List of Royal Australian Air Force air marshals

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Sir Richard Williams, the first officer of the Royal Australian Air Force to obtain air marshal rank.

The following is a list of Australians who have attained air marshal rank within the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF); that is, service personnel who have held the rank of air chief marshal (four-star rank), air marshal (three-star rank) or air vice marshal (two-star rank). The Royal Australian Air Force was established in 1921 as a separate branch of the Australian military forces. The service was modelled after the Royal Air Force—formed three years earlier—and adopted the same ranking system.[1][2][3] Richard Williams, regarded as the "father" of the Royal Australian Air Force, was the service's first member to obtain air-officer rank on being promoted to air commodore (one-star rank) in 1927; he went on to become the first air vice marshal (1935) and air marshal (1940).[4][5] In 1965, Sir Frederick Scherger became the first officer to be advanced to air chief marshal, one of only four members of the Royal Australian Air Force to obtain this rank as of June 2014.[6] A further nineteen individuals have reached air marshal in the RAAF and 123 air vice marshal; seven officers have retired with the hononary rank of air vice marshal.[7][8]

Air chief marshals[edit]

A black shoulder board with the word "AUSTRALIA" across the bottom. Above the word is a thick, blue horizontal stripe, with three thinner blue horizontal stripes above that.
An Australian air chief marshal's rank insignia

  This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the air chief marshal is still a serving member of the RAAF.

A dash (—) in the "Died" column indicates that the person is still living.

The rank of air chief marshal is the most senior rank within the Royal Australian Air Force to which, excluding ceremonial appointments, any officer has ever been promoted. Only the five-star rank of Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force is higher, but it has only been held in a ceremonial capacity. As there are currently no appointments in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) at the five-star level, there is no prospect of a RAAF officer achieving the rank in a professional (i.e. non-ceremonial) capacity. Additionally, Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force is generally considered to be a marshal rank as opposed to an air marshal rank and so the only two individuals ever to hold the rank, King George VI and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, are not listed in a separate section. With the current structure of the ADF, the rank of air chief marshal is only held when an officer of the RAAF is appointed as Chief of the Defence Force. As of June 2014, only four officers have obtained the rank of air chief marshal in the RAAF, the first being Sir Frederick Scherger in 1965 who was also the first non-Army officer in the Australian military to reach four-star rank. Mark Binskin is the recently promoted of the four, having been advanced to air chief marshal in June 2014.[6][9]

Air chief marshals of the Royal Australian Air Force are as follows:[10]

Name Born Died Senior command(s) and notes
Binskin, MarkMark Binskin* 1960
Chief of the Defence Force (2014–), Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2011–14), Chief of Air Force (2008–11), Air Commander Australia (2007–08)
Houston, Sir AngusSir Angus Houston 1947
Chief of the Defence Force (2005–11), Chief of Air Force (2001–05)
McNamara, Sir NevilleSir Neville McNamara 1923 2014 Chief of the Defence Force Staff (1982–84), Chief of the Air Staff (1979–82), Commander, RAAF Forces Vietnam (1971–72)
Scherger, Sir FrederickSir Frederick Scherger 1904 1984 Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (1961–66), Chief of the Air Staff (1957–61)

Air marshals[edit]

A black shoulder board with the word "AUSTRALIA" across the bottom. Above the word is a thick, blue horizontal stripe, with two thinner blue horizontal stripes above that.
An Australian air marshal's rank insignia

  This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the air marshal is still a serving member of the RAAF.

A dash (—) in the "Died" column indicates that the person is still living.

