List of Russian flags

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This is a list of flags used in Russia.

National flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Russia.svg 1993–present State flag of Russia A tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal fields, white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom. Used as a commercial and civil maritime ensign from the 1690s (allegedly from 1668) on. Since 1700, tricolor has been used as the flag of the Tsar of Moscow by Peter the Great. Also this flag was a national trade and it was raised on Russian merchant ships.[1] It existed before the introduction in 1858 of a black-yellow-white tricolor. Since 1896, it again became the national flag of the Russian Empire.[2][3] It was also used by the Russian state during the Civil War in Russia.

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.svg Flag of the Ministry of Defence
Flag of the Russian Federation Ground Forces.svg Flag of the Russian Ground Forces
Naval Ensign of Russia.svg 1712–1917 Ensign of the imperial Russian Navy A dark blue saltire on a white field. The so-called Andreevskiy (St. Andrew's) flag was inspired by the flag of Scotland and was designed by Peter the Great in need of a naval flag for the newly created Russian Navy.
2000–present Ensign of the modern day Russian Navy The ensign of the imperial Russian Navy was revived in 2000 for usage in the modern day Russian Navy. The previous variant of the ensign was revived in 1992, but in a light blue color that did not conform to the historical specifications of the original. It was finally decided on December 29, 2000, to update all existing flags to the original dark blue, rather than the light blue.
Flag of the Russian Air Force.svg Flag of the Russian Air Force
Naval Jack of Russia.svg Jack of the Russian Navy The Ensign of the Russian Navy superimposed on a white cross on a red field
Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops.svg Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops A bicolour of horizontal stripes, blue and green defaced with the Russian Airborne Troops emblem
Flag of Strategic Rocket Forces of Russia.svg Flag of the Strategic Rocket Forces
Flag of National Guard of Russia.png 2016–present Flag of the National Guard of Russia
Flag of Internal Troops of Russia.png 2015–present Flag of the Internal Troops of Russia
Soviet Znamya Pobedy.svg 1945–present Banner of Victory (historical battle flag) The Banner of Victory raised on the Reichstag in 1945. Replicas of the Victory Banner can be used alongside the national flag on Victory Day.
Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg 2003–present Banner of the Armed forces of the Russian Federation The Banner of the Armed Forces of Russian Federation consists of two double-headed eagles, on the reverse side is the coat of arms of the Russian Federation, and on the obverse side is the emblem of the armed forces of the Russian Federation. The banner follows the principles and format of historically older Russian military flags that were last used prior to the Russian Revolution in 1917. It also contains four stars in each corner of the banner to symbolize the heritage of the Soviet Armed Forces. The obverse side also contains two pieces of text written in old style Slavic font, the top side of the banner contains the inscription "Fatherland" ("Отечество") and on the bottom side the inscription reads "Debt of Honor" ("Долг Честь")[4]

Defunct flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Russia Victory Commemorative Flag.svg 1996–2007 Commemorative flag The Victory Banner. It had a status similar to that of the national flag, and could be used alongside the national flag on national holidays.
Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (2000-2003).svg 2000–2003 Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation The banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation was a plain red field, it symbolized the traditional red color of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union.

Non-military security forces[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations.svg 1992–present Flag of Ministry of Emergency Situations
Flag of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations (departmental).svg 1992–present Departmental Flag of Ministry of Emergency Situations
Flag of Border Troops of Russia.svg 2003–present Flag of Border Service of the Federal Security Service
Russian Border Guard.svg 2008–present Ensign of Russian Coast Guard

Flags of republics within Russia[edit]

Flags of Russian oblasts[edit]

