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List of Romantic composers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Romantic era of Western Classical music spanned the 19th century to the early 20th century, encompassing a variety of musical styles and techniques. Part of the broader Romanticism movement of Europe, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert are often seen as the dominant transitional figures composers from the preceding Classical era. Many composers began to channel nationalistic themes, such as Mikhail Glinka, The Five and Belyayev circle in Russia; Frédéric Chopin in Poland; Carl Maria von Weber and Heinrich Marschner in Germany; Edvard Grieg in Norway; Jean Sibelius in Finland; Giuseppe Verdi in Italy; Carl Nielsen in Denmark; Pablo de Sarasate in Spain; Ralph Vaughan Williams and Edward Elgar in England; Mykola Lysenko in Ukraine; and Bedřich Smetana and Antonín Dvořák in what is now the Czech Republic.

A European-wide debate took place, particularly in Germany, on what the ideal course of music was, following Beethoven's death. The New German School—primarily Franz Liszt and Richard Wagner—promoted progressive ideas, in opposition to more conservative composers such as Felix Mendelssohn and Robert Schumann.

Note that this list is purely chronological, and includes a substantial number of composers, especially those born after 1860, whose works cannot be conveniently classified as "Romantic", or those whose early compositions did begin in the Romantic style but later developed beyond it in the 20th century.

Late Classical/Proto-Romantic (born 1770–1799)[edit]

Name Date born Date died Nationality Comments
Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 1827 German
Ludwig van Beethoven
composer and pianist, regarded by many as the first Romantic-era composer, most famous for Symphony No. 5 and Für Elise among others
Ferdinando Carulli 1770 1841 Italian
Ferdinando Carulli
composer for the guitar, wrote concertos and chamber music
Édouard Du Puy 1770 1822 Swiss
Édouard Du Puy
composer, singer, director and violinist
Peter Hänsel 1770 1831 German-Austrian
Peter Hänsel
composer and violinist
James Hewitt 1770 1827 American composer, conductor and music publisher
Anton Reicha 1770 1836 Czech-French
Anton Reicha
composer who experimented with irregular time signatures in his keyboard fugues, composed a large number of significant works for wind quintet
Christian Heinrich Rinck 1770 1846 German
Christian Heinrich Rinck
composer and organist
Jan August Vitásek 1770 1839 Bohemian composer
Friedrich Witt 1770 1836 German composer and cellist
Johann Baptist Cramer 1771 1858 English
Johann Baptist Cramer
musician of German origin
Ferdinando Paer 1771 1839 Italian
Ferdinando Paer
Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia 1772 1806 German
Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia
member of the Prussian royal family, soldier, and composer. At the time of his premature death in the Battle of Saalfeld, he left behind 13 published works, many of which are imbued with a greater expressive depth than the Classical style which was then still prevalent.
Maria Frances Parke 1772 1822 English composer, pianist and soprano
François-Louis Perne 1772 1832 French composer and musicographer
Josef Triebensee 1772 1846 Bohemian composer and oboist
Johann Wilhelm Wilms 1772 1847 Dutch-German composer, best known for writing Wien Neêrlands Bloed, which served as the Dutch national anthem from 1815 to 1932
Sophie Bawr 1773 1860 French composer, writer and playwright
Pietro Generali 1773 1832 Italian composer of operas and vocal music
Wenzel Thomas Matiegka 1773 1830 Czech composer
Bartolomeo Bortolazzi 1773 1820 Italian mandolin and guitar virtuoso and composer
Pierre Rode 1774 1830 French
Pierre Rode
composer and violinist
Gaspare Spontini 1774 1851 Italian
Gaspare Spontini
opera composer and conductor, famous for La vestale
Václav Tomášek 1774 1850 Czech
Václav Tomášek
composer and music teacher
Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse 1774 1842 Danish
Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse
composer in the Danish Golden Age
Johann Anton André 1775 1842 German
Johann Anton André
composer and music publisher
François-Adrien Boieldieu 1775 1834 French
François-Adrien Boieldieu
João Domingos Bomtempo 1775 1842 Portuguese
João Domingos Bomtempo
composer, pianist and pedagogue
Bernhard Crusell 1775 1838 Finnish
Bernhard Crusell
composer and clarinet player
Sophia Dussek 1775 1831 Scottish composer of Italian descent, singer, pianist and harpist
François de Fossa 1775 1849 French composer and guitarist
Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann 1776 1822 German composer, author of fantasy and horror, jurist, music critic, draftsman and caricaturist
Joseph Küffner 1776 1856 German composer and musician
Philipp Jakob Riotte 1776 1856 German composer
Ignaz von Seyfried 1776 1841 Austrian composer, musician and conductor
Ludwig Berger 1777 1839 German composer, pianist and piano teacher
Pauline Duchambge 1778 1858 French composer and pianist
Johann Nepomuk Hummel 1778 1837 Austrian
Johann Nepomuk Hummel
composer and pianist, his music bridged the Classical era of music and Romantic era of music
Sigismund von Neukomm 1778 1858 Austrian composer and pianist
Fernando Sor 1778 1839 Spanish
Fernando Sor
composer for the classical guitar who is credited with elevating the guitar to the level of concert instrument
Rochus Dedler 1779 1822 German composer
William Knyvett 1779 1856 British composer and singer
Louise Reichardt 1779 1826 German composer and songwriter
Luigi Antonio Calegari 1780 1849 Italian opera composer
Conradin Kreutzer 1780 1849 German composer and conductor
Louis François Dauprat 1781 1868 French composer, horn player and music professor at the Conservatoire de Paris
Anton Diabelli 1781 1858 Austrian
Anton Diabelli
composer, music publisher and editor
Mauro Giuliani 1781 1828 Italian
Mauro Giuliani
composer and virtuoso guitarist
Anthony Heinrich 1781 1861 American composer
Sophie Lebrun 1781 1863 German composer and pianist
François-Joseph Naderman 1781 1835 French
François-Joseph Naderman
composer, harpist and teacher
Daniel Auber 1782 1871 French opera composer, noted for La muette de Portici
Carlo Coccia 1782 1873 Italian opera composer
John Field 1782 1837 Irish
John Field
composer and pianist, notable for cultivating the nocturne
Niccolò Paganini 1782 1840 Italian
Niccolò Paganini
composer and virtuoso violinist, wrote the 24 Caprices for violin, five concerti for violin, string quartets and works for violin and guitar
Charlotta Seuerling 1782 1828 Swedish composer, concert singer, harpsichordist and poet
Friedrich Dotzauer 1783 1860 German composer and cellist
Teresa Belloc-Giorgi 1784 1855 Italian composer and contralto
Martin-Joseph Mengal 1784 1851 Belgian composer and instructor
Francesco Morlacchi 1784 1841 Italian composer
George Onslow 1784 1853 Anglo-French
George Onslow
Ferdinand Ries 1784 1838 German
Ferdinand Ries
composer, friend and pupil of Ludwig van Beethoven
Louis Spohr 1784 1859 German
Louis Spohr
composer, violinist and conductor, renowned for chamber music and compositions for violin and harp
Bettina von Arnim 1785 1859 German composer, writer and novelist
Marie Bigot 1785 1820 French composer and piano teacher
Alexandre Pierre François Boëly 1785 1858 French composer, organist and pianist
Isabella Colbran 1785 1845 Spanish composer and opera singer
Catherina Cibbini-Kozeluch 1785 1858 Austrian composer of Bohemian ancestry and pianist
Friedrich Kalkbrenner 1785 1849 German
Friedrich Kalkbrenner
composer, pianist and piano teacher
Karol Kurpiński 1785 1857 Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue
Henry Bishop 1786 1855 English composer
Friedrich Kuhlau 1786 1832 German-Danish
Friedrich Kuhlau
Pietro Raimondi 1786 1853 Italian composer
Friedrich Schneider 1786 1853 German
Friedrich Schneider
composer, pianist, organist and conductor
Carl Maria von Weber 1786 1826 German
Carl Maria von Weber
composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant Romantic opera composers
Alexander Alyabyev 1787 1851 Russian composer, conductor and pianist
Franz Xaver Gruber 1787 1863 Austrian school teacher, church organist and composer, best known for his Christmas carol, Silent Night
Michele Carafa 1787 1872 Italian opera composer
Johann Peter Pixis 1788 1874 German composer and pianist
Simon Sechter 1788 1867 Austrian prolific composer, renowned music theorist, teacher, organist and conductor
Elena Asachi 1789 1877 Romanian composer of Austrian birth, pianist and singer
Nicolas-Charles Bochsa 1789 1856 French composer and musician
Friedrich Ernst Fesca 1789 1826 German
Friedrich Ernst Fesca
composer of instrumental music and violinist
Maria Szymanowska 1789 1831 Polish composer and virtuoso pianist
Harriet Browne 1790 1858 English composer and writer
Isaac Nathan 1790 1864 English composer, musicologist, journalist and self-publicist known as "the father of Australian music"
Carl Czerny 1791 1857 Austrian
Carl Czerny
composer, teacher and pianist
Ferdinand Hérold 1791 1833 French
Ferdinand Hérold
operatic composer
Giacomo Meyerbeer 1791 1864 German
Giacomo Meyerbeer
composer for grand opera (Il crociato in Egitto, Les Huguenots, L'Africaine)
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart 1791 1844 Austrian
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart
composer, pianist, conductor, teacher and the youngest child of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Carlo Evasio Soliva 1791 1853 Swiss-Italian composer
Jan Václav Voříšek 1791 1825 Czech composer, pianist and organist
Francis Johnson 1792 1844 American composer, bugler and violinist
Gioachino Rossini 1792 1868 Italian
Gioachino Rossini
prolific opera composer, best known for The Barber of Seville among other operas
Hedda Wrangel 1792 1833 Swedish composer
Cipriani Potter 1792 1871 English composer, teacher and pianist
Gertrude van den Bergh 1793 1840 Dutch composer and pianist
Bernhard Klein 1793 1832 German composer
Caroline Ridderstolpe 1793 1878 Swedish composer and singer
Princess Amalie of Saxony 1794 1870 German composer
Ignaz Moscheles 1794 1870 Czech
Ignaz Moscheles
composer and piano virtuoso, head of the Leipzig Conservatory after Felix Mendelssohn
Heinrich Marschner 1795 1861 German
Heinrich Marschner
composer, considered to be the most important composer of German opera between Carl Maria von Weber and Richard Wagner
Saverio Mercadante 1795 1870 Italian
Saverio Mercadante
Nikolaos Mantzaros 1795 1872 Italian-Greek composer
Helene Liebmann 1795 1835 German composer and pianist
Franz Berwald 1796 1868 Swedish composer, little known in his lifetime, but his works, including his four symphonies are better known today
Carl Loewe 1796 1869 German
Carl Loewe
composer, baritone singer and conductor
Mathilda d'Orozco 1796 1863 Swedish composer, noble, salonist, poet, writer, singer, amateur actress and harpsichordist
Giovanni Pacini 1796 1867 Italian composer
Emilie Zumsteeg 1796 1857 German composer, pianist, songwriter and choir conductor
Luigi Castellacci 1797 1845 Italian virtuoso on the mandolin and guitar, instrumental composer and author of popular French romances with guitar and piano accompaniments
Gaetano Donizetti 1797 1848 Italian
Gaetano Donizetti
opera composer, known for Lucia di Lammermoor and L'elisir d'amore among others
Franz Schubert 1797 1828 Austrian
Franz Schubert
composer, best known for his more than 600 lieder, chamber music, piano works and symphonies
Annette von Droste-Hülshoff 1797 1848 German composer and writer
Antonio Rolla 1798 1837 Italian composer and violin and viola virtuoso
Olivia Buckley 1799 1847 English composer, harpist and organist
Marie von Stedingk 1799 1868 Swedish composer and courtier
Fromental Halévy 1799 1862 French
Fromental Halévy
Oscar I of Sweden 1799 1859 Swedish
Oscar I of Sweden
composer and king of Sweden and Norway
Alexey Verstovsky 1799 1862 Russian
Alexey Verstovsky
composer, musical bureaucrat and rival of Mikhail Glinka