Air marshal is the highest permanent rank in the Royal Australian Air Force. The rank of air marshal is always held by the Chief of Air Force, though is also held when a RAAF officer is appointed as Vice Chief of the Defence Force, Chief of Joint Operations or Chief of Capability Development Group within the Department of Defence. Richard Williams was the officer to attain the rank of air marshal in the RAAF on promotion in 1940.[11] Regarded as the 'father' of the Royal Australian Air Force, Williams was its first and longest serving Chief, being appointed to the post during three different periods and serving for a total of thirteen years.[4][5] The current Chief of Air Force, Leo Davies, is the most recent officer to obtain the rank of air marshal on promotion in July 2015.[12]

Air marshals of the Royal Australian Air Force are as follows:[13]

Name Born Died Senior command(s) and notes
Brown, GeoffGeoff Brown 1958
Chief of Air Force (2011–15), Deputy Chief of Air Force (2008–11)
Davies, LeoLeo Davies* 1960
Chief of Air Force (2015–), Deputy Chief of the Air Force (2012–15)
Evans, DavidDavid Evans 1925
Chief of the Air Staff (1982–85)
Fisher, LesLes Fisher 1941
Chief of Air Force (1994–98)
Funnell, RayRay Funnell 1935
Chief of the Air Staff (1987–92), Vice Chief of the Defence Force (1986–87)
Gration, BarryBarry Gration 1936
Chief of Air Force (1992–94), Air Commander Australia (1990–92). Brother of General Peter Gration
Hancock, Sir ValstonSir Valston Hancock 1907 1998 Chief of the Air Staff (1961–65), Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1959–61)
Hannah, Sir ColinSir Colin Hannah 1914 1978 Governor of Queensland (1972–77), Chief of the Air Staff (1970–72), Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1965–67)
Harvey, JohnJohn Harvey 1954
Chief of Capability Development Group (2010–12), Program Manager, New Air Combat Capability (2006–10)
Jones, Sir GeorgeSir George Jones 1896 1992 Director of Coordination, Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (1952–57), Chief of the Air Staff (1942–52)
McCauley, Sir JohnSir John McCauley 1899 1989 Chief of the Air Staff (1954–57), Air Officer Commanding Home Command (1949–54)
McCormack, ErrolErrol McCormack 1941
Chief of Air Force (1998–01)
Murdoch, Sir AlisterSir Alister Murdoch 1912 1984 Chief of the Air Staff (1965–69), Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1962–65)
Newham, JohnJohn Newham 1930
Chief of the Air Staff (1985–87)
Read, Sir CharlesSir Charles Read 1918 2014 Chief of the Air Staff (1972–75)
Riding, DouglasDouglas Riding 1943
Vice Chief of the Defence Force (1998–00)
Rowland, Sir JamesSir James Rowland 1922 1999 Governor of New South Wales (1981–89), Chief of the Air Staff (1975–79)
Shepherd, GeoffGeoff Shepherd 1952
Chief of Air Force (2005–08), Air Commander Australia (2003–05)
Williams, Sir RichardSir Richard Williams 1890 1980 Director-General of Civil Aviation (1946–55), Air Officer Commanding Overseas Headquarters (1941–42), Chief of the Air Staff (1922; 1925–32; 1934–39)

Air vice marshals[edit]

A black shoulder board with the word "AUSTRALIA" across the bottom. Above the word is a thick, blue horizontal stripe, with a thinner blue horizontal stripe above that.
An Australian air vice marshal's rank insignia

  This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the air vice marshal is still a serving member of the RAAF.
  This along with the + (plus) indicates that the officer retired with the hononary rank of air vice marshal.

A dash (—) in the "Died" column indicates that the person is still living.

The first Royal Australian Air Force air vice marshal was Richard Williams in 1935;[4] he was followed by Stanley Goble—Williams' successor all three times he held the position of Chief of the Air Staff—two years later.[14] Frank McNamara, the first Australian aviator to be decorated with the Victoria Cross, also resides among the ranks of RAAF air vice marshals. McNamara was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1917 during the First World War while serving with the Australian Flying Corps, the Australian Army's air branch and predecessor of the RAAF; he was made an air vice marshal in 1942.[3][15] As of December 2015, three women have reached air vice marshal rank: Julie Hammer, the first female to obtain one-star rank in the ADF on promotion to air commodore in 1999, was the first to achieve two-star rank when advanced to air vice marshal in 2003;[16][17] Margaret Staib was promoted in 2010 on appointment as Commander Joint Logistics;[18] while Tracy Smart made air vice marshal on appointment as Commander Joint Health in 2015.

