List of Russian flags

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of flags used in Russia.


National Flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Russia.svg 1668?–1918 (as ensign)
1883–1918
1993–present
State Flag of Russia. A tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal fields, white on the top, blue in the middle and red on the bottom. Used as a commercial and civil maritime ensign from the 1690s (allegedly from 1668) on.

Presidential Flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of the President of the Russian Federation.svg 1994–present Flag of the President of Russia. Square version of the Flag of Russia, with the Coat of arms, with a gold fringe.

Imperial Standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858).svg 1700–1858 Imperial Standard. Yellow banner with Tsar's emblem.
Romanov Flag.svg 1858–1883 Flag of the Russian Empire for "Celebrations".[1][2][3][4][5] The flag was introduced in 1858; however, it was not as popular as the white-blue-red civil ensign, which was adopted in 1883 for land use. In the 20th century there was a widespread myth (based on incorrect statements by the leading Soviet historian K. Ivanov) that Russia had changed her official flag in 1858.[citation needed]
This flag represented not only Russia but the entire area of the Empire (including Ukraine, Northern Kaukasus, Central Asia etc.), while the white-blue-red stood for Russia only.

This is similar to the Union Jack which represents the United Kingdom, while Scotland, England, and Wales also have flags of their own. Since the 1990s this flag is used by monarchists and some extreme right political groups.

Imperial Standard of the Emperor of Russia (1858–1917).svg 1858–1917 Imperial Standard. Yellow banner with the coat of arms.

Military Flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.svg Flag of the Ministry of Defence
Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg Armed forces
Red Army flag.svg Flag of the Red Army A plain red flag with a large gold-bordered star in the center.
Soviet Znamya Pobedy.svg Banner of Victory (Historical battle flag) The Banner of Victory raised on the Reichstag in 1945. Replicas of the Victory Banner can be used alongside the national flag on Victory Day.
Russia Victory Commemorative Flag.svg 1996–2007 Commemorative flag. The Victory Banner. It had a status similar to that of the national flag, and could be used alongside the national flag on national holidays.
Flag of the Russian Federation Ground Forces.svg Flag of the Russian Ground Forces.
Flag of the Air Force of the Russian Federation.svg Flag of the Russian Air Force.
Flag of the Soviet Air Force.svg Flag of the Soviet Air Force.
Naval Ensign of Russia.svg 1712–1917
1991–present
Ensign of the Russian Navy, the so-called андреевский (St. Andrew's) flag. A blue saltire on a white field.
Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union (1935-1950).svg 1935-1950 A white flag with a red star, hammer and sickle with a blue strip below.
Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union.svg 1950-1991 A white flag with a red star, hammer and sickle with a blue strip below.
Naval Jack of Russia.svg Jack of the Russian Navy. The Ensign of the Russian Navy superimposed on a white cross on a red field.
Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops.svg Flag of the Russian Airborne Troops. A bicolour of horizontal stripes, blue and green defaced with the Russian Airborne Troops emblem.
Flag of Strategic Rocket Forces of Russia.svg Flag of the Strategic Rocket Forces.

Non-Military Security Forces[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations.svg 1992–present Flag of Ministry of Emergency Situations
Flag of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations (departmental).svg 1992–present Departmental Flag of Ministry of Emergency Situations
Flag of Federal Border Service of Russia.svg Flag of Border Service of the Federal Security Service
Russian Border Guard.svg Ensign of Russian Coast Guard

Flags of republics within Russia[edit]

Flags of Russian oblasts[edit]

