List of Royal Enfield motorcycles
list of motorcycles produced under the Royal Enfield brand' by the original company, Enfield Manufacturing Company Ltd of Redditch, UK, and its later incarnations, including the current company Royal Enfield Motors of Chennai, India:
|Quadricycle||1898||Prototype. Production of De Dion powered tricycles and quadricycles started in 1899|
|First Motorcycle||MAG or JAP||1901||Used Swiss MAG or British J.A.P. engine|
|Model 180||770 cc||With V-twin JAP engine|
Inter War Years
|Model A||225 cc||1930||Two-stroke single|
|Model B||225 cc||1930||Side-valve single|
|Model C, F, G||346 cc||1930||Side-valve single|
|Model CO||346 cc||1930||Overhead-valve single|
|Model D, H, HA||488 cc||1930||Side-valve single|
|Model E, J, JA||488 cc||1930||Overhead-valve single|
|Model K||976 cc||1930||Side-valve V- twin|
|Model KX||1,140 cc||1937||Side-valve V- twin|
|Bullet||346 cc||1948||Overhead-valve single with alloy head was derived from Model G. First use of now-famous Bullet name.|
|WD/RE||125 cc||Known as the "Flying Flea". Two-stroke single based on DKW RT. Used extensively in WW2 to jump with parachutes.
Royal Enfield Ensign, A two stroke of 148cc displacement and spring frame rear suspension, telescopic front forks, introduced in 1952/3.
|WD/D||246 cc||Side-valve single
Widely used for message delivery.
|WD/C||346 cc||Side-valve single.
Based on the prewar 350 cc side-valve bike, this model was supplied in large numbers to various military services and countries around the world, from 1939 to 1941. Postwar, many reconditioned bikes appeared on the civilian market.
|WD/CO||346 cc||Overhead-valve single
A request by the Army to Royal Enfields for more power saw the overhead Model WD/CO appear, to replace the WD/C Model. This model was supplied in very large numbers 1941–44 to many services and countries around the world. Postwar, many reconditioned bikes appeared on the civilian market.
|WD/G||346 cc||Overhead-valve single
Supplied in small numbers.
|WD/L||570 cc||Side-valve single
Supplied in small numbers.
|WD/J2||499 cc||Overhead-valve single
Supplied in small numbers.
|Royal Enfield Model CO 350||350 cc ohv single||1946–1947||A rigid-framed girder-fork model from prewar, put back into production briefly postwar to fill a need for transport.|
|Royal Enfield Model G 350||350 cc ohv single||1946–1954||A rigid framed model with the new telescopic front fork, as modest priced basic transport it sold well.|
|Royal Enfield Model J 500||500 cc ohv single||1946–1947||A rigid framed telescopic fork model, it offered a bigger engine than the almost identical looking Model G 350 cc.|
|Royal Enfield Model J2 500||500 cc ohv single twin port||1947–1954||A rigid framed telescopic fork model, it offered a flashy twinport exhaust system - twin exhaust pipes one each side of the bike.|
|Bullet 350||350 cc single||1948–1960||ISDT winner, and very widely used roadbike with swingarm rear suspension.
Amongst the first to be so equipped. (Read the main article Royal Enfield Bullet)
|Bullet 500||500 cc single||1953–1962||(Read the main article Royal Enfield Bullet)|
|Fury||500 cc/600 cc single||1958–1963||Competition model built for US flat track competition market; it was essentially a Bullet 500 bottom end with a substantially larger cylinder head with integrated rocker box, larger ports and valves. The bike was nicknamed "Big Head". Came with 1.5" Amal GP carburetor and Lucas Racing Magneto. 193 ever made. One 600 cc prototype was made and sold per factory records. A "Big Head" bullet was sold in the UK concurrently for the civilian market with a smaller inlet valve and Amal Monobloc carburetor.|
|Meteor Minor||500 cc twin||1951–1960||First twin-cylinder postwar motorcycle. Parallel twin housed in the same swing arm frame as the singles.|
|Super Meteor||700 cc twin||1953–1962||40 bhp touring model|
|Constellation||700 cc twin||1958-1963||Originally with 52 bhp with "R" cams and single TT carb for 1958 & 59 and twin carbs for 1960 to 62; Weak bottom end proved unreliable & progressively detuned to 40 bhp to make it more reliable. Unique scissor-action clutch operation. For 1961 & 62 a "bathtub" model with a unique fiberglass rear end was also sold.|
|700 Interceptor||700 cc twin||1960||163 ever made; all were exported to North America; Engine code starts with VAX.|
|750 Interceptor||736 cc twin||1962–1970||Series 1, Series 1A, Series 2 (with wet sump lubrication)|
