List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Norfolk

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The following is a list of Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) in Norfolk, England. In England the body responsible for designating SSSIs is Natural England, which chooses a site because of its fauna, flora, geological or physiographical features.

As of May 2018 there are 163 SSSIs in Norfolk. 123 are biological, 25 geological and 15 both biological and geological.

Key[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Sites[edit]

Site name Photograph B G Area[a] Public access Location[a] Other classifications Map[b] Citation[c] Description
Alderfen Broad Alderfen Broad Green tickY 21.3 hectares
(53 acres)
[1]
YES Norwich
52°43′12″N 1°29′02″E / 52.72°N 1.484°E / 52.72; 1.484 (Alderfen Broad)
TG 354 195
[1]
NWT,[2] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This area of fenland peat has open water, carr woodland and reedswamp. Breeding birds include the great crested grebe, water rail, grasshopper warbler and reed warbler.[6]
Alderford Common Green tickY 17.5 hectares
(43 acres)
[7]
Norwich
52°43′12″N 1°08′56″E / 52.720°N 1.149°E / 52.720; 1.149 (Alderford Common)
TG 128 183
[7]
Map Citation
Ant Broads and Marshes Ant Broads and Marshes Green tickY 745.3 hectares
(1,842 acres)
[8]
PP Great Yarmouth
52°44′20″N 1°30′07″E / 52.739°N 1.502°E / 52.739; 1.502 (Ant Broads and Marshes)
TG 365 215
[8]
NCR,[9] NNR,[10][11] NWT,[12] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This site in the valley of the River Ant is part of the Broadland, which is described by Natural England as "finest example of unpolluted valley fen in Western Europe". It has a network of dykes which support a diverse variety of aquatic plants, and its fenland invertebrate fauna is of national importance.[13]
Aslacton Parish Land Aslacton Parish Land Green tickY 4.4 hectares
(11 acres)
[14]
NO Norwich
52°28′52″N 1°10′26″E / 52.481°N 1.174°E / 52.481; 1.174 (Aslacton Parish Land)
TM 156 917
[14]
Map Citation This site has wet and dry unimproved meadows with a rich flora. Uncommon species include marsh arrowgrass, yellow rattle, fragrant orchid, common butterwort and adder's tongue. Snipe often breed there.[15]
Badley Moor Badley Moor Green tickY 18.3 hectares
(45 acres)
[16]
YES Dereham
52°39′58″N 0°58′26″E / 52.666°N 0.974°E / 52.666; 0.974 (Badley Moor)
TG 012 117
[16]
SAC[17] Map Citation This area of spring fed fen and grassland in the valley of the River Tud has tufa hummocks formed by the deposit of calcium carbonate. It has an exceptionally rich fen community with a carpet of moss on wet slopes with many unusual plants. There are overgrown dykes with flora including narrow-leaved water-parsnip and water dropwort.[18]
Barnham Cross Common Barnhamcross Common Green tickY 69.1 hectares
(171 acres)
[19]
YES Thetford
52°23′53″N 0°44′24″E / 52.398°N 0.740°E / 52.398; 0.740 (Barnhamcross Common)
TL 865 813
[19]
LNR,[20] NCR,[21] SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation This grassland and heath common has diverse habitats and a rich flora, including several nationally rare plants. There are nearly a hundred species of birds, including sixty which breed on the site, and a wide range of invertebrates.[24]
Bawsey Bawsey Green tickY 2.6 hectares
(6.4 acres)
[25]
NO King's Lynn
52°44′46″N 0°29′13″E / 52.746°N 0.487°E / 52.746; 0.487 (Bawsey)
TF 680 194
[25]
GCR[26] Map Citation This site has Quaternary till, unsorted glacial sediments, with a depth of up to five metres. It is separated from the main East Anglian till sheet, and it is the type site for the Bawsey Calcareous Till.[27]
Beeston Cliffs Green tickY Green tickY 10.3 hectares
(25 acres)
[28]
Cromer
52°56′35″N 1°13′37″E / 52.943°N 1.227°E / 52.943; 1.227 (Beeston Cliffs)
TG 169 433
[28]
GCR[29] Map Citation
Beetley and Hoe Meadows Beetley and Hoe Meadows Green tickY 11.4 hectares
(28 acres)
[30]
PP Dereham
52°42′54″N 0°55′48″E / 52.715°N 0.930°E / 52.715; 0.930 (Beetley and Hoe Meadows)
TF 980 171
[30]
NWT[31] Map Citation This site is described by Natural England as "one of the finest remaining areas of wet unimproved grassland in Norfolk". It is traditionally managed by summer grazing, with plants such as glaucous Sedge and bog pimpernel in marshy parts and blunt-flowered rush and carnation sedge in permanently wet areas.[32]
Bilsey Hill Green tickY 3.0 hectares
(7.4 acres)
[33]
Holt
52°56′02″N 1°00′32″E / 52.934°N 1.009°E / 52.934; 1.009 (Bilsey Hill)
TG 023 416
[33]
AONB,[34] GCR[35] Map Citation
Blackborough End Pit Blackborough End Pit Green tickY 13.2 hectares
(33 acres)
[36]
NO King's Lynn
52°42′07″N 0°28′08″E / 52.702°N 0.469°E / 52.702; 0.469 (Blackborough End Pit)
TF 669 145
[36]
GCR[37] Map Citation This site is important as a demonstration of erosion during the Lower Cretaceous. The Carstone Formation, which dates to the Albian around 110 million years ago, rests unconformably on the Leziate Beds, which date to the Valanginian, over 130 million years ago, and the normally intervening Dersingham Beds are missing.[38]
Blo' Norton and Thelnetham Fens Thelnetham Fen Green tickY 21.3 hectares
(53 acres)
[39]
YES Diss
52°22′12″N 0°57′40″E / 52.370°N 0.961°E / 52.370; 0.961 (Blo' Norton and Thelnetham Fens)
TM 017 788
[39]
NCR,[40] SAC,[41] Map[d] Citation The site is designated mainly because of its open carr fen communities, although further interest is provided by areas of carr woodland and meadows. Calcareous fen flora include black bog rush, saw sedge, purple moor grass and fen orchid.[42]
Booton Common Booton Common Green tickY 8.2 hectares
(20 acres)
[43]
YES Norwich
52°45′47″N 1°07′44″E / 52.763°N 1.129°E / 52.763; 1.129 (Booton Common)
TG 112 230
[43]
NWT,[44] SAC[17] Map Citation The common has diverse habitats, including wet calcareous fen grassland, acid heath, tall fen, alder woodland and a stream. Wet hollows are floristically rich and there are a variety of breeding birds.[45]
Boughton Fen Boughton Fen Green tickY 15.7 hectares
(39 acres)
[46]
YES King's Lynn
52°34′59″N 0°32′02″E / 52.583°N 0.534°E / 52.583; 0.534 (Boughton Fen)
TF 718 014
[46]
Map Citation This valley in a tributary of the River Wissey is covered by tall fen over most of the site, together with areas of scrub which provide a habitat for breeding birds. There are many uncommon species of moths, including the rare Perizoma sagittaria.[47]
Bramerton Pits Bramerton Pits Green tickY 0.7 hectares
(1.7 acres)
[48]
YES Norwich
52°36′11″N 1°23′20″E / 52.603°N 1.389°E / 52.603; 1.389 (Bramerton Pits)
TG 296 060
[48]
GCR[49][50] Map Citation The site is composed of two disused gravel pits which are important for the study of the Lower Pleistocene. Bramerton Common Pit is the type site of the Norwich Crag Formation and Blakes Pit is the type site of the Bramertonian Stage. Both pits have yielded rich, mainly marine vertebrate fossils.[51]
Breckland Farmland Breckland Farmland Green tickY 13,394.0 hectares
(33,097 acres)
[52]
PP Brandon
52°26′06″N 0°38′28″E / 52.435°N 0.641°E / 52.435; 0.641 (Breckland Farmland)
TL 796 852
[52]
SPA[23] Map[d] Citation The site is designated an SSSI for its internationally important population of stone-curlews. These birds nest in March on bare ground in cultivated land with very short vegetation. Fields with sugar beet and vegetables and no recreational disturbance are preferred.[53]
Breckland Forest Breckland Forest Green tickY Green tickY 18,126.0 hectares
(44,790 acres)
[54]
PP Brandon
52°27′07″N 0°40′48″E / 52.452°N 0.680°E / 52.452; 0.680 (Breckland Forest)
TL 822 872
[54]
LNR,[55] SPA[23] Map[d] Citation The forest has breeding Woodlarks and nightjars in internationally important numbers, and several nationally rare vascular plants and invertebrates on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. There are also geological sites which provide evidence of the environmental and human history of East Anglia during the Middle Pleistocene.[56]
Breydon Water Breydon Water Green tickY 514.4 hectares
(1,271 acres)
[57]
PP Great Yarmouth
52°36′18″N 1°40′48″E / 52.605°N 1.680°E / 52.605; 1.680 (Breydon Water)
TG 493 072
[57]
LNR,[58] Ramsar,[59] RSPB,[60] SPA[61] Map Citation This inland tidal estuary has large areas of mud at low tide, and it provides an ample food supply for migrating and wintering wildfowl and waders. There are nationally important numbers of several species of wintering wildfowl, including rare species.[62]
Bridgham and Brettenham Heaths Brettenham Heath Green tickY 439.9 hectares
(1,087 acres)
[63]
YES Norwich
52°26′31″N 0°49′41″E / 52.442°N 0.828°E / 52.442; 0.828 (Bridgham and Brettenham Heaths)
TL 923 864
[63]
NCR,[64] NNR,[65] SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation The dominant plants on this dry acidic heath are heather and wavy hair-grass. There are also areas of scrub and woodland. The site supports many species of breeding birds, including common curlews and nightjars.[66]
The Brinks, Northwold The Brinks, Northwold Green tickY 16.4 hectares
(41 acres)
[67]
NO Thetford
52°31′41″N 0°35′10″E / 52.528°N 0.586°E / 52.528; 0.586 (The Brinks, Northwold)
TL 755 954
[67]
Map Citation These unimproved meadows have areas of tall herbs and grassland grazed by cattle and sheep. There are also areas of woodland and several ponds. More than 140 flowering plants have been recorded, including green-winged orchid, black knapweed and pepper saxifrage.[68]
Briton's Lane Gravel Pit Green tickY 21.5 hectares
(53 acres)
[69]
Sheringham
52°55′34″N 1°13′30″E / 52.926°N 1.225°E / 52.926; 1.225 (Briton's Lane Gravel Pit)
TG 169 414
[69]
AONB,[34] GCR[70] Map Citation
Broad Fen, Dilham Broad Fen, Dilham Green tickY 38.4 hectares
(95 acres)
[71]
NO North Walsham
52°46′26″N 1°28′16″E / 52.774°N 1.471°E / 52.774; 1.471 (Broad Fen, Dilham)
TG 342 253
[71]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This site's diverse habitats include fen, carr woodland, open water and fen meadows. The open water includes ponds which were dug to attract wildfowl, a stretch of the Dilham Canal and dykes. Aquatic plants include bladderwort and white water lily.[72]
Broome Heath Pit Broome Heath Pit Green tickY 1.2 hectares
(3.0 acres)
[73]
YES Bungay
52°28′23″N 1°27′14″E / 52.473°N 1.454°E / 52.473; 1.454 (Broome Heath Pit)
TM 347 917
[73]
GCR,[74] LNR[75] Map Citation This site exposes rocks dating to the Wolstonian glaciation between around 350,000 and 130,000 years ago. It provides the only surviving exposure of the Broome Terrace, the flood plain of an ancient river. Ice wedges and fossils of Arctic flora and fauna indicate a tundra environment.[76]
