List of Stanley Cup champions

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The Stanley Cup is a trophy awarded annually to the playoff champion club of the National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey league. It was donated by the Governor General of Canada Lord Stanley of Preston in 1892, and is the oldest professional sports trophy in North America.[1] Inscribed the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, the trophy was first awarded to Canada's amateur ice hockey clubs who won the trophy as the result of challenge games and league play. Professional clubs came to dominate the competition in the early years of the twentieth century, and in 1913 the two major professional ice hockey organizations, the National Hockey Association (NHA) (forerunner of the NHL) and the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA), reached a gentlemen's agreement in which their respective champions would face each other in an annual series for the Stanley Cup. After a series of league mergers and folds, it became the de facto championship trophy of the NHL in 1926, though it was nominally still subject to external challenge. After 1947, the Cup became the de jure NHL championship prize.

From 1914 to the end of the 2016 season, the trophy has been won 98 times. Its winners have been 23 teams, 18 of which are active in the NHL; the remainder are defunct. Prior to that, the challenge cup was held by nine different teams. The Montreal Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup 24 times and made the finals an additional ten times. There were two years when the Stanley Cup was not awarded: 1919, because of the Spanish flu epidemic, and 2005, because of the NHL lockout.

Challenge Cup era (1893–1914)[edit]

Two rows of ice hockey players, with the front row seated and most of the back row standing. Some of the players are holding hockey sticks, and various trophies are placed in front of them.
The first Stanley Cup Champions: The Montreal Hockey Club

The origins of the Challenge era come from the method of play of the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada prior to 1893. From 1887 to 1893, the league did not play a round-robin format, but rather challenges between teams of the association that year, with the winner of the series being the 'interim' champion, with the final challenge winner becoming the league champion for the year. The Stanley Cup kept the tradition going, but added league championships as another way that a team could win the trophy. If a team in the same league as the current champion won the league championship, it would then inherit the Cup, without a challenge. The only time this rule was not followed was in 1904, when the Ottawa Senators club withdrew from its league, the CAHL. The trustees ruled that the Cup stayed with Ottawa, instead of the CAHL league champion.

During the challenge cup period, none of the leagues that played for the trophy had a formal playoff system to decide their respective champions; whichever team finished in first place after the regular season won the league title.[2] A playoff would only be played if teams did tie for first-place in their leagues at the end of the regular season. Challenge games were played until 1912 at any time during hockey season by challenges approved and/or ordered by the Stanley Cup trustees. In 1912, Cup trustees declared that it was only to be defended at the end of the champion team's regular season.[3]

In 1908, the Allan Cup was introduced as the trophy for Canada's amateurs, as the Stanley Cup became a symbol of professional hockey supremacy.[4]

This table lists the outcome of all Stanley Cup wins, including successful victories and defenses in challenges, and league championships for the challenge era.