Flags of Russian cities[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Astrakhan.png Flag of Astrakhan
Flag of Barnaul (Altai krai).png Flag of Barnaul
Flag of Chelyabinsk.svg Flag of Chelyabinsk
Flag of Cherepovets (Vologda oblast).svg Flag of Cherepovets
Flag of Irkutsk (Irkutsk oblast).svg Flag of Irkutsk
Flag of Ivanovo (Ivanovo oblast).png Flag of Ivanovo
Flag of Izhevsk (Udmurtia).svg Flag of Izhevsk
Kaliningrad flag.PNG Flag of Kaliningrad
Flag of Kaluga.png Flag of Kaluga
Flag of Kazan (Tatarstan).png Flag of Kazan
Flag of Kirov (Kirov oblast).png Flag of Kirov
Flag of Krasnodar (Krasnodar krai) (2006).png Flag of Krasnodar
Flag of Krasnoyarsk (Krasnoyarsk krai).png Flag of Krasnoyarsk
Vlag Koersk.gif Flag of Kursk
Flag of Lipetsk.png Flag of Lipetsk
Flag of Magnitogorsk (Chelyabinsk oblast).svg Flag of Magnitogorsk
Flag of Moscow.png Flag of Moscow
Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg Flag of Murmansk
Flag of Nizhny Novgorod.svg Flag of Nizhny Novgorod
Flag of Nizhny Tagil (Sverdlovsk oblast).png Flag of Nizhny Tagil
Flag of Norilsk (Krasnoyarsk kray).png Flag of Norilsk
Flag of Novokuznetsk (Kemerovo oblast) (celebratory).png Flag of Novokuznetsk
Novosibirsk-city flag.svg Flag of Novosibirsk
Flag of Omsk.svg Flag of Omsk
Flag of Orenburg.png Flag of Orenburg
Flag of Oryol (city).svg Flag of Oryol
Flag of Perm.svg Flag of Perm
Flag of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Kamchatka krai).png Flag of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Flag of Petrozavodsk (Karelia).png Flag of Petrozavodsk
Flag of Pskov (Pskov oblast).png Flag of Pskov
Rostov-na-Donu flag.svg Flag of Rostov-on-Don
Flag of Ryazan (Ryazan oblast).png Flag of Ryazan
Flag of St Petersburg (Russia).png Flag of St Petersburg
Flag of Samara.svg Flag of Samara
Flag of Saratov.png Flag of Saratov
Flag of Sergiev Posad (Moscow oblast).png Flag of Sergiyev Posad
Flag of Stavropol.svg Flag of Stavropol
Flag of Sochi (Krasnodar krai).png Flag of Sochi
Flag of Suzdal (Vladimir oblast).png Flag of Suzdal
Flag of Togliatti (Samara oblast).png Flag of Tolyatti
Tomsk city flag.png Flag of Tomsk
Flag of Tula.png Flag of Tula
Flag of Tver.png Flag of Tver
Flag of Ufa (Bashkortostan).png Flag of Ufa
Flag of Ulyanovsk.svg Flag of Ulyanovsk
Flag of Veliky Novgorod.png Flag of Veliky Novgorod
Flag of Vladimir.png Flag of Vladimir
Flag of Vladivostok (Primorsky kray).png Flag of Vladivostok
Volgograd flag.gif Flag of Volgograd
Flag of Vologda.png Flag of Vologda
Flag of Voronezh.png Flag of Voronezh
Yakutsk flag.png Flag of Yakutsk
Flag of Yaroslavl.png Flag of Yaroslavl
Flag of Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk oblast).svg Flag of Yekaterinburg

Historical flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Moscow.svg 1444-1497[citation needed] Flag of Moscow
Flag of Russia (1668).svg 1668-1693 Alleged first Russian flag.
Flag of Oryol (variant).svg 1693-1700 Flag of Tsardom of Russia
Flag of Russia.svg 1700[6]–1918 De facto (unofficial) flag of Russia Peter the Great's tricolour was the merchant flag (civil ensign) of Russia. As the oldest civil flag to represent Russia, it was later adopted as the national flag representing the country rather than the Tsar. However, the flags used by the Russian Army were regimental flags with the Double-Headed Eagle, the official Imperial symbol, in the centre. The Imperial Standard was the black Double-Headed Eagle displayed on a golden banner, represented the Tsar, the absolute ruler of the Russian Empire.
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917).svg 1914–1917 Russian Empire (unofficial, private use only). A tricolour of horizontal stripes, white, blue and red, with a yellow canton with the coat of arms.
Flag of the Russian SFSR (1918-1920).svg 1918–1937 Flag of the Russian SFSR (variant). Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the honour canton.
Flag of the Russian SFSR (1937-1954).svg 1937-1954 Flag of the Russian SFSR (variant). Red banner with stylized "RSFSR" abbreviation in gold Cyrillic letters in the honour canton.
Flag of the Russian SFSR.svg 1954–1991 Flag of the Russian SFSR. The Flag of the Soviet Union with a blue band at the hoist.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923).svg 1922-1923 First Flag of the Soviet Union. The First Flag of the Soviet Union.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924).svg 1923-1924 Second Flag of the Soviet Union. The Second Flag of the Soviet Union with the golden bordered canton.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924-1936).svg 1924-1936 Third Flag of the Soviet Union. The third Flag of the Soviet Union was used in Russia as the state flag throughout the Soviet period until the dissolution of the Soviet Union..
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955).svg 1936–1955 Fourth Flag of the Soviet Union. The fourth flag of the Soviet Union with the different hammer and sickle.
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg 1955–1980 Fifth flag of the Soviet Union. The fifth flag of the Soviet Union changed the hammer and sickle's shape and made it smaller.
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1980–1991 Sixth and final flag of the Soviet Union. The sixth flag of the Soviet Union had lighter colors.
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg 1991 Flag of the Russian SFSR. Flag of Russian SFSR from 1 November (de facto from 22 August) 1991 to 25 December 1991.
1991–1993 Flag of the Russian Federation. Official Flag of the Russian Federation from 25 December 1991 to 11 December 1993, when it was replaced by the present version.
Flag of Russia.svg 1993–Present Current National Flag. Current Flag of the Russian Federation. Has a darker tint to the blue than the previous flag.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bonnell, Victoria E. Russia at the barricades: eyewitness accounts of the August 1991 coup. M.E. Sharpe, 1994, p92
  2. ^ Condee, Nancy. Soviet hieroglyphics: visual culture in late twentieth-century Russia. Indiana University Press, 1995, p49
  3. ^ Saunders, Nicholas J. Matters of conflict: material culture, memory and the First World War. Routledge, 2004, p129
  4. ^ National Museum of Science and Technology (Canada). Material history review. Canada Science and Technology Museum, 2000, p46
  5. ^ CRWflags.com
  6. ^ History of the Russian flag (in Russian)