Bryant's Heath, Felmingham Bryant's Heath Green tickY 17.7 hectares
(44 acres)
[77]
YES North Walsham
52°48′50″N 1°20′56″E / 52.814°N 1.349°E / 52.814; 1.349 (Bryant's Heath, Felmingham)
TG 258 293
[77]
Map Citation Most of this site is dry acidic heath on glacial sands, but there are also areas of wet heath, fen and carr woodland. Several unusual mosses and lichens have been recorded in wetter areas.[78]
Bure Broads and Marshes Bure Broads and Marshes Green tickY 741.1 hectares
(1,831 acres)
[79]
PP Norwich
52°41′24″N 1°28′23″E / 52.690°N 1.473°E / 52.690; 1.473 (Bure Broads and Marshes)
TG 348 159
[79]
NCR,[80] NNR[81] NWT,[82][83] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This is described by Natural England as a "nationally and internationally important wetland complex is situated on fenland peats in the floodplain of the River Bure". A notable feature is an extensive area of swamp alder carr on unstable peats and mud. There are a number of rare bird and butterfly species.[84]
Burgh Common and Muckfleet Marshes Burgh Common and Muckfleet Marshes Green tickY 121.5 hectares
(300 acres)
[85]
FP Great Yarmouth
52°39′25″N 1°36′22″E / 52.657°N 1.606°E / 52.657; 1.606 (Burgh Common and Muckfleet Marshes)
TG 440 127
[85]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation The Muck Fleet, a tributary of the River Bure, runs through this wetland site, which is traditionally managed by grazing and mowing. Habitats include tall fen, fen meadows and drainage dykes. The rich flora includes rare plants and invertebrates also include a number of rare species such as the swallowtail butterfly Papilio machaon and the freshwater snail Anisus vorticulus.[86]
Buxton Heath Buxton Heath Green tickY 67.3 hectares
(166 acres)
[87]
YES Norwich
52°44′56″N 1°13′12″E / 52.749°N 1.220°E / 52.749; 1.220 (Buxton Heath)
TG 174 217
[87]
NCR,[88] SAC[17] Map Citation This site has areas of dry acidic heath on glacial sands, but the main ecological interest lies in the mire along the valley of a small stream. There are a number of rare relict mosses, liverworts and fungi, and uncommon invertebrates include one species not previously recorded in Britain.[89]
Caistor St Edmund Chalk Pit Caistor St Edmund Chalk Pit Green tickY 23.6 hectares
(58 acres)
[90]
NO Norwich
52°35′42″N 1°18′22″E / 52.595°N 1.306°E / 52.595; 1.306 (Caistor St. Edmund Chalk Pit)
TG 240 048
[90]
GCR[91][92] Map Citation This site provides the best exposure of the late Campanian Beeston Chalk, around 75 million years ago. It is very fossiliferous, with many molluscs and sea urchins.[93]
Calthorpe Broad Green tickY 43.5 hectares
(107 acres)
[94]
Norwich
52°46′37″N 1°34′23″E / 52.777°N 1.573°E / 52.777; 1.573 (Calthorpe Broad)
TG 411 259
[94]
NCR,[95] NNR,[96] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation
Cantley Marshes Cantley Marshes Green tickY 272.1 hectares
(672 acres)
[97]
PP Norwich
52°34′55″N 1°29′49″E / 52.582°N 1.497°E / 52.582; 1.497 (Cantley Marshes)
TG 370 040
[97]
NNR,[98] Ramsar,[3] RSPB,[99] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This site in the Yare valley is mainly species-rich grazing marsh with areas of wet alder carr and tall herb fen along the river bank. Invertebrates include two nationally rare dragonflies, and the marshes have several important breeding bird species and an internationally important population of wintering wigeon.[100]
Castle Acre Common Castle Acre Common Green tickY 17.8 hectares
(44 acres)
[101]
YES King's Lynn
52°42′11″N 0°39′58″E / 52.703°N 0.666°E / 52.703; 0.666 (Castle Acre Common)
TF 802 151
[101]
Map Citation This unimproved grazing marsh on the banks of the River Nar has diverse grassland habitats, and the marshy conditions provide nesting sites for several wetland bird species. There are acidic flushes where springs emerge from sands in the bottom of the valley.[102]
Catton Grove Chalk Pit Catton Grove Chalk Pit Green tickY 0.6 hectares
(1.5 acres)
[103]
NO Norwich
52°38′56″N 1°17′31″E / 52.649°N 1.292°E / 52.649; 1.292 (Catton Grove Chalk Pit)
TG 228 108
[103]
GCR[104] Map Citation This Cretaceous site exposes rocks dating to the late Campanian, around 75 million years ago, and it is the type site for the Catton Sponge Bed. Its well preserved fossils include many undescribed sponges and important ammonites.[105]
Cawston and Marsham Heaths Cawston and Marsham Heaths Green tickY 116.7 hectares
(288 acres)
[106]
YES Norwich
52°46′01″N 1°12′50″E / 52.767°N 1.214°E / 52.767; 1.214 (Cawston and Marsham Heaths)
TG 169 237
[106]
Map Citation These heaths are dominated by heather, and they have diverse flora including a rich variety of lichens. Many species of heathland birds breed on the site, including tree pipits, whinchats and nightjars.[107]
Cockthorpe Common, Stiffkey  Cockthorpe Common Green tickY 7.1 hectares
(18 acres)
[108]
YES Wells-next-the-Sea
52°56′49″N 0°57′07″E / 52.947°N 0.952°E / 52.947; 0.952 (Cockthorpe Common, Stiffkey)
TF 984 429
[108]
AONB[34] Map Citation This common in the valley of the River Stiffkey has a varied chalk grassland flora on steep slopes. Herbs are abundant, including salad burnet, dropwort, common rock-rose, large thyme and cowslip.[109]
Coston Fen, Runhall Green tickY 7.1 hectares
(18 acres)
[110]
Norwich
52°37′05″N 1°02′35″E / 52.618°N 1.043°E / 52.618; 1.043 (Coston Fen, Runhall)
TG 061 066
[110]
SAC[17] Map Citation
Cranberry Rough, Hockham Cranberry Rough Green tickY Green tickY 81.1 hectares
(200 acres)
[111]
PP Thetford
52°30′18″N 0°50′42″E / 52.505°N 0.845°E / 52.505; 0.845 (Cranberry Rough Hockham)
TL 932 935
[111]
GCR,[112] LNR,[55] NCR,[113] SPA[23] Map Citation This former lake has swamp woodland, grassland, tall fen and a network of ditches and pools. It has a diverse range of wetland plants and insects, especially butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies. Large areas are covered with sphagnum mosses.[114]
Cranwich Camp Cranwich Camp Green tickY 13.1 hectares
(32 acres)
[115]
YES Thetford
52°30′58″N 0°36′47″E / 52.516°N 0.613°E / 52.516; 0.613 (Cranwich Camp)
TL 774 941
[115]
SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation This former army camp in the Breckland is now grassland, and it has a high value both entomologically and botanically. It has four Red Data Book insects and three Red Data Book plants. Rabbits help to maintain the diverse flora and disturbed ground.[116]
Crostwick Marsh  Crostwick Marsh Green tickY 11.6 hectares
(29 acres)
[117]
YES Norwich
52°41′56″N 1°20′46″E / 52.699°N 1.346°E / 52.699; 1.346 (Crostwick Marsh)
TG 262 165
[117]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This marsh is in the valley of the Crostwick Beck, a tributary of the River Bure. It has areas of damp grassland, tall fen, species-rich fen grassland, [[alder carr, scrub and dykes. There is a variety of breeding marshland birds.[118]
Damgate Marshes, Acle Damgate Marshes Green tickY 64.7 hectares
(160 acres)
[119]
FP Norwich
52°37′52″N 1°33′47″E / 52.631°N 1.563°E / 52.631; 1.563 (Damgate Marshes, Acle)
TG 412 096
[119]
Ramsar,[3] SAC[4] Map Citation These traditionally managed grazing marshes and dykes are a nationally important wetland site. Their ecological significance lies mainly in the dykes, which have several uncommon water plants and a great diversity of aquatic invertebrates.[120]
Decoy Carr, Acle Decoy Carr, Acle Green tickY 56.0 hectares
(138 acres)
[121]
NO Norwich
52°37′30″N 1°33′07″E / 52.625°N 1.552°E / 52.625; 1.552 (Decoy Carr, Acle)
TG 405 090
[121]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This area of wet carr woodland, fen, reedbeds and open water, is spring fed. It has a number of rare Arctic–alpine mosses, such as Cinclidium stygium and Camptothecium nitens, which indicate only minor disturbance since the end of the last ice age. There is a network of dykes which have clear spring water and a variety of water plants.[122]
Dereham Rush Meadow Green tickY 22.2 hectares
(55 acres)
[123]
Dereham
52°41′20″N 0°55′08″E / 52.689°N 0.919°E / 52.689; 0.919 (Dereham Rush Meadow)
TF 974 141
[123]
Map Citation
Dersingham Bog Dersingham Bog Green tickY Green tickY 159.1 hectares
(393 acres)
[124]
YES King's Lynn
52°49′52″N 0°28′55″E / 52.831°N 0.482°E / 52.831; 0.482 (Dersingham Bog)
TF 673 288
[124]
AONB,[34] GCR,[125] NCR,[126] NNR,[127] Ramsar,[128] SAC[129] Map Citation This is the largest and most intact acid valley mire in East Anglia, and it is of ornithological and entomological interest. Dersingham Pit is important for establishing the rock sequence in the Lower Cretaceous in Norfolk.[130]
Didlington Park Lakes Stream from Didlington Park Lakes Green tickY 26.1 hectares
(64 acres)
[131]
NO Thetford
52°32′10″N 0°37′08″E / 52.536°N 0.619°E / 52.536; 0.619 (Didlington Park Lakes)
TL 777 963
[131]
Map Citation These three artificial lakes probably date to the early nineteenth century. They are an important breeding site for wildfowl, including gadwal, teal, mallard, shoveler, tufted duck and great crested grebe.[132]
Dillington Carr Dillington Carr Green tickY 50.0 hectares
(124 acres)
[133]
NO Dereham
52°42′14″N 0°54′50″E / 52.704°N 0.914°E / 52.704; 0.914 (Dillington Carr)
TF 970 158
[133]
Map Citation This valley in a tributary of the River Wensum has extensive irrigation reservoirs and areas of carr woodland. An outstanding variety of birds breed on the site, including gadwalls, great crested grebe and tufted ducks on the reservoirs and barn owls, lesser spotted woodpeckers and willow tit in the woodland.[134]
Ducan's Marsh Ducan's Marsh Green tickY 3.6 hectares
(8.9 acres)
[135]
NO Norwich
52°34′19″N 1°27′00″E / 52.572°N 1.450°E / 52.572; 1.450 (Ducan's Marsh)
TG 339 027
[135]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This unimproved area of wet grassland is in the valley of Carleton Beck, a small tributary of the River Yare. There are species rich fen and fen grassland communities in areas around springs on the side of the valley. The grassland is maintained by light summer grazing and it has a number of uncommon plants.[136]
East Harling Common East Harling Common Green tickY 15.1 hectares
(37 acres)
[137]
YES Norwich
52°27′11″N 0°56′20″E / 52.453°N 0.939°E / 52.453; 0.939 (East Harling Common)
TL 998 879
[137]
Map Citation The importance of this site lies in its pingos, periglacial ground ice depressions, and it has many scarce species of beetles. There are also areas of chalk grassland and floristically rich fen.[138]
East Runton Cliffs East Runton Cliffs Green tickY 20.6 hectares
(51 acres)
[139]
YES Cromer
52°56′17″N 1°16′16″E / 52.938°N 1.271°E / 52.938; 1.271 (East Runton Cliffs)
