List of STOL aircraft

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A typical purpose-designed light STOL aircraft, the Zenith STOL CH 701

This is a List of STOL aircraft which meet one or more accepted definitions of Short TakeOff and Landing (STOL).

Definitions[edit]

Main article: STOL § Definitions
Aircraft Take-off distance
to 50 ft (15m)
Landing distance
from 50 ft (15m)
Definition/References Notes
3I Sky Arrow 0890890 ft (271 m) 660 ft (201 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[10] light
AAC Angel 14041,404 ft (428 m) 1,046 ft (319 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[11]
Aero Adventure Aventura II 0150150 ft (46 m) 150 ft (46 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[12] ultralight amphibian
Aero Commander Lark 12501,250 ft (381 m) 1,280 ft (390 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[13] (1968)
Aero Commander 200 12001,200 ft (366 m) 1,150 ft (351 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[13]
Aero Commander 560 13501,350 ft (411 m) 1,375 ft (419 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[14]
Aeronca Champion 7AC 0632632 ft (193 m) 885 ft (270 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[15]
Aeronca 11 Chief 0583583 ft (178 m) 880 ft (268 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[16] no longer produced
Aeronca 15 Sedan 0583583 ft (178 m) 880 ft (268 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[17] no longer produced
Aerostar 600 14001,400 ft (427 m) 1,100 ft (335 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[14]
Air & Space 18A 0590590 ft (180 m) 465 ft (142 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[18] gyroplane
Atlas ACE 13801,380 ft (420 m) 1,410 ft (430 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[19]
American Champion Citabria 0890890 ft (271 m) 755 ft (230 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[20]
American Champion Decathlon 0650650 ft (198 m) 755 ft (230 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[20]
American Champion Scout 0525525 ft (160 m) 690 ft (210 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[20]
Antonov An-14 0656656 ft (200 m) 985 ft (300 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[21]
Antonov An-28 0886886 ft (270 m) 886 ft (270 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[22]
Antonov An-72 08861,312 ft (400 m) 1,148 ft (350 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[22]
Antonov OKA-38
Atlas Kudu 12141,214 ft (370 m) 853 ft (260 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[23]
Arc Atlantique RF47 14951,495 ft (456 m) 1,362 ft (415 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[24]
Auster AOP.9 0675675 ft (206 m) 150 ft (46 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[25]
Australian Aircraft Kits Hornet STOL 656 ft (200 m) 623 ft (190 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[26]
Aviat Husky 0750750 ft (230 m) 1,400 ft (427 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[27]
Beagle Pup 13501,350 ft (411 m) 1,430 ft (436 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[28]
Beechcraft Bonanza C, D, E N to P models 13751,375 ft (419 m) 970 ft (296 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[29] C & D35 model data given
Beechcraft Debonair 12881,288 ft (393 m) 1,298 ft (396 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[29]
Beechcraft Musketeer Custom III 14601,460 ft (445 m) 1,260 ft (384 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[30]
Beechcraft Musketeer Sport III 12551,255 ft (383 m) 1,220 ft (372 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[30]
Beechcraft Musketeer Super III 13801,380 ft (421 m) 1,300 ft (396 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[31]
Beechcraft T-34 Mentor 12001,200 ft (366 m) 960 ft (293 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[31]
Beechcraft Twin Bonanza D & C models 12601,260 ft (384 m) 1,452 ft (443 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[32] data given for D model
Bellanca 14-19 10601,060 ft (323 m) 935 ft (285 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[33] (1967)
Bellanca Viking 0850850 ft (259 m) 1,100 ft (335 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[33]
Birdman 2S Chinook 0400400 ft (122 m) 250 ft (76 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[34] ultralight; (1983)
Birdman WT-11 Chinook 0300300 ft (91 m) 200 ft (61 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[34] ultralight; (1982)
Bounsall Super Prospector 0300300 ft (91 m) 250 ft (76 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[35] homebuilt; (1990s)
Britten-Norman Defender 10501,050 ft (320 m) 995 ft (303 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[36]