Repertoire key: B=In Classical Net's basic Timeline of Major Composers 1600–present[1]

Early Romantic (born 1800–1819)[edit]

Name Date born Date died Nationality Comments
Jan Kalivoda 1801 1866 Czech
Jan Kalivoda
composer, conductor and violinist
Vincenzo Bellini 1801 1835 Italian
Vincenzo Bellini
opera composer, known for I Puritani, Norma and La sonnambula among others
Tomasz Padura 1801 1871 Ukrainian-Polish
Tomasz Padura
poet of the so-called Ukrainian school, musician-torbanist and composer-songwriter
Charles Auguste de Bériot 1802 1870 Belgian
Charles Auguste de Bériot
composer and violinist
Jean-Baptiste Duvernoy 1802 1880 French composer and pianist
Amédée Méreaux 1802 1874 French
Amédée Méreaux
composer, his works are somewhat known for their immense difficulties
Bernhard Molique 1802 1869 German composer and violinist
Cesare Pugni 1802 1870 Italian
Cesare Pugni
prolific composer of ballet music
Eliza Flower 1803 1846 English composer
Friedrich Theodor Fröhlich 1803 1836 Swiss
Friedrich Theodor Fröhlich
composer, composed over 300 pieces for piano
Adolphe Adam 1803 1856 French
Adolphe Adam
composer, best known for his ballet score, Giselle
Hector Berlioz 1803 1869 French
Hector Berlioz
composer, famous for his programmatic symphony, Symphonie Fantastique
Henri Herz 1803 1888 Austrian composer and pianist
Franz Lachner 1803 1890 German
Franz Lachner
composer and conductor, brother of Ignaz Lachner and Vinzenz Lachner
Louise Farrenc 1804 1875 French composer of three symphonies and many chamber works including the earliest known sextet for piano and wind quintet (1852)
Mikhail Glinka 1804 1857 Russian
Mikhail Glinka
nationalist composer whose works include the opera, A Life for the Tsar
Johann Strauss I 1804 1849 Austrian
Johann Strauss I
dance music composer, famous for Radetzky March
Fanny Mendelssohn 1805 1847 German composer and pianist, sister of Felix Mendelssohn, mainly known for her vocal compositions and chamber music
Leopold von Zenetti 1805 1892 Austrian composer, mainly known for being one of Anton Bruckner's masters
Napoléon Coste 1805 1883 French virtuoso guitarist, teacher and composer
Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga 1806 1826 Spanish composer who died at nineteen and by which time he had already been nicknamed the "Spanish Mozart" for his Symphony in D and three string quartets
Johann Kaspar Mertz 1806 1856 Hungarian composer, known for his guitar pieces
Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller 1806 1874 German composer and pianist
Carlo Curti 1807 1872 Italian cellist, performer and educator at Royal School of Music in Parma who composed cello and piano music
Ignaz Lachner 1807 1895 German
Ignaz Lachner
conductor, composer and organist, a prolific composer, notable for his chamber music such as his string quartets and trios
Elias Parish Alvars 1808 1849 English
Elias Parish Alvars
harpist and composer
Michael William Balfe 1808 1870 Irish conductor and composer, remembered for his opera, The Bohemian Girl
Sebastián Iradier 1809 1865 Spanish composer, best known for La Paloma
Felix Mendelssohn 1809 1847 German
Felix Mendelssohn
conductor, music-director, composer and pianist, brother of Fanny Mendelssohn, best known for Wedding March from A Midsummer Night's Dream
Otto Lindblad 1809 1864 Swedish composer
Frédéric Chopin 1810 1849 Polish-French
Frédéric Chopin
composer and virtuoso pianist, his works includes nocturnes, ballade, scherzos, etudes and a number of Polish dances such as mazurkas, polonaises and waltzes.
Ferenc Erkel 1810 1893 Hungarian composer of grand opera
Otto Nicolai 1810 1849 German opera composer and conductor, best known for The Merry Wives of Windsor
Norbert Burgmüller 1810 1836 German composer and brother of Friedrich Burgmüller, praised by Robert Schumann
Robert Schumann 1810 1856 German
Robert Schumann
composer and pianist, husband of Clara Schumann, a significant lieder writer, a prolific composer, wrote many short piano pieces, four symphonies, concerti and chamber music
Ludwig Schuncke 1810 1834 German composer and pianist
Ferdinand David 1810 1873 German composer and violinist
Vinzenz Lachner 1811 1893 German composer, brother of Franz Lachner and Ignaz Lachner
Franz Liszt 1811 1886 Hungarian
Franz Liszt
composer and virtuoso pianist, one of the most influential and distinguished piano composers of the Romantic era and the rival of Robert Schumann and Clara Schumann, wrote a number of symphonic poems and extended piano technique, best known for his Hungarian Rhapsodies and other solo piano works
Ferdinand Hiller 1811 1885 German composer, conductor, writer and music-director, close friend of Felix Mendelssohn. Robert Schumann dedicated his Piano Concerto to him in 1845.
Wilhelm Taubert 1811 1891 German pianist, composer and conductor whose early works received praise from Felix Mendelssohn
Ambroise Thomas 1811 1896 French
Ambroise Thomas
composer, best known for his two operas, Mignon and Hamlet
Spyridon Xyndas 1812 1896 Greek opera composer and guitarist
Sigismond Thalberg 1812 1871 Austrian composer and one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era
Louis-Antoine Jullien 1812 1860 French conductor and composer of light music, king of promenade concerts in England
Emilie Mayer 1812 1883 German
Emilie Mayer
composer of eight symphonies as well as overtures, lieder and numerous chamber works
Friedrich von Flotow 1812 1883 German
Friedrich von Flotow
composer, chiefly remembered for his opera, Martha
Alexandre Dubuque 1812 1898 Russian-French composer, known for teaching
Johann Rufinatscha 1812 1893 Austrian composer
Alexander Dargomyzhsky 1813 1869 Russian
Alexander Dargomyzhsky
Semen Hulak-Artemovsky 1813 1873 Ukrainian
Semen Hulak-Artemovsky
opera composer, singer (baritone), actor and dramatist
George Alexander Macfarren 1813 1887 English
George Alexander Macfarren
major opera composer, best known for Robin Hood, She Stoops to Conquer and Helvellyn, also known as a teacher
Stephen Heller 1813 1888 Hungarian composer, highly affected the late Romantic composers
Richard Wagner 1813 1883 German
Richard Wagner
major opera composer, friend of Franz Liszt, best known for his cycle of four operas, Der Ring des Nibelungen
Ernst Haberbier 1813 1869 German composer
Giuseppe Verdi 1813 1901 Italian
Giuseppe Verdi
major opera composer, best known for Nabucco, Rigoletto, La Traviata, Aida, Otello and Don Carlos
Charles-Valentin Alkan 1813 1888 French composer and virtuoso pianist
Antonios Liveralis 1814 1842 Greek opera composer and conductor
Giuseppe Lillo 1814 1863 Italian composer, best known for his operas among which is worth noting Odda di Bernaver and Caterina Howard
Adolf von Henselt 1814 1889 German composer and pianist
Josephine Lang 1815 1880 German composer and pianist
Ferdinand Praeger 1815 1891 German composer and pianist
Robert Volkmann 1815 1883 German
Robert Volkmann
composer, companion of Johannes Brahms
Józef Władysław Krogulski 1815 1842 Polish composer and pianist
William Sterndale Bennett 1816 1875 English composer, conductor and editor
Charles Dancla 1817 1907 French violinist, composer and teacher
Émile Prudent 1817 1863 French pianist and composer
Károly Thern 1817 1886 Hungarian composer, conductor and teacher
Niels Gade 1817 1890 Danish composer, violinist and organist
Henry Litolff 1818 1891 British pianist, composer and music publisher, best known for his five Concerto Symphoniques
Charles Gounod 1818 1893 French
Charles Gounod
composer, best known for his two operas, Faust and Roméo et Juliette
Antonio Bazzini 1818 1897 Italian violinist, composer and teacher, best known for The Dance of the Goblins
Alexander Dreyschock 1818 1869 Czech pianist and composer
Jacques Offenbach 1819 1880 French
Jacques Offenbach
opera and operetta composer, known for The Tales of Hoffmann and Orpheus in the Underworld
Franz von Suppé 1819 1895 Austrian
Franz von Suppé
composer and conductor, notable for his operetta, Light Cavalry
Stanisław Moniuszko 1819 1872 Polish composer, best known as the Father of Polish National Opera
Clara Schumann 1819 1896 German composer and pianist, wife of Robert Schumann, one of the leading pianists of the Romantic era
Vatroslav Lisinski 1819 1854 Croatian composer, famous for his first Croatian opera, Love and Malice and his second Croatian opera, Porin

Middle Romantic (born 1820–1839)[edit]

