List of Procellariiformes by population

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This is a list of Procellariiformes species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all Procellariiformes have had their numbers quantified.

Species by global population[edit]

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Fiji petrel Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi 50[1] CR[1] Decrease[1] Maximum estimate.[1]
Guadalupe storm petrel Oceanodroma macrodactyla 50[2] CR[2] Unknown[2] Maximum estimate; possibly extinct.[2] Oceanodroma.macrodactyla.jpg
Jamaican petrel Pterodroma caribbaea 50[3] CR[3] Unknown[3] Maximum estimate; possibly extinct, but difficult to confirm due to its (former?) nocturnal nature.[3] Pterodroma caribbaea.png
New Zealand storm petrel Oceanites maorianus 50[4] CR[4] Unknown[4] Maximum estimate.[4] Oceanites maorianus.jpg
Beck's petrel Pseudobulweria becki 70 – 400[5] CR[5] Decrease[5] "Rediscovered" in 2007.[5]
Zino's petrel Pterodroma madeira 130 – 160[6] EN[6] Steady[6]
Magenta petrel Pterodroma magentae 150 – 200[7] CR[7] Increase[7] Taiko chick May2006.jpg
Amsterdam albatross Diomedea amsterdamensis 170[8] CR[8] Decrease[8] Only ~26 pairs breeding annually on the upper plateau of Île Amsterdam. Population was presumably higher before introduced cattle degraded lower elevation breeding sites.[8] Albatros d'amsterdam.jpg
Bermuda petrel Pterodroma cahow 250[9] EN[9] Increase[9] Pterodroma cahow.jpg
Heinroth's shearwater Puffinus heinrothi 350 – 1500[10] VU[10] Steady[10]
Monteiro's storm petrel Oceanodroma monteiroi 350 – 1500[11] NT[11] Steady[11]
Townsend's shearwater Puffinus auricularis 350 – 1500[12] CR[12] Decrease[12] Townsends Shearwater (4684878289).jpg
Collared petrel Pterodroma brevipes 1000 – 10 000[13] VU[13] Decrease[13] OestrelataTorquata.jpg
Trindade petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana 1130[14] VU[14] Steady[14] OestrelataHeraldica.jpg
Chatham petrel Pterodroma axillaris 1400[15] EN[15] Increase[15] OestrelataAxillarisSmit.jpg
Polynesian storm petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa 1500 – 2400[16] EN[16] Decrease[16] Preliminary estimate.[16]
Short-tailed albatross Phoebastria albatrus 2200 – 2500[17] VU[17] Increase[17] Short-tailed Albatross (Phoebastria albatrus).jpg
Jouanin's petrel Bulweria fallax 2500 – 9999[18] NT[18] Increase[18]
Fea's petrel Pterodroma feae 3000[19] NT[19] Increase[19]
Gould's petrel Pterodroma leucoptera 3000 – 21 000[20] VU[20] Decrease[20] PterodromaLeucoptera.jpg
Black petrel Procellaria parkinsoni 5000[21] VU[21] Steady[21] Blackpetrel.jpg
Ashy storm petrel Oceanodroma homochroa 5200 – 10 000[22] EN[22] Decrease[22] Ashystormpetrel.jpeg
Tristan albatross Diomedea dabbenena 7100[23] CR[23] Decrease[23] Tristan Albatross (1).jpg
Barau's petrel Pterodroma baraui 9000 – 12 000[24] EN[24] Decrease[24] Pterodroma baraui (fledgling before releasing).JPG
Hawaiian petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis 9000 – 16 600[25] VU[25] Decrease[25] Numbers may be underestimated.[25]
De Filippi's petrel Pterodroma defilippiana 10 000 – 19 999[26] VU[26] Steady[26] OestrelataDefilippianaKeulemans.jpg
Galápagos petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia 10 000 – 19 999[27] CR[27] Decrease[27] PterodromaPhaeopygia.jpg
Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus 13 000 – 20 000[28] CR[28] Decrease[28] Preliminary estimate.[28] Puffinus mauretanicus.jpg
Chatham albatross Thalassarche eremita 16 000 [29] VU[29] Increase[29] Chatham Albatross (Thalassarche eremita).jpg
Westland petrel Procellaria westlandica 16 000[30] VU[30] Steady[30] Procellaria westlandica1.jpg
Northern giant petrel Macronectes halli 17 000 – 21 000[31] LC[31] Increase[31] Macronectes halli immature - SE Tasmania.jpg
Matsudaira's storm petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae 20 000[32] DD[32] Unknown[32] Preliminary estimate for mature individuals.[32]
Tahiti petrel Pseudobulweria rostrata 20 000 – 30 000[33] NT[33] Decrease[33] Tahitipetrel1.jpg
Wandering albatross Diomedea exulans 20 100[34] VU[34] Decrease[34] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[34] Diomedea exulans 3 - SE Tasmania.jpg
Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos 21 000 – 32 000 [35] EN[35] Decrease[35] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[35] Yellow-nosed albatross.jpg
Northern royal albatross Diomedea sanfordi 25 000 – 26 000[36] EN[36] Decrease[36] Estimate may be dated.[36] Northern Royal Albatross with Red-billed Gull Taiaroa Head Sept 2007.jpg
Southern royal albatross Diomedea epomophora 27 200[37] VU[37] Steady[37] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[37] 070226 southern royal albatross off Kaikoura 2.jpg
Sooty albatross Phoebetria fusca 28 000[38] EN[38] Decrease[38] Estimate is for mature individuals only (14 000 pairs).[38] Phoebetria fusca immature - SE Tasmania.jpg