TG 199 429
[139]
GCR[140][141] Map Citation The foreshore exposes Lower Pleistocene sediments, including large blocks of glacitectonic (transported by ice) chalk. There are many fossils, including extinct horse, rhinoceros, and elephant.[142]
East Ruston Common East Ruston Common Green tickY 39.5 hectares
(98 acres)
[143]
YES Norwich
52°47′56″N 1°28′23″E / 52.799°N 1.473°E / 52.799; 1.473 (East Ruston Common)
TG 342 280
[143]
Map Citation This is an area of unimproved fen, heath and carr woodland in the valley of a tributary of the River Ant. it is the only known English locality for the rare spider, acanthophyma gowerensis, and it also has another nationally rare spider, hygrolycosa rubrofasciata.[144]
East Walton and Adcock's Common East Walton Common Green tickY Green tickY 62.4 hectares
(154 acres)
[145]
YES King's Lynn
52°42′54″N 0°34′08″E / 52.715°N 0.569°E / 52.715; 0.569 (East Walton and Adcock's Common)
TF 736 161
[145]
GCR,[146] SAC[17] Map Citation These commons have periglacial depressions separated by chalk ridges. The habitats include chalk grassland, springs, open water and scrub. The grasses and herbs are diverse with up to thirty-two species per square metre, and the rich invertebrate fauna includes seven Red Data Book and seventy-nine nationally rare species.[147]
East Winch Common East Winch Common Green tickY 26.1 hectares
(64 acres)
[148]
YES King's Lynn
52°42′47″N 0°30′54″E / 52.713°N 0.515°E / 52.713; 0.515 (East Winch Common)
TF 700 158
[148]
NWT[149] Map Citation This site is mainly wet acid heath on peat, and it is dominated by heather and cross-leaved heath. There are many wet hollows, which have diverse fen and mire flora, and areas of young woodland.[150]
East Wretham Heath East Wretham Heath Green tickY 141.1 hectares
(349 acres)
[151]
YES Thetford
52°27′29″N 0°48′29″E / 52.458°N 0.808°E / 52.458; 0.808 (East Wretham Heath)
TL 909 882
[151]
NCR,[152] NWT,[153] SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation The principal ecological interest of this site lies in areas of Breckland grassland and two meres, which are supplied by ground water, and fluctuate irregularly. These conditions have led to unusual plants communities which are tolerant of alternate wetting and drying, such as reed canary grass and amphibious bistort.[154]
Eaton Chalk Pit Fence around Eaton Chalk Pit Green tickY 0.2 hectares
(0.49 acres)
[155]
NO Norwich
52°36′36″N 1°15′40″E / 52.610°N 1.261°E / 52.610; 1.261 (Eaton Chalk Pit)
TG 209 064
[155]
Map Citation These former chalk mines are used by hibernating bats and the site has been monitored over a long period for research into bat ecology. Up to 40 bats use the mines and the main species are Daubenton's, Natterer's and brown long-eared bats.[156]
Edgefield Little Wood Edgefield Little Wood Green tickY 5.3 hectares
(13 acres)
[157]
YES Melton Constable
52°51′47″N 1°07′44″E / 52.863°N 1.129°E / 52.863; 1.129 (Edgefield Little Wood)
TG 107 341
[157]
Map Citation This is coppice with standards ancient woodland on acidic sands and gravels. Oaks which have been coppiced in the past have stools which are so tall that the wood resembles high forest. It is surrounded by ancient boundary banks.[158]
Elm Road Field, Thetford Green tickY 5.0 hectares
(12 acres)
[159]
Thetford
52°20′24″N 0°43′52″E / 52.340°N 0.731°E / 52.340; 0.731 (Elm Road Field, Thetford)
TL 859 815
[159]
Map Citation
Felbrigg Woods Felbrigg Woods Green tickY 164.6 hectares
(407 acres)
[160]
YES Norwich
52°54′47″N 1°15′43″E / 52.913°N 1.262°E / 52.913; 1.262 (Felbrigg Woods)
TG 194 400
[160]
AONB,[34] NCR,[161] NT,[162] RHPG[163] Map Citation Ancient trees in this wood have a more than fifty species of lichen, including several which are rare in East Anglia. Many of them are indicators of ancient undisturbed woodland. The trees are mainly beech which have been pollarded many years ago, and have massive stools and boles.[164]
Field Barn Heaths, Hilborough Field Barn Heaths, Hilborough Green tickY 17.9 hectares
(44 acres)
[165]
NO Thetford
52°34′52″N 0°40′55″E / 52.581°N 0.682°E / 52.581; 0.682 (Field Barn Heaths, Hilborough)
TF 818 015
[165]
SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation This light sandy grassland site is maintained by rabbit grazing and it has a rich variety of flora. There are also areas of ungrazed grassland and oak and hawthorn woodland.[166]
Flordon Common Flordon Common Green tickY 9.9 hectares
(24 acres)
[167]
YES Norwich
52°31′44″N 1°12′54″E / 52.529°N 1.215°E / 52.529; 1.215 (Flordon Common)
TM 182 972
[167]
SAC[17] Map Citation Springs emerge from this chalk valley of the River Tas, resulting in a species-rich calcareous fen, including the very rare narrow-mouthed whorl snail. On higher ground there is chalk grassland, which is traditionally managed by grazing, allowing the survival of many locally rare plants.[168]
Forncett Meadows Forncett Meadows Green tickY 5.2 hectares
(13 acres)
[169]
FP Norwich
52°29′17″N 1°11′13″E / 52.488°N 1.187°E / 52.488; 1.187 (Forncett Meadows)
TM 165 926
[169]
Map Citation This site in the valley of the River Tas has a variety of grassland types due to variations in soil and wetness and a long history of management by non-intensive grazing. There are also ponds and areas of scrub and alder woodland.[170]
Foulden Common Foulden Common Green tickY 139.0 hectares
(343 acres)
[171]
YES Thetford
52°34′12″N 0°35′46″E / 52.570°N 0.596°E / 52.570; 0.596 (Foulden Common)
TF 760 001
[171]
NCR,[172] SAC[17] Map Citation This common has a mosaic of habitats, such as acidic and calcareous grassland, birch woodland, rich fen and open water. Flora in the fen grassland include purple moor-grass, black bog rush, purple small-reed and blunt-flowered rush.[173]
Foxley Wood Foxley Wood Green tickY 124.2 hectares
(307 acres)
[174]
YES Dereham
52°45′40″N 1°02′35″E / 52.761°N 1.043°E / 52.761; 1.043 (Foxley Wood)
TG 054 225
[174]
NCR,[175] NNR,[176] NWT[177] Map Citation This is the largest area of ancient woodland in the county. The flora is diverse, with more than 250 species recorded, and invertebrates include several rare butterflies, such as the purple emperor and white admiral.[178]
Fritton Common, Morningthorpe Fritton Common, Morningthorpe Green tickY 20.5 hectares
(51 acres)
[179]
YES Norwich
52°28′55″N 1°16′19″E / 52.482°N 1.272°E / 52.482; 1.272 (Fritton Common, Morningthorpe)
TM 223 921
[179]
Map Citation This damp acidic meadow common is traditionally managed by light cattle grazing. Scattered ancient trees have a wide variety of epiphytic lichens, including some which are locally rare. There are a number of natural ponds with diverse invertebrate fauna.[180]
Gawdyhall Big Wood, Harleston Gawdyhall Big Wood Harleston Green tickY 29.8 hectares
(74 acres)
[181]
NO Harleston
52°24′58″N 1°18′25″E / 52.416°N 1.307°E / 52.416; 1.307 (Gawdyhall Big Wood, Harleston)
TM 250 849
[181]
Map Citation

This ancient wood on poorly drained chalky boulder clay has coppiced hornbeam, ash and hazel with oak standards. The ground flora is especially diverse around the hornbeams and on wet rides.[182]

Geldeston Meadows Geldeston Meadows Green tickY 14.0 hectares
(35 acres)
[183]
NO Beccles
52°28′12″N 1°31′34″E / 52.470°N 1.526°E / 52.470; 1.526 (Geldeston Meadows)
TM 396 916
[183]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation These traditionally managed meadows in the flood plain of the River Waveney have a very diverse flora. Most of the site is wet grassland which is dominated by sweet vernal grass, common quaking grass and crested dog's-tail.[184]
Glandford (Hurdle Lane) Green tickY 9.4 hectares
(23 acres)
[185]
Holt
52°55′55″N 1°03′11″E / 52.932°N 1.053°E / 52.932; 1.053 (Glandford (Hurdle Lane))
TG 053 415
[185]
AONB,[34] GCR[186] Map Citation
Glandford (Letheringsett Road) Green tickY 1.1 hectares
(2.7 acres)
[187]
Holt
52°55′41″N 1°02′13″E / 52.928°N 1.037°E / 52.928; 1.037 (Glandford (Letheringsett Road))
TG 042 410
[187]
AONB,[34] GCR[188] Map Citation
Gooderstone Warren Gooderstone Warren Green tickY 21.6 hectares
(53 acres)
[189]
NO Thetford
52°34′37″N 0°38′42″E / 52.577°N 0.645°E / 52.577; 0.645 (Gooderstone Warren)
TF 793 010
[189]
SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation This sandy site has soils which range from acid to calcareous, resulting in a variety of grassland types. There is a pit at the north end which has flora including cowslips and the uncommon purple milk vetch.[190]
Great Cressingham Fen Great Cressingham Fen Green tickY 14.3 hectares
(35 acres)
[191]
NO Thetford
52°35′10″N 0°43′30″E / 52.586°N 0.725°E / 52.586; 0.725 (Great Cressingham Fen)
TF 847 022
[191]
SAC[17] Map Citation This calcareous spring-fed valley has a variety of vegetation types, ranging from dry unimproved grassland on high slopes to tall fen where the springs emerge at the valley bottom. There is a diverse range of flora, including some uncommon species. Plants in the valley bottom include water mint and southern marsh orchid.[192]
Great Yarmouth North Denes Great Yarmouth North Denes Green tickY 100.8 hectares
(249 acres)
[193]
YES Great Yarmouth
52°37′55″N 1°44′13″E / 52.632°N 1.737°E / 52.632; 1.737 (Great Yarmouth North Denes)
TG 530 104
[193]
NCR,[193] SPA[194] Map Citation These beaches have a complete succession of dune vegetation types, from foredunes to dry acid dune grassland, the latter of which is very extensive. The site has the largest breeding colony of little terns in Britain.[195]
Grime's Graves Grime's Graves Green tickY Green tickY 66.1 hectares
(163 acres)
[196]
YES Brandon
52°28′41″N 0°40′12″E / 52.478°N 0.670°E / 52.478; 0.670 (Grime's Graves)
TL 814 900
[196]
GCR,[197] SAC,[22] SM,[198] SPA[23] Map Citation This Breckland heath site has diverse plant communities. In the northern part there are parallel strips of heather and acid grassland, which are thought to have been formed periglacially during the last glacial period. Five species of bat use re-excavated Neolithic flint-mines for winter roosting.[199]
Grimston Warren Pit Grimston Warren Pit Green tickY 6.7 hectares
(17 acres)
[200]
NO King's Lynn
52°46′16″N 0°28′44″E / 52.771°N 0.479°E / 52.771; 0.479 (Grimston Warren Pit)
TF 673 222
[200]
GCR[201] Map Citation This former quarry is described by Natural England as "a nationally important site for dating the constituent facies of the Lower Cretaceous in north Norfolk". It has yielded ammonites which date to the Hauterivian age around 130 million years ago.[202]
Gunton Park Lake Green tickY 18.3 hectares
(45 acres)
[203]
Norwich
52°51′43″N 1°17′46″E / 52.862°N 1.296°E / 52.862; 1.296 (Gunton Park Lake)
