List of Roman place names in Britain

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Roman Britain. Map from 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

A partial list of Roman place names in Great Britain.

This list includes only names documented from Roman times. For a more complete list including later Latin names, see List of Latin place names in Britain.

The early sources for Roman names show numerous variants and misspellings of the Latin names. Moreover, one of the principal authorities, Ptolemy, wrote in Greek so names that he records need to be transliterated back into Latin to reveal the original form.

Note that in general only one source is shown below for each name, although many of the names are recorded in more than one of the sources.


Geographic regions[edit]

Roman name Modern region Appearance
Britannia Great Britain T
Hibernia Ireland  
Caledonia Scotland  

Political divisions[edit]

Roman name English translation Modern approximation Period Appearance
Provincia Britannia Province of Britain England and Wales - included the Scottish Lowlands intermittently
Caledonia Land of Caledonians Originally just an area of the Scottish Highlands, but later came to refer to most of modern Scotland T
Britannia Superior Upper Britain Southern England and Wales 197 - 293
Britannia Inferior Lower Britain Northern England 197 - 293
Britannia Prima First Britain Possibly Wales and the West Country 296 -
Britannia Secunda Second Britain Possibly Northern England 296 -
Flavia Caesariensis Caesarian province of Flavius English Midlands and East Anglia 296 -
Maxima Caesariensis Caesarian province of Maximus South East England 296 -
Valentia Land of Valens Possibly Scottish Lowlands or Wales Possibly 5th century

Settlement names[edit]

Roman name Modern name Appearances
Ad Pontes Staines-upon-Thames
Alaunodunum Maidenhead
Anovious Brough-on-Noe, Hope Valley, Derbyshire
Aquae Arnemetiae Buxton, Derbyshire
Aquae Sulis Bath
Ardotalia Gamesley, Glossop, Derbyshire
Bannavem Taburniae unknown SP
Bannaventa Norton, near Daventry, Northamptonshire AI
Belgic oppidum Braintree, Essex
Caesaromagus Chelmsford, Essex AI
Calcaria Tadcaster, North Yorkshire AI
Calleva Atrebatum Silchester AI
Camulodunum Colchester, Essex RC
Caromago Cramond, Edinburgh RC
Clausentum Bitterne, Hampshire
Clotagenium Old Kilpatrick, Glasgow RC
Concangis Chester-le-Street, County Durham
Condate Northwich, Cheshire AI
Corinium Dobunnorum Cirencester
Coria Corbridge
Curia Traprain Law P
Danum Doncaster
Deva Victrix Chester
Dubris Dover, England AI
Durnovaria Dorchester
Durocobrivis Dunstable AI
Durocornovium Swindon
Durolipons Cambridge
Durolitum Little London, Essex AI
Durovernum Cantiacorum Canterbury AI
Durovigutum Godmanchester
Eboracum York P, AI
Evidensca East Lothian RC
Garrianonum Burgh Castle
Glevum Colonia Gloucester
Hortonium Halifax
Isca Dumnoniorum Exeter AI
Isca Augusta Caerleon
Lactodorum Towcester
Lagentium Castleford
Leodis Leeds
Letocetum Wall
Lindinis Ilchester
Lindum Colonia Lincoln
Londinium London P, AI
Luentinum Pumsaint/Dolaucothi P
Luguvalium Carlisle
Maromago Midlothian RC
Mamucium Manchester AI
Mediolanum Whitchurch AI
Mediolanum (central Powys, possibly Meifod) P
Metchley near Birmingham
Moridunum Carmarthen P
Navio See Anavio
Noviomagus Reginorum Chichester
Noviomagus Cantiacorum unknown AI
Olicana Ilkley Ptolemy
Othona Bradwell-on-Sea
Pons Aelius Newcastle upon Tyne
Portus Felix Filey
Portus Lemanis Lympne AI
Praetorium unknown AI
Ratae Corieltauvorum Leicester
Regulbium Reculver
Rutupiae Richborough
Salinae Middlewich
Segontium Caernarfon
Sulloniacae unknown AI
Trimontium Newstead P
Vagniacae Springhead
Vectis Isle of Wight
Venta Belgarum Winchester AI
Venta Silurum Caerwent
Verulamium St Albans T
Vinovia Binchester P
Viroconium Cornoviorum Wroxeter
Vindolanda Chesterholme

See also[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

  1. AI: The Antonine Itinerary
  2. P: Ptolemy's Geography
  3. RC: The Ravenna Cosmography
  4. T: Tacitus's On the Life and Character of Julius Agricola.
  5. SP: Confession of St. Patrick


  1. A.L.F. Rivet and Colin Smith, The place-names of Roman Britain. London, 1979 (reprinted by Book Club Associates, 1981).

External links[edit]