List of South Park characters
South Park is an American animated television series created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone for the Comedy Central television network. The ongoing narrative revolves around four children, Stan Marsh, Kyle Broflovski, Eric Cartman and Kenny McCormick, and their bizarre adventures in and around the fictional and eponymous Colorado town. The town is also home to an assortment of characters who make frequent appearances in the show such as students and their family members, elementary school staff, and recurring characters.
Stan is portrayed as the everyman of the group, as the show's official website describes him as "a normal, average, American, mixed-up kid". Kyle is the lone Jew among the group, and his portrayal in this role is often dealt with satirically. Stan and Kyle are best friends, and their relationship, which is intended to reflect the real-life friendship between South Park creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone, is a common topic throughout the series. Cartman—loud, obnoxious, and obese—is sometimes portrayed as the series' main antagonist  and whose anti-Semitic attitude has resulted in an ever-progressing rivalry with Kyle. Kenny, who comes from a poor family, wears his parka hood so tightly that it covers most of his face and muffles his speech. During the show's first five seasons, Kenny would die in almost every single episode before returning in the next without explanation.
Stone and Parker perform the voices of most of the male South Park characters. Mary Kay Bergman voiced the majority of the female characters until her death in 1999. Eliza Schneider (1999–2003), Mona Marshall (2000–present), and April Stewart (2003–present) have voiced most of the female characters since. A few staff members such as Jennifer Howell, Vernon Chatman, John Hansen, Adrien Beard have voiced the other recurring characters.
- 1 Creation and inception
- 2 Main characters
- 3 Secondary characters
- 4 Recurring characters
- 5 Former characters
- 6 Reception and impact
- 7 Merchandise
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Creation and inception
Creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone originally conceived the idea of a South Park-like show with four children characters, but with a talking stool named Mr. Hankey as the show's main character and planned to call it The Mr. Hankey Show. Eventually, Parker and Stone adapted their original idea into a show revolving around the South Park town and four children with Mr. Hankey in a minor supporting role in a future episode. Comedy Central later expressed interest in the series, and picked it up. The premiere episode, "Cartman Gets an Anal Probe", debuted on Comedy Central on August 13, 1997, while Mr. Hankey would debut in the tenth episode, "Mr. Hankey, the Christmas Poo".
In tradition with the show's cutout animation style, the characters are composed of simple geometrical shapes and uninflected patches of predominantly primary colors. They are not offered the same free range of motion associated with hand-drawn characters, as they are mostly shown from only one angle, and their movements are animated in an intentionally jerky fashion. Ever since the show's second episode, "Weight Gain 4000", all the characters on the show have been animated with computer software, though they are portrayed to give the impression that the show still utilizes the original technique of cutout animation.
Stone and Parker voice most of the male South Park characters. Mary Kay Bergman voiced the majority of the female characters until her death in 1999, near the end of the third season. Eliza Schneider and Mona Marshall succeeded Bergman in 1999, and respectively 2000, with Schneider leaving the show in 2003, after the seventh season. She was replaced by April Stewart, who, along with Marshall, continues to voice most of the female characters. Bergman was originally listed in the credits under the alias Shannen Cassidy to protect her reputation as the voice of several Disney characters. Stewart was originally credited under the name Gracie Lazar, while Schneider was sometimes credited under her rock opera performance pseudonym Blue Girl.
Some South Park staff members voice other recurring characters; supervising producer Jennifer Howell voices student Bebe Stevens, writing consultant Vernon Chatman voices an anthropomorphic towel named Towelie, and production supervisor John Hansen voices Mr. Slave, the former gay lover of Mr. Garrison. South Park producer and storyboard artist Adrien Beard, who voices Token Black, the only African-American child in South Park, was recruited to voice the character "because he was the only black guy [in the] building" when Parker needed to quickly find someone to voice the character during the production of the season four (2000) episode "Cartman's Silly Hate Crime 2000".
Stanley "Stan" Marsh is one of the show's four central characters and is voiced by and loosely based on series co-creator Trey Parker. He first appeared in The Spirit of Christmas and is portrayed (in words of the show's official website) as "a normal, average, American, mixed-up kid". Stan is a third- then fourth-grade student who commonly has extraordinary experiences not typical of conventional small-town life in his hometown of South Park. In many episodes, Stan contemplates ethics in beliefs, moral dilemmas, and contentious issues, and will often reflect on the lessons he has attained with a speech that often begins with "You know, I learned something today...".
Kyle Broflovski is one of the show's four central characters and is voiced by and loosely based on series co-creator Matt Stone. Having appeared first in The Spirit of Christmas shorts, he often displays the highest moral standard of all the boys and is usually depicted as the most intelligent. When describing Kyle, Stone states that both he and the character are "reactionary", and susceptible to irritability and impatience. In some instances, Kyle is the only child in his class to not initially indulge in a fad or fall victim to a ploy. This has resulted in both his eagerness to fit in, and his resentment and frustration. Kyle is distinctive as one of the few Jewish children on the show, and because of this, he often feels like an outsider amongst the core group of characters. His portrayal in this role is often dealt with satirically, and has elicited both praise and criticism from Jewish viewers.
Eric Theodore Cartman first appeared in the 1992 short series "Jesus vs Frosty" and is voiced by Trey Parker. Cartman has been portrayed as aggressive, prejudiced and emotionally unstable since his character's inception. These traits are significantly augmented in later seasons as his character evolves, and he begins to exhibit psychopathic and extremely manipulative behavior. He is depicted as highly intelligent, able to execute morally appalling plans and business ideas with success. Among the show's main child characters, Cartman is distinguished as "the fat kid", for which he is continuously insulted and ridiculed. Cartman is frequently portrayed as a villain whose actions set in motion the events serving as the main plot of an episode. Other children and classmates are alienated by Cartman's insensitive, racist, homophobic, anti-semitic, misogynistic, lazy, self-righteous, and wildly insecure behavior. Cartman often makes anti-semitic insults towards Kyle, constantly teases Kenny for being poor, particularly manipulates and mistreats Butters Stotch and displays an extreme disdain for hippies. Though he is considered the main antagonist of the series, he has been portrayed as a protagonist or antihero on several occasions.
Kenneth "Kenny" McCormick is one of the shows' main characters who debuted in the 1992 short. His oft-muffled and indiscernible speech—the result of his parka hood covering his mouth—is voiced by co-creator Matt Stone. He is friends with Stan and Kyle, while maintaining a friendship with Eric Cartman. Kenny is regularly teased for living in poverty, particularly by Cartman. Prior to season six, Kenny died in almost every episode, with only a few exceptions.[note 1] The nature of the deaths was often gruesome and portrayed in a comically absurd fashion, and usually followed by Stan and Kyle respectively yelling "Oh my God! They killed Kenny!" and "You bastard(s)!". In the episode "Kenny Dies", Kenny dies after developing a terminal muscular disease, while Parker and Stone claimed that Kenny would not be returning in subsequent episodes and insisted they grew tired of having Kenny die in each episode. For most of season six, his place is taken by Butters Stotch and Tweek Tweak. Nevertheless, Kenny returned from the year-long absence in the season six finale "Red Sleigh Down", and has remained a starring character since, although he only appears once in 1 episode season 20. His character no longer dies each week, and has only been killed occasionally in episodes following his return. Kenny's superhero alter ego, Mysterion, first appeared in the season 13 episode "The Coon".
Leopold "Butters" Stotch is cheerful, naive, optimistic, sweet-natured, gullible and more passive relative to the show's other child characters, and can become increasingly anxious, especially when faced with the likelihood of his parents' punishments, which is usually being grounded, usually for no good reason, such as when Butters threatened to "kill" himself as part of a scheme by Stan, Kyle, Kenny and Cartman, and his parents said they would "only" ground him for two weeks if he came down. Butters usually doesn't indulge in foul-mouthed language like the other children and speaks with a mild stutter and tends to fidget with his hands.The other characters perceive him as "nerdy" and he obliviously maintains a very wholesome attitude and mild disposition despite the tragedy and abuse that he frequently encounters from both his classmates and parents. His happy-go-lucky persona has been described as resembling that of a typical 1950s sitcom child character and is usually presented in stark contrast to the harsh treatment he receives at the hands of his friends and strict parents, Butters appeared initially as a background character in first the episode, "Cartman Gets an Anal Probe", but gradually became one of Parker and Stone's favorite characters. Besides wanting to genuinely surprise fans, Parker and Stone killed Kenny at the end of season five to allow an opportunity to provide a major role for Butters, as his following episode, revolves entirely around him. Stan, Kyle, and Cartman allow him into their group as the "fourth friend", but eventually gets ousted and vengefully adopts his super-villain alter ego of Professor Chaos, whom, in spite of his name, only seems to be able to screw things up that either nobody takes notice of, or can be easily resolved. Despite this, Butters has continued to be a major character in recent seasons and continues to be a frequent source of help to Cartman, while also being the main victim of Cartman's constant pranking and manipulation.
