List of Scheduled Tribes in Odisha

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Scheduled tribes of the Indian state of Odisha, as recognized by the Constitution of the Indian Republic; a total of 62 distinct tribes. The term "Scheduled Tribes" refers to specific indigenous peoples whose status is acknowledged to some formal degree by national legislation. 13 out of these 62 tribes include are known as "Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups" (PTGs). Officially known as "tribals" or "adibasi" they constitute morethan 22.5% of the state's total population (8,145,081 totally) and 9.7% of the nation's total tribal population.[1]

Main tribes[edit]

The Kondha or Kandha is the largest tribe of the state in terms of population. They have a population of about one million and are based mainly in the Kandhamal and adjoining districts namely Rayagada, Koraput, Balangir and Boudh. The Santals with a population over 500,000, inhabit the Mayurbhanj district.The Ho people with a population more than 10,000,00 inhabit in Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Jajpur, Balasore, Bhadrak, Sambalpur,Jharsuguda,Sonepur,Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Anugul, Jharsuguda, Sundergarh, Kandhamal district. The Saura, with a population over 300,000, are found mainly in the undivided Ganjam and Puri district. The Bonda, are known as 'the Naked People', and have a population of about 5,000 and live in Malkangiri district formerly part of undivided Koraput.

The Kisans are the main residents of Sundergarh, Sambalpur and Keonjhar. They speak the Kisan dialect along with Odia, Hindi and English. They are farmers and food gatherers and they are famous for their Dance and Music. Kutra Village in Sundergarh District is a major Tribal Village and the main residents of this village are the Toppo's.

List of tribes[edit]

As per the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, the following were listed as Scheduled Tribes in Odisha:

  1. Bagata [Bhakta]
  2. Baiga
  3. Banjara Banjari
  4. Bathudi [Bathuri]
  5. Bhottada, Dhotada [Bhotra, Bhatra, Bhattara, Bhotora, Bhatara]
  6. Bhuiya Bhuyan
  7. Bhumia
  8. Bhumij [Teli Bhumij, Haladipohria Bhumij, Haladi Pokharia Bhumija, Desi Bhumij, Desia Bhumij, Tamaria Bhumij]
  9. Bhunjia
  10. Binjhal [Binjhwar]
  11. Binjhia,
  12. Birhor
  13. Bondo Poraja [Bonda Paroja, Band Paroj
  14. Dal
  15. Desua Bhumji
  16. Dhurua [Dhuruba, Dhurva, dharua]
  17. Didayi [Didai Paroja, Didai]
  18. Gadaba, [Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Kapu Gadaba, Ollara Gadaba, Parenga Gadaba, Sano Gadaba]
  19. Gandia
  20. Ghara
  21. Gond
  22. Ho
  23. Holva
  24. Jatapu
  25. Juang
  26. Kandha aadivasi
  27. Kawar [Kanwar]
  28. Kharia, Kharian 1[Berga Kharia, Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia, Erenga Kharia, Munda Kharia, Oraon Kharia, Khadia, Pahari Kharia]
  29. Kharwar
  30. Khond, Kond, Kandha, Nanguli Kandha, Sitha Kandha [Kondh, Kui, Buda Kondh, Bura Kandha, Desia Kandha, Dongaria Kondh, Kutia Kandha, Jharania Kondh, Kandha, Muli Kondh, Malua Kondh, Pengo Kandha, Raja Kondh, Raj Khond]
  31. Kisan [Nagesar, Nagesia]
  32. Kol
  33. Kolha Lohar

, Kol Loharas

  1. Kolha
  2. Koli, Malhar
  3. Kondadora
  4. Kora [Khaira, Khayara]
  5. Korua
  6. Kotia
  7. Koya [Gumba Koya, Koitur Koya, Kamar Koya, Musara Koya]
  8. Kulis (kuli)
  9. Lodha [Nodh, Nodha, Lodh]
  10. Madia
  11. Mahali
  12. Mankidi
  13. Mankirdia [Mankria, Mankidi]
  14. Matya [Matia]
  15. Mirdhas [Kuda, Koda, Mirdha]
  16. Munda, Munda Lohara, Munda Mahalis [Nagabanshi Munda, Oriya Munda]
  17. Mundari
  18. Omanatya [Omanatyo, Amanatya]
  19. Oraon [Dhangar, Uran]
  20. Parenga
  21. Paroja [Parja, Bodo Paroja, Barong Jhodia Paroja, Chhelia Paroja, Jhodia Paroja, Konda Paroja, Paraja, Ponga Paroja, Sodia Paroja, Sano Paroja, Solia Paroja]
  22. Pentia
  23. Rajuar
  24. Santal
  25. Saora, Savar, Saura, Sahara [Arsi Saora, Based Saora, Bhimma Saora, Chumura Saora, Jara Savar, Jadu Saora, Jati Saora, Juari Saora, Kampu Saora, Kampa Soura, Kapo Saora, Kindal Saora, Kumbi Kancher Saora, Kalapithia Saora, Kirat Saora, Lania Soara, Lamba Lanjia Saora, Laura Saora, Luar Saora, Laria Savar, Malia, Saora, Malla Saora, Uriya Saora, Raika Saora, Sudda Saora, Sarda Saora, Tankala Saora, Patro Saora, Vesu Saora]
  26. Shabar, Lodha
  27. Sounti
  28. Tharua
  29. juang [Tharua Bindhani].[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Orissa DATA HIGHLIGHTS : THE SCHEDULED TRIBES Census of India 2001" (PDF). Census of India (2001). Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  2. ^ "The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950". Orissa. Retrieved 2009-10-02.[dead link]

External Links[edit]