Outline of the Solomon Islands

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The Flag of Solomon Islands
The location of Solomon Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Solomon Islands:

Solomon Islands is a sovereign Melanesian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean south-east of Papua New Guinea.[1] The country is composed of nearly one thousand islands of the Solomon Islands archipelago, which cover a total land area of 27,540 square kilometres (10,630 sq mi). The capital is Honiara, located on the island of Guadalcanal.

The Solomon Islands archipelago is believed to have been inhabited by Melanesian people for thousands of years. Some of the most bitter fighting of World War II occurred in the Solomon Islands campaign of 1942–45, including the Battle of Guadalcanal. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. The country is a Commonwealth realm.

The historical North Solomon Islands covered Bougainville Island, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, the Shortlands and Ontong Java and were largely under German control until 1900. The southern Solomon Islands, which included Guadalcanal, the Nggelas, Gizo, Kolombangara, Marovo Island, Mborokua, New Georgia, Vella Lavella, Vangunu, Rennell, Bellona, Makira, Malaita, Temotu and a number of associated smaller islands were under British control and in 1893 became the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. In 1945, Bougainville, and some associated minor islands, were transferred away from the protectorate to Australian administration and then in 1970 became a part of Papua New Guinea. The remainder stayed under the protectorate until independence in 1978 at which point they were officially named Solomon Islands. All of the north and south Solomon Islands taken together are generally referred to as the Solomon Islands to distinguish them from the nation state of Solomon Islands.

Since 1998, ethnic violence, government misconduct, and crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003 an Australian-led "multinational" force, the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI), arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias.[2]

General reference[edit]

The whole of Solomon Islands, click to enlarge

Geography of Solomon Islands[edit]

Topographical map of the island of Guadalcanal, click to enlarge

The term the Solomon Islands refers to the group of islands that includes the islands of the nation state Solomon Islands but also other islands such as Bougainville, a province of Papua New Guinea. The Solomon Islands was the name given to this wider group of geographical islands by the British administration up to the independence of Solomon Islands in 1978; this article concerns itself with the political entity, the nation state of Solomon Islands.

Environment of Solomon Islands[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Choiseul Island

Natural geographic features of Solomon Islands[edit]

Regions of Solomon Islands[edit]

Ecoregions of Solomon Islands[edit]

Administrative divisions of Solomon Islands[edit]

Provinces of Solomon Islands[edit]

Demography of Solomon Islands[edit]

Government and politics of Solomon Islands[edit]

Politics of the Solomon Islands

Branches of the government of Solomon Islands[edit]

Executive branch of the government of the Solomon Islands[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of the Solomon Islands[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Solomon Islands[edit]

Foreign relations of Solomon Islands[edit]

International organisation membership[edit]

The government of Solomon Islands is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Solomon Islands[edit]

Military of the Solomon Islands[edit]

There is no military in Solomon Islands.[3]

Local government in Solomon Islands[edit]

History of Solomon Islands[edit]

Main article: History of the Solomon Islands, Timeline of the history of the Solomon Islands, and Current events of the Solomon Islands

Culture of Solomon Islands[edit]

Art in Solomon Islands[edit]

Sports in Solomon Islands[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Solomon Islands[edit]

Education in Solomon Islands[edit]

Infrastructure of Solomon Islands[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Solomon Islands


  1. ^ a b "Solomon Islands". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 13 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 
  2. ^ "What is RAMSI?", RAMSI
  3. ^ "Solomon Islands", CIA World Factbook

External links[edit]