List of Serb countries and regions

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The term Serbian lands has been used for medieval Serbian state creations, for Serb-inhabited territories in the Ottoman period and in political-geopraphical use[1] since the independence of Serbia and Montenegro. During the Yugoslav wars it was used for the ethnic unification of Serbs through union of Serbia, Montenegro, Republic of Srpska and Republic of Srpska Krajina.

History[edit]

Seal of prince Strojimir of Serbia, from the late 9th century

The "medieval Serbian lands" included Serbian tribes, polities and monarchies, such as Raška, Serbian Empire, etc.[1]

Roots of the Greater Serbian ideology are often traced back to Serbian minister Ilija Garašanin's Načertanije (1844),[2] who envisioned a reconstruction of the Serbian Empire and unification of "Serbian lands", which included Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, northern Albania, parts of Dalmatia and the Habsburg Military Frontier.[3]

In 1857, while traveling across "Ancient Serbia", Alexander Hilferding (1831-1872), a Russian Slavist and travel writer of German origin, wrote: "an Orthodox Serb, wherever he might live – in Bosnia, Herzegovina, Dalmatia, Hungary, Principality of Serbia – has, besides a church, one great homeland, Serbian land, which is, to tell the truth, divided among many masters, but it exists as an ideal, as the land of the unified Orthodox Serbian nation. He has his own oral tradition, folklore; he knows about Serbian Saint Sava, Serbian Emperor Dušan, Serbian martyr Lazar, popular hero Prince Marko. His current life rests upon the foundations of his nation and it is permeated with the previous historical life of the nation".[4]

The term was used by political theorist Dobrica Ćosić for the ethnic unification of Serbs through union of Serbia, Montenegro, Republika Srpska and Republic of Srpska Krajina during the Yugoslav wars (1991–95).[5]


Middle Ages[edit]

Image Map Name Years Area Notes
PetrovaCrkva2008.jpg Map of the Principality of Serbia, 12th century.png Serbian Principality 7th century-969 Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Croatia
Albania
Held by the Vlastimirović dynasty. Časlav (r. 927-960) liberated the Serbian principalities from Bulgarian rule in 927. He enlarged Serbia, uniting the tribes of eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, Old Serbia and Montenegro (incorporated Zeta, Travunia[6] and Rascia into Serbia, "ι Σερβλια").[7][8]
Miroslavs Gospel.jpg Paganija, Zahumlje, Travunija, Duklja, Croatian view.png Principalities Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Croatia
Albania
Svsimeon.jpg Map of the Principality of Serbia, 12th century.png Serbian Grand Principality (Rascia) 1091-1217 Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Croatia
Albania
Macedonia
Stefan the First-Crowned, fresco from Mileševa.jpg Balkans 1265.jpg Serbian Kingdom 1217-1346 Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Croatia
Albania
Macedonia
Fresco of Stefan Dragutin, Arilje.jpg Srem04-en.png Serbian Kingdom (Syrmia) 1282–1325 Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Car Dušan, Manastir Lesnovo, XIV vek.jpg Servia1350AD.png Serbian Empire 1346-1371 Serbia
Macedonia
Montenegro
Albania
Greece
Bulgaria
Krusevacki Grad Donzon1.jpg Central balkans 1373 1395.png dissolution of Serbian Empire into:
Flag of the Duchy of Saint Sava.svg Stefan Vukcic and the war in Zeta 1441.jpg Duchy of Saint Sava (till 1449 Duchy of Hum and the Coast) 1448–1483 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Serbia
Croatia
Đurađ Branković, Esphigmenou charter (1429).jpg Serbian Despotate (1422)-en.svg Serbian Despotate 1402-1459 (titular Serbian despots existed until 1537 in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary) Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Albania


1526-1918[edit]

Image Map Name Years Area Notes
Tsar Jovan Nenad monument.jpg Serbian empire06 map.png State of Jovan Nenad 1526-1527 Serbia
Romania
Hungary
Croatia
Stari Slankamen, remains of the medieval fortress.jpg Radoslav celnik01.png Duchy of Syrmia of Radoslav Čelnik 1527–1532 Serbia
Croatia
Serbian frontiersman in Syrmia, 1742.jpg Militargrenze, Wojwodowena und Banat.jpg Military Frontier 1579–1882 Serbia
Croatia
Romania
Hungary
Nándorfehérvár-18th century.jpg Serbia1718 1739.png Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia 1718–1739 Serbia
New serbia map.png Map of New Serbia and Slavo-Serbia New Serbia 1752–1764 Ukraine
Slavo serbia map.png Map of New Serbia and Slavo-Serbia Slavo-Serbia 1753–1764 Ukraine
Koča's Frontier 1788–1792 Serbia
Karađorđe Petrović, by Vladimir Borovikovsky, 1816.jpg Serbia1809.png Revolutionary Serbia 1804–1813 Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Bulgaria
Prince Milos Obrenovic.jpg Principality of Serbia in 1878 EN.png Principality of Serbia 1815–1882 Serbia
The May Assembly 1848 in Sremski Karlovci.jpg Vojvodina03.png Serbian Voivodeship 1848–1849 Serbia
Croatia
Hungary
Romania
Grosswojwod.jpg Map of Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar (1849-1860).png Voivodeship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat 1849–1860 Serbia
Romania
Hungary
Proglasenje kraljevine srbije 1882.jpg Kingdom of Serbia in 1913 Kingdom of Serbia 1882–1918 Serbia
Montenegro
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonia

1918-1990s[edit]

1990s[edit]

Present political entities[edit]

Countries and territories with a Serb ethnic majority (Serbia and Republika Srpska) and minority (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Kosovo) in 2010.

This is the list of the current states and regions where Serbs are in absolute or relative ethnic majority, are one of the constitutional or recognized peoples or Serbian language is official:

  • Serbia (Serb majority; 83.3% ethnic Serbs)

Diaspora[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vuković & Vemić 2014.
  2. ^ Cohen, Philip J.; Riesman, David (1996). Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History. Texas A&M University Press. p. 3. ISBN 0-89096-760-1.
  3. ^ Balazs Trencsenyi; Michal Kopecek (1 November 2006). National Romanticism: The Formation of National Movements. Central European University Press. pp. 240–. ISBN 978-963-7326-60-8.
  4. ^ "Elements Of Ethnic Identification Of The Serbs" (PDF): 727.
  5. ^ Dejan Jović (January 2009). Yugoslavia: A State that Withered Away. Purdue University Press. pp. 135–. ISBN 978-1-55753-495-8.
  6. ^ The entry of the Slavs into Christendom, p. 209
  7. ^ The early medieval Balkans, p. 160
  8. ^ Južnoslavensko pitanje, p. 48
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Information on the status of Serbian people in the neighbouring countries, Ministry for Diaspora, Republic of Serbia". Archived from the original on 2007-11-24. Retrieved 2007-05-15.

Sources[edit]

Primary sources
Secondary sources