Britten-Norman Islander 11001,100 ft (335 m) 960 ft (293 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[37]
Canaero Toucan 0200200 ft (61 m) 250 ft (76 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[34] ultralight; (1983)
Cessna 150 13851,385 ft (422 m) 1,075 ft (328 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[38]
Cessna 152 13401,340 ft (408 m) 1,200 ft (366 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[39]
Cessna 162 12501,250 ft (381 m) 1,040 ft (317 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[40]
Cessna 172 14401,440 ft (439 m) 1,250 ft (381 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[39] Data for "N" model
Cessna 175 13401,340 ft (408 m) 1,155 ft (352 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[41]
Cessna 177 14001,400 ft (427 m) 1,220 ft (372 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[42]
Cessna O-1 0560560 ft (171 m) 600 ft (183 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[42] no longer produced
Cessna 180 12051,205 ft (367 m) 1,365 ft (416 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[42]
Cessna 182 13501,350 ft (411 m) 1,350 ft (411 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[43]
Cessna 185 AgCarryall 14501,450 ft (442 m) 1,400 ft (427 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[43]
Cessna 188 0970970 ft (296 m) 1,265 ft (386 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[43] data for Model 188 AgWagon
Cessna 206 18601,860 ft (567 m) 1,395 ft (425 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[44]
Cessna 210 11351,135 ft (346 m) 1,190 ft (363 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[45]
Cessna 337 14901,490 ft (454 m) 1,500 ft (457 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[46]
Champion Challenger 0493493 ft (150 m) 580 ft (177 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[15] no longer produced
Conroy Stolifter 0450450 ft (137 m) 400 ft (122 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[47] converted Cessna Skymaster; only one produced
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk 0870870 ft (265 m) 930 ft (283 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[48]
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver Mk 1 10151,015 ft (309 m) 1,000 ft (305 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[49]
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver Mk III 0920920 ft (280 m) 870 ft (265 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[49]
De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter 11551,155 ft (352 m) 880 ft (268 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[50]
de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou 10401,040 ft (317 m) 590 ft (180 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[51]
de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo 21002,100 ft (640 m) 2,100 ft (640 m) Marketing[52]
De Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 12001,200 ft (366 m) 1,050 ft (320 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[53]
De Havilland Canada Dash 7 12001,200 ft (366 m) 1,050 ft (320 m) TC, ADT and FAA[54]
Dornier Do 27 0558558 ft (170 m) 525 ft (160 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[55]
Dornier Do 28 10201,020 ft (311 m) 1,000 ft (305 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[53]
Eagle Aircraft Eagle X-TS 10401,040 ft (317 m) 1,168 ft (356 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[56]
ERCO Ercoupe 0953953 ft (290 m) 1,016 ft (310 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[50] Data for Mooney Cadet model
Evangel 4500 11251,125 ft (343 m) 1,140 ft (347 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[57] (1964)
Fieseler Fi 157 Storch [58]
Fisher Horizon Marketing[9]
Great Lakes Sport Trainer 0825825 ft (251 m) 850 ft (259 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[59]
Grumman American AA-5 Traveler 14201,420 ft (433 m) 1,052 ft (321 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[60]
Grumman Super Ag Cat 13601,360 ft (415 m) 750 ft (229 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[60]
Helio Courier 0610610 ft (186 m) 520 ft (158 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[61] (1955), data for H-295 model
Helio Stallion 0660660 ft (201 m) 750 ft (229 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[61] (1964)
IAI Arava 0984984 ft (300 m) 902 ft (275 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[62]
IAR-822 11811,181 ft (360 m) 984 ft (300 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[63] (1970)
Javelin V6 STOL Manufacturer claim[35] Piper PA-20 Pacer conversion
Kolb Mark III 0200200 ft (61 m) Manufacturer claim[64] ultralight
Let L-410UVP Manufacturer claim[65]
Let L-420 Manufacturer claim[65]
