List of Roman consuls

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This is a list of Roman consuls, the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic and a high office of the Empire. If the emperor was consul, it was the highest office; if not, it was a high administrative office and remained the basis of marking time in the fasti.

For the early Roman Republic this article observes the Varronian chronology, first presented by Marcus Terentius Varro, in which Year 1 AUC becomes 754–753 BC (the Roman year was split over two modern years). The first year of the republic is 245 AUC, or 509–508 BC. This chronology came to be widely accepted; in ancient times it was used in the Fasti Capitolini, and its use by Censorinus brought it to the attention of Joseph Scaliger, whose adoption in creating a scientific chronology of ancient times made it familiar and widespread in modern times.[1] However, other ancient sources for the list of Roman Republican consuls provide different dates for both the Founding of Rome, and for names of consuls.[2]

The dates of ordinary consuls is far more certain for the Imperial period; however, because suffect consuls were not recorded with the same attention as ordinary consuls (after whom the years were named), their identification and dating is far more controversial, and despite the efforts of generations of scholars, gaps in coverage remain. Known suffect consuls are shown with their known (or reconstructed) dates of tenure, which normally varied from two to six months -- although one suffect consul, Rosius Regulus, is known to have held the fasces for a single day, 31 October AD 69.[3] Suffect consuls whose name has not survived only appear (as Ignotus) when their colleague is known; pairs of unknown suffect consuls are omitted for convenience.

In this list, consuls for the Republic and the early Empire are identified as "consul prior" and "consul posterior", the terms the Romans used to refer to the individual offices. The consul prior was the more senior and esteemed of the pair. Under the Republic he was elected first, had priority in holding the fasces, as well as the honor of being named first in the lists for the year.[4] Under the Empire, this position was the one occupied by the Emperor. This relationship continued into the 4th century AD, when the consuls were identified as the "Western consul" (who was appointed by the court in the Western part of the Empire, sometimes at Rome) and the "Eastern consul" (who was appointed by the court in the Eastern part of the Empire, usually Constantinople); these designations were used until the end of the consulship in the 6th century.[5]

For those individuals who served as Consul (usually Suffect, but some of the consuls in the breakaway Gallic Empire lack dates[6]), but whose period in office is uncertain, see List of undated Roman consuls.

For those individuals who were elected to the office of Consul but never actually served due to death, disgrace, or any other reason prior to the commencement of their term, see List of Roman consuls designate.

Key[edit]

Abbreviations for titles[edit]

  • Imp. = Imperator
  • suff. = consul suffectus (information for all suffect-consuls is not available, so some may not be listed)

Abbreviations for praenomina[edit]

  • A. = Aulus
  • Ap. = Appius
  • C. = Gaius
  • Cn. = Gnaeus
  • D. = Decimus
  • K. = Caeso
  • L. = Lucius
  • M. = Marcus
  • M'. = Manius
  • Mam. = Mamercus
  • N. = Numerius
  • Opet. = Opiter
  • P. = Publius
  • Post. = Postumus
  • Proc. = Proculus
  • Q. = Quintus
  • Ser. = Servius
  • Sex. = Sextus
  • Sp. = Spurius
  • T. = Titus
  • Ti. = Tiberius
  • Vop. = Vopiscus

Colors[edit]

6th century BC[edit]

(Unless otherwise indicated, the names and dates for this century are taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. Philological Monograph No. 15, v.1. New York: American Philological Association, 1951.)

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
509 L. Junius Brutus L. Tarquinius Collatinus
suff. Sp. Lucretius Tricipitinus P. Valerius Poplicola
suff. M. Horatius Pulvillus
508 P. Valerius Poplicola II T. Lucretius Tricipitinus
507 P. Valerius Poplicola III M. Horatius Pulvillus II[7]
506 Sp. Lartius (Rufus or Flavus) T. Herminius Aquilinus[8]
505 M. Valerius Volusus P. Postumius Tubertus
504 P. Valerius Poplicola IV T. Lucretius Tricipitinus II
503 Agrippa Menenius Lanatus P. Postumius Tubertus II
502 Opet. Verginius Tricostus Sp. Cassius Viscellinus
501 Post. Cominius Auruncus T. Lartius (Flavus or Rufus)

5th century BC[edit]

(Unless otherwise indicated, the names and dates for this century are taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. New York: American Philological Association, 1951.)

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
500 Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus M'. Tullius Longus
499 T. Aebutius Elva C. Veturius Geminus Cicurinus
498 Q. Cloelius Siculus T. Lartius (Flavus or Rufus) II
497 A. Sempronius Atratinus M. Minucius Augurinus
496 A. Postumius Albus Regillensis T. Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus
495 Ap. Claudius Sabinus Regillensis P. Servilius Priscus Structus
494 A. Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus T. Veturius Geminus Cicurinus
494 Dictator: M'. Valerius Maximus
493 Post. Cominius Auruncus II Sp. Cassius Viscellinus II
492 T. Geganius Macerinus P. Minucius Augurinus
491 M. Minucius Augurinus II A. Sempronius Atratinus II
490 Q. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus Sp. Larcius (Rufus or Flavus) II[9]
489 C. Julius Iulus P. Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus
488 Sp. Nautius Rutilus Sex. Furius Medullinus Tuscus
487 T. Sicinius (Sabinus?) C. Aquillius (Tuscus?)
486 Sp. Cassius Viscellinus III Proculus Verginius Tricostus Rutilus
485 Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis Q. Fabius Vibulanus
484 L. Aemilius Mamercus K. Fabius Vibulanus
483 M. Fabius Vibulanus L. Valerius Potitus
482 Q. Fabius Vibulanus II C. Julius Iulus
481 K. Fabius Vibulanus II Sp. Furius Medullinus Fusus
480 M. Fabius Vibulanus II Cn. Manlius Cincinnatus
479 K. Fabius Vibulanus III T. Verginius Tricostus Rutilus
478 L. Aemilius Mamercus II C. Servilius Structus Ahala[10]
suff. Opet. Verginius Tricostus Esquilinus[11]
477 C. Horatius Pulvillus T. Menenius Lanatus[12]
476 A. Verginius Tricostus Rutilus Sp. Servilius Structus
475 P. Valerius Poplicola C. Nautius Rutilus
474 L. Furius Medullinus Cn. Manlius Vulso
473 L. Aemilius Mamercus III Vop. Julius Iulus[13]
472 L. Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus P. Furius Medullinus Fusus
471 Ap. Claudius Sabinus Regillensis T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus
470 L. Valerius Potitus II Ti. Aemilius Mamercus
469 T. Numicius Priscus A. Verginius Caeliomontanus
468 T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus II Q. Servilius Structus Priscus
467 Ti. Aemilius Mamercus II Q. Fabius Vibulanus
466 Q. Servilius Structus Priscus Structus II Sp. Postumius Albinus Regillensis
465 Q. Fabius Vibulanus II T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus III
464 A. Postumius Albinus Regillensis Sp. Furius Medullinus Fusus
463 P. Servilius Priscus L. Aebutius Elva
462 L. Lucretius Tricipitinus T. Veturius Geminus Cicurinus
461 P. Volumnius Amintinus Gallus Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus
460 P. Valerius Poplicola II C. Claudius Inregillensis Sabinus
suff. L. Quinctius Cincinnatus
459 Q. Fabius Vibulanus III L. Cornelius Maluginensis Uritinus
458 C. Nautius Rutilus II L. Minucius Esquilinus Augurinus[14]
458 Dictator: L. Quinctius Cincinnatus
457 C. Horatius Pulvillus II Q. Minucius Esquilinus[15]
456 M. Valerius Maximus Lactuca Sp. Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus
455 T. Romilius Rocus Vaticanus C. Veturius Cicurinus
454 Sp. Tarpeius Montanus Capitolinus A. Aternius Varus Fontinalis
453 Sex. Quinctilius P. Curiatius Fistus Trigeminus
suff. Sp. Furius Medullinus Fusus II
452 T. Menenius Lanatus P. Sestius Capitolinus Vaticanus
451 Ap. Claudius Crassus Sabinus Regillensis T. Genucius Augurinus
Decemviri
Ap. Claudius Crassus Sabinus Regillensis A. Manlius Vulso
T. Genucius Augurinus Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus[16]
Veturius Crassus Cicurinus[17] P. Curiatius Fistus Trigeminus
P. Sestius Capitolinus Vaticanus T. Romilius Rocus Vaticanus
C. Julius Iulus Sp. Postumius Albus Regillensis
450 Decemviri
Ap. Claudius Crassus Sabinus Regillensis II Q. Poetelius Libo Visolus
M. Cornelius Maluginensis T. Antonius Merenda
M. Sergius Esquilinus K. Duillius
L. Minucius Esquilinus Augurinus Sp. Oppius Cornicen
Q. Fabius Vibulanus M'. Rabuleius
449 Decemviri
Ap. Claudius Crassus Sabinus Regillensis III Q. Poetelius Libo Visolus II
M. Cornelius Maluginensis II T. Antonius Merenda II
M. Sergius Esquilinus II K. Duillius II
L. Minucius Esquilinus Augurinus II Sp. Oppius Cornicen II
Q. Fabius Vibulanus II M'. Rabuleius II
L. Valerius Potitus M. Horatius (Tu?)rrinus Barbatus
448 Lars Herminius Aquilinus T. Verginius Tricostus Caeliomontanus
447 M. Geganius Macerinus C. Julius Iulus
446 T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus IV Agrippa Furius Fusus
445 M. Genucius Augurinus C. Curtius Philo
444 Consular Tribunes
A. Sempronius Atratinus T. Cloelius Siculus
L. Atilius Luscus
suff. L. Papirius Mugillanus L. Sempronius Atratinus[18]
443 M. Geganius Macerinus II T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus V
442 M. Fabius Vibulanus Post. Aebutius Elva Cornicen
441 C. Furius Pacilus Fusus M. Papirius Crassus
440 Proc. Geganius Macerinus Menenius Lanatus II[19]
439 Agrippa Menenius Lanatus T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus VI
439 Dictator: L. Quinctius Cincinnatus
438 Consular Tribunes
Mam. Aemilius Macerinus L. Julius Iulus
L. Quinctius Cincinnatus
437 M. Geganius Macerinus III L. Sergius Fidenas
suff. M. Valerius Lactuca Maximus
436 L. Papirius Crassus M. Cornelius Maluginensis
435 C. Julius Iulus II L. Verginius Tricostus
434 C. Julius Iulus III L. Verginius Tricostus II[20]
433 Consular Tribunes
M. Fabius Vibulanus L. Sergius Fidenas
M. Folius Flaccinator
432 Consular Tribunes
L. Pinarius Mamercus Sp. Postumius Albus Regillensis
L. Furius Medullinus
431 T. Quinctius Poenus Cincinnatus C. Julius Mento
430 L. Papirius Crassus II[21] L. Julius Iulus
429 Hostus Lucretius Tricipitinus L. Sergius Fidenas II
428 A. Cornelius Cossus T. Quinctius Poenus Cincinnatus II[22]
427 C. Servilius Structus Ahala L. Papirius Mugillanus
426 Consular Tribunes
T. Quinctius Poenus Cincinnatus M. Postumius Albinus Regillensis
C. Furius Pacilus Fusus A. Cornelius Cossus
425 Consular Tribunes
A. Sempronius Atratinus L. Furius Medullinus II
L. Quinctius Cincinnatus II L. Horatius Barbatus
424 Consular Tribunes
Ap. Claudius Crassus L. Sergius Fidenas II
Sp. Nautius Rutilus[23] Sex. Julius Iulus
423 C. Sempronius Atratinus Q. Fabius Vibulanus
422 Consular Tribunes
L. Manlius Capitolinus L. Papirius Mugillanus
Q. Antonius Merenda
421 Cn. Fabius Vibulanus[24] T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus
420 Consular Tribunes
Quinctius Cincinnatus[25] M. Manlius Vulso
L. Furius Medullinus III A. Sempronius Atratinus II
419 Consular Tribunes
Agrippa Menenius Lanatus Sp. Nautius Rutilus
P. Lucretius Tricipitinus C. Servilius Axilla
418 Consular Tribunes
L. Sergius Fidenas III C. Servilius Axilla II
M. Papirius Mugillanus
417 Consular Tribunes
P. Lucretius Tricipitinus II Agrippa Menenius Lanatus II
Sp. Veturius Crassus[26] C. Servilius Axilla III
416 Consular Tribunes
A. Sempronius Atratinus III Q. Fabius Vibulanus
M. Papirius Mugillanus II Sp. Nautius Rutilus II
415 Consular Tribunes
P. Cornelius Cossus N. Fabius Vibulanus
C. Valerius Potitus Volusus Q. Quinctius Cincinnatus
414 Consular Tribunes
Cn. Cornelius Cossus Q. Fabius Vibulanus II
L. Valerius Potitus P. Postumius Albinus Regillensis
413 A. Cornelius Cossus II L. Furius Medullinus
412 Q. Fabius Vibulanus Ambustus C. Furius Pacilus
411 M. Papirius Atratinus[27] Sp. Nautius Rutilus
410 M'. Aemilius Mamercinus C. Valerius Potitus Volusus
409 Cn. Cornelius Cossus L. Furius Medullinus II
408 Consular Tribunes
C. Julius Iulus C. Servilius Ahala
P. Cornelius Cossus
407 Consular Tribunes
L. Furius Medullinus N. Fabius Vibulanus II
C. Valerius Potitus Volusus II C. Servilius Ahala II
406 Consular Tribunes
P. Cornelius Rutilus Cossus N. Fabius Ambustus
Cn. Cornelius Cossus L. Valerius Potitus II
405 Consular Tribunes
T. Quinctius Capitolinus Barbatus A. Manlius Vulso Capitolinus
Q. Quinctius Cincinnatus II L. Furius Medullinus II
C. Julius Iulus II M'. Aemilius Mamercinus
404 Consular Tribunes
C. Valerius Potitus Volusus III Cn. Cornelius Cossus II
M'. Sergius Fidenas K. Fabius Ambustus[28]
P. Cornelius Maluginensis Sp. Nautius Rutilus III
403[29] Consular Tribunes
M'. Aemilius Mamercinus II M. Quinctilius Varus
L. Valerius Potitus III L. Julius Iulus
Ap. Claudius Crassus Inregillensis M. Furius Fusus
402 Consular Tribunes
C. Servilius Ahala III Q. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus
Q. Servilius Fidenas A. Manlius Vulso Capitolinus II
L. Verginius Tricostus Esquilinus M'. Sergius Fidenas II
401 Consular Tribunes
L. Valerius Potitus IV Cn. Cornelius Cossus III
M. Furius Camillus K. Fabius Ambustus II
M'. Aemilius Mamercinus III L. Julius Iulus

4th century BC[edit]

(Unless otherwise indicated, the names and dates for this century are taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. New York: American Philological Association, 1951.)

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
400 Consular Tribunes
P. Licinius Calvus Esquilinus P. Maelius Capitolinus
P. Manlius Vulso Sp. Furius Medullinus
L. Titinius Pansa Saccus L. Publilius Philo Vulscus
399 Consular Tribunes
Cn. Genucius Augurinus C. Duillius Longus
L. Atilius Priscus M. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus
M. Pomponius Rufus Volero Publilius Philo
398 Consular Tribunes
L. Valerius Potitus V L. Furius Medullinus III
M. Valerius Lactucinus Maximus Q. Servilius Fidenas II
M. Furius Camillus II Q. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus II
397 Consular Tribunes
L. Julius Iulus II A. Postumius Albinus Regillensis
L. Furius Medullinus IV P. Cornelius Maluginensis
L. Sergius Fidenas A. Manlius Vulso Capitolinus III
396 Consular Tribunes
L. Titinius Pansa Saccus II Q. Manlius Vulso Capitolinus
P. Licinius Calvus Esquilinus II Cn. Genucius Augurinus II
P. Maelius Capitolinus II L. Atilius Priscus II
395 Consular Tribunes
P. Cornelius Cossus L. Furius Medullinus V
P. Cornelius Scipio Q. Servilius Fidenas III
K. Fabius Ambustus III M. Valerius Lactucinus Maximus II
394 Consular Tribunes
M. Furius Camillus III L. Valerius Poplicola
L. Furius Medullinus VI Sp. Postumius Albinus Regillensis
C. Aemilius Mamercinus P. Cornelius II[30]
393 L. Valerius Potitus Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis
suff.[31] L. Lucretius Tricipitinus Flavus Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus
392 L. Valerius Potitus II M. Manlius Capitolinus
391 Consular Tribunes
L. Lucretius Tricipitinus Flavus L. Furius Medullinus VII
Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Agrippa Furius Fusus
L. Aemilius Mamercinus[32] C. Aemilius Mamercinus II
390 Consular Tribunes
Q. Fabius Ambustus Q. Sulpicius Longus
K. Fabius Ambustus IV Q. Servilius Fidenas IV
N. Fabius Ambustus II P. Cornelius Maluginensis IV
389 Consular Tribunes
L. Valerius Poplicola II A. Manlius Capitolinus
L. Verginius Tricostus Esquilinus (II?) L. Aemilius Mamercinus II
P. Cornelius L. Postumius Albinus Regillensis
388 Consular Tribunes
T. Quinctius Cincinnatus Capitolinus Q. Servilius Fidenas V
L. Julius Iulus L. Aquillius Corvus
L. Lucretius Tricipitinus Flavus II Ser. Sulpicius Rufus
387 Consular Tribunes[33]
L. Papirius Cursor Cn. Sergius Fidenas Coxo
L. Aemilius Mamercinus III Licinus Menenius Lanatus
L. Valerius Poplicola III
386 Consular Tribunes
M. Furius Camillus IV Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis
Q. Servilius Fidenas VI L. Quinctius Cincinnatus
L. Horatius Pulvillus P. Valerius Potitus Poplicola
385 Consular Tribunes
A. Manlius Capitolinus II P. Cornelius
T. Quinctius (Cincinnatus?) Capitolinus II L. Papirius Cursor II
L. Quinctius Capitolinus Cn. Sergius Fidenas Coxo II
384 Consular Tribunes
Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis II P. Valerius Potitus Poplicola II
M. Furius Camillus V Ser. Sulpicius Rufus II
C. Papirius Crassus T. Quinctius Cincinnatus Capitolinus III
383 Consular Tribunes
L. Valerius Poplicola IV A. Manlius Capitolinus IV
Ser. Sulpicius Rufus III L. Lucretius Tricipitinus Flavus III
L. Aemilius Mamercinus IV M. Trebonius
382 Consular Tribunes
Sp. Papirius Crassus L. Papirius Mugillanus
Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis III Q. Servilius Fidenas
C. Sulpicius Camerinus L. Aemilius Mamercinus V
381 Consular Tribunes
M. Furius Camillus VI A. Postumius Albinus Regillensis II
L. Postumius Albinus Regillensis II L. Furius Medullinus
L. Lucretius Tricipitinus Flavus IV M. Fabius Ambustus
380 Consular Tribunes[34]
L. Valerius Potitus Poplicola V P. Valerius Potitus Poplicola III
Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis IV Licinus Menenius Lanatus II
C. Sulpicius Peticus L. Aemilius Mamercinus VI
Cn. Sergius Fidenas Coxo III Ti. Papirius Crassus
L. Papirius Mugillanus II
379 Consular Tribunes
P. Manlius Capitolinus Cn. Manlius Vulso
L. Julius Iulus II C. Sextilius
M. Albinius L. Antistius
P. Trebonius[35] C. Erenucius[35]
378 Consular Tribunes
Sp. Furius Medullinus Q. Servillius Fidenas II
Licinus Menenius Lanatus III P. Cloelius Siculus
M. Horatius[36] L. Geganius Macerinus[36]
377 Consular Tribunes
L. Aemilius Mamercinus P. Valerius Potitus Poplicola IV
C. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus Ser. Sulpicius Rufus IV or: Ser. Sulpicius Praetextatus
L. Quinctius Cincinnatus III C. Quinctius Cincinnatus
376 Consular Tribunes
L. Papirius Mugillanus III Licinus Menenius Lanatus IV
Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis V Ser. Sulpicius Praetextatus II
375

