List of Stewards of the Chiltern Hundreds

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William Ewart Gladstone, who reformed the process to omit references to the position being one of honour

Appointment to the position of Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Chiltern Hundreds is a procedural device to allow Members of Parliament to resign from the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Members of the House of Commons are technically forbidden from resigning. To circumvent this prohibition, a legal fiction is used. An appointment to an "office of profit under The Crown" disqualifies an individual from sitting as a Member of Parliament (MP). As such, several such positions are maintained to allow MPs to resign.[1] The positions of Steward of the Manor of Northstead and Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds are used; historically several other offices have also been used.[1] The position was reworked in 1861 by William Ewart Gladstone, who was worried about the honour conferred by appointment to people such as Edwin James, who had fled to the United States over £10,000 in debt. As such, the letter was rewritten to omit any references to honour.

The Parliamentary Information Office has produced a list of those appointed to the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds since 1850.[2] Barry McElduff, formerly the Sinn Féin MP for West Tyrone, was appointed to the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds on 16 January 2018 by Chancellor Philip Hammond.

Appointees to the offices of Steward of the Manor of Northstead and Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds are alternated so that two MPs can resign at once (as happened on 23 January 2017 when Tristram Hunt and Jamie Reed resigned). In situations in which more than two resign, such as the 1985 walkout of Ulster Unionist MPs, appointees are dismissed after a few hours to allow other resigning MPs to take their place.[1]

Key[edit]

1751 to 1799[edit]

Before 1770 (William de Grey), between 1775 and 1780 (Edward Meux Worsley to Sir William Lynch), and between 1782 and 1787 (John Buller to Sir George Duckett) the date given is that of the writ to replace the member who accepted the Stewardship.