Air vice marshals of the Royal Australian Air Force are as follows:[19][20]

Name Born Died Senior command(s) and notes
Acton, HenryHenry Acton 1902 1971 Air Member for Supply and Equipment (1956–60)
Adams, JohnJohn Adams 1922 1990 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1978–80)
Anderson, WilliamWilliam Anderson+ 1891 1975 Air Officer Commanding Eastern Area (1942–43), Air Officer Commanding Central Area (1940–41), Chief of the Air Staff (1940)
Austin, TonyTony Austin 1953
Head Defence Health Services (2005–08), Director-General Defence Health Services (2002–05)
Barnes, FrederickFrederick Barnes 1924
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1979–81)
Bartholomeusz, HughHugh Bartholomeusz* 1953
Surgeon General Australian Defence Force Reserves (2011–)
Beck, GaryGary Beck 1942
Commandant, Australian Defence Force Academy (1996–97), Air Commander Australia (1992–96)
Blackburn, JohnJohn Blackburn 1956
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (2005–08)
Bladin, FrankFrank Bladin 1898 1978 Air Officer Commanding Eastern Area (1947–48), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1944–46), Air Officer Commanding North-Western Area (1942–43)
Bomball, RichardRichard Bomball 1937
Commandant, Australian Defence Force Academy (1990–93)
Bostock, WilliamWilliam Bostock 1892 1968 Federal Member for Indi (1949–58), Air Officer Commanding RAAF Command (1942–45), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1939–42)
Bradford, RichardRichard Bradford 1936 2001 Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1987–90)
Cameron, DouglasDouglas Cameron 1930
Director-General Policy and Plans (1981–84)
Candy, DouglasDouglas Candy 1912 1985 Air Officer Commanding Home Command (1958–59), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1956–58)
Carroll, ErnestErnest Carroll 1925 2010 Chief of Supply (1980–82)
Charlesworth, AlanAlan Charlesworth+ 1903 1978 Air Officer Commanding Overseas Headquarters (1954–55), Air Officer Commanding North-Western Area (1944–46), Air Officer Commanding Eastern Area (1943–44)
Clarke, KerryKerry Clarke 1948
Head, Capability Systems Division (2002–05)
Cleary, ColinColin Cleary 1913 1995 Air Member for Supply and Equipment (1968–73)
Cole, AdrianAdrian Cole+ 1895 1966 Air Member for Personnel (1944–45), Air Officer Commanding North-Western Area (1943–44), Air Officer Commanding Southern Area (1940–41)
Collings, BillieBillie Collings 1932
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1985–87)
Collins, WilliamWilliam Collins 1939
Air Officer Commanding Logistics Command (1990–93)
Crompton, LyndonLyndon Crompton 1922 2004 Chief of Air Force Technical Services (1975–1979)
Conroy, RaymondRaymond Conroy 1947
Head Aerospace Systems Division (1990–91)
Cornish, JohnJohn Cornish 1922
Chief of Air Force Materiel (1975–79)
Cox, FranklinFranklin Cox 1941
Assistant Chief of the Defence Force (Personnel) (1994–97)
Creal, DenisDenis Creal 1903 1993 Air Member for Supply and Equipment (1960–64)
Criss, PeterPeter Criss 1949
Air Commander Australia (1999–00)
Daley, EdwardEdward Daley 1901 1985 Director-General RAAF Medical Services (1945–61), Director Medical Services (1943–45)
Deeble, ChrisChris Deeble* 1957
Program Manager for the Joint Strike Fighter Division (2014–), Program Manager, Airborne Early Warning and Control (2006–14)
Dietz, JosephJoseph Dietz 1929 1985 Chief of Air Force Technical Services (1981–85)
Douglas, DesmondDesmond Douglas 1917 1980 Australian Defence Representative in Washington D.C. (1970–74)
Dunlop, DavidDavid Dunlop 1949
Director-General Defence Force Cadets (2003–05), Director-General Reserves (2002–03)
Eaton, BrianBrian Eaton 1916 1982 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1973), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1966–67)
Espeland, BrentonBrenton Espeland 1948
