List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes

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Leucadendron argenteum

This is a list of Southern African trees, shrubs, suffrutices, geoxyles and lianas, and is intended to cover Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. [1]

The notion of 'indigenous' is of necessity a blurred concept, and is clearly a function of both time and political boundaries. The global distribution of plants useful to humans, or inadvertently transported by them, is closely linked to a mapping of their journeys and settlements, and the movement of species in prehistoric times must be inferred from archaeological and palaeontological remains, centers of diversity, DNA and other sources.

Contents

Cyatheaceae[edit]

Blechnaceae[edit]

Cycadaceae[edit]

Zamiaceae[edit]

Encephalartos woodii

Podocarpaceae[edit]

Podocarpus latifolius

Cupressaceae[edit]

Welwitschiaceae[edit]

Poaceae[edit]

Pandanaceae[edit]

Arecaceae[edit]

Araceae[edit]

Flagellariaceae[edit]

Asphodelaceae[edit]

Aloidendron dichotomum
Aloidendron pillansii

Asparagaceae[edit]

Dracaena aletriformis

Philesiaceae[edit]

Smilacaceae[edit]

Velloziaceae[edit]

Xerophyta retinervis

Musaceae[edit]

Piperaceae[edit]

Salicaceae[edit]

Myricaceae[edit]

Cannabaceae[edit]

Moraceae[edit]

Ficus thonningii

Urticaceae[edit]

Proteaceae[edit]

Brabejum stellatifolium

Santalaceae[edit]

Colpoon compressum

Opiliaceae[edit]

Olacaceae[edit]

Polygonaceae[edit]

Aristolochiaceae[edit]

Chenopodiaceae[edit]

Amaranthaceae[edit]

Nyctaginaceae[edit]

Phytolaccaceae[edit]

Aizoaceae[edit]

Portulacaceae[edit]

Ranunculaceae[edit]

Menispermaceae[edit]

Annonaceae[edit]

Annona senegalensis

Myristicaceae[edit]

Trimeniaceae (Monimiaceae)[edit]

Lauraceae[edit]

Ocotea bullata

Hernandiaceae[edit]

Capparaceae[edit]

Boscia albitrunca

Moringaceae[edit]

Crassulaceae[edit]

Montiniaceae[edit]

Iteaceae[edit]

Pittosporaceae[edit]

Cunoniaceae[edit]

Cunonia capensis

Myrothamnaceae[edit]

Bruniaceae[edit]

Hamamelidaceae[edit]

Rosaceae[edit]

Chrysobalanaceae[edit]

Connaraceae[edit]

Mimosaceae[edit]

Albizia adianthifolia
Acacia karroo
Acacia nigrescens
Acacia xanthophloea

Caesalpiniaceae[edit]

Senna petersiana

Fabaceae[edit]

Bolusanthus speciosus

Geraniaceae[edit]

Linaceae[edit]

Ixonanthaceae[edit]

Erythroxylaceae[edit]

Zygophyllaceae[edit]

Balanitaceae[edit]

Rutaceae[edit]

Agathosma betulina
Zanthoxylum davyi

Irvingiaceae[edit]

Simaroubaceae[edit]

Burseraceae[edit]

Commiphora harveyi

Meliaceae[edit]

Malpighiaceae[edit]

Polygalaceae[edit]

Dichapetalaceae[edit]

Phyllanthaceae[edit]

Putranjivaceae[edit]


Picrodendraceae[edit]

Euphorbiaceae[edit]

Euphorbia cooperi
Euphorbia damarana

Buxaceae[edit]

Anacardiaceae[edit]

Protorhus longifolia
Rhus pendulina

Aquifoliaceae[edit]

Celastraceae[edit]

Maytenus procumbens
Pterocelastrus tricuspidatus
Cassine burkeana

Icacinaceae[edit]

Cassinopsis ilicifolia

Sapindaceae[edit]

Melianthaceae[edit]

Greyiaceae[edit]

Rhamnaceae[edit]

Vitaceae[edit]

Tiliaceae[edit]

Malvaceae[edit]

Sterculia murex

Ochnaceae[edit]

Hypericaceae[edit]

Hypericum revolutum

Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)[edit]

Dipterocarpaceae[edit]

Tamaricaceae[edit]

Canellaceae[edit]

Violaceae[edit]

Achariaceae[edit]

Aphloiaceae[edit]

Gerrardinaceae[edit]

Passifloraceae[edit]

Penaeaceae[edit]

Thymelaeaceae[edit]

Lythraceae[edit]

Lecythidaceae[edit]

Rhizophoraceae[edit]

Combretaceae[edit]

Combretum bracteosum
Combretum imberbe
Terminalia phanerophlebia

Myrtaceae[edit]

Melastomataceae[edit]

Araliaceae[edit]

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)[edit]

Curtisiaceae[edit]

Cornaceae[edit]

Ericaceae[edit]

Erica canaliculata

Myrsinaceae[edit]

Maesa lanceolata

Sapotaceae[edit]

Ebenaceae[edit]

Diospyros whyteana

Oleaceae[edit]

Salvadoraceae[edit]

Loganiaceae[edit]

Gentianaceae[edit]

Stilbaceae[edit]

Apocynaceae[edit]

Acokanthera oppositifolia
Strophanthus speciosus

Convolvulaceae[edit]

Boraginaceae[edit]

Verbenaceae[edit]

Lamiaceae[edit]

Solanaceae[edit]

Scrophulariaceae[edit]

Buddleja dysophylla

Bignoniaceae[edit]

Pedaliaceae[edit]

Acanthaceae[edit]

Mackaya bella

Rubiaceae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae[edit]

Asteraceae[edit]

Blechnaceae[edit]

Cycadaceae[edit]