Wendy Testaburger is the show's most prominent female student. Her best friend is Bebe Stevens, she is the on-and-off girlfriend of Stan. Wendy has previously been voiced by Karri Turner (in the unaired pilot), Mary Kay Bergman, Mona Marshall, Eliza Schneider, and is currently voiced by April Stewart. Fellow co-creator Matt Stone has also cited the name of Wendy Westerberg, the wife of an old friend from his childhood. She wears a pink beret and a purple coat. She has long black hair with uneven bangs. Wendy made her first appearance unnamed, but clearly recognizable, in "The Spirit of Christmas".
Like her boyfriend Stan, Wendy is mature for her age, critical of popular trends, moral and intellectual, as well as being a feminist, as noted in many of her appearances. She campaigns in several episodes on causes such as breast cancer and the suffering of Bottlenose dolphins, often arguing with Eric Cartman who calls her a "bitch" or "ho" in response. Although the two generally only argue, he pushes her to the limit in the Season 12 (2008) episode "Breast Cancer Show Ever" wherein the two engage in a fight on the playground, in which Wendy badly beats up Cartman.
Wendy is known to be protective of her relationship with Stan. In the Season 1 (1997) episode "Tom's Rhinoplasty" when Stan, along with the other boys, falls in love with an attractive substitute teacher, with Wendy accusing her of stealing Stan from her, eventually formulating a complex plan to get her thrown into the sun. She also sometimes displays jealousy – in the Season 6 (2002) episode "Bebe's Boobs Destroy Society", her best friend, Bebe Stevens, receives more attention than she does because of Bebe's developing breasts. Wendy then gets breast implants, but the boys end up ridiculing her after only just realizing the control Bebe's breasts had on them. This behavior is somewhat contradicted by episodes such as "Stupid Spoiled Whore Video Playset" and "Dances with Smurfs" where she is more concerned with principles than trends and attention.
Wendy is very prominent in the show's earlier seasons, usually quarreling with Eric Cartman or reinforcing her relationship with Stan. She speaks in several episodes (especially in the first season) and is often chosen to help the boys out over her classmates. Wendy and Stan's relationship received less focus over the course of the Season 5 (2001), and she has only one minor role in Season 6 (2002). This culminates in her breakup with Stan and pairing with Token Black in "Raisins", after which she makes only scattered prominent appearances until the end of the eleventh season, where she gets back together with Stan in "The List". They subsequently pair up as partners on a field trip in "Super Fun Time", she beats Cartman in a fight in "Breast Cancer Show Ever" and in the episode "Elementary School Musical" Stan suspects that she may leave him for a popular boy called Bridon. Wendy is able to kiss Stan on the cheek in "Elementary School Musical" without his previous nauseated reaction.
Wendy was voted student council president, something first noted in "Bebe's Boobs Destroy Society" and re-addressed seven seasons later in "Dances with Smurfs", when Cartman becomes the morning announcer and starts spreading defaming comments about her—most notably her supposed genocide of the Smurfs. In response to the allegations, Wendy becomes a guest on Cartman's morning show and manipulates his own story of the Smurf holocaust before announcing her resignation and electing him as the new school council president, effectively relieving him of his morning announcement job. Throughout the episode, Stan solidly defends her.