TG 220 345
[203]
Map Citation
Hall Farm Fen, Hemsby Hall Farm Fen, Hemsby Green tickY 9.2 hectares
(23 acres)
[204]
YES Great Yarmouth
52°41′35″N 1°40′08″E / 52.693°N 1.669°E / 52.693; 1.669 (Hall Farm Fen, Hemsby)
TG 480 169
[204]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This area of unimproved fen grassland and dykes is grazed by horses and cattle. It has diverse flora, including many orchids. The dykes have a well developed aquatic plants and a rich variety of invertebrates, including the nationally rare freshwater snail Segmentina nitida.[205]
Halvergate Marshes Halvergate Marshes Green tickY 1,432.7 hectares
(3,540 acres)
[206]
PP Norwich
52°35′17″N 1°36′29″E / 52.588°N 1.608°E / 52.588; 1.608 (Halvergate Marshes)
TG 445 050
[206]
LNR[207] Ramsar,[3][59] RSPB,[60] SAC,[4] SPA[5][61] Map Citation These traditionally managed grazing marshes have a system of intersecting dykes, and they have a wide variety of aquatic ditch communities, including pondweeds of international importance. There are many bird species, with wintering Bewick's swans in internationally important numbers.[208]
Happisburgh Cliffs Happisburgh Cliffs Green tickY 6.1 hectares
(15 acres)
[209]
YES Happisburgh
52°49′34″N 1°31′59″E / 52.826°N 1.533°E / 52.826; 1.533 (Happisburgh Cliffs)
TG 381 312
[209]
GCR[210] Map Citation These cliffs are unique as they display three glacial deposits, from the 1.9 million year old Pre-Pastonian Stage to the Beestonian and the Cromer Tills of the Anglian stage 450,000 years ago, the most severe ice age of the Pleistocene.[211]
Hardley Flood Hardley Flood Green tickY 49.8 hectares
(123 acres)
[212]
YES Norwich
52°32′31″N 1°30′29″E / 52.542°N 1.508°E / 52.542; 1.508 (Hardley Flood)
TM 380 996
[212]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This area of tidal lagoons and reedbeds provides a spillway for the River Chet. The reedbeds provide nesting sites for birds, including nationally important populations of several breeding birds. Three rare flies have been recorded, Elachiptera uniseta, Elachiptera scrobiculata and Lonchoptera scutellata.[213]
Heacham Brick Pit Heacham Brick Pit Green tickY 0.8 hectares
(2.0 acres)
[214]
NO King's Lynn
52°53′56″N 0°29′42″E / 52.899°N 0.495°E / 52.899; 0.495 (Heacham Brick Pit)
TF 679 364
[214]
GCR[215] Map Citation This is the only site which gives access to examine the Lower Cretaceous Snettisham Clay. It has Lower Barremian ammonite fossils, dating to around 130 million years ago.[216]
Hedenham Wood Hedenham Wood Green tickY 23.4 hectares
(58 acres)
[217]
NO Bungay
52°29′56″N 1°24′22″E / 52.499°N 1.406°E / 52.499; 1.406 (Hedenham Wood)
TM 313 945
[217]
Map Citation Most of this ancient wood on boulder clay is hornbeam coppice with oak standards, but the wet valley bottom has ash, maple and elm. The diverse ground flora includes some uncommon species.[218]
Hilgay Heronry Hilgay Heronry Green tickY 1.8 hectares
(4.4 acres)
[219]
NO Downham Market
52°33′58″N 0°24′40″E / 52.566°N 0.411°E / 52.566; 0.411 (Hilgay Heronry)
TL 635 992
[219]
Map Citation This small wood has a nationally important breeding colony of grey herons, with around forty nests each year in larch and ash trees. Nearby drainage dykes on The Fens provide feeding grounds.[220]
Hockering Wood Hockering Wood Green tickY 89.5 hectares
(221 acres)
[221]
NO Dereham
52°41′13″N 1°03′50″E / 52.687°N 1.064°E / 52.687; 1.064 (Hockering Wood)
TG 072 143
[221]
Map Citation This is one the largest areas of ancient, semi-natural woodland in the county. It has many rare species, especially of bryophytes, and there are ponds which have populations of great crested newts, a protected species under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.[222]
Holkham Brick Pit Holkham Brickpits Green tickY 0.5 hectares
(1.2 acres)
[223]
NO Wells-next-the-Sea
52°57′00″N 0°46′12″E / 52.950°N 0.770°E / 52.950; 0.770 (Holkham Brick Pit)
TF 862 428
[223]
AONB,[34] GCR[224] Map Citation This is the best site displaying the Hunstanton Till, a glacial deposit dating the last glacial period, between 115,000 and 11,700 years ago. This is the furthest the ice reached in East Anglia during the Last Glacial Maximum, around 26,000 years ago.[225]
Holly Farm Meadow, Wendling Holly Farm Meadow, Wendling Green tickY 2.6 hectares
(6.4 acres)
[226]
NO Dereham
52°40′48″N 0°51′43″E / 52.680°N 0.862°E / 52.680; 0.862 (Holly Farm Meadow, Wendling)
TF 936 130
[226]
Map Citation This meadow in the valley of the River Wensum has a line of calcareous springs which supports fen grassland which has diverse flora. The unimproved meadow is maintained by seasonal grazing. There are also areas of tall fen and dry grassland with many anthills.[227]
Holt Lowes Holt Lowes Green tickY 49.9 hectares
(123 acres)
[228]
YES Holt
52°53′38″N 1°06′04″E / 52.894°N 1.101°E / 52.894; 1.101 (Holt Lowes)
TG 087 374
[228]
NCR,[229] SAC[17] Map Citation This site is mainly dry and sandy heath in the valley of the River Glaven, with a mire along a tributary which runs through the heath. Ground flora includes wood horsetail at its only known location in East Anglia.[230]
Honeypot Wood Honeypot Wood Green tickY 9.5 hectares
(23 acres)
[231]
YES Dereham
52°41′31″N 0°51′25″E / 52.692°N 0.857°E / 52.692; 0.857 (Honeypot Wood, Wendling)
TF 932 143
[231]
NWT[232] Map Citation This is an ancient coppiced wood on calcareous soil. It has a rich ground layer, which is dominated by dog's mercury, and other flora include greater butterfly-orchid and broad-leaved helleborine. A total of 208 plant species have been recorded.[233]
Hooks Well Meadows, Great Cressingham Hooks Well Meadows, Great Cressingham Green tickY 15.6 hectares
(39 acres)
[234]
NO Thetford
52°34′37″N 0°42′36″E / 52.577°N 0.710°E / 52.577; 0.710 (Hooks Well Meadows, Great Cressingham)
TF 837 011
[234]
Map Citation This site has a long history of traditional management. The diverse habitats include fen meadow, herb-rich wet grassland, acidic flushes, dry calcareous grassland and wet alder woodland, which has carpets of sphagnum mosses.[235]
Horningtoft Wood Horningtoft Wood Green tickY 8.3 hectares
(21 acres)
[236]
NO Dereham
52°46′34″N 0°53′13″E / 52.776°N 0.887°E / 52.776; 0.887 (Horningtoft Wood)
TF 948 237
[236]
Map Citation his ancient coppice with standards wood on boulder clay has exceptionally diverse ground flora with several rare species. There are scattered mature oaks and the main coppiced species are hazel, ash and maple. The ground flora is dominated by dog's mercury on heavy soils and bramble on lighter ones.[237]
Horse Wood, Mileham Horse Wood Green tickY 7.1 hectares
(18 acres)
[238]
NO King's Lynn
52°43′52″N 0°50′38″E / 52.731°N 0.844°E / 52.731; 0.844 (Horse Wood, Mileham)
TF 921 186
[238]
Map Citation This is an ancient coppice with standards wood on boulder clay, and the ground flora is diverse with several rare species. There are wide and wet rides which have plants such as herb paris, valerian and water mint.[239]
Hunstanton Cliffs Hunstanton Cliffs Green tickY Green tickY 4.6 hectares
(11 acres)
[240]
YES Hunstanton
52°56′56″N 0°29′35″E / 52.949°N 0.493°E / 52.949; 0.493 (Hunstanton Cliffs)
TF 676 420
[240]
GCR[241][242] Map Citation These eroding cliffs expose a mid-Cretaceous sequence from the Albian to the succeeding Cenomanian around 100 million years ago, with exceptionally rich Albian ammonite fossils. Biological interest is provided by a colony of breeding fulmars on the cliff face.[243]
Hunstanton Park Esker Hunstanton Park Esker Green tickY 17.3 hectares
(43 acres)
[244]
NO Hunstanton
52°56′20″N 0°31′16″E / 52.939°N 0.521°E / 52.939; 0.521 (Hunstanton Park Eske)
TF 695 409
[244]
AONB,[34] GCR[245] Map Citation This is a 1.5-kilometre (1-mile) esker, a long winding ridge of stratified sand and gravel dating to the glacial Devensian period, between 115,000 and 11,700 years ago. This is an uncommon landform in central and southern England.[246]
Islington Heronry Islington Heronry Green tickY 1.3 hectares
(3.2 acres)
[247]
NO King's Lynn
52°43′05″N 0°19′12″E / 52.718°N 0.320°E / 52.718; 0.320 (Islington Heronry)
TF 568 159
[247]
Map Citation This stand of mature oaks has the largest breeding colony of grey herons in the county, with about eighty nests occupied each year. There are several other populations of woodland birds, such as the great spotted woodpecker.[248]
Kelling Heath Kelling Heath Green tickY 89.4 hectares
(221 acres)
[249]
YES Holt
52°55′55″N 1°07′30″E / 52.932°N 1.125°E / 52.932; 1.125 (Kelling Heath)
TG 101 418
[249]
AONB,[34] Map Citation The heath is described by Natural England as 'a fine example of oceanic heathland'. The vegetation is typical of dry, acid heath and is dominated by heather, bell heather, western gorse, gorse and bracken, with areas of mixed woodland. The dry conditions are favourable to reptiles such as common lizard and adder.[250]
Kenninghall and Banham Fens with Quidenham Mere Kenninghall and Banham Fens with Quidenham Mere Green tickY 48.4 hectares
(120 acres)
[251]
NO Norwich
52°26′53″N 1°00′00″E / 52.448°N 1.000°E / 52.448; 1.000 (Kenninghall and Banham Fens with Quidenham Mere)
TM 040 876
[251]
Map Citation This site in the valley of the River Whittle has a lake, tall fen, wet woodland and calcareous grassland. Springs feed an area of fen grassland dominated by purple moor grass, blunt-flowered rush and black bog-rush.[252]
Leet Hill, Kirby Cane Leet Hill, Kirby Cane Green tickY 6.5 hectares
(16 acres)
[253]
NO Bungay
52°28′55″N 1°30′14″E / 52.482°N 1.504°E / 52.482; 1.504 (Leet Hill, Kirby Cane)
TM 380 929
[253]
GCR[254] Map Citation This is a quarry which has a sequence of deposits dating to the Middle Pleistocene, with the base of gravels laid down by a confluence to two rivers, above that glacial gravels, and then a sequence of chalky sands probably also laid down by glaciers.[255]
Leziate, Sugar and Derby Fens Sugar Fen Green tickY 87.9 hectares
(217 acres)
[256]
YES King's Lynn
52°45′14″N 0°31′05″E / 52.754°N 0.518°E / 52.754; 0.518 (Leziate, Sugar and Derby Fens)
TF 700 204
[256]
Map Citation These fens have extensive heaths and areas of wet acidic grassland, and there are smaller areas of damp woodland and species-rich calcareous grassland. There are many ant-hills on Derby Fen.[257]
Limpenhoe Meadows Limpenhoe Meadows Green tickY 12.0 hectares
(30 acres)
[258]
NO Norwich
52°34′23″N 1°32′13″E / 52.573°N 1.537°E / 52.573; 1.537 (Limpenhoe Meadows)
TG 398 031
[258]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This area of unimproved fen grassland in the valley of the River Yare has a network of dykes. The soils vary from alluvial clays in the valley bottom to poorly drained peats higher up. The meadows are species-rich with some uncommon plants. Aquatic plants in the dykes include the nationally rare sharp-leaved pondweed.[259]