Date Member[3] Constituency Party Reason for resignation
25 January 1751 John Pitt Wareham
12 May 1753 Henry Vane Downton
17 January 1755 Marquess of Winchester Lymington
18 March 1755 Thomas Pitt Old Sarum
26 June 1756 Edward Bacon Newport (Cornwall)
25 February 1757 Horace Walpole Castle Rising
13 July 1757 William Pitt Okehampton
28 January 1758 Henry Bilson-Legge Orford
2 December 1758 Soame Jenyns Dunwich
15 February 1759 Walter Waring Bishop's Castle
25 January 1760 Henry Townshend Eye
24 May 1762 John Parker Bodmin
3 March 1763 Sir James Lowther Westmorland
16 March 1763 Earl of Ancram Richmond
27 April 1763 Norborne Berkeley Gloucestershire
28 April 1763 The Viscount Ligonier Bath created Baron Ligonier
5 January 1764 Robert Lowther Westmorland
13 June 1765 Gilbert Elliot Selkirkshire
16 June 1766 William Woodley Great Bedwyn
26 January 1767 Lord George Lennox Chichester
21 March 1767 Chase Price Leominster
17 December 1767 Richard Pennant Petersfield
13 November 1768 James Brudenell Great Bedwyn
28 November 1768 John Wrottesley Newcastle-under-Lyme
22 March 1769 Sir George Macartney Cockermouth
24 April 1769 Henry Luttrell Bossiney
17 January 1770 Edmund Nugent St Mawes
14 April 1770 The Viscount Allen Eye
29 January 1770 William de Grey Newport (Cornwall)
26 February 1770 Sir Edward Dering New Romney
18 May 1770 Lord Stavordale Midhurst
26 January 1771 Richard Croftes Downton
4 March 1771 William Gordon Rochester
8 May 1771 Lauchlin Macleane Arundel
28 January 1772 Lord Archibald Hamilton Lancaster
29 April 1772 Richard Worge Stockbridge
13 July 1772 John Roberts Harwich
25 March 1773 Alexander Mackay Tain Burghs
23 July 1772 Charles Jenkinson Appleby
5 May 1773 David Graeme Perthshire
9 March 1774 William Cornwallis Eye
19 December 1774 The Earl of Courtown Great Bedwyn
21 December 1774 Sir Charles Whitworth East Looe
6 February 1775 Edward Meux Worsley Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
5 June 1775 Thomas Graves East Looe
7 June 1775 Charles Ogilvie West Looe
8 November 1775 Charles James Fox Malmesbury
23 November 1775 Edward Eliot St Germans
4 December 1775 Sir John Barrington Newtown
16 December 1775 John Luttrell Stockbridge
28 November 1776 Charles Brett Lostwithiel
4 March 1777 Charles Wilkinson Aldborough
24 May 1777 Charles Finch Castle Rising
4 July 1777 Whitshed Keene Montgomery
10 December 1777 Miles Barne Dunwich
2 January 1778 Philip Anstruther Anstruther Burghs
6 March 1778 Abel Smith Aldborough
5 June 1778 The Viscount Barrington Plymouth
10 June 1778 John Tucker St Ives
4 December 1778 Sir Harry Burrard Lymington
26 December 1778 Adam Drummond St Ives
27 February 1779 Sir Hugh Palliser Scarborough
8 April 1779 The Lord Milford Plympton Erle
15 April 1779 James Pringle Berwickshire
15 June 1779 Lord Hyde Christchurch
31 March 1780 Sir William Lynch Weobley
16 June 1780 Henry Strachey Saltash
28 November 1780 Daniel Lascelles Northallerton
13 February 1781 Paul Methuen Great Bedwyn
4 April 1781 Edward Rushworth Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
20 March 1782 John Buller West Looe
6 April 1782 Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore Thetford
26 April 1782 Viscount Althorp Northampton
21 December 1782 John Mayor Abingdon
21 January 1783 Sir John Anstruther Anstruther Burghs
31 January 1783 Thomas Bowlby Launceston
13 February 1783 The Viscount Galway Pontefract
11 March 1783 Francis Fownes-Luttrell Minehead
3 May 1783 John Irwin East Grinstead
21 August 1783 John Shaw-Stewart Renfrewshire
1 December 1783 William Graves East Looe
24 May 1784 William Graves East Looe
14 June 1784 John Smith New Romney
19 June 1784 The Earl Nugent St Mawes
5 July 1784 Jonathan Phillips Camelford
10 August 1784 Sir Thomas Gascoigne Malton
16 August 1784 Paul Treby Ourry Plympton Erle
21 August 1784 John Lemon West Looe
11 April 1785 Robert Philipps Hereford
9 August 1785 Sir John Honywood Steyning
9 August 1785 John Simpson Wenlock
6 February 1786 The Lord Milford Haverfordwest
7 February 1786 Charles Dundas Richmond
3 March 1786 Henry Arthur Herbert East Grinstead
27 March 1786 Gabriel Steward Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
10 April 1786 Hugh Seymour-Conway Newport (Isle of Wight)
14 April 1786 John Pringle Selkirkshire
13 June 1786 Thomas Postlethwaite Haslemere
15 July 1786 Charles Lefebure Wareham
19 October 1786 William McDowall Renfrewshire
6 November 1786 John Lowther Cockermouth
27 December 1786 George Jackson Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
23 January 1787 John Townson Milborne Port
24 January 1787 George FitzRoy Bury St Edmunds
2 February 1787 Thomas Samuel Jolliffe Petersfield
16 February 1787 John Lambton City of Durham
19 February 1787 George Johnstone Ilchester
21 February 1787 Maurice Lloyd Gatton
5 March 1787 Sir Robert Palk Ashburton
4 April 1787 Edward Morant Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
4 May 1787 Lancelot Brown Huntingdon
30 May 1787 Lord Frederick Campbell Argyllshire
28 May 1787 William Wemyss Sutherland
8 June 1787 Sir Charles Gould Brecon Resigned to contest Breconshire
8 June 1787 John Nicholls Bletchingley
31 January 1788 Philip Goldsworthy Wilton
17 March 1788 Sir John Stepney Monmouth
14 April 1788 Richard Grosvenor East Looe
18 April 1788 Richard Myddelton Denbigh Boroughs
16 May 1788 Lord Adam Gordon Kincardineshire
22 May 1788 John Mortlock Cambridge
25 June 1788 Harry Burrard Lymington
4 July 1788 Gerard Noel Edwards Maidstone
20 November 1788 Sir James Tylney-Long Devizes
5 January 1789 Sir James Duff Banffshire
11 February 1789 Robert Cuninghame East Grinstead
22 July 1789 Sir James Campbell Stirling Burghs
10 August 1789 Viscount Belgrave East Looe
14 December 1790 James Grenville Buckingham
16 December 1790 William Pierce Ashe à Court Heytesbury
16 December 1790 Lord North Petersfield
22 December 1790 Edward Rushworth Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
17 February 1791 Barne Barne Dunwich
3 March 1791 Benjamin Lester Poole
13 April 1791 Marquess of Titchfield Petersfield
7 June 1791 William Coles Medlycott Milborne Port
9 June 1791 Thomas Jones Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
10 June 1791 Richard Penn Haslemere
13 February 1792 Paul Benfield Malmesbury
17 February 1792 Penn Assheton Curzon Clitheroe
10 February 1793 Sir John Anstruther Anstruther Burghs
17 June 1793 Sir Richard Worsley Newtown
21 June 1793 The Earl of Courtown Marlborough
23 January 1794 Sir John Jervis Wycombe
24 January 1794 The Earl of Carhampton Plympton Erle
3 February 1794 Richard Johnson Milborne Port
6 March 1794 Nathaniel William Wraxall Wallingford
27 March 1794 William Adam Ross-shire
29 April 1794 Sir Richard Pepper Arden Hastings
13 May 1794 Charles Stuart Ayr Burghs
23 May 1794 Lancelot Brown Huntingdonshire
29 May 1794 Robert Anstruther Anstruther Burghs
24 June 1794 Edmund Burke Malton
26 December 1794 William Beckford Hindon
26 December 1794 Ewan Law Westbury
1 January 1795 Francis Gregg Morpeth
6 January 1795 Charles William Wyndham Midhurst
6 February 1795 Henry Howard Arundel
12 March 1795 William Wellesley-Pole East Looe
30 October 1795 Peter Bathurst Eye
2 March 1796 George Murray Perth Burghs
23 November 1796 Lord John Thynne Weobley
27 December 1796 Lord George Cavendish Derby
29 December 1796 Hylton Jolliffe Petersfield
13 March 1797 Edward Rushworth Yarmouth
18 April 1797 William Cunninghame Bontine Dunbartonshire
16 June 1797 James Grenville Buckinghamshire
4 July 1797 Thomas Powys Northamptonshire
19 July 1797 Viscount Castlereagh Orford
20 July 1797 The Earl of Mornington Old Sarum
9 November 1797 James Bruce Marlborough
19 December 1797 Charles Brandling Newcastle-upon-