|Character||Voiced by||Role||First appearance|
|Tweek Tweak||Matt Stone||The boys' hyperactive and paranoid classmate due to an excessive intake of coffee, although his parents believe it to be because of ADD. He temporarily replaced Kenny as the fourth member of the "main" group during the time period in which Kenny was considered "permanently dead". He later began pretending to be in a relationship with classmate Craig Tucker in the episode "Tweek x Craig", which seems to have become genuine.||"Gnomes"|
|Bebe Stevens||Jennifer Howell||The boys' blonde, female classmate and Wendy's best friend.||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|Bradley Biggle||Matt Stone||One of the boys' classmates, who appears as a background character in most episodes until "Coon 2: Hindsight"||"Rainforest Shmainforest"|
|Clyde Donovan||Trey Parker||One of the boys' classmates and considered himself as the cutest of the class. Accidentally caused the death of his mother by leaving the toilet seat up.||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|Craig Tucker||Matt Stone||One of the boys' classmates who used to antagonize them. Frequently gave the middle finger to authority figures then denies doing so in early seasons. He later began pretending to be in a relationship with classmate Tweek Tweak in the episode "Tweek x Craig", which seems to have become genuine.||"Mr. Hankey, the Christmas Poo"|
|Dougie||Trey Parker||A first-grader who assumes the role of General Disarray, sidekick to Butters' super villain alter-ego Professor Chaos||"Two Guys Naked in a Hot Tub"|
|Heidi Turner||Jessica Makinson||One of the boys' female classmates, who later became Cartman's girlfriend.||"Rainforest Shmainforest"|
|Jimmy Valmer||Trey Parker||One of the boys' two handicapped classmates and an amateur standup comedian. He stutters a lot when he talks due to his disability.||"Cripple Fight"|
|Timmy Burch||Trey Parker||One of the boys' two handicapped classmates, whose vocabulary is mostly limited to the enthusiastic shouting of his own name||"The Tooth Fairy Tats 2000"|
|Token Black||Adrien Beard||The boys' wealthiest classmate and was the only black child in the town until the introduction of Nichole in the season 16 episode "Cartman Finds Love".||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|Randy Marsh||Trey Parker||Stan's idiotic father, who worked as a geologist. He gets involved in stupid things such as becoming a celebrity chef and getting into baseball fights.||"Volcano"|
|Sharon Marsh||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider, Mona Marshall, April Stewart||Randy's wife and Stan's mother.||"An Elephant Makes Love to a Pig"|
|Shelly Marsh||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider, April Stewart||Stan's violent, snobbish, ill-tempered and mischievous older sister||"An Elephant Makes Love to a Pig"|
|Grandpa Marvin Marsh||Trey Parker||Randy's father and Stan's grandfather, who attempts to kill himself or have others do so in several episodes||"Death"|
|Jimbo Kern||Matt Stone||Randy Marsh's half brother and Stan's uncle, who is portrayed as a hunter, TV show host, and gun store owner||"Weight Gain 4000"|
|Gerald Broflovski||Matt Stone||Kyle's father, who works as a lawyer.||"Starvin' Marvin"|
|Sheila Broflovski||Mary Kay Bergman, Mona Marshall||Kyle's mother, who is overbearing and usually overreacts to anything slightly offensive.||"Death"|
|Ike Broflovski||various children of South Park employees||Kyle's younger brother, the Canadian-born adopted son of Gerald and Sheila||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|Liane Cartman||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider, April Stewart||Cartman's overly indulgent mother, who spoils her son.||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|Stuart McCormick||Matt Stone||Kenny's alcoholic and violent father||"Death"|
|Carol McCormick||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider, April Stewart||Kenny's alcoholic and violent mother||"Starvin' Marvin"|
|Karen McCormick||Celeste Javier, Colleen Villard||Kenny's shy and reclusive younger sister, who looks to Kenny for protection and comfort when she is upset||"Best Friends Forever"|
|Kevin McCormick||Trey Parker||Kenny's alcoholic older brother||"An Elephant Makes Love to a Pig"|
|Stephen Stotch||Trey Parker||Butters' strict father (bisexual, as explored in "Butters' Very Own Episode")||"Chickenlover"|
|Linda Stotch||Mona Marshall||Butters' mother||"The Wacky Molestation Adventure"|
|Character||Voiced by||Role||First appearance|
