List of St. Louis Cardinals no-hitters
The St. Louis Cardinals are a Major League Baseball franchise based in St. Louis Missouri. They play in the National League Central division. Also known in their early years as the "St. Louis Brown Stockings" (1882), "St. Louis Browns" (1883–98), and "St. Louis Perfectos" (1899), pitchers for the Cardinals have thrown 10 no-hitters in franchise history. A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings", though one or more batters "may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. A no-hitter is rare enough that one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[a] A perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, has yet to be thrown in Cardinals history. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."
Ted Breitenstein threw the first no-hitter in Cardinals franchise history on his first major league start on October 4, 1891 when the team was known as the "St. Louis Browns"; the most recent no-hitter was thrown by Bud Smith on September 3, 2001.
Two left-handed pitchers have thrown no-hitters in franchise history, while seven were by right-handers. Four no-hitters were thrown at home and six on the road, whilst all ten have been pitched against different opponents. The Cardinals have thrown one no-hitter in April, one in June, one in July, two in August, four in September, and one in October. The longest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Breitenstein and Jesse Haines, encompassing 32 years, 9 months, and 13 days from October 4, 1891 till August 17, 1924. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Jiménez and Smith, encompassing merely 2 years, 2 months, and 9 days from June 25, 1999 till September 3, 2001.
In none of their ten no-hitters did the Cardinals allow any runs via errors, walks, hit batters or uncaught third strikes. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter was by Ray Washburn (in 1968), who allowed five. Of the ten no-hitters, two have been won by a score of 2–0, 3–0, and 5–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a no-hitter was an 11–0 win by Bob Gibson in 1971. The smallest margin of victory was a 1–0 win by Jiménez in 2001.
The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. Eight different umpires presided over each of the franchise's ten no-hitters.
The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager is to determine the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game. Managers choosing the right pitcher and right defensive lineup at a right game at a right place at a right time would contribute to a no-hitter. Eight different managers have led to the franchise's ten no-hitters.
List of no-hitters in Cardinals history
|¶||Indicates a perfect game|
|£||Pitcher was left-handed|
|*||Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum|
|1||October 4, 1891||Ted Breitenstein£||8–0||3||Louisville Colonels||Jack Boyle||Hank O'Day (1)||Charlie Comiskey||
|2||July 17, 1924||Jesse Haines*||5–0||3||Boston Braves||Mike González||Hank O'Day (2)||Branch Rickey||
|3||September 21, 1934||Paul Dean||3–0||1||@ Brooklyn Dodgers||Bill DeLancey||Bill Klem||Frankie Frisch||
|4||August 30, 1941||Lon Warneke||2–0||2||@ Cincinnati Reds||Walker Cooper||Jocko Conlan||Billy Southworth|||
|5||September 18, 1968||Ray Washburn||2–0||5||@ San Francisco Giants||Johnny Edwards||Bill Jackowski||Red Schoendienst (1)||
|6||August 14, 1971||Bob Gibson*||11–0||4||@ Pittsburgh Pirates||Ted Simmons (1)||Harry Wendelstedt (1)||Red Schoendienst (2)||
|7||April 16, 1978||Bob Forsch (1)||5–0||3||Philadelphia Phillies||Ted Simmons (2)||Lee Weyer||Vern Rapp||
|8||September 26, 1983||Bob Forsch (2)||3–0||2||Montreal Expos||Darrell Porter||Harry Wendelstedt (2)||Whitey Herzog||
|9||June 25, 1999||José Jiménez||1–0||3||@ Arizona Diamondbacks||Alberto Castillo||Bruce Froemming||Tony La Russa (1)||
|10||September 3, 2001||Bud Smith£||4–0||4||@ San Diego Padres||Eli Marrero||Phil Cuzzi||Tony La Russa (2)||
- "St. Louis Cardinals Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "St. Louis Cardinals Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "St. Louis Cardinals on Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- Eisenbath, Mike; Musial, Stan (1999-05-14). Cardinals Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. pp. 141, 315. ISBN 978-1-56639-703-2. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
- "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98–99. ISBN 0-8126-9556-9. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "1891 Browns Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "July 17, 1924 St. Louis Cardinals at Boston Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "September 21, 1934 St. Louis Cardinals at Brooklyn Dodgers Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "August 30, 1941 St. Louis Cardinals at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "September 18, 1968 St. Louis Cardinals at San Francisco Giants Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "August 14, 1971 St. Louis Cardinals at Pittsburgh Pirates Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "April 16, 1978 Philadelphia Phillies at St. Louis Cardinals Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "September 26, 1983 Montreal Expos at St. Louis Cardinals Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "June 25, 1999 St. Louis Cardinals at Arizona Diamondbacks Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "September 3, 2001 St. Louis Cardinals at San Diego Padres Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 24, 2010.