List of heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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This article lists the heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly the Republic of the Congo and Zaire) since the country's independence in 1960.

The current head of government is Prime Minister Sylvestre Ilunga, since 20 May 2019.

Heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1960–present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Republic of the Congo (1960–1971)[edit]

No. Name Lifespan Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Prime Ministers
1 Patrice Lumumba Patrice Lumumba, 1960.jpg 1925–1961 24 June 1960
(appointed)
5 September 1960
(dismissed)
73 days Mouvement National Congolais
(Lumumba faction)
2 Joseph Iléo Joseph Iléo, 1960.jpg 1921–1994 5 September 1960 20 September 1960 15 days Mouvement National Congolais
(Kalonji faction)
Chairmen of the College of Commissioners-General
3 Justin Marie Bomboko Aankomst op Schiphol van Justin Bomboko minister in reg Ileo op doorreis naar P, Bestanddeelnr 911-6367.jpg 1928–2014 4 October 1960 9 February 1961 128 days Independent
Prime Ministers
Antoine Gizenga
(disputed)[a]
Gizenga, 1961.jpg 1925–2019 13 December 1960 5 August 1961 235 days Parti Solidaire Africain
(Gizenga faction)
(2) Joseph Iléo Joseph Iléo, 1960.jpg 1921–1994 9 February 1961 2 August 1961 174 days Mouvement National Congolais
(Kalonji faction)
4 Cyrille Adoula Cyrille Adoula 1963.jpg 1921–1978 2 August 1961 30 June 1964 2 years, 333 days Mouvement National Congolais
5 Moïse Tshombe 26.2.63. Moïse Tshombe arrive à Toulouse (1963) - 53Fi5440 (cropped).jpg 1919–1969 10 July 1964 13 October 1965 1 year, 95 days CONACO
6 Évariste Kimba No image.svg 1926–1966 18 October 1965 14 November 1965 32 days CONAKAT
7 Léonard Mulamba[b] Léonard Mulamba.jpg 1928–1986 25 November 1965 26 October 1966 335 days Military
Post Abolished (26 October 1966 – 27 October 1971)

Republic of Zaire (1971–1997)[edit]

Post Abolished (27 October 1971 – 6 July 1977)
First State Commissioners
8 Mpinga Kasenda No image.svg 1937–1994 6 July 1977 6 March 1979 1 year, 243 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
9 André Bo-Boliko Lokonga Monse Mihambo André Boboliko.jpg 1934–2018 6 March 1979 27 August 1980 1 year, 174 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
10 Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond (cropped).jpg 1938–2003 27 August 1980 23 April 1981[c] 239 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
11 N'singa Udjuu Ongwabeki Untubu No image.svg 1934– 23 April 1981 5 November 1982 1 year, 196 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
12 Léon Kengo wa Dondo Léon Kengo Senate of Poland 01.JPG 1935– 5 November 1982 31 October 1986 3 years, 360 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
Vacant (31 October 1986 – 22 January 1987)
13 Mabi Mulumba No image.svg 1941– 22 January 1987 7 March 1988 1 year, 45 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
14 Sambwa Pida Nbagui No image.svg 1940–1998 7 March 1988 26 November 1988 264 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
(12) Léon Kengo wa Dondo Léon Kengo Senate of Poland 01.JPG 1935– 26 November 1988 4 May 1990 1 year, 159 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
15 Lunda Bululu No image.svg 1942– 4 May 1990 5 July 1990 62 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
Prime Ministers[d]
Lunda Bululu No image.svg 1942– 5 July 1990 1 April 1991 270 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
16 Mulumba Lukoji No image.svg 1943–1997 1 April 1991 29 September 1991[e] 181 days Popular Movement of the Revolution
17 Étienne Tshisekedi Etienne Tshisekedi (5811619100) (cropped).jpg 1932–2017 29 September 1991 1 November 1991 33 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
18 Bernardin Mungul Diaka No image.svg 1933–1999 1 November 1991 25 November 1991 24 days Democratic Assembly for the Republic
(10) Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond (cropped).jpg 1938–2003 25 November 1991 15 August 1992 264 days Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans
(17) Étienne Tshisekedi Etienne Tshisekedi (5811619100) (cropped).jpg 1932–2017 15 August 1992 18 March 1993 215 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
19 Faustin Birindwa No image.svg 1943–1999 18 March 1993 14 January 1994 302 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
(12) Léon Kengo wa Dondo Léon Kengo Senate of Poland 01.JPG 1935– 6 July 1994 2 April 1997 2 years, 270 days Union of Independent Democrats
(17) Étienne Tshisekedi Etienne Tshisekedi (5811619100) (cropped).jpg 1932–2017 2 April 1997 9 April 1997 7 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
20 Likulia Bolongo No image.svg 1939– 9 April 1997 16 May 1997[f] 7 days Military

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–present)[edit]

Post Abolished (16 May 1997 – 30 December 2006)
Prime Ministers
21 Antoine Gizenga Antoine Gizenga.jpg 1925–2019 30 December 2006 10 October 2008 1 year, 285 days Unified Lumumbist Party
22 Adolphe Muzito Adolphe Muzito - 2009.jpg 1957– 10 October 2008 6 March 2012 3 years, 148 days Unified Lumumbist Party
Louis Alphonse Koyagialo
Acting Prime Minister
No image.svg 1947–2014 6 March 2012 18 April 2012 43 days Unified Lumumbist Party
23 Augustin Matata Ponyo Matata Ponyo Mapon.jpg 1964– 18 April 2012 17 November 2016 4 years, 213 days People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
24 Samy Badibanga No image.svg 1962– 17 November 2016 18 May 2017 182 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
25 Bruno Tshibala Bruno Tshibala.jpg 1956– 18 May 2017 7 September 2019 2 years, 112 days Union for Democracy and Social Progress
26 Sylvestre Ilunga No image.svg 1947– 7 September 2019 Incumbent 89 days People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy

Rank by time in office[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rebel government at Stanleyville, during the Congo Crisis.
  2. ^ Chief of Staff since October 1964, until named Prime Minister after coup of 25 November 1965. Removed from premiership 26 October 1966, following pressure from army high command. Mobutu became head of government as well as head of state. Born Kasaï 1930, Joined Force publique 1949, Sergeant Major by 1960, quickly became an officer. 1962 assigned to command the 3rd Groupement at Kisangani. 'Gained international fame for.. defence of Bukavu and for conducting one of the most decisive battles of the 1964 north-east revolution. When Kisangani was recaptured from rebel forces in 1964 he was named military governor of the entire northeastern region.' 'General Mulamba has always enjoyed great popularity with the troops. He is known for his straightforward approach to problems. He has a sizeable farm outside Kinshasa to which, he has said, he would like to retire some day.' (Sydney Taylor, The New Africans, 1967, p.102)
  3. ^ Fled into exile while on an official visit to Belgium.
  4. ^ After Law No. 90-002 of 5 July 1990 was promulgated, the position of "First State Commissioner" was replaced with "Prime Minister." See Articles 94 — 98 of the Constitution of Zaire (as amended by Law No. 90-002) for details. Source
  5. ^ Resigned after the military riots in Kinshasa.
  6. ^ Deposed in the First Congo War.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]