|Mr. Garrison||Trey Parker||The boys' former teacher who had a sex change operation during season nine, before changing it back during season twelve; now the President of the United States of America||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|Mr. Mackey||Trey Parker||The school's counselor; known for frequently saying "M'Kay"||"Mr. Hankey, the Christmas Poo"|
|Mr. Slave||John Hansen||Mr. Garrison's lover and classroom assistant, who later married Big Gay Al||"The Death Camp of Tolerance"|
|PC Principal||Trey Parker||The current principal of the school, who replaced Principal Victoria after she was fired in season nineteen; also an Alumni member of the PC Delta fraternity and an alumnus of Texas A&M University||"Stunning and Brave"|
|Officer Barbrady||Trey Parker||The town's highly untrained and undereducated police officer||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"|
|David Rodriguez||Matt Stone||Boys friend who was shot by Officer Barbrady that first speaks in You're not Yelping||"The City Part of Town"|
|Big Gay Al||Matt Stone||Ex-scout leader who used to own a sanctuary for gay animals, portrayed as the show's stereotypical gay character||"Big Gay Al's Big Gay Boat Ride"|
|Ned Gerblansky||Trey Parker||Jimbo Kern's best friend who speaks through a voicebox||"Volcano"|
|God||Trey Parker||God, portrayed as a strange, cat-like animal||"Are You There God? It's Me, Jesus"|
|Jesus||Matt Stone||Jesus, who lives in an ordinary house and hosts a talk show on the local TV station, and is the leader of the Super Best Friends||The Spirit of Christmas: Jesus vs. Frosty|
|Mr. Hankey||Trey Parker||A talking feces||"Mr. Hankey, the Christmas Poo"|
|Tuong Lu Kim||Trey Parker||City Wok owner. Was later discovered to be one of many personalities of William Janus, a therapist with Multiple Personality Disorder.||"Jared Has Aides"|
|Father Maxi||Matt Stone||Catholic priest||"Mr. Hankey, the Christmas Poo"|
|Mayor McDaniels||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider,||The Mayor of South Park||"Weight Gain 4000"|
|Dr. Alphonse Mephesto||Trey Parker||Local mad scientist and Marlon Brando lookalike||"An Elephant Makes Love to a Pig"|
|Moses||Trey Parker||A character based on Moses, a gigantic dreidel who looks and talks like MCP from Tron||"Jewbilee"|
|Santa||Trey Parker||A character based on Santa Claus||The Spirit of Christmas: Jesus vs. Frosty|
|Satan||Trey Parker||A character based on the Christian concept of Satan, portrayed with the outline of a massive phallus upon his abdomen and chest.||"Damien"|
|Starvin' Marvin||Trey Parker||An Ethiopian boy||"Starvin' Marvin"|
|Terrance and Phillip||Matt Stone (Terrance) and Trey Parker (Phillip)||A Canadian television comedy duo later married to the Queef sisters||"Death"|
|Towelie||Vernon Chatman||A talking stoner towel (currently sober), father of Washcloth||"Towelie"|
|Sergeant Harrison Yates||Trey Parker||A police detective, married to Maggie with an unnamed son||"Christian Rock Hard"|
|Lemmiwinks||School gerbil||"The Death Camp of Tolerance"|
|Scott Malkinson||Matt Stone||A classmate of the boys who is known to have a lisp and diabetes.||"The Jeffersons"|
A few characters have had a major recurring role in the past episodes in the show before their deaths.
|Character||Voiced by||Role||First appearance||Last appearance|
|Pip Pirrup||Matt Stone||The boys' unpopular, stereotypically British classmate, based on the main character in Dickens' Great Expectations. Killed off in "201" by Mecha-Streisand.||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"||"201"|
|Chef||Isaac Hayes, Peter Serafinowicz (Darth Chef)||The school's chef and good friend of the boys, who was killed at the beginning of the tenth season but was brought back to life as Darth Chef. Despite this, he never appears again after his resurrection.||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"||"The Return of Chef"|
|Ms. Choksondik||Trey Parker||The boys' former teacher who died during the sixth season||"4th Grade"||"The Simpsons Already Did It"|
|Ms. Crabtree||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider||The former school bus driver before her death during the eighth season.||"Cartman Gets an Anal Probe"||"Cartman's Incredible Gift"|
|Saddam Hussein||Matt Stone||A portrayal of Saddam Hussein, who in the show was involved in a homosexual relationship with Satan and built weapons of mass destruction in heaven||"Terrance and Phillip in Not Without My Anus"||"It's Christmas in Canada"|
|Principal Victoria||Mary Kay Bergman, Eliza Schneider, April Stewart||The former principal of the school||"Pinkeye"||"PC Principal Final Justice|
Reception and impact
Kyle, Eric, Stan and Kenny have all appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone magazine.
