List of Russian military bases abroad

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Troops of the Russian 102nd Military Base on parade in Yerevan.

This article lists military bases of Russia abroad. The majority of Russia's military bases and facilities are located in former Soviet republics; which in Russian political parlance is termed the "near abroad".

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many of the early-warning radar stations ended up in former Soviet republics. As of 2020, only the radar in Belarus is still rented by Russia.[1][2]

In 2003, Kommersant newspaper published a map of the Russian military presence abroad.[3] In 2018, it was reported that Russia operates at least 21 significant military facilities overseas.[4]

Map[edit]

Map of current military installations (excluding Crimea)

Current bases[edit]

Country Details No. of personnel
 Armenia Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the Russian 3624th Airbase in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan. Est. 3,214[5] to 5,000[6]
 Azerbaijan
 Artsakh
(disputed)
Since 10 November 2020, Russia had a peacekeeping force from the 15th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade deployed in the breakaway region of Artsakh. Est. 1,960[7]
 Belarus The Hantsavichy Radar Station,[4][8][9] the Vileyka naval communication centre near Vileyka.[5] Est. 1,500
 Georgia
 Abkhazia
(disputed)
Following the Russo-Georgian War in 2008, Russia has maintained a large presence in the partially recognised states of Abkhazia[10] and South Ossetia. The Russian 7th Military Base is located in Abkhazia and hosts approximately 4,500 personnel.[11] Est. 4,500
 Georgia
 South Ossetia
(disputed)
Following the Russo-Georgian War in 2008, Russia has maintained a large presence in the partially recognised states of Abkhazia[12] and South Ossetia. The Russian 4th Military Base is located in South Ossetia and hosts around 3,500 personnel. Est. 3,500
 Kazakhstan The Sary Shagan anti-ballistic missile testing range.[4][13] The Baikonur Cosmodrome is rented to Russia but is now under civilian administration.[14][15]
 Kyrgyzstan Kant Air Base, the 338th naval communication centre, the 954th torpedo testing range and a seismographic station.[4][16]
 Moldova
 Transnistria
(disputed)
Russia maintains an operational group of forces in the Transnistria separatist region for peacekeeping purposes and to guard a decommissioned arms depot in Cobasna.[17] Est. 1,500
 Sudan Confirmed to have base near Port Sudan[18][19][20]
 Syria Russian naval facility in Tartus, Khmeimim Air Base, Tiyas Military Airbase,[21][22] Shayrat Airbase.[21][23][24] Est. 7,000
 Tajikistan Russian 201st Military Base, Okno space surveillance station. Est. 7,500
 Vietnam Cam Ranh Air Base, Cam Ranh Naval Base. Between 1979 and 2002, the facility was used by the Soviet Navy and then Russian Navy. At the end of 2013, Russia resumed the use of the base by its Navy[25] and in 2014 by its Air Force.[26] No military presence but maintains the facilities for Russian supplies and usage

Former bases[edit]

Country Details
 Azerbaijan Gabala Radar Station was rented until 2012. In 2013 the building itself was transferred to Azerbaijan,[27] but the equipment was dismantled and transported to Russia.[28]
LithuaniaLatviaEstonia Baltic states Northwest Group of Forces from 1991 to 1994
 Cuba Lourdes SIGINT station was closed in 2002. In July 2014, after Putin's visit to Cuba, there were rumors about its reactivation,[29] quickly officially denied.[citation needed]
 Czechoslovakia Central Group of Forces from 1968 to 1991
 Georgia In 1995, Russia and Georgia signed a 25-year agreement for rental of military bases in Vaziani, Akhalkalaki and Batumi. Due to the political changes eventually the Russian bases were liquidated by 2007,[30] with the exception of the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. See Russia–Georgia relations.
 Germany Western Group of Forces from 1945 to 1994
 Hungary Southern Group of Forces from 1956 to 1991
 Kazakhstan The Balkhash Radar Station was removed from service in June 2020.
 Mongolia Soviet troops in Mongolia until 1992
 Poland Northern Group of Forces from 1945 to 1993
 Uzbekistan Karshi-Khanabad Air Base from 2006 to 2012, when Uzbekistan was part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.[31]

Crimea[edit]

 Ukraine
 Russia
(disputed)
Sevastopol Naval Base of the Black Sea Fleet, in Crimea,[5] rented by Russia prior to the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014.[4] In July 2015, Russian prime minister Dmitry Medvedev said that Crimea had been fully integrated into Russia[32] so the base in Sevastopol is no longer classed by Russia as overseas. However, this is contested; United Nations General Assembly Resolution 68/262 rejected Russia's annexation of Crimea,[33] which Russia defended by saying it was supporting the outcome of the 2014 Crimean status referendum, in which a majority voted to rejoin Russia. As of 2016, there were at least 18 Russian military facilities in Crimea.[4][34] Est. 26,000

personnel

Planned[edit]

