List of Sahitya Akademi Award winners for Tamil
|Sahitya Akademi Award|
|Awarded by Sahitya Akademi, Government of India|
|Description||Second-highest literary honour in India|
|Cash award||₹1 lakh (US$1,500)|
|First awardee(s)||R. P. Sethu Pillai|
|Last awardee(s)||A. Madhavan|
The Sahitya Akademi Award is the second-highest literary honor in India. The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, aims at "promoting Indian literature throughout the world". The Akademi annually confers on writers of "the most outstanding books of literary merit". The awards are given for works published in any of the 24 languages recognised by the akademi. Instituted in 1954, the award recognizes and promotes excellence in writing and acknowledge new trends. The annual process of selecting awardees runs for the preceding twelve months. As of 2015, the award comprises a plaque and a cash prize of ₹1 lakh (US$1,500).
The inaugural edition of the award recognised works in twelve languages – Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. In Tamil, the first recipient of the award was R. P. Sethu Pillai, who was honoured for his collection of essays entitled Tamil Inbam in 1955. Posthumous recipients of the award include Kalki Krishnamurthy (1956), Bharathidasan (1969), Ku. Alagirisami (1970), Aadhavan Sundaram (1987) and C. S. Chellappa (2001). As of 2015, the award has been presented to 56 writers.
Rules and criteria for submissions
Although the Akademi is under the control of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India, it functions as an autonomous body. To be eligible for the award, the work must be an "outstanding contribution to the language and literature to which it belongs". It can be a "creative" or a "critical" work; translations, anthologies, abridgments, compilations, annotation, and research papers are ineligible. To contest in a particular year, the work must have been published during the last five years, prior to the preceding year.[a] In case of tiebreakers, the literary contribution and "standing" of the authors would be taken into consideration. Only Indian nationals are eligible for the award. The award will be not be given if there are no more than two contestants in the final round. The works of authors who have been awarded earlier by the Akademi – translation prize, Bal Sahitya Puraskar and Yuva Puraskar are exceptions though – are ineligible. Further, the author must not be a recipient of the Bhasha Samman or the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship. The works of members of the executive board of the Akademi are ineligible for the award. Incomplete works may be considered for the award only if a part of the work, under which it competes, is deemed "complete". A posthumous publication is eligible only if the author has been deceased for over five years starting from the current year. The Akademi does not consider direct submissions from authors or publishers.
The Akademi will prepare a "ground list", shortlisted from a set of eligible books in each of the recognized languages. Each language will have an "Advisory Board" member, who will shortlist and form and send a panel consisting of not more than five members to the President of the Akademi.
The preliminary panel consists of ten referees, who are nominated by the President upon requests received from the members of the "Advisory Board". The recommendations received from members of the "Advisory Board" of each languages will be compiled and sent to the corresponding referees, who in turn will select two entries. A committee of three members, selected by the President, out of a panel of seven names recommended by the Language "Advisory Board", chooses the awardee in each language. The jury members are selected by the President after considering the recommendations in this behalf by the members of the Language Advisory Board concerned. The Akademi purchases the books recommended by the referees in the preliminary round and sends them to the jury members and the Convener. The jury members arrive at the winners, based on consensus or by majority. The jury also has the right to declare that no book is eligible for the award during a particular year.
List of recipients
|Denotes posthumous recipients|
|1955||Sethu Pillai, R. P.R. P. Sethu Pillai||Tamil Inbam||A collection of essays|
|1956||Krishnamurthy, KalkiKalki Krishnamurthy||Alai Osai||A novel|
|1958||Rajagopalachari, C.C. Rajagopalachari||Chakravarti Tirumagan||A retelling of the Ramayana|
|1961||Varadarajan, Mu.Mu. Varadarajan||Agal Vilakku||A novel|