Date Winning team Coach Losing team Playoff format Score Winning goal
March 17, 1893 Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC) Harry Shaw (mgr.) 1893 AHAC champions, no challengers
March 22, 1894 Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC) Harry Shaw (mgr.) Ottawa HC (AHAC) Single-elimination
(1894 AHAC championship playoff)
3–1 Billy Barlow (9:00, third qtr)
March 8, 1895 Montreal Victorias (AHAC)[A] Mike Grant (capt.) 1895 AHAC Champion
March 9, 1895 Montreal Hockey Club (AHAC)[A] Harry Shaw (mgr.) Queen's University (OHA) Single-elimination 5–1
February 14, 1896 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Jack Armytage (capt.) Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Single-elimination 2–0 Jack Armytage (10:00, first half)[5][6]
February 29, 1896 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Jack Armytage (capt.) 1896 MHA champion[7]
December 30, 1896 Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Mike Grant (capt.) Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Single-elimination 6–5 Ernie McLea (28:00, second half)
March 6, 1897 Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Mike Grant (capt.) 1897 AHAC Champion
December 27, 1897 Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Mike Grant (capt.) Ottawa Capitals (CCHA) Single-elimination[B] 15–2
March 5, 1898 Montreal Victorias (AHAC) Frank Richardson-playing 1898 AHAC Champion
February 15–18, 1899 Montreal Victorias (CAHL) Frank Richardson-Playing Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Two-game total goals 5–3 Robert MacDougall (second half)
March 4, 1899 Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Barney Dunphy 1899 CAHL Champion
March 14, 1899 Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Barney Dunphy Queen's University (OHA) Single-elimination 6–2 Harry Trihey
February 12–15, 1900 Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Barney Dunphy Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Harry Trihey (second half)
March 7, 1900 Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Barney Dunphy Halifax Crescents (MaPHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Joe McKenna
March 10, 1900 Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Barney Dunphy 1900 CAHL Champion
January 29–31, 1901 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Dan Bain (capt.) Montreal Shamrocks (CAHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Dan Bain (4:00, OT)
February 19, 1901 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Dan Bain (capt.) Winnipeg HC (MHA) Single-elimination
(1901 MHA championship)
4–3[8]
January 21–23, 1902 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Dan Bain (capt.) Toronto Wellingtons (OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Fred Scanlon (9:00, second half)
March 1902 Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Dan Bain (capt.) 1902 MHA Champion
March 13–17, 1902 Montreal HC (CAHL) Clarence McKerrow Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Jack Marshall (first half)
January 29–31,
February 2–4, 1903
Montreal HC (CAHL) D. Browne Winnipeg Victorias (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1[C] Tom Phillips
March 7–10, 1903 Ottawa HC (CAHL) Alf Smith Montreal Victorias (CAHL) Two-game total goals
(1903 CAHL championship playoff)
9–1 Suddy Gilmour (4:34, first half, second game)
March 12–14, 1903 Ottawa HC (CAHL) Alf Smith Rat Portage Thistles (MNWHA) Two-game total goals 10–4 Frank McGee (8:20, first half)
December 30, 1903, January 1–4, 1904 Ottawa HC (CAHL) Alf Smith-playing Winnipeg Rowing Club (MHA) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGee (11:00, second half)
February 23–25, 1904 Ottawa HC[D] Alf Smith-playing Toronto Marlboros (OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Arthur Moore (9:38, first half)
March 2, 1904 Ottawa HC[D] Alf Smith-playing Montreal Wanderers (FAHL) Two-game total goals [E]
March 9–11, 1904 Ottawa HC[D] Alf Smith-playing Brandon Wheat Cities (MNWHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Frank McGee (18:00, first half)
January 13–16, 1905 Ottawa HC (FAHL) Alf Smith-playing Dawson City Nuggets Best-of-three 2–0 Harry Westwick (12:15, first half)
March 3, 1905 Ottawa HC (FAHL) Alf Smith-playing 1905 FAHL Champion
March 7–9–11, 1905 Ottawa HC (FAHL) Alf Smith-playing Rat Portage Thistles (MHL) Best-of-three 2–1 Frank McGee
February 27–28, 1906 Ottawa HC (ECAHA) Alf Smith-playing Queen's University (OHA) Best-of-three 2–0 Harvey Pulford (10:00, second half)
March 6–8, 1906 Ottawa HC (ECAHA) Alf Smith-playing Smiths Falls HC (FAHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Frank McGee (17:45, first half)
March 14–17, 1906 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford-playing Ottawa HC (ECAHA) Two-game total goals
(1906 ECAHA championship playoff)
12–10 Lester Patrick
December 27–29, 1906 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford-playing New Glasgow Cubs (MaHL) Two-game total goals 17–5
January 21–23, 1907 Kenora Thistles (MPHL) James Link Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Two-game total goals 12–8 Roxy Beaudro
March 16–18, 1907 Kenora Thistles (MPHL) James Link Brandon Wheat Cities (MPHL) Best-of-three
(1907 MPHL championship)
2–0 Fred Whitcroft (19:00, first half)[9]
March 23–25, 1907 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Lester Patrick (capt.) Kenora Thistles (MPHL) Two-game total goals 12–8 Ernest "Moose" Johnson
January 9–13, 1908 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford (capt.) Ottawa Victorias (FAHL) Two-game total goals 22–4 Frank Glass (25:00, first half, first game)[10]
March 7, 1908 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford (capt.) 1908 ECAHA Champions
March 10–12, 1908 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford (capt.) Winnipeg Maple Leafs (MPHL) Two-game total goals 20–8
March 14, 1908 Montreal Wanderers (ECAHA) Cecil Blachford (capt.) Toronto (OPHL) Single-elimination 6–4 Ernest "Moose" Johnson
December 28–30, 1908 Montreal Wanderers (ECHA) Cecil Blachford (capt.) Edmonton Hockey Club (AAHA) Two-game total goals 13–10
March 6, 1909 Ottawa HC (ECHA) Pete Green 1909 ECHA champions
January 5–7, 1910 Ottawa HC (CHA) Pete Green Galt HC (OPHL) Two-game total goals 15–4 Bruce Ridpath (second half)
January 18–20, 1910 Ottawa HC (NHA) Pete Green Edmonton Hockey Club (AAHA) Two-game total goals 21–11 Bruce Stuart (23:45, first half)
March 9, 1910 Montreal Wanderers (NHA) Frank Glass (capt.) 1910 NHA Champion
March 12, 1910 Montreal Wanderers (NHA) Frank Glass (capt.) Berlin Dutchmen (OPHL) Single-elimination 7–3 Harry Hyland (22:00, first half)
March 10, 1911 Ottawa HC (NHA) Pete Green 1911 NHA Champions
March 13, 1911 Ottawa HC (NHA) Pete Green Galt HC (OPHL) Single-elimination 7–4 Marty Walsh (5:00, third)
March 16, 1911 Ottawa HC (NHA) Pete Green Port Arthur Bearcats
(New Ontario Hockey League)
Single-elimination 13–4 Marty Walsh (4:30, second)
March 5, 1912 Quebec Bulldogs (NHA) Charles Nollan 1912 NHA Champions
March 11–13, 1912 Quebec Bulldogs (NHA) Charles Nolan Moncton Victorias (MaPHL) Best-of-three 2–0 Joe Malone (18:00, first)
March 5, 1913 Quebec Bulldogs (NHA) Joe Malone (capt.) 1913 NHA Champions
March 8–10, 1913 Quebec Bulldogs (NHA) Joe Malone (capt.) Sydney Millionaires (MaPHL) Two-game total goals 20–5
March 7–11, 1914 Toronto Hockey Club (NHA) Scotty Davidson (capt.) Montreal Canadiens (NHA) Two-game total goals
(1914 NHA championship playoff)
6–2 Scotty Davidson (2:00, third)
March 14–17–19, 1914 Toronto Hockey Club (NHA) Scotty Davidson (capt.) Victoria Aristocrats (PCHA) Best-of-five 3–0 [F] Harry Cameron (6:00, third)
Notes

^ A. Although the Montreal Victorias won the AHAC title in 1895, the Stanley Cup trustees had already accepted a challenge from the 1894 Cup champion Montreal HC and Queen's University. As a compromise, the trustees decided that if the Montreal HC won the challenge match, the Victorias would become the Stanley Cup champions. The Montreals eventually won the game, 5–1, and their crosstown rivals were awarded the Cup.