Cartman is a South Park fan favorite, and is often described as the most famous character from the series. With a headline to their online written version of a radio report, NPR declared Cartman as "America's Favorite Little $@#&*%". "Respect my authoritah!" and "Screw you guys ...I'm going home!" became catchphrases and, during the show's earlier seasons, were highly popular in the lexicon of viewers. His eccentric enunciation of "Hey!" was included in the 2002 edition of The Oxford Dictionary of Catchphrases. Stone has said that when fans recognize him or Parker, the fans will usually do their imitation of Cartman, or, in Parker's case, request that he do Cartman's voice. Both Cartman's commentary and the commentary resulting in response to his actions have been interpreted as statements Parker and Stone are attempting to make to the viewing public, and these opinions have been subject to much critical analysis in the media and literary world.
Cartman ranked 10th on TV Guide's 2002 list of the "Top 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters", 24th on TV Guide’s "25 Greatest TV Villains", 198th on VH1's "200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons", and 19th on Bravo's "100 Greatest TV Characters" television special in 2004. When declaring him the second-scariest character on television (behind only Mr. Burns of The Simpsons) in 2005, MSNBC's Brian Bellmont described Cartman as a "bundle of pure, unadulterated evil all wrapped up in a fat—er, big-boned—cartoony package" who "takes a feral delight in his evildoing".
While Parker and Stone portray Stan and Kyle as having common childlike tendencies, their dialogue is often intended to reflect stances and views on more adult-oriented issues, and have been subject to much critical analysis in the media and literary world and have frequently been cited in publications by experts in the fields of politics, religion, popular culture and philosophy.  Kenny's deaths are well known in popular culture, and was one of the things viewers most commonly associated with South Park during its earlier seasons. The exclamation of "Oh my God! They killed Kenny!" quickly became a popular catchphrase, while both Kenny and the phrase have appeared on some of the more popular pieces of South Park merchandise, including shirts, bumper stickers, calendars and baseball caps, and inspired the rap song "Kenny's Dead" by Master P, which was featured on Chef Aid: The South Park Album. The catchphrase also appears in MAD magazine's satire of TITANIC where Stan, Kyle and Cartman are shown on a lifeboat while they were supposedly escaping from the sinking ship. Kenny's deaths have been subject to much critical analysis in the media and literary world. When Sophie Rutschmann of the University of Strasbourg discovered a mutated gene that causes an adult fruit fly to die within two days after it is infected with certain bacteria, she named the gene "Kenny" in honor of the character.
The characters of the South Park franchise have spawned several merchandise items, varying from toys to apparel items. In 2004, the first action figure collection was released by Mirage Toys containing five series each with four characters. In 2006, Mezco toys released a second collection containing a total of six series, each containing six or four figures. Comedy Central itself has made available a variety of products through its website, including T-shirts, figures, hats, pants, and even shot glasses. A number of fan websites provides an even more extended amount of merchandise, ranging from posters, to magnets, ties and even skateboards, South Park Studios offer through their website the possibility of creating personalized South Park avatars. Similar possibilities have been available on multiple fan sites.
- Eric Griffiths (2007-06-21). "Young offenders". New Statesman. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Jaime J. Weinman (2008-03-12). "South Park grows up". Macleans.ca. Archived from the original on 2009-08-02. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- "Stan Marsh". South Park Studios. Archived from the original on 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- Jeffrey Ressner and James Collins (1998-03-23). "Gross And Grosser". Time. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- Rovner, Julie (2008-04-05). "Eric Cartman: America's Favorite Little $@#&*%". NPR. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- Virginia Heffernan (2004-04-28). "What? Morals in 'South Park'?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 3, 2009. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
- "FAQ: April 2002". southparkstudios.com. 2002-04-23. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "South Park Cast and Crew on". Tv.com. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2003). South Park: The Complete First Season: "Weight Gain 4000" (Audio commentary) (CD). Comedy Central.
- Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2003). South Park: The Complete First Season: "Mr. Hankey, the Christmas Poo" (Audio commentary) (CD). Comedy Central.
- Vognar, Chris (1998-02-01). "Brats entertainment; "South Park" creators potty hardy on Comedy Central show". The Dallas Morning News. Pasadena, California. p. 1C.
