List of Shiva temples in India

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Shiva is a Hindu deity worshipped by Shaivaites in India as the destroyer of ignorance spread all across the universe. As one of the three main gods in the Hindu pantheon, there are temples dedicated to his worship in India (and abroad). The most prominent of these are the Jyotirlinga temples and Mellacheruvu Swayabhu Shambhulingeshwara Swami. In Shaivism, Shiva is the god of all and is described as worshipped by all, including Devas (gods) like Brahma,vishnu and Indra, Asuras (demons) like Banasura and Ravana, humans like Adi Shankara and Nayanars, and creatures as diverse as Jatayu, an eagle, and Vali, an ape. Deities, rishis (sages), and grahas (planets) worshipped Shiva and established Shivalingas in various places.

Jyotirlinga temples[edit]

List of Shiva temples in India is located in India
Somnath
Somnath
Mallikarjunaswamy
Mallikarjunaswamy
Mahakaleshwar
Mahakaleshwar
Omkareshwar
Omkareshwar
Baidyanath
Baidyanath
Bhimashankar
Bhimashankar
Rameshwaram
Rameshwaram
Nageshwar
Nageshwar
Vishwanath
Vishwanath
Triambkeshwar
Triambkeshwar
Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Grineshwar
Grineshwar
Location of 12 Jyotirlinga temples.


The 12 Jyotirlinga temples as mentioned in the Shiva Purana are as listed below.[1]

# Jyotirlinga Location
1 Somnath Somanatha view-II.JPG Prabhas Patan, Veraval, Gujarat
2 Mallikarjuna Swamy Srisailam-temple-entrance.jpg Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh
3 Mahakaleshwar Mahakal Temple Ujjain.JPG Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
4 Omkareshwar Omkareshwar Temple 01.jpg near Indore, Madhya Pradesh
5 Kedarnath Kedarnath Temple.jpg Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
6 Bhimashankar Bhimashankar.jpg Pune, Maharashtra
7 Kashi Vishwanath Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
8 Trimbakeshwar Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple, Trimbak, Nashik district.jpg Trimbak, near Nasik, Maharashtra
9 Baidyanath
Baidyanath Dham
Deoghar, Jharkhand
10 Nageshwar Jageshwar main.JPG Jamnagar, Gujarat
11 Ramanathaswamy Ramanathaswamy temple7.JPG Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
12 Grishneshwar Grishneshwar Temple.jpg Ellora, Maharashtra

Pancha Bootha Sthalas (Five Elemental Manifestations)[edit]

In South India, five temples of Shiva are held to be particularly important, as being manifestations of him in the five elemental substances.

Deity Manifestation Location
Jambukeshwar Tvkoil.JPG Water Thiruvanaikaval, Tamil Nadu
Arunachaleswar View over Arunchaleshvara Temple from the Red Mountain - Tiruvannamalai - India 01.JPG Fire Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
Kalahastheeswar Air Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh
Ekambareswarar Earth Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
Nataraja Natraja Temple.jpg Sky Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu

Panchaaraama temples[edit]

The Pancharama Kshetras (or the Pancharamas) are five ancient Hindu temples of Lord Shiva situated in Andhra Pradesh. The Sivalingas at these temples are made from a single Sivalinga. As per the legend, this Sivalinga was owned by the demon king Tarakasura. No one could win over him due to the power of this Sivalinga. Finally, Lord Kumaraswamy, the son of Lord Shiva broke the Sivalinga into five pieces and killed Tarakasura. The five pieces of Sivalinga fell at five different places on earth namely,

Bhimesvara Swamy Temple in Draksharama, one of the Pancharama Kshetras
Arama Name Siva's Name Consort Name Location
Amararama Amaralingeswara Swamy Bala Chamundika Ammavaru Amaravathi, Andhra Pradesh
Draksharama Bhimesvara Swamy Manikyamba Ammavaru Draksharama , Andhra Pradesh
Somarama Someswara Swamy Sri Rajarajeswari Ammavaru Bhimavaram , Andhra Pradesh
Ksheerarama Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy Parvati Ammavaru Palakol , Andhra Pradesh
Bhimarama Kumara Bhimeswara Swamy Bala Tripurasundari Ammavaru Samalkota , Andhra Pradesh

Sabha temples[edit]

The five temples located in Tamil Nadu where Shiva is believed to perform Bharata Natyam dance are:

Sabha Temple Location
Pon (Gold) Sabha Natarajar Temple Chidambaram
Velli (Silver) Sabha Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple Madurai
Thamira (Copper) Sabha Nellaiappar Temple Tirunelveli
Rathna (Gem) Sabha Sri Vadaranyeswarar Temple Thiruvalangadu
Chitira (Picture) Sabha Kutraleeswar Temple Kutralam

Shani Parihara Temples[edit]

Sabha Temple Location
Shani Parihara Chenchadainathar Shiva Temple Sayalkudi |- Shani Parihara Sri Mandeswara Swamy Vari Devasthanam East Godavari District , Andhra Pradesh

Kashiswar Jiu temple[edit]

The deity Kashiswar Jiu with the gauripatta in the temple.

Kashiswar Jiu temple (काशीश्वर जिउ मंदिर) is in Andul of Howrah district near the Saraswati river, West Bengal in India. The presiding deity is a Banlinga which was recovered from the river in mid 17th century by Kashiswar Datta Chowdhury, a local zamindar. In 18th century a stone made yoni-like structure (Gauripatta) that symbolizes goddess Shakti has been attached with the Linga after Bargi attacked in 1741 AD. The deity is consider to be one of the oldest in the district.

Other deities with Kashiswar Jiu
Deities Year
Biseshwara 1785 AD
Nakuleshwara 19th century circa
Saurendra Mohaneshwara 18th century circa

The temples are presently run by SrisriKashiswar Debottur Trust.

Other notable temples[edit]

  • Nepal Kathamandu(Pasupathinath temple)
Andhra Pradesh

Assam

Bihar

Goa
Gujarat
Jammu and Kashmir
Karnataka
Kerala
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Odisha
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Telangana
Uttarakhand
Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ B. K. Chaturvedi (2004). Shiv Purana. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. pp. 58–72. ISBN 8171827217. Retrieved 5 August 2014.