Advisor to Sydney 2000 Summer Olympic Games Coordination Task Force (1999–01), Deputy Chief of Air Force (1998–99), Air Officer Commanding Training Command (1995–98)
Evans, GregGreg Evans 1957
Deputy Chief of Joint Operations (2008–09), Commander Joint Task Force 633 (2004–05)
Flemming, JamesJames Flemming 1926
Director, Australian War Memorial (1982–87)
Frost, RoyRoy Frost 1930 2001 Chief of Air Force Materiel (1982–83)
Gibson, WilliamWilliam Gibson+ 1915 1977 Commander, RAAF Forces Vietnam (1967–68)
Goble, StanleyStanley Goble 1891 1948 Chief of the Air Staff (1922–25; 1932–34; 1939–40)
Gordon, LeighLeigh Gordon* 19??
Head Aerospace Systems (2013–)
Graf, BrianBrian Graf 1937
Director-General Technical Plans (1987–88)
Gray, NormanNorman Gray 1952
Chief Executive Officer, Defence Materiel Organisation (2004–05)
Hammer, JulieJulie Hammer 1955
National President, Engineers Australia (2007–08), Commandant, Australian Defence Force Academy (2001–03). First female to be promoted air commodore and air vice marshal in RAAF; first female promoted to two-star rank in ADF.
Hart, NeilNeil Hart* 1963
Head Joint Capability Coordination (2012–), Deputy Chief of Air Force (2011)
Hartnell, GeoffreyGeoffrey Hartnell 1916 1981 Director Joint Service Plans (1966–68)
Headlam, FrankFrank Headlam 1914 1976 Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1965–66)
Heggen, AlanAlan Heggen 1932
Chief of Logistics Development (1988–89)
Helsham, MichaelMichael Helsham 1921 2002 Judge Advocate-General RAAF (1969–84)
Hely, WilliamWilliam Hely 1909 1970 Air Officer Commanding Training Command (1956–57), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1953–55), Air Officer Commanding Western Area (1951–53)
Henman, WilliamWilliam Henman*
Commander Integrated Area Defence System, Malaysia (2014–)
Hennock, KeithKeith Hennock 1918 1999 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1967–69)
Hewitt, JoeJoe Hewitt 1901 1985 No. 9 Operational Group RAAF (1943)
Hey, ErnestErnest Hey 1912 2006 Air Member for Technical Services (1960–72)
Hingston, ColinColin Hingston 1949
Head Business Information Systems (2000–02)
Holten, LeslieLeslie Holten 1916 2006 Air Member for Supply and Equipment (1973–75)
Hughes, HenryHenry Hughes 1928 2005 Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1981–83)
Hupfeld, MelMel Hupfeld* 1962
Head Capability Systems (2014–), Air Commander Australia (2012–14), Commander Air Combat Group (2008–11)
Hurditch, DouglasDouglas Hurditch 1921
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1974–75)
Hurley, Sir VictorSir Victor Hurley 1888 1958 Director-General Medical Services RAAF (1942–45)
Innes, TimTim Innes* 1960
Commander Joint Task Force 633 (2016–)
Jordan, JohnJohn Jordan 1923
Air Member for Personnel (1975–76)
Kindler, JohnJohn Kindler 1946
Air Commander Australia (2000–03)
Law, RussellRussell Law 1928
Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1981–84)
Lessels, JohnJohn Lessels 1930 1999 Director-General Natural Disasters Organisation (1984–87)
Ludwig, WarrenWarren Ludwig 1960
Commander Integrated Area Defence System, Malaysia (2010–14)
Lush, JohnJohn Lush+ 1915 1977 Air Officer Commanding Support Command (1969–70), Commander, RAAF Forces Vietnam (1967–68)
Mackinolty, GeorgeGeorge Mackinolty 1895 1951 Air Member for Supply and Equipment (1942–51)
McLachlan, IanIan McLachlan 1911 1991 Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1959–61), Air Officer Commanding Training Command (1957–59)
McLennan, RoxleyRoxley McLennan 1950
Deputy Chief of Air Force (2004–05), Commander Integrated Area Defence System, Malaysia (2002–04), Commander Air Lift Group (1998–00)
McNamara, FrankFrank McNamara+ 1894 1961 Air Officer Commanding British Forces Aden (1942–45), Air Officer Commanding Overseas Headquarters (1942). First Australian aviator to receive the Victoria Cross.