Name Date born Date died Nationality Comments
Henri Vieuxtemps 1820 1881 Belgian
Henri Vieuxtemps
composer and violinist
Giovanni Bottesini 1821 1889 Italian conductor, composer and double bass virtuoso
Josip Runjanin 1821 1878 Croatian composer
Emilie Holmberg 1821 1854 Swedish composer, concert pianist and organist
Joachim Raff 1822 1882 Swiss-born German
Joachim Raff
composer, best known for eleven symphonies, most of them program music
César Franck 1822 1890 Belgian-born French
César Franck
composer, noted for his Symphony in D minor, also a significant composer for the organ
James Lord Pierpont 1822 1893 American composer, best known for Jingle Bells
Luigi Arditi 1822 1903 Italian composer, violinist and conductor
Édouard Lalo 1823 1892 French
Édouard Lalo
composer, remembered for his Symphonie espagnole for violin and orchestra and his Cello Concerto
Theodor Kirchner 1823 1903 German composer and pianist, he wrote over 1,000 piano pieces
Kurmangazy Sagyrbaev 1823 1896 Kazakhstani composer
Anton Bruckner 1824 1896 Austrian
Anton Bruckner
composer of nine large-scale symphonies (one incomplete) and two more unacknowledged
Frederick Ellard 1824 1874 Australian composer
Bedřich Smetana 1824 1884 Czech
Portrait of balding, bearded, bespectacled middle-aged man with solemn expression, wearing a bow tie and high-buttoned jacket
Bedřich Smetana
nationalist composer, best known for his cycle of six symphonic poems, Má vlast and his opera, The Bartered Bride
Carl Reinecke 1824 1910 German
Carl Reinecke
composer, conductor and pianist, best known for his attachment to classical forms and conducted Gewandhausorchester for nearly 35 years
Jean-Baptiste Arban 1825 1889 French composer and virtuoso cornetist, wrote the "Grande méthode complète pour cornet à pistons et de saxhorn" now referred to as the "Trumpeter's Bible"
Johann Strauss II 1825 1899 Austrian
Johann Strauss II
composer known as "The Waltz King", son of Austrian dance music composer Johann Strauss I and elder brother of Josef Strauss and Eduard Strauss, best known for Blue Danube Waltz and his opera, Die Fledermaus
Richard Hol 1825 1904 Dutch organ composer
Stephen Foster 1826 1864 American composer and songwriter known as "the father of American music", best known for "Oh! Susanna", "Camptown Races", "Old Folks at Home", "My Old Kentucky Home", "Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair", "Old Black Joe" and "Beautiful Dreamer"
Ivar Hallström 1826 1901 Swedish opera composer
Ludwig Minkus 1826 1917 Austrian composer of ballet music
Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland 1827 1852 Swedish composer and the second son of Oscar I of Sweden
Josef Strauss 1827 1870 Austrian composer and younger brother of Johann Strauss II
Adolphe Blanc 1828 1885 French composer of chamber music
Adrien Barthe 1828 1898 French composer
Eduard Rohde 1828 1883 German composer and organist
Johann Dubez 1828 1891 Austrian composer and mandolinist
Jacques Blumenthal 1829 1908 German composer
Patrick Gilmore 1829 1892 Irish-born American composer and bandleader, best known for his song, When Johnny Comes Marching Home
Louis Moreau Gottschalk 1829 1869 American composer, famous for performing his own romantic piano works
Anton Rubinstein 1829 1894 Russian
Anton Rubinstein
conductor, composer and pianist
Pavlos Carrer 1829 1896 Greek composer, famous for composing the first Greek operas
Karl Goldmark 1830 1915 Hungarian
Karl Goldmark
Hans von Bülow 1830 1894 German
Hans von Bülow
conductor, composer and virtuoso pianist
Theodor Leschetizky 1830 1915 Polish pianist, professor and composer
Ivan Larionov 1830 1889 Russian composer, writer and folklorist
Kornelije Stanković 1831 1865 Serbian composer
Jan Gerard Palm 1831 1906 Curaçaoan composer, best known for his mazurkas, waltzes, danzas, tumbas, fantasies and serenades
Célestin Lavigueur 1831 1885 Canadian opera composer
Hiromori Hayashi 1831 1896 Japanese
Hiromori Hayashi
composer, known for the Japanese national anthem, Kimigayo
Joseph Joachim 1831 1907 Hungarian composer, violinist, conductor and teacher
Eduardo Mezzacapo 1832 1898 Italian mandolin virtuoso, composer and teacher, known for Aubade for Mandolin, Violin and Guitar and Tarantella "Napoli"
August Söderman 1832 1876 Swedish composer, best known for his lieder and choral works
Ivan Zajc 1832 1914 Croatian composer, conductor, director and teacher, best known for his opera, Nikola Šubić Zrinski and his Croatian patriotic song, U boj, u boj
Francis Edward Bache 1833 1858 English composer and organist
Alexander Borodin 1833 1887 Russian chemist and nationalist composer, part of the Russian Five, wrote the opera, Prince Igor
Johannes Brahms 1833 1897 German
Johannes Brahms
composer, one of the leading musicians of the Romantic period, best known for his four symphonies, Violin Concerto, two piano concertos, and A German Requiem
Amilcare Ponchielli 1834 1886 Italian
Amilcare Ponchielli
opera composer, known for La Gioconda
Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska 1834 1861 Polish composer
Julius Reubke 1834 1858 German
Julius Reubke
piano and organ composer, known for Sonata on the 94th Psalm
Peter Benoit 1834 1901 Belgian composer
Giuseppe Branzoli 1835 1909 Italian mandolinist, violinist, composer and music historian
Felix Draeseke 1835 1913 German composer
Camille Saint-Saëns 1835 1921 French
Camille Saint-Saëns
music critic, composer, pianist and an exceptional organist, best known for his biblical opera, Samson et Dalila
Henryk Wieniawski 1835 1880 Polish
Henryk Wieniawski
composer and violinist, famous for two concertos and character pieces of exceptional difficulty
Eduard Strauss 1835 1916 Austrian composer and younger brother of Johann Strauss II and Josef Strauss
César Cui 1835 1918 Russian
César Cui
army officer, music critic and composer of the Russian Five
Davorin Jenko 1835 1914 Slovenian-born Serbian composer and conductor
Friedrich Baumfelder 1836 1916 German piano, choral, and orchestra composer, in his day known for his 'Tirocinium musicae' and today known for his 'Melody in F major'
Léo Delibes 1836 1891 French composer, one of the first significant ballet composers since the Baroque music, known for Coppélia, Sylvia, and Lakmé
Abdu al-Hamuli 1836 1901 Egyptian
Abdu al-Hamuli
composer and singer
Antônio Carlos Gomes 1836 1896 Brazilian opera composer, praised by Franz Liszt and Giuseppe Verdi whose Il Guarany premiered at La Scala in 1870, a first opera ballo for the composer from the New World
Bertha Tammelin 1836 1915 Swedish composer, concert pianist and opera singer
Julius Weissenborn 1837 1888 German bassoonist, composer and music teacher, famous for his Practical Bassoon School
Tigran Chukhajian 1837 1898 Turkish-Armenian composer, conductor, public activist and the founder of the first opera institution in the Ottoman Empire
Émile Waldteufel 1837 1915 French
Émile Waldteufel
composer of light music
Mily Balakirev 1837 1910 Russian
Mily Balakirev
nationalist composer and the leader of the Russian Five
Gordon Saunders 1837 1912 English composer of songs, church music and organ music, professor at the Trinity College of Music
Georges Bizet 1838 1875 French
Georges Bizet
composer, best known for his final opera, Carmen
Max Bruch 1838 1920 German
Max Bruch
composer, known for his Violin Concerto No. 1, Scottish Fantasy and Kol Nidrei for cello and orchestra
Henri Ghys 1839 1908 French pianist, conductor and composer
Modest Mussorgsky 1839 1881 Russian
Modest Mussorgsky
nationalist composer and the member of the Russian Five, best known for his orchestral tone poem, Night on Bald Mountain and his piano suite, Pictures at an Exhibition
Eduard Nápravník 1839 1916 Czech
Eduard Nápravník
conductor and composer
John Knowles Paine 1839 1906 American first native-born American composer to acquire international fame for his large-scale orchestral music
Josef Rheinberger 1839 1901 German composer and organist, born in Liechtenstein, primarily noted for his organ music including 20 sonatas

Late Romantic (born 1840–1859)[edit]

