List of Prime Ministers of Thailand

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The Prime Minister of Thailand is the head of government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The prime minister is also the chairman of the cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.

The post of prime minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first prime minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People's Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the king deemed it too communistic.

Constitutionally the prime minister is required to be a member of the lower house of parliament or the House of Representatives. He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the king can take place. As a result, the prime minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House. However, this has never happened up to date.

Throughout the post's existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army, three holding the rank of field marshal and seven the rank of general. The post of prime minister is currently held by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, who was formally appointed to the office on 24 August 2014. Previously he was the de facto head of government as leader of the National Council for Peace and Order, since the coup d'état on 22 May 2014.

Note: The list includes leaders of military juntas and acting prime ministers. However, they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions

Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Thailand (1932–present)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term Political Party Election(s) Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Duration
Phraya Manopakorn Nititada
(1884–1948)
Phraya Manopakorn Nititada.jpg
28 June 1932 10 December 1932 358 days Independent Manopakorn I King Prajadhipok portrait photograph.jpg
King
Prajadhipok
(1925–1935)
10 December 1932 1 April 1933 Manopakorn II
1 April 1933 20 June 1933 Manopakorn III
Phraya Phahonphonphayuhasena
(1887–1947)
Phot Phahonyothin.jpg
21 June 1933 16 December 1933 5 years, 178 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
Phahonyothin I
16 December 1933 22 September 1934 1933 Phahonyothin II
22 September 1934 9 August 1937 Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
Phahonyothin III King Ananda Mahidol portrait photograph 1944.jpg
King
Ananda Mahidol
(1935–1946)
9 August 1937 21 December 1937 1937 Phahonyothin IV
21 December 1937 16 December 1938 Phahonyothin V
Plaek Phibunsongkhram
(1897–1964)
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram.jpg
16 December 1938 7 March 1942 5 years, 229 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
1938 Plaek I
7 March 1942 1 August 1944 Plaek II
Khuang Aphaiwong
(1902–1968)
Khuang Aphaiwong.jpg
1 August 1944 31 August 1945 1 year, 30 days Independent Khuang I
Tawee Boonyaket
(1904–1971)
Tawee Boonyaket.jpg
31 August 1945 17 September 1945 17 days Free Thai Tawee I
Seni Pramoj
(1905–1997)
Senipramoj Cropped.jpg
17 September 1945 31 January 1946 136 days Free Thai Seni I
Khuang Aphaiwong
(1902–1968)
Khuang Aphaiwong.jpg
31 January 1946 24 March 1946 52 days Independent 1946 Khuang II
Pridi Banomyong
(1900–1983)
Pridi Banomyong-portrait.jpg 24 March 1946 11 June 1946 152 days Free Thai Pridi I
11 June 1946 23 August 1946 Pridi II Portrait painting of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.jpg
King
Bhumibol Adulyadej
(1946–2016)
Thawan Thamrongnawasawat
(1901–1988)
Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi.jpg
23 August 1946 30 May 1947 1 year, 79 days Constitutional Front 1946 Thawan I
30 May 1947 8 November 1947 Thawan II
Phin Choonhavan
(1891–1973)
Phin Choonhavan.jpg 8 November 1947 10 November 1947 2 days Military Coup Group
Khuang Aphaiwong
(1902–1968)
Khuang Aphaiwong.jpg
10 November 1947 21 February 1948 150 days Democrat Khuang III
21 February 1948 8 April 1948 1948 Khuang IV
Plaek Phibunsongkhram
(1897–1964)
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram.jpg 8 April 1948 25 June 1949 9 years, 161 days Khana Ratsadon
(Military faction)
Plaek III
25 June 1949 29 November 1951 Plaek IV
29 November 1951 6 December 1951 Plaek V
6 December 1951 24 March 1952 Plaek VI
24 March 1952 21 March 1957 1952 Plaek VII
21 March 1957 16 September 1957 Seri Manangkhasila 1957 Plaek VIII
Sarit Thanarat
(1908–1963)
Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg 16 September 1957 21 September 1957 5 days Military Coup Group
Pote Sarasin
(1905–2000)
Pote Sarasin 1957.jpg
21 September 1957 1 January 1958 102 days Independent Pote
Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911–2004)
Thanom Kittikachorn 1960 02.jpg 1 January 1958 20 October 1958 292 days National Socialist[1] 1957 Thanom I
Sarit Thanarat
(1908–1963)
Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg
20 October 1958 9 February 1959 112 days Military Revolution Group
9 February 1959 8 December 1963 4 years, 302 days Military Sarit I
Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911–2004)
Thanom Kittikachorn 1960 02.jpg
9 December 1963 7 March 1969 9 years, 309 days Military Thanom II
7 March 1969 17 November 1971 United Thai People 1969 Thanom III
18 November 1971 17 December 1972 Military Revolution Group
18 December 1972 14 October 1973 Thanom IV
Sanya Dharmasakti
(1907–2002)
Sanya Dharmasakti.jpg
14 October 1973 22 May 1974 1 year, 124 days Independent Sanya I
27 May 1974 15 February 1975 Sanya II
Seni Pramoj
(1905–1997)
Senipramoj Cropped.jpg
15 February 1975 14 March 1975 27 days Democrat 1975 Seni II
Kukrit Pramoj
(1911–1995)
Kukrit Pramoj.jpg
14 March 1975 20 April 1976 1 year, 37 days Social Action Kukrit
Seni Pramoj
(1905–1997)
Senipramoj Cropped.jpg
20 April 1976 25 September 1976 1 year, 124 days Democrat 1976 Seni III
25 September 1976 6 October 1976 Seni IV
Sangad Chaloryu
(1915–1980)
Emblem of the Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ.svg 6 October 1976 8 October 1976 2 days Military Administration Reform Council
Thanin Kraivichien
(1927–)
Tanin2011.jpg
8 October 1976 20 October 1977 1 year, 34 days Independent —— Thanin
Sangad Chaloryu
(1915–1980)
Emblem of the Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ.svg 20 October 1977 10 November 1977 21 days Military Revolution Group
Kriangsak Chamanan
(1917–2003)
Kriangsak Chomanan 1978.jpg
11 November 1977 12 May 1979 2 years, 113 days Independent Kriangsak I
12 May 1979 3 March 1980 Nation Demorcacy 1979 Kriangsak II
Prem Tinsulanonda
(1920–)
Prem Tinsulanoda cropped.JPG
3 March 1980 30 April 1983 8 years, 154 days Military —— Prem I
30 April 1983 5 August 1986 1983 Prem II
5 August 1986 4 August 1988 1986 Prem III
Chatichai Choonhavan
(1922–1998)
Bush & Choonhavan.jpeg
4 August 1988 9 December 1990 2 years, 204 days Chart Thai 1988 Chatchai I
9 December 1990 23 February 1991 —— Chatchai II
Sunthorn Kongsompong
(1931–1999)
Emblem of the Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ.svg 24 February 1991 2 March 1991 6 days Military National Peace Keeping Council
Anand Panyarachun
(1932–)
Anand Panyarachun.jpg
2 March 1991 7 April 1992 1 year, 36 days Independent Anand I
Suchinda Kraprayoon
(1933–)
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
7 April 1992 10 June 1992 47 days Independent 1992 Suchinda
Meechai Ruchuphan
(1938–)
Acting Prime Minister
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
24 May 1992 10 June 1992 17 days Independent ——
Anand Panyarachun
(1932–)
Anand Panyarachun.jpg
10 June 1992 23 September 1992 105 days Independent —— Anand II
Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
Chuan Leekpai.jpg
23 September 1992 13 July 1995 2 years, 293 days Democrat 1992 Chuan I
Banharn Silpa-archa
(1932–2016)
Banharn Silpa-archa (cropped).jpg
13 July 1995 25 November 1996 1 year, 135 days Chart Thai 1995 Banharn
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
(1932–)
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
25 November 1996 9 November 1997 349 days New Aspiration 1996 Chavalit
Chuan Leekpai
(1938–)
Chuan Leekpai.jpg
9 November 1997 9 February 2001 3 years, 92 days Democrat —— Chuan II
Thaksin Shinawatra
(1949–)
Thaksin crop.jpg
9 February 2001 9 March 2005 5 years, 55 days Thai Rak Thai 2001 Thaksin I
9 March 2005 5 April 2006 2005 Thaksin II
Chitchai Wannasathit
(1949–)
Acting Prime Minister
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand.svg
5 April 2006 23 May 2006 48 days Thai Rak Thai ——
Thaksin Shinawatra
(1949–)
Caretaker Prime Minister
Thaksin crop.jpg
23 May 2006 19 September 2006 119 days Thai Rak Thai
Sonthi Boonyaratglin
(1946–)
Sonthi Boonyaratglin (cropped).png 19 September 2006 1 October 2006 12 days Military Council for National Security
Surayud Chulanont
(1943–)
General Surayud Chulanont.jpg
1 October 2006 29 January 2008 1 year, 120 days Independent Surayud
Samak Sundaravej
(1935–2009)
Samak Sundaravej.JPG
29 January 2008 8 September 2008 224 days People's Power 2007 Samak
Somchai Wongsawat
(1947–)
Somchai Wongsawat 15112008.jpg
8 September 2008 18 September 2008 9 days People's Power ——
18 September 2008 2 December 2008 84 days People's Power Somchai
Chaovarat Chanweerakul
(1936–)
Acting Prime Minister
Chaovarat Chanweerakul (cropped).jpg
2 December 2008 15 December 2008 15 days Independent
Abhisit Vejjajiva
(1964–)
Abhisit royal.jpg
17 December 2008 5 August 2011 2 years, 231 days Democrat Abhisit
Yingluck Shinawatra
(1967–)
Yingluck Shinawatra at US Embassy, Bangkok, July 2011.jpg
5 August 2011 7 May 2014 2 years, 275 days Pheu Thai 2011 Yingluck
Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan
(1948–)
Acting Prime Minister
Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan at Ministerial Conference 2013 crop.jpg
7 May 2014 22 May 2014 15 days Pheu Thai ——
Prayut Chan-o-cha
(1954–)
General Prayut Chan-o-cha (cropped).jpg
22 May 2014 24 August 2014 2 years, 237 days Military National Council for Peace and Order
24 August 2014[2] Incumbent Prayut HRH Vajiralongkorn (Cropped).jpg
King
Vajiralongkorn
(2016–)