|1962||Somasundaram, Mi. Pa.Mi. Pa. Somasundaram||Akkarai Cheemaiyil||A travelogue|
|1963||Akilan, Akilan||Vengaiyin Maindhan||A novel|
|1965||Sri Acharya, P.P. Sri Acharya||Sri Ramanujar||A biography|
|1966||Si., Ma. Po.Ma. Po. Si.||Vallalar Kanda Orumaippadu||A biography|
|1967||Jagannathan, K. V.K. V. Jagannathan||Virar Ulagam||A literary criticism|
|1968||Srinivasa Raghavan, A.A. Srinivasa Raghavan||Vellai Paravai||A poetry|
|1969||Bharathidasan, Bharathidasan||Pisirantaiyar||A play|
|1970||Alagirisami, Ku.Ku. Alagirisami||Anbalippu||A collection of short stories|
|1971||Parthasarathy, Na.Na. Parthasarathy||Samudaya Veedhi||A novel|
|1972||Jayakanthan, D.D. Jayakanthan||Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal||A novel|
|1973||Krishnan, RajamRajam Krishnan||Verukku Neer||A novel|
|1974||Thirunavukkarasu, K. D.K. D. Thirunavukkarasu||Thirukkural Needhi Illakkiyam||A literary criticism|
|1975||Dhandayudham, R.R. Dhandayudham||Tharkkala Tamizh Illakkiyam||A literary criticism|
|1977||Parthasarathy, IndiraIndira Parthasarathy||Kuruthip Punal||Novel|
|1978||Vallikannan, Vallikannan||Pudukavithaiyin Thottramum Valarchiyum||Criticism|
|1979||Janakiraman, Thi.Thi. Janakiraman||Sakthi Vaithiyam||Short stories|
|1980||Kannadasan, Kannadasan||Cheraman Kadali||Novel|
|1981||Ramalingam, M.M. Ramalingam||Puthiya Urai Nadai||Criticism|
|1982||Ramaiya, B. S.B. S. Ramaiya||Manikkodikalam||Literary history|
|1983||Chidambara Ragunathan, T. M.T. M. Chidambara Ragunathan||Bharathi: Kalamum Karuthum||Literary criticism|
|1984||Thiripurasundari, LakshmiLakshmi Thiripurasundari||Oru Kaveriyai Pola||Novel|
|1985||Gnanasambandan, A. S.A. S. Gnanasambandan||Kamban: Putiya Parvai||Literary criticism|
|1986||Subramaniam, Ka. Naa.Ka. Naa. Subramaniam||Ilakkiyathukku oru Iyakkam||Literary criticism|
|1987||Sundaram, AadhavanAadhavan Sundaram||Mudalil Iravu Varum||Short stories|
|1988||Kulandaiswamy, V. C.V. C. Kulandaiswamy||Vazhum Valluvam||Literary criticism|
|1989||La Sa Ra, La Sa Ra||Chintanadi||Autobiographical Essays|
|1990||Samuthiram, Su.Su. Samuthiram||Veril Pazhutha Pala||Novel|
|1991||Rajanarayanan, Ki.Ki. Rajanarayanan||Gopallapurathu Makkal||Novel|
|1992||Manisekaran, Kovi.Kovi. Manisekaran||Kutralakurinji||historic novel|
|1993||Venkatram, M. V.M. V. Venkatram||Kathukal||Novel|
|1994||Ponneelan, Ponneelan||Pudhiya Dharsanangal||Novel|
|1995||Prapanchan, Prapanchan||Vanam Vasappadum||Novel|
|1996||Mitran, AshokaAshoka Mitran||Appavin Snehidar||Short stories|
|1997||Mohamed Meeran, ThoppilThoppil Mohamed Meeran||Chaivu Narkali||Novel|
|1998||Kandasamy, Sa.Sa. Kandasamy||Visaranai Commission||Novel|
|1999||Abdul Rahman, S.S. Abdul Rahman||Aalapanai||Poetry|
|2000||Sivasankaran, Thi. Ka.Thi. Ka. Sivasankaran||Vimarsanangal Mathippuraikal Pettikal||Literary criticism|
|2001||Chellappa, C. S.C. S. Chellappa||Sutanthira Daagam||Novel|
|2002||Balasubramaniam, SirpiSirpi Balasubramaniam||Oru Giraamattu Nadi||Poetry|
|2003||Vairamuthu, Vairamuthu||Kallikattu Ithikasam||Novel|
|2004||Tamilanban, Tamilanban||Vanakkam Valluva||Poetry|
|2005||Thilakavathi, G.G. Thilakavathi||Kalmaram||A novel|
|2006||Metha, Mu.Mu. Metha||Akayathukku Aduthaveedu||Poetry|
|2007||Padmanabhan, NeelaNeela Padmanabhan||Ilai Uthir Kaalam||A novel|
|2008||Ponnusamy, MelanmaiMelanmai Ponnusamy||Minsarapoo||Short story|
|2010||Nadan, NanjilNanjil Nadan||Soodiya Poo Soodarka||A collection of short stories|
|2011||Venkatesan, Su.Su. Venkatesan||Kaval Kottam||A novel|
|2012||Selvaraj, D.D. Selvaraj||Thol||A novel|
|2013||Cruz, Joe DJoe D Cruz||korkai||A novel|
|2014||Poomani, Poomani||Agngnaadi||A novel|
|2015||Madhavan, A.A. Madhavan||Ilakkiya suvadugal||A collection of essays|
|2016||Vannadasan, Vannadasan||Oru Siru Isai||Short stories|
- To compete in 2016, the work must have been published between 2009 and 2014.
- "Akademi Awards". Sahitya Akademi. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- "Poets dominate 2009 Sahitya Akademi Awards". The Hindu. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- "Akademi Awards (1955–2015)". Sahitya Akademi. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- Awarded Posthumously
- "2008 Sahitya Akademi Award list". Sahitya Akademi. Archived from the original on 17 January 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2010.
- "Sahitya Akademi award for Nanjil Nadan". The Hindu. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- சு.வெங்கடேசனுக்கு இந்த ஆண்டுக்கான சாகித்ய அகாதமி விருது
- "Sahitya Akademi award for D.Selvaraj" (PDF). Sahitya Akademi. 21 December 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.