^ B. Intended to be a best-of-three series, Ottawa Capitals withdrew their challenge after the first game.

^ C. The January 31 (a Saturday) game was tied 2–2 at midnight and the Mayor of Westmount refused to allow play to continue on the Sunday. The game was played on February 2 (a Monday) and the January 31 game was considered to be void.[11]

^ D. For most of 1904, the Ottawa Senators were not affiliated with any league.

^ E. The Montreal Wanderers were disqualified as the result of a dispute. After game one ended tied at the end of regulation, 5–5, the Wanderers refused to play overtime with the current referee, and then subsequently refused to play the next game of the series in Ottawa.

^ F. During the series, it was revealed that the Victoria club had not filed a formal challenge. A letter arrived from the Stanley Cup trustees on March 17, stating that the trustees would not let the Stanley Cup travel west, as they did not consider Victoria a proper challenger because they had not formally notified the trustees.[12] However, on March 18, Trustee William Foran stated that it was a misunderstanding. PCHA president Frank Patrick had not filed a challenge, because he had expected Emmett Quinn, president of the NHA to make all of the arrangements in his role as hockey commissioner, whereas the trustees thought they were being deliberately ignored. In any case, all arrangements had been ironed out and the Victoria challenge was accepted.[13][14]

Sources
  • Coleman, Charles L. (1964). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc. Sherbrooke, Quebec: Sherbrooke Daily Record Company Limited. 
  • Montreal Gazette
  • Ottawa Citizen
  • Ottawa Journal
  • Winnipeg Tribune

NHA/NHL vs. PCHA/WCHL/WHL champions (1915–1926)[edit]

Several days after the Victoria AristocratsToronto Hockey Club series, Stanley Cup trustee William Foran wrote to NHA president Emmett Quinn that the trustees are "perfectly satisfied to allow the representatives of the three pro leagues (NHA, PCHA, and Maritime) to make all arrangements each season as to the series of matches to be played for the Cup."[15] The Stanley Cup championship finals alternated between the East and the West each year, with games played alternately under NHA or PCHA rules.[16] The Cup trustees agreed to this new arrangement, because after the Allan Cup became the highest prize for amateur hockey teams in Canada, the trustees had become dependent on the top two professional leagues to bolster the prominence of the trophy.[17] After the Portland Rosebuds, an American-based team, joined the PCHA in 1914, the trustees issued a statement that the Cup was no longer for the best team in Canada, but now for the best team in the world.[16] Two years later, the Rosebuds became the first American team to play in the Stanley Cup championship final.[18] In 1917, the Seattle Metropolitans became the first American team to win the Cup.[19] After that season, the NHA was suspended and the National Hockey League (NHL) took its place.[16]

In 1919, the Spanish influenza epidemic forced the Montreal Canadiens and the Seattle Metropolitans to cancel their series tied at 2–2–1, marking the first time the Stanley Cup was not awarded.[20]

The format for the Stanley Cup championship changed in 1922, with the creation of the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL). Now three leagues competed for the Cup and this necessitated a semi-final series between two league champions, with the third having a bye directly to the final.[21] In 1924, the PCHA folded and only the Vancouver and Victoria teams entered the WCHL. With the loss of the PCHA, the championship reverted to a single series.[22] After their win in 1925, the Victoria Cougars became the last team outside the NHL to win the Stanley Cup.[23] For the 1925–26 season the WCHL was renamed the Western Hockey League (WHL). With the Victoria Cougars' loss in 1926, it would be the last time a non-NHL team competed for the Stanley Cup.

Numbers in parentheses in the table indicate the number of times that team has appeared in the Stanley Cup Finals, as well as each respective teams' Stanley Cup Finals record to date.
Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Games Winning goal
1915 Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (1, 1–0) Frank Patrick-playing Ottawa Senators (NHA) (1, 0–1) Frank Shaughnessy (mgr.) 3–0 Barney Stanley (5:30, second)
1916 Montreal Canadiens (NHA) (1, 1–0) Newsy Lalonde-playing Portland Rosebuds (PCHA) (1, 0–1) Edward Savage (mgr.) 3–2 George Prodgers (17:20, third)
1917 Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) (1, 1–0) Pete Muldoon Montreal Canadiens (NHA) (2, 1–1) Newsy Lalonde-playing 3–1 Bernie Morris (7:55, first)
1918 Toronto Arenas[24] (NHL) (1, 1–0) Dick Carroll Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (2, 1–1) Frank Patrick-playing 3–2 Corb Denneny (10:30, third)
1919 Montreal Canadiens (NHL) vs. Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) – Series cancelled after the fifth game because of the flu epidemic – Stanley Cup not awarded
1920 Ottawa Senators (NHL) (2, 1–1) Pete Green Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) (3, 1–1) Pete Muldoon 3–2 Jack Darragh (5:00, third)
1921 Ottawa Senators (NHL) (3, 2–1) Pete Green Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (3, 1–2) Frank Patrick-playing 3–2 Jack Darragh (9:40, second)
1922 Toronto St. Pats (NHL) (2, 2–0) George O'Donoghue Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) (4, 1–3) Frank Patrick-playing 3–2 Babe Dye (4:20, first)
1923 Ottawa Senators (NHL) (4, 3–1) Pete Green Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL) (1, 0–1) Ken McKenzine 2–0 Punch Broadbent (11:23, first)
1924 Montreal Canadiens (NHL) (4, 2–1) Léo Dandurand Calgary Tigers (WCHL) (1, 0–1) Eddie Oatman-playing 2–0 Howie Morenz (4:55, first)
1925 Victoria Cougars (WCHL) (1, 1–0) Lester Patrick Montreal Canadiens (NHL) (5, 2–2) Léo Dandurand 3–1 Gizzy Hart (2:35, second)
1926 Montreal Maroons (NHL) (1, 1–0) Eddie Gerard Victoria Cougars (WHL) (2, 1–1) Lester Patrick 3–1 Nels Stewart (2:50, second)