371
solitudo magistratuum According to Livy (6.35), the tribunes Gaius Licinius Stolo and Lucius Sextius introduced new laws known as the Lex Licinia Sextia, which provoked strong resistance from the patricians. Licinius Stolo and Sextius resorted to using the tribunican veto to prevent either consuls or consular tribunes to be elected. The actual length of this lack of consuls is controversial, with primary sources stating it was one (Diodorus Siculus), five (Fasti Capitolini), or ten (Livy).[37]
370 Consular Tribunes
A. Manlius Capitolinus V L. Furius Medullinus II
Ser. Sulpicius Praetextatus III Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis VI
P. Valerius Potitus Poplicola V C. Valerius Potitus
369 Consular Tribunes
Q. Servilius Fidenas III C. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus II
A. Cornelius Cossus M. Cornelius Maluginensis
Q. Quinctius Cincinnatus M. Fabius Ambustus II
368 Consular Tribunes
Ser. Cornelius Maluginensis VII Ser. Sulpicius Praetextatus IV
Sp. Servilius Structus T. Quinctius Cincinnatus Capitolinus
L. Papirius Crassus L. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus
367 Consular Tribunes
A. Cornelius Cossus II M. Cornelius Maluginensis II
M. Geganius Macerinus P. Manlius Capitolinus II
L. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus II P. Valerius Potitus Poplicola VI
366 L. Aemilius Mamercinus L. Sextius Sextinus Lateranus (first Plebeian)
365 L. Genucius Aventinensis Q. Servilius Ahala
364 C. Sulpicius Peticus C. Licinius Calvus[38]
363 Cn. Genucius Aventinensis L. Aemilius Mamercinus II
362 Q. Servilius Ahala II L. Genucius Aventinensis II
361 C. Licinius Stolo[38] C. Sulpicius Peticus II
360 M. Fabius Ambustus C. Poetelius Libo Visolus
359 M. Popillius Laenas Cn. Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus
358 C. Fabius Ambustus C. Plautius Proculus
357 C. Marcius Rutilus Cn. Manlius Capitolinus Imperiosus II
356 M. Fabius Ambustus II M. Popillius Laenas II
355 C. Sulpicius Peticus III M. Valerius Poplicola
354 M. Fabius Ambustus III T. Quinctius Poenus Capitolinus Crispinus[39]
353 C. Sulpicius Peticus IV M. Valerius Poplicola II
352 P. Valerius Poplicola C. Marcius Rutilus II
351 C. Sulpicius Peticus V T. Quinctius Pennus Capitolinus Crispinus II
350 M. Popillius Laenas III L. Cornelius Scipio
349 L. Furius Camillus Ap. Claudius Crassus Inregillensis[40]
348 M. Valerius Corvus M. Popillius Laenas IV
347 C. Plautius Venno (or Venox) T. Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus
346 M. Valerius Corvus II C. Poetelius Libo Visolus II
345 M. Fabius Dorsuo Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Rufus
344 C. Marcius Rutilus III T. Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus II
343 M. Valerius Corvus III A. Cornelius Cossus Arvina
342 Q. Servilius Ahala III C. Marcius Rutilus IV
341 C. Plautius Venno (or Venox) II L. Aemilius Mamercinus Privernas
340 T. Manlius Imperiosus Torquatus III P. Decius Mus
339 Ti. Aemilius Mamercinus Q. Publilius Philo
338 L. Furius Camillus C. Maenius
337 C. Sulpicius Longus P. Aelius Paetus
336 L. Papirius Crassus K. Duillius
335 M. Atilius Regulus Calenus M. Valerius Corvus IV
334 Sp. Postumius Albinus Caudinus T. Veturius Calvinus
333 Dictator: P. Cornelius Rufinus[41]
332 Cn. Domitius Calvinus A. Cornelius Cossus Arvina II
331 C. Valerius Potitus M. Claudius Marcellus
330 L. Papirius Crassus II L. Plautius Venno (or Venox)
329 L. Aemilius Mamercinus Privernas II C. Plautius Decianus
328 Plautius P. Cornelius[42]
327 L. Cornelius Lentulus Q. Publilius Philo II
326 C. Poetelius Libo Visolus III L. Papirius Cursor
325 L. Furius Camillus II D. Junius Brutus Scaeva
324 Dictator: L. Papirius Cursor[41]
323 C. Sulpicius Longus II Q. Aulius Cerretanus[43]
322 Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus L. Fulvius Curvus
321 T. Veturius Calvinus II Sp. Postumius Albinus Caudinus II
320 L. Papirius Cursor II Q. Publilius Philo III
319 L. Papirius Cursor III[44] Q. Aulius Cerretanus II
318 M. Folius Flaccinator L. Plautius Venno (or Venox)
317 C. Junius Bubulcus Brutus Q. Aemilius Barbula
316 Sp. Nautius Rutilus M. Popillius Laenas
315 L. Papirius Cursor IV Q. Publilius Philo IV
314 M. Poetelius Libo C. Sulpicius Longus III
313 L. Papirius Cursor V C. Junius Bubulcus Brutus II
312 M. Valerius Maximus Corvus P. Decius Mus
311 C. Junius Bubulcus Brutus III Q. Aemilius Barbula II
310 Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus II C. Marcius Rutilus Censorinus
309 Dictator: L. Papirius Cursor[41]
308 P. Decius Mus II Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus III
307 Ap. Claudius Caecus L. Volumnius Flamma Violens
306 Q. Marcius Tremulus P. Cornelius Arvina
305 L. Postumius Megellus Ti. Minucius Augurinus
suff. M. Fulvius Curvus Paetinus
304 P. Sempronius Sophus P. Sulpicius Saverrio
303 Ser. Cornelius Lentulus L. Genucius Aventinensis
302 M. Livius Denter M. Aemilius Paullus
301 Dictator: M. Valerius Maximus Corvus[41]

3rd century BC[edit]

(Unless otherwise indicated, the names and dates for this century are taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The magistrates of the Roman republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. New York: American Philological Association, 1951.)

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
300 M. Valerius Maximus Corvus V Q. Appuleius Pansa
299 M. Fulvius Paetinus T. Manlius Torquatus
suff. M. Valerius Maximus Corvus VI
298 L. Cornelius Scipio Barbatus Cn. Fulvius Maximus Centumalus
297 Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus IV P. Decius Mus III
296 L. Volumnius Flamma Violens II Ap. Claudius Caecus II
295 Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus V P. Decius Mus IV
294 L. Postumius Megellus II M. Atilius Regulus
293 L. Papirius Cursor Sp. Carvilius Maximus
292 Q. Fabius Maximus Gurges D. Junius Brutus Scaeva
291 L. Postumius Megellus III C. Junius Bubulcus Brutus
290 P. Cornelius Rufinus M'. Curius Dentatus
289 M. Valerius Maximus Corvus II Q. Caedicius Noctua
288 Q. Marcius Tremulus II P. Cornelius Arvina II
287 M. Claudius Marcellus C. Nautius Rutilus
286 M. Valerius Maximus Potitus[45] C. Aelius Paetus
285 C. Claudius Canina M. Aemilius Lepidus
284 C. Servilius Tucca L. Caecilius Metellus Denter
283 P. Cornelius Dolabella Cn. Domitius Calvinus Maximus
282 C. Fabricius Luscinus Q. Aemilius Papus
281 L. Aemilius Barbula Q. Marcius Philippus
280 P. Valerius Laevinus Ti. Coruncanius
279 P. Sulpicius Saverrio P. Decius Mus
278 C. Fabricius Luscinus II Q. Aemilius Papus II
277 P. Cornelius Rufinus II C. Junius Bubulcus Brutus II
276 Q. Fabius Maximus Gurges II C. Genucius Clepsina I
275 M'. Curius Dentatus II L. Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus
274 M'. Curius Dentatus III Ser. Cornelius Merenda
273 C. Fabius Licinus C. Claudius Canina II
272 L. Papirius Cursor II Sp. Carvilius Maximus II
271 K. Quinctius Claudus L. Genucius Clepsina
270 C. Genucius Clepsina II Cn. Cornelius Blasio
269 Q. Ogulnius Gallus C. Fabius Pictor
268 P. Sempronius Sophus Ap. Claudius Russus
267 M. Atilius Regulus L. Julius Libo
266 D. Junius Pera N. Fabius Pictor
265 Q. Fabius Maximus Gurges L. Mamilius Vitulus
264 Ap. Claudius Caudex M. Fulvius Flaccus
263 M'. Valerius Maximus Mesalla M'. Otacilius Crassus
262 L. Postumius Megellus Q. Mamilius Vitulus
261 L. Valerius Flaccus T. Otacilius Crassus
260 Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina C. Duilius
259 L. Cornelius Scipio C. Aquillius Florus
258 A. Atilius Calatinus C. Sulpicius Paterculus
257 C. Atilius Regulus Cn. Cornelius Blasio II
256 L. Manlius Vulso Longus Q. Caedicius
suff. M. Atilius Regulus II
255 Ser. Fulvius Paetinus Nobilior M. Aemilius Paullus
254 Cn. Cornelius Scipio Asina II A. Atilius Calatinus II
253 Cn. Servilius Caepio C. Sempronius Blaesus
252 C. Aurelius Cotta P. Servilius Geminus
251 L. Caecilius Metellus C. Furius Pacilus
250 C. Atilius Regulus II L. Manlius Vulso Longus II
249 P. Claudius Pulcher L. Junius Pullus
248 C. Aurelius Cotta II P. Servilius Geminus II
247 L. Caecilius Metellus II N. Fabius Buteo
246 M'. Otacilius Crassus II M. Fabius Licinus
245 M. Fabius Buteo C. Atilius Bulbus
244 A. Manlius Torquatus Atticus C. Sempronius Blaesus II
243 C. Fundanius Fundulus C. Sulpicius Galus
242 C. Lutatius Catulus A. Postumius Albinus
241 A. Manlius Torquatus Atticus II Q. Lutatius Cerco
240 C. Claudius Centho M. Sempronius Tuditanus
239 C. Mamilius Turrinus Q. Valerius Falto
238 Ti. Sempronius Gracchus P. Valerius Falto
237 L. Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus Q. Fulvius Flaccus
236 P. Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus C. Licinius Varus
235 T. Manlius Torquatus C. Atilius Bulbus II
234 L. Postumius Albinus Sp. Carvilius Maximus Ruga
233 Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus M'. Pomponius Matho
232 M. Aemilius Lepidus M. Publicius Malleolus
231 M. Pomponius Matho C. Papirius Maso
230 M. Aemilius Barbula M. Junius Pera
229 L. Postumius Albinus II Cn. Fulvius Centumalus
228 Sp. Carvilius Maximus Ruga II Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus II
227 P. Valerius Flaccus M. Atilius Regulus
226 M. Valerius Maximus Messalla L. Apustius Fullo
225 L. Aemilius Papus C. Atilius Regulus
224 T. Manlius Torquatus II Q. Fulvius Flaccus II
223 C. Flaminius P. Furius Philus
222 M. Claudius Marcellus Cn. Cornelius Scipio Calvus
221 P. Cornelius Scipio Asina M. Minucius Rufus
220[46] M. Valerius Laevinus Q. Mucius Scaevola
Q. Lutatius Catulus L. Veturius Philo
219 L. Aemilius Paullus M. Livius Salinator
218 P. Cornelius Scipio Ti. Sempronius Longus
217 Cn. Servilius Geminus C. Flaminius II
suff. M. Atilius Regulus II
216 C. Terentius Varro L. Aemilius Paullus II
215 M. Claudius Marcellus II Ti. Sempronius Gracchus
suff. Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus III
214 Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus IV M. Claudius Marcellus III
213 Q. Fabius Maximus Ti. Sempronius Gracchus II
212 Q. Fulvius Flaccus III Ap. Claudius Pulcher
211 Cn. Fulvius Centumalus Maximus P. Sulpicius Galba Maximus
210 M. Claudius Marcellus IV M. Valerius Laevinus
209 Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus V Q. Fulvius Flaccus IV
208 M. Claudius Marcellus V T. Quinctius Crispinus
207 C. Claudius Nero M. Livius Salinator II
206 L. Veturius Philo Q. Caecilius Metellus
205 P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus P. Licinius Crassus Dives
204 M. Cornelius Cethegus P. Sempronius Tuditanus
203 Cn. Servilius Caepio C. Servilius Geminus
202 M. Servilius Pulex Geminus Ti. Claudius Nero
201 Cn. Cornelius Lentulus P. Aelius Paetus

2nd century BC[edit]

(Unless otherwise indicated, the names and dates for this century are taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The magistrates of the Roman republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. New York: American Philological Association, 1951.)

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
200 P. Sulpicius Galba Maximus II C. Aurelius Cotta
199 L. Cornelius Lentulus P. Villius Tappulus
198 Sex. Aelius Paetus Catus T. Quinctius Flamininus
197 C. Cornelius Cethegus Q. Minucius Rufus
196 L. Furius Purpureo M. Claudius Marcellus
195 L. Valerius Flaccus M. Porcius Cato
194 P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus II Ti. Sempronius Longus
193 L. Cornelius Merula Q. Minucius Thermus
192 L. Quinctius Flamininus Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus
191 P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica M'. Acilius Glabrio
190 L. Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus C. Laelius
189 M. Fulvius Nobilior Cn. Manlius Vulso
188 M. Valerius Messalla C. Livius Salinator
187 M. Aemilius Lepidus C. Flaminius
186 Sp. Postumius Albinus Q. Marcius Philippus
185 Ap. Claudius Pulcher M. Sempronius Tuditanus
184 P. Claudius Pulcher L. Porcius Licinus
183 M. Claudius Marcellus Q. Fabius Labeo
182 Cn. Baebius Tamphilus L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus
181 P. Cornelius Cethegus M. Baebius Tamphilus
180 A. Postumius Albinus Luscus C. Calpurnius Piso
suff. Q. Fulvius Flaccus
179 Q. Fulvius Flaccus L. Manlius Acidinus Fulvianus
178 M. Junius Brutus A. Manlius Vulso
177 C. Claudius Pulcher Ti. Sempronius Gracchus
176 Cn. Cornelius Scipio Hispallus Q. Petillius Spurinus
suff. C. Valerius Laevinus
175 P. Mucius Scaevola M. Aemilius Lepidus II
174 Sp. Postumius Albinus Paullulus Q. Mucius Scaevola
173 L. Postumius Albinus M. Popillius Laenas
172 C. Popillius Laenas P. Aelius Ligus
171 P. Licinius Crassus C. Cassius Longinus
170 A. Hostilius Mancinus A. Atilius Serranus
169 Q. Marcius Philippus II Cn. Servilius Caepio
168 L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus II C. Licinius Crassus
167 Q. Aelius Paetus M. Junius Pennus
166 M. Claudius Marcellus C. Sulpicius Galus
165 T. Manlius Torquatus Cn. Octavius
164 A. Manlius Torquatus Q. Cassius Longinus
163 Ti. Sempronius Gracchus II M'. Juventius Thalna
162 P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum C. Marcius Figulus
suff. P. Cornelius Lentulus Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus
161 M. Valerius Messalla C. Fannius Strabo
160 L. Anicius Gallus M. Cornelius Cethegus
159 Cn. Cornelius Dolabella M. Fulvius Nobilior
158 M. Aemilius Lepidus C. Popillius Laenas II
157 Sex. Julius Caesar L. Aurelius Orestes
156 L. Cornelius Lentulus Lupus C. Marcius Figulus II
155 P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum II M. Claudius Marcellus II
154 Q. Opimius L. Postumius Albinus
suff. M'. Acilius Glabrio
153 Q. Fulvius Nobilior T. Annius Luscus
152 M. Claudius Marcellus III L. Valerius Flaccus
151 L. Licinius Lucullus A. Postumius Albinus
150 T. Quinctius Flamininus M'. Acilius Balbus
149 L. Marcius Censorinus M'. Manilius
148 Sp. Postumius Albinus Magnus L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus
147 P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus C. Livius Drusus
146 Cn. Cornelius Lentulus L. Mummius Achaicus
145 Q. Fabius Maximus Aemilianus L. Hostilius Mancinus
144 Ser. Sulpicius Galba L. Aurelius Cotta
143 Ap. Claudius Pulcher Q. Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus
142 L. Caecilius Metellus Calvus Q. Fabius Maximus Servilianus
141 Cn. Servilius Caepio Q. Pompeius
140 C. Laelius Q. Servilius Caepio
139 Cn. Calpurnius Piso M. Popillius Laenas
138 P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio D. Junius Brutus Callaicus
137 M. Aemilius Lepidus Porcina C. Hostilius Mancinus
136 L. Furius Philus Sex. Atilius Serranus
135 Ser. Fulvius Flaccus Q. Calpurnius Piso
134 P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus II C. Fulvius Flaccus
133 P. Mucius Scaevola L. Calpurnius Piso Frugi
132 P. Popillius Laenas P. Rupilius
131 P. Licinius Crassus Dives Mucianus L. Valerius Flaccus
130 L. Cornelius Lentulus M. Perperna
suff. Ap. Claudius Pulcher
129 C. Sempronius Tuditanus M'. Aquillius
128 Cn. Octavius T. Annius Rufus
127 L. Cassius Longinus Ravilla L. Cornelius Cinna
126 M. Aemilius Lepidus L. Aurelius Orestes
125 M. Plautius Hypsaeus M. Fulvius Flaccus
124 C. Cassius Longinus C. Sextius Calvinus
123 Q. Caecilius Metellus Balearicus T. Quinctius Flamininus
122 Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus C. Fannius
121 L. Opimius Q. Fabius Maximus Allobrogicus
120 P. Manilius C. Papirius Carbo
119 L. Caecilius Metellus Dalmaticus L. Aurelius Cotta
118 M. Porcius Cato Q. Marcius Rex
117 L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus Q. Mucius Scaevola Augur
116 C. Licinius Geta Q. Fabius Maximus Eburnus
115 M. Aemilius Scaurus M. Caecilius Metellus
114 M'. Acilius Balbus C. Porcius Cato
113 C. Caecilius Metellus Caprarius Cn. Papirius Carbo
112 M. Livius Drusus L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus
111 P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio L. Calpurnius Bestia
110 M. Minucius Rufus Sp. Postumius Albinus
109 Q. Caecilius Metellus (Numidicus) M. Junius Silanus
108 Ser. Sulpicius Galba M. Aurelius Scaurus
107 L. Cassius Longinus Ravilla C. Marius
106 Q. Servilius Caepio C. Atilius Serranus
105 P. Rutilius Rufus Cn. Mallius Maximus
104 C. Marius II C. Flavius Fimbria
103 C. Marius III L. Aurelius Orestes
102 C. Marius IV Q. Lutatius Catulus
101 C. Marius V M'. Aquillius