Flags of Russian cities[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Astrakhan.png 1997–present Flag of Astrakhan
Flag of Barnaul.svg 1995–present Flag of Barnaul The arms of the city of Barnaul on a blue background.
Flag of Chelyabinsk.svg 2002–present Flag of Chelyabinsk
Flag of Cherepovets (Vologda oblast).svg 2002–present Flag of Cherepovets A blue pall on a golden background.
Flag of Irkutsk (Irkutsk oblast).svg 1996–present Flag of Irkutsk
Flag of Ivanovo (Ivanovo oblast).png 2003–present Flag of Ivanovo
Flag of Izhevsk (Udmurtia).svg 2000–present Flag of Izhevsk
Kaliningrad flag.PNG 1996–present Flag of Kaliningrad
Flag of Kaluga.png 2000–present Flag of Kaluga
Flag of Kazan (Tatarstan).png 2004–present Flag of Kazan
Flag of Kirov (Kirov oblast).png 2010–present Flag of Kirov
Flag of Krasnodar (Krasnodar krai) (2006).png 2006–present Flag of Krasnodar
Flag of Krasnoyarsk (Krasnoyarsk krai).png Flag of Krasnoyarsk
Vlag Koersk.gif 2000–present Flag of Kursk
Flag of Lipetsk.png 1997–present Flag of Lipetsk
Flag of Magnitogorsk (Chelyabinsk oblast).svg Flag of Magnitogorsk
Flag of Moscow.svg 1995–present Flag of Moscow
Flag of Nizhny Novgorod.svg 2006–present Flag of Nizhny Novgorod
Flag of Nizhny Tagil (Sverdlovsk oblast).png 2006–present Flag of Nizhny Tagil
Flag of Norilsk (Krasnoyarsk kray).png Flag of Norilsk
Flag of Novokuznetsk (Kemerovo oblast) (celebratory).png Flag of Novokuznetsk
Novosibirsk-city flag.svg Flag of Novosibirsk
Flag of Omsk.svg Flag of Omsk
Flag of Orenburg.png Flag of Orenburg
Flag of Oryol (city).svg Flag of Oryol
Flag of Perm.svg Flag of Perm
Flag of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Kamchatka krai).png Flag of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Flag of Petrozavodsk (Karelia).png Flag of Petrozavodsk
Flag of Pskov (Pskov oblast).png Flag of Pskov
Rostov-na-Donu flag.svg Flag of Rostov-on-Don
Flag of Ryazan (Ryazan oblast).png Flag of Ryazan
Flag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg 1992–present Flag of St Petersburg
Flag of Samara.svg Flag of Samara
Flag of Saratov.svg Flag of Saratov
Flag of Sergiev Posad (Moscow oblast).png Flag of Sergiyev Posad
Flag of Stavropol.svg Flag of Stavropol
Flag of Sochi (Krasnodar krai).png Flag of Sochi
Flag of Suzdal (Vladimir oblast).png Flag of Suzdal
Flag of Togliatti (Samara oblast).png Flag of Tolyatti
Tomsk city flag.png Flag of Tomsk
Flag of Tula.png Flag of Tula
Flag of Tver.png Flag of Tver
Flag of Ufa.svg Flag of Ufa
Flag of Ulan-Ude (Buryatia).png Flag of Ulan-Ude
Flag of Ulyanovsk.svg Flag of Ulyanovsk A vertical triband of blue, white, and blue, with a golden crown in the middle of the white stripe.
Flag of Veliky Novgorod.png Flag of Veliky Novgorod
Flag of Vladimir.png Flag of Vladimir
Flag of Vladivostok (Primorsky kray).png Flag of Vladivostok
Flag of Volgograd.svg 1999–present Flag of Volgograd The arms of the city of Volgograd on a red background.
Flag of Vologda.png Flag of Vologda
Flag of Voronezh.png Flag of Voronezh
Yakutsk flag.png Flag of Yakutsk
Flag of Yaroslavl.png 1996–present Flag of Yaroslavl The arms of the city of Yaroslavl on a blue background.
Flag of Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk oblast).svg Flag of Yekaterinburg