Tristram's storm petrel Oceanodroma tristrami 30 000[39] NT[39] Steady[39] Maximum estimate.[39] Tristams storm petrel.JPG
Cape Verde shearwater Calonectris edwardsii 30 000[40] NT[40] Decrease[40]
Phoenix petrel Pterodroma alba 30 000[41] EN[41] Decrease[41] Preliminary estimate.[41]
Elliot's storm petrel Oceanites gracilis 30 000[42] DD[42] Steady[42] Minimum estimate.[42]
Pycroft's petrel Pterodroma pycrofti 30 000 – 40 000[43] VU[43] Increase[43]
Spectacled petrel Procellaria conspicillata 38 000[44] VU[44] Increase[44] Spectacled Petrel, Procellaria conspicillata.jpg
Antipodean albatross Diomedea antipodensis 44 500[45] VU[45] Decrease[45] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[45] Gibsons albatross.jpg
Yelkouan shearwater Puffinus yelkouan 46 000 – 92 000 [46] VU[46] Decrease[46] Preliminary estimate.[46]
Markham's storm petrel Oceanodroma markhami 50 000[47] DD[47] Unknown[47] Minimum estimate.[47] MarkhamSP.jpeg
Shy albatross Thalassarche cauta 60 000 – 70 000 [48] NT[48] Unknown[48] Thalassarche cauta - SE Tasmania.jpg
Newell's shearwater Puffinus newelli 84 000[49] EN[49] Decrease[49]
Light-mantled albatross Phoebetria palpebrata 87 000[50] NT[50] Decrease[50] Albatros fuligineux.jpg
Salvin's albatross Thalassarche salvini 90 000 [51] VU[51] Unknown[51] Thalassarche salvini - SE Tasmania.jpg
Pink-footed shearwater Puffinus creatopus 100 000[52] VU[52] Unknown[52] Preliminary maximum estimate.[52] Shearwater pink-footed ventral fall monterey calif 2a.jpg
Southern giant petrel Macronectes giganteus 100 000[53] LC[53] Increase[53] Mature population is "approaching" this number.[53] Giant petrel with chicks.jpg
Providence petrel Pterodroma solandri 100 000[54] VU[54] Increase[54] LordHoweIsland MtGower 210.JPG
Fluttering shearwater Puffinus gavia 100 000[55] LC[55] Decrease[55] Minimum estimate.[55] Puffinus gavia - SE Tasmania.jpg
Swinhoe's storm petrel Oceanodroma monorhis 100 000[56] NT[56] Steady[56] Quite possibly underestimated; a recent study gives a minimum of 130 000 pairs.[56] OceanodromaMonorhisSmit.jpg
Black-footed albatross Phoebastria nigripes 129 000[57] VU[57] Increase[57] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[57] Starr 080608-7788 Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. brasiliensis.jpg
Band-rumped storm petrel Oceanodroma castro 150 000[58] LC[58] Decrease[58]
Christmas shearwater Puffinus nativitatis 150 000[59] LC[59] Steady[59] Christmas shearwater takeoff.JPG
Trindade petrel Pterodroma heraldica 150 000[60] LC[60] Decrease[60] OestrelataHeraldica.jpg
White-necked petrel Pterodroma cervicalis 150 000[61] VU[61] Increase[61] Pterodroma cervicalis - SE Tasmania.jpg
Kermadec petrel Pterodroma neglecta 150 000 – 200 000[62] LC[62] Decrease[62] Kermadec Petrel Adult.jpg
Fulmar prion Pachyptila crassirostris 150 000 – 300 000[63] LC[63] Steady[63]
Indian yellow-nosed albatross Thalassarche carteri 160 000 [64] EN[64] Decrease[64] "Perhaps" a minimum estimate.[64] Thalassarche carteri - SE Tasmania.jpg
Grey-backed storm petrel Garrodia nereis 200 000[65] LC[65] Decrease[65] "Potential" minimum estimate.[65] Garrodia nereis 2 - SE Tasmania.jpg
Black-vented shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas 200 000 – 250 000[66] NT[66] Unknown[66]
Grey-headed albatross Thalassarche chrysostoma 250 000 [67] VU[67] Decrease[67] Minimum estimate for mature individuals.[67] Thalassarche chrysostoma - SE Tasmania.jpg
White-bellied storm petrel Fregetta grallaria 300 000[68] LC[68] Decrease[68] Fregetta grallaria by John Gould.jpg
Hutton's shearwater Puffinus huttoni 300 000 – 350 000[69] EN[69] Steady[69]
Grey petrel Procellaria cinerea 400 000[70] NT[70] Decrease[70] Preliminary estimate.[70] Procellaria cinerea 2 - SE Tasmania.jpg
Stejneger's petrel Pterodroma longirostris 400 000[71] VU[71] Decrease[71] Minimum estimate.[71]
Audubon's shearwater Puffinus lherminieri 500 000[72] LC[72] Steady[72] Puffinus subalaris Galapagos.jpg
Black-bellied storm petrel Fregetta tropica 500 000[73] LC[73] Decrease[73] Fregetta tropica By John Gould.jpg
Black storm petrel Oceanodroma melania 500 000[74] LC[74] Decrease[74] Minimum estimate.[74]
Wedge-rumped storm petrel Oceanodroma tethys 500 000[75] LC[75] Decrease[75] Minimum estimate.[75]
Bulwer's petrel Bulweria bulwerii 500 000 – 1 000 000[76] LC[76] Steady[76] Bulwers petrel.jpg
White-headed petrel Pterodroma lessonii 600 000[77] LC[77] Decrease[77]
Flesh-footed shearwater Puffinus carneipes 650 000[78] LC[78] Steady[78] Minimum estimate.[78] Puffinus carneipes.jpg
Cook's petrel Pterodroma cookii 670 000[79] VU[79] Increase[79] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[79] Cookspetrel1.jpg
Little shearwater Puffinus assimilis 900 000[80] VU[80] Increase[80] Minimum estimate.[80] Puffinus assimilis.png
Cory's shearwater Calonectris diomedea 900 000 – 1 200 000[81] LC[81] Decrease[81] Preliminary estimate.[81] Gelbschnabel-Sturmtaucher DSC 0111-Padela.jpg