Lower Wood, Ashwellthorpe Lower Wood, Ashwellthorpe Green tickY 37.9 hectares
(94 acres)
[260]
YES Norwich
52°32′17″N 1°09′11″E / 52.538°N 1.153°E / 52.538; 1.153 (Lower Wood, Ashwellthorpe)
TM 139 980
[260]
NWT[261] Map Citation This ancient wood on chalky boulder clay has a diverse ground flora with uncommon species such as wood spurge, early-purple orchid, common twayblade, ramsons, water avens and woodruff.[262]
Ludham - Potter Heigham Marshes Ludham - Potter Heigham Marshes Green tickY 101.5 hectares
(251 acres)
[263]
PP Great Yarmouth
52°42′18″N 1°33′40″E / 52.705°N 1.561°E / 52.705; 1.561 (Ludham - Potter Heigham Marshes)
TG 407 179
[263]
NCR,[264] NNR,[265] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This is described by Natural England as "both a nationally important wetland site and one of the richest areas of traditionally managed grazing marsh and dykes now remaining in Broadland". The principal conservation lies in the aquatic flora and fauna of the dykes, especially the dragonflies.[264]
Mattishall Moor Mattishall Moor Green tickY 5.5 hectares
(14 acres)
[266]
NO Dereham
52°39′54″N 0°59′46″E / 52.665°N 0.996°E / 52.665; 0.996 (Mattishall Moor)
TG 027 117
[266]
Map Citation This area of calcareous fen and marshy grassland has a rich variety of flora. Black bog-rush, blunt-flowered rush and purple moor-grass are common in the fen areas, and purple moor-grass is also abundant in the grassland, together with other plants such as yellow rattle and marsh pennywort.[267]
Middle Harling Fen Middle Harling Fen Green tickY 11.8 hectares
(29 acres)
[268]
NO Norwich
52°25′44″N 0°55′23″E / 52.429°N 0.923°E / 52.429; 0.923 (Middle Harling Fen)
TL 988 852
[268]
Map Citation This calcareous valley fen has several springs and a wide variety of types of grassland, including both wet and dry communities. There are uncommon flora such as adder's tongue and yellow rattle, and the breeding birds are diverse.[269]
Morston Cliff Morston Cliff Green tickY 1.0 hectare
(2.5 acres)
[270]
YES Wells-next-the-Sea
52°57′25″N 0°57′40″E / 52.957°N 0.961°E / 52.957; 0.961 (Morston Cliff)
TF 990 441
[270]
AONB,[34] GCR,[271] NNR,[272] NT[273] Map Citation This key Pleistocene site has the only interglacial deposit of a raised beach in East Anglia. It is believed to be Ipswichian, dating to around 125,000 years ago, and is overlain by glacial deposits of the late Devensian Hunstanton Till.[274]
Mundesley Cliffs Mundesley Cliffs Green tickY 29.3 hectares
(72 acres)
[275]
YES North Walsham
52°52′08″N 1°27′07″E / 52.869°N 1.452°E / 52.869; 1.452 (Mundesley Cliffs)
TG 324 358
[275]
AONB,[34] GCR[276] Map Citation The cliffs on this site display some of the best marine and freshwater deposits dating to the Cromerian interglacial, and to the early stages of the succeeding Anglian glaciation, which started around 478,000 years ago.[277]
Narborough Railway Embankment Narborough Railway Embankment Green tickY 7.9 hectares
(20 acres)
[278]
PL King's Lynn
52°40′16″N 0°35′35″E / 52.671°N 0.593°E / 52.671; 0.593 (Narborough Railway Embankment)
TF 754 113
[278]
NWT[279] Map Citation This nineteenth-century embankment is probably the most ecologically diverse chalk grassland site in the county, with many flowering plants which attract a wide range of butterflies. There is also a variety of mosses and molluscs.[280]
New Buckenham Common New Buckenham Common Green tickY 20.9 hectares
(52 acres)
[281]
YES Norwich
52°28′30″N 1°04′48″E / 52.475°N 1.080°E / 52.475; 1.080 (New Buckenham Common)
TM 093 908
[281]
NWT[282] Map Citation This unimproved grassland is traditionally managed by grazing. It has the largest colony of green-winged orchids in the county, and there are a stream and pool which have aquatic plants.[283]
North Norfolk Coast North Norfolk Coast Green tickY Green tickY 7,862.3 hectares
(19,428 acres)
[284]
PP King's Lynn
52°58′16″N 0°48′54″E / 52.971°N 0.815°E / 52.971; 0.815 (North Norfolk Coast)
TF 891 452
[284]
AONB,[34] GCR,[285][286] NCR,[287] NNR,[272][288][289][290] NT,[273] NWT,[291][292][293] RSPB,[294] Ramsar,[295] SAC,[296][297] SPA[298] Map Citation This large site has a range of coastal habitats, including the best coastal marshes in Britain and among the finest in Europe. The breeding birds are of international importance, including one twelfth of the world population of sandwich terns and the largest colony in western Europe of little terns.[299]
Old Bodney Camp Green tickY 32.8 hectares
(81 acres)
[300]
Thetford
52°33′25″N 0°43′30″E / 52.557°N 0.725°E / 52.557; 0.725 (Old Bodney Camp)
TL 848 990
[300]
SPA[23] Map Citation
Old Buckenham Fen Old Buckenham Fen Green tickY 34.5 hectares
(85 acres)
[301]
PP Attleborough
52°29′13″N 1°00′47″E / 52.487°N 1.013°E / 52.487; 1.013 (Old Buckenham Fen)
TM 047 919
[301]
Map Citation This valley fen has cattle grazed wet meadows, species rich reedbeds, a mere and dykes. Flora in wetter areas include ragged robin, marsh thistle and ladies smock.[302]
Ouse Washes Ouse Washes Green tickY 2,513.6 hectares
(6,211 acres)
[303]
PP Ely
52°28′08″N 0°11′31″E / 52.469°N 0.192°E / 52.469; 0.192 (Ouse Washes)
TL 490 879
[303]
GCR,[304] NCR,[305] Ramsar,[306] SAC,[307] SPA,[308] WWT[309] Map[e] Citation The Washes are internationally significant for wintering and breeding wildfowl and waders, especially teal, pintails, wigeons, shovelers, pochards and Bewick's swans. The site also has rich aquatic fauna and flora, and areas of unimproved grassland.[310]
Overstrand Cliffs Overstrand Cliffs Green tickY Green tickY 57.8 hectares
(143 acres)
[311]
YES Cromer
52°55′26″N 1°19′30″E / 52.924°N 1.325°E / 52.924; 1.325 (Overstrand Cliffs)
TG 236 415
[311]
AONB,[34] GCR,[312][313] SAC[314] Map Citation These soft cliffs are subject to falls and slumping, providing a habitat for species associated with disturbance such as the rare beetles Bledius filipes, Harpalus vernalis and Nebria livida. The cliff is geologically important for its succession of Pleistocene glacial exposures.[315]
Paston Great Barn Paston Great Barn Green tickY 1.0 hectare
(2.5 acres)
[316]
NO North Walsham
52°51′29″N 1°26′53″E / 52.858°N 1.448°E / 52.858; 1.448 (Paston Great Barn)
TG 322 345
[316]
AONB,[34] NNR[317] SAC,[318] SM[319] Map Citation This medieval barn has one of the few maternity colonies in Britain of barbastelle bats. This species is listed as a rare and threatened species in the British and European Red Data Books. The barn also has colonies of several other bats.[320]
Poplar Farm Meadows, Langley Poplar Farm Meadows, Langley Green tickY 7.5 hectares
(19 acres)
[321]
NO Norwich
52°33′54″N 1°29′42″E / 52.565°N 1.495°E / 52.565; 1.495 (Poplar Farm Meadows, Langley)
TG 370 021
[321]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This calcareous fen on the edge of the flood plain of the River Yare is spring fed. It is managed by light summer grazing and the flora is diverse, with some uncommon species. There are also areas of tall fen and the site is crossed by dykes which have clear spring water and a variety of aquatic plants.[322]
Potter and Scarning Fens, East Dereham Scarning Fen Green tickY 6.2 hectares
(15 acres)
[323]
YES Dereham
52°40′08″N 0°55′48″E / 52.669°N 0.930°E / 52.669; 0.930 (Potter and Scarning Fens, East Dereham)
TF 982 120
[323]
NCR,[324] NWT,[325] SAC[17] Map Citation These are valleys with calcareous fens on peat with an exceptionally diverse flora, including uncommon mosses and liverworts. Insects include the nationally rare small red damselfly.[326]
Potter's Carr, Cranworth Potter's Carr, Cranworth Green tickY 6.3 hectares
(16 acres)
[327]
NO Thetford
52°35′53″N 0°55′19″E / 52.598°N 0.922°E / 52.598; 0.922 (Potter's Carr, Cranworth)
TF 980 040
[327]
Map Citation This area of alder carr and wet pasture is on the bank of the River Blackwater. The diverse flora of the carr is typical of ancient woodland, with plants such as dog's mercury and moschatel. Wintering birds include water rails.[328]
Priory Meadows, Hickling Priory Meadows, Hickling Green tickY 23.9 hectares
(59 acres)
[329]
NO Norwich
52°46′16″N 1°34′44″E / 52.771°N 1.579°E / 52.771; 1.579 (Priory Meadows, Hickling)
TG 415 253
[329]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This grassland on damp and acidic peat soil is managed traditionally, and it has a rich and diverse flora with herbs such as tormentil and marsh cinquefoil. There is also a network of dykes with aquatic plants.[330]
Pulham Market Big Wood Pulham Market Big Wood Green tickY 4.7 hectares
(12 acres)
[331]
YES Diss
52°27′32″N 1°14′38″E / 52.459°N 1.244°E / 52.459; 1.244 (Pulham Market Big Wood)
TM 205 895
[331]
Map Citation This ancient coppice wood on boulder clay is probably the last fragment of a much larger area of woodland. The standard trees are mature pedunculate oaks and the coppice layer is very overgrown. The ground flora is dominated by bramble, honeysuckle and bracken.[332]
Redgrave and Lopham Fens Redgrave and Lopham Fens Green tickY 127.0 hectares
(314 acres)
[333]
YES Diss
52°22′34″N 1°00′04″E / 52.376°N 1.001°E / 52.376; 1.001 (Redgrave and Lopham Fens)
TM 049 796
[333]
NCR,[334] NNR[335] Ramsar[336] SAC,[41] SWT[337] Map[d] Citation This spring-fed valley at the head of the River Waveney has several different types of fen vegetation. There are aquatic plants such as bladderwort, fen pondweed and Charophytes, all of which are indicators of low levels of pollution. The site has the only known British population of fen raft spiders.[338]
Ringstead Downs Ringstead Downs Green tickY 6.9 hectares
(17 acres)
[339]
YES Hunstanton
52°55′52″N 0°30′50″E / 52.931°N 0.514°E / 52.931; 0.514 (Ringstead Downs)
TF 691 400
[339]
AONB,[34] NWT[340] Map Citation This is a dry chalk valley which was carved out by glacial meltwaters It is species-rich as it has never been ploughed, and it is the largest surviving area of chalk downland surviving in the county. The butterflies are diverse.[341]
River Nar River Nar Green tickY 212.3 hectares
(525 acres)
[342]
PP King's Lynn
52°42′40″N 0°40′55″E / 52.711°N 0.682°E / 52.711; 0.682 (River Nar)
TF 813 160
[342]
Map Citation The upper Nar has 78 river and bankside species of plants, including 5 pondweeds and 8 bryophytes. The lower reaches which flow through a flood plain are more sluggish. The most common fish are brown trout, pike, roach and eel.[343]
River Wensum River Wensum Green tickY 386.0 hectares
(954 acres)
[344]
PP Dereham