Lake LA-4-200 Buccaneer 0875875 ft (267 m) 900 ft (274 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[66]
Maule M-4 0650650 ft (198 m) 600 ft (183 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[67]
Maule M-5 0600600 ft (183 m) 600 ft (183 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[67] data for Lunar Rocket with 220 hp (164 kW)
Miles Aerovan 0780780 ft (238 m) DOD/NATO[68] (1945)
Mooney M10 0953953 ft (290 m) 1,016 ft (310 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[69]
Mooney Mite M-18 0525525 ft (160 m) 860 ft (262 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[70] no longer produced
Mooney M20E Chaparral 10101,010 ft (308 m) 1,360 ft (415 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[71]
Navion Rangemaster 0920920 ft (280 m) 980 ft (299 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[72]
Northwest Ranger 0915915 ft (279 m) 920 ft (280 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[73]
PAC P-750 XSTOL 11961,196 ft (365 m) 950 ft (290 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[74]
PAC CT/4 1196600 ft (183 m) 800 ft (244 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[74] data for the CT-4E/F
PAC Cresco 10651,065 ft (325 m) 1,398 ft (426 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[75] 9-seat/2,355 kg payload
Peterson 260SE/Wren 460 10001,000 ft (305 m) 1,000 ft (305 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[76] data for Wren 260
Pilatus PC-6 Porter 0600600 ft (183 m) 550 ft (168 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[77] data for PC-6C
Piper J-3 0730730 ft (223 m) 470 ft (143 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[78]
Piper PA-11 0700700 ft (213 m) 470 ft (143 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[79]
Piper PA-12 & J-5 0720720 ft (219 m) 470 ft (143 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[80] data for PA-12-108
Piper PA-14 0965965 ft (294 m) 850 ft (259 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[81]
Piper PA-16 0925925 ft (282 m) 875 ft (267 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[82]
Piper PA-18 0500500 ft (152 m) 725 ft (221 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[83][84] no longer produced; data for PA-18-150
Piper PA-23 14001,400 ft (427 m) 1,374 ft (419 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[85] data for Piper PA-23 C Turbo Aztec
Piper PA-24-260 Comanche 10401,040 ft (317 m) 1,015 ft (309 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[86]
Piper PA-38 Tomahawk 14001,400 ft (427 m) 1,374 ft (419 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[87] data for PA-38-112
Piper PA-32-300 Cherokee Six 13501,350 ft (411 m) 1,000 ft (305 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[88]
PZL-104 Wilga 0625625 ft (191 m) 780 ft (238 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[89]
PZL-105 Flaming 11091,109 ft (338 m) 1,070 ft (326 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[90] data for PZL-105M
Quest Kodiak 760760 ft (232 m) 915 ft (231 m) Marketed as STOL[91]
Rockwell Commander 500, 500A and 500U 12501,250 ft (381 m) 1,350 ft (411 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[92] data for model 500
Ryan Navion 11001,100 ft (335 m) 1,110 ft (338 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[93] data for 205 hp (153 kW) model
Scottish Aviation Pioneer 0555555 ft (169 m) 660 ft (201 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[94][95] no longer produced; (1947)
Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer 10711,071 ft (326 m) 294 yd (269 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[96]
Seawind 300C 11751,175 ft (358 m) 1,300 ft (396 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[97]
Sherpa K650T 0102102 ft (31 m) to 336 ft (102 m) 120 ft (37 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[98] up to 8 seats
Shinn 2150-A 0440440 ft (134 m) 450 ft (137 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[99] no longer produced
Short SC.7 Skyvan 10501,050 ft (320 m) 1,485 ft (451 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[100]
SIAI-Marchetti FN.333 Riviera 14001,400 ft (427 m) 1,100 ft (335 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[101]
SIAI-Marchetti SM.1019 11851,185 ft (361 m) 922 ft (281 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[102]
Spectrum SA-550 0675675 ft (206 m) 675 ft (206 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[103] converted Cessna Skymaster; (1983)
Sukhoi Su-80 Marketed as STOL[104]
TEMCO T-35 Buckaroo 0875875 ft (267 m) 740 ft (226 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[105]
Terzi T-9 Stiletto 0625625 ft (191 m) 575 ft (175 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[106]