Marsh, AnthonyAnthony Marsh 1915 1994 Director-General Medical Services RAAF (1967–71)
McDonald, WarenWaren McDonald*
Deputy Chief of Air Force (2015–)
Miller, MichaelMichael Miller 1935 2016 Surgeon-General Australian Defence Force (1990–92), Director General Air Force Health Services (1987–90)
Moller, GraemeGraeme Moller 1943
Surgeon-General Australian Defence Force (1996–98), Director General Air Force Health Services (1990–93)
Monaghan, JohnJohn Monaghan 1954
Head, Aerospace Systems Division (2002–04)
Morgan, DavidDavid Morgan 1920 1995 Director-General RAAF Medical Services (1971–80)
Neil, GrahamGraham Neil 1937
Director-General Policy and Plans (1987–89)
Newstead, GeoffreyGeoffrey Newstead 1920 2004 Air Officer Commanding Support Command (1973–77), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1972–73), Commander, RAAF Forces Vietnam (1968–69)
Nicholson, AlastairAlastair Nicholson 1938
Judge Advocate-General Australian Defence Force (1987–92), Judge Advocate General RAAF (1983–85)
Nicholson, PeterPeter Nicholson 1946
Air Commander Australia (1996–98)
Noble, RodneyRodney Noble 1921 1995 Chief of Air Force Technical Services (1979–81)
O'Brien, ThomasThomas O'Brien 1939
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1990–93)
O'Loghlin, BrendanBrendan O'Loghlin 1944
Air Officer Commanding Training Command (1994–95)
Osley, KymKym Osley 1959
Program Manager, New Air Combat Capability (2011–14), Head of Australian Defence Staff, Washington D.C. (2008–11), Commander Air Combat Group (2007–08)
Parker, HaroldHarold Parker 1924 2006 Director-General Air Force Operations and PLans (1976–77)
Parker, IanIan Parker 1923 1985 Chief of Air Force Personnel (1976–79)
Paule, JohnJohn Paule 1932
Director-General Air Force Manpower (1985–87)
Paule, KevinKevin Paule 1959
Head of Military Strategic Commitments (2010–13), Commander Air Force Training Group (2006–07)
Plenty, JackJack Plenty 1956
Head Capability Systems (2008–12), Commander Air Lift Group (2007–08)
Quaife, JohnJohn Quaife 1955
Head Capability Systems (2007–08), Air Commander Australia (2005–07), Commander Air Combat Group (2002–04)
Radford, EdwardEdward Radford 1935
Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1990), Air Commander Australia (1985–1990)
Reed, AlanAlan Reed 1933
Air Officer Commanding Logistics Command (1987–90)
Reed, GlenGlen Reed 1937
Director-General Air Force Health Services (1984–87)
Reynolds, BernardBernard Reynolds 1931 1986 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1984–85)
Richardson, RobertRobert Richardson 1941
Deputy Chief of Air Force (1997), Air Officer Commanding Training Command (1992–93)
Richardson, TrevorTrevor Richardson 1938
Commander Tactical Fighter Group (1988–90)
Ridgway, MichaelMichael Ridgway 1928 2011 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1980–81)
Robey, FrederickFrederick Robey 1921 1995 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1974–78), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1973–74), Commander, RAAF Forces Vietnam (1969–70)
Rogers, DavidDavid Rogers 1943
Head of Capability Development (1997–98), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1994–97)
Roser, HansjorgHansjorg Roser 1937
Director-General RAAF Tactical Fighter Project (1992–96)
Rossiter, CliveClive Rossiter 1955
Head Aerospace Systems Division (2005–08)
Scully, PeterPeter Scully 1934
Air Officer Commanding Support Command (1983–86)
Short, BruceBruce Short 1942
Surgeon-General Australian Defence Force (2001–05)
Simmonds, WilliamWilliam Simmonds 1930
Chief of Air Force Operations and Plans (1985–87)
Skidmore, MarkMark Skidmore 1959
Air Commander Australia (2008–12)
Smart, TracyTracy Smart*
Commander Joint Health (2015–)
Smith, NeilNeil Smith 1945
Air Officer Commanding Support Command (1997–00)
Smith, IanIan Smith* 1953
Head Strategic Reform and Governance (2010–)
Spence, ChristopherChristopher Spence 1951
