List of Ramsar sites in the Philippines

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The Ramsar Convention (formally, the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands,[1] recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971.

The Philippines enforced the Ramsar Convention in its whole territory on November 8, 1994. Since then, Ramsar has designated 7 Ramsar sites in the country. Two Ramsar sites in the Philippines have been declared by UNESCO as world heritage sites, namely Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, and Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park.[2]

A national inventory of wetland resources, based on the best scientific information available, is mandated by the Convention since 1990 through Recom 4.6. A Framework for Wetland Inventory was also established by the Convention in 2002 to aid member states in establishing their own national inventory for wetland sites. The inventory makes it possible to prioritize appropriate wetland sites for designation on the Ramsar List, similar to the tentative list of UNESCO, where UNESCO sites must always come from the tentative list. There is currently no publicly disclosed wetland inventory in the Philippines, but it is assumed that such inventory exists as the Philippines, through the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, has already nominated at least seven Philippine wetlands since 1994.

The current representation of the Philippines in Ramsar wetland nominations is inactive compared with the Ramsar wetland nominations of its peers. By comparison, the Philippines has 7 sites, while Mexico has more than 140, the archipelagic country of Japan has more than 50, the African nation of Algeria has more than 50, and the small country of South Korea has 22. The Philippines, an archipelagic country, theoretically possesses more wetlands than South Korea and North Korea combined. This has prompted various scholars to push the government to participate more in the nominations of Philippine wetlands in the Ramsar Convention. By rule, the Philippines may nominate multiple sites as Ramsar sites like what Mexico did in 2008, where at least 45 of its nominated sites were specifically declared as new Ramsar sites.[3]

Designated sites[edit]

Site Area Designated Location Coordinates Image Ref
Las Piñas-Parañaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism Area 175.00 ha
(432.4 acres)
15 March 2013 Metro Manila (Manila Bay) 14°29′35″N 120°58′50″E / 14.49306°N 120.98056°E / 14.49306; 120.98056 (Las Piñas-Parañaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism Area) Morning Mist On The Mangroves.jpg [4]
Naujan Lake National Park 14,568.00 ha
(35,998.3 acres)
12 November 1999 Oriental Mindoro 13°10′00″N 121°11′00″E / 13.16667°N 121.18333°E / 13.16667; 121.18333 (Naujan Lake National Park) Naujan Lake.jpg [4]
Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park 22,202.00 ha
(54,862.3 acres)
30 June 2012 Palawan 10°10′00″N 118°55′00″E / 10.16667°N 118.91667°E / 10.16667; 118.91667 (Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park) Underground River in Puerto Princesa, Palawan 15.JPG [4]
Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park 6,828.00 ha
(16,872.4 acres)
12 November 1999 Palawan (Sulu Sea) 8°57′00″N 119°52′00″E / 8.95000°N 119.86667°E / 8.95000; 119.86667 (Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park) Thalasseus bergii by Gregg Yan 02.jpg [4]
Olango Island Wildlife Sanctuary 5,800.00 ha
(14,332.1 acres)
1 July 1994 Cebu 10°16′00″N 124°03′00″E / 10.26667°N 124.05000°E / 10.26667; 124.05000 (Olango Island Wildlife Sanctuary) Olangoozcurlew.jpg [4]
Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary 14,836.00 ha
(36,660.6 acres)
12 November 1999 Agusan del Sur 08°17′00″N 125°53′00″E / 8.28333°N 125.88333°E / 8.28333; 125.88333 (Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary) Agusan river.jpg [4]
Negros Occidental Coastal Wetlands Conservation Area 89,607.8 ha
(221,426 acres)
20 October 2016 Negros Occidental 10°16′00″N 122°46′00″E / 10.26667°N 122.76667°E / 10.26667; 122.76667 (Negros Occidental Coastal Wetlands Conservation Area) [4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramsar official website, retrieved 2011-07-10
  2. ^ https://www.ramsar.org/wetland/philippines
  3. ^ https://www.ramsar.org/sites-countries/designating-ramsar-sites
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Philippines". The Ramsar Convention. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
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