Utva 66 11551,155 ft (352 m) 899 ft (274 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[107][108]
UTVA 75 0843843 ft (257 m) 1,040 ft (317 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[109][110]
Wassmer WA-80 0985985 ft (300 m) 985 ft (300 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[111] (1975)
Westland Lysander 0540540 ft (165 m)
(180 yds)[112]
990 ft (300 m)
(330 yds)[113]
DOD/NATO, Dictionary no longer produced; (1936)
Zenith STOL CH 701 12571,257 ft (383 m) 1,257 ft (383 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[114] 4 seats; (1986)
Zenith STOL CH 801 0400400 ft (122 m) 300 ft (91 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[115]
Zlin Z-526 L 10501,050 ft (320 m) 1,345 ft (410 m) DOD/NATO, Dictionary[76]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (JP 1-02)". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  2. ^ Crane, Dale: Dictionary of Aeronautical Terms, third edition, page 492. Aviation Supplies & Academics, 1997. ISBN 1-56027-287-2
  3. ^ Transport Canada (November 2009). "Glossary for Pilots and Air Traffic Services Personnel (TP 1158E)". Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  4. ^ Arizona Department of Transportation (n.d.). "Appendix B" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  5. ^ US House of Representatives Committee of Science and Technology (July 1984). "Statement of John Kern, Deputy Director of Flight Operations, FAA" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  6. ^ McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms (2003). "STOL aircraft". Retrieved 2009-12-25. 
  7. ^ Columbia Encyclopedia (n.d.). "short takeoff and landing aircraft". Retrieved 2009-12-25. 
  8. ^ Maiersperger, Walter P., Lieutenant Colonel, USAF (Ret) (March–April 1968). "What is STOL?". Retrieved 2009-12-25. 
  9. ^ a b Fisher Flying Products (n.d.). "Horizon 1". Retrieved 2009-10-27. 
  10. ^ Sky Arrow USA (n.d.). "Sky Arrow 600 Sport". Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  11. ^ Angel Aircraft Corporation (n.d.). "Angel Aircraft Corporation" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  12. ^ Aero Adventure Inc.Aventura II
  13. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 10.
  14. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 82.
  15. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 30.
  16. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Aeronca 11 AC Chief – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  17. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Aeronca 15 Ac Sedan – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  18. ^ GYROPLANE.AERO (n.d.). "Air & Space 18A Gyroplane – Performance". Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  19. ^ Taylor 1996, p. 109
  20. ^ a b c Plane & Pilot, p 19.
  21. ^ Taylor 1976, p.405.
  22. ^ a b Taylor 1976, p.409.
  23. ^ Taylor 1976, p.154.
  24. ^ Taylor 1996, p. 391
  25. ^ Bridgeman 1959, p 14.
  26. ^ Australian Aircraft Kits (n.d.). "Hornet STOL Performance Data" (PDF). Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  27. ^ Taylor 1988, p.381.
  28. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 14.
  29. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 17.
  30. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 15.
  31. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 16.
  32. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 86.
  33. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 20.
  34. ^ a b c Taylor 1986, p 544
  35. ^ a b Purdy, Don: AeroCrafter - Homebuilt Aircraft Sourcebook, Fifth Edition, page 127. BAI Communications, 15 July 1998. ISBN 0-9636409-4-1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Aerocrafter" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  36. ^ Taylor 1976, p.175.
  37. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 90.
  38. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 22.
  39. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 23.
  40. ^ Cessna (2009). "Cessna 162 Performance". Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  41. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 24.
  42. ^ a b c Plane & Pilot, p 25.
  43. ^ a b c Plane & Pilot, p 26.
  44. ^ Cessna (2009). "Cessna 206 Performance". Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  45. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Cessna 210 A Two Ten – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  46. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Cessna 337 B Skymaster – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  47. ^ Flight International (November 1968). "Conroy Flies the Stolifter". Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  48. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 35.
