List of censors of the Roman Republic

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This is a list of censors of the Roman Republic, consisting of all recorded office holders. This list, unless otherwise indicated, is taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Philological Monograph No. 15, vols. 1 and 2. (New York: American Philological Association, 1951, 1952).

5th century BC[edit]

Before 443 BC, the consuls were responsible for the census. In 443 BC, the right to take the census was moved from the consuls to the newly established office of censor. They were chosen exclusively from patricians.

Year Patrician censors Plebeian censors
443 Lucius Papirius Mugillanus
Lucius Sempronius Atratinus
435 Gaius Furius Pacilus Fusus
Marcus Geganius Macerinus
418 Manius Aemilius Mamercinus
Lucius Papirius Mugillanus
403 Marcus Furius Camillus
Marcus Postumius Albinus Regillensis

4th century BC[edit]

In 393 BC, Marcus Cornelius Maluginensis was elected suffect censor to replace the deceased censor Gaius Iulius Iullus. In 351 BC, Gaius Marcius Rutilus was elected as the first plebeian censor. According to the Lex Publilia, since 339 BC at least one of the censors had to be plebeian. In 312 BC, Appius Claudius Caecus was elected censor without being consul before.

Year Patrician censors Plebeian censors
393 Lucius Papirius Cursor
Gaius Iulius Iullus
Marcus Cornelius Maluginensis (Suffect)
389[1] Marcus Furius Fusus (?)
Lucius Papirius Mugillanus (?)
380 Spurius Postumius Albinus Regillensis
Gaius Sulpicius Camerinus
378 Spurius Servilius Priscus
Quintus Cloelius Siculus
366 Gaius Sulpicius Peticus
Postumius Regillensis Albinus (?)
363 Marcus Fabius Ambustus
Lucius Furius Medullinus
351 Gnaeus Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus Gaius Marcius Rutilus
340[2] Lucius Cornelius Scipio Publius Cornelius Scipio
332 Spurius Postumius Albinus Caudinus Quintus Publilius Philo
319 Gaius Sulpicius Longus[3]
318 Lucius Papirius Crassus Gaius Maenius
312 Appius Claudius Caecus Gaius Plautius Venox
307 Marcus Valerius Maximus Corvinus Gaius Junius Bubulcus Brutus
304 Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus Publius Decius Mus

3rd century BC[edit]

In 294 and 265 BC, Gaius Marcius Rutilus Censorinus was elected censor. This was the only time a person was elected censor twice. Marcius prevented this situation from repeating itself by originating a law stating that no one could be elected censor twice.

Year Patrician censors Plebeian censors
300 Publius Sulpicius Saverrio Publius Sempronius Sophus
294 Publius Cornelius Arvina Gaius Marcius Rutilus Censorinus
289[4] Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges (?) Spurius Carvilius Maximus (?)
283  ? Quintus Caedicius Noctua[5]
280 Lucius Cornelius Scipio Barbatus Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus Maximus
275 Quintus Aemilius Papus Gaius Fabricius Luscinus
272 Lucius Papirius Cursor Manlius Curius Dentatus
269 Lucius Aemilius Barbula Quintus Marcius Philippus
265 Gnaeus Cornelius Blasio Gaius Marcius Rutilus Censorinus II
258 Lucius Cornelius Scipio Gaius Duilius
253 Lucius Postumius Megellus Decimus Junius Pera
252 Manius Valerius Maximus Corvinus Messalla Publius Sempronius Sophus
247 Aulus Manlius Torquatus Atticus Aulus Atilius Calatinus
241 Marcus Fabius Buteo Gaius Aurelius Cotta
236 Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus Quintus Lutatius Cerco
234 Aulus Postumius Albinus Gaius Atilius Bulbus
231 Titus Manlius Torquatus Quintus Fulvius Flaccus
230 Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus Marcus Sempronius Tuditanus
225 Gaius Claudius Centho Marcus Junius Pera
220 Lucius Aemilius Papus Gaius Flaminius
214 Publius Furius Philus Marcus Atilius Regulus
210 Lucius Veturius Philo Publius Licinius Crassus Dives
209 Marcus Cornelius Cethegus Publius Sempronius Tuditanus
204 Gaius Claudius Nero Marcus Livius Salinator

2nd century BC[edit]

In 131 BC, for the first time both censors were plebeian.

