Outline of Serbia

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The location of Serbia (disputed, see Kosovo)
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Serbia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Serbia:

Serbialandlocked sovereign country located in Southeastern Europe and comprising the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain and a central portion of the Balkan Peninsula.[1] Serbia is bordered by Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; the Republic of Macedonia and constitutionally only, Albania (via Kosovo, a disputed territory over which Serbia has no control, thus no direct access to Albania)[2] to the south; and Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the west. The capital of Serbia is Belgrade.

For centuries, shaped at cultural boundaries between East and West, a powerful medieval kingdom – later renamed the Serbian Empire – occupied much of the Balkans. Torn by domestic feuds, Ottoman, Hungarian, and later, Austrian incursions, the Serbian state collapsed by the mid-16th century. The positive outcome of the Serbian revolution in 1817 marked the birth of modern Serbia. Within a century it reacquired Kosovo, Raška and Vardar Macedonia from the Ottoman Empire. Likewise, in 1918 the former autonomous Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina proclaimed its secession from Austria-Hungary to unite with Serbia, preceded by the Syrmia region.

The current borders of the country were established following the end of World War II, when Serbia became a federal unit within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Serbia became an independent state again in 2006, after Montenegro left the union that formed after the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1990s.

In February 2008, the parliament of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia. Serbia's government, as well as the UN Security Council, have not recognized Kosovo's independence. The response from the international community has been mixed. Serbia is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, and the Council of Europe, and is an associate member of the European Union.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Serbia

Geography of Serbia[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Serbia
Main article: Geography of Serbia
 Romania 476 km
 Bulgaria 318 km
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 302 km
 Croatia 241 km
 Hungary 151 km
 Montenegro 203 km
 Macedonia 221 km
 Albania 112 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Serbia[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Serbia

Natural geographic features of Serbia[edit]

Regions of Serbia[edit]

Main article: Regions of Serbia

Ecoregions of Serbia[edit]

Administrative divisions of Serbia[edit]

Districts of Serbia[edit]

Main article: Districts of Serbia
Central Serbia


Kosovo and Metohija

Municipalities of Serbia[edit]

Demography of Serbia[edit]

Government and politics of Serbia[edit]

Politics of Serbia

Branches of the government of Serbia[edit]

Main article: Government of Serbia

Executive branch of the government of Serbia[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Serbia[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Serbia[edit]

Foreign relations of Serbia[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Serbia is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Serbia[edit]

Main article: Law of Serbia

Military of Serbia[edit]

Main article: Military of Serbia

Local government in Serbia[edit]

History of Serbia[edit]

Culture of Serbia[edit]

Main article: Culture of Serbia

Art in Serbia[edit]

Sports in Serbia[edit]

Main article: Sports in Serbia

Economy and infrastructure of Serbia[edit]

Main article: Economy of Serbia

Education in Serbia[edit]

Main article: Education in Serbia

Science in Serbia[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Serbia


External links[edit]


  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Wikimedia Atlas of Serbia