Name Date born Date died Nationality Comments
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky 1840 1893 Russian
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
composer, best known for his three ballets, The Nutcracker, Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty, the opera Eugene Onegin, Romeo and Juliet Overture-Fantasy, 1812 Overture, Piano Concerto No. 1, Violin Concerto and his six symphonies
John Stainer 1840 1901 English composer and organist
Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray 1840 1910 French composer
Johan Svendsen 1840 1911 Norwegian composer, conductor and violinist
Louis Brassin 1840 1884 Belgian pianist, composer and music educator, best known for his piano transcription of the Magic Fire Music from Wagner's Die Walküre
Emmanuel Chabrier 1841 1894 French
Emmanuel Chabrier
composer who influenced Maurice Ravel, Les Six, Jean Françaix and many other French composers, known for the opera, L'étoile and the rhapsody, España
Felip Pedrell 1841 1922 Spanish composer of opera, zarzuela and church music who taught and influenced Isaac Albéniz, Enrique Granados and Manuel de Falla
Giovanni Sgambati 1841 1914 Italian composer, conductor and pianist
Antonín Dvořák 1841 1904 Czech
Antonín Dvořák
composer, best known for his New World Symphony
Giuseppe Silvestri 1841 1921 Italian composer and mandolin virtuoso
Arrigo Boito 1842 1918 Italian
Arrigo Boito
composer and librettist, known as a composer for his opera, Mefistofele
Josef Labor 1842 1924 Austrian
Josef Labor
composer, pianist, organist and teacher
Mykola Lysenko 1842 1912 Ukrainian
Mykola Lysenko
composer, pianist, conductor and ethnomusicologist
Johann Nepomuk Fuchs 1842 1899 Austrian composer, conductor, teacher and editor
Jules Massenet 1842 1912 French
Jules Massenet
composer, best known for his two operas, Manon and Werther and the Méditation for violin from the opera, Thaïs
Arthur Sullivan 1842 1900 English
Arthur Sullivan
composer, known for his operettas in collaboration with William Schwenck Gilbert
Calixa Lavallée 1842 1891 Canadian composer, known for the Canadian national anthem, O Canada
Émile Bernard 1843 1902 French composer and organist, known for his Divertissement For Doubled Wind Quintet
Edvard Grieg 1843 1907 Norwegian
Edvard Grieg
composer, best known for his 1875 incidental music, Peer Gynt and the Piano Concerto in A minor
David Popper 1843 1913 Czech composer and virtuoso cellist, known for his 40 etudes, 4 concertos and Hungarian Rhapsody for cello and orchestra
Paul Taffanel 1844 1908 French
Paul Taffanel
flautist, conductor and instructor, regarded as the founder of the French Flute School
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov 1844 1908 Russian
A man with glasses and a long beard sitting on a sofa, smoking
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
composer and the member of the Russian Five, best known for Flight of the Bumblebee from The Tale of Tsar Saltan
Pietro Armanini 1844 1895 Italian composer, virtuoso mandolinist and teacher, known for his performances and two dances, La cigale polka pour (The Grasshopper Polka) and L'éventail polka-mazurka (The Range Mazurka)
Pablo de Sarasate 1844 1908 Spanish virtuoso violinist and composer, best known for Zigeunerweisen, Carmen Fantasy and his showpieces for the violin
Charles-Marie Widor 1844 1937 French
Charles-Marie Widor
composer, known for his works for the organ
Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 1900 German philologist, philosopher, cultural critic, poet and composer
Ion Ivanovici 1845 1902 Romanian composer, known for his waltz, Waves of the Danube
Gabriel Fauré 1845 1924 French
Gabriel Fauré
composer, known for his chamber music and his Requiem among other pieces
Oscar Hammerstein I 1846 1919 German-born American opera composer, businessman and impresario
Albert Mando 1846 1912 American composer, conductor and music educator
Ignaz Brüll 1846 1907 Austrian composer and pianist, famous for his opera, Das goldene Kreuz
Luigi Denza 1846 1922 Italian opera composer, composed and played for mandolin and guitar
Ferdinando de Cristofaro 1846 1890 Italian mandolin virtuoso, pianist, composer and music teacher
Zygmunt Noskowski 1846 1909 Polish composer, conductor and teacher
Robert Fuchs 1847 1927 Austrian composer and music teacher
Chiquinha Gonzaga 1847 1935 Brazilian composer, pianist, and conductor
Augusta Holmès 1847 1903 French composer of Irish descent
Philipp Scharwenka 1847 1917 German-Polish composer and music teacher, brother of Xaver Scharwenka
Henri Duparc 1848 1933 French composer, noted for seventeen melodies
Hubert Parry 1848 1918 English
Hubert Parry
composer, wrote choral song, Jerusalem
Benjamin Godard 1849 1895 French composer and violinist
Ernesto Köhler 1849 1907 Italian flautist and composer, known by flautists for his instructional work, Progress in Flute Playing
Calogero Adolfo Bracco 1850 1903 Italian mandolinist, violinist, composer and conductor, known for I mandolini a congresso
Zdeněk Fibich 1850 1900 Czech
Zdeněk Fibich
composer, best known for his two operas, Šárka and The Bride of Messina
Xaver Scharwenka 1850 1924 German-Polish composer, pianist and music teacher, brother of Philipp Scharwenka
Alexandre Luigini 1850 1906 French composer and conductor
Max Josef Beer 1851 1908 Austrian composer
Josif Marinković 1851 1931 Serbian composer
Vincent d'Indy 1851 1931 French
Vincent d'Indy
composer, teacher of Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud among others
Francisco Tárrega 1852 1909 Spanish composer and virtuoso classical guitarist, known as 'the Father of modern classical guitar playing'
Hans Huber 1852 1921 Swiss composer
Charles Villiers Stanford 1852 1924 Irish
head and shoulders shot of an elderly man with full head of hair, moustache and pince-nez
Charles Villiers Stanford
Ciprian Porumbescu 1853 1883 Romanian composer
Teresa Carreño 1853 1917 Venezuelan composer and pianist
Arthur Foote 1853 1937 American
Arthur Foote
composer and the member of the Second New England School
Engelbert Humperdinck 1854 1921 German opera composer, influenced by Richard Wagner, famous for Hänsel und Gretel
Leoš Janáček 1854 1928 Czech composer, known for his operas Káťa Kabanová and Jenůfa and his orchestral pieces Sinfonietta and Taras Bulba
Alfredo Catalani 1854 1893 Italian
Alfredo Catalani
composer, known for his two operas, Loreley and La Wally
Moritz Moszkowski 1854 1925 German composer and pianist who wrote prolifically for the piano, also composed a piano concerto and a violin concerto
John Philip Sousa 1854 1932 American
John Philip Sousa
composer and conductor known as "The March King", best known for The Stars and Stripes Forever among other marches
Bernard Zweers 1854 1924 Dutch
Bernard Zweers
George Whitefield Chadwick 1854 1931 American composer
Ernest Chausson 1855 1899 French
Ernest Chausson
composer, influenced by César Franck and Richard Wagner, seen as a bridge from them to Claude Debussy
Jean Pietrapertosa 1855 1940 Italian-French composer and mandolin virtuoso
Julius Röntgen 1855 1932 German-Dutch composer, influenced by Johannes Brahms, close friend to Edvard Grieg
Anatoly Lyadov 1855 1914 Russian
Anatoly Lyadov
composer, teacher and conductor
Arnold Mendelssohn 1855 1933 German composer and music teacher
Stevan Mokranjac 1856 1914 Serbian composer
Jacob J. Sawyer 1856 1885 American composer
Giuseppe Martucci 1856 1909 Italian composer and music teacher
Frank White Meacham 1856 1909 American composer and arranger of Tin Pan Alley, best known for his popular march, American Patrol
Sergei Taneyev 1856 1915 Russian
Sergei Taneyev
composer, pianist and music teacher
Christian Sinding 1856 1941 Norwegian
Christian Sinding
Edward Elgar 1857 1934 English
Edward Elgar
composer, wrote oratorios, chamber music, concertos and symphonies, best known for his Enigma Variations, Salut d'Amour, Cello Concerto and his Pomp and Circumstance Marches
Cécile Chaminade 1857 1944 French composer and pianist
Ruggero Leoncavallo 1857 1919 Italian
Ruggero Leoncavallo
opera composer, known almost exclusively for Pagliacci
Edwin Eugene Bagley 1857 1922 American composer, most famous for composing the march, National Emblem
Mathilde Kralik 1857 1944 Austrian
Mathilde Kralik
composer, pupil of Anton Bruckner
Giacomo Puccini 1858 1924 Italian
Giacomo Puccini
opera composer, known for La bohème, Tosca and Madama Butterfly
Jenő Hubay 1858 1937 Hungarian violinist, composer and music teacher, also known by his German name Eugen Huber
Eugène Ysaÿe 1858 1931 Belgian
Eugène Ysaÿe
composer and virtuoso violinist, known for his solo sonatas for violin
Hans Rott 1858 1884 Austrian composer and organist, favorite student of Anton Bruckner and praised by Gustav Mahler
Carlo Curti 1859 1922 Italian
Carlo Curti
composer, conductor and instrumentalist on xylophone and mandolin, wrote mandolin method. Also, he conducted the first Mexican Typical Orchestra (Orquesta Típica Mexicana)
Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov 1859 1935 Russian composer, conductor and teacher
Victor Herbert 1859 1924 Irish-born American composer, cellist and conductor, best known for his 1903 operetta, Babes in Toyland
Sergei Lyapunov 1859 1924 Russian composer and pianist
Per Lasson 1859 1883 Norwegian composer, brother of Norwegian painter, Oda Krohg