52°45′58″N 0°58′01″E / 52.766°N 0.967°E / 52.766; 0.967 (River Wensum)
TG 003 228
[344]
SAC[345] Map Citation This river has been selected by Natural England as an example of an enriched, calcareous lowland river running through a relatively natural corridor. It has a rich invertebrate fauna and more than 100 species of flora. The SSSI also includes two tributaries, the River Tat and the Langor Drain.[346]
Rosie Curston's Meadow, Mattishall Green tickY 2.3 hectares
(5.7 acres)
[347]
Dereham
52°40′08″N 1°01′01″E / 52.669°N 1.017°E / 52.669; 1.017 (Rosie Curston's Meadow, Mattishall)
TG 041 122
[347]
Map Citation
Roydon Common Roydon Common Green tickY 194.9 hectares
(482 acres)
[348]
YES King's Lynn
52°46′23″N 0°29′53″E / 52.773°N 0.498°E / 52.773; 0.498 (Roydon Common)
TF 686 224
[348]
NCR,[349] NNR,[350] NWT,[351] Ramsar,[352] SAC[129] Map Citation The common is described by Natural England as "one of the best examples in Britain of a lowland mixed valley mire". It has diverse habitats, including wet acid heath, calcareous fen and dry heath on acid sands. There are rare plants, birds and insects, including the black darter dragonfly.[353]
Scoulton Mere Scoulton Mere Green tickY 34.2 hectares
(85 acres)
[354]
NO Norwich
52°34′23″N 0°55′44″E / 52.573°N 0.929°E / 52.573; 0.929 (Scoulton Mere)
TF 986 013
[354]
Map Citation The principal ecological interest of this site lies in the swamp, fen and bog flora on islands in the mere and along the shore. The largest island, called Scoulton Heath, is mainly covered in sphagnum moss, and other plants include the nationally rare crested buckler fern.[355]
Sea Mere, Hingham Sea Mere, Hingham Green tickY 36.3 hectares
(90 acres)
[356]
NO Norwich
52°34′12″N 1°00′04″E / 52.570°N 1.001°E / 52.570; 1.001 (Sea Mere, Hingham)
TG 035 011
[356]
Map Citation This site has a natural lake together with areas of fen, grazing marsh and woodland. The fen has a rich variety of flora including saw sedge, marsh pennywort, yellow loosestrife, yellow iris and the rare green figwort.[357]
Setchey Setchey Green tickY 33.4 hectares
(83 acres)
[358]
NO King's Lynn
52°41′28″N 0°24′47″E / 52.691°N 0.413°E / 52.691; 0.413 (Setchey)
TF 632 131
[358]
GCR[359] Map Citation This site throws light on sea level changes in the Holocene, the period since the end of the last ice age, 11,700 years ago. It is part of a network of Fenland sites which allows correlation across the area.[360]
Sexton Wood Sexton Wood Green tickY 39.0 hectares
(96 acres)
[361]
NO Bungay
52°28′26″N 1°22′55″E / 52.474°N 1.382°E / 52.474; 1.382 (Sexton Wood)
TM 298 916
[361]
NCR[362] Map Citation This ancient wood on boulder clay is mainly coppice with standards, but there are some areas of high forest. The ground flora is diverse, with dog's mercury dominant and other plants such as ransoms and early-purple orchid.[363]
Shallam Dyke Marshes, Thurne Shallam Dyke Marshes Green tickY 69.8 hectares
(172 acres)
[364]
NO Great Yarmouth
52°41′38″N 1°33′00″E / 52.694°N 1.550°E / 52.694; 1.550 (Shallam Dyke Marshes, Thurne)
TG 400 166
[364]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This is grazing marsh in the valley of the River Thurne, and it is important for waders such as lapwings, oystercatchers and snipe. There are a variety of water plants such as the rare water soldier.[365]
Shelfanger Meadows Shelfanger Meadows Green tickY 10.3 hectares
(25 acres)
[366]
NO Diss
52°24′11″N 1°05′56″E / 52.403°N 1.099°E / 52.403; 1.099 (Shelfanger Meadows)
TM 109 828
[366]
Map Citation This site in the valley of a tributary of the River Waveney is described by Natural England as "one of the most important areas of unimproved grassland in Norfolk". It has been traditionally managed by a hay cut followed by grazing for hundreds of years, and as a result its flora is rich, including uncommon species. There are also areas where springs make the grassland marshy.[367]
Sheringham and Beeston Regis Commons Sheringham Common Green tickY 24.9 hectares
(62 acres)
[368]
YES Sheringham
52°56′02″N 1°13′08″E / 52.934°N 1.219°E / 52.934; 1.219 (Sheringham and Beeston Regis Commons)
TG 164 422
[368]
AONB,[34] NCR[368] SAC[17] Map Citation These commons have areas of dry heathland which have several species of breeding birds and reptiles, and wet fen in low lying areas where there are springs. Calcareous mires have uncommon plants such as butterwort and bog pimpernel.[369]
Shotesham Common Shotesham Common Green tickY 21.6 hectares
(53 acres)
[370]
YES Norwich
52°32′56″N 1°18′07″E / 52.549°N 1.302°E / 52.549; 1.302 (Shotesham Common)
TM 240 997
[370]
Map Citation This site consists of traditionally managed meadows with a variety of grassland types, ranging from permanently wet marshes on the valley bottom, where a stream runs through, to drier grassland on the slopes. There are several uncommon species of flora.[371]
Shotesham-Woodton Hornbeam Woods Shotesham Little Wood Green tickY 40.4 hectares
(100 acres)
[372]
NO Norwich
52°30′58″N 1°19′26″E / 52.516°N 1.324°E / 52.516; 1.324 (Shotesham-Woodton Hornbeam Woods)
TM 256 961
[372]
Map Citation This site is composed of four ancient coppice with standards hornbeam woods on boulder clay, Shotesham Little Wood, Saxlingham Grove, Hempnall Little Wood and Winter’s Grove. The ground flora is rich with several uncommon species, such as herb paris, stinking iris and greater butterfly orchid.[373]
Sidestrand and Trimingham Cliffs Sidestrand and Trimingham Cliffs Green tickY Green tickY 133.9 hectares
(331 acres)
[374]
YES Norwich
52°54′07″N 1°22′52″E / 52.902°N 1.381°E / 52.902; 1.381 (Sidestrand and Trimingham Cliffs)
TG 275 392
[374]
AONB,[34] GCR[375][376][377] Map Citation This crumbling cliff exposes both Pleistocene sediments and a rich assembly of invertebrate fossils dating to the late Cretaceous. It also has several rare beetles and the Red Data Book parasitic herbaceous plant purple broomrape.[378]
Smallburgh Fen Green tickY 7.6 hectares
(19 acres)
[379]
Norwich
52°46′05″N 1°26′46″E / 52.768°N 1.446°E / 52.768; 1.446 (Smallburgh Fen)
TG 326 245
[379]
NCR,[380] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation
Snettisham Carstone Quarry Snettisham Carstone Quarry Green tickY 11.0 hectares
(27 acres)
[381]
NO King's Lynn
52°53′02″N 0°30′11″E / 52.884°N 0.503°E / 52.884; 0.503 (Snettisham Carstone Quarry)
TF 685 348
[381]
AONB[34] Map Citation This is the only known location in Britain for the micro-moth Nothris verbascella. Its host plant, hoary mullein, is abundant in areas of the quarry which are no longer worked.[382]
Southrepps Common Southrepps Common Green tickY 5.6 hectares
(14 acres)
[383]
YES Norwich
52°51′54″N 1°21′29″E / 52.865°N 1.358°E / 52.865; 1.358 (Southrepps Common)
TG 261 350
[383]
LNR,[384] SAC[17] Map Citation This is damp grassland and fen in the valley of the River Ant. There are several rare true flies characteristic of undisturbed wetlands, especially Pteromicra glabricula and Colobaea distincta, both of which have larvae which are parasitic on snails.[385]
St James' Pit St James' Pit Green tickY 3.5 hectares
(8.6 acres)
[386]
YES Norwich
52°38′10″N 1°18′36″E / 52.636°N 1.310°E / 52.636; 1.310 (St James' Pit)
TG 241 094
[386]
GCR,[387] LNR[388] Map Citation This site has been designated because of its fossils of two genera of mosasaurs, large marine reptiles dating to the Upper Cretaceous.[389]
Stanford Training Area Stanford Training Area Green tickY Green tickY 4,678.0 hectares
(11,560 acres)
[390]
NO Thetford
52°30′47″N 0°45′14″E / 52.513°N 0.754°E / 52.513; 0.754 (Stanford Training Area)
TL 870 941
[390]
GCR,[391] NCR[392] SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation This site contains an extensive of species-rich Breckland grassland and heath. Wetlands and pools have wildfowl and many rare invertebrates. The Devil's Punchbowl is geologically important for its deep depression formed by the collapse of Pleistocene glacial sands and boulder clays.[393]
Stanley and Alder Carrs, Aldeby Stanley and Alder Carrs, Aldeby Green tickY 42.7 hectares
(106 acres)
[394]
NO Beccles
52°28′41″N 1°34′52″E / 52.478°N 1.581°E / 52.478; 1.581 (Stanley and Alder Carrs, Aldeby)
TM 433 927
[394]
Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation Most of this site is alder carr woodland next to the River Waveney, which is often flooded. It has a diverse insect fauna. There are also areas of open fen with plants including common reed, reed canary grass and hemp-agrimony.[395]
Stiffkey Valley Stiffkey Valley Green tickY 44.4 hectares
(110 acres)
[396]
NO Wells-next-the-Sea
52°57′07″N 0°57′00″E / 52.952°N 0.950°E / 52.952; 0.950 (Stiffkey Valley)
TF 983 435
[396]
AONB[34] Map Citation This valley has a range of wetland habitats in the floodplain of the River Stiffkey. It has many species of breeding birds, including nationally important populations of avocets. Wintering wetland birds include bitterns, brent geese and garganeys, while marsh harriers and barn owls hunt throughout the year.[397]
Swangey Fen, Attleborough Swangey Fen Green tickY 48.4 hectares
(120 acres)
[398]
PP Attleborough
52°29′56″N 0°57′50″E / 52.499°N 0.964°E / 52.499; 0.964 (Swangey Fen, Attleborough)
TM 013 931
[398]
SAC[17] Map Citation Part of this site is spring fed fen with diverse flora, including grass of Parnassus, marsh helleborine and several rare mosses. The fen is surrounded by wet woodland and grassland.[399]
Swannington Upgate Common Swannington Upgate Common Green tickY 20.5 hectares
(51 acres)
[400]
YES Norwich
52°43′01″N 1°10′44″E / 52.717°N 1.179°E / 52.717; 1.179 (Swannington Upgate Common)
TG 148 180
[400]
Map Citation This site has varied habitats including glacial sands and gravels, peat, dry and wet heath, woodland, grassland, ponds and a stream. There is a wide range of breeding birds.[401]
Swanton Novers Woods Swanton Novers Wood Green tickY 83.0 hectares
(205 acres)
[402]
YES Melton Constable
52°50′38″N 0°58′44″E / 52.844°N 0.979°E / 52.844; 0.979 (Swanton Novers Woods)
TG 007 316
[402]
NCR,[403] NNR[404] Map Citation These ancient woods are almost certainly of primary origin, and they are regarded as one of the most important groups of woods in the country. The trees and ground flora are exceptionally diverse, and they include the nationally rare may lily.[405]
Sweetbriar Road Meadows, Norwich Briar Road Meadows Green tickY 9.7 hectares
(24 acres)
[406]
NO Norwich
52°38′24″N 1°15′43″E / 52.640°N 1.262°E / 52.640; 1.262 (Sweetbriar Road Meadows, Norwich)
TG 208 097
[406]
Map Citation These unimproved meadows in the valley of the River Wensum are permanently waterlogged, and they are grazed by ponies. Herbs include yellow rattle, ragged robin, cuckoo flower and southern marsh orchid.[407]