Bonin petrel Pterodroma hypoleuca 1 000 000[82] LC[82] Decrease[82] Population "approaches" this number.[82] BOPE.JPG
Kerguelen petrel Lugensa brevirostris 1 000 000[83] LC[83] Steady[83] LugensaBrevirostris.jpg
Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus 1 050 000 – 1 170 000 [84] LC[84] Decrease[84] Puffinus puffinus -Iceland -flying-6.jpg
Black-browed albatross Thalassarche melanophrys 1 150 000 [85] EN[85] Decrease[85] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[85] Thalassarche melanophrys - SE Tasmania.jpg
European storm petrel Hydrobates pelagicus 1 290 000 – 1 530 000 [86] LC[86] Decrease[86] Hydrobates pelagicus.jpg
Great-winged petrel Pterodroma macroptera 1 500 000[87] LC[87] Decrease[87] Minimum estimate.[87] Pterodroma macroptera in flight 4 - SE Tasmania.jpg
Laysan albatross Phoebastria immutabilis 1 700 000[88] NT[88] Steady[88] Minimum estimate.[88] Laysan Albatross RWD2.jpg
Cape petrel Daption capense 2 000 000[89] LC[89] Steady[89] Daption capense in flight 2 - SE Tasmania.jpg
Buller's shearwater Puffinus bulleri 2 500 000[90] VU[90] Steady[90] Estimate is dated; numbers may now be lower.[90] Bullershearwater.jpg
Streaked shearwater Calonectris leucomelas 3 000 000[91] LC[91] Decrease[91] Streaked shearwater sitting.jpg
Blue petrel Halobaena caerulea 3 000 000[92] LC[92] Steady[92] Minimum estimate.[92] Halobaena caerulea.jpg
Juan Fernández petrel Pterodroma externa 3 000 000[93] VU[93] Steady[93] Minimum estimate from 1986, but population appears to remain steady.[93] PterodromaExterna.jpg
White-chinned petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis 3 000 000[94] VU[94] Decrease[94] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[94] Procellaria aequinoctialis off Kaikoura.jpg
Southern fulmar Fulmarus glacialoides 4 000 000[95] LC[95] Steady[95] Fulmarus glacialoides - SE Tasmania.jpg
Snow petrel Pagodroma nivea 4 000 000[96] LC[96] Steady[96] Minimum estimate.[96] Pétrel des neiges - Snow Petrel.jpg
White-faced storm petrel Pelagodroma marina 4 000 000[97] LC[97] Decrease[97] Minimum estimate.[97] Whitefacedstormpetrel1.jpg
Atlantic petrel Pterodroma incerta 5 000 000[98] EN[98] Decrease[98] PterodromaIncerta.jpg
Fairy prion Pachyptila turtur 5 000 000[99] LC[99] Steady[99] Fairy prion flight.JPG
Soft-plumaged petrel Pterodroma mollis 5 000 000[100] LC[100] Steady[100] Minimum estimate.[100] Soft-plumaged Petrel.jpg
Wedge-tailed shearwater Puffinus pacificus 5 200 000[101] LC[101] Decrease[101] Wedge tailed shearwater2.jpg
Fork-tailed storm petrel Oceanodroma furcata 6 000 000[102] LC[102] Increase[102] Minimum estimate.[102] Oceanodroma furcata 1.jpg
Slender-billed prion Pachyptila belcheri 7 000 000[103] LC[103] Steady[103] Minimum estimate.[103] Slender-billed Prion Close.jpg
Black-winged petrel Pterodroma nigripennis 8 000 000 – 10 000 000[104] LC[104] Decrease[104] Blackwinged petrel vanua levu jun08.JPG
Antarctic petrel Thalassoica antarctica 10 000 000 – 20 000 000 [105] LC[105] Steady[105] Thalassoica.jpg
Salvin's prion Pachyptila salvini 12 000 000[106] LC[106] Steady[106] Minimum estimate.[106] Medium-billed Prion.jpg
Wilson's storm petrel Oceanites oceanicus 12 000 000 – 30 000 000[107] LC[107] Steady[107] Oceanites oceanicus - SE Tasmania.jpg
South Georgia diving petrel Pelecanoides georgicus 15 000 000[108] LC[108] Decrease[108]
Broad-billed prion Pachyptila vittata 15 000 000[109] LC[109] Decrease[109] Minimum estimate.[109] Broad billed prion.jpg
Great shearwater Puffinus gravis 15 000 000[110] LC[110] Steady[110] Minimum estimate.[55] Puffinus gravisPCCA20070623-3641B.jpg
Northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis 15 000 000 – 30 000 000[111] LC[111] Increase[111] Northern-Fulmar2 cropped.jpg
Common diving petrel Pelecanoides urinatrix 16 000 000[112] LC[112] Decrease[112] Minimum estimate.[112] Pelecanoides urinatrix 1 - SE Tasmania.jpg
Leach's storm petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa 20 000 000[113] LC[113] Steady[113] Minimum estimate.[113] Lesp1.jpg
Sooty shearwater Puffinus griseus 20 000 000[114] NT[114] Decrease[114] Minimum estimate.[55] Puffinus griseus in flight - SE Tasmania.jpg
Short-tailed shearwater Puffinus tenuirostris 23 000 000 [115] LC[115] Decrease[115] Minimum estimate.[115] Puffinus tenuirostris - SE Tasmania.jpg
