List of Prime Ministers of Thailand

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The Prime Minister of Thailand is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.

The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People's Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the king deemed it too communistic.

Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of the National Assembly (the House of Representatives). He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. As a result, the prime minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House. However, this has never happened up to date.

Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.

Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Thailand (1932–present)[edit]

No. Prime Minister Term of Office Political Party Government Elected Monarch
(Reign)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days
1
Official portraits of Phraya Manopakorn Nititada.jpg
Phraya Manopakorn Nititada
(1884–1948)
28 June 1932 20 June 1933 358 days Independent 1.
Manopakorn I
King Prajadhipok portrait photograph.jpg

Prajadhipok
(1925–1935)
2.
Manopakorn II
3.
Manopakorn III
2
Phot Phahonyothin.jpg
Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena
(1887–1947)
21 June 1933 16 December 1938 5 years, 178 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
4.
Phahonyothin I
5.
Phahonyothin II
1933
6.
Phahonyothin III
King Ananda Mahidol portrait photograph.jpg

Ananda Mahidol
(1935–1946)
7.
Phahonyothin IV
1937
8.
Phahonyothin V
3
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram.jpg
Plaek Phibunsongkhram
(1897–1964)
16 December 1938 1 August 1944 5 years, 229 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
9.
Plaek I
1938
10.
Plaek II
4
ควง อภัยวงศ์ 2475.jpg
Khuang Aphaiwong
(1902–1968)
1 August 1944 31 August 1945 1 year, 30 days Independent 11.
Khuang I
5
Tawee Boonyaket.jpg
Thawi Bunyaket
(1904–1971)
31 August 1945 17 September 1945 17 days Free Thai 12.
Tawee I
6
Seni Pramoj in 1945.jpg
Seni Pramoj
(1905–1997)
17 September 1945 31 January 1946 136 days Free Thai 13.
Seni I
(4)
ควง อภัยวงศ์ 2475.jpg
Khuang Aphaiwong
(1902–1968)
31 January 1946 24 March 1946 52 days Independent 14.
Khuang II
1946
7
Pridi Banomyong-portrait.jpg
Pridi Banomyong
(1900–1983)
24 March 1946 23 August 1946 152 days Free Thai 15.
Pridi I
16.
Pridi II
Portrait painting of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.jpg

