4 June 1950 27 March 1951 296 days People's Party
29 Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
27 March 1951 9 August 1951 135 days Independent
30 No image.svg Hassan al-Hakim
(1886–1982)
9 August 1951 13 November 1951 96 days Independent
No image.svg Zaki al-Khatib
(1887–1961)
13 November 1951 28 November 1951 15 days People's Party
31 No image.svg Maarouf al-Dawalibi
(1909–2004)
28 November 1951 29 November 1951 1 day People's Party
32 Fawzi Selu.jpg Fawzi Selu
(1905–1972)
3 December 1951 19 July 1953 1 year, 229 days Military Selu had no power, real power laid in the hands of Adib Shishakli.[1]
33 Adib al-Shishakli.jpg Adib Shishakli
(1909–1964)
19 July 1953 25 February 1954 221 days Arab Liberation Movement Shishakli resigned from office because of threats of a coup in 1954.[2] He fled the country, claiming that he did not want the country to fall into a civil war.[2]
34 Sabri al-Assali.jpg Sabri al-Asali
(1903–1976)
1 March 1954 19 June 1954 110 days National Party
35 Said al-Ghazzi.jpg Said al-Ghazzi
(1893–1967)
19 June 1954 3 November 1954 137 days Independent
36 Faris al-Khoury.jpg Faris al-Khoury
(1877–1962)
3 November 1954 13 February 1955 102 day People's Party
37 Sabri al-Assali.jpg Sabri al-Asali
(1903–1976)
13 February 1955 13 September 1955 212 days National Party
38 Said al-Ghazzi.jpg Said al-Ghazzi
(1893–1967)
13 September 1955 14 June 1956 275 days Independent
39 Sabri al-Assali.jpg Sabri al-Asali
(1903–1976)
14 June 1956 22 February 1958 1 year, 251 days National Party

United Arab Republic (1958–1961)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
40 Nur al-Din Kahala (cropped).jpg Nur al-Din Kahala
(1908–1965)
7 October 1958 20 September 1960 2 years, 256 days National Union
41 Abdul Hamid Sarraj.jpg Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
(1925–2013)
20 September 1960 16 August 1961 300 days National Union

Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Time in office Duration Political party Note(s)
42 Maamoun Kuzbari.jpg Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
29 September 1961 20 November 1961 52 days Independent Kuzbari took office following the 1961 coup d'état, which dissolved the United Arab Republic.
43 Sy izzat al-nuss.png Izzat al-Nuss
(1912–1976)[3]
20 November 1961 14 December 1961 24 days Military
44 No image.svg Maarouf al-Dawalibi
(1909–2004)
22 December 1961 28 March 1962 96 days People's Party
45 Bashir al-Azma.jpg Bashir al-Azma
(1910–1992)
16 April 1962 14 September 1962 151 days Independent
46 Khalid al-Azm.jpg Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
17 September 1962 9 March 1963 173 days Independent The 1963 coup d'état, an event known as the 8th of March Revolution, toppled Khalid al-Azm and brought the National Council for the Revolutionary Command (NCRC) to government, although real power lay with the Ba'athist Military Committee, which organized the coup.[4]
47 Salah Bitar.jpg Salah al-Din al-Bitar
(1912–1980)
9 March 1963 11 November 1963 247 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
48 Amin al-Hafez 1965.jpg Amin al-Hafiz
(1921–2009)
12 November 1963 13 May 1964 183 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
49 Salah Bitar.jpg Salah al-Din al-Bitar
(1912–1980)
14 May 1964 3 October 1964 142 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
50 Amin al-Hafez 1965.jpg Amin al-Hafiz
(1921–2009)
4 October 1964 22 September 1965 353 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
51 Yusuf Zuayyin.jpg Yusuf Zuayyin
(1931–2016)
22 September 1965 21 December 1965 90 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
52 Salah Bitar.jpg Salah al-Din al-Bitar
(1912–1980)
1 January 1966 23 February 1966 53 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Salah al-Din al-Bitar was overthrown by the Military Committee because of his support for Michel Aflaq and the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party.[5]
53 Yusuf Zuayyin.jpg Yusuf Zuayyin
(1931–2016)
1 March 1966 29 October 1968 2 years, 241 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
54 Nureddin Atassi.jpg Nureddin al-Atassi
(1929–1992)
29 October 1968 18 November 1970 2 years, 20 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Nureddin al-Atassi was overthrown when a falling out occurred between Salah Jadid, the real ruler of Syria from 1966 to 1970, and Hafez al-Assad, the Minister of Defense.[6] Assad initiated the Corrective Movement in 1970.[7]
55 Hafez al-Assad official portrait.jpg Hafez al-Assad
(1930–2000)
21 November 1970 3 April 1971 133 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
56 No image.svg Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
(1930–2009)
3 April 1971 21 December 1972 1 year, 261 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
57 No image.svg Mahmoud al-Ayyubi
(1932–)
21 December 1972 7 August 1976 3 years, 230 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
58 No image.svg Abdul Rahman Khleifawi
(1930–2009)
7 August 1976 27 March 1978 1 year, 233 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
59 No image.svg Muhammad Ali al-Halabi
(1937–2016)
27 March 1978 9 January 1980 1 year, 286 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
60 No image.svg Abdul Rauf al-Kasm
(1932–)
9 January 1980 1 November 1987 7 years, 296 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
61 No image.svg Mahmoud Zuabi
(1935–2000)
1 November 1987 13 March 2000 12 years, 133 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
62 No image.svg Muhammad Mustafa Mero
(1941–)
13 March 2000 10 September 2003 3 years, 180 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
63 Mohammad Naji Otri.jpg Muhammad Naji al-Otari
(1944–)
10 September 2003 14 April 2011 7 years, 217 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
64 No image.svg Adel Safar
(1953–)
14 April 2011 23 June 2012 1 year, 69 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
65 Riyad Hijab, Leader of the High Negotiations Committee of the Syrian Opposition (26313563913) (cropped).jpg Riyad Farid Hijab
(1966–)
23 June 2012 6 August 2012 44 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
No image.svg Omar Ibrahim Ghalawanji
(1954–)
6 August 2012 9 August 2012 3 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
66 Wael Nader al-Halqi in Tehran.jpg Wael Nader al-Halqi
(1964–)
9 August 2012 3 July 2016 3 years, 328 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
67 Imad Khamis.jpg Imad Khamis
(1961–)
3 July 2016 Incumbent 3 years, 6 days Syrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Bibliography
  • Moubayed, Sami M. (2006). Steel & Silk: Men and Women who shaped Syria 1900–2000. Cune Press. ISBN 1-885942-40-0.
  • Seale, Patrick (1990). Asad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520069763.