- Matt Cheplic (1998-05-01). "'As Crappy As Possible': The Method Behind the Madness of South Park". Penton Media. Archived from the original on 2013-03-19. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- Abbie Bernstein (1998-10-27). "South Park – Volume 2". AVRev.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2009. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
- Bonin, Liane (1999-11-22). "A Voice Silenced". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- "April Stewart – South Patk". Aprilstewart.com. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- "MY BIO :::: Eliza Jane". Elizaschneider.com. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- "FAQ: November 2003". southparkstudios.com. 2003-11-21. Archived from the original on 2009-04-10. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- "FAQ: April 2001". southparkstudios.com. 2001-04-30. Archived from the original on 2009-03-28. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2003). "South Park" – The Complete Fifth Season (DVD). Comedy Central. Mini-commentary for episode "Cartman's Silly Hate Crime 2000"
- "FAQ: April 2002". southparkstudios.com. 2002-04-23. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- "Stan Marsh". South Park Studios. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- Arp and Jacoby, pp. 58–65
- Arp and Johnson, pp. 213-223
- Raphael, Rebecca (May 22, 1998). "Who is Andrew Philip Kyle?". New Voices. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved February 4, 2009.
- Rennie, James and Weinstock, pp. 195-208
- Anthony C. LoBaido (2001-02-01). "'South Park': Satanic or just harmless fun?". WorldNetDaily.com. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Terence Blacker (1999-01-05). "Crude, violent – but quite brilliant". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Wills, Adam (2004-09-10). "Jesus vs. Kyle". The Jewish Journal. Retrieved 2009-05-02.
- Melanie McFarland (2006-10-02). "Social satire keeps 'South Park' fans coming back for a gasp, and a laugh". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Robert Bolton (1998-07-23). "The Media Report: South Park". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on March 11, 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Asadullah, Ali. "Contemporary Cartoon Conjures Racist Past". OnIslam.
- Arp and Miller, pp.177–188
- Jonathan Groce (2003-04-18). "Entertainment and wartime make strange bedfellows". The Johns Hopkins News-Letter. Retrieved 2009-05-09.[permanent dead link]
- Dennis Lim (1998-03-29). "Television: Lowbrow and proud of it". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Jesse McKinley (2003-04-10). "Norman Lear Discovers Soul Mates in 'South Park'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Andrew Sullivan (2007-04-13). "South Park and Imus". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- ""Tonsil Trouble" Review". IGN. Retrieved Oct 12, 2009.
- Sylvia Rubin (1998-01-26). "TV 's Foul-Mouthed Funnies". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Brian C. Anderson (2003). "We're Not Losing the Culture Wars Anymore". Manhattan Institute. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "An interview with Matt Stone". South Park Studios. Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- Wyatt Mason (2006-09-17). "My Satirical Self". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Devin Leonard (2006-10-27). "'South Park' creators haven't lost their edge". CNN. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Don Kaplan (2002-04-08). "South Park Won't Kill Kenny Anymore". New York Post. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- "South Park's Kenny R.I.P." Buzzle.com. 2002-04-09. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Jaime J. Weinman (2008-03-12). "South Park grows up". Macleans.ca. Archived from the original on 2009-07-19. Retrieved 2009-04-30.
- Page 2 Staff (March 13, 2002). "Matt Stone". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Alyson Brodsy and Mark Perlman-Price (2005-10-20). "A season without Kenny". Indiana Daily Student. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- Semigram, Aly. "'South Park' tries to go for laughs with the Penn State scandal". Entertainment Weekly. November 17, 2011
- Fickett, Travis (March 19, 2009). "South Park: "The Coon" Review". IGN. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- Ramsey Isler (November 4, 2010). "South Park: "Mysterion Rises" Review. Mysterion is not so mysterious anymore". IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved November 8, 2010.
- Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2003). South Park: The Complete First Season: "Weight Gain 4000" (Audio commentary) (CD). Comedy Central.
- "FAQ: April 2001". southparkstudios.com. 2001-04-18. Archived from the original on 2009-03-28. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Parker, Trey; Stone, Matt (2009). The South Park Episode Guide Seasons 1-5: The Official Companion to the Outrageous Plots, Shocking Language, Skewed Celebrities, and Awesome Animation, Volume 1. Seal Press. ISBN 0762435615.
