List of States Passing Full-Year Daylight Savings Time
The Uniform Time Act was passed in 1966 to define a uniform observance of time for the whole country. The Act included the setting when to begin and end of daylight saving time. The Uniform Time Act also permits states to choose whether they want to observe daylight saving time or remain on standard time permanently all year without any legislative approval from the federal congress. However, the act does not permit states the option to remain on daylight saving time permanently all year. A change in federal law is necessary to allow states to choose whether they want to observe daylight saving time permanently all year. Many states have now moved forward state bills, resolutions, and referendums to indicate whether they want to observe daylight saving time permanently year-round once federal law permits them to do so.
As a work around to Uniform Time Act, some states in New England including Delaware, New Hampshire, Maine, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Connecticut have state bills proposing the adoption of year-round “Atlantic Standard Time,” which is the time zone that lies to the east of Eastern Standard Time, and then opt out of observing daylight saving. This would be the equivalent of observing daylight saving time year-round for the Eastern time zone. The benefit of this option is that it would not need a congressional vote, instead these state proposals could be approved by the federal Department of Transportation. Similarly, Washington state enacted a bill for year-round DST pending congressional approval but also has an alternative bill that could be enacted if congress does not act where it would enact year-round observance of Mountain Standard Time (instead of Pacific Standard Time) without daylight saving time.
A number of other states have also proposed bills to enact year-round standard time for their current time zone. Many of these bills have failed since current research does not support there to be many benefits to year-round standard time observance. The most commonly cited benefits for abandoning the time switch to standard time includes: traffic safety, economic increases, and energy usage reductions. With the extra hour of daylight in winter months, this should eliminate in the increase in traffic accidents observed immediately after the time switch. Another commonly cited benefit includes the economic gains observed by shoppers and those dining out after work in the summer months continuing into the winter months. With more people going out to public venues and others going home after the work-day but not using lighting, there should be a reduction in energy usage with the extra hour of daylight in the evenings.
Many people believe that daylight saving time was first created for agricultural or inter-state commerce purposes, but it was really started by Germany and France during World War I in an effort to save coal by reducing energy consumption with a longer day.[cite source] Today, the reality is that this reduction in energy consumption benefit is needed just as much if not more during the winter months than the summer months. [Cite source] In 2018, the European Commission performed a public survey and discovered that 84 percent of European citizens were in favor of discontinuing daylight saving time switches. The commission then proposed ending daylight saving time changes as early as this 2019. However, the conclusion of the European commission report only indicated that member states should decide whether to use their current standard-time during winter months or select a different standard-time that aligns to their current summer month's time which would equate to remaining on daylight-saving time year round.
The Sunshine Protection Act of 2019 has been introduced in the Senate by Senator Marco Rubio (R) of Florida. The Act would create permanent daylight-saving time for all of the current times zones across the whole country. The Act does this by amending the time offsets by 1-hour for each of the standard time zones in use in the US which equates to the current daylight saving time offsets. It is currently co-sponsored by three senators including Senator Patty Murray (D) of Washington state where a bill has already been signed into law to enact permanent DST for the state pending federal legislative approval. The other co-sponsors include Senator Rick Scott(R) of Florida and Senator Ron Wyden(D) of Oregon. The issue of permanent DST is one of the very few issues these days that is truly bipartisan. Both Republicans and Democrats alike seem to be in favor of the idea with broad support across the country in many states. President Trump has even endorsed permanent DST on twitter in March 2019 by stating, "Making Daylight Saving Time permanent is O.K. with me!" However, as of May 2019, the bill has not been taken to the Senate floor for a vote and is currently in review by the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.