Bhumibol Adulyadej
(1946–2016)
8
Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi.jpg
Thawan Thamrongnawasawat
(1901–1988)
23 August 1946 8 November 1947 1 year, 79 days Constitutional Front 17.
Thawan I
1946
18.
Thawan II
Phin Choonhavan.jpg
Phin Choonhavan
(1891–1973)
8 November 1947 10 November 1947 2 days Military Coup Group
(interim)
(4)
ควง อภัยวงศ์ 2475.jpg
Khuang Aphaiwong
(1902–1968)
10 November 1947 8 April 1948 150 days Democrat 19.
Khuang III
20.
Khuang IV
1948
(3)
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram.jpg
Plaek Phibunsongkhram
(1897–1964)
8 April 1948 16 September 1957 9 years, 161 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
21.
Plaek III
22.
Plaek IV
1949
23.
Plaek V
24.
Plaek VI
25.
Plaek VII
1952
Seri Manangkhasila 26.
Plaek VIII
1957
Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg
Sarit Thanarat
(1908–1963)
16 September 1957 21 September 1957 5 days Military Coup Group
(interim)
9
พจน์ สารสิน.jpg
Pote Sarasin
(1905–2000)
21 September 1957 1 January 1958 102 days Independent 27.
Pote
10
Thanom Kittikachorn 1960 02.jpg
Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911–2004)
1 January 1958 20 October 1958 292 days National Socialist[1] 28.
Thanom I
1957
11
Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg
Sarit Thanarat
(1908–1963)
20 October 1958 8 December 1963 5 years, 49 days Military Revolution Group
(interim)
Military 29.
Sarit I
(10)
Thanom Kittikachorn 1960 02.jpg
Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911–2004)
9 December 1963 14 October 1973 9 years, 309 days Military 30.
Thanom II
United Thai People 31.
Thanom III
1969
Military Revolution Group
(interim)
32.
Thanom IV
12
สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์.jpg
Sanya Dharmasakti
(1907–2002)
14 October 1973 15 February 1975 1 year, 124 days Independent 33.
Sanya I
34.
Sanya II
(6)
Seni Pramoj in 1945.jpg
Seni Pramoj
(1905–1997)
15 February 1975 14 March 1975 27 days Democrat 35.
Seni II
1975
13
คีกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช.jpg
Kukrit Pramoj
(1911–1995)
14 March 1975 20 April 1976 1 year, 37 days Social Action 36.
Kukrit
(6)
Seni Pramoj in 1945.jpg
Seni Pramoj
(1905–1997)
20 April 1976 6 October 1976 169 days Democrat 37.
Seni III
1976
38.
Seni IV
สงัด ชลออยู่.jpg
Sangad Chaloryu
(1915–1980)
6 October 1976 8 October 1976 2 days Military Administration Reform Council
(interim)
14
Tanin2011.jpg
Thanin Kraivichien
(1927–)
8 October 1976 20 October 1977 1 year, 34 days Independent 39.
Thanin
สงัด ชลออยู่.jpg
Sangad Chaloryu
(1915–1980)
20 October 1977 10 November 1977 21 days Military Revolution Group
(interim)
15
Kriangsak Chomanan 1978.jpg
Kriangsak Chamanan
(1917–2003)
11 November 1977 3 March 1980 2 years, 113 days Military 40.
Kriangsak I
Nation Democracy 41.
Kriangsak II
1979
16
Prem Tinsulanoda cropped.JPG
Prem Tinsulanonda
(1920–)
3 March 1980 4 August 1988 8 years, 154 days Military 42.
Prem I
43.
Prem II
1983
44.
Prem III
1986
17
ชาติชาย ชุณหะวัณ.jpg
Chatichai Choonhavan
(1922–1998)
4 August 1988 23 February 1991 2 years, 204 days Chart Thai 45.
Chatchai I
1988
46.
Chatchai II
GEN Sundhara Kongsompong, left center, Supreme Commander, Royal Thai Armed Forces, and U.S. Ambassador to Thailand cropped1.jpg
Sunthorn Kongsompong
(1931–1999)
24 February 1991 2 March 1991 6 days Military National Peace Keeping Council
(interim)
18
Anand Panyarachun.jpg
Anand Panyarachun
(1932–)
2 March 1991 7 April 1992 1 year, 36 days Independent 47.
Anand I
19
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
Suchinda Kraprayoon
(1933–)
7 April 1992 10 June 1992 47 days Independent 48.
Suchinda
1992
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
Meechai Ruchuphan
(1938–)
Acting Prime Minister
24 May 1992 10 June 1992 17 days Independent
(18)
Anand Panyarachun.jpg
Anand Panyarachun
(1932–)
10 June 1992 23 September 1992 105 days Independent 49.
Anand II
20
Chuan Leekpai.jpg
Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
23 September 1992 13 July 1995 2 years, 293 days Democrat 50.
Chuan I
1992
21
Banharn Silpa-archa (cropped).jpg
Banharn Silpa-archa
(1932–2016)
13 July 1995 25 November 1996 1 year, 135 days Chart Thai 51.
Banharn
1995
22
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
(1932–)
25 November 1996 9 November 1997 349 days New Aspiration 52.
Chavalit
1996
(20)
Chuan Leekpai.jpg
Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
9 November 1997 9 February 2001 3 years, 92 days Democrat 53.
Chuan II
23
Thaksin crop.jpg
Thaksin Shinawatra
(1949–)
9 February 2001 5 April 2006 5 years, 55 days Thai Rak Thai 54.
Thaksin I
2001
55.
Thaksin II
2005
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
Chitchai Wannasathit
(1949–)
Acting Prime Minister
5 April 2006 23 May 2006 48 days Thai Rak Thai
(23)
Thaksin crop.jpg
Thaksin Shinawatra
(1949–)
Caretaker Prime Minister
23 May 2006 19 September 2006 119 days Thai Rak Thai
Sonthi Boonyaratglin (cropped).png
Sonthi Boonyaratglin
(1946–)
19 September 2006 1 October 2006 12 days Military Council for National Security
(interim)
24
General Surayud Chulanont.jpg
Surayud Chulanont
(1943–)
1 October 2006 29 January 2008 1 year, 120 days Independent 56.
Surayud
25
Samak Sundaravej.JPG
Samak Sundaravej
(1935–2009)
29 January 2008 8 September 2008 224 days People's Power 57.
Samak
2007
26
Somchai Wongsawat 15112008.jpg
Somchai Wongsawat
(1947–)
8 September 2008 2 December 2008 9 days People's Power
84 days People's Power 58.
Somchai
Chaovarat Chanweerakul (cropped).jpg
Chaovarat Chanweerakul
(1936–)
Acting Prime Minister
2 December 2008 15 December 2008 15 days Independent
27
Abhisit royal.jpg
Abhisit Vejjajiva
(1964–)
17 December 2008 5 August 2011 2 years, 231 days Democrat 59.
Abhisit
28
9153ri-Yingluck Shinawatra.jpg
Yingluck Shinawatra
(1967–)
5 August 2011 7 May 2014 2 years, 275 days Pheu Thai 60.
Yingluck
2011
Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan at Ministerial Conference 2013 crop.jpg
Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan
(1948–)
Acting Prime Minister
7 May 2014 22 May 2014 15 days Pheu Thai
29
General Prayut Chan-o-cha (cropped).jpg
Prayut Chan-o-cha
(1954–)
22 May 2014[2] Incumbent 3 years, 120 days Military National Council for Peace and Order
(interim)
61.
Prayut
HRH Vajiralongkorn (Cropped).jpg