NHL champions (since 1927)[edit]

The WHL folded in 1926, and its assets were bought by the NHL. This left the NHL as the only league left competing for the Cup. Other leagues and clubs have issued challenges, but from that year forward, no non-NHL team has played for it, leading it to become the de facto championship trophy of the NHL.[22] In 1947, the NHL reached an agreement with trustees P. D. Ross and Cooper Smeaton to grant control of the cup to the NHL, allowing the league itself to reject challenges from other leagues that may have wished to play for the Cup.[25][26] A 2006 Ontario Superior Court case found that the trustees had gone against Lord Stanley's conditions in the 1947 agreement.[27] The NHL has agreed to allow other teams to play for the Cup should the league not be operating, as was the case in the 2004–05 NHL lockout.[26]

Since 1927, the league's playoff format, deciding which teams advanced to the Stanley Cup Finals, has changed multiple times. In some systems that were previously used, playoff teams were seeded regardless of division or conference. Since 1982, the Finals have been played between the league's conference playoff champions.

Numbers in parentheses in the table indicate the number of times that team has appeared in the Stanley Cup Finals, as well as each respective teams' Stanley Cup Finals record to date.
Year Winning team Coach Losing team Coach Games Winning goal Conn Smythe Trophy Winner
1927 Ottawa Senators (C) (5, 4–1) Dave Gill Boston Bruins (A) (1, 0–1) Art Ross 2–0–2 Cy Denneny (7:30, second)
1928 New York Rangers (A) (1, 1–0) Lester Patrick-playing Montreal Maroons (C) (1, 1–1) Eddie Gerard 3–2 Frank Boucher (3:35, third)
1929 Boston Bruins (A) (2, 1–1) Cy Denneny-playing New York Rangers (A) (2, 1–1) Lester Patrick 2–0 Bill Carson (18:02, third)
1930 Montreal Canadiens (C) (6, 3–2) Cecil Hart Boston Bruins (A) (3, 1–2) Art Ross 2–0 Howie Morenz (1:00, second)
1931 Montreal Canadiens (C) (7, 4–2) Cecil Hart Chicago Black Hawks (A) (1, 0–1) Dick Irvin 3–2 Johnny Gagnon (9:59, second)
1932 Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (3, 3–0) Dick Irvin New York Rangers (A) (3, 1–2) Lester Patrick 3–0 Ace Bailey (15:07, third)
1933 New York Rangers (A) (4, 2–2) Lester Patrick Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (4, 3–1) Dick Irvin 3–1 Bill Cook (7:34, OT)
1934 Chicago Black Hawks (A) (2, 1–1) Tommy Gorman Detroit Red Wings (A) (1, 0–1) Jack Adams 3–1 Mush March (10:05, second OT)
1935 Montreal Maroons (C) (2, 2–1) Tommy Gorman Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (5, 3–2) Dick Irvin 3–0 Baldy Northcott (16:18, second)
1936 Detroit Red Wings (A) (2, 1–1) Jack Adams Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (6, 3–3) Dick Irvin 3–1 Pete Kelly (9:45, third)
1937 Detroit Red Wings (A) (3, 2–1) Jack Adams New York Rangers (A) (5, 2–3) Lester Patrick 3–2 Marty Barry (19:22, first)
1938 Chicago Black Hawks (A) (3, 2–1) Bill Stewart Toronto Maple Leafs (C) (7, 3–4) Dick Irvin 3–1 Carl Voss (16:45, second)
1939 Boston Bruins (4, 2–2) Art Ross Toronto Maple Leafs (8, 3–5) Dick Irvin 4–1 Roy Conacher (17:54, second)
1940 New York Rangers (6, 3–3) Frank Boucher Toronto Maple Leafs (9, 3–6) Dick Irvin 4–2 Bryan Hextall (2:07, OT)
1941 Boston Bruins (5, 3–2) Cooney Weiland Detroit Red Wings (4, 2–2) Jack Adams 4–0 Bobby Bauer (8:43, second)
1942 Toronto Maple Leafs (10, 4–6) Hap Day Detroit Red Wings (5, 2–3) Jack Adams 4–3 Pete Langelle (9:48, third)
1943 Detroit Red Wings (6, 3–3) Jack Adams Boston Bruins (6, 3–3) Art Ross 4–0 Joe Carveth (12:09, first)
1944 Montreal Canadiens (8, 5–2) Dick Irvin Chicago Black Hawks (4, 2–2) Paul Thompson 4–0 Toe Blake (9:12, OT)
1945 Toronto Maple Leafs (11, 5–6) Hap Day Detroit Red Wings (7, 3–4) Jack Adams 4–3 Babe Pratt (12:14, third)
1946 Montreal Canadiens (9, 6–2) Dick Irvin Boston Bruins (7, 3–4) Dit Clapper 4–1 Toe Blake (11:06, third)
1947 Toronto Maple Leafs (12, 6–6) Hap Day Montreal Canadiens (10, 6–3) Dick Irvin 4–2 Ted Kennedy (14:39, third)
1948 Toronto Maple Leafs (13, 7–6) Hap Day Detroit Red Wings (8, 3–5) Tommy Ivan 4–0 Harry Watson (11:13, first)
1949 Toronto Maple Leafs (14, 8–6) Hap Day Detroit Red Wings (9, 3–6) Tommy Ivan 4–0 Cal Gardner (19:45, second)
1950 Detroit Red Wings (10, 4–6) Tommy Ivan New York Rangers (7, 3–4) Lynn Patrick 4–3 Pete Babando (8:31, second OT)