Post Romantic (born 1860–1899)[edit]

Name Date born Date died Nationality Comments
Isaac Albéniz 1860 1909 Spanish
Isaac Albéniz
composer and virtuoso pianist, known for nationalist piano works such as Iberia and a 'set of 12 piano pieces'
Valborg Aulin 1860 1928 Swedish female pianist and composer
Gustave Charpentier 1860 1956 French
Gustave Charpentier
composer, best known for his opera, Louise
Gustav Mahler 1860 1911 Austrian
Gustav Mahler
composer, one of the most important late-Romantic/early-Modernist composers, his works include ten innovative large-scale and sometimes programmatic symphonies and many lieder
Edward MacDowell 1860 1908 American
Edward MacDowell
composer, best known for his piano concertos and piano suites, his works include his most popular short piece, "To a Wild Rose"
Hugo Wolf 1860 1903 Austrian
Hugo Wolf
composer of lieder, influenced by Richard Wagner
Ignacy Jan Paderewski 1860 1941 Polish pianist and composer
Anton Arensky 1861 1906 Russian composer, pianist and music teacher
Spyridon Samaras 1861 1917 Greek opera composer, widely known for his composition of the "Olympic Hymn"
Wilhelm Berger 1861 1911 German composer, pianist and conductor
Georgy Catoire 1861 1926 Russian composer
Václav Suk 1861 1933 Czech-born Russian composer, violinist and conductor
Stéphan Elmas 1862 1937 Armenian
Stéphan Elmas
composer, pianist and teacher
Claude Debussy 1862 1918 French
Claude Debussy
composer, one of the most prominent figures working within the field of Impressionist music, best known for Clair de Lune from Suite bergamasque
Frederick Delius 1862 1934 English
Frederick Delius
composer, used chromaticism in many of his compositions
Edward German 1862 1936 English
Edward German
composer of Welsh descent, known for his three comic operas, Merrie England, A Princess of Kensington and Tom Jones
Alberto Williams 1862 1952 Argentine composer and conductor
Emil von Sauer 1862 1942 German composer, pianist, editor and teacher
Pietro Mascagni 1863 1945 Italian
Pietro Mascagni
opera composer, known for Cavalleria Rusticana
Horatio Parker 1863 1919 American
Horatio Parker
composer, organist and teacher
Gabriel Pierné 1863 1937 French composer, conductor and organist
Ricardo Castro 1864 1907 Mexican composer, works include piano music
Alexander Gretchaninov 1864 1956 Russian
Alexander Gretchaninov
Sakunosuke Koyama 1864 1927 Japanese
Sakunosuke Koyama
composer and music teacher
Alberto Nepomuceno 1864 1920 Brazilian
Alberto Nepomuceno
Clarence L. Partee 1864 1915 American
Clarence L. Partee
composer for banjo, mandolin and guitar
Guy Ropartz 1864 1955 French composer and conductor
Richard Strauss 1864 1949 German
Richard Strauss
composer, known for Also Sprach Zarathustra (based on the book, Thus Spoke Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche), wrote many symphonic poems, operas and lieder
Paul Dukas 1865 1935 French
Paul Dukas
composer, known for his piece of program music, The Sorcerer's Apprentice
Eduardo di Capua 1865 1917 Italian composer, known for his song, "'O sole mio"
Herbert J. Ellis 1865 1903 English musician (banjo, mandolin and guitar), wrote method books, more than 1000 compositions
Paul Gilson 1865 1942 Belgian musician and composer
Alexander Glazunov 1865 1936 Russian
Alexander Glazunov
composer, influenced by Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt
Albéric Magnard 1865 1914 French
Albéric Magnard
Carl Nielsen 1865 1931 Danish
Carl Nielsen
composer, renowned for his six symphonies and concerti
Jean Sibelius 1865 1957 Finnish
Jean Sibelius
composer of seven symphonies and the Violin Concerto in D minor, known also for the symphonic poems include Finlandia, En saga, Lemminkäinen (which includes the Swan of Tuonela), The Oceanides, and Tapiola
Vasily Kalinnikov 1866 1901 Russian composer of two symphonies
Tor Aulin 1866 1914 Swedish violinist, conductor and composer
Ferruccio Busoni 1866 1924 Italian
Ferruccio Busoni
composer and pianist, known for his opera, Turandot and his many transcriptions and arrangements of Johann Sebastian Bach
Francesco Cilea 1866 1950 Italian composer, particularly known for his two operas, L'arlesiana and Adriana Lecouvreur
Vladimir Rebikov 1866 1920 Russian composer and pianist
Erik Satie 1866 1925 French
Erik Satie
composer and pianist, best known for Les Trois Gymnopédies
Georg Schumann 1866 1952 German
Georg Schumann
composer, older brother of Camillo Schumann; no relation to Robert Schumann
Johann Strauss III 1866 1939 Austrian composer, son of Eduard Strauss
Learmont Drysdale 1866 1909 Scottish composer
Samuel Maykapar 1867 1938 Russian composer
Amy Beach 1867 1944 American
Amy Beach
composer and pianist
Umberto Giordano 1867 1948 Italian
Umberto Giordano
opera composer
Enrique Granados 1867 1916 Spanish
Enrique Granados
composer and pianist, known for his piano works and chamber music
Wilhelm Peterson-Berger 1867 1942 Swedish
Wilhelm Peterson-Berger
composer, wrote symphonies, operas, vocal and piano music
Charles Koechlin 1867 1950 French composer, teacher and writer on music
Scott Joplin c. 1867/1868 1917 American
Scott Joplin
composer and pianist known as "The Ragtime King", best known for Maple Leaf Rag and The Entertainer among other ragtime compositions
Oskar Merikanto 1868 1924 Finnish
Oskar Merikanto
musician and composer
Granville Bantock 1868 1946 British composer
Hermann Bischoff 1868 1936 German composer
Hamish MacCunn 1868 1916 Scottish composer, conductor and teacher, most famous for The Land of the Mountain and the Flood
Vittorio Monti 1868 1922 Italian composer, violinist and conductor, most famous for Csárdás
José Vianna da Motta 1868 1948 Portuguese pianist, teacher and composer, most famous for Symphony 'À Pátria', Op. 13
Juventino Rosas 1868 1894 Mexican
Juventino Rosas
composer, known for his song, "Sobre las Olas"
Jan Brandts Buys 1868 1933 Dutch-Austrian composer
Tokichi Setoguchi 1868 1941 Japanese
Tokichi Setoguchi
composer, music educator, conductor and clarinetist, famous for Warship March
Seth Weeks 1868 1953 American
Seth Weeks
composer, music educator, jazz bandleader and mandolinist
Siegfried Wagner 1869 1930 German opera composer, conductor and the son of Richard Wagner
Demetrios Lialios 1869 1940 Greek composer of chamber music
Julius Conus 1869 1942 Russian composer and violinist
Albert Roussel 1869 1937 French
Albert Roussel
Armas Järnefelt 1869 1958 Finnish composer and conductor
Harry Lawrence Freeman 1869 1954 American opera composer, conductor, impresario and teacher, best known for his African-American opera, Voodoo
Alfred Hill 1869 1960 Australian-New Zealand composer, conductor and teacher
John Nicholas Klohr 1869 1956 American composer of band music, most famous for The Billboard March
Leopold Godowsky 1870 1938 Polish composer, pianist and teacher
Zygmunt Stojowski 1870 1946 Polish composer and pianist
Oscar Straus 1870 1954 Austrian
Oscar Straus
composer, no relation to the musical Strauss family of Vienna (Johann Strauss I, Johann Strauss II, Josef Strauss, Eduard Strauss and Johann Strauss III)
Franz Lehár 1870 1948 Hungarian composer, mainly known for his operettas
Florent Schmitt 1870 1958 French composer
Luigi von Kunits 1870 1931 Serbian-born Austrian composer and conductor, founder of the Pittsburg and Toronto symphony orchestras
Guillaume Lekeu 1870 1894 Belgian composer, known for his violin sonata
Louis Vierne 1870 1937 French
Louis Vierne
composer and organist, titular organist of Notre-Dame de Paris
Nobu Kōda 1870 1946 Japanese
Nobu Kōda
composer, violinist and music teacher
Frederick Converse 1871 1940 American composer
Alfredo D'Ambrosio 1871 1914 Italian violinist and composer
Giacomo Balla 1871 1958 Italian futurist composer and artist
Zacharia Paliashvili 1871 1933 Georgian
Zacharia Paliashvili
composer, known for the eclectic fusion of Georgian folk songs and stories with 19th century Romantic classical themes. He was the founder of the Georgian Philharmonic Society and later, the head of the Tbilisi State Conservatoire
Henry Kimball Hadley 1871 1937 American composer and conductor, known for the opera, Cleopatra's Night
Oreste Ravanello 1871 1938 Italian composer, known for works for choir and for organ
Wilhelm Stenhammar 1871 1927 Swedish
Wilhelm Stenhammar
composer, conductor and pianist
Alexander von Zemlinsky 1871 1942 Austrian
Alexander von Zemlinsky
composer and music teacher, his students include Arnold Schoenberg and Erich Wolfgang Korngold
Stanislav Binički 1872 1942 Serbian composer
Hugo Alfvén 1872 1960 Swedish
Hugo Alfvén
composer, known for Swedish Rhapsody, works include choral music and five symphonies
Julius Fučík 1872 1916 Czech
Julius Fučík
composer and conductor of military bands, known for Entrance of the Gladiators
Rubin Goldmark 1872 1936 American composer, pianist, educator and nephew of Karl Goldmark
Alexander Scriabin 1872 1915 Russian
Alexander Scriabin
composer and pianist, known for his harmonically adventurous piano sonatas and theatrically orchestral works, characteristic period compositions include his Op. 1 to Op. 30 works
Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872 1958 English
Ralph Vaughan Williams
composer, his works include nine symphonies, Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis and other orchestral poems
Salvator Léonardi 1872 1938 Italian composer, performer and teacher, known for Souvenir de Catania, Souvenir de Napoli, Souvenir de Sicile and Angeli e Demoni
Camillo Schumann 1872 1946 German composer, younger brother of Georg Schumann; no relation to Robert Schumann
William Henry Bell 1873 1946 English composer, conductor and lecturer
Leo Fall 1873 1925 Austrian composer of operettas
Pascual Marquina Narro 1873 1948 Spanish prolific orchestral and operatic composer
Sergei Rachmaninoff 1873 1943 Russian
Sergei Rachmaninoff
composer, conductor and virtuoso pianist, wrote three symphonies, four piano concertos, Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini and solo piano music
Max Reger 1873 1916 German prolific composer, known for his Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart
Reynaldo Hahn 1874 1947 Venezuelan composer, known for his strikingly beautiful and unabashedly tonal melodies
Gustav Holst 1874 1934 English
middle aged man in head and shoulder shot looking warily at camera
Gustav Holst
composer, best known for his orchestral suite, The Planets
Charles Ives 1874 1954 American composer, member of the American Five, best known for The Unanswered Question and his Concord Sonata
Arnold Schoenberg 1874 1951 Austrian-American
Arnold Schoenberg
composer, whose early works (e.g. Verklärte Nacht) are influenced by Richard Wagner, but subsequently developed atonalism and serialism with such watershed works as Moses und Aron
Josef Suk 1874 1935 Czech
Josef Suk
composer and violinist
Franz Schmidt 1874 1939 Austrian composer, influenced by Anton Bruckner and Johannes Brahms
Eugénie-Victorine-Jeanne Alombert 1874 1964 French composer and pianist
Reinhold Glière 1875 1956 Russian
Reinhold Glière
Julián Carrillo 1875 1965 Mexican composer, conductor, violinist and music theorist
Fritz Kreisler 1875 1962 Austrian composer and virtuoso violinist, known for his sweet sound, composed short showpieces for the violin
Richard Wetz 1875 1935 German composer, influenced by Anton Bruckner
Maurice Ravel 1875 1937 French
Maurice Ravel
composer, best known for Boléro
Franco Alfano 1875 1954 Italian composer and pianist
Albert Ketèlbey 1875 1959 English composer, conductor and pianist
Samuel Coleridge-Taylor 1875 1912 English composer, known for his trilogy of cantatas, The Song of Hiawatha
Alexander Koshetz 1875 1944 Ukrainian
Alexander Koshetz
choral conductor, arranger, composer, ethnographer, writer, musicologist and lecturer
Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis 1875 1911 Lithuanian painter and composer
Henriette Renié 1875 1956 French harpist and composer
Josef Hofmann 1876 1957 Polish-American
Josef Hofmann
composer and pianist
Edgar Bara 1876 1962 French mandolinist and composer, conducted mandolin orchestra
John Alden Carpenter 1876 1951 American composer
Manuel de Falla 1876 1946 Spanish
Manuel de Falla
composer, best known for The Three-Cornered Hat
Flor Alpaerts 1876 1954 Belgian composer, notable students include the two composers, Denise Tolkowsky and Ernest Schuyten
Mieczysław Karłowicz 1876 1909 Polish
Mieczysław Karłowicz
composer, his style is of late-Romantic and nationalist character
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti 1876 1944 Italian futurist composer, poet, and editor
Fermo Dante Marchetti 1876 1940 Italian composer, best known for the song, "Fascination"
Ludolf Nielsen 1876 1939 Danish composer, violinist, conductor and pianist
Carl Ruggles 1876 1971 American composer, painter and the member of the American Five, whose representative Romantic-period work is the lieder Ich fühle deinen Odem
Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari 1876 1948 Italian
Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari
composer and music teacher, known for his comic operas
Nakao Tozan 1876 1956 Japanese performer and prolific composer, known for his works of the Tozan school
Petar Krstić 1877 1957 Serbian composer and conductor
Antonio Russolo 1877 1942 Italian futurist composer and brother of Luigi Russolo
Ernst von Dohnányi 1877 1960 Hungarian conductor, composer and pianist
Elisabeth Kuyper 1877 1953 Dutch composer and conductor
Paul Ladmirault 1877 1944 French composer
Mykola Leontovych 1877 1921 Ukrainian
Mykola Leontovych
composer, choral conductor and teacher, known for his arrangement of the carol "Shchedryk", known in English as "Carol of the Bells" or as "Ring Christmas Bells"
Sergei Bortkiewicz 1877 1952 Russian
Sergei Bortkiewicz
composer and pianist
Isidor Bajić 1878 1915 Serbian composer, conductor, teacher and publisher
Gabriel Dupont 1878 1914 French
Gabriel Dupont
composer, known for his operas and chamber music
Joseph Holbrooke 1878 1958 English composer, conductor and pianist
Franz Schreker 1878 1934 Austrian conductor, composer and music teacher, primarily a composer of operas
Teiichi Okano 1878 1941 Japanese composer
Frank Bridge 1879 1941 English
Frank Bridge
composer, best known as the teacher of Benjamin Britten, characteristic period compositions include Suite for String Orchestra and his Capriccio Nos. 1 and 2
Viggo Brodersen 1879 1965 Danish composer and pianist
Adolf Wiklund 1879 1950 Swedish composer, conductor and pianist
Joseph Canteloube 1879 1957 French
Joseph Canteloube
composer, primarily known for Chants d'Auvergne
Hamilton Harty 1879 1941 Irish composer and conductor, best known for An Irish Symphony
John Ireland 1879 1962 English composer, whose Piano Concerto is representative
Alma Mahler 1879 1964 Austrian composer and wife of Gustav Mahler
Otto Olsson 1879 1964 Swedish composer
Ottorino Respighi 1879 1936 Italian composer, known for his three symphonic poems, Fountains of Rome, Pines of Rome, and Roman Festivals
Rudolf Sieczyński 1879 1952 Austrian
Rudolf Sieczyński
Cyril Scott 1879 1970 English composer, writer and poet
Rentarō Taki 1879 1903 Japanese
Rentarō Taki
composer and pianist
Nikolai Medtner 1880 1951 Russian
Nikolai Medtner
composer and pianist
Clarence Cameron White 1880 1960 American neoromantic composer and concert violinist
Emilios Riadis 1880 1935 Greek composer, famous for his song cycles
Béla Bartók 1881 1945 Hungarian
Béla Bartók
composer, pianist and ethnomusicologist
Kenneth J. Alford 1881 1945 English composer of marches for band, most famous for Colonel Bogey March
Igor Stravinsky 1882 1971 Russian
Igor Stravinsky
composer, pianist and conductor, best known for his three ballets, The Firebird, Petrushka and The Rite of Spring and his characteristic Romantic-style compositions include Symphony in E-flat, Scherzo fantastique and Fireworks
Maximilian Steinberg 1883 1946 Russian
Maximilian Steinberg
composer, whose musical language was influenced by Glazunov and Rimsky-Korsakov's late Romanticism before developing into socialist realism by the late 1920s, characteristic period compositions include his Symphonies Nos. 1 and 2 and his Fantaisie dramatique
Arnold Bax 1883 1953 English
Arnold Bax
composer, poet and author, best known for his orchestral music
Manolis Kalomiris 1883 1962 Greek composer and founder of the Greek National School of Music
York Bowen 1884 1961 English composer and pianist
Charles Tomlinson Griffes 1884 1920 American composer, known for his musical impressionism
Marios Varvoglis 1885 1967 Greek composer
Dimitrios Levidis 1885 1951 Greek composer
Nagayo Motoori 1885 1945 Japanese composer
Kōsaku Yamada 1886 1965 Japanese
Kōsaku Yamada
composer and conductor
Shinpei Nakayama 1887 1952 Japanese composer and songwriter
Kurt Atterberg 1887 1974 Swedish composer and conductor
Nadia Boulanger 1887 1979 French
Nadia Boulanger
composer, pianist and organist
Max Steiner 1888 1971 Austrian-born American composer and conductor who emigrated to America and became one of Hollywood's greatest musical composers
Philip Greeley Clapp 1888 1954 American educator, conductor, pianist and composer of classical music
Sverre Jordan 1889 1972 Norwegian
Sverre Jordan
composer and conductor
Morishige Takei 1890 1949 Japanese composer, guitarist and mandolinist
Sergei Prokofiev 1891 1953 Russian
Sergei Prokofiev
composer, pianist and conductor, best known for his ballet, Romeo and Juliet, his characteristic Romantic works include his Piano Sonata No. 1 in F Minor and his 4 Etudes
Darius Milhaud 1892 1974 French
Darius Milhaud
composer, conductor and teacher
Ferde Grofé 1892 1972 American
Ferde Grofé
composer, arranger, pianist and instrumentalist, best known for Grand Canyon Suite
Sayed Darwish 1892 1923 Egyptian
Sayed Darwish
composer, arranger and singer
Lili Boulanger 1893 1918 French
Lili Boulanger
composer and the first female winner of the Prix de Rome prize
Rued Langgaard 1893 1952 Danish
Rued Langgaard
composer and organist
Tamezō Narita 1893 1945 Japanese composer
Michio Miyagi 1894 1956 Japanese
Michio Miyagi
composer and musician, famous for his koto playing
William Grant Still 1895 1978 American
William Grant Still
composer known as "The Dean of Afro-American Composers"
Carl Orff 1895 1982 German
Carl Orff
composer and music educator, best known for his cantata, Carmina Burana
Eva Jessye 1895 1992 American
Eva Jessye
composer, conductor and singer
Leo Ornstein c. 1895 2002 Ukrainian-American
Leo Ornstein
composer and pianist, though had a reputation as an avant-garde composer during his youth, he has composed characteristic Romantic-period works including Scherzino in B Minor, the piano suite Seeing Russia with Teacher, and 9 Miniatures
Virgil Thomson 1896 1989 American
Virgil Thomson
composer and critic
Henry Cowell 1897 1965 American
Henry Cowell
composer, writer, pianist, publisher, teacher and the husband of Sidney Robertson Cowell
Erich Wolfgang Korngold 1897 1957 Moravian-born American composer and conductor
George Gershwin 1898 1937 American
George Gershwin
composer and pianist known as "The New York Citizen", best known for Rhapsody in Blue and An American in Paris as well as his opera, Porgy and Bess
Mischa Levitzki 1898 1941 American
Mischa Levitzki
composer and pianist of Romantic-style works