1st century BC[edit]

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
100[47] C. Marius VI L. Valerius Flaccus
99 M. Antonius A. Postumius Albinus
98 Q. Caecilius Metellus Nepos T. Didius
97 Cn. Cornelius Lentulus P. Licinius Crassus
96 Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus C. Cassius Longinus
95 L. Licinius Crassus Q. Mucius Scaevola
94 C. Coelius Caldus L. Domitius Ahenobarbus
93 C. Valerius Flaccus M. Herennius
92 C. Claudius Pulcher M. Perperna
91 L. Marcius Philippus Sex. Julius Caesar
90 L. Julius Caesar P. Rutilius Lupus
89 Cn. Pompeius Strabo L. Porcius Cato
88 L. Cornelius Sulla Felix Q. Pompeius Rufus
87 Cn. Octavius L. Cornelius Cinna
suff. L. Cornelius Merula
86 L. Cornelius Cinna II C. Marius VII
suff. L. Valerius Flaccus
85 L. Cornelius Cinna III Cn. Papirius Carbo
84 Cn. Papirius Carbo II L. Cornelius Cinna IV
83 L. Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus C. Norbanus
82 C. Marius Cn. Papirius Carbo III
81 M. Tullius Decula Cn. Cornelius Dolabella
81 Dictator: L. Cornelius Sulla Felix
80[48] L. Cornelius Sulla Felix II Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius
79 P. Servilius Vatia Isauricus Ap. Claudius Pulcher
78 M. Aemilius Lepidus Q. Lutatius Catulus
77 D. Junius Brutus Mam. Aemilius Lepidus Livianus
76 Cn. Octavius C. Scribonius Curio
75 L. Octavius C. Aurelius Cotta
74 L. Licinius Lucullus M. Aurelius Cotta
73 M. Terentius Varro Lucullus C. Cassius Longinus
72 L. Gellius Publicola Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus
71 P. Cornelius Lentulus Sura Cn. Aufidius Orestes
70 Cn. Pompeius Magnus M. Licinius Crassus
69 Q. Hortensius Hortalus Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus
68 L. Caecilius Metellus Q. Marcius Rex
suff. Servilius Vatia[49]
67 C. Calpurnius Piso M'. Acilius Glabrio
66 M'. Aemilius Lepidus L. Volcatius Tullus
65[50]
consules designati P. Cornelius Sulla P. Antonius Paetus
L. Aurelius Cotta L. Manlius Torquatus
64 L. Julius Caesar C. Marcius Figulus
63 M. Tullius Cicero C. Antonius Hibrida
62 D. Junius Silanus L. Licinius Murena
61 M. Pupius Piso Frugi Calpurnianus M. Valerius Messalla Niger
60 Q. Caecilius Metellus Celer L. Afranius
59 C. Julius Caesar M. Calpurnius Bibulus
58 L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus A. Gabinius
57 P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther Q. Caecilius Metellus Nepos
56 Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus L. Marcius Philippus
55 Cn. Pompeius Magnus II M. Licinius Crassus II
54 L. Domitius Ahenobarbus Ap. Claudius Pulcher
53 Cn. Domitius Calvinus M. Valerius Messalla Rufus
52 Cn. Pompeius Magnus III Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio
51 Ser. Sulpicius Rufus M. Claudius Marcellus
50 L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus C. Claudius Marcellus Minor
49 C. Claudius Marcellus Maior L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus
48 C. Julius Caesar II P. Servilius Isauricus
47 Q. Fufius Calenus P. Vatinius
46 C. Julius Caesar III M. Aemilius Lepidus
45 C. Julius Caesar IV without colleague
suff. Q. Fabius Maximus C. Trebonius
suff. C. Caninius Rebilus
44 C. Julius Caesar V M. Antonius
suff. P. Cornelius Dolabella
43 C. Vibius Pansa Caetronianus A. Hirtius
suff. C. Julius Caesar (Octavianus) Q. Pedius
suff. P. Ventidius Bassus C. Carrinas
42 M. Aemilius Lepidus II L. Munatius Plancus
41 L. Antonius Pietas P. Servilius Isauricus II
40 Cn. Domitius Calvinus II C. Asinius Pollio
suff. L. Cornelius Balbus P. Canidius Crassus
39[51] L. Marcius Censorinus C. Calvisius Sabinus
suff. P. Alfenus Varus (after Oct.-Dec.)
suff. C. Cocceius Balbus (Dec.)
38[51] Ap. Claudius Pulcher (Jan.-June) C. Norbanus Flaccus (Jan.-Aug.)
suff. L. Cornelius Lentulus (July-Dec.)
suff. L. Marcius Philippus (Sept.-Dec.)
37 M. Vipsanius Agrippa L. Caninius Gallus
suff. T. Statilius Taurus
36[52] L. Gellius Publicola (Jan.-Aug.) M. Cocceius Nerva (Jan.-June)
suff. Q. Marcius (July-Dec.)
suff. L. Nonius Asprenas (Sept.-Dec.)
35[51] L. Cornificius (Jan.-Aug.) Sex. Pompeius (Jan.-June)
suff. P. Cornelius Dolabella (Sept.-Dec.)
suff. T. Peducaeus (July-Dec.)
34[53] M. Antonius II (1 January only) L. Scribonius Libo (Jan.-June)
suff. L. Sempronius Atratinus (2 Jan.-June)
suff. Paullus Aemilius Lepidus (July-Dec.) C. Memmius (July-Aug.)
suff. M. Herennius Picens (Sept.-Dec.)
33[53] Imp. Caesar Divi f. II (1 Jan. only) L. Volcacius Tullus (Jan.-April)
suff. L. Autronius Paetus (2 Jan.-April)
suff. L. Flavius (May-June or Aug.) C. Fonteius Capito (May-June or Aug.)
suff. M. Acilius Glabrio (July-Aug. or Sept.)
suff. L. Vinicius (Sept.-Dec.)
suff. Q. Laronius (Oct.-Dec.)
32 Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus C. Sosius
suff. L. Cornelius Cinna M. Valerius Messalla
31 M. Antonius III (only in the east) Imp. Caesar Divi f. III
suff. M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus
suff. M. Titius
suff. Cn. Pompeius
30 Imp. Caesar Divi f. IV M. Licinius Crassus
suff. C. Antistius Vetus
suff. M. Tullius Cicero
suff. L. Saenius
29 Imp. Caesar Divi f. V Sex. Appuleius
suff. Potitus Valerius Messalla
28 Imp. Caesar Divi f. VI M. Vipsanius Agrippa II
27 Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus VII M. Vipsanius Agrippa III
26 Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus VIII T. Statilius Taurus II
25 Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus IX M. Junius Silanus
24 Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus X C. Norbanus Flaccus
23[54] Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus XI (Jan.-1 July) Cn. Calpurnius Piso (served the entire year)[55]
suff. L. Sestius Albanianus Quirinalis (1 July-Dec.)
22 M. Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus L. Arruntius[56]
21 M. Lollius Q. Aemilius Lepidus
20 M. Appuleius P. Silius Nerva
19[57] C. Sentius Saturninus (sole consul until some point between 1 Aug. and 12 Oct.)
suff. M. Vinicius (before 12 Oct.-Dec.) Q. Lucretius Vespillo (before 12 Oct.-Dec.)
18 Publius Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus Cn. Cornelius Lentulus
17 C. Furnius C. Junius Silanus
16 L. Domitius Ahenobarbus P. Cornelius Scipio
suff. L. Tarius Rufus
15 M. Livius Drusus Libo L. Calpurnius Piso
14 M. Licinius Crassus Frugi Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Augur
13 Ti. Claudius Nero I P. Quinctilius Varus
12[58] M. Valerius Messalla Appianus (died 6 Mar.) P. Sulpicius Quirinius (Jan.-after 29 Aug.)
suff. C. Valgius Rufus (Mar.-after 29 Aug.)
suff. C. Caninius Rebilus (until died in office) L. Volusius Saturninus (until Dec.)
11 Q. Aelius Tubero Paullus Fabius Maximus
10 Africanus Fabius Maximus Iullus Antonius
9 Nero Claudius Drusus T. Quinctius Crispinus Sulpicianus
8 C. Marcius Censorinus C. Asinius Gallus
7 Ti. Claudius Nero II Cn. Calpurnius Piso
6 D. Laelius Balbus C. Antistius Vetus
5[59] Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus XII (Jan.-after 11 Apr.) L. Cornelius Sulla (Jan.-after 11 Apr.)
suff. Q. Haterius (before 1 July-Dec.) L. Vinicius (until 16 July or 13 Aug.)
suff. C. Sulpicius Galba (until end of year)
4 C. Calvisius Sabinus L. Passienus Rufus
suff. C. Caelius (Rufus?) Galus Sulpicius
3 L. Cornelius Lentulus M. Valerius Messalla Messallinus
2[60] Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus XIII (Jan.-Aug.) M. Plautius Silvanus (Jan.-June)
suff. L. Caninius Gallus (July-Dec.)
suff. C. Fufius Geminus (Sept.-Oct.)
suff. Q. Fabricius (Nov.-Dec.)
1 Cossus Cornelius Lentulus L. Calpurnius Piso
suff. A. Plautius A. Caecina Severus

1st century AD[edit]