1951 Toronto Maple Leafs (15, 9–6) Joe Primeau Montreal Canadiens (11, 6–4) Dick Irvin 4–1 Bill Barilko (2:53, OT)
1952 Detroit Red Wings (11, 5–6) Tommy Ivan Montreal Canadiens (12, 6–5) Dick Irvin 4–0 Metro Prystai (6:50, first)
1953 Montreal Canadiens (13, 7–5) Dick Irvin Boston Bruins (8, 3–5) Lynn Patrick 4–1 Elmer Lach (1:22, OT)
1954 Detroit Red Wings (12, 6–6) Tommy Ivan Montreal Canadiens (14, 7–6) Dick Irvin 4–3 Tony Leswick (4:20, OT)
1955 Detroit Red Wings (13, 7–6) Jimmy Skinner Montreal Canadiens (15, 7–7) Dick Irvin 4–3 Gordie Howe (19:49, second)
1956 Montreal Canadiens (16, 8–7) Toe Blake Detroit Red Wings (14, 7–7) Jimmy Skinner 4–1 Maurice Richard (15:08, second)
1957 Montreal Canadiens (17, 9–7) Toe Blake Boston Bruins (9, 3–6) Milt Schmidt 4–1 Dickie Moore (0:14, second)
1958 Montreal Canadiens (18, 10–7) Toe Blake Boston Bruins (10, 3–7) Milt Schmidt 4–2 Bernie Geoffrion (19:26, second)
1959 Montreal Canadiens (19, 11–7) Toe Blake Toronto Maple Leafs (16, 9–7) Punch Imlach 4–1 Marcel Bonin (9:55, second)
1960 Montreal Canadiens (20, 12–7) Toe Blake Toronto Maple Leafs (17, 9–8) Punch Imlach 4–0 Jean Beliveau (8:16, first)
1961 Chicago Black Hawks (5, 3–2) Rudy Pilous Detroit Red Wings (15, 7–8) Sid Abel 4–2 Ab McDonald (18:49, second)
1962 Toronto Maple Leafs (18, 10–8) Punch Imlach Chicago Black Hawks (6, 3–3) Rudy Pilous 4–2 Dick Duff (14:14, third)
1963 Toronto Maple Leafs (19, 11–8) Punch Imlach Detroit Red Wings (16, 7–9) Sid Abel 4–1 Eddie Shack (13:28, third)
1964 Toronto Maple Leafs (20, 12–8) Punch Imlach Detroit Red Wings (17, 7–10) Sid Abel 4–3 Andy Bathgate (3:04, first)
1965 Montreal Canadiens (21, 13–7) Toe Blake Chicago Black Hawks (7, 3–4) Billy Reay 4–3 Jean Beliveau (0:14, first) Jean Beliveau
1966 Montreal Canadiens (22, 14–7) Toe Blake Detroit Red Wings (18, 7–11) Sid Abel 4–2 Henri Richard (2:20, OT) Roger Crozier
1967 Toronto Maple Leafs (21, 13–8) Punch Imlach Montreal Canadiens (23, 14–8) Toe Blake 4–2 Jim Pappin (19:24, second) Dave Keon
1968 Montreal Canadiens (E) (24, 15–8) Toe Blake St. Louis Blues (W) (1, 0–1) Scotty Bowman 4–0 J. C. Tremblay (11:40, third) Glenn Hall
1969 Montreal Canadiens (E) (25, 16–8) Claude Ruel St. Louis Blues (W) (2, 0–2) Scotty Bowman 4–0 John Ferguson (3:02, third) Serge Savard
1970 Boston Bruins (E) (11, 4–7) Harry Sinden St. Louis Blues (W) (3, 0–3) Scotty Bowman 4–0 Bobby Orr (0:40, OT) Bobby Orr
1971 Montreal Canadiens (E) (26, 17–8) Al MacNeil Chicago Black Hawks (W) (8, 3–5) Billy Reay 4–3 Henri Richard (2:34, third) Ken Dryden
1972 Boston Bruins (E) (12, 5–7) Tom Johnson New York Rangers (E) (8, 3–5) Emile Francis 4–2 Bobby Orr (11:18, first) Bobby Orr
1973 Montreal Canadiens (E) (27, 18–8) Scotty Bowman Chicago Black Hawks (W) (9, 3–6) Billy Reay 4–2 Yvan Cournoyer (8:13, third) Yvan Cournoyer
1974 Philadelphia Flyers (W) (1, 1–0) Fred Shero Boston Bruins (E) (13, 5–8) Bep Guidolin 4–2 Rick MacLeish (14:48, first) Bernie Parent
1975 Philadelphia Flyers (CC) (2, 2–0) Fred Shero Buffalo Sabres (PW) (1, 0–1) Floyd Smith 4–2 Bob Kelly (0:11, third) Bernie Parent
1976 Montreal Canadiens (PW) (28, 19–8) Scotty Bowman Philadelphia Flyers (CC) (3, 2–1) Fred Shero 4–0 Guy Lafleur (14:18, third) Reggie Leach
1977 Montreal Canadiens (PW) (29, 20–8) Scotty Bowman Boston Bruins (PW) (14, 5–9) Don Cherry 4–0 Jacques Lemaire (4:32, OT) Guy Lafleur
1978 Montreal Canadiens (PW) (30, 21–8) Scotty Bowman Boston Bruins (PW) (15, 5–10) Don Cherry 4–2 Mario Tremblay (9:20, first) Larry Robinson
1979 Montreal Canadiens (PW) (31, 22–8) Scotty Bowman New York Rangers (CC) (9, 3–6) Fred Shero 4–1 Jacques Lemaire (1:02, second) Bob Gainey
1980 New York Islanders (CC) (1, 1–0) Al Arbour Philadelphia Flyers (CC) (4, 2–2) Pat Quinn 4–2 Bob Nystrom (7:11, OT) Bryan Trottier
1981 New York Islanders (CC) (2, 2–0) Al Arbour Minnesota North Stars (PW) (1, 0–1) Glen Sonmor 4–1 Wayne Merrick (5:37, first) Butch Goring
1982 New York Islanders (PW) (3, 3–0) Al Arbour Vancouver Canucks (CC) (1, 0–1) Roger Neilson 4–0 Mike Bossy (5:00, second) Mike Bossy
1983 New York Islanders (PW) (4, 4–0) Al Arbour Edmonton Oilers (CC) (1, 0–1) Glen Sather 4–0 Mike Bossy (12:39, first) Billy Smith
1984 Edmonton Oilers (CC) (2, 1–1) Glen Sather New York Islanders (PW) (5, 4–1) Al Arbour 4–1 Ken Linseman (0:38, second) Mark Messier
1985 Edmonton Oilers (CC) (3, 2–1) Glen Sather Philadelphia Flyers (PW) (5, 2–3) Mike Keenan 4–1 Paul Coffey (17:57, first) Wayne Gretzky