Vajiralongkorn
(2016–)

Timeline[edit]

Prayut Chan-o-cha Yingluck Shinawatra Abhisit Vejjajiva Somchai Wongsawat Samak Sundaravej Surayud Chulanont Thaksin Shinawatra Chuan Leekpai Chawalit Yongchaiyut Banharn Silpa-archa Chuan Leekpai Anand Panyarachun Suchinda Kraprayoon Anand Panyarachun Chatichai Choonhavan Prem Tinsulanonda Kriangsak Chamanan Thanin Kraivichien Seni Pramoj Kukrit Pramoj Seni Pramoj Sanya Dharmasakti Thanom Kittikachorn Sarit Thanarat Thanom Kittikachorn Pote Sarasin Plaek Phibunsongkhram Khuang Aphaiwong Thawan Thamrongnawasawat Pridi Banomyong Khuang Aphaiwong Seni Pramoj Thawi Bunyaket Khuang Aphaiwong Plaek Phibunsongkhram Phraya Phahon Phonphayuhasena Phraya Manopakorn Nititada

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth Political party
Thanin Kraivichien 1976–1977 (1927-04-05) 5 April 1927 (age 90) non-partisan
Prem Tinsulanonda 1980–1988 (1920-08-26) 26 August 1920 (age 97) Military
Anand Panyarachun 1991–1992, 1992 (1932-08-09) 9 August 1932 (age 85) non-partisan
Suchinda Kraprayoon 1992 (1933-08-06) 6 August 1933 (age 84) Military
Chuan Leekpai 1992–1995; 1997–2001 (1938-07-28) 28 July 1938 (age 79) Democrat Party
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh 1996–1997 (1932-05-15) 15 May 1932 (age 85) New Aspiration Party
Thaksin Shinawatra 2001–2006 (1949-07-26) 26 July 1949 (age 68) Thai Rak Thai
Surayud Chulanont 2006–2008 (1943-08-28) 28 August 1943 (age 74) non-partisan (Military)
Somchai Wongsawat 2008 (1947-08-31) 31 August 1947 (age 70) People's Power Party
Abhisit Vejjajiva 2008–2011 (1964-08-03) 3 August 1964 (age 53) Democrat Party
Yingluck Shinawatra 2011–2014 (1967-06-21) 21 June 1967 (age 50) Pheu Thai Party

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Thak Chaloemtiarana (2007), Thailand: The Politics of Despotic Paternalism, Ithaca NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program, p. 88, ISBN 978-0-8772-7742-2 
  2. ^ ประกาศแต่งตั้งนายกรัฐมนตรี ลงวันที่ 24 สิงหาคม 2557 [Proclamation on Appointment of Prime Minister dated 24 August 2014] (pdf). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). Bangkok: Cabinet Secretariat. 131, Special Part 159 D: 1. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
Links

External links[edit]