Syderstone Common Syderstone Common Green tickY 43.7 hectares
(108 acres)
[408]
YES King's Lynn
52°51′07″N 0°42′58″E / 52.852°N 0.716°E / 52.852; 0.716 (Syderstone Common)
TF 830 317
[408]
NWT[409] Map Citation The common has heath and grassland areas in the valley of the River Tat. Pools on sand and gravel provide suitable habitats for five species of breeding amphibians, including the nationally rare natterjack toad.[410]
Thetford Golf Course and Marsh Thetford Golf Course Green tickY 122.3 hectares
(302 acres)
[411]
PP Thetford
52°25′12″N 0°42′43″E / 52.420°N 0.712°E / 52.420; 0.712 (Thetford Golf Course & Marsh)
TL 845 837
[411]
NCR,[412] SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation Dry grass heath covers much of this site but there are also areas of lichen and heather, with a diverse flora including uncommon plants. Horse Meadows has wet peaty areas have fenland plants and alder woodland.[413]
Thompson Water, Carr and Common Thompson Water Green tickY 154.7 hectares
(382 acres)
[414]
YES Thetford
52°31′26″N 0°50′31″E / 52.524°N 0.842°E / 52.524; 0.842 (Thompson Water, Carr and Common)
TL 929 956
[414]
LNR,[55] NCR,[415] NWT,[416] SAC[17] Map Citation This grassland site in the valley of a tributary of the River Wissey has a number of pingos, damp and water filled depressions formed by the melting of ice at the end of the last glaciation. It also has a lake called Thompson Water which, together with its surrounding reedswamp, is important for breeding birds.[417]
Tindall Wood, Ditchingham Tindall Wood Green tickY 42.2 hectares
(104 acres)
[418]
NO Bungay
52°29′20″N 1°25′34″E / 52.489°N 1.426°E / 52.489; 1.426 (Tindall Wood, Ditchingham)
TM 327 934
[418]
Map Citation This is one of the largest hornbeam woods in Norfolk. It is ancient coppice with standards, and the standards are oak, ash and hornbeam, and there are several uncommon species in the ground flora.[419]
Trinity Broads  Trinity Broads Green tickY 316.8 hectares
(783 acres)
[420]
PP Great Yarmouth
52°40′34″N 1°38′35″E / 52.676°N 1.643°E / 52.676; 1.643 (Trinity Broads)
TG 464 149
[420]
SAC[4] Map Citation The site is composed of five interconnected lakes in a side valley of the River Bure, together with reedswamp, wet woodland and fen. There are nationally important numbers of breeding wildfowl, and several nationally rare invertebrates, such as the swallowtail butterfly and two Red Data Book flies.[421]
Upper Thurne Broads and Marshes Upper Thurne Broads and Marshes Green tickY 1,185.9 hectares
(2,930 acres)
[422]
PP Norwich
52°44′02″N 1°36′18″E / 52.734°N 1.605°E / 52.734; 1.605 (Upper Thurne Broads and Marshes)
TG 435 212
[422]
AONB,[34] NCR,[423] NNR[424][425] NWT,[426][427] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This is one of the finest wetland complexes in Britain, and it is internationally important for its wetland plant communities and associated animal species. It has four lakes, Hickling Broad, Heigham Sound, Horsey Mere and Martham Broad, together with smaller water bodies, swamp, fen, woodland and grazing marsh.[428]
Upton Broad and Marshes Upton Broad and Marshes Green tickY 195.4 hectares
(483 acres)
[429]
YES Norwich
52°40′05″N 1°32′10″E / 52.668°N 1.536°E / 52.668; 1.536 (Upton Broad & Marshes)
TG 392 137
[429]
NCR,[430] NWT,[431] Ramsar,[3] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This is described by Natural England as "an outstanding example of unreclaimed wetland and grazing marsh". Its rich invertebrate fauna includes eighteen species of freshwater snail, and an outstanding variety of dragonflies and damselflies, including the nationally rare Norfolk hawker.[432]
Warham Camp Warham Camp Green tickY 5.1 hectares
(13 acres)
[433]
YES Wells-next-the-Sea
52°55′44″N 0°53′20″E / 52.929°N 0.889°E / 52.929; 0.889 (Warham Camp)
TF 943 408
[433]
AONB,[34] SM[434] Map Citation This unimproved chalk grassland site is heavily grazed by rabbits and cattle. It has diverse herb species such as common rock-rose and squinancywort, and butterflies including the chalkhill blue.[435]
The Wash The Wash Green tickY 62,045.6 hectares
(153,318 acres)
[436]
PP Spalding
52°56′13″N 0°17′10″E / 52.937°N 0.286°E / 52.937; 0.286 (The Wash)
TF 537 402
[436]
AONB,[34] NCR,[437] NNR,[438] Ramsar,[439] RSPB,[440] SAC,[297] SPA[441] Map[f] Citation The Wash is very important as a breeding ground for common seals, and it is also very significant for wintering waders and wildfowl which feed on its rich supply of invertebrates. Saltmarshes provide birds with valuable breeding grounds.[442]
Wayland Wood, Watton Wayland Wood Green tickY 31.7 hectares
(78 acres)
[443]
YES Thetford
52°33′36″N 0°50′17″E / 52.560°N 0.838°E / 52.560; 0.838 (Wayland Wood, Watton)
TL 925 996
[443]
NCR,[444] NWT[445] Map Citation This semi-natural wood on wet calcareous boulder clay is managed by coppicing. Breeding birds include woodcocks, lesser spotted woodpeckeres and nuthatches.[446]
Weeting Heath Weeting Heath Green tickY 141.8 hectares
(350 acres)
[447]
PL Brandon
52°27′54″N 0°35′10″E / 52.465°N 0.586°E / 52.465; 0.586 (Weeting Heath)
TL 758 884
[447]
NCR,[448] NNR,[449] NWT,[450] SAC,[22] SPA[23] Map Citation This grass and lichen heath is grazed by rabbits. It has a high density of breeding birds, including stone-curlews. One arable field is reserved for uncommon Breckland plants.[451]
Wells Chalk Pit Wells Chalk Pit Green tickY Green tickY 4.0 hectares
(9.9 acres)
[452]
YES Wells-next-the-Sea
52°56′56″N 0°52′12″E / 52.949°N 0.870°E / 52.949; 0.870 (Wells Chalk Pit)
TF 929 429
[452]
AONB,[34] GCR[453] Map Citation This quarry has chalk grassland with large populations of orchids in areas which have not been worked for many years. The site is also geologically important as it exposes the glacial deposits of the Marly Drift till, which was formerly believed to date to the Anglian glaciation, but may belong to the more recent Wolstonian ice age.[454][455]
West Runton Cliffs West Runton Cliffs Green tickY 17.8 hectares
(44 acres)
[456]
YES Cromer
52°56′28″N 1°15′11″E / 52.941°N 1.253°E / 52.941; 1.253 (West Runton Cliffs)
TG 187 431
[456]
GCR[457][458] Map Citation This site is important because it exposes a succession of warm and cold stages in the middle Pleistocene between about 2 million and 400,000 years ago. It shows a succession of advances and retreats of the sea, and it is the stratotype for the Cromerian Stage.[459]
Westwick Lakes Westwick Lakes Green tickY 9.8 hectares
(24 acres)
[460]
NO Norwich
52°47′38″N 1°22′16″E / 52.794°N 1.371°E / 52.794; 1.371 (Westwick Lakes)
TG 274 272
[460]
Map Citation Many wildfowl over-winter on these five man-made lakes, which have unusual aquatic flora. Plants on the lake margins include lesser reedmace, soft rush and sweet flag.[461]
Weybourne Cliffs Weybourne Cliffs Green tickY Green tickY 40.9 hectares
(101 acres)
[462]
YES Sheringham
52°56′46″N 1°10′23″E / 52.946°N 1.173°E / 52.946; 1.173 (Weybourne Cliffs)
TG 133 435
[462]
AONB,[34] GCR[463][464] Map Citation This Pleistocene site is the type locality for the Pastonian Weybourne Crag Formation, and its fossils of marine molluscs have been studied for 200 years. Its ecological interest lies in colonies of sand martins in the cliffs.[465]
Weybourne Town Pit Green tickY 0.7 hectares
(1.7 acres)
[466]
Holt
52°56′35″N 1°08′42″E / 52.943°N 1.145°E / 52.943; 1.145 (Weybourne Town Pit)
TG 114 430
[466]
AONB,[34] GCR[467] Map Citation
Whitwell Common Whitwell Common Green tickY 19.4 hectares
(48 acres)
[468]
YES Norwich
52°44′28″N 1°05′20″E / 52.741°N 1.089°E / 52.741; 1.089 (Whitwell Common)
TG 086 204
[468]
Map Citation This common in the valley of a tributary of the River Wensum has diverse wetland flora on peat soils. There are also areas of wet alder woodland, fen and unimproved grassland, with grasses such as sheep's fescue and Yorkshire fog.[469]
Wiggenhall St Germans Wiggenhall St Germans Green tickY 5.2 hectares
(13 acres)
[470]
YES King's Lynn
52°41′56″N 0°20′56″E / 52.699°N 0.349°E / 52.699; 0.349 (Wiggenhall St. Germans)
TF 588 138
[470]
GCR[471] Map Citation This site provides evidence for sea level changes during the Quaternary period, the last 2.6 million years. There are three peat layers, interspersed with fine-grained clastic rocks, and they have been studied with pollen and foraminifera analyses.[472]
Winterton-Horsey Dunes Winterton-Horsey Dunes Green tickY Green tickY 427.0 hectares
(1,055 acres)
[473]
YES Great Yarmouth
52°43′59″N 1°40′41″E / 52.733°N 1.678°E / 52.733; 1.678 (Winterton-Horsey Dunes)
TG 484 214
[473]
AONB,[34] GCR,[474] NCR,[475] NNR,[476] SAC,[477] SPA[194] Map Citation This site has extensive dunes together with areas of grazing marsh and birch woodland. Invertebrates include a rare amphibian and a rare butterfly. The site is geologically important as it displays the processes which control dynamic dune development.[478]
Wiveton Downs Wiveton Downs Green tickY Green tickY 28.9 hectares
(71 acres)
[479]
PP Holt
52°56′38″N 1°00′43″E / 52.944°N 1.012°E / 52.944; 1.012 (Wiveton Downs)
TG 025 428
[479]
AONB,[34] GCR,[480][481] LNR[482] Map Citation This is a classic example of an esker, a glacial crevasse which has been filled in until it forms a narrow winding ridge. It has been very important for teaching, research and demonstration.[483]
Wretham Park Meres Green tickY 30.0 hectares
(74 acres)
[484]
Thetford
52°29′28″N 0°48′25″E / 52.491°N 0.807°E / 52.491; 0.807 (Wretham Park Meres)
TL 907 918
[484]
Map Citation
Wretton Wretton Green tickY 20.6 hectares
(51 acres)
[485]
PP King's Lynn
52°33′54″N 0°28′59″E / 52.565°N 0.483°E / 52.565; 0.483 (Wretton)
TL 684 992
[485]
GCR[486][487] Map Citation This site exposes layer across the transition between the warm Ipswichian and the colder Devensian around 115,000 years ago. It has the richest assemblage of early Devensian vertebrate fossils in Britain, including arctic fox, bison and woolly rhinoceros.[488]
Yare Broads and Marshes Yare Broads and Marshes Green tickY 744.5 hectares
(1,840 acres)
[489]
PP Norwich
52°36′07″N 1°26′53″E / 52.602°N 1.448°E / 52.602; 1.448 (Yare Broads and Marshes)
TG 336 061
[489]
NCR,[490] NNR,[98] Ramsar,[3] RSPB,[491][492] SAC,[4] SPA[5] Map Citation This is a nationally important wetland site, with grazing marsh, open water, fen, carr woodland and peat. There are many nationally rare plants and many birds including nationally important wintering flocks of wigeon.[493]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The area and grid reference are taken from the "Details" page for each site on the Natural England database.