Antarctic prion Pachyptila desolata 50 000 000[116] LC[116] Decrease[116] Pachyptila desolata -South Atlantic -flying-8.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma macrodactyla". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma caribbaea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  4. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanites maorianus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pseudobulweria becki". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  6. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma madeira". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  7. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma magentae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  8. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Diomedea amsterdamensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  9. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma cahow". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  10. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Puffinus heinrothi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  11. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma monteiroi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  12. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Puffinus auricularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  13. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma brevipes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  14. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma arminjoniana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  15. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma axillaris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  16. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Nesofregetta fuliginosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
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  21. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Procellaria parkinsoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  22. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma homochroa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  23. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Diomedea dabbenena". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  24. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma baraui". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  25. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma sandwichensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
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  29. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Thalassarche eremita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
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  32. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma matsudairae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
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  34. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Diomedea exulans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  35. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Thalassarche chlororhynchos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  36. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Diomedea sanfordi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  37. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Diomedea epomophora". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  38. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Phoebetria fusca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  39. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma tristrami". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  40. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Calonectris edwardsii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  41. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma alba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  42. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanites gracilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  43. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma pycrofti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
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  46. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Puffinus yelkouan". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
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  51. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Thalassarche salvini". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  52. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Puffinus creatopus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  53. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Macronectes giganteus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  54. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pterodroma solandri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  55. ^ a b c d e f BirdLife International (2012). "Puffinus gavia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  56. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma monorhis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  57. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Phoebastria nigripes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  58. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Oceanodroma castro". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
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