Indian-branded Royal Enfields (sold in USA from 1955 to 1960)
|Indian Chief||700 cc twin||1958–1961||Longest wheelbase of any postwar Royal Enfield; single Monobloc carb; distributor ignition; 16" wheels; Albion heavy-duty gearbox with AM prefix. Earlier bikes had Super Meteor spec Engine; but later bikes came with Constellation spec engine. This is the only bike that was not replaced with an AMC model when AMC took over Indian in 1960.|
|Indian Trailblazer||700 cc twin||1955–1959||19" wheels. Single carb and dual carb, valanced fenders. Engine had Super Meteor spec|
|Apache||700 cc twin||1957–1959||Constellation spec engine. Single TT carb on most models. Slim alloy fenders. Quick Detach Headlights. Sportiest of all Enfield based Indians.|
|Tomahawk||500 cc twin||1955–1959||19" wheels, Meteor Minor engine specs. Early casquette debuted in 1954. Earlier bikes had the pre 1955 frame.|
|Woodsman||500 cc single||1955–1959||Same as 500 cc Bullet with high pipes and big 5" speedo. Sold as a competition bike.|
|Westerner||500 cc single||1957–1958||Competition version of the Woodsman with low open pipes, Amal TT carburetor and racing magneto, no lights and speedometer. Very few were made.|
|Patrol Car||346 cc single||1957–1959||3-speed gearbox with provision for a reverse gear. Hand shifter. Some models had 16-inch tires all around and some others had 19-inch front and 16-inch rear.|
|Fire Arrow & Hounds Arrow||248 cc single||1957–1959||Earlier models were semi-unit Clipper engine; later models had 248 cc unit single engine|
|Lance Arrow||148 cc single||1957–1959||Two-stroke engine. Most were painted yellow from the factory. Not very many were imported.|
Enfield India Ltd. 1955 onwards
Enfield India was renamed to Royal Enfield Motors in 1995.
|Ensign||150 cc||1956–1962||150 cc two-stroke engine|
|Sherpa/Crusader||175 cc||1963–1980||Motorcycle with a two-stroke 175 cc Villiers engine. Sherpa was rechristened Crusader after a restyling job in 1970.|
|Mini Bullet||200 cc||1980–1983||Motorcycle with an enlarged 200 cc Crusader engine. It was a favorite amongst racing enthusiasts in India.|
|Fantabulus||175 cc||1962–197?||Scooter with a two-stroke 173 cc Villiers engine and heel/toe gearshift. First Indian made bi-wheeler to have an electric starter. It used a Dynastart system.|
|Fury||163 cc||1988–1995?||It was a licensed copy of the Zundapp KS 175. It was the first motorcycle in India to sport a disc brake. Wheels were cast alloy and front end sported 35 mm Paioli forks. Later model was called Grand Prix. Rare DW175 model came with drum brakes, both front and back.|
|Explorer||50 cc||198?–199?||Air-cooled version of the Zundapp KS50 with 3-speed gearbox|
|Silver Plus||50 cc||198?–199?||Step thru moped with kick start and hand gear shift. Based on Zundapp ZS/ZX 50 models.|
|MOFA||22 cc||198?–199?||Mini moped designed by Morbidelli of Italy to manufacture in India. The 22 cc two-stroke engine had a centrifugal clutch and the fuel was carried in the frame down tube.|
|Lightning||535 cc||198?–2003||Cruiser style motorcycle with 535 cc (87 mm bore) based on Fritz Egli tuned Bullets. Hi-volume oil pumps, 4-speed gearbox and two tone paint. Indian Market only model. Also available with electric start. A rare 350 cc model was also sold for some time.|
|Diesel/Taurus||312 cc||1993–2001||Diesel motorcycle with a 312 cc 6.5 bhp Lombardini diesel engine, and 3.5 hp version, Gearbox was beefed up to withstand increased torque. Taurus came with heavy-duty luggage rack for vending jobs.|
|Machismo||346 cc/499 cc||198?–2009||Introduced with the classic 350 cc Bullet engine with 4-speed gearbox; it later attained the AVL lean burn engine and eventually a 5-speed gearbox. Later, LB500 model came with the 500 cc AVL lean burn engine. Sheet metal and trim had slight variations depending on the year. Indian market only model.|
|Bullet 350||346 cc||1955–present||Originally started manufacturing in 1955 with 350 cc iron-barrel engine and 4-speed Albion gearbox. Bullet Continental sold in USA in 1990s with left shift 4-speed gearbox. Attained the Unit Construction Engine in May 2010. Many submodels introduced during its lifespan like Bullet Superstar. In 2010, the classic iron-barrel engine was replaced with the 350 cc UCE engine. Bullet 350 is the cheapest of all the Royal Enfield models and is devoid of an electric starter, front disc brake, gas filled shocks etc. Only available in black with gold pinstripes|
