List of Spanish Nobel laureates

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Since 1904, eight Spaniards have been awarded the Nobel Prize.[1] The last winner, Mario Vargas Llosa, is a Peruvian-Spanish dual national.


Year Winner Field Contribution
1904 José Echegaray Literature "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"
1906 Santiago Ramón y Cajal Medicine "in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system"
1922 Jacinto Benavente Literature "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"
1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez Literature "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"
1959 Severo Ochoa Medicine "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid"
1977 Vicente Aleixandre Literature "for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"
1989 Camilo José Cela Literature "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa Literature "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat"