List of South American dinosaurs

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This is a list of dinosaurs whose remains have been recovered from South America.

List of South American Dinosaurs[edit]

Nomen dubium
Invalid
Nomen nudum
Name Period Diet[1] Country Notes
Abelisaurus Cretaceous        carnivore Argentina Known only from a single skull.
Achillesaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina May be the same as Alvarezsaurus.
Adamantisaurus Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A titanosaur.
Adeopapposaurus Jurassic herbivore Argentina Shows that some "prosauropods" may have had keratinous beaks.
Aeolosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Found in Argentina.
Aerosteon Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A megaraptoran with hollow, bird-like bones.
Agustinia Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Once thought to have spikes on its back.
Alnashetri Cretaceous carnivore Argentina An alvarezsauroid.
Alvarezsaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A strange, bird-like dinosaur.
Amargasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A sauropod with backward-pointing spines on its neck.
Amargatitanis Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A dicraeosaurid formerly thought to be a titanosaur.
Amazonsaurus Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A rebbachisaur.
Amygdalodon Jurassic herbivore Argentina One of the few Middle Jurassic sauropods from South America.
Anabisetia Cretaceous herbivore Argentina An iguanodont; a member of Elasmaria.
Andesaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A basal titanosaur.
Angaturama Cretaceous carnivore Brazil A spinosaurine. Possibly synonymous with Irritator.
Aniksosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Possibly a compsognathid.
Antarctosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina May include one of the largest dinosaurs.
Aoniraptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Different from Gualicho.
Aratasaurus Cretaceous carnivore Brazil A basal coelurosaurian.
Argentinosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Possibly one of the largest known dinosaurs.
Argyrosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Asfaltovenator Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A basal allosaurid.
Atacamatitan Cretaceous herbivore Chile A sauropod.
Aucasaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina The most completely-known abelisaur.
Austrocheirus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Possibly an abelisaur.
Austroraptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A fish-hunting dromaeosaur with a long snout and short arms.
Bajadasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A dicraeosaurid.
Barrosasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Baurutitan Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A lithostrotian titanosaur.
"Bayosaurus" Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Nomen nudum
Bicentenaria Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A basal coelurosaur.
Bonapartenykus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A large alvarezsaurid found in association with its eggs.
Bonapartesaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina a hadrosaur.
Bonatitan Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Bonitasaura Cretaceous herbivore Argentina One of the few titanosaurs from which skull material is known.
Brachytrachelopan Jurassic herbivore Argentina A sauropod with a comparatively short neck.
Brasilotitan Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A sauropod.
Bravasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A aeolosaurin titanosaur.
Buitreraptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A unenlagiine dromaeosaurid.
Campylodoniscus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Known only from teeth.
Carnotaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A theropod with short arms and two horns on top of its head.
Cathartesaura Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Named after the turkey vulture, Cathartes aura
Chilesaurus Jurassic herbivore Chile Shows characteristics of all major donosaur groups.
Chromogisaurus Triassic unknown Argentina A basal sauropodomorph.
Chubutisaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A basal titanosauriform.
Clasmodosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Known only from teeth.
Coloradisaurus Triassic herbivore Argentina Originally called "Coloradia".
Comahuesaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A rebbachisaur.
Condorraptor Jurassic carnivore Argentina A cousin of Piatnitzkysaurus.
Dreadnoughtus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina One of the more completely known titanosaurs.
Drusilasaura Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A member of the group Lognkosauria.
Ekrixinatosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Its discovery helped fill in gaps in the knowledge of abelisaurs.
Elaltitan Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Eoabelisaurus Jurassic carnivore Argentina Despite the name, it may be a primitive ceratosaur.
Eodromaeus Triassic carnivore Argentina Sometimes cited as the "Eve" of the dinosaurs.
Eoraptor Triassic omnivore Argentina Thought to be one of the earliest known dinosaurs. Nyasasaurus from Africa may be older.
Epachthosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Futalognkosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A very large titanosaur.
Gasparinisaura Cretaceous herbivore Argentina An iguanodont; a member of elasmarian.
Genyodectes Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A ceratosaur.
Giganotosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina One of the largest terrestrial carnivorous dinosaurs.
Gnathovorax Triassic Carnivore Brazil A basal Saurischian (Herrerasauridae) found in Brazil.
Gondwanatitan Cretaceous herbivore Brazil Named after the ancient continent of Gondwana.
Guaibasaurus Triassic carnivore Brazil Either a basal theropod or sauropodomorph.
Gualicho Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Shows tyrannosaurid-like short two-fingered arms; though it probably isn't tyrannosaurid.
Herrerasaurus Triassic carnivore Argentina One of the oldest known dinosaurs.
Huinculsaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A elaphrosaurine ceratosaur.
Ilokelesia Cretaceous carnivore Argentina An abelisaur.
Irritator Cretaceous carnivore Brazil May not be synonymous with Angaturama.
Isaberrysaura Jurassic herbivore Argentina An ornithischian, possibly a stegosaur.
Isasicursor Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A elasmarian ornitopod.
Itapeuasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A Brazilian sauropod.
Katepensaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A rebbachisaurid sauropod.
Lajasvenator Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Possibly the smallest known allosauroid.
Lapampasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina One of the few South American hadrosaurs.
Laplatasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Laquintasaura Jurassic herbivore Venezuela Probably a thyreophoran.
Leinkupal Cretaceous herbivore Argentina One of the latest surviving diplodocid sauropods.
Leonerasaurus Triassic or Jurassic herbivore Argentina A basal sauropodomorph.
Lessemsaurus Triassic herbivore Argentina Its relatives are among the earliest known large sauropods.
Leyesaurus Jurassic herbivore Argentina A basal sauropodomorph.
Ligabueino Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A noasaur.
Ligabuesaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A sauropod.
Limaysaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A rebbachisaurid sauropod.
Loncosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Probably an ornithopod.
Macrogryphosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina An iguanodont; a member of Elasmaria.
Malarguesaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A sauropod.
Manidens Jurassic omnivore Argentina A heterodontosaur.
Mapusaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina & possibly Chile A carcharodontosaurid that may have hunted in packs.
Maxakalisaurus Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A sauropod.
Megaraptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Originally thought to be a giant dromaeosaur.
Mendozasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Mirischia Cretaceous carnivore Brazil A compsognathid.
Microcoelus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina May be synonymous with Neuquensaurus.
Mussaurus Triassic herbivore Argentina A basal sauropodomorph formerly known from only juvenile remains.
Muyelensaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Narambuenatitan Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A recently discovered titanosaur.
Neuquenraptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Probably synonymous with Unenlagia.
Neuquensaurus Cretaceous herbivore Uruguay & Argentina A close relative of Saltasaurus.
Niebla Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A abelisaur.
Noasaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A small ceratosaur with a light build.
Nopcsaspondylus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Its only fossil, a vertebra, has been lost.
Notoceratops Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Known from an incomplete jaw that represents the only South American ceratopsian.
Notocolossus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A large, recently discovered titanosaur.
Notohypsilophodon Cretaceous herbivore Argentina An iguanodont; a member of Elasmaria.
Nullotitan Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Orkoraptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A megaraptoran originally thought to be a compsognathid.
Overosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A relatively small titanosaur.
Padillasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Colombia First and so far only dinosaur to be described in Colombia.
Pampadromaeus Triassic herbivore Brazil A basal sauropodomorph.
Pamparaptor Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A small dromaeosaurid.
Panamericansaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Named after the Pan American Energy Company.
Panphagia Triassic omnivore Argentina Possibly omnivorous.
Patagonykus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina An alvarezsaur.
Patagosaurus Jurassic herbivore Argentina A close relative of Cetiosaurus.
Pellegrinisaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Petrobrasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Piatnitzkysaurus Jurassic carnivore Argentina A megalosauroid theropod.
Pitekunsaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Puertasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A large titanosaur.
Punatitan Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A aeolosaurin titanosaur.
Pycnonemosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Brazil Possibly the largest abelisaur.
Quetecsaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Quilmesaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Considered a nomen vanum by some.
Rayososaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A close relative of Rebbachisaurus.
Rinconsaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur belonging to the Rinconsauria.
Riojasaurus herbivore Argentina One of the first large sauropodomorphs.
Rocasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A close relative of Saltasaurus.
Saltasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur known to possess osteoderms.
Sanjuansaurus Triassic carnivore Argentina A herrerasaurid saurischian.
Santanaraptor Cretaceous carnivore Brazil Muscle tissue was found on the holotype specimen.
Sarmientosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Known from a well-preserved skull.
Saturnalia Triassic herbivore Brazil & Zimbabwe A basal sauropodomorph.
Secernosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina First hadrosaur discovered from South America
Skorpiovenator Cretaceous carnivore Argentina An abelisaur.
Spinosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Brazil Oxalaia is a synonym of Spinosaurus.
Staurikosaurus Triassic carnivore Brazil Possibly one of the oldest dinosaurs.
Talenkauen Cretaceous herbivore Argentina An iguanodont; a member of Elasmaria.
Tapuiasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A titanosaur.
Tehuelchesaurus Jurassic herbivore Argentina A basal macronarian.
Thanos Cretaceous carnivore Brazil Named after the Marvel Comics villain Thanos.
Tralkasaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina An abelisaurid of medium size.
Traukutitan Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A titanosaur.
Trigonosaurus Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A titanosaur.
Tyrannotitan Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A large carcharodontosaurid.
Uberabatitan Cretaceous herbivore Brazil A titanosaur.
Ubirajara Cretaceous Carnivore Brazil A compsognathid with unusual display structures, named from a fossil illegally exported from Brazil.
Unaysaurus Triassic herbivore Brazil A basal sauropodomorph.
Unenlagia Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A very bird-like dromaeosaurid.
Unquillosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina Possibly a relative of Unenlagia.
Velocisaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina A noasaur, not to be confused with Velociraptor.
Vespersaurus Cretaceous carnivore Brazil Named after the city Vésper in the state of Paraná, where it was found. First dinosaur to be found in this state
Volkheimeria Jurassic herbivore Argentina A sauropod.
Willinakaqe Cretaceous herbivore Argentina Probably a chimaera.
Xenotarsosaurus Cretaceous carnivore Argentina An abelisaur.
Yamanasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Ecuador First dinosaur to be found in Ecuador.
Zapalasaurus Cretaceous herbivore Argentina A rebbachisaurid sauropod.
Zupaysaurus Triassic carnivore Argentina A basal theropod.

