List of siege engines
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By age, oldest to newest
|Siege tower||9th Century BCE||Assyria||A giant mobile tower, often constructed at location.|
|Battering ram||9th Century BCE||Assyria||First siege engine recorded to be used, soon adopted by Sparta.|
|Catapult||400 BCE||Greece||A signature siege engine, used until world war I.|
|Ballista||400 BCE||Syracuse, Sicily||A very large and powerful crossbow.|
|Trebuchet||4th Century BCE||China||Similar to the catapult, but uses a swinging arm to launch projectiles. It is usually considered to be stronger than the catapult.|
|Helepolis||305 BCE||Rhodes||Roman siege tower first used in Rhodes.|
|Sambuca||213 BCE||Sicily||Roman seaborne siege engine build on two ships.|
|Scorpio||52 BCE||Gaul||Similar to the ballista, but smaller. Was sometimes mounted on a mule-drawn cart. |
|Springald||11th century||Byzantium||An inward shooting piece of siege equipment. |
|Artillery||First seen in 14th century, only called artillery around the 15th and 16th century ||China||After the invention of gunpowder in China, the ability to create firearms and siege artillery was open, siege technology advanced from here but, under the artillery category. There is fewer use for this kind of technology today after the invention of rockets and high grade explosives.|
- "The Battering Ram - lordsandladies". Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- Baintighearn Aimiliona Tevnane CW. "Catapult History and Modern Day Construction - midrealm". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Ballista - lordsandladies". Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Trebuchet - lordsandladies". Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- Article by James Yates, M.A., F.R.S. (6 August 2012). "Helepolis - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, John Murray, London, 1875". Retrieved 25 May 2017.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Vegetius, De re militari, II, 25.
- Nicolle, pp. 173–174, the espringal is depicted, in the form of a fairly detailed diagram, in an 11th-century Byzantine manuscript
- Andrew Knighton (25 November 2015). "12 Key Moments in the History of Artillery". Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- Ian Vernon Hogg (28 December 2011). "Artillery". Retrieved 21 October 2017.