 Central African Republic Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base[35]
 Egypt Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base[36]
 Eritrea Logistics Center confirmed by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.[37][38][39][40]
 Madagascar Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base[41]
 Mozambique Confirmed to be building a Russian Military base[42]
 Sudan Confirmed to be building a naval base along the Red Sea Coast[43][44]
 Venezuela Military headquarters located in La Orchila.[45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.692.6127. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ https://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2020/0724/122558858/detail.shtml
  3. ^ Российские войска за рубежом [Russian forces abroad] (in Russian). kommersant.ru. 18 March 2003. Retrieved 17 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e f Sharkov, Damien (3 June 2018). "Russia's military compared to the U.S. across the world". Newsweek.
  5. ^ a b c Margarete Klein (12 October 2009). "Russia's military capabilities". Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Retrieved 17 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Medvedev Secures Long-Term Foothold in Armenia". The Moscow Times. 23 August 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Russia deploying peacekeeping forces to Karabakh". anadolu agency. 17 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Днепр" на Балхаше ["Dnepr" in Balkhash] (in Russian). Novosti Kosmonavtiki. 4 July 2009. Archived from the original on 10 September 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ Heurlin, Beurtel (24 August 2005). Missile Defence: International, Regional and National Implications. Routledge. pp. 84–111. ISBN 9780415361200.
  10. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2018/1115/150049651/detail.shtml
  11. ^ Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov (ed.). The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3.
  12. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2018/1115/150049651/detail.shtml
  13. ^ Sean O'Connor (2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Air Power Australia: 1. Retrieved 7 January 2012. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ "Kazcosmos chief Talgat Musabaev: Baikonur is still the core of Kazakh-Russian cooperation in space". interfax.kz. February 2008. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011.
  15. ^ "Kazakhstan Finally Ratifies Baikonur Rental Deal With Russia". spacedaily.com. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Russian military base presence in Kyrgyzstan extended till 2032 - Ferghana Information agency, Moscow".
  17. ^ "Prime Minister of Moldova calls for withdrawal of Russian troops from Transnistria".
  18. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  19. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-sudan-navy-idUSKBN27W29A
  20. ^ https://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/2020/november/9321-russia-gets-naval-base-in-sudan.html
  21. ^ a b "Russian Military Forces: Interactive Map". GFSIS. 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  22. ^ Pike, John (1970-01-01). "T-4 Airbase / Tiyas". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  23. ^ "Russia Expanding Second Syrian Air Base Near IS-Held Areas". RadioFreeEurope. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  24. ^ Bodansky, Yossef (2016). "Russia's war against DI'ISH". Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy. 44 (1): 6–16.
  25. ^ "The Bear is Back: Russia Returns to Vietnam". The Diplomat. 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2015-04-12. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  26. ^ "U.S. asks Vietnam to stop helping Russian bomber flights". Reuters. 2015-03-11. Retrieved 2015-04-12. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  27. ^ Габалинская РЛС теперь находится под контролем азербайджанских военных [Gabala Radar Station is now under the control of the Azerbaijani military]. ng.ru (in Russian). 6 October 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  28. ^ Габалу завлекают в турбизнес [Gabala lures in the tourist industry]. ng.ru (in Russian). 9 October 2013. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  29. ^ "Russia Is Reportedly Reopening Its Spy Base In Cuba". Business Insider. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  30. ^ Вывод российских войск из Грузии завершен досрочно [Withdrawal of Russian troops from Georgia completed ahead of schedule] (in Russian). ria.ru. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  31. ^ "Узбекистан второй раз выходит из ОДКБ"
  32. ^ "Putin Eliminates Ministry Of Crimea, Region Fully Integrated Into Russia, Russian Leaders Say". International Business Times. 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  33. ^ United Nations News Centre - Backing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, UN Assembly declares Crimea referendum invalid. Un.org (1 March 2014). Retrieved on 28 March 2014.
  34. ^ "In Crimea, Russia signals military resolve with new and revamped bases". Reuters. 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  35. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  36. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  37. ^ "Russia in Talks with Eritrea to Set up 'Logistics Center' on Red Sea Coast".
  38. ^ "Russia and Eritrea Ink Deal to Build a Logistic Base in the Horn of Africa Country".
  39. ^ "Russia-Eritrea Relations Grow with Planned Logistics Center".
  40. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  41. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  42. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  43. ^ https://sofrep.com/news/russian-military-expands-in-africa-by-building-bases-in-six-countries/
  44. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-sudan-navy-idUSKBN27W29A
  45. ^ https://en.panampost.com/sabrina-martin/2018/12/18/russia-seeks-to-install-a-military-base-in-coastal-venezuela//

Further reading[edit]