Timeline[edit]

Prayut Chan-o-cha Yingluck Shinawatra Abhisit Vejjajiva Somchai Wongsawat Samak Sundaravej Surayud Chulanont Thaksin Shinawatra Chuan Leekpai Chawalit Yongchaiyut Banharn Silpa-archa Chuan Leekpai Anand Panyarachun Suchinda Kraprayoon Anand Panyarachun Chatichai Choonhavan Prem Tinsulanonda Kriangsak Chamanan Thanin Kraivichien Seni Pramoj Kukrit Pramoj Seni Pramoj Sanya Dharmasakti Thanom Kittikachorn Sarit Thanarat Thanom Kittikachorn Pote Sarasin Plaek Phibunsongkhram Khuang Aphaiwong Thawan Thamrongnawasawat Pridi Banomyong Khuang Aphaiwong Seni Pramoj Tawee Boonyaket Khuang Aphaiwong Plaek Phibunsongkhram Phraya Phahon Phonphayuhasena Phraya Manopakorn Nititada

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth Political party
Thanin Kraivichien 1976–1977 (1927-04-05) 5 April 1927 (age 89) non-partisan
Prem Tinsulanonda 1980–1988 (1920-08-26) 26 August 1920 (age 96) Military
Anand Panyarachun 1991–1992, 1992 (1932-08-09) 9 August 1932 (age 84) non-partisan
Suchinda Kraprayoon 1992 (1933-08-06) 6 August 1933 (age 83) Military
Chuan Leekpai 1992–1995; 1997–2001 (1938-07-28) 28 July 1938 (age 78) Democrat Party
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh 1996–1997 (1932-05-15) 15 May 1932 (age 84) New Aspiration Party
Thaksin Shinawatra 2001–2006 (1949-07-26) 26 July 1949 (age 67) Thai Rak Thai
Surayud Chulanont 2006–2008 (1943-08-28) 28 August 1943 (age 73) non-partisan (Military)
Somchai Wongsawat 2008 (1947-08-31) 31 August 1947 (age 69) People's Power Party
Abhisit Vejjajiva 2008–2011 (1964-08-03) 3 August 1964 (age 52) Democrat Party
Yingluck Shinawatra 2011–2014 (1967-06-21) 21 June 1967 (age 49) Pheu Thai Party

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Thak Chaloemtiarana (2007), Thailand: The Politics of Despotic Paternalism, Ithaca NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program, p. 88, ISBN 978-0-8772-7742-2 
  2. ^ ประกาศแต่งตั้งนายกรัฐมนตรี ลงวันที่ 24 สิงหาคม 2557 [Proclamation on Appointment of Prime Minister dated 24 August 2014] (pdf). Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). Bangkok: Cabinet Secretariat. 131, Special Part 159 D: 1. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
Links

External links[edit]