List of Russian military bases abroad

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Troops of the Russian 102nd Military Base on parade in Yerevan.

This article lists military bases of Russia abroad. The majority of Russia's military bases and facilities are located in former Soviet republics; which in Russian political parlance is termed the "near abroad".

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many of the early-warning radar stations ended up in former Soviet republics. Some, such as the radars at Skrunda-1 in Latvia and Dnestr radars in Ukraine are no longer part of the Russian early warning network. Others such as the radars in Belarus and Kazakhstan are rented by Russia.[1]

In 2003, Kommersant newspaper published a map of the Russian military presence abroad.[2] In 2018, it was reported that Russia operates at least 21 significant military facilities overseas.[3]


Map of current military installations (excluding Crimea)

Current bases[edit]

Country Details No. of personnel
Armenia Russian 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the Russian 3624th Airbase in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan. Est. 3,214[4] to 5,000[5]
Belarus The Hantsavichy Radar Station,[3][6][7] the Vileyka naval communication centre near Vileyka.[4] Est. 1,500
Georgia Following the Russo-Georgian War in 2008, Russia has maintained a large presence in the disputed regions of Abkhazia[8] and South Ossetia. The Russian 4th Military Base is located in South Ossetia and hosts around 3,500 personnel. The Russian 7th Military Base is located in Abkhazia and hosts approximately 4,500 personnel.[9] Est. 8,000
Kazakhstan The Balkhash Radar Station near Lake Balkhash,[3][4] the Sary Shagan anti-ballistic missile testing range,[3][10] and the Baikonur Cosmodrome space launch facility.[11][12]
Kyrgyzstan Kant Air Base, the 338th naval communication centre, the 954th torpedo testing range and a seismographic station.[3][13]
Moldova Russia maintains a sizable task force in the Transnistria separatist region for peacekeeping purposes and to guard a decommissioned arms depot in Cobasna.[14] Est. 1,500 personnel
Syria Russian naval facility in Tartus, Khmeimim Air Base, Tiyas Military Airbase,[15][16] Shayrat Airbase.[15][17][18]
Tajikistan Russian 201st Military Base. Est. 7,500
Vietnam The Russian Navy maintains naval resupply facilities at Cam Ranh Base.[19]

Former bases[edit]

Country Details
Azerbaijan Gabala Radar Station was rented until 2012. In 2013 the Gabala radar station building was transferred to Azerbaijan,[20] but the equipment was dismantled and transported back to Russia.[21]
Cuba Lourdes SIGINT Station was closed in 2002. In July 2014, after Putin's visit to Cuba, there were rumors about its reactivation,[22] quickly officially denied.[23]
Georgia In 1995, Russia and Georgia signed a 25-year agreement for rental of military bases in Vaziani, Akhalkalaki and Batumi. Due to the political changes eventually the Russian bases were liquidated by 2007,[24] with the exception of the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. See Russia–Georgia relations.
Syria Center S.
Uzbekistan From 2006 to 2012, when Uzbekistan was part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.[25]


Crimea Sevastopol Naval Base of the Black Sea Fleet, in Crimea,[4] rented by Russia prior to the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014.[3] In July 2015, Russian prime minister Dmitry Medvedev said that Crimea had been fully integrated into Russia[26] so the base in Sevastopol is no longer classed by Russia as overseas. However, this is contested; the United Nations had voted in 2014 to reject Russia's annexation of Crimea,[27] which Russia defended by saying it was supporting the outcome of the 2014 Crimean status referendum, in which a majority voted to rejoin Russia. As of 2016, there were at least 18 Russian military facilities in Crimea.[3][28] Est. 26,000



Eritrea Logistics Center confirmed by Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov.[29][30][31]
Venezuela Military headquarters located in La Orchila.[32]
Somaliland Talks have been held between Somaliland foreign minister Dr Saad Ali Shire and Russian diplomat Yury Kourchakov on discussing a construction of military base in Zeila

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ Российские войска за рубежом [Russian forces abroad] (in Russian). 18 March 2003. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g DAMIEN SHARKOV (6/3/18). "Russia's military compared to the U.S. across the world". Newsweek. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ a b c d Margarete Klein (12 October 2009). "Russia's military capabilities". Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Medvedev Secures Long-Term Foothold in Armenia". The Moscow Times. 23 August 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Днепр" на Балхаше ["Dnepr" in Balkhash] (in Russian). Novosti Kosmonavtiki. 4 July 2009. Archived from the original on 10 September 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  7. ^ Heurlin, Beurtel (24 August 2005). Missile Defence: International, Regional and National Implications. Routledge. pp. 84–111. ISBN 9780415361200.
  8. ^
  9. ^ Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov (ed.). The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3.
  10. ^ Sean O'Connor (2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Air Power Australia: 1. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
  11. ^ "Kazcosmos chief Talgat Musabaev: Baikonur is still the core of Kazakh-Russian cooperation in space". February 2008. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011.
  12. ^ "Kazakhstan Finally Ratifies Baikonur Rental Deal With Russia". 12 April 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  13. ^ "Russian military base presence in Kyrgyzstan extended till 2032 - Ferghana Information agency, Moscow".
  14. ^ "Prime Minister of Moldova calls for withdrawal of Russian troops from Transnistria".
  15. ^ a b "Russian Military Forces: Interactive Map". GFSIS. 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  16. ^ Pike, John (1970-01-01). "T-4 Airbase / Tiyas". Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  17. ^ "Russia Expanding Second Syrian Air Base Near IS-Held Areas". RadioFreeEurope. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  18. ^ Bodansky, Yossef (2016). "Russia's war against DI'ISH". Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy. 44 (1): 6–16.
  19. ^ "What Should the United States Do about Cam Ranh Bay and Russia’s Place in Vietnam?" mArch 16, 2015
  20. ^ Габалинская РЛС теперь находится под контролем азербайджанских военных [Gabala Radar Station is now under the control of the Azerbaijani military]. (in Russian). 6 October 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  21. ^ Габалу завлекают в турбизнес [Gabala lures in the tourist industry]. (in Russian). 9 October 2013. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Russia Is Reportedly Reopening Its Spy Base In Cuba". Business Insider. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  23. ^ "Putin denies reopening of US-targeting listening post in Cuba". RT. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  24. ^ Вывод российских войск из Грузии завершен досрочно [Withdrawal of Russian troops from Georgia completed ahead of schedule] (in Russian). 15 November 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  25. ^ "Узбекистан второй раз выходит из ОДКБ"
  26. ^ "Putin Eliminates Ministry Of Crimea, Region Fully Integrated Into Russia, Russian Leaders Say". International Business Times. 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2018-01-13.
  27. ^ United Nations News Centre - Backing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, UN Assembly declares Crimea referendum invalid. (1 March 2014). Retrieved on 28 March 2014.
  28. ^ "In Crimea, Russia signals military resolve with new and revamped bases". Reuters. 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  29. ^ "Russia in Talks with Eritrea to Set up 'Logistics Center' on Red Sea Coast".
  30. ^ "Russia and Eritrea Ink Deal to Build a Logistic Base in the Horn of Africa Country".
  31. ^ "Russia-Eritrea Relations Grow with Planned Logistics Center".
  32. ^