1986 Montreal Canadiens (PW) (32, 23–8) Jean Perron Calgary Flames (CC) (1, 0–1) Bob Johnson 4–1 Bobby Smith (10:30, third) Patrick Roy
1987 Edmonton Oilers (CC) (4, 3–1) Glen Sather Philadelphia Flyers (PW) (6, 2–4) Mike Keenan 4–3 Jari Kurri (14:59, second) Ron Hextall
1988 Edmonton Oilers (CC) (5, 4–1) Glen Sather Boston Bruins (PW) (16, 5–11) Terry O'Reilly 4–0 Wayne Gretzky (9:44, second) Wayne Gretzky
1989 Calgary Flames (CC) (2, 1–1) Terry Crisp Montreal Canadiens (PW) (33, 23–9) Pat Burns 4–2 Doug Gilmour (11:02, third) Al MacInnis
1990 Edmonton Oilers (CC) (6, 5–1) John Muckler Boston Bruins (PW) (17, 5–12) Mike Milbury 4–1 Craig Simpson (9:31, second) Bill Ranford
1991 Pittsburgh Penguins (PW) (1, 1–0) Bob Johnson Minnesota North Stars (CC) (2, 0–2) Bob Gainey 4–2 Ulf Samuelsson (2:00, first) Mario Lemieux
1992 Pittsburgh Penguins (PW) (2, 2–0) Scotty Bowman Chicago Blackhawks (CC) (10, 3–7) Mike Keenan 4–0 Ron Francis (7:59, third) Mario Lemieux
1993 Montreal Canadiens (PW) (34, 24–9) Jacques Demers Los Angeles Kings (CC) (1, 0–1) Barry Melrose 4–1 Kirk Muller (3:51, second) Patrick Roy
1994 New York Rangers (EC) (10, 4–6) Mike Keenan Vancouver Canucks (WC) (2, 0–2) Pat Quinn 4–3 Mark Messier (13:29, second) Brian Leetch
1995 New Jersey Devils (EC) (1, 1–0) Jacques Lemaire Detroit Red Wings (WC) (19, 7–12) Scotty Bowman 4–0 Neal Broten (7:56, second) Claude Lemieux
1996 Colorado Avalanche (WC) (1, 1–0) Marc Crawford Florida Panthers (EC) (1, 0–1) Doug MacLean 4–0 Uwe Krupp (4:31, third OT) Joe Sakic
1997 Detroit Red Wings (WC) (20, 8–12) Scotty Bowman Philadelphia Flyers (EC) (7, 2–5) Terry Murray 4–0 Darren McCarty (13:02, second) Mike Vernon
1998 Detroit Red Wings (WC) (21, 9–12) Scotty Bowman Washington Capitals (EC) (1, 0–1) Ron Wilson 4–0 Martin Lapointe (2:26, second) Steve Yzerman
1999 Dallas Stars (WC) (3, 1–2) Ken Hitchcock Buffalo Sabres (EC) (2, 0–2) Lindy Ruff 4–2 Brett Hull (14:51, third OT) Joe Nieuwendyk
2000 New Jersey Devils (EC) (2, 2–0) Larry Robinson Dallas Stars (WC) (4, 1–3) Ken Hitchcock 4–2 Jason Arnott (8:20, second OT) Scott Stevens
2001 Colorado Avalanche (WC) (2, 2–0) Bob Hartley New Jersey Devils (EC) (3, 2–1) Larry Robinson 4–3 Alex Tanguay (4:57, second) Patrick Roy
2002 Detroit Red Wings (WC) (22, 10–12) Scotty Bowman Carolina Hurricanes (EC) (1, 0–1) Paul Maurice 4–1 Brendan Shanahan (14:04, second) Nicklas Lidstrom
2003 New Jersey Devils (EC) (4, 3–1) Pat Burns Mighty Ducks of Anaheim (WC) (1, 0–1) Mike Babcock 4–3 Michael Rupp (2:22, second) Jean-Sebastien Giguere
2004 Tampa Bay Lightning (EC) (1, 1–0) John Tortorella Calgary Flames (WC) (3, 1–2) Darryl Sutter 4–3 Ruslan Fedotenko (14:38, second) Brad Richards
2005 Season cancelled due to 2004–05 NHL lockout.
2006 Carolina Hurricanes (EC) (2, 1–1) Peter Laviolette Edmonton Oilers (WC) (7, 5–2) Craig MacTavish 4–3 Frantisek Kaberle (4:18, second) Cam Ward
2007 Anaheim Ducks (WC) (2, 1–1) Randy Carlyle Ottawa Senators (EC) (1, 0–1) Bryan Murray 4–1 Travis Moen (15:44, second) Scott Niedermayer
2008 Detroit Red Wings (WC) (23, 11–12) Mike Babcock Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (3, 2–1) Michel Therrien 4–2 Henrik Zetterberg (7:36, third) Henrik Zetterberg
2009 Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (4, 3–1) Dan Bylsma Detroit Red Wings (WC) (24, 11–13) Mike Babcock 4–3 Maxime Talbot (10:07, second) Evgeni Malkin
2010 Chicago Blackhawks (WC) (11, 4–7) Joel Quenneville Philadelphia Flyers (EC) (8, 2–6) Peter Laviolette 4–2 Patrick Kane (4:06, OT) Jonathan Toews
2011 Boston Bruins (EC) (18, 6–12) Claude Julien Vancouver Canucks (WC) (3, 0–3) Alain Vigneault 4–3 Patrice Bergeron (14:37, first) Tim Thomas
2012 Los Angeles Kings (WC) (2, 1–1) Darryl Sutter New Jersey Devils (EC) (5, 3–2) Peter DeBoer 4–2 Jeff Carter (12:45, first) Jonathan Quick
2013 Chicago Blackhawks (WC) (12, 5–7) Joel Quenneville Boston Bruins (EC) (19, 6–13) Claude Julien 4–2 Dave Bolland (19:01, third) Patrick Kane
2014 Los Angeles Kings (WC) (3, 2–1) Darryl Sutter New York Rangers (EC) (11, 4–7) Alain Vigneault 4–1 Alec Martinez (14:43, second OT) Justin Williams
2015 Chicago Blackhawks (WC) (13, 6–7) Joel Quenneville Tampa Bay Lightning (EC) (2, 1–1) Jon Cooper 4–2 Duncan Keith (17:13, second) Duncan Keith
2016 Pittsburgh Penguins (EC) (5, 4–1) Mike Sullivan San Jose Sharks (WC) (1, 0–1) Peter DeBoer 4–2 Kris Letang (7:46, second) Sidney Crosby