|No Action on Permanent-DST or attempted to pass permanent Standard Time|
|States with Bills or Referendums already passed for Permanent-DST|
|States with Bills or Referendums pending a vote to move to Permanent-DST|
|States with Bills or Referendums that failed to pass Permanent-DST|
|Alabama||Senate passed permanent DST resolution|
|Alaska||Bill Introduced||Proposal to put the whole state on Pacific Standard Time year-round instead of using the current Alaska Standard time with DST changes.|
|Arizona||Does not use DST|
|Arkansas||House passed permanent DST resolution|
|California||Bill Introduced||Ballot proposition passed in November 2018 for permanent DST, leading to the introduction of a bill in December 2018. It passed the Assembly unanimously but stalled in the Senate.|
|Colorado||Ballot Referendum Introduced|
|Connecticut||Bill for year-round AST pending|
|Delaware||Bill for year-round AST pending||Proposal depends on Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania changing to AST also|
|Florida||Permanent DST bill signed||The bill is known as the "Sunshine Protection Act" and would move all of Florida (including the panhandle that is currently in the central time zone) into permanent DST.|
|Hawaii||Does not use DST|
|Idaho||Bill for permanent DST failed|
|Kansas||Bill introduced to end DST but was referred to the state Committee on Federal and State Affairs with no current action taking place.|
|Maine||Bill for year-round AST pending|
|Massachusetts||Bill for year-round AST pending|
|Mississippi||Bill for permanent DST failed|
|Montana||Attempted to enact year-round Mountain Standard Time, but the bill failed to pass.|
|Nebraska||Attempted to enact year-round standard time in 2018 but the bill never passed and was indefinitely postponed|
|Nevada||Legislature passed permanent DST resolution|
|New Hampshire||Bill for year-round AST pending|
|New Mexico||Bill for permanent DST failed|
|North Carolina||Bill Introduced|
|Oregon||Permanent DST bill signed||Exempts portion of Oregon on Mountain Time. Requires permanent DST for Washington and California before taking effect.|
|Rhode Island||Bill for year-round AST pending|
|South Carolina||Bill Introduced|
|Tennessee||Permanent DST bill signed|
|Texas||Ballot Referendum Introduced||Bill stalled in the Senate. Plans in place to resubmit in 2021 (earliest possible date). |
|Virginia||Bill for permanent DST failed|
|Washington||Permanent DST bill signed|
|West Virginia||Bill for permanent DST failed|
|Wisconsin||Failed year-round standard time bill|
|Wyoming||Bill failed to approved permanent DST|
- Goble, Keith (March 8, 2019). "Action pursued in 30 states to end time changes". Retrieved November 2, 2019.
- "Discontinuing seasonal changes of time and repealing Directive 2000/84/EC" (PDF). Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "A Delaware official wants a new time zone. Will Pennsylvania and New Jersey do the same?". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Marco Rubio's year-round Daylight Saving Time bill gets a boost from other end of America". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Year-round daylight saving time? Trump is on board with Rubio's idea". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Alabama Senate calls for permanent daylight saving time". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Arkansas House approves Daylight Saving Time resolution". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Tired of daylight saving time? These places are trying to end it". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "California, Illinois take steps toward permanent daylight saving time". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Plan for permanent Daylight Saving Time progresses". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Voters may get to decide on keeping Daylight Saving Time year round". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Proposed legislation would make it Daylight Savings Time year round". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Sunshine Daydream: Florida Bill Would Make Daylight Saving Time Year-Round". NPR.org. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- "GA & SC bills call to end switching the clock back and forth for daylight saving time". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Dozens of states consider move to permanent daylight saving time". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Change your clocks no more? Kansas bill to end daylight saving time sparks debate". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Minnesota lawmakers debate permanent daylight saving time". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Eliminate daylight saving time? Nebraska bill would do so". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "Nevada OKs year-round Daylight Saving Time: Resolution seeking authority headed to Congress". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "No More 'Spring Forward' Or 'Fall Back' - NC Lawmakers Seek To Make Daylight Saving Time Permanent". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "2 Ohio lawmakers seek to make daylight saving time permanent". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Lawmaker argues why Oklahoma should switch to year-round daylight saving time". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Since You Asked". Retrieved October 22, 2019.
- "Tennessee's permanent daylight-saving time bill has a long way to become reality". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Year-Round Daylight Saving Time or Standard Time Approved by Texas House". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Keep springing forward, falling back: Vote on daylight saving or standard time dies in Texas Senate". Retrieved November 5, 2019.
- "As clocks leap forward, lawmaker proposes to nix Vermont's time changes". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "Hate daylight saving time? Efforts to change law in Wisconsin, other states hit roadblocks". Retrieved May 14, 2019.