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
1 C. Julius Caesar (Jan.-Dec.) L. Aemilius Paullus (Jan.-June)
suff. M. Herennius Picens (July-Dec.)
2 P. Vinicius (Jan.-June) P. Alfenus Varus (Jan.-June)
suff. P. Cornelius Lentulus Scipio (July-Dec.) T. Quinctius Crispinus Valerianus (July-Dec.)
3 L. Aelius Lamia (Jan.-June) M. Servilius (Jan.-June)
suff. P. Silius (July-Dec.) L. Volusius Saturninus (July-Dec.)
4 Sex. Aelius Catus (Jan.-June) C. Sentius Saturninus (Jan.-June)
suff. Cn. Sentius Saturninus (July-Dec.) C. Clodius Licinus (July-Dec.)
5 L. Valerius Messalla Volesus (Jan.-June) Cn. Cornelius Cinna Magnus (Jan.-June)
suff. C. Vibius Postumus (July-Dec.) C. Ateius Capito (July-Dec.)
6 M. Aemilius Lepidus (Jan.-June) L. Arruntius (Jan.-June)
suff. L. Nonius Asprenas (July-Dec.)
7 Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus Silanus[61] (Jan.-Dec.) A. Licinius Nerva Silianus (Jan.-June)
suff. Lucilius Longus (July-Dec.)
8 M. Furius Camillus (Jan.-June) Sex. Nonius Quinctilianus (Jan.-June)
suff. L. Apronius (July-Dec.) A. Vibius Habitus (July-Dec.)
9 C. Poppaeus Sabinus (Jan.-June) Q. Sulpicius Camerinus (Jan.-June)
suff. M. Papius Mutilus (July-Dec.) Q. Poppaeus Secundus (July-Dec.)
10 P. Cornelius Dolabella (Jan.-June) C. Junius Silanus (Jan.-June)
suff. Ser. Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis (July-Dec.) Q. Junius Blaesus (July-Dec.)
11 M'. Aemilius Lepidus (Jan.-June) T. Statilius Taurus (Jan.-Dec.)
suff. L. Cassius Longinus (July-Dec.)
12 Germanicus Julius Caesar C. Fonteius Capito
suff. C. Visellius Varro
13 Gaius Silius L. Munatius Plancus
suff. C. Caecina Largus[62]
14 Sex. Pompeius Sex. Appuleius
15 Drusus Julius Caesar (January -December ) C. Norbanus Flaccus (January -June)
suff. M. Junius Silanus (July–December )
16 Sisenna Statilius Taurus L. Scribonius Libo
suff. C. Vibius Rufus P. Pomponius Graecinus
17 L. Pomponius Flaccus C. Caelius Rufus
suff. C. Vibius Marsus L. Voluseius Proculus
18 Ti. Caesar Augustus III (January ) Germanicus Julius Caesar II (January-April )
suff. L. Seius Tubero (February-July) Livineius Regulus (May–July)
suff. C. Rubellius Blandus (August-December ) M. Vipstanus Gallus (August-December )
19 M. Junius Silanus Torquatus (January-December ) L. Norbanus Balbus (January-April )
suff. P. Petronius (May–December )
20 M. Valerius Messala M. Aurelius Cotta Maximus Messalinus
21 Ti. Caesar Augustus IV Drusus Julius Caesar II
22 D. Haterius Agrippa C. Sulpicius Galba
23 C. Asinius Pollio C. Antistius Vetus
suff. C. Stertinius Maximus
24 Ser. Cornelius Cethegus (January-June) L. Visellius Varro (January-June)
suff. C. Calpurnius Aviola (July–December) P. Cornelius Lentulus Scipio (July–December )
25 Cossus Cornelius Lentulus (January-August ) M. Asinius Agrippa (January-December )
suff. C. Petronius (September-December )
26 Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus C. Calvisius Sabinus
suff. L. Junius Silanus C. Vellaeus Tutor
27 L. Calpurnius Piso M. Licinius Crassus Frugi
suff. P. Cornelius Lentulus C. Sallustius Crispus Passienus I
28 Ap. Junius Silanus P. Silius Nerva
suff. L. Antistius Vetus Q. Junius Blaesus
29 C. Fufius Geminus (January -June) L. Rubellius Geminus (January -June)
suff. A. Plautius (July–December ) L. Nonius Asprenas (July–December )
30 M. Vinicius (January -June) L. Cassius Longinus (January -June)
suff. L. Naevius Surdinus (July–December ) C. Cassius Longinus (July–December )
31 Ti. Caesar Augustus V (January -May 9) L. Aelius Seianus (January -May 9)
suff. Faustus Cornelius Sulla (May 10-September ) Sex. Tedius (or Teidius) Valerius Catullus (May 10-June)
suff. L. Fulcinius Trio (July–December )[63]
suff. P. Memmius Regulus (October -December )[64]
32 Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus (January -December ) L. Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus (January -June)
suff. A. Vitellius (July–December )
33 L. Livius Ocella Ser. Sulpicius Galba (January -June) L. Cornelius Sulla Felix (January -June)
suff. L. Salvius Otho (July–December ) C. Octavius Laenas (July–December )[65]
34 Paullus Fabius Persicus (January -June) L. Vitellius (January -June)
suff. Q. Marcius Barea Soranus (July–December ) T. Rustius Nummius Gallus (July–December )
35 C. Cestius Gallus (January -June) M. Servilius Nonianus (January -June)
suff. D. Valerius Asiaticus (July–December ) A. Gabinius Secundus (July–December )
36 Sex. Papinius Allenius (January -June) Q. Plautius (January -June)
suff. C. Vettius Rufus (July–December ) M. Porcius Cato (July–December )
37 Cn. Acerronius Proculus (January -June) C. Petronius Pontius Nigrinus (January -June)
suff. C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus (July–August ) Ti. Claudius Nero Germanicus (July–August )
suff. A. Caecina Paetus (September –December ) C. Caninius Rebilus (September –December )
38 M. Aquila Julianus (January -June) P. Nonius Asprenas (January -June)
suff. Ser. Asinius Celer (July–December ) Sex. Nonius Quintilianus (July–December )[66]
39 C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus II (only January ) L. Apronius Caesianus (January -?)[67]
suff. Q. Sanquinius Maximus (February -September )[68] Cn. Domitius Corbulo (?-September )[69]
suff. A. Didius Gallus (September -December ) Cn. Domitius Afer (September -December )[70]
40 C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus III without colleague
suff. C. Laecanius Bassus Q. Terentius Culleo
41 C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus IV (1.–13. January ) Cn. Sentius Saturninus
suff. Q. Pomponius Secundus (for Caligula)
suff. Q. Futius Lusius Saturninus (in office on 17 July 41) M. Seius Varanus (in office on 17 July 41)
suff. C. Calpurnius Piso (appointed by Claudius after Caligula's assassination)
42 Ti. Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus II C. Caecina Largus
suff. C. Cestius Gallus II[71]
suff. Cornelius Lupus
43 Ti. Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus III (January –February ) L. Vitellius II (January –February )
suff. Sex. Palpellius Hister (March –July) L. Pedanius Secundus (March –July)
suff. A. Gabinius Secundus (August –September ) Ignotus (August –September )
suff. Q. Curtius Rufus (October –December ) Sp. Oppius (October –December )
44 C. Sallustius Crispus Passienus II (January –February ) T. Statilius Taurus (January –June)
suff. P. Calvisius Sabinus Pomponius Secundus (March –June)
45 M. Vinicius II (January –February ) Titus Statilius Taurus Corvinus (January –June)[72]
suff. Ti. Plautius Silvanus Aelianus (March –?)
suff. M. Antonius Rufus (?–December ) M. Pompeius Silvanus Staberius Flavianus (?–December )[73]
46 D. Valerius Asiaticus II (January –February ) M. Junius Silanus (January –December )
suff. Camerinus Antistius Vetus (March )
suff. Q. Sulpicius Camerinus (March –June)
suff. D. Laelius Balbus (July–August )
suff. C. Terentius Tullius Geminus (September –December )
47 Ti. Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus IV L. Vitellius III
suff. C. Calpetanus Rantius Sedatus (March –April ) M. Hordeonius Flaccus (March –April )
suff. Cn. Hosidius Geta (July–December ) T. Flavius Sabinus (July–August )
suff. L. Vagellius (September –October )
suff. C. Volasenna Severus (November –December )
48 A. Vitellius (January –June) L. Vipstanus Poplicola (January –June)
suff. L. Vitellius (July–December ) Messalla Vipstanus Gallus (July–December )
49 C. Pompeius Longus Gallus Q. Veranius Nepos
suff. L. Mammius Pollio (March –June) Q. Allius Maximus (March –June)
50 C. Antistius Vetus M. Suillius Nerullinus
51 Ti. Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus V Ser. Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus
suff. L. Calventius Vetus C. Carminius (September –October )
suff. T. Flavius Vespasianus (November –December )
52 Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix L. Salvius Otho Titianus
suff. Q. Marcius Barea Soranus (June–August )
suff. L. Salvidienus Rufus Salvianus (November –December )
53 D. Junius Silanus Torquatus (January –June) Q. Haterius Antoninus (January –June)
suff. Q. Caecina Primus (Sept–October ) P. Trebonius (September –December )
suff. P. Calvisius Ruso (October –December )
54 M'. Acilius Aviola[74] M. Asinius Marcellus
55 Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (January – February ) L. Antistius Vetus (January – April )
suff. N. Cestius (March – June) Ignotus
suff. L. Junius Gallio Annaeanus (July – August)[75] T. Cutius Ciltus (July – August)
suff. Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus (November – December ) T. Curtilius Mancia (November – December)
56 Q. Volusius Saturninus P. Cornelius Scipio
suff. L. Annaeus Seneca (July – October)[76] M. Trebellius Maximus (July – August)
suff. P.(?) Palfurius (September – October )
suff. L. Duvius Avitus (November – December ) P. Clodius Thrasea Paetus (November – December )
57 Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus II (whole year?) L. Calpurnius Piso (January –June)
suff. L. Caesius Martialis (July–December )
58 Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus III (January–April ) M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus (January –June)
suff. C. Fonteius Agrippa (May/June)
suff. A. Petronius Lurco (July–December ) A. Paconius Sabinus (July–December )
59 C. Vipstanus Apronianus (January –June) C. Fonteius Capito (January –June)
suff. T. Sextius Africanus (July–December ) M. Ostorius Scapula (July–December )
60 Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus IV Cossus Cornelius Lentulus[77]
suff. G. Velleius Paterculus[78] M. Malilius Vopiscus[79]
61 P. Petronius Turpilianus (January –June?) L. Junius Caesennius Paetus (January –June?)
suff. Cn. Pedanius Fuscus Salinator (July/August ) L. Velleius Paterculus (July/August )
62 P. Marius (January – June) Lucius Afinius Gallus (January – June)
suff. P. Petronius Niger (July/August ) Q. Manlius Ancharius Tarquitius Saturninus (July/August )
suff. Q. Junius Marullus (September –December ) Ignotus (September –November )
suff. T. Clodius Eprius Marcellus (November –December )
63 C. Memmius Regulus (January –June) L. Verginius Rufus (January –June)
64 C. Laecanius Bassus (January –June) M. Licinius Crassus Frugi (January –June)
suff. C. Licinius Mucianus (July–October ) Q. Fabius Barbarus Antonius Macer? (July–October )
65 A. Licinius Nerva Silianus (January –June) M. Julius Vestinus Atticus (January –April )
suff. P. Pasidienus Firmus (May–June)
suff. C. Pomponius Pius (July/August ) C. Anicius Cerialis (July/August )
66 C. Luccius Telesinus (January –June?) C. Suetonius Paullinus (January –June?)
suff. M. Annius Afrinus (July/August ) C. Paccius Africanus (July/August )
suff. M. Arruntius Aquila (September –December ) M. Vettius Bolanus (September –December )
67 L. Julius Rufus Fonteius Capito
suff. L. Aurelius Priscus (March /April ?) Ap. Annius Gallus (March /April ?)
68 Ti. Catius Asconius Silius Italicus P. Galerius Trachalus
suff. Imp. Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus V (April ?–June) without colleague
suff. C. Bellicus Natalis (September –December ) P. Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus (September –December )
69 Ser. Galba Imp. Caesar Augustus II (January ) T. Vinius (Rufinus?) (January )
suff. M. Otho Caesar Augustus (January 22 – February 28) L. Salvius Otho Titianus II (January 22 – February 28)
suff. L. Verginius Rufus II (Mar–April 22) L. Pompeius Vopiscus (March -April 22)
suff. T. Flavius Sabinus(May–June) Cn. Arulenus Caelius Sabinus (May–June)
suff. A. Marius Celsus (July–August ) Cn. Arrius Antoninus (July–August )
suff. Fabius Valens (September -October ) A. Caecina Alienus (September -October )
suff. Rosius Regulus (31 October )
suff. C. Quintius Atticus (November −31 December ) Cn. Caecilius Simplex (November −30 December )
70 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus II T. Caesar Vespasianus
suff. C. Licinius Mucianus II[80] Q. Petillius Cerealis Caesius Rufus[81]
suff. L. Annius Bassus[81] C. Laecanius Bassus Caecina Paetus[81]
71 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus III M. Cocceius Nerva
suff. Caesar Domitianus Cn. Pedius Cascus
suff. C. Calpetanus Rantius Quirinalis Valerius Festus (May–June)[82]
72 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus IV T. Caesar Vespasianus II
suff. Gaius Licinius Mucianus III[79] T. Flavius Sabinus (?II)
73 Caesar Domitianus II L. Valerius Catullus Messallinus
suff. M. Arrecinus Clemens[83]
74 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus V T. Caesar Vespasianus III
suff. Ti. Plautius Silvanus Aelianus II L. Junius Q. Vibius Crispus II
suff. Q. Petillius Cerialis Caesius Rufus II T. Clodius Eprius Marcellus II
suff. Cn. Domitius Tullus[84]
75 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus VI T. Caesar Vespasianus IV
suff. Caesar Domitianus III L. Pasidienus Firmus
76 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus VII T. Caesar Vespasianus V
suff. Caesar Domitianus IV
suff. Galeo Tettienus Petronianus M. Fulvius Gillo
77 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus VIII T. Caesar Vespasianus VI
suff. Caesar Domitianus V Cn. Julius Agricola
suff. Cn. Julius Agricola Ignotus
suff. L. Pompeius Vopiscus C. Arruntius Catellius Celer M. Arruntius Aquila
78 D. Junius Novius Priscus L. Ceionius Commodus
suff. L. Funisulanus Vettonianus[85] Q. Articuleius Paetus[86]
79 Imp. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus IX T. Caesar Vespasianus VII
suff. Caesar Domitianus VI
suff. L. Junius Caesennius Paetus (March –May) P. Calvisius Ruso Julius Frontinus (March –May)[81][87]
suff. T. Rubrius Aelius Nepos[81] M. Arrius Flaccus[81]
80 Imp. T. Caesar Vespasianus Augustus VIII (January 1–14) Caesar Domitianus VII (January 1–14)
suff. L. Aelius Lamia Plautius Aelianus (January 14 – June) A. Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiento II (January 14 – February 11)
suff. Q. Aurelius Pactumeius Fronto (March -May)
suff. C. Marius Marcellus Cluvius Rufus (June-?)
suff. L. Acilius Strabo (Sept–Oct)[88] Sex. Neranius Capito (Sept–Oct)[88]
suff. M. Tittius Frugi (?-December ) T. Vinicius Julianus (T. Vinicius Julius Rufus [88]) (?-December )
81 L. Flavius Silva Nonius Bassus (January -February ) M. Asinius Pollio Verrucosus (January -February )
suff. C. Julius Juvenalis (March -April ) M. Roscius Coelius (March -April )
suff. L. Vettius Paullus (May–June) T. Junius Montanus (May–June)
suff. L. Carminius Lusitanicus (September -October ) M. Petronius Umbrinus (September -October )
82 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus VIII T. Flavius Sabinus
suff. Ignotus Servaeus Innocens
suff. Ignotus L. Salvius Otho Cocceianus
suff. Ignotus (? C. Arinius) Modestus
suff. L. Antonius Saturninus (July-?) P. Valerius Patriunus (July-?)
83 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus IX Q. Petillius Rufus II
suff. L. Tettius Julianus Terentius Strabo Erucius Homullus
suff. M. Cornelius Nigrinus Curiatius Maternus[89]
84 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus X C. Oppius Sabinus
suff. L. Julius Ursus
suff. C. Cornelius Gallicanus (September -?) C. Tullius Capito Pomponians Plotius Firmus (September -?)
suff. Ignotus (Raecius?) Gallus[90]
85 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XI (January -February ) T. Aurelius Fulvus II[91] (January -February )
suff. L. Valerius Catullus Messallinus II Q. Julius Cordinus C. Rutilius Gallicus II[82]
suff. Q. Gavius Atticus L. Aelius Oculatus
suff. P. Herrenius Pollio (July–August ) M. Annius Herrenius Pollio (July.-August )
suff. D. Aburius Bassus (September -October ) Q. Julius Balbus (September -October )
suff. C. Salvius Liberalis Nonius Bassus (November -December ) Cornelius Orestes (November -December )
86 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XII (January ) Ser. Cornelius Dolabella Petronianus (January -April )
suff. C. Secius Campanus (January -February )
suff. Ignotus Q. Vibius Secundus (March -April )
suff. Sex. Octavius Fronto (May–?) Ti. Julius Candidus Marius Celsus (May–?)
suff. A. Bucius Lappius Maximus (September -?) C. Octavius Tidius Tossianus L. Iavolenus Priscus (September -?)
87 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XIII (January ) L. Volusius Saturninus (January -April )
suff. C. Calpurnius Piso Crassus Frugi Licinianus (February -April )
suff. C. Ducenius Proculus (May–August ) C. Bellicius Natalis P. Gavidius Tebanianus (May–August )
suff. C. Cilnius Proculus (September -December ) L. Neratius Priscus (September -December )
88 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XIV (January ) L. Minicius Rufus (January -April )
suff. D. Plotius Grypus (January–April )
suff. Q. Ninnius Hasta (May–August ) L. Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus (May–August )
suff. M'. Otacilius Catulus (September -December ) Sex. Julius Sparsus (September -December )
89 T. Aurelius Fulvus (January -April ) M. Asinius Atratinus (January -April )
suff. P. Sallustius Blaesus (May–August ) M. Peducaeus Saenianus (May–August )
suff. A. Vicirius Proculus (September -December ) M'. Laberius Maximus (September -December )
90 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XV M. Cocceius Nerva II
suff. L. Cornelius Pusio Annius Messala (replaced Domitian)
suff. L. Antistius Rusticus Ser. Julius Servianus
suff. Q. Accaeus Rufus C. Caristanius Fronto
suff. P. Baebius Italicus C. Aquillius Proculus
suff. L. Albius Pullaienus Pollio Cn. Pinarius Aemilius Cicatricula Pompeius Longinus
suff. M. Tullius Cerialis Cn. Pompeius Catullinus
91 M' Acilius Glabrio M. Ulpius Traianus
suff. Cn. Minicius Faustinus P. Valerius Marinus
suff. Q. Valerius Vegetus P. Metilius Sabinus Nepos
92 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XVI Q. Volusius Saturninus
suff. L. Venuleius Montanus Apronianus
suff. L. Stertinius Avitus Ti. Julius Celsus Polemaeanus
suff. C. Julius Silanus Q. Junius Arulenus Rusticus
93 Sex. Pompeius Collega Q. Peducaeus Priscinus
suff. T. Avidius Quietus Sex. Lusianus Proculus
suff. C. Cornelius Rarus Tuccius Cerialis
94 L. Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas (January -April ) T. Sextius Magius Lateranus (January -April )
suff. Marcus Lollius Paulinus Decimus Valerius Asiaticus Saturninus C. Antius A. Julius Quadratus
suff. L. Silius Decianus T. Pomponius Bassus
95 Imp. Caesar Domitianus Augustus XVII (January ) T. Flavius Clemens (January -April )
suff. L. Neratius Marcellus (January -April )
suff. A. Bucius Lappius Maximus II (May–August ) P. Ducenius Verus (May–August )
suff. Q. Pomponius Rufus (September -December ) L. Baebius Tullus (September -December )
96 C. Manlius Valens (January -April ) C. Antistius Vetus (January -April )
suff. Q. Fabius Postuminus (May–August ) T. Prifernius Paetus (May–August )
suff. Ti. Catius Caesius Fronto (September -December ) M. Calpurnius [...]icus (September -December )
97[92] Imp. Nerva Caesar Augustus III (January -February ) L. Verginius Rufus III (January -February )
suff. Cn. Arrius Antoninus II (March -April ) (C.?) Calpurnius Piso (March -April )
suff. M. Annius Verus (May–June) L. Neratius Priscus (May–June)
suff. L. Domitius Apollinaris (July–August ) Sex. Hermentidius Campanus (July–August )
suff. Q. Atilius Agricola (September-October) L. Licinius Sura
suff. P. Cornelius Tacitus (November -December ) M. Ostorius Scapula
98 Imp. Nerva Caesar Augustus IV (to January 12) Imp. Caesar Nerva Traianus II (January -June)
suff. Cn. Domitius Tullus II (January 13 – January 31)
suff. Sex. Julius Frontinus II (February )
suff. L. Julius Ursus II (March )
suff. T. Vestricius Spurinna II (April )
suff. C. Pomponius Pius (May–June)[93]
suff. A. Vicirius Martialis (July–August ) L. Maecius Postumus (July–August )
suff. C. Pomponius Rufus Acilius (Tu?)scus Coelius Sparsus (September -October ) Cn. Pompeius Ferox Licinianus (September -October )
suff. P. Julius Lupus (November -December ) Ignotus
99 A. Cornelius Palma Frontonianus I Q. Sosius Senecio
suff. P. Sulpicius Lucretius Barba Senecio Memmius Afer
suff. Q. Fabius Barbarus Valerius Magnus Julianus A. Caecilius Faustinus
suff. Q. Fulvius Gillo Bittius Proculus M. Ostorius Scapula
suff. Ti. Julius Ferox Ignotus
100 Imp. Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus III (January ) Sex. Julius Frontinus III (January -February )
suff. L. Julius Ursus III (January -February )
suff. M. Marcius Macer (March -April ) C. Cilnius Proculus (March -April )
suff. L. Herennius Saturninus (May–June) T. Pomponius Mamilianus (May–June)
suff. Q. Acutius Nerva (July–August ) L. Fabius Tuscus (July–August )
suff. C. Julius Cornutus Tertullus (September -October ) C. Plinius Caecilius Secundus (September -October )
suff. L. Roscius Aelianus Maecius Celer (November -December ) Ti. Claudius Sacerdos Julianus (November -December )

2nd century[edit]