Appearances[edit]

Challenge Cup era (1893–1914)[edit]

Legend: SC = successful Stanley Cup challenge or defense of championship (win); UC = unsuccessful Stanley Cup challenge or defense of championship (loss); Years in bold denote a Stanley Cup win.

Team SC UC Total Win % Appearances
Ottawa HC 17 2 19 .895 1894, 1903 (2), 1904 (4), 1905 (3), 1906 (2), 1906, 1909, 1910 (2), 1911 (3)
Montreal Wanderers 10 2 12 .833 1904, 1906 (2), 1907, 1907, 1908 (5), 1910 (2)
Winnipeg Victorias 6 5 11 .545 1896 (2), 1896, 1899, 1900, 1901 (2), 1902 (2), 1902, 1903
Montreal Victorias 6 2 8 .750 1895, 1896, 1896, 1897 (2), 1898, 1899, 1903
Montreal Shamrocks 5 1 6 .833 1899 (2), 1900 (3), 1901
Montreal HC 5 0 5 1.000 1893, 1894, 1895, 1902, 1903
Quebec Bulldogs 4 0 4 1.000 1912 (2), 1913 (2)
Rat Portage/Kenora Thistles 2 3 5 .400 1903, 1905, 1907 (2), 1907
Toronto Blueshirts 2 0 2 1.000 1914 (2)
Queen's University 0 3 3 .000 1895, 1899, 1906
Brandon Wheat Cities 0 2 2 .000 1904, 1907
Edmonton HC 0 2 2 .000 1908, 1910
Galt HC 0 2 2 .000 1910, 1911
Winnipeg Maple Leafs 0 2 2 .000 1901, 1908

The following 16 teams unsuccessfully challenged for a Stanley Cup only once: Berlin Dutchmen (1910), Dawson City Nuggets (1905), Halifax Crescents (1900), Moncton Victorias (1912), Montreal Canadiens (1914), New Glasgow Cubs (1906), Ottawa Capitals (1897), Ottawa Victorias (1908), Port Arthur Bearcats (1911), Smiths Falls (1906), Sydney Millionaires (1913), Toronto Marlboros (1904), Toronto Professionals (1908), Toronto Wellingtons (1902), Victoria Aristocrats (1914), Winnipeg Rowing Club (1904).

Stanley Cup Finals era (since 1915)[edit]

Active teams[edit]

Unless marked otherwise, teams played in the NHL exclusively at the time they competed for the Stanley Cup. A bolded year denotes a Stanley Cup win.