  49. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 36.
  50. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 37.
  51. ^ Pike, John (April 2005). "C-7 / CV-2 Caribou". Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  52. ^ de Havilland Canada: DHC-5A Buffalo STOL Tactical Transport, page 6. de Havilland Canada, May 1971
  53. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 97.
  54. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (January 2006). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. A20EA" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  55. ^ Bridgeman 1959, p 154.
  56. ^ Taylor 1996, p. 378
  57. ^ Evangel Aircraft Corp (n.d.). "Evangel 4500". Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  58. ^ Tony Wood and Bill Gunston; Hitler's Luftwaffe, Salamander, 2nd Imp. (1978)
  59. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 41.
  60. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 44.
  61. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 46.
  62. ^ Taylor 1971, p 112
  63. ^ Taylor 1976, p.150.
  64. ^ The New Kolb Aircraft (May 2010). "The M3X – General Description". Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  65. ^ a b Let.cz (2013). "Basic description of the L 410 UVP-E20 and its advantages". Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  66. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Lake LA-4-200 Buccaneer (land specs) 1973 & prior – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  67. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 50.
  68. ^ Flight 7 June 1945 p605
  69. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Mooney M-10 Cadet – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  70. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 53.
  71. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 54.
  72. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 56.
  73. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 58.
  74. ^ a b Pacific Aerospace (n.d.). "P750 XSTOL Technical Specifications". Retrieved 2009-12-07.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "PAC750" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  75. ^ Pacific Aerospace (n.d.). "PAC Cresco Technical Specifications". Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  76. ^ a b Plane & Pilot, p 78.
  77. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 39.
  78. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Piper J-3 Cub – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  79. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Piper PA-11 – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  80. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 59.
  81. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Piper PA-14 Cruiser – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  82. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Piper PA-16 Clipper – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  83. ^ Lambert 1993, p.375.
  84. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 60.
  85. ^ Risingup Aviation (2009). "Piper PA-23 C Turbo Aztec – Performance Data". Retrieved 2009-12-17. 
  86. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 64.
  87. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 61.
  88. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 63.
  89. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 65.
  90. ^ Lambert 1993, p.242.
  91. ^ Quest Aircraft llc (n.d.). "Quest Aircraft LLC". Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  92. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 110.
  93. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 68.
  94. ^ "Prestwick Pioneer" (pdf). Flight. 1956. The take-off run, fully loaded, is ... 180 yd to clear a 50ft obstacle 
  95. ^ Bridgeman 1948, p.90.
  96. ^ "Twin Pioneer in the Air" (pdf). Flight. 25 November 1955. p. 808. 
  97. ^ Pilotfriend (n.d.). "Seawind 300C aircraft history, performance and specifications". Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  98. ^ Sherpa Aircraft (n.d.). "K650T Specifications". Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  99. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 69.
  100. ^ Taylor 1976, p.196.
  101. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 70.
  102. ^ Taylor 1977, p.118.
  103. ^ ""Flying pick-up truck" takes off". Flight International. 12 March 1983. p. 646. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  104. ^ Sukhoi Company (JSC) (n.d.). "Su-80". Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  105. ^ Plane & Pilot, p 76.
  106. ^ Taylor 1996, p. 408
  107. ^ Taylor 1975, p.527.
  108. ^ Michell 1994, p.412.
  109. ^ Taylor 1976, p.452.
  110. ^ Michell 1994, p.413.
  111. ^ Taylor 1976, pp. 66–67.
  112. ^ "The Westland Family" (pdf). Flight. 1955. With full load...clear a 50ft obstacle in 230 yards 
  113. ^ "For Army Co-operation" (pdf). Flight. 9 June 1938. p. 576. approach distance over a 50ft. obstacle to rest 330 yards 
  114. ^ Czech Aircraft Works (January 2003). "ZENAIR CH 701 SP Flight Manual" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  115. ^ Jackson, 2004 p 806

References[edit]