Zamiaceae[edit]

Encephalartos woodii

Podocarpaceae[edit]

Podocarpus latifolius

Cupressaceae[edit]

Welwitschiaceae[edit]

Poaceae[edit]

Pandanaceae[edit]

Arecaceae[edit]

Araceae[edit]

Flagellariaceae[edit]

Asphodelaceae[edit]

Aloidendron dichotomum
Aloidendron pillansii

Asparagaceae[edit]

Dracaena aletriformis

Philesiaceae[edit]

Smilacaceae[edit]

Velloziaceae[edit]

Xerophyta retinervis

Musaceae[edit]

Piperaceae[edit]

Salicaceae[edit]

Myricaceae[edit]

Cannabaceae[edit]

Moraceae[edit]

Ficus thonningii

Urticaceae[edit]

Proteaceae[edit]

Brabejum stellatifolium

Santalaceae[edit]

Colpoon compressum

Opiliaceae[edit]

Olacaceae[edit]

Polygonaceae[edit]

Aristolochiaceae[edit]

Chenopodiaceae[edit]

Amaranthaceae[edit]

Nyctaginaceae[edit]

Phytolaccaceae[edit]

Aizoaceae[edit]

Portulacaceae[edit]

Ranunculaceae[edit]

Menispermaceae[edit]

Annonaceae[edit]

Annona senegalensis

Myristicaceae[edit]

Trimeniaceae (Monimiaceae)[edit]

Lauraceae[edit]

Ocotea bullata

Hernandiaceae[edit]

Capparaceae[edit]

Boscia albitrunca

Moringaceae[edit]

Crassulaceae[edit]

Montiniaceae[edit]

Iteaceae[edit]

Pittosporaceae[edit]

Cunoniaceae[edit]

Cunonia capensis

Myrothamnaceae[edit]

Bruniaceae[edit]

Hamamelidaceae[edit]

Rosaceae[edit]

Chrysobalanaceae[edit]

Connaraceae[edit]

Mimosaceae[edit]

Albizia adianthifolia
Acacia karroo
Acacia nigrescens
Acacia xanthophloea

Caesalpiniaceae[edit]

Senna petersiana

Fabaceae[edit]

Bolusanthus speciosus

Geraniaceae[edit]

Linaceae[edit]

Ixonanthaceae[edit]

Erythroxylaceae[edit]

Zygophyllaceae[edit]

Balanitaceae[edit]

Rutaceae[edit]

Agathosma betulina
Zanthoxylum davyi

Irvingiaceae[edit]

Simaroubaceae[edit]

Burseraceae[edit]

Commiphora harveyi

Meliaceae[edit]

Malpighiaceae[edit]

Polygalaceae[edit]

Dichapetalaceae[edit]

Phyllanthaceae[edit]

Putranjivaceae[edit]


Picrodendraceae[edit]

Euphorbiaceae[edit]

Euphorbia cooperi
Euphorbia damarana

Buxaceae[edit]

Anacardiaceae[edit]

Protorhus longifolia
Rhus pendulina

Aquifoliaceae[edit]

Celastraceae[edit]

Maytenus procumbens
Pterocelastrus tricuspidatus
Cassine burkeana

Icacinaceae[edit]

Cassinopsis ilicifolia

Sapindaceae[edit]

Melianthaceae[edit]

Greyiaceae[edit]

Rhamnaceae[edit]

Vitaceae[edit]

Tiliaceae[edit]

Malvaceae[edit]

Sterculia murex

Ochnaceae[edit]

Hypericaceae[edit]

Hypericum revolutum

Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)[edit]

Dipterocarpaceae[edit]

Tamaricaceae[edit]

Canellaceae[edit]

Violaceae[edit]

Achariaceae[edit]

Aphloiaceae[edit]

Gerrardinaceae[edit]

Passifloraceae[edit]

Penaeaceae[edit]

Thymelaeaceae[edit]

Lythraceae[edit]

Lecythidaceae[edit]

Rhizophoraceae[edit]

Combretaceae[edit]

Combretum bracteosum
Combretum imberbe
Terminalia phanerophlebia

Myrtaceae[edit]

Melastomataceae[edit]

Araliaceae[edit]

Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)[edit]

Curtisiaceae[edit]

Cornaceae[edit]

Ericaceae[edit]

Erica canaliculata

Myrsinaceae[edit]

Maesa lanceolata

Sapotaceae[edit]

Ebenaceae[edit]

Diospyros whyteana

Oleaceae[edit]

Salvadoraceae[edit]

Loganiaceae[edit]

Gentianaceae[edit]

Stilbaceae[edit]

Apocynaceae[edit]

Acokanthera oppositifolia
Strophanthus speciosus

Convolvulaceae[edit]

Boraginaceae[edit]

Verbenaceae[edit]

Lamiaceae[edit]

Solanaceae[edit]

Scrophulariaceae[edit]

Buddleja dysophylla

Bignoniaceae[edit]

Pedaliaceae[edit]

Acanthaceae[edit]

Mackaya bella

Rubiaceae[edit]

Cucurbitaceae[edit]

Asteraceae[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Common trees of southern Africa WildlifeSafari.info
  2. ^ "Celtis africana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  3. ^ "Celtis africana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  • The Plant List (Kew)
  • Tree Atlas of Namibia
  • A Preliminary List of Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Transvaal and Swaziland - J. M. Anderson, P. A. Venter (1977)
  • Trees of Southern Africa - Keith Coates Palgrave (1977)
  • Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa - van Wyk & van Wyk (1997)
  • Trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei - Elsa Pooley (1993)
  • Trees and Shrubs of the Witwatersrand - Tree Society (1964)
  • Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia - F. White (OUP, 1962)