Apps Team Wins Losses Win % Years of appearance (in Stanley Cup Finals)
34[a] Montreal Canadiens 24 9[a] .727 1916, 1917, 1919,[a] 1924, 1925, 1930, 1931, 1944, 1946, 1947, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1989, 1993
24 Detroit Red Wings 11 13 .458 1934, 1936, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1945, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2008, 2009
21 Toronto Maple Leafs[b] 13 8 .619 1918, 1922, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1942, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1967
19 Boston Bruins 6 13 .316 1927, 1929, 1930, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1958, 1970, 1972, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1988, 1990, 2011, 2013
13 Chicago Blackhawks[c] 6 7 .462 1931, 1934, 1938, 1944, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1992, 2010, 2013, 2015
11 New York Rangers 4 7 .364 1928, 1929, 1932, 1933, 1937, 1940, 1950, 1972, 1979, 1994, 2014
8 Philadelphia Flyers 2 6 .250 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1987, 1997, 2010
7 Edmonton Oilers 5 2 .714 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 2006
5 New York Islanders 4 1 .800 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984
5 Pittsburgh Penguins 4 1 .800 1991, 1992, 2008, 2009, 2016
5 New Jersey Devils 3 2 .600 1995, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2012
4 Dallas Stars[d] 1 3 .250 1981, 1991, 1999, 2000
3 Los Angeles Kings 2 1 .667 1993, 2012, 2014
3 Calgary Flames 1 2 .333 1986, 1989, 2004
3 St. Louis Blues 0 3 .000 1968, 1969, 1970
3 Vancouver Canucks 0 3 .000 1982, 1994, 2011
2 Colorado Avalanche 2 0 1.000 1996, 2001
2 Carolina Hurricanes 1 1 .500 2002, 2006
2 Anaheim Ducks[e] 1 1 .500 2003, 2007
2 Tampa Bay Lightning 1 1 .500 2004, 2015
2 Buffalo Sabres 0 2 .000 1975, 1999
1 Florida Panthers 0 1 .000 1996
1 Washington Capitals 0 1 .000 1998
1 Ottawa Senators[f] 0 1 .000 2007
1 San Jose Sharks 0 1 .000 2016

Five active teams have yet to make a Stanley Cup Finals appearance. Three of these teams have remained in the same location since their inceptions:

The other two teams have relocated and have not made the Finals in either location:

Five relocated teams that have won the Stanley Cup in their current locations and never appeared in the Finals in their former locations:

Defunct teams[edit]

Listed after the team name is the name of the affiliated league(s) when the team competed for the Stanley Cup. A bold year denotes a Stanley Cup win.

Appearances Team Wins Losses Win % Years of Appearance
5 Ottawa Senators (NHA/NHL) 4 1 .800 1915, 1920, 1921, 1923, 1927
4 Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA/WCHL) 1 3 .250 1915, 1918, 1921, 1922
3 Montreal Maroons (NHL) 2 1 .667 1926, 1928, 1935
3 [a] Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) 1 1[a] .500 1917, 1919,[a] 1920
2 Victoria Cougars (WCHL/WHL) 1 1 .500 1925, 1926
1 Portland Rosebuds (PCHA) 0 1 .000 1916
1 Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL) 0 1 .000 1923
1 Calgary Tigers (WCHL) 0 1 .000 1924
Notes
  • a The Montreal Canadiens and the Seattle Metropolitans appearance totals include the 1919 Stanley Cup Finals that ended with a no-decision because of the Spanish flu epidemic. It is not considered an official series win or loss by either team.
  • b The franchise known today as the Toronto Maple Leafs won the Cup in 1918 as the Toronto Hockey Club,[28] (later engraved on the Stanley Cup as the Toronto Arenas in 1947), and in 1922 as the Toronto St. Patricks.
  • c The Chicago Blackhawks were known as the Chicago Black Hawks prior to the 1986–87 season.
  • d The Dallas Stars totals include two series losses as the Minnesota North Stars.
  • e The Anaheim Ducks totals include one series loss as the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim.
  • f The modern Ottawa Senators (1992–present) are the namesake of the original Senators (1883–1934).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ "Stanley Cup Fun Facts". NHL.com. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  2. ^ Podnieks 2004, p. 20.
  3. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners: Quebec Bulldogs 1911–12". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  4. ^ Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 19.
  5. ^ "Champions of the World". Winnipeg Tribune. February 15, 1896. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Winnipeg Men Win". Ottawa Journal. February 15, 1896. p. 7. 
  7. ^ "After the puck". The Globe. March 2, 1896. p. 06. 
  8. ^ "Victorias Always Win". The Globe and Mail. February 20, 1901. p. 10. 
  9. ^ "Championship Goes To Kenora Thistles". Winnipeg Tribune. February 19, 1907. p. 6. 
  10. ^ "Vics Lost First Stanley Cup Game to Wanderers". Ottawa Citizen. January 10, 1908. p. 8. 
  11. ^ Coleman 1964, p. 82.
  12. ^ "Stanley Cup Contest May Not Be for the Mug, After All is Said". Saskatoon Phoenix. March 18, 1914. p. 8. 
  13. ^ "A Tempest In a Teapot". Montreal Daily Mail. March 19, 1914. p. 9. 
  14. ^ "Stanley Cup Muddle Cleared Up". Toronto Globe and Mail. March 19, 1914. 
  15. ^ "Three Pro Leagues as to Stanley Cup". Toronto World. March 25, 1914. p. 8. 
  16. ^ a b c Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 20.
  17. ^ Diamond 1993, p. 45.
  18. ^ Diamond 1993, p. 46.
  19. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners: Seattle Metropolitans 1916–17". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 11, 2006. 
  20. ^ Podnieks 2004, p. 51.
  21. ^ Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, pp. 20–21.
  22. ^ a b Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 21.
  23. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners: Victoria Cougars 1924–25". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 11, 2006. 
  24. ^ See Holzman2002. The Toronto NHL franchise (not using any nickname) was operated by the Toronto Arena Company, but only became a legal entity in the fall of 1918 as the Toronto Arena Hockey Club.
  25. ^ Diamond, Zweig & Duplacey 2003, p. 40.
  26. ^ a b "Court:Non-NHL teams could vie for Cup". TSN. February 7, 2006. Archived from the original on December 16, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  27. ^ "Amateurs taking NHL to court to play for Cup". ESPN. April 13, 2005. Retrieved October 13, 2007. 
  28. ^ Holzman 2002.

External links[edit]