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
101 Imp. Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus IV (January ) Q. Articuleius Paetus II (January -March )[94]
suff. Sex. Attius Suburanus Aemilianus (February -March )
suff. C. Sertorius Brocchus Q. Servaeus Innocens (April -?) M. Maecius Celer (April -?)
suff. [...]us Proculus
102 L. Julius Ursus Servianus II L. Licinius Sura II
suff. L. Fabius Iustus (March -April )
suff. T. Didius Secundus L. Publilius Celsus (May–?)
suff. L. Antonius Albus (September -?) M. Junius Homullus (September -?)
103 Imp. Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus V (January ) M'. Laberius Maximus II
suff. Q. Glitius Atilius Agricola II (January -?)
suff. P. Metilius Nepos Q. Baebius Macer
suff. M. Flavius Aper C. Trebonius Proculus Mettius Modestus
suff. (A?)nnius Mela P. Calpurnius Macer Caulius Rufus
104 Sex. Attius Suburanus Aemilianus II M. Asinius Marcellus
105 Ti. Julius Candidus Marius Celsus II C. Antius A. Julius Quadratus II
suff. C. Julius Quadratus Bassus (May–August) Cn. Afranius Dexter (May–June)
suff. Q. Caelius Honotatus (July–August )
suff. M. Vitorius Marcellus (September -December ) C. Caecilius Strabo (September -December )
106 L. Ceionius Commodus Sex. Vettulenus Civica Cerialis
suff. L. Minicius Natalis Q. Licinius Silvanus Granianus Quadronius Proculus
107 L. Licinius Sura III Q. Sosius Senecio II
suff. L. Acilius Rufus (March -May)
suff. C. Minicius Fundanus (May–August ) T. Vettennius Severus (May–August )
suff. C. Julius Longinus (September –December ) Q. Valerius Paullinus (September -December )
108 Ap. Annius Trebonius Gallus (January -April ) M. Appius Bradua (January -April )
suff. P. Aelius Hadrianus (May–August ) M. Trebatius Priscus (May–August )
suff. Q. Pompeius Falco (September -December ) M. Titius Lustricus Bruttianus (September -December )
109 A. Cornelius Palma Frontonianus II (January -February ) P. Calvisius Tullus Ruso (January -April )
suff. L. Annius Largus (March -April )
suff. Cn. Antonius Fuscus (May–August ) C. Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappus (May–August )
suff. C. Alburnius Valens (September -December ) C. Julius Proculus (September -December )
110 M. Peducaeus Priscinus Ser. Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus
suff. C. Avidius Nigrinus Ti. Julius Aquila Polemaeanus
suff. L. Catilius Severus Julianus Claudius Reginus (I) C. Erucianus Silo
suff. A. Larcius Priscus Sex. Marcius Honoratus
111 C. Calpurnius Piso M. Vettius Bolanus
suff. T. Avidius Quietus (May–August ) L. Eggius Marullus (May–August )
suff. L. Octavius Crassus (September -December ) P. Coelius Apollinaris (September -December )
112 Imp. Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus VI (January ) T. Sextius Cornelius Africanus (January -?)
suff. M.(?) Licinius Ruso (January -?)
suff. Cn. Pinarius Cornelius Severus L. Mummius Niger Q. Valerius Vegetus
suff. P. Stertinius Quartus T. Julius Maximus Manlianus Brocchus Servilianus
suff. C. Claudius Severus T. Settidius Firmus
113 L. Publilius Celsus II (January -March ) C. Clodius Crispinus (January -April )
suff. Ser. Cornelius Dolabella Metilianus Pompeius Marcellus (April )
suff. L. Stertinius Noricus (May–August ) L. Fadius Rufinus (May–August )
suff. Cn. Cornelius Urbicus (September -December ) T. Sempronius Rufus (September -December )
114 Q. Ninnius Hasta P. Manilius Vopiscus Vicinillianus
suff. C. Clodius Nummus L. Caesennius Sospes
suff. L. Hedius Rufus Lollianus Atitus (September -?) L. Messius Rusticus (September -?)
115 L. Vipstanus Messalla M. Pedo Vergilianus
suff. L. Julius Frugi P. Juventius Celsus T. Aufidius Hoenius Severianus
suff. M. Pompeius Macrinus Neos Theophanes
116 L. Fundanius Lamia Aelianus Sex. Carminius Vetus
suff. Ti. Julius Secundus M. Egnatius Marcellinus
suff. D. Terentius Gentianus L. Cossonius Gallus
suff. L. Statius Aquila C. Julius Alexander Berenicianus
117 Q. Aquilius Niger M. Rebilus Apronianus
suff. Cn. Minicius Faustinus
suff. M. Erucius Clarus Ti. Julius Alexander Julianus
118 Imp. Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus II (January -June) Cn. Pedanius Fuscus Salinator (January -February )
suff. Bellicius Tebanianus (replaced Salinator) (March)
suff. C. Ummidius Quadratus (replaced Tebanianus) (attested May)
suff. L. Pompeius Bassus (attested July/August ) T. Sabinius Barbarus (attested July/August )
119 Imp. Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus III P. Dasumius Rusticus
suff. A. Platorius Nepos (replaced Rusticus)
suff. M. Paccius Silvanus Q. Goredius Gallus Gargilius Antiquus Q. Vibius Gallus
suff. C. Herennius Capella (November -December ) L. Coelius Rufus (November -December )
120 L. Catilius Severus Julianus Claudius Reginus II T. Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus
suff. C. Quinctius Certus Poblicius Marcellus (May–June) T. Rutilius Propinquus (May–June)
suff. C. Carminius Gallus (July-?) C. Atilius Serranus (July-?)
121 M. Annius Verus II Cn. Arrius Augur
suff. M. Herennnius Faustus (March -April ) Q. Pomponius Marcellus (March -April )
suff. T. Pomponius Antistianus Funisulanus Vettonianus (May–?) L. Pomponius Silvanus (May–?)
suff. M. Statorius Secundus L. Sempronius Merula Auspicatus
122 M'. Acilius Aviola L. Corellius Neratius Pansa
suff. Ti. Julius Candidus Capito (July–October ) L. Vitrasius Flamininus (July–October )
suff. C. Trebius Maximus (November -December ) T. Calestrius Tiro Orbius Speratus (November -December )
123 Q. Articuleius Paetinus L. Venuleius Apronianus Octavius Priscus
suff. T. Salvius Rufinus Minicius Opimianus Cn. Sentius Aburnianus
124 M'. Acilius Glabrio C. Bellicius Flaccus Torquatus Tebanianus
suff. A. Larcius Macedo P. Ducenius Verres
suff. C. Julius Gallus (September -?) C. Valerius Severus (September -?)
125 Marcus Lollius Paulinus Decimus Valerius Asiaticus Saturninus II L. Titius Epidius Aquilinus
suff. Q. Vetina Verus[95] P. Lucius Cosconianus
126 M. Annius Verus III (January -February ) C. Eggius Ambibulus
suff. ... Propinquus (replaced Verus) (March -?)
suff. L. Cuspius Camerinus C. Saenius Severus
127 T. Atilius Rufus Titianus (January -March ) M. Gavius Squilla Gallicanus (January -March )
suff. P. Tullius Varro (April ) (D.?) Junius Paetus (April )
suff. Q. Tineius Rufus (May–September ) M. Licinius Celer Nepos (May–September )
suff. L. Aemilius Iuncus (October -December ) Sex. Julius Severus (October -December )
128 L. Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas II (January ) M. Annius Libo (January -March )
suff. L. Caesennius Antoninus (February -March )
suff. M. Junius Mettius Rufus (May–June) Q. Pomponius Maternus (May–June)
suff. L. Valerius Flaccus (July–September ) M. [Junius Homullus ?] (July–September )
suff. A. Egrilius Plarianus (October -December ) Q. Planius Sardus L. Varius Ambibulus (October -December )
129 P. Juventius Celsus T. Aufidius Hoenius Severianus II L. Neratius Marcellus II
suff. Q. Julius Balbus (February -March )
suff. Ti. Julius Julianus Castus
130 Q. Fabius Catullinus M. Flavius Aper
suff. Cassius Agrippa (or "Agrippinus"?) Ti. Claudius Quartinus
131 Sergius Octavius Laenas Pontianus M. Antonius Rufinus
suff. L. Fabius Gallus Q. Fabius Julianus[96]
132 C. Julius Serius Augurinus C. Trebius Sergianus
suff. C. Acilius Priscus A. Cassius Arrianus[96]
133 M. Antonius Hiberus P. Mummius Sisenna
suff. Q. Flavius Tertullus (July-?) Q. Junius Rusticus (July-?)[96]
suff. P. Sufenas Verus Ti. Claudius Atticus Herodes[96]
134 L. Julius Ursus Servianus III T. Vibius Varus
suff. T. Haterus Nepos (in place of Servianus)[96]
suff. P. Licinius Pansa (September -October ) L. Attius Macro (September -October )[96]
135 T. Tutilius Lupercus Pontianus P. Calpurnius Atilianus (Atticus Rufus ?)
suff. M. Aemilius Papus L. Burbuleius Optatus Ligarianus[96]
suff. Q. Lollius Urbicus
suff. P. Rutilius Fabianus Cn. Papirius Aelianus Aemilius Tuscillus[96]
136 L. Ceionius Commodus Sex. Vettulenus Civica Pompeianus
137 L. Aelius Caesar II P. Coelius Balbinus Vibullius Pius
138[97] Kanus Junius Niger (Jan.-Mar.) C. Pomponius Camerinus
suff. M. Vindius Verus (April-June) P. Pactumeius Clemens (in absentia)
suff. P. Cassius Secudus (Oct.-Dec.) P. Delphius Peregrinus Alfius Allenius Maxmius Curtius Valerianus Proculus M. Nonius Mucianus
139 Imp. Caesar T. Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius II (Jan.-Apr.) C. Bruttius Praesens Fulvius Rusticus II
suff. L. Minicius Natalis Quadronius Verus (July-Aug.) L. Claudius Proculus
suff. Ignotus (Sept.-Oct.) C. Julius Scapula
suff. M. Ceccius Iustinus (Nov.-Dec.) C. Julius Bassus
140 Imp. Caesar T. Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius III (Jan.) M. Aurelius Caesar (Jan.-Apr.)
suff. Q. Antonius Isauricus (May) L. Aurelius Flaccus
suff. M. Barbius Aemilianus (Nov.-Dec.) T. Flavius Julianus (Nov.-Dec.)
141 T. Hoenius Severus M. Peducaeus Stologa Priscinus
suff. C. Julius Pisibanus (May) (Larcius?) Lepidus
suff. T. Caesernius Statius Quinctius Statianus Memmius Macrinus Ignotus
suff. L. Annius Fabianus Ignotus
142 L. Cuspius Pactumeius Rufinus (Jan.-Mar.) L. Statius Quadratus
suff. L. Granius Castus (Apr.-June) Ti. Junius Julianus
suff. M. Cornelius Fronto (July-Aug.) C. Laberius Priscus
suff. L. Tusidius Campester (Sept.-Oct.) Q. Cornelius Senecio Annianus
suff. (Sulpicius?) Julianus (Nov.-Dec.) T. Julius Castus
143 C. Bellicius Flaccus Torquatus (Jan.-Mar.) L. Vibullius Hipparchus Ti. Claudius Atticus Herodes
suff. Q. Junius Calamus M. Valerius Junianus
144 L. Hedius Rufus Lollianus Avitus (Jan.-Feb.) T. Statilius Maximus
suff. L. Aemilius Carus (Mar.-June) Q. Egrilius Plarianus
suff. Ignotus (July-Sept.) Q. Laberius Licinianus
suff. L. Marcius Celer M. Calpurnius Longus (Oct.-Dec.) D. Velius Fidus
145 Imp. Caesar T. Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius IV (Jan.-Feb.) M. Aurelius Caesar II
suff. L. Plautius Lamia Silvanus (Mar.-Apr.) L. Poblicola Priscus
suff. Cn. Arrius Cornelius Proculus (May–July) D. Junius (Paetus?)
suff. Q. Mustius Priscus (July-Aug.) M. Pontius Laelianus
suff. L. Petronius Sabinus (Sept.-Oct.) C. Vicrius Rufus
suff. C. Fadius Rufus (Nov.-Dec.) P. Vicrius
146 Sex. Erucius Clarus II (Jan.-Feb.) Cn. Claudius Severus Arabianus (Jan.-Apr.)
suff. Q. Licinius Modestinus (Sex.?) Attius Labeo (Mar.–Apr.)
suff. P. Mummius Sisenna Rutilianus (May–June) T. Prifernius Paetus Rosianus Nonius Agricola C. Labeo Tetius Geminus
suff. Cn. L. Terentius Homullus Iunior (July-Aug.) L. Aurelius Gallus
suff. Q. Voconius Saxa Fidus (Sept.-Oct.) C. Annianus Verus
suff. L. Aemilius Longus (Nov.-Dec.) L. Stertinus Quintillianus Acilius Strabo Q. Cornelius Rusticus Apronius Senecio Proculus
147 C. Prastina Messalinus (Jan.-Mar.) L. Annius Largus
suff. A. Claudius Charax (Apr.-June) Q. Fuficius Cornutus
suff. Cupressenus Gallus (July-Sept.) Q. Cornelius Quadratus
suff. Sex. Cocceius Severianus Honorinus (Oct.-Dec.) Ti. Licinius Cassius Cassianus (Oct.-?)
suff. C. Popilius Carus Pedo (in place of Cassianus)
148 L. Octavius Cornelius P. Salvius Julianus Aemilianus C. Bellicius Calpurnius Torquatus
suff. Satyrius Firmus C. Salvius Capito
suff. L. Coelius Festus P. Orfidius Senecio
suff. C. Fabius Agrippinus M. Antonius Zeno
149 Ser. Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus Q. Pompeius Sosius Priscus
suff. Q. Passienus Licinus (July) C. Julius Avitus
150 M. Gavius Squilla Gallicanus (Jan.-Feb.) Sex. Carminius Vetus
suff. --]mus (May) C. Laberius Priscus
suff. M. Cassius Apollinaris (July) M. Petonius Mamertinus
151 Sex. Quintilius Condianus Sex. Quintilius Valerius Maximus
suff. M. Cominius Secundus (July) L. Attidius Cornelianus
152 M'. Acilius Glabrio Cn. Cornelius Severus (Jan.-Mar.) M. Valerius Homullus
suff. P. Sufenas (Verus?) (April–June) L. Dasumius Tullius Tuscus
suff. C. Novius Priscus (July–Sept.) L. Julius Romulus
suff. P. Cluvius Maximus Paulinus (Oct.-Dec.) M. Servilius Silanus
153 L. Fulvius Rusticus C. Bruttius Praesens A. Junius Rufinus
suff. Sex. Caecilius Maximus[98] (April–June) M. Pontius Sabibus
suff. P. Septimius Aper (July-Sept.) M. Sedatius Severianus Julius Acer Metilius Nepos Rufinus Ti. Rutilianus Censor
suff. C. Cattius Marcellus (Oct.-Dec.) Q. Petiedius Gallus
154 L. Aelius Aurelius Commodus (Jan.-Mar.) T. Sextius Lateranus
suff. (Prifernius?) Paetus (Apr.-June) M. Nonius Macrinus
suff. M. Valerius Etruscus (?)[99] (July-Aug.) L. Aemilius Iuncus (?)[100]
suff. Ti. Claudius Julianus (Sept.-Oct.) Sex. Calpurnius Agricola
suff. C. Julius Statius Severus (Nov.-Dec.) T. Junius Severus
155 C. Julius Severus (Jan.-Mar.) M. Junius Rufinus Sabinianus
suff. C. Aufidius Victorinus (Apr.-June) M. Gavius ...[101]
suff. Antius Pollio (November) Minicius Opimianus[102]
suff. (? D. Rupilius) Severus (December) L. Julius Severus
156 M. Ceionius Silvanus (Jan.-Feb.) C. Serius Augurinus
suff. A. Avillius Urinatius Quadratus (Mar.) Strabo Aemilianus
suff. Q. Canusius Praenestinus (Nov.-Dec.) C. Lusius Sparsus
157 M. Vettulenus Civica Barbarus (Jan.-Feb.) M. Metilius Aquillius Regulus Nepos Volusius Torquatus Fronto
suff. L. Roscius Aelianus (April) Cn. Papirius Aelianus
suff. C. Julius Commodus Orfitianus (July-Sept.) C. Caelius Secundus
suff. Q. Vilius Proculus[103] Q. [...]binus
158 Sextus Sulpicius Tertullus (Jan.-Mar.) Q. Tineius Sacerdos Clemens
suff. M. Servilius Fabianus Maximus (July-Aug.) Q. Iallius Bassius
suff. Q. Pomponius Musa (Sept.-Dec.) L. Cassius Juvenalis
159 Plautius Quintillus (Jan.) M. Statius Priscus Licinius Italicus
suff. M. Pisibanius Lepidus (April) L. Matuccius Fuscinus
suff. Cornelius Dexter (July) Ignotus
suff. A. Curtius Crispinus (Oct.) Ignotus
160 Appius Annius Atilius Bradua (Jan.-Feb.) T. Clodius Vibius Varus
suff. A. Platorius Nepos Calpurnianus (Mar.-Apr.) M. Postumius Festus
suff. (? C. Septimius) Severus (May-June)[104] Flavius
suff. C. Prastina Pacatus (July-Sept.) M. Censorius Paulus[105]
suff. Ti. Oclatius Severus (July-?) (Q.?) Ninnius Hastianus
suff. ... Novius Sabinianus (Dec.)
161 M. Aurelius Caesar III (Jan. 1-13) L. Aelius Aurelius Commodus II
suff. M. Annius Libo (Jan. 13-Feb.) Q. Camurius Numisius Iunior
suff.  ? Julius Geminus Capellianus (Oct.) T. Flavius Boethus
162 Q. Junius Rusticus II L. Titius Plautius Aquilinus
suff. Ti. Claudius Paullinus Ti. Claudius Pompeianus
suff. M. Insteius Bithynicus
163 M. Pontius Laelianus A. Junius Pastor L. Caesennius Sospes
164 M. Pompeius Macrinus P. Juventius Celsus
suff. Ti. Haterius Saturninus Q. Caecilius Avitus
165 M. Gavius Orfitus L. Arrius Pudens
166 Q. Servilius Pudens L. Fufidius Pollio
suff. M. Vibius Liberalis (March -?) P. Martius Verus (March -?)
167 Imp. Caesar L. Aurelius Verus Augustus III M. Ummidius Quadratus
suff. Q. Caecilius Dentilianus (May–?) M. Antonius Pallas (May–?)
suff. (L.?) Sempronius Gracchus
suff. Q. Antistius Adventus Postumius (?)
suff. Ti. Claudius Pompeianus I
168 L. Venuleius Apronianus Octavius Priscus II L. Sergius Paullus II
suff. Q. Tullius Maximus[106]
169 Quintus Pompeius Senecio Sosius Priscus[107] P. Coelius Apollinaris
170 C. Erucius Clarus M. Gavius Cornelius Cethegus
suff. T. Hoenius Severus
171 T. Statilius Severus L. Alfidius Herennianus
172 Ser. Calpurnius Scipio Orfitus Sex. Quintilius Maximus
173 Cn. Claudius Severus II Ti. Claudius Pompeianus II
suff. M'. Acilius Glabrio
174 L. Aurelius Gallus Q. Volusius Flaccus Cornelianus
suff. M. Aemilius Macer Saturninus[108]
175 L. Calpurnius Piso P. Salvius Julianus
suff. P. Helvius Pertinax M. Didius Severus Julianus
176 T. Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio II M. Flavius Aper II
177 L. Aurelius Commodus Caesar M. Peducaeus Plautius Quintillus
178 Ser. Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus D. Velius Rufus (Julianus?)
suff. Ti. Julius Frugi[109]
179 Imp. Caesar L. Aurelius Commodus Augustus II P. Martius Verus II
suff. T. Flavius Claudianus L. Aemilius Iuncus
suff. M'. Acilius Faustinus L. Julius Proculianus
180 L. Fulvius Rusticus C. Bruttius Praesens II Sex. Quintilius Condianus
181 Imp. Caesar L. Aurelius Commodus Augustus III L. Antistius Burrus
182 M. Petronius Sura Mamertinus Q. Tineius Rufus
suff. (?) Aurelianus[110] (L. Attidius?) Cornelianus
183 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus IV C. Aufidius Victorinus II
suff. L. Tutilius Pontianus Gentianus
suff. M. Herennius Secundus M. Egnatius Postumus
suff. T. Pactumeius Magnus L. Septimius Flaccus
184 L. Cossonius Eggius Marullus Cn. Papirius Aelianus
suff. C. Octavius Vindex Cassius Apronianus[111]
185 Triarius Maternus Lascivius Ti. Claudius M. Ap. Atilius Bradua Regillus Atticus
suff. M. Umbrius Primus
186 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus V M'. Acilius Glabrio II
suff. L. Novius Rufus L. Annius ...vus
suff. C. Sabucius Maior Caecilianus Valerius Senecio
187 L. Bruttius Quintius Crispinus L. Roscius Aelianus Paculus
188 L. Seius Fuscianus II M. Servilius Silanus II
189 Dulius Silanus Q. Servilius Silanus
suff. (?) Severus[112]
190 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus VI M. Petronius Sura Septimianus
suff. L. Septimius Severus (May–?) Apuleius (Atulenus?) Rufinus (May–?)
191 Popilius Pedo Apronianus M. Valerius Bradua Mauricus
192 Imp. Caesar L. Aelius Aurelius Commodus Augustus VII P. Helvius Pertinax II
suff. Q. Tineius Sacerdos (March-?) P. Julius Scapula Priscus (March-?)
suff. L. Julius Messala Rutilianus C. Aemilius Severus Cantabrinus
193 Q. Pompeius Sosius Falco C. Julius Erucius Clarus Vibianus
suff. L. Fabius Cilo Septiminus Catinius Acilianus Lepidus Fulcinianus
suff. M. Silius Messala (May–June)
194 Imp. Caesar L. Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus II D. Clodius Septimius Albinus Caesar II
195 P. Julius Scapula Tertullus Priscus Q. Tineius Clemens
196 C. Domitius Dexter II L. Valerius Messalla Thrasea Priscus
197 T. Sextius Magius Lateranus L./C. Cuspius Rufinus
198 P. Martius Sergius Saturninus L. Aurelius Gallus
suff. Q. Anicius Faustus[113]
199 P. Cornelius Anullinus II M. Aufidius Fronto
200 Ti. Claudius Severus Proculus C. Aufidius Victorinus