After only one year in office the in 109 BC elected censor Marcus Livius Drusus died. His colleague Marcus Aemilius Scaurus at first refused to resign but resigned when new censors were elected in 108 BC.

Year Patrician censors Plebeian censors
199 Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Publius Aelius Paetus
194 Gaius Cornelius Cethegus Sextus Aelius Paetus Catus
189 Titus Quinctius Flamininus Marcus Claudius Marcellus
184 Lucius Valerius Flaccus Marcus Porcius Cato
179 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus Marcus Fulvius Nobilior
174 Aulus Postumius Albinus Luscus Quintus Fulvius Flaccus
169 Gaius Claudius Pulcher Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus
164 Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus Quintus Marcius Philippus
159 Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum Marcus Popillius Laenas
154 Marcus Valerius Messalla Gaius Cassius Longinus
147 Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Lupus Lucius Marcius Censorinus
142 Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Lucius Mummius Achaicus
136 Appius Claudius Pulcher Quintus Fulvius Nobilior
131 --- Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus
Quintus Pompeius
125 Gnaeus Servilius Caepio Lucius Cassius Longinus Ravilla
120 --- Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus
Lucius Calpurnius Piso Frugi
115 --- Lucius Caecilius Metellus Diadematus
Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
109 Marcus Aemilius Scaurus Marcus Livius Drusus
108 Quintus Fabius Maximus Eburnus Gaius Licinius Geta
102 --- Gaius Caecilius Metellus Caprarius
Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus

1st century BC[edit]

Lucius Marcius Philippus and Marcus Perperna were elected censors in 86 BC. Due to civil war and the consequences of Sulla's dictatorship, no new censors were elected until 70 BC.

Year Patrician censors Plebeian censors
97 Lucius Valerius Flaccus Marcus Antonius Orator
92 --- Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
Lucius Licinius Crassus
89 Lucius Julius Caesar Publius Licinius Crassus
86 --- Lucius Marcius Philippus
Marcus Perperna
70 Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus Lucius Gellius Poplicola
65 --- Marcus Licinius Crassus
Quintus Lutatius Catulus
64  ? Lucius Aurelius Cotta[6]
61  ? Gaius Scribonius Curio[7]
55 Marcus Valerius Messalla Niger Publius Servilius Vatia Isauricus
50 Appius Claudius Pulcher Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus
42 Publius Sulpicius Rufus Gaius Antonius Hybrida
28 Caesar Augustus Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (They did not hold the title Censor)
22 Paullus Aemilius Lepidus Lucius Munatius Plancus
8 Caesar Augustus (sole censor) ---


  1. ^ Broughton notes "This censorship is very doubtful." Diodorus Siculus (15.22.1) is our source for this censorship; Livy does (6.5.8) not mention them; this portion of the Fasti Capitolini is missing. These persons are otherwise unknown. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1 p. 98 n. 3)
  2. ^ Velleius Paterculus, 2.8.2. Broughton indicates that this censorship is doubtful, "since Velleius may possibly be thinking simply of brothers who were colleagues in the same office and not specifically of the censorship." (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1 p. 137 n. 4)
  3. ^ Broughton: "The name of the second Censor is lost. They did not complete the lustrum and probably abdicated, since others were elected to the censorship in 318." (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1 p. 154 n. 2)
  4. ^ Broughton notes, "Both the date of this censorship and the names of the Censors remain not completely certain" and discusses the issues. Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1 p. 184 n. 2
  5. ^ The authority for this year, the Fasti Capitolini is damaged at this point and only indicates Noctua abdicated.
  6. ^ According to Broughton, the name of his colleague is unknown. (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 2 p. 161)
  7. ^ Although there is ample proof that censors were elected this year (for example, Dio Cassius 37.46.4), no primary source recorded their names. Scribonius was suggested by Bartolommeo Borghesi as one of the possible censors. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 2 p. 179)