Modest MussorgskyGeorges BizetMax BruchMily BalakirevLéo DelibesCamille Saint-SaënsCésar CuiHenryk WieniawskiAmilcare PonchielliJulius ReubkeJohannes BrahmsAlexander BorodinFrancis Edward BacheKarl GoldmarkAnton RubinsteinLouis Moreau GottschalkJosef StraussJohann Strauss IIAnton BrucknerBedřich SmetanaEdouard LaloCésar FranckClara SchumannFranz von SuppéJacques OffenbachCharles GounodNiels Wilhelm GadeRobert VolkmannGiuseppe VerdiCharles-Valentin AlkanRichard WagnerFranz LisztRobert SchumannFrédéric ChopinCarl Otto NicolaiNorbert BurgmüllerOtto LindbladFelix MendelssohnMichael William BalfeJuan Crisostomo de ArriagaFanny MendelssohnJohann Strauss IHector BerliozMikhail GlinkaAdolphe-Charles AdamVincenzo BelliniGaetano DonizettiFranz SchubertCarl LoeweFranz BerwaldGioacchino RossiniGiacomo MeyerbeerCarl CzernyCarl Maria von WeberLouis SpohrDaniel AuberNiccolò PaganiniJohn Field (composer)Anthony Philip HeinrichFernando SorJohann Nepomuk HummelLudwig van Beethoven
Nikolai MedtnerOttorino RespighiJoseph CanteloubeReinhold GlièreFranz Schmidt (composer)Josef SukSergei RachmaninoffAlexander ScriabinWilhelm StenhammarFranz LeharAmy BeachEnrique GranadosFerruccio BusoniVasily KalinnikovJean SibeliusAlexander GlazunovPaul DukasCarl NielsenAlbéric MagnardRichard StraussEdward GermanAnton Stepanovich ArenskyGustave CharpentierIsaac AlbenizGustav MahlerHugo WolfSergei LyapunovEugene YsayeGiacomo PucciniRuggiero LeoncavalloEdward ElgarChristian SindingSergei TaneyevAnatoly LyadovErnest ChaussonGeorge Whitefield ChadwickJohn Philip SousaEngelbert Humperdinck (composer)Leoš JanáčekCharles Villiers StanfordHans Huber (composer)Francisco TarregaFranz Xaver ScharwenkaAlexandre LuiginiHubert ParryRobert FuchsAugusta HolmèsCharles-Marie WidorGabriel FauréPablo SarasateNikolai Rimsky-KorsakovJames Scott SkinnerEdvard GriegArrigo BoitoArthur SullivanJohann Nepomuk Fuchs (composer)Antonín DvořákJohan SvendsenJohn StainerPyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky




  • Classical Net, Timeline of Major Composers 1600–Present (PDF), retrieved 6 May 2009 from Classical Net – Composers and Their Works – Timelines

Further reading[edit]