3rd century[edit]

Year Consul prior Consul posterior
201 L. Annius Fabianus M. Nonius Arrius Mucianus
202 Imp. Caesar L. Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus III Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
suff. T. Murrenius Severus C. Cassius Regallianus
203 C. Fulvius Plautianus II P. Septimius Geta II
204 L. Fabius Cilo Septiminus Catinius Acilianus Lepidus Fulcinianus II M. Annius Flavius Libo
suff. L. Pomponius Liberalis
205 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus II P. Septimius Geta Caesar
206 M. Nummius Umbrius Primus Senecio Albinus L. Fulvius Gavius Numisius Petronius Aemilianus
suff.[114] P. Tullius Marsus (December) M. Caelius Faustinus
207 L. Annius Maximus L. Septimius Severus Aper
208 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus III P. Septimius Geta Caesar II
209 L. Aurelius Commodus Pompeianus Q. Hedius Lollianus Plautius Avitus
210 M'. Acilius Faustinus A. Triarius Rufinus
211 Hedius Lollianus Terentius Gentianus Pomponius Bassus
212 C. Julius Asper II C. Julius Camilius Asper
213 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus IV D. Caelius Calvinus Balbinus II
214 L. Valerius Messalla C. Octavius Appius Suetrius Sabinus
215 Q. Maecius Laetus II M. Munatius Sulla Cerialis
216 P. Catius Sabinus II P. Cornelius Anullinus
217 C. Bruttius Praesens T. Messius Extricatus II
218 Imp. Caesar M. Opellius Severus Macrinus Augustus II M. Oclatinius Adventus II
suff. Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
219 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus II Q. Tineius Sacerdos II
220 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus III P. Valerius Comazon II
221 C. Vettius Gratus Sabinianus M. Flavius Vitellius Seleucus
222 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Antoninus Augustus IV M. Aurelius Severus Alexander Caesar
223 L. Marius Maximus Perpetuus Aurelianus II L. Roscius Aelianus Paculus Salvius Julianus
224 Ap. Claudius Julianus II C. Bruttius Crispinus
225 Ti. Manilius Fuscus II Ser. Calpurnius Domitius Dexter
226 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus II C. Aufidius Marcellus II
227 M. Nummius Senecio Albinus M. Laelius Fulvius Maximus Aemilianus
228 Q. Aiacius Modestus Crescentianus II M. Pomponius Maecius Probus
229 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus III L. Claudius Cassius Dio Cocceianus II
230 L. Virius Agricola Sex. Catius Clementinus Priscillianus
231 L. Ti. Claudius Pompeianus T. Flavius Sallustius Paelignianus
232 L. Virius Lupus Julianus L. Marius Maximus
233 L. Valerius Maximus --- Acilius Priscillianus Cn. Cornelius Paternus
234 M. Clodius Pupienus Maximus II M. Munatius Sulla Urbanus
235 Cn. Claudius Severus Ti. Claudius Quintianus
236 Imp. Caesar C. Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus M. Pupienus Africanus Maximus
237 L. Marius Perpetuus L. Mummius Felix Cornelianus
238 Fulvius Pius Pontius Proculus Pontianus
239 Imp. Caesar M. Antonius Gordianus Augustus M'. Acilius Aviola
240 C. Octavius Appius Suetrius Sabinus II L. Ragonius Venustus
241 Imp. Caesar M. Antonius Gordianus Augustus II Clodius Pompeianus
242 C. Vettius Gratus Atticus Sabinianus C. Asinius Lepidus Praetextatus
243 L. Annius Arrianus C. Cervonius Papus
244 Ti. Pollenius Armenius Peregrinus Fulvius Aemilianus
245 Imp. Caesar M. Julius Philippus Augustus C. Maesius Titianus
246 C. Bruttius Praesens C. Allius Albinus
247 Imp. Caesar M. Julius Philippus Augustus II M. Julius Severus Philippus Caesar
248 Imp. Caesar M. Julius Philippus Augustus III Imp. Caesar M. Julius Severus Philippus Augustus II
249 L. Fulvius Gavius Numisius Aemilianus II L. Naevius Aquilinus
250 Imp. Caesar C. Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Augustus II C. Vettius Gratus
251 Imp. Caesar C. Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Augustus III Q. Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius Caesar
252 Imp. Caesar C. Vibius Trebonianus Gallus Augustus II Imp. Caesar C. Vibius Volusianus Augustus
253 Imp. Caesar C. Vibius Volusianus Augustus II L. Valerius Poplicola Balbinus Maximus
254 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Valerianus Augustus II Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus
255 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Valerianus Augustus III Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus II
256 L. Valerius Maximus --- Acilius Priscillianus II M. Acilius Glabrio
257 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Valerianus Augustus IV Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus III
258 M. Nummius Tuscus Mummius Bassus
259 Aemilianus Pomponius Bassus
260 P. Cornelius Saecularis II C. Junius Donatus II
Imp. Caesar M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus Augustus II (Gaul) Honoratianus (Gaul)[115]
261 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus IV L. Petronius Taurus Volusianus
Imp. Caesar M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus Augustus III (Gaul)
Imp. Caesar Fulvius Macrianus Augustus II (East) Imp. Caesar Fulvius Quietus Augustus (East)
262 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus V L. Mummius Faustianus[116]
263 M. Nummius Albinus II Dexter
264 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus VI Saturninus
265 P. Licinius Valerianus II Lucillus
266 Imp. Caesar P. Licinius Gallienus Augustus VII Sabinillus
267 Ovinius Gaius Julius Aquilius Paternus Arcesilaus
Imp. Caesar M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus Augustus IV (Gaul) M. Piavonius Victorinus I (Gaul)
268 Aspasius Paternus II P. Licinius Egnatius Marinianus
Imp. Caesar M. Cassianius Latinius Postumus Augustus V (Gaul)
269 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Claudius Augustus Paternus
Imp. Caesar M. Piavonius Victorinus II (Gaul) Sanctus (Gaul)
270 Flavius Antiochianus II Virius Orfitus
Imp. Caesar M. Piavonius Victorinus II (Gaul)
271 Imp. Caesar L. Domitius Aurelianus Augustus I Pomponius Bassus II
Imp. Caesar C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus Augustus I (Gaul)
272 T. Flavius Postumius Quietus Junius Veldumnianus
Imp. Caesar C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus Augustus II (Gaul)
273 M. Claudius Tacitus Julius Placidianus
Imp. Caesar C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus Augustus III (Gaul)
274 Imp. Caesar L. Domitius Aurelianus Augustus II Capitolinus
275 Imp. Caesar L. Domitius Aurelianus Augustus III (Aurelius?) Marcellinus[117]
276 Imp. Caesar M. Claudius Tacitus Augustus II (Fulvius?) Aemilianus II
277 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Probus Augustus I Paulinus
278 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Probus Augustus II Virius Lupus II
279 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Probus Augustus III Nonius Paternus II
280 (Lucius Valerius?) Messalla (Vettius?) Gratus
281 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Probus Augustus IV Junius Tiberianus
282 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Probus Augustus V Victorinus
283 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Carus Augustus II Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Carinus Augustus I
284 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Carinus Augustus II Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Numerianus Augustus
suff. Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus I (November -December ) (?) L. Caesonius Ovinius Rufinus Manilius Bassus II (November -December )
285 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Carinus Augustus III (West) Titus Claudius Aurelius Aristobulus
Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus II (East)[118]
286 M. Junius Maximus II Vettius Aquilinus
287 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus III Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus I
288 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus II Pomponius Ianuarianus
suff. ... a ... ivianus[119]
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius II (Britain)
289 M. Magrius Bassus (January -June)[120] L. Ragonius Quintianus (January -June)
suff. M. Umbrius Primus (July-August ) T. Flavius Coelianus (July-August )
suff. Ceionius Proculus (September -October ) Helvius Clemens (September -October )
suff. Flavius Decimus (Nov-December ) ... ninius Maximus (Nov-December )
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius III (Britain)
290 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus IV Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus III
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius IV (Britain)
291 C. Junius Tiberianus II Cassius Dio
292 Afranius Hannibalianus Julius Asclepiodotus
293 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus V Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus IV
294 Flavius Valerius Constantius Caesar I C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Caesar I
295 Nummius Tuscus C. Annius Anullinus
296 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus VI Flavius Valerius Constantius Caesar II
297 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus V C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Caesar II
298 Anicius Faustus II Virius Gallus
299 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus VII Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VI
300 Flavius Valerius Constantius Caesar III C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Caesar III

4th century[edit]

Year First consul Second consul
301 T. Flavius Postumius Titianus II Virius Nepotianus
302 Flavius Valerius Constantius Caesar IV C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Caesar IV
303 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus VIII Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VII
304 Imp. Caesar C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus IX Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VIII
305 Flavius Valerius Constantius Caesar V C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Caesar V
306 Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantius Augustus VI Imp. Caesar C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VI
307 Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus IX (West) Flavius Valerius Constantinus Caesar (West)
Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Severus Augustus (East) Galerius Valerius Maximinus Caesar (East)
Imp. Caesar C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VII (Rome; January -April ) Galerius Valerius Maximinus Caesar (Rome; January -April )
308 C. Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus senior Augustus X Imp. Caesar C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VII
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus (Rome; April -December ) Valerius Romulus I (Rome; April -December )
309 Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus II (Rome) Valerius Romulus II (Rome)
310 Tatius Andronicus Pompeius Probus
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus III (Rome)
311 Imp. Caesar C. Galerius Valerius Maximianus Augustus VIII Imp. Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximinus Augustus II
C. Caeionius Rufius Volusianus (Rome; from September ) Aradius Rufinus (Rome; from Sept)
312 Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus II Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus II
Imp. Caesar M. Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus IV (Rome)
313 Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus III Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus III
Imp. Caesar Galerius Valerius Maximinus Augustus III (Rome, Egypt, inter alios)
314 C. Caeionius Rufius Volusianus II Petronius Annianus
315 Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus IV Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus IV
316 Antonius Caecinius Sabinus Vettius Rufinus
317 Ovinius Gallicanus Caesonius Bassus (from February )
318 Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus V Flavius Julius Crispus Caesar
319 Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus V Valerius Licinianus Licinius Caesar
320 Imp. Caesar Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus VI Flavius Claudius Constantinus Caesar
321 Flavius Julius Crispus Caesar II (West) Flavius Claudius Constantinus Caesar II (West)
Imp. Caesar C. Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus VI (East) Valerius Licinianus Licinius Caesar II (East)
322 Petronius Probianus (West) Amnius Anicius Julianus (West)
Post consulatum Licinii Augusti VI et Licinii Caesaris II (East)
323 Acilius Severus (West) Vettius Rufinus (West)
II post consulatum Licinii Augusti VI et Licinii Caesaris II (East)
324 Flavius Julius Crispus Caesar III Flavius Claudius Constantinus Caesar III
325 Valerius Proculus (to May) Sex. Anicius Paulinus
suff. Julius Julianus
326 Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus VII Flavius Julius Constantius Caesar
327 Flavius Constantius Valerius Maximus
328 Flavius Ianuarinus Vettius Iustus
329 Flavius Valerius Constantinus Augustus VIII Flavius Claudius Constantinus Caesar IV
330 Flavius Gallicanus Aurelius Valerius Tullianus Symmachus
331 Junius Annius Bassus Ablabius
332 Lucius Papius Pacatianus Maecilius Hilarianus
333 Flavius Dalmatius Domitius Zenophilus
334 Flavius Optatus Amnius M'. Caesonius Nicomachus Anicius Paulinus Honorius
335 Julius Constantius Caeionius Rufius Albinus
336 Virius Nepotianus Tettius Facundus
337 Flavius Felicianus Fabius Titianus
338 Flavius Ursus Flavius Polemius
339 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus II Flavius Julius Claudius Constans Augustus
340 Septimius Acindynus L. Aradius Valerius Proculus Populonius
341 Antonius Marcellinus Petronius Probinus
342 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus III Flavius Julius Claudius Constans Augustus II
343 M. Maecius Memmius Furius Baburius Caecilianus Placidus Flavius Romulus
344 Domitius Leontius (West and East) Flavius Bonosus (West; until April/May)
Julius Sallustius (East; all year. West; after April /May)
345 Flavius Amantius M. Nummius Albinus
346 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus IV Flavius Julius Claudius Constans Augustus III
347 Vulcacius Rufinus Flavius Eusebius
348 Flavius Philippus Flavius Salia
349 Ulpius Limenius Fabius Aconius Catullinus Philomathius
350 Flavius Sergius Flavius Nigrinianus
351 Flavius Magnus Magnentius Augustus (West) Gaiso (West)
Post consulatum Sergii et Nigriniani (East)
352 Flavius Magnus Decentius Caesar (West) Paulus (West)
Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus V (East) Flavius Claudius Constantius Caesar I (East)
353 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus VI Flavius Claudius Constantius Caesar II
354 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus VII Flavius Claudius Constantius Caesar III
355 Flavius Arbitio Q. Flavius Maesius Egnatius Lollianus Mavortius
356 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus VIII Flavius Claudius Julianus Caesar
357 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus IX Flavius Claudius Julianus Caesar II
358 Censorius Datianus Neratius Cerealis
359 Flavius Eusebius Flavius Hypatius
360 Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus X Flavius Claudius Julianus Caesar III
361 Flavius Taurus Flavius Florentius
362 Claudius Mamertinus Flavius Nevitta
363 Flavius Claudius Julianus Augustus IV Flavius Sallustius
364 Flavius Iovianus Augustus Varronianus
365 Flavius Valentinianus Augustus Flavius Julius Valens Augustus
366 Flavius Gratianus Dagalaifus
367 Flavius Lupicinus Flavius Iovinus
368 Flavius Valentinianus Augustus II Flavius Julius Valens Augustus II
369 Valentinianus Galates Flavius Victor
370 Flavius Valentinianus Augustus III Flavius Julius Valens Augustus III
371 Flavius Gratianus Augustus II Sex. Claudius Petronius Probus
372 Domitius Modestus Flavius Arinthaeus
373 Flavius Valentinianus Augustus IV Flavius Julius Valens Augustus IV
374 Flavius Gratianus Augustus III Flavius Equitius
375 Post consulatum Gratiani Augusti III et Equiti
376 Flavius Julius Valens Augustus V Flavius Valentinianus Iunior Augustus
377 Flavius Gratianus Augustus IV Flavius Merobaudes
378 Flavius Julius Valens Augustus VI Flavius Valentinianus Iunior Augustus II
379 Decimius Magnus Ausonius Q. Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius
380 Flavius Gratianus Augustus V Flavius Theodosius Augustus
381 Flavius Syagrius Flavius Eucherius
382 Flavius Claudius Antonius Flavius Afranius Syagrius
383 Flavius Merobaudes II Flavius Saturninus
384 Flavius Ricomer Flavius Clearchus
385 Flavius Arcadius Augustus Flavius Bauto
386 Flavius Honorius Flavius Euodius
387 Flavius Valentinianus Iunior Augustus III Eutropius
388 Magnus Maximus Augustus II (West) No colleague
Flavius Theodosius Augustus II (East) Maternus Cynegius (East)
389 Flavius Timasius Flavius Promotus
390 Flavius Valentinianus Iunior Augustus IV Flavius Neoterius
391 Flavius Eutolmius Tatianus Q. Aurelius Symmachus
392 Flavius Arcadius Augustus II Flavius Rufinus
393 Flavius Theodosius Augustus II (West and East) Flavius Eugenius Augustus (West)
Flavius Abundantius (East)
394 Virius Nicomachus Flavianus (West) No colleague
Flavius Arcadius Augustus III (East) Flavius Honorius Augustus II (East)
395 Anicius Hermogenianus Olybrius Anicius Probinus
396 Flavius Arcadius Augustus IV Flavius Honorius Augustus III
397 Flavius Caesarius Nonius Atticus
398 Flavius Honorius Augustus IV Flavius Eutychianus
399 Eutropius Flavius Mallius Theodorus
400 Flavius Stilicho Aurelianus

5th century[edit]