Commander Joint Logistics (2004–06), Deputy Chief of Air Force (2001–04)
Staib, MargaretMargaret Staib 1962
CEO of Airservices Australia (2012–2015), Commander Joint Logistics (2010–12), Commandant, Australian Defence Force Academy (2009)
Stephenson, EricEric Stephenson 1922
Director-General Air Force Health Services (1980–84)
Susans, RonaldRonald Susans 1917 1992 Director-General Operational Requirements (1966–69)
Sutherland, IanIan Sutherland 1931
Chief of Air Force Technical Services (1985–89)
Thorne, ColinColin Thorne 1963
Head Aerospace Systems (2008–13)
Tidd, DonaldDonald Tidd 1939
Assistant Chief of the Defence Force (Logistics) (1993–95)
Titheridge, AlanAlan Titheridge 1946
Deputy Chief of Air Force (1999–01), Air Commander Australia (1998–99)
Townsend, WilliamWilliam Townsend 1916 1987 Air Officer Commanding Operational Command (1969–73), Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (1967–69)
Trebilco, RaymondRaymond Trebilco 1926 1998 Air Officer Commanding Support Command (1979–80)
Treloar, RobertRobert Treloar 1946
Commander Australian Theatre (1999–01)
Trudinger, LawrenceLawrence Trudinger 1915 1985 Director-General Medical Services RAAF (1963–67)
Tuckwell, KennethKenneth Tuckwell 1935
Director-General Air Force Operations (1981–82; 1987–88)
Turnbull, GavinGavin Turnbull*
Air Commander Australia (2014–)
Wackett, EllisEllis Wackett 1901 1984 Air Member for Technical Services (1942–59)
Walters, AllanAllan Walters 1905 1968 Air Officer Commanding Support Command (1959–62), Air Officer Commanding Home Command (1954–57)
Watson, KennethKenneth Watson*
Commander Northern Command (c.2012–13)
Weller, ElliottElliott Weller 1941
Air Officer Commanding Logistics Command (1995–97)
Weston, BrianBrian Weston 1945
Assistant Chief of the Defence Force (Operations) (1995–97)
White, RobertRobert White 1926 1998 Chief of Supply (1975–80)
Wrigley, HenryHenry Wrigley+ 1892 1987 Air Officer Commanding Overseas Headquarters (1942–46)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gillison 1962, p. 16
  2. ^ MacDougall 2007, p. 158
  3. ^ a b Newton 1996, p. 15
  4. ^ a b c "Air Marshal Richard Williams, KBE, CB, DSO". People profiles. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Air Marshal Sir Richard Williams". History. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Clark, Chris (19 May 2005). "Air Force Defence chiefs of the past". Air Force News. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Air Marshals of the RAAF". Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "Hononary Air Vice Marshals". Air Marshals of the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Rayner 1992, pp. 298–299
  10. ^ "Air Chief Marshals". Air Marshals of the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  11. ^ Gillison 1962, p. 93
  12. ^ "Chief of Air Force – Air Marshal Leo Davies". Leaders. Royal Australian Air Force. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Air Marshals". Air Marshals of the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  14. ^ McCarthy, John (1983). "Goble, Stanley James (1891–1948)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  15. ^ Staunton 2005, pp. 47–49
  16. ^ "Chief of the Defence Force Announces Two Air Force Promotions". Defence Media Release (4 July 2003). Department of Defence. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  17. ^ "Women in Air Force". History. Royal Australia Air Force. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  18. ^ "Commander Joint Logistics". Defence Leaders. Department of Defence. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  19. ^ "Air Vice Marshals A–K". Air Marshals of the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  20. ^ "Air Vice Marshals L–Z". Air Marshals of the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 

References[edit]