List of SNCF classes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

List of locomotive and multiple unit classes of SNCF. Classes in bold are in use, whilst those in italics have been withdrawn.

Numbering Scheme[edit]

Locomotives and Multiple Units[edit]

Vehicle numbers are three to six digits long. The first (not always present) digit indicates the sector in which that vehicle operates:

The next (possibly first) two or three digits of a vehicle's number indicate its class, in loose bands corresponding to the traction and power output of the stock:

A Class 22200, 195th in series, operating under TER bears the number 522395.
  • 0-9999: DC Electric
  • 10000-19999: AC Electric
  • 20000-29999: Dual Voltage
  • 30000-39999: Triple Voltage
  • 40000-49999: Quadruple Voltage
  • 60000-79999: Diesel

The final digits uniquely identify the engine within its class, but in the case of a three digit class number, the engine number may begin adding to the class number (for example, a Class 22200 may have a number beginning 222, 223 or 224).

Multiple units are numbered the same as locomotives, but prefixed by X for DMUs or Z for EMUs. Diesel shunters are prefixed Y. A now discontinued practice was to prefix the class number by the wheel arrangement.[2]

TGV numbering scheme[edit]

Each TGV trainset has its own number, found on the nose. Within the set, each vehicle is given its own number. The power cars are numbered by the standard locomotive numbering scheme, prefixed by TGV. The trailers are given a number which consists of the first two digits of the power car's number, followed by the number of the trailer in the set, and finishing with the number of the trainset, prefixed by TGVR or TGVZR, if powered.[2]


Electric locomotives[edit]






Diesel locomotives[edit]

Main-line locomotives[edit]

Shunting locomotives[edit]

Steam locomotives[edit]

The SNCF adapted the classification system introduced by the Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée in 1925. This consisted of a numeric prefix derived from the axle (not wheel) arrangement of the locomotive, a letter for the class, and finally a number for the locomotive with the class. SNCF's adaptations included using the axle arrangement in full, and reversing the class letters of tank locomotives. For example, the SNCF used 040.A., and 242.TA. where the PLM used 4.A., and 242.AT.

Class letters A-N were used for existing designs, letters P onwards for SNCF designs. Others railways' designs taken over after World War II were usually given the letter U (American), W (British), X, Y, or Z (German).

Where locomotives were upgraded or rebuilt, the class letter changed, but not the number. While the Region Nord renumbered all their classes from 1, the remaining 4 regions re-used the last three digits of the old number in the new number.

As there were more classes that available letters of the alphabet, the axle arrangement was prefixed with a digit inicating the owning region: 1 Est (former Est and AL lines), 2 Nord 3 Ouest (former État lines) 4 Sud-Ouest (former Paris-Orleans and Midi lines) 5 Sud-Est (former PLM lines). Region 5 was later split in two, with the southern part becoming 6 Mediterranée

Locomotives transferred from one region to another could change their class letter and numeric suffix.

1. Est[edit]

  • 021.A, ex Est 441 to 485
  • 220.A, ex Est 2401 to 2432
  • 141.TB, ex Est 4401 to 4512
  • 141.TC, ex Est 141.701 to 141.742

2. Nord[edit]

3. État[edit]

4. PO-Midi[edit]

5. PLM[edit]

  • 020.TA, ex PLM 7001 to 7005
  • 030.TA, ex PLM 3.AT
  • 030.TB, ex PLM 3.AM, rebuilt from PLM Bourbonnais
  • 130.TA, ex PLM 130.AT, ex Prussian T9.3
  • 130.TB, ex PLM 130.BT, ex Prussian T11
  • 232.TA, ex PLM 232.AT, ex PLM 5301 to 5350
  • 232.TB, ex PLM 232.BT, ex PLM 5501 to 5545
  • 040.TA, ex PLM 4.AM
  • 040.TB, ex PLM 4.BM
  • 040.TC, ex PLM 4.DM
  • 242.TA, ex PLM 242.AT
  • 242.TB, ex PLM 242.BT
  • 242.TC, ex PLM 242.CT
  • 242.TD, ex PLM 242.DT
  • 242.TE, rebuilt from 242.TB
  • 050.TA, ex PLM 5.AT, ex Prussian T16 and T16.1


  • 232.P
  • 232.Q
  • 232.R
  • 232.S
  • 232.U
  • 141.P
  • 141.R
  • 240.P
  • 241.P
  • 242.A
  • 150.P
  • 221.TQ
  • 050.TQ
  • 151.TQ
  • 030.W
  • 150.X
  • 150.Y
  • 150.Z
  • 030.TU
  • 030.TW
  • 030.TX
  • 131.TX
  • 040.TX
  • 050.TX

Multiple units[edit]


Main article: TGV

Diesel and gas-turbine multiple units[edit]

Diesel units metre gauge[edit]

Diesel units standard gauge[edit]



Electric multiple units[edit]

DC 3rd-rail units metre gauge[edit]

DC 3rd-rail units standard gauge[edit]

DC units[edit]

AC units[edit]

Dual-voltage units[edit]

Bi-mode units[edit]


  1. ^ "Railway Operators in France". Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "French Railways numbering scheme". Clem Tillier. Retrieved 30 March 2014.