|Bullet 500||499 cc||1990–present||500 cc Bullet with classic iron-barrel engine. Sold in different variations with both 4-speed and 5-speed gearboxes(Sixty-5). Sold worldwide. In 2009, classic Bullet 500 production has come to an end; But the Classic 500 with the fuel-injected UCE engine is sold as Bullet 500 in almost all international markets.|
|Electra||346 cc||2001–present||Indian market only model with 346 cc classic engine. 4-speed or 5-speed gearbox. Later models with electric start and TCI ignition. Attained the UCE engine in 2010 and is now known as Electra Twinspark.|
|Electra-X||499 cc||200?–present||Export only model with 500 cc AVL lean-burn engine and 5-speed gearbox. Attained UCE engine in 2009|
|Thunderbird 350||346 cc||2002–present||Cruiser style motorcycle that was a big hit to command almost half the domestic sales. Attained Euro-4 compliant Unit Construction Engine(UCE) in 2008 and was rechristened Thunderbird Twinspark. In 2013 it underwent a major facelift introducing digital speedometer and fuel gauge along with projector headlamps. Indian Market only model.|
|Classic 500||499 cc||2010–present||With Euro-4 compliant Unit Construction engine. Both Indian and International markets. Sold as Bullet 500 in most International markets. Fuel injection and 18-inch wheels. ES only.|
|Classic 350||346 cc||2010–present||With Euro-4 compliant Unit Construction engine. Indian market only. UCAL\BS29 carburettor.|
|Classic Chrome||499 cc||2010–present||Variant of the 500 cc Classic with prominent chrome body elements.|
|Desert Storm||499 cc||2010–present||Variant of the 500 cc Classic with Brown Sand colour.|
|Squadron Blue||499 cc||2016–present||Variant of the 500 cc Classic with Squadron Blue colour.|
|Fury||499 cc||2011–2012||A flat-track style version of the 500cc Bullet Electra EFI, sold exclusively in the UK by importer Watsonian Squire. Watsonian Squire announced that it was ceasing distribution of all Royal Enfield motorcycles in 2013.|
|Thunderbird 500||499 cc||2013–present||500 cc variant of the Thunderbird. Fuel injection, digital console, electronic fuel gauge, projector headlamps and 18-inch wheels. Currently the flagship model of Royal Enfield India.|
|Thunderbird 350||346 cc||2013–present||350 cc variant of the Thunderbird. Digital console, electronic fuel gauge, projector headlamps and 18-inch wheels. Currently the flagship model of Royal Enfield India.|
|Forest Green/Black 500||499 cc||2013–present||Model with 500cc engine. 5-speed gearbox. Electric start and TCI ignition. Attained the UCE engine in 2013 and is now known as Forest Green/Black.|
|Continental GT||535 cc||2014–present||Cafe Racer styling. Fuel injection. Brembo 300 mm front disc brake. Pirelli Sports Demon tyres. Double cradle frame, Paioli gas-charged shock absorbers with adjustable preload, 80mm travel. Semi-digital console, electronic fuel gauge. Developed by Harris Performance.|
|Himalayan||411 cc||2016–present||Entry level dual-purpose adventure bike. All-new engine, 411 cc, LS410. 5-speed constant mesh transmission. Front/rear disc brakes.|
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- Walker, Mick (2003). Royal Enfield- The complete Story. Berkshire: D&N. ISBN 1-86126-563-8.
- Hartley, Peter (1981). The Story of Royal Enfield Motorcycles. England: Manuset Ltd. ISBN 0-85059-467-7.
- Bacon, Roy (2000). Royal Enfield- The Postwar Models. England: Niton. ISBN 185579019X.
- "Enfield Indians". Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- Marmar, Shubhabrata; Sadhale, Shreenand (13 June 2005). "Bajaj Avenger vs RE Thunderbird vs Yamaha Enticer". Business Standard Motoring Online. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- Nigam, Abhishek (29 December 2008). "RE Thunderbird Twinspark: Sparks Re-ignited". ZigWheels.com. Girnar Software. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- "Flat track inspired Royal Enfield". Visordown. Immediate Media Company Ltd. 25 November 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "Fury back in production". Watsonian Squire Ltd. 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- "Royal Enfield parts sold to Hitchcocks". Watsonian Squire Ltd. 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Hekmat, Arash (28 February 2013). "Royal Enfield loses its last UK distributor". MotorbikeTimes. Retrieved 15 March 2014.