- "FAQ: April 2001". southparkstudios.com. 2001-04-30. Archived from the original on 2009-03-28. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- "South Park – Premiere.com". Premiere.com. 1997-08-13. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- "Mary Kay Bergman – Voice Actor Profile at Voice Chasers". Voicechasers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- "Eliza Schneider – Voice Actor Profile at Voice Chasers". Voicechasers.com. 1978-02-03. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- "Interview: Matt Stone (2005-11-15)". southparkstudios.com. 2005-11-15. Archived from the original on 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- "FAQ: April 2001". southparkstudios.com. 2001-04-19. Archived from the original on 2009-03-28. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- "Mona Marshall Biography". Filmreference.com. 2002-07-26. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- "Trey Parker – Voice Actor Profile at Voice Chasers". Voicechasers.com. 1969-10-19. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- "FAQ: December 2001". southparkstudios.com. 2001-12-05. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- Sam Stall, James Siciliano, Trey Parker, Matt Stone (2010). The South Park Episode Guide: Seasons 6-10, Volume 2. Running Press Book Publishers. ISBN 9780762438235.
- "FAQ: February 2008". southparkstudios.com. 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- "FAQ: June 2001". southparkstudios.com. 2001-06-28. Archived from the original on 2009-04-10. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- Philby, Charlotte (2008-08-30). "My Secret Life: Peter Serafinowicz, Actor and comedian, age 36". The Independent. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- "The Babes of South Park". Wackyvoices.com. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
- Jeremy Thomas (2008-10-20). "South Park: The Cult of Cartman – Revelations DVD Review". 411mania.com. Retrieved 2009-05-11.
- Hemant Tavathia (2003-04-11). "MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT 2: South Park Hits 100". Kidsnewsroom.org. Archived from the original on February 8, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-11.
- DeCeglie, Anthony; Blake, Sarah (2007-09-14). "TV comedy sends WA students 'Jonah'". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Diaz, Glenn L. (2009-01-22). "Old and New 'South Park'". BuddyTV. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- David Dale (2002-12-28). "The Oxford Dictionary of Catchphrases". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Fallows and Weinstock, p. 165
- Thomas H. Maugh II (2006-04-14). "South Park duo criticise network". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "TV Guide's 50 greatest cartoon characters of all time". CNN. 2002-07-30. Archived from the original on 2005-04-04. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia of the Late 20th. Kansas City, Missouri: Andrews McMeel Publishing, LLC. ISBN 0-7407-5118-2. OCLC 57316726.
- "The 100 Greatest TV Characters". Bravo. Archived from the original on 2009-05-07. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- Brian Bellmont (2005-11-01). "TV's top 10 scariest characters". MSNBC. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Douglas E. Cowan (Summer 2005). "South Park, Ridicule, and the Cultural Construction of Religious Rivalry". Journal of Religion and Popular Culture. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Todd Leopold (2006-08-24). "Welcome to the Emmy 'mess'". CNN. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Frank Rich (2005-05-01). "Conservatives ♥ 'South Park'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- Vanessa E. Jones (2008-01-29). "No offense, but ..." The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- South Park and Philosophy: You Know, I Learned Something Today Archived 2007-09-01 at the Wayback Machine., Blackwell Publishing, Series: The Blackwell Philosophy and Pop Culture Series, Retrieved 2008-01-21
- Hanley, Richard (Editor) (2007-03-08). South Park and Philosophy: Bigger, Longer, and More Penetrating. Open Court. ISBN 0-8126-9613-1.
- Johnson-Woods, Toni (2007-01-30). Blame Canada! South Park and Contemporary Culture. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1731-2.
- "Word, Charged Find a Savior". Wired.com. 1998-04-27. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
- Staff (2007-02-05). "Philosophy Speaker Presents "Killing Kenny: Our Daily Dose of Death"". GMC Journal. Green Mountain College. Archived from the original on 2008-02-19. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- Marchetto, Sean (2007-12-06). "Just killing Kenny or ontological boredom?". Fast Forward Weekly. Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2009-03-05.
- Arp, Robert (Editor); Fry, Karin (2006-12-01). South Park and Philosophy: You Know, I Learned Something Today. Blackwell Publishing (The Blackwell Philosophy & Pop Culture Series). pp. 77–86. ISBN 978-1-4051-6160-2.
- Thomas H. Maugh II (2002-08-05). "Playing the Name Game". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- South Park Archived 2010-01-03 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Mezco Toyz | Movie, Television and Proprietary Action Figures & Collectibles". Mezco.net. Archived from the original on January 26, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-30.
- "South Park: DVDs, T-Shirts & Merchandise – Comedy Central Store". Shop.comedycentral.com. Retrieved 2010-01-30.
- "South Park Studios Netherlands". Southparkstudios.com. Retrieved 2010-01-30.
- Midevil917. "South Park Char Creator 3". Newgrounds.com. Retrieved 2010-01-30.