Timeline[edit]

This is a timeline of selected dinosaurs from the list above. Time is measured in Ma, megaannum, along the x-axis. Carnivores are shown in red, herbivores in green and omnivores in blue.

MesozoicTriassicJurassicCretaceousSaltasaurusBaurutitanAustroraptorCarnotaurusAbelisaurusGasparinisauraPycnonemosaurusDreadnoughtusSecernosaurusQuilmesaurusAustroposeidonPuertasaurusThanos simonattoiMahuidacursorAlvarezsaurusNeuquensaurusOverosaurusViavenatorVelocisaurusAchillesaurusMalarguesaurusMacrogryphosaurusBayosaurusAnabisetiaOrkoraptorAlnashetriEkrixinatosaurusGualicho shinyaeLimaysaurusAndesaurusBicentenariaBuitreraptorMapusaurusSkorpiovenatorArgentinosaurusGiganotosaurusPatagotitanOxalaiaSantanaraptorMirischiaIrritatorTyrannotitanAmazonsaurusGenyodectesAmargastegosAmargasaurusZapalasaurusLigabueinoPadillasaurusLeinkupalBajadasaurusChilesaurusTehuelchesaurusPandoravenatorIsaberrysauraEoabelisaurusCondorraptorManidensPatagosaurusPiatnitzkysaurusLeonerasaurusAmygdalodonTachiraptorLeyesaurusAdeopapposaurusLaquintasauraLucianovenatorZupaysaurusColoradisaurusGuaibasaurusUnaysaurusLessemsaurusStaurikosaurusChromogisaurusSanjuansaurusPanphagiaEoraptorEodromaeusHerrerasaurusBuriolestesMesozoicTriassicJurassicCretaceous

Criteria for inclusion[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diet is sometimes hard to determine for dinosaurs and should be considered a "best guess"