Year East West
401 Flavius Vincentius Flavius Fravitta (Fravitus)
402 Flavius Arcadius Augustus V Flavius Honorius Augustus V
403 Flavius Theodosius Augustus I Flavius Rumoridus
404 Flavius Honorius Augustus VI Aristaenetus
405 Flavius Stilicho II Flavius Anthemius
406 Flavius Arcadius Augustus VI Anicius Petronius Probus
407 Flavius Honorius Augustus VII Flavius Theodosius Augustus II
408 Anicius Auchenius Bassus Flavius Philippus
409 Flavius Honorius Augustus VIII Flavius Theodosius Augustus III
Flavius Claudius Constantinus Augustus (Britannia/Gaul)
410 Varanes (East) Tertullus (Rome)
411 Flavius Theodosius Augustus IV without colleague
412 Flavius Honorius Augustus IX Flavius Theodosius Augustus V
413 Heraclianus Flavius Lucius
414 Flavius Constantius Flavius Constans
415 Flavius Honorius Augustus X Flavius Theodosius Augustus VI
416 Flavius Theodosius Augustus VII Junius Quartus Palladius
417 Flavius Honorius Augustus XI Flavius Constantius II
418 Flavius Honorius Augustus XII Flavius Theodosius Augustus VIII
419 Flavius Monaxius Flavius Plinta
420 Flavius Theodosius Augustus IX Flavius Constantius III
421 Flavius Agricola Flavius Eustathius
422 Flavius Honorius Augustus XIII Flavius Theodosius Augustus X
423 Flavius Avitus Marinianus Flavius Asclepiodotus
424 Flavius Castinus Victor
425 Ioannes Augustus (West)
Flavius Theodosius Augustus XI Placidus Valentinianus Caesar
426 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XII Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus II
427 Flavius Hierius Flavius Ardabur
428 Flavius Felix Flavius Taurus
429 Flavius Florentius Flavius Dionysius
430 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XIII Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus III
431 Anicius Auchenius Bassus Flavius Antiochus
432 Flavius Aetius Flavius Valerius
433 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XIV Petronius Maximus
434 Flavius Ardabur Aspar Flavius Areobindus
435 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XV Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus IV
436 Flavius Anthemius Isidorus Flavius Senator
437 Flavius Aetius II Flavius Sigisvultus
438 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XVI Anicius Acilius Glabrio Faustus
439 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XVII Festus
440 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus V Flavius Anatolius
441 Flavius Taurus Seleucus Cyrus without colleague
442 Flavius Dioscorus Flavius Eudoxius
443 Petronius Maximus II Flavius Paterius
444 Flavius Theodosius Augustus XVIII Caecina Decius Aginatius Albinus
445 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus VI Flavius Nomus
446 Flavius Aetius III Q. Aurelius Symmachus
447 Flavius Calepius Flavius Ardabur iunior
448 Rufius Praetextatus Postumianus Flavius Zeno
449 Flavius Astyrius Flavius Flor(entius?) Romanus Protogenes
450 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus VII Gennadius Avienus
451 Flavius Marcianus Augustus VI Valerius Faltonius Adelfius
452 Flavius Bassus Herculanus Flavius Sporacius
453 Flavius Rufius Opilio Iohannes Vincomalus
454 Flavius Aetius[121] Flavius Studius
455 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus Augustus VIII Procopius Anthemius
456 Eparchius Avitus Augustus (West) without colleague (West)
Iohannes (East) Varanes (East)
457 Flavius Constantinus Flavius Rufus
458 Julius Maiorianus Augustus Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus
459 Flavius Ricimer Flavius Patricius
460 Flavius Magnus Flavius Apollonius
461 Flavius Severinus Flavius Dagalaiphus
462 Flavius Libius Severus Serpentius Augustus[122] Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus II
463 Caecina Decius Basilius Flavius Antoninus Messala Vivianus
464 Flavius Rusticius Anicius Olybrius
465 Flavius Hermenericus Flavius Basiliscus
466 Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus III Tatianus (Gaul)
467 Flavius Pusaeus Flavius Iohannes
468 Procopius Anthemius Augustus II without colleague
469 Flavius Marcianus Flavius Zeno
470 Messius Phoebus Severus Flavius Iordanes
471 Flavius Valerius Novus Leo Augustus IV Caelius Aconius Probianus
472 Rufius Postumius Festus Flavius Marcianus
473 Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus V without colleague
474 Flavius Leo iunior Augustus without colleague
475 Flavius Zeno Augustus II Post consulatum Leonis iunioris Augusti (West)
476 Flavius Basiliscus Augustus II Flavius Armatus
477 Post consulatum Basilisci Augusti II et Armati
478 Illus without colleague
479 Flavius Zeno Augustus III without colleague

5th century -after fall of Western Empire[edit]

Year East West
480 without colleague Caecina Decius Maximus Basilius iunior[123]
481 without colleague Rufius Achilius Maecius Placidus
482 Flavius Appalius Illus Trocundes Severinus iunior
483 Post consulatum Trocundis (East) Anicius Acilius Aginantius Faustus iunior
484 Flavius Theodericus Decius Marius Venantius Basilius
485 Post consulatum Theoderici (East) Q. Aurelius Memmius Symmachus iunior
486 Flavius Longinus Caecina Mavortius Basilius Decius iunior
487 Post consulatum Longini (East) Nar. Manlius Boethius
488 Claudius Julius Ecclesius Dynamius Rufius Achilius Sividius
489 Flavius Eusebius Petronius Probinus
490 Flavius Longinus II Anicius Probus Faustus iunior
491 Flavius Anicius Olybrius Iunior without colleague
492 Flavius Anastasius Augustus Flavius Rufus[124]
493 Flavius Eusebius II Flavius Albinus iunior
494 Flavius Turcius Rufius Apronianus Asterius Flavius Praesidius
495 without colleague Flavius Viator[125]
496 Flavius Paulus Post consulatum Viatoris (West)
497 Flavius Anastasius Augustus II II post consulatum Viatoris (West)
498 Iohannes Scytha Flavius Paulinus
499 Flavius Iohannes qui est Gibbus Post consulatum Paulini (West)
500 Flavius Patricius Flavius Hypatius

6th century[edit]

Year East West
501 Flavius Pompeius Flavius Avienus iunior
502 Flavius Probus Rufius Magnus Faustus Avienus iunior
503 Flavius Dexicrates[126] Flavius Volusianus[126]
504 without colleague Rufius Petronius Nicomachus Cethegus
505 Flavius Sabinianus Flavius Theodorus
506 Flavius Areobindus Dagalaiphus Areobindus Flavius Ennodius Messala
507 Flavius Anastasius Augustus III Venantius iunior
508 Flavius Celer Basilius Venantius iunior
509 without colleague Flavius Inportunus iunior
510 without colleague Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius iunior
511 Flavius Secundinus Felix
512 Flavius Paulus Flavius Moschianus
513 Taurus Clementinus Armonius Clementinus Flavius Probus
514 Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator without colleague
515 Procopius Anthemius Flavius Florentius[126]
516 without colleague Flavius Petrus[126]
517 Flavius Anastasius Paulus Probus Sabinianus Pompeius Anastasius Flavius Agapitus
518 Anastasius Paulus Probus Moschianus Probus Magnus Post consulatum Agapiti (West)
519 Flavius Iustinus Augustus Eutharicus Cillica[127]
520 Flavius Vitalianus Flavius Rusticius[126]
521 Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Flavius Valerius
522 Flavius Symmachus (West) Flavius Boethius (West)
523 without colleague Flavius Anicius Maximus
524 Flavius Iustinus Augustus II Venantius Opilio
525 Flavius Theodorus Philoxenus Soterichus Philoxenus Flavius Probus iunior
526 without colleague Flavius Olybrius iunior
527 without colleague Vettius Agorius Basilius Mavortius
528 Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus II Post consulatum Mavortii (West)
529 without colleague Flavius Decius Iunior;II post consulatum Mavortii (Gaul)
530 Flavius Lampadius[126] Rufius Gennadius Probus Orestes
531 Post consulatum Lampadii et Orestis Post consulatum Lampadii et Orestis
532 II post consulatum Lampadii et Orestis II post consulatum Lampadii et Orestis
533 Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus III III post consulatum Lampadii et Orestis (West)
534 Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus IV Flavius Decius Paulinus iunior
535 Flavius Belisarius Post consulatum Paulini (West)
536 Post consulatum Belisarii II post consulatum Paulini (West)
537 II post consulatum Belisarii III post consulatum Paulini (West)
538 Flavius Marianus Michaelius Gabrielius Archangelius Iohannes[128] IV post consulatum Paulini (West)
539 Flavius Strategius Apion Strategius Apion V post consulatum Paulini (West); Post consulatum Iohannis (West)
540 Flavius Mar. Petrus Theodorus Valentinus Rusticius Boraides Germanus Iustinus VI post consulatum Paulini (West); II post consulatum Iohannis (West);
541 Anicius Faustus Albinus Basilius iunior Post consulatum Iustini (West)

The practice of choosing a Roman consul was abolished in 541[129] and the title was added to imperial titles.

Year Name
542–565 Post consulatum Basilii
566 Flavius Iustinus Augustus
567 Post consulatum Iustini Augusti
568 Flavius Iustinus Augustus II
569–578 II post consulatum Iustini Augusti
579 Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus
580–582 Post consulatum Tiberii Constantini Augusti
583 Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus
584–602 Post consulatum Mauricii Tiberii Augusti

7th century[edit]

Year Name
603 Flavius Phocas Augustus
604–610 Post consulatum Focae Augusti
608 Flavius Heraclius
609–610 Post consulatum Heraclii
611 Flavius Heraclius Augustus II
612–638 II post consulatum Heraclii Augusti
615 Leontius (honorary)
639 Constantinus Heraclius Augustus
640–641 III post consulatum Heraclii Augusti
642 Flavius Constantinus Augustus
643–668 Post consulatum Constantini Augusti
656 Theodosius,[130] Paulus[130]
668 Constantinus Augustus
686 Justinianus Augustus[131][132]
699 Tiberius Augustus

8th century[edit]

Year Name
711 Philippicus Augustus[133]
714 Anastasius Augustus
718 Leo Augustus
742 Constantinus Augustus
776 Leo Augustus
782 Constantinus Augustus

9th century[edit]

Year Name
803 Nicephorus Augustus
814 Leo Augustus
821 Michael Augustus
830 Theophilus Augustus
843 Michael Augustus
867 Basilius Augustus
887 Leo Augustus