Historical flags of Russia[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Russia (1668-1693).svg 1668–1693 Flag of the ship Oryol First navy flag of the Tsardom of Russia
Flag of Oryol (variant).svg 1693–1700 Flag of the Tsar of Russia
Flag of Russia.svg 1705–1917 Merchant flag of Russia Peter the Great's tricolour was the merchant flag (civil ensign) of Russia. As the oldest civil flag to represent Russia, it was later adopted as the national flag representing the country rather than the Tsar. However, the flags used by the Russian Army were regimental flags with the Double-Headed Eagle, the official Imperial symbol, in the centre. The Imperial Standard was the black Double-Headed Eagle displayed on a golden banner, represented the Tsar, the absolute ruler of the Russian Empire. It was used since 1697, but officially adopted in 1705.[5] When the black-yellow-white flag was in use between 1858 and 1883, the red-blue-white flag was still used as a civil ensign.[5]
Flag of the Russian Empire (black-yellow-white).svg 1858–1883
(limited use until 1896)
First official State Flag of the Russian Empire and Flag for "Celebrations"[6][7][8][9][10] On June 11, 1858, by the decree of Alexander II, the heraldic colors of the empire were approved for flags, banners and other items (draperies, rosettes, etc.). It became the national flag in 1865. It was replaced by the previous flag in 1883, but still saw limited use until 1896.[5]
Flag of Russian Empire (1914-1917).svg 1914–1917 Flag for private use A tricolour of horizontal stripes, white, blue and red, with a yellow canton with the coat of arms.
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917).svg 1914-1917 Flag for private use Variant with smaller canton.
Flag of Russia (1918).svg 1918 First flag of the Russian SFSR The first flag of the RSFSR features white text on a red field that is written in pre-revolutionary Russian orthography. The text on the flag also uses the first name of the RSFSR, in which during its early years as a sovereign state, it was then known at the time as the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, but not as the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic as it was well known for much of its existence.
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1918–1937).svg 1918–1937 Second flag of the Russian SFSR Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the golden bordered honour canton
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1937–1954).svg 1937–1954 Third flag of the Russian SFSR Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the honour canton
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg 1954–1991 Fourth flag of the Russian SFSR The flag of the Soviet Union with a blue band at the hoist
Flag of Russia (1991–1993).svg 1991 Fifth flag of the Russian SFSR Flag of Russian SFSR from 1 November (de facto from 22 August) 1991 to 25 December 1991
1991–1993 First flag of the Russian Federation National flag of the Russian Federation from 25 December 1991 to 11 December 1993, when it was replaced by the present version
Flag of Russia.svg 1993–present Second flag of the Russian Federation The current flag of Russia is the second flag in the Russian Federation's history, it subsequently replaced the first flag of the Russian Federation, which was a modified variant of the first civil flag of Russia. The current flag of the Russian Federation revived the historical tri-color flag of the Tsardom of Russia after 288 years since its inception as the first civil flag of Russia. Its usage was discarded and even illegal after the Bolsheviks took control of Russia in 1917. However, during the Russian Civil War, the tri-color continued its usage by the Russian White Movement and White army until their defeat in 1923. The tri-color became a symbol of opposition, and a relic of tsarist rule, and thus it was punishable to wield the tri-color in public. During perestroika, the tri-color was no longer a punishable offense, and its usage was used by opposition parties and democratic movements prior to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Historical standards of Russia[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858).svg 1703-1917 Imperial Standard at sea The Standard of the Tsar of Russia at sea, adopted under the rule of Peter the Great.[11][12]
Russian Imperial Standard 1834.png c. 1835 Imperial Standard on land In the album of flags of 1835, an Imperial Standard used at palaces was reported.[11]
Imperial Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858–1917).svg 1858-1917 Imperial Standard on land Standard of the Tsar of Russian on land, adopted in 1858.[11][12]
Unofficial Presidential Standard of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1991).png 1991 Presidential Standard (unofficial) De facto unofficial Standard of the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, used during the inauguration of Boris Yeltsin on July 10, 1991.[13][14]
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg 1994–present Presidential Standard Current Presidential Standard of the Russian Federation.

Historical flags of the Soviet Union[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Soviet Union (1922–1923).svg 1922–1923 First Flag of the Soviet Union The first flag of the Soviet Union
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924).svg 1923–1924 Second Flag of the Soviet Union The second flag of the Soviet Union with the golden bordered canton
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1936).svg 1924–1936 Third Flag of the Soviet Union The third flag of the Soviet Union was used in Russia as the state flag throughout the Soviet period until the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924–1955).svg 1936–1955 Fourth Flag of the Soviet Union The fourth flag of the Soviet Union with the different hammer and sickle
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1955–1991 Fifth flag of the Soviet Union The fifth flag of the Soviet Union changed the hammer and sickle's shape and made it smaller.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Цвета Русского Государственного национального флага (in Russian).
  2. ^ "Высочайшее повеление о признании во всех случаях бело-сине-красного флага национальным — Викитека". ru.wikisource.org (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  3. ^ Свод морских постановлений. Книга десятая. Морской устав. Издание 1901 года. С.-Петербург: Типография Морского Министерства в Главном Адмиралтействе. 1902. pp. 340.
  4. ^ http://www.vexillographia.ru/russia/index.htm
  5. ^ a b c "флаги Российской империи". www.vexillographia.ru.
  6. ^ Bonnell, Victoria E. Russia at the barricades: eyewitness accounts of the August 1991 coup. M.E. Sharpe, 1994, p92
  7. ^ Condee, Nancy. Soviet hieroglyphics: visual culture in late twentieth-century Russia. Indiana University Press, 1995, p49
  8. ^ Saunders, Nicholas J. Matters of conflict: material culture, memory and the First World War. Routledge, 2004, p129
  9. ^ National Museum of Science and Technology (Canada). Material history review. Canada Science and Technology Museum, 2000, p46
  10. ^ "Russia, 1914-1917". www.crwflags.com.
  11. ^ a b c Russian Institute for Heraldry and Vexillology. "штандарты императорской семьи". www.vexillographia.ru. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Tsar's personal flags". FOTW. CRWFLAGS. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Как спасали Знамя РСФСР". rambler.ru. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Первый президент России Борис Николаевич Ельцин принимает присягу (1991)". Ельцин Центр.

External links[edit]