  2. ^ The maps are provided by Natural England on the Magic Map website.
  3. ^ Citations are provided for each site by Natural England.
  4. ^ a b c d This site is partly in Suffolk
  5. ^ This site is partly in Cambridgeshire
  6. ^ This site is partly in Lincolnshire

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Alderfen Broad". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "Alderfen Broad". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Designated Sites View: Broadland". Ramsar Site. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Designated Sites View: The Broads". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Designated Sites View: Broadland". Special Protection Areass. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "Alderfen Broad citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  7. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Alderford Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  8. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Ant Broads and Marshes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  9. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 307
  10. ^ "Designated Sites View: Ant Broads and Marshes". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  11. ^ "Designated Sites View: How Hill". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 5 June 2018. 
  12. ^ "Barton Broad". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  13. ^ "Ant Broads and Marshes citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  14. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Aslacton Parish Land". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  15. ^ "Aslacton Parish Land citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 29 July 2018. 
  16. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Badley Moor". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Designated Sites View: Norfolk Valley Fens". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  18. ^ "Badley Moor, Dereham citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 3 September 2018. 
  19. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Barnhamcross Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  20. ^ "Designated Sites View: Barnham Cross Common". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  21. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 136
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Designated Sites View: Breckland". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Designated Sites View: Breckland". Special Protection Areass. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  24. ^ "Barnhamcross Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  25. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Bawsey". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  26. ^ "Bawsey (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  27. ^ "Bawsey citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  28. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Beeston Cliffs". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  29. ^ "Beeston (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  30. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Beetley and Hoe Meadows". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  31. ^ "Hoe Rough". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  32. ^ "Beetley and Hoe Meadows citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  33. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Bilsey Hill". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Norfolk Coast AONB Management Plan 2014-19: Other Conservation Designations within the AONB" (PDF). Norfolk Coast AONB. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  35. ^ "Bilsey Hill (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  36. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Blackborough End Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  37. ^ "Blackborough End (Berriasian, Valanginian, Hauterivian, Barremian)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  38. ^ "Blackborough End Pit citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 4 June 2018. 
  39. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Blo' Norton and Thelnetham Fens". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  40. ^ Ratcliffe, pp. 214–215
  41. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Waveney & Little Ouse Valley Fens". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  42. ^ "Blo' Norton and Thelnetham Fens citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  43. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Booton Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  44. ^ "Booton Common". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  45. ^ "Booton Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  46. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Boughton Fen". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  47. ^ "Boughton Fen citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  48. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Bramerton Pits". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 May 2018. 
  49. ^ "Bramerton (Pleistocene Vertebrata)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  50. ^ "Bramerton (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  51. ^ "Bramerton Pits citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  52. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Breckland Farmland". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  53. ^ "Breckland Farmland citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  54. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Breckland Forest". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  55. ^ a b c "Designated Sites View: Great Eastern Pingo Trail". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 4 June 2018. 
  56. ^ "Breckland Forest citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  57. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Breydon Water". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  58. ^ "Designated Sites View: Breydon Water". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  59. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Breydon Water". Ramsar Site. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  60. ^ a b "Berney Marshes and Breydon Water". Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  61. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Breydon Water". Special Protection Areass. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  62. ^ "Breydon Water citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  63. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Bridgham and Brettenham Heaths". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  64. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 132
  65. ^ "Designated Sites View: Brettenham Heath". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  66. ^ "Bridgham and Brettenham Heaths citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  67. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: The Brinks, Northwold". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 17 May 2018. 
  68. ^ "The Brinks, Northwold citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 September 2018. 
  69. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Briton's Lane Gravel Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  70. ^ "Briton`s Lane Gravel Pit (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  71. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Broad Fen, Dilham". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  72. ^ "Broad Fen, Dilham citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  73. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Broome Heath Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  74. ^ "Broome Heath (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  75. ^ "Designated Sites View: Broome Heath". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  76. ^ "Broome Heath Pit citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 July 2018. 
  77. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Bryant's Heath, Felmingham". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  78. ^ "Bryant's Heath, Felmingham citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  79. ^ a b "Designated Sites View:Bure Broads and Marshes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  80. ^ Ratcliffe, pp. 55-56, 209
  81. ^ "Designated Sites View: Bure Marshes". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  82. ^ "Cockshoot Broad". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  83. ^ "Ranworth Broad". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  84. ^ "Bure Broads and Marshes citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  85. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Burgh Common and Muckfleet Marshes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  86. ^ "Burgh Common and Muckfleet Marshes citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 19 August 2018. 
  87. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Buxton Heath". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  88. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 215
  89. ^ "Buxton Heath citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  90. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Caistor St. Edmund Chalk Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  91. ^ "Caistor St Edmund Chalk Pit (Cenomanian, Turonian, Senonian, Maastrichtian)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  92. ^ "Caistor St Edmund Pit (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  93. ^ "Caistor St Edmund Chalk Pit citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  94. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Calthorpe Broad". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  95. ^ Ratcliffe, pp. 172–73, 210
  96. ^ "Designated Sites View: Calthorpe Broad". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  97. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Cantley Marshes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  98. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Mid-Yare". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  99. ^ "Broads Landscape Character Assessment" (PDF). Broads Authority. 2006. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  100. ^ "Cantley Marshes citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  101. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Castle Acre Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  102. ^ "Castle Acre Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  103. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Catton Grove Chalk Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  104. ^ "Catton Grove Chalk Pit (Cenomanian, Turonian, Senonian, Maastrichtian)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  105. ^ "Catton Grove Chalk Pit citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  106. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Cawston and Marsham Heaths". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  107. ^ "Cawston and Marsham Heaths citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  108. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Cockthorpe Common, Stiffkey". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  109. ^ "Cockthorpe Common, Stiffkey citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 10 June 2018. 
  110. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Coston Fen, Runhall". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  111. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Cranberry Rough Hockham". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  112. ^ "Hockham Mere (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  113. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 214
  114. ^ "Cranberry Rough, Hockham citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  115. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Cranwich Camp". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  116. ^ "Cranwich Camp citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  117. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Crostwick Marsh". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  118. ^ "Crostwick Marsh citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  119. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Damgate Marshes, Acle". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  120. ^ "Damgate Marshes citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  121. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Decoy Carr, Acle". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  122. ^ "Decoy Carr, Acle citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  123. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Dereham Rush Meadow". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  124. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Dersingham Bog". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  125. ^ "Dersingham (Berriasian, Valanginian, Hauterivian, Barremian)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  126. ^ Ratcliffe, pp. 140, 215–16
  127. ^ "Designated Sites View: Dersingham Bog". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  128. ^ "Designated Sites View: Dersingham Bog". Ramsar Site. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  129. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Roydon Common and Dersingham Bog". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  130. ^ "Dersingham Bog citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  131. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Didlington Park Lakes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  132. ^ "Didlington Park Lakes citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 September 2018. 
  133. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Dillington Carr, Gressenhall". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  134. ^ "Dillington Carr, Gressenhall citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  135. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Ducan's Marsh, Claxton". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  136. ^ "Ducan's Marsh, Claxton citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  137. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: East Harling Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  138. ^ "East Harling Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  139. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: East Runton Cliffs". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  140. ^ "East Runton (Pleistocene Vertebrata)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  141. ^ "East Runton (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  142. ^ "East Runton Cliffs citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 9 June 2018. 
  143. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: East Ruston Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  144. ^ "East Ruston Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 9 June 2018. 
  145. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: East Walton and Adcock's Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  146. ^ "East Walton Common (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  147. ^ "East Walton and Adcock's Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 9 June 2018. 
  148. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: East Winch Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  149. ^ "East Winch Common". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  150. ^ "East Winch Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 10 June 2018. 
  151. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: East Wretham Heath". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  152. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 131
  153. ^ "East Wretham Heath". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  154. ^ "East Wretham Heath citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  155. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Eaton Chalk Pit". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  156. ^ "Eaton Chalk Pit citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 7 August 2018. 
  157. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Edgefield Little Wood". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  158. ^ "Edgefield Little Wood citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  159. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Elm Road Field, Thetford". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  160. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Felbrigg Woods". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  161. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 60
  162. ^ "Felbrigg Hall, Gardens and Estate". National Trust. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  163. ^ "Felbrigg Hall". Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. Historic England. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  164. ^ "Felbrigg Woods citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  165. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Field Barn Heaths, Hilborough". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  166. ^ "Field Barn Heaths, Hilborough citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 September 2018. 
  167. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Flordon Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  168. ^ "Flordon Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  169. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Forncett Meadows". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  170. ^ "Forncett Meadows citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 29 July 2018. 
  171. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Foulden Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  172. ^ Ratcliffe, pp. 141–42
  173. ^ "Foulden Common citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  174. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Foxley Wood". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  175. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 59
  176. ^ "Designated Sites View: Foxley Wood". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 5 June 2018. 
  177. ^ "Foxley Wood". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  178. ^ "Foxley Wood citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  179. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Fritton Common, Morningthorpe". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  180. ^ "Fritton Common, Morningthorpe citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 29 July 2018. 
  181. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Gawdyhall Big Wood, Harleston". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  182. ^ "Gawdyhall Big Wood, Harleston citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 29 July 2018. 
  183. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Geldeston Meadows". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  184. ^ "Geldeston Meadows citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 July 2018. 
  185. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Glandford (Hurdle Lane)". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  186. ^ "Glandford (Hurdle Lane) (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  187. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Glandford (Letheringsett Road)". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  188. ^ "Glandford (Letheringsett Road) (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  189. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Gooderstone Warren". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  190. ^ "Gooderstone Warren citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 September 2018. 
  191. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Great Cressingham Fen". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  192. ^ "Great Cressingham Fen citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 September 2018. 
  193. ^ a b c "Designated Sites View: Great Yarmouth North Denes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  194. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Great Yarmouth North Denes". Special Protection Areass. Natural England. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
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  258. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Limpenhoe Meadows". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  259. ^ "Limpenhoe Meadows citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  260. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Lower Wood, Ashwellthorpe". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
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  263. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Ludham - Potter Heigham Marshes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
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  266. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Mattishall Moor". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
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  268. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Middle Harling Fen". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
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  278. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Narborough Railway Embankment". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  279. ^ "Narborough Railway Line". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
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  281. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: New Buckenham Common". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  282. ^ "New Buckenham Common". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
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  286. ^ "North Norfolk Coast (Coastal Geomorphology of England)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
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  289. ^ "Designated Sites View: Scolt Head Island". National Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
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  293. ^ "Salthouse Marshes". Norfolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  294. ^ "Titchwell Marsh". Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  295. ^ "Designated Sites View: North Norfolk Coast". Ramsar Site. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  296. ^ "Designated Sites View: North Norfolk Coast". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  297. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: The Wash and North Norfolk Coast". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  298. ^ "Designated Sites View: North Norfolk Coast". Special Protection Areass. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
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  300. ^ a b "Designated Sites View:Old Bodney Camp". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  301. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Old Buckenham Fen". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
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  303. ^ a b "Designated Sites View: Ouse Washes". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 16 May 2018. 
  304. ^ "Welney (Quaternary of East Anglia)". Geological Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  305. ^ Ratcliffe, p. 138
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  307. ^ "Designated Sites View: Ouse Washes". Special Areas of Conservation. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  308. ^ "Designated Sites View: Ouse Washes". Special Protection Areass. Natural England. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  309. ^ "Welney Wetland Centre". Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
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