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anthony Grafton and Noel Swerdlow, "Technical Chronology and Astrological History in Varro, Censorinus, and Others", Classical Quarterly, N.S. 35 (1985), p. 454-65
  2. ^ Lendering, Jona (2008). "Varronian Chronology". Livius.Org. 
  3. ^ Tacitus, Historiae, 3.37
  4. ^ The evidence for this is collected in Lily Ross Taylor and T. Robert S. Broughton, "The Order of the Two Consuls' Names in the Yearly Lists", Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome, 19 (1949), pp. 3-14
  5. ^ Roger S. Bagnall, et alia, Consuls of the later Roman Empire, Philological Monographs #36 (Atlanta: American Philological Association, 1987), pp. 13-18
  6. ^ The fasti for the Gallic consuls under Postumus are incomplete, with the names of some ordinary consuls known, but not the year they served - see Martindale et al., Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire (1971), p. 1041
  7. ^ These consuls are omitted by Livy, likely due to confusion with the consuls of 506 BC
  8. ^ So Dionysius of Halicarnassus (V.36.1) and others. Livy II.15.1, however, names another pair: P. Lucretius and P. Valerius Poplicola. Alan Samuel explains this difference as Lucretius being an error for Larcius, due to confusion with Poplicola's colleague in 508 and 504 BC. (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology (Muenchen: Beck'sche, 1972), p. 256)
  9. ^ This pair of consuls as well as those of 489 BC are omitted by Livy.
  10. ^ So the Fasti Capitolini; both Livy and Dionysisus of Halicarnassus call him simply C. Servilius. Diodorus Siculus (XI.52.1) names C. Cornelius Lentulus as the colleague of Mamercus (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 256)
  11. ^ Both Livy and Dionysius of Halicarnassus omit all mention of this suffect consul.
  12. ^ Aulus Gellius (17.21.13) names a different pair of consuls for this year: Menenius Agrippa and M. Horatius Pulvillus. B.W. Frier suggests his source may have been the Chronica of Cornelius Nepos, "who is cited three times in this passage". (Frier, "Licinius Macer and the Consules Suffecti of 444 B. C.", Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974-), 105 (1975), p. 84)
  13. ^ So Dionysius of Halicarnassus (IX.37.2) and Fasti Capitolini, which Livy admits is an alternative to the man he names as Mamercus' colleague, Opet. Verginius (II.54.3). Diodorus Siculus (XI.65.1) names L. Stoudios Iulius as Mamercus' colleague. (Samuel, Greek and Roman Chronology, p. 256)
  14. ^ R. M. Ogilvie opens his article on the line containing the consuls for this year with the words "One of the outstanding puzzles of the Capitoline Fasti." ("The Consul of 458 B.C.", Hermes, 89 (1961), pp. 379-382) The Fasti Capitolini adds a suffect consul with the cognomen Carve[tus] or Carve[ntanus] for the suffect of this year; Livy (III.25.1) names only the consuls L. Minucius and C. Nautius for this year, as does Dionysius of Halicarnassus (X.22.1; XI.20.1); Diodorus Siculus XI.88.1 gives L. Minucius the cognomen Karoutianos; the late sources the Chronicle Pascal and the Fasti Hydratus both present the cognomen Atratinus. Based on these contradictory entries, Olgivie notes that it "was the practice of the Annalists to collect together whatever material from whatever sources they could and to combine evidence from the tabulae pontificum, inscriptions, monuments and family tradition" and claims to have found here an example of such an interpolation.
  15. ^ Diodorus Siculus (XII.3.1) instead lists the consuls for this year as L. Quinctius Cincinnatus and M. Fabius Vibulanus
  16. ^ Two different praenomina have been reported for this person: Publius and Servius. If he was P. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus, he would be identical with an officer who fought the Volscians in 446 BC under the consuls Quinctius and Furius; if he was Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus, he would be identical with the consul of 461 BC; in either case, this Decemvir was one of three ambassadors sent to Greece to study their laws. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 46 n. 4, p. 51 and note)
  17. ^ Three different praenomina have been reported for this person: Spurius, Lucius, and Titus. If he was T. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus, he would be identical with the consul of 462 BC; if he was C. Veturius Crassus Cicurinus, he would be identical with the consul of 455 BC. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 46 n. 3
  18. ^ Livy (IV.7.10) adds this pair of consuls, based on Macer's reading of the libri lintei; however they are not mentioned by Diodorus Siculus, and according to Cicero these two consuls became Rome's first pair of censors the following year. As a result modern authorities eliminate the consuls, the consular tribunes, or attempt to fit both into 444 BC. B.W. Frier argues that this textual issue "reflects an important historiographic conflict in the late Roman Republic." (Frier, "Licinius Macer", p. 79; this is the thesis of his article.)
  19. ^ Livy (IV.12.6) records his praenomen as Lucius, while Diodorus Siculus (XII.36.1) gives it as Titus.
  20. ^ Livy (IV.23.1–3) states Julius and Verginius were consuls, based on the testimony of Licinius Macer, while admitting Valerius Antias and Aelius Tubero both report M. Manlius Capitolinus and Q. Sulpicius Camerinus Praetextatus as consuls. Diodorus (XII.53.1) includes Manlius and Sulpicius with Ser. Cornelius Cossus as Consular Tribunes for the year. Broughton: "Of the three possibilities listed ... it seems least likely that the consuls of 435 continued in office this year. The second pair of Consuls are repeated in the other tradition which reported Military Tribunes with consular powers." (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 62 n. 1)
  21. ^ Cicero (De Re Publica 2.60), when referring to the consul of this year, calls him P. Papirius.
  22. ^ Diodorus Siculus (XII.77.1) inserts the pair L. Quinctius Cincinnatus and A. Sempronius Atratinus between the consuls of 428 and 427 BC.
  23. ^ So Diodorus Siculus (XII.82.1), whose reading is favored by Broughton; Livy names this consular tribune Naevius Rutilius, but in another passage (IV.35.6) states all four consular tribunes are Patricians, and in a third passage (IV.44.13) calls him Nautius Rutilus.
  24. ^ So Broughton (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 69) following Degrassi, which is the praenomen Livy (IV.43.1) gives; the Fasti Capitolini has "N." which is a much more common praenomen for the gens Fabii than Gnaeus. This praenomen would also indicate he is identical to the consular tribune of 415 and 407 BC, N. Fabius Vibulanus.
  25. ^ Livy (IV.44.1) calls him L. Quinctius Cincinnatus III; the Fasti Capitolini reads [...] Cincinnatus II which would indicate he was T. Quinctius Pennus Cincinnatus II
  26. ^ So Diodorus Siculus (XIII.7.1); Livy has here Sp. Rutilius Crassus Cicurinus, but none of the Rutilii appear in the Fasti for the next 250 years, and neither do they use the praenomen Spurius nor the cognomen Crassus. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 73 n.1)
  27. ^ So Livy (IV.52.4), following Licinius Macer who attributed this reading to the libri lintei; Fasti derived from the Fasti Capitolini show it was Mugillanus. Olgivie notes that "is the only instance of a Papirius being attributed the cognomen Atratinus which is common among, if not confined to, the Sempronii", and on this basis argues that "the original list of 411 will have been a college of three consular tribunes, Papirius, Sempronius and Nautius". (Olgivie, "Consul of 458 BC", pp. 380f)
  28. ^ Livy (IV.61.4) instead has Gaius Fabius Ambustus, and treats him as a different person than the Consular Tribune of 401, 395 and 390 BC.
  29. ^ Livy adds to this college the two Censors M. Furius Camillus and M. Postumius Albinus Regillensis. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1 p. 82 n. 1)
  30. ^ The Fasti Capitolini is damaged where the cognomen would appear; Broughton suggests three identifications: P. Cornelius Scipio (Consular tribune 395 BC), P. Cornelius Cossos (consular tribune 395 BC) or P. Cornelius Maluginensis (consular tribune 397 BC). (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 90 n. 1)
  31. ^ Livy (5.29.2) omits all reference to Valerius and Cornelius, presenting L. Lucretius Tricipinus Flavus and Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus as the consules ordinaires for the year.
  32. ^ Livy (5.32.1) calls him M. Aemilius Mamercinus, indicating he is a different person than the four-time consular tribune of 389 BC forward.
  33. ^ Diodorus Siculus (XV.24.1) states that there were six consular tribunes this year, but Livy only lists five; Attilio Degrassi suggests either L. Cornelius or A. Manlius for the sixth member of this college; Broughton, based on the evidence of the Fasti Capitolini, suggests A. Manlius Capitolinus. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 100 n. 1)
  34. ^ These are the nine consular tribunes the Fasti Capitolini lists for this year. Livy names only six (omitting C. Sulpicius Peticus, L. Aemilius Mamercinus, and Ti. Papirius Crassus), and Diodorus Siculus eight (omitting L. Papirius Mugillanus). Broughton notes, "Clearly Fast. Cap. has the most seriously interpolated tradition." (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1 p. 106 n. 1)
  35. ^ a b These two consular tribunes are only known from Diodorus Siculus (XV.51.1). Broughton suggests "Erenucius" may be a corruption of "Genucius" or "Minucius". (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 106 n. 1)
  36. ^ a b These two consular tribunes are only known from Livy (6.31.1)
  37. ^ Modern scholarly consensus is that the fasti for the fourth century was discovered to be missing several sets of eponymous magistrates, and explained this gap by stating elections were blocked by these two tribunes. See the discussions of T.J. Cornell, The Beginnings of Rome (London: Routeledge, 1995), pp. 399-402; and Gary Forsythe, A Critical History of Early Rome (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006), pp. 368-70
  38. ^ a b The Fasti Capitolini states C. Licinius Calvus was consul in 364 BC and C. Lincinius Stolo in 361 BC; however Livy reverses these two.
  39. ^ Livy (7.18.10) notes that "in some annals" M. Popillius Laenas appears instead of Quinctius.
  40. ^ Diodorus Siculus (XVI.59.1) reports instead the consuls for this year were M. Aemilius and T. Quinctius.
  41. ^ a b c d The years 333, 324, 309 and 301 BC come from the Fasti Capitolini, but are not evidenced in other authorities, such as Livy, Diodorus Siculus, or Cicero. A. Drummond has persuasively argued that they are the introduction of the antiquarian Titus Pomponius Atticus (whose work is better known as the Varronian Chronology, which was adopted by the Fasti Capitolini) both to fix the synchonization of the Battle of Allia to 390 BC, and to provide precedent for Julius Caesar's use of annual dictatorships. "The Dictator Years", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 27 (1978), pp. 550-572
  42. ^ Broughton admits that the primary sources -- Livy, Diodorus Siculus, and the lists derived from the Fasti Capitolini -- "admit of four different identifications for Plautius and two for Cornelius". Plautius may be C. Plautius Proculus (cos. 358 BC); P. Plautius Proculus, an otherwise unattested son of the consul; C. Plautius Decianus (cos. 329 BC); or C. Plautius Venno/Vennox, a brother of the consul of 330 BC. Likewise, P. Cornelius could be P. Cornelius Scapula or P. Cornelius Scipio Barbatus. (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 145 n. 1)
  43. ^ Livy (8.37.2-3) would prefer Aemilius to Aulius, but notes this form is found in some annals, and describes Aulius as consul iterum in 319 BC.
  44. ^ Livy (9.15.11) notes one source instead names as consul L. Papirius Mugillanus.
  45. ^ So Broughton; Munzer (De Gente Valaria 50, no. 50 and 38, n. 8) identifies this M. Valerius Maximus with M. Valerius Maximus Corvinus, consul in 312 and 289 BC. For the period 289-285 BC the only authorities for this list are late sources such as the "Chronography of 354", Fasti Hydratus and the Pascal Chronicle, which are often corrupt. (Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 186 n. 1)
  46. ^ For some reason Laevinus and Scaevola never entered office, and in their place Catulus and Philo served as consuls. (Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 1, p. 235)
  47. ^ Unless otherwise noted, consuls from 100 BC through 81 BC are taken from Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. New York: American Philological Association, 1951
  48. ^ Unless otherwise noted, consuls from 80 BC through 1 BC are taken from Ronald Syme, The Augustan Aristocracy (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986), pp. 455-458
  49. ^ Metellus died early in 68 BC; Vatia was elected to replace him, but Vatia died before he could enter office and Marcius continued as sole consul. (Dio 36.4.1; Broughton, Magistrates vol. II p. 137)
  50. ^ P. Cornelius Sulla and P. Antonius Paetus were elected consuls, but both were convicted of bribery under the Calpurnian Law. L. Aurelius Cotta and L. Manlius Torquatus were their replacement
  51. ^ a b c Dates of succession for this year is taken from John Bodel, "Chronology and Succession 2: Notes on Some Consular Lists on Stone", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 105 (1995), p. 285
  52. ^ Dates of succession for this year is taken from Bodel, "Chronology and Succession", p. 280
  53. ^ a b Dates of succession for this year is taken from Bodel, "Chronology and Succession", p. 287
  54. ^ Dates of succession for this year is taken from Darryl A. Phillips, "The Conspiracy of Egnatius Rufus and the Election of Suffect Consuls under Augustus", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 46 (1997), pp. 106f
  55. ^ Aulus Terentius Varro Murena was consul designate for 23 BC, but died before taking office – see Swan, Michael (1967). "The Consular Fasti of 23 B.C. and the Conspiracy of Varro Murena". Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. Harvard University Press. 71: 235–247. JSTOR 310766. 
  56. ^ Barrett, Anthony A. (2002). Caligula: The Corruption of Power. Routledge. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-203-13776-5. 
  57. ^ Augustus was apparently intended to be the other consul ordinarius, but never took office. Dates of succession for this year is taken from Phillips, "Conspiracy of Egnatius Rufus", p. 107
  58. ^ Dates of succession for this year is taken from Phillips, "Conspiracy of Egnatius Rufus", p. 107
  59. ^ Dates of succession for this year is taken from Phillips, "Conspiracy of Egnatius Rufus", pp. 107f
  60. ^ Dates of succession for this year is taken from Bodel, "Chronology and Succession", p. 289
  61. ^ Sherk, Robert K. (1984). Rome and the Greek East to the death of Augustus. Cambridge University Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-521-27123-3. 
  62. ^ Diana Gorostidi Pi, "Sui consoli dell’anno 13 d.C.: Nuovi dati dai fasti consulares Tusculani", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 189 (2014), pg 265-275
  63. ^ Hermann Dessau, Prosopographia Imperii Romani Saec I. II. III. (1987) Berlin. p. 91.
  64. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, Editor. [1]
  65. ^ Anthony Richard Birley, The Roman government of Britain (2005), pg. 43
  66. ^ Barrett, Anthony A. (2002). Caligula: The Corruption of Power. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 81. ISBN 058546488X. 
  67. ^ Timothy Venning, John Drinkwater, Chronology of the Roman Empire (2011), pg. 400
  68. ^ Barbara Levick, Claudius (1993), pg. 95
  69. ^ Barrett, Anthony A. (2002). Caligula: The Corruption of Power. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 96–97. ISBN 058546488X. 
  70. ^ Timothy Venning, John Drinkwater, Chronology of the Roman Empire (2011), pg. 401
  71. ^ Rutledge, Steven H. (2001). Imperial inquisitions: prosecutors and informants from Tiberius to Domitian. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 213–214. ISBN 0415237009. 
  72. ^ Suetonius, Donna W. Hurley, Divvs Clavdivs (2001), pg. 112
  73. ^ Sextus Julius Frontinus, Robert Howard Rodgers, De aquaeductu urbis Romae (2004), pg. 279
  74. ^ Venning, Timothy; Drinkwater, John (2011). Chronology of the Roman Empire. London: Continuum. p. 425. ISBN 9781441154781. 
  75. ^ Paul A. Gallivan, "Some Comments on the Fasti for the Reign of Nero", Classical Quarterly, 24 (1974), p. 299
  76. ^ The Senatus Consultum Trebellianum was dated to 25 August in his consulate with M. Trebellius Maximus. Digest 36.1.1
  77. ^ Shotter, David Colin Arthur (2005). Nero. London: Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 020302298X. 
  78. ^ Velleius Paterculus (2011). Yardley, J. C.; Barrett, Anthony A., eds. The Roman History: From Romulus and the Foundation of Rome to the Reign of the Emperor Tiberius. Indianapolis: Hackett. p. xx. ISBN 9781603845915. 
  79. ^ a b Syme, Ronald; Birley, Anthony Richard (1999). The provincial at Rome: and, Rome and the Balkans 80 BC – AD 14. Exeter: University of Exeter Press. p. 120. ISBN 0859896323. 
  80. ^ Wellesley, Kenneth (2003). Year of the Four Emperors. London: Routledge. p. 115. ISBN 0203468996. 
  81. ^ a b c d e f Gallivan, Paul (1981). "The Fasti for A.D. 70–96". Classical Quarterly. 31: 186–220. JSTOR 638472. 
  82. ^ a b Jones, Brian (1993). The Emperor Domitian. London: Routledge. p. 57. ISBN 0203036255. 
  83. ^ Jones, Brian (1993). The Emperor Domitian. London: Routledge. p. 43. ISBN 0203036255. 
  84. ^ Grainger, John D. (2004). Nerva and the Roman Succession Crisis of AD 96–99. London: Routledge. p. 14. ISBN 0203218078. 
  85. ^ Rodgers, R. H. (1982). "Curatores Aquarum". Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. 86: 171–180 [p. 177]. JSTOR 311193. 
  86. ^ Julian Bennett, Trajan: optimus princeps : a life and times (1997), pg. 91
  87. ^ Sherk, Robert K. (1980). "Roman Galatia". Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 1020. ISBN 311008015X. 
  88. ^ a b c Fasti Septempeda, AE 1998, 419
  89. ^ Hall, Linda Jones (2004). Roman Berytus: Beirut in Late Antiquity. London: Routledge. p. 89. ISBN 0203499077. 
  90. ^ Syme, Ronald (1969). "Pliny the Procurator". Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. 73: 201–236 [p. 229]. JSTOR 311156. 
  91. ^ Or Valerius Messallinus; see Ronald Syme, Journal of Roman Studies, 43 (1953), p. 155
  92. ^ Unless otherwise noted, the consuls for this year are taken from Fausto Zevi "I consoli del 97 d. Cr. in due framenti gia' editi dei Fasti Ostienses", Listy filologické / Folia philologica, 96 (1973), pp. 125-137
  93. ^ Syme, Ronald (1983). "Spanish Pomponii". Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua. 1: 254–255. 
  94. ^ This was his second consulship, according to Julian Bennett, Trajan: optimus princeps : a life and times (1997), p. 82
  95. ^ Werner Eck and Andreas Pangerl had previously reconstructed the gentilium of this otherwise unknown person as "Accena", but a more recently discovered military diploma proved this is his correct name. Eck and Pangerl, "Eine Konstitution für das Herr von Moesia Inferior vom 1. Juni 125 in fünf Diplomen", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 188 (2014), pp. 245–249
  96. ^ a b c d e f g h Werner Eck, Paul Holder and Andreas Pangerl, "A Diploma for the Army of Britain in 132 and Hadrian's Return to Rome from the East", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 194 (2010), p. 194
  97. ^ Unless otherwise noted, consuls from 138 to 161 are taken from Werner Eck, "Die Fasti consulares der Regungszeit des Antoninus Pius, eine Bestandsaufnahme seit Géza Alföldys Konsulat und Senatorenstand" in Studia epigraphica in memoriam Géza Alföldy, hg. W. Eck, B. Feher, and P. Kovács (Bonn, 2013), pp. 69-90
  98. ^ Thus Ronald Syme and Alföldy. Fasti ostiensis reads ...]imus; Attilo Degrassi reads "C. Julius Maximus". (Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 76)
  99. ^ Fasti ostiensis reads [...]cus; nevertheless Eck is definite that this is the same person as the legate of Legio III (Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 77)
  100. ^ Fasti ostiensis reads L. [...]; Eck accepts the identification of Alföldy.
  101. ^ Identified by Alföldy as M. Gavius Appalius Maximus. (Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 77 n. 24)
  102. ^ The son of the son of the suffect consul of 123. (Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 77)
  103. ^ Or Q. Virius Larcius Sulpicius, both suggested by Eck. The inscription these suggestions are based on, IGR III 667 reads Q. V[...]SV[...]clus. (Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 79)
  104. ^ Eck suggests that he may be identical to C. Septimus Severus, proconsul of Africa.
  105. ^ Ladislav Vidman, "Ein neuer Konsul des Jahres 160", Listy filologické / Folia philologica, 100 (1977), pp. 199-203
  106. ^ P. A. Holder, Roman Military Diplomas V, 2006, pg. 861
  107. ^ Salway, B. (1994). "What's in a Name? A Survey of Roman Onomastic Practice from c. 700 B.C. to A.D. 700". Journal of Roman Studies. 84: 124–145. JSTOR 300873. 
  108. ^ Paul M. M. Leunissen, Konsuln Und Konsulare in Der Zeit Von Commodus Bis Severus Alexander (1989), p. 449
  109. ^ CIL XVI 188 and H.Nesselhauf, Gnomon 26 (1954), p. 267
  110. ^ Leunissen, Konsuln Und Konsulare, p. 129
  111. ^ David Stone Potter, The Roman Empire at bay, AD 180–395 (2006), pg. 72
  112. ^ Leunissen, Konsuln Und Konsulare, p. 466
  113. ^ Suffectus in absentia. It is uncertain which consul he replaced. (Inge Mennen, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284, p. 86)
  114. ^ This pair is attested in M. M. Roxan, Roman Military Diplomas, 3: 1985-93 (1994), no. 188
  115. ^ Olivier Hekster, Nicholas Zair, Rome and Its Empire, AD 193–284 (2008), pg. 117
  116. ^ PIR² T 31
  117. ^ Bowman, Alan K. The Cambridge Ancient History: The Crisis of Empire, AD. 193–337, pg. 120
  118. ^ Diocletian assumed the ordinary consulship in the east in opposition to Carinus in Rome – see Bagnall, Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (1987), pg. 105
  119. ^ From the Fasti Caleni, as published in Bagnall, Roger S., et al., Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (1987), p. 110
  120. ^ From the Fasti Caleni, as published in Bagnall, Roger S., et al., Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (1987), pp. 112–113
  121. ^ This Aetius was not the general of the Western Empire, but comes domesticorum of the Eastern court. Bagnall, Roger S.; Cameron, Alan; Schwartz, Seth R.; Worp, Klaas A. Consuls of the later Roman Empire. Philological Monographs #36. American Philological Association, 1989, p. 443
  122. ^ The nomen "Flavius" is attested in a surviving papyrus scroll from Egypt, dated 462 Uni-leipzig.de The cognomen "Serpentius" is attested in the 'Chronica Paschale' and by Theophanes Confessor (AM 5955)
  123. ^ "the first consul designated by a barbarian king" according to Bagnall, Roger S.; Cameron, Alan; Schwartz, Seth R.; Worp, Klaas A. (1987). Consuls of the later Roman Empire. Philological Monographs #36. American Philological Association. p. 495. ISBN 1-55540-099-X. 
  124. ^ Both consuls were Easterners – see Bagnall, Roger S.; Cameron, Alan; Schwartz, Seth R.; Worp, Klaas A. (1987). Consuls of the later Roman Empire. Philological Monographs #36. American Philological Association. p. 18. ISBN 1-55540-099-X. 
  125. ^ '[P]resumably a westerner' – Bagnall, Roger S.; Cameron, Alan; Schwartz, Seth R.; Worp, Klaas A. (1987). Consuls of the later Roman Empire. Philological Monographs #36. American Philological Association. p. 524. ISBN 1-55540-099-X. 
  126. ^ a b c d e f Otherwise unknown
  127. ^ a Visigothic prince from Iberia (modern-day Spain) – son-in-law and presumptive heir of the Ostrogoth king Theoderic the Great
  128. ^ Latin-Greek Inscription (AE 2004, 01410)
  129. ^ Vasiliev (1952), p. I 192.
  130. ^ a b Chapman, John. Buehler, Joe, ed. "Catholic Encyclopedia: Maxiums of Constantinople, Saint". Eternal Word Television Network. 
  131. ^ Bede (1999). Halsall, Paul, ed. "Bede (673–734): Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation, Book V: Chapter VII". Medieval Sourcebook. 
  132. ^ Justinian II adopted the title of consul for all the Julian years of his reign, consecutively numbered.
  133. ^ Thompson, Margaret. "The American Excavations in the Athenian Agora: Eighteenth Report (Jul. – Sep., 1940): Some Unpublished Bronze Money of the Early Eighth Century". Hesperia. 9 (3): 358–380. doi:10.2307/146483. 

Further reading[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

  • Baiterus, Georgius (1837). "Consulares Triumphalesque Romanorum ad Fidem Optimorum Auctorum". In von Orelli, Johann Caspar. M. Tullii Ciceronis opera quae supersunt omnia, ac deperditorum (in Latin). Volume 12. Turici: Typis Orelli, Fuesslini et Sociorum. 
  • B. Bargaglia and C. Grosso, I Fasti Ostienses, Itinerari Ostiensi 8 (1997).
  • Attilio Degrassi. Fasti Capitolini. n.p.: G. B. Paravia, 1954
  • Mommsen, Theodor; Pearse, Roger, eds. (2006) [1892]. "Part 8: List (fasti) of the consuls to 354 AD". Chronography of 354. The Tertullian Project. 
  • Ladislav Vidman (ed.), Fasti ostienses. First edition: Praha: Československá Akademie Věd, 1957. Second edition: Praha: Academia, 1982
  • Richard W. Burgess, "'NON DUO ANTONINI SED DUO AUGUSTI' The Consuls of 161 and the Origins and Traditions of the Latin Consular Fasti of the Roman Empire", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 132 (2000), pp. 259–290

Secondary sources[edit]

  • Alföldy, Géza (1977). Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter den Antoninen (in German). Bonn: Habelt Verlag. 
  • Bagnall, Roger S.; Cameron, Alan; Schwartz, Seth R.; Worp, Klaas A. (1987). Consuls of the later Roman Empire. Philological Monographs #36. American Philological Association. ISBN 1-55540-099-X. 
  • Broughton, Thomas Robert Shannon; Patterson, Marcia L. (Collaborator). The magistrates of the Roman republic. Philological Monograph No. 15. American Philological Association. ISBN 0-89130-811-3. 
  • Camodeca, Giuseppe (1986). "I consoli des 55–56 e un nuovo collega di seneca nel consolato: P. Cornelius Dolabella (TP.75 [=1401 +135)*". Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (in Italian). 63: 201–215. 
  • Camodeca, Giuseppe (1991). "Epigrafia. Actes du Colloque international d'epigraphie latine en mémoire de Attilio Degrassi etc.". Collection de l’ecole française de Rome 143 (in Italian). Rome: 45–74.  |contribution= ignored (help)
  • Degrassi, Attilio (1952). I fasti consolari dell'impero romano dal 30 avanti Cristo al 613 dopo Cristo (in Italian). Roma. 
  • Eck, Werner (1970). Senatoren von Vespasian bis Hadrian (in German). München: Beck. 
  • Eck, Werner (1975). "Ergänzungen zu den Fasti Consulares des 1. und 2. Jh.n.Chr.". Historia (in German). 24: 324–344. 
  • Gallivan, Paul A. (1974). "Some Comments on the Fasti for the Reign of Nero". Classical Quarterly. New Series. 24 (2): 290–311. doi:10.1017/S0009838800032821. 
  • Gallivan, Paul A. (1978). "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius". Classical Quarterly. 28 (2): 407–426. doi:10.1017/S0009838800034959. 
  • Ginsburg, Judith R. (1981). "Nero's Consular Policy". American Journal of Ancient History. 6 (1): 51–68. 
  • Leunissen, Paul (1989). Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit von Commodus bis Severus Alexander (in German). Amsterdam: Verlag Gieben. 
  • Mennen, Inge (2011). Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193–284. BRILL. 
  • Smith, William; Anthon, Charles, eds. (1886). "Fasti Consulares". A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities (Third American Carefully Revised ed.). New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers. pp. 1075–1092. 
  • Tortoriello, Annalisa (2004). I fasti consolari degli anni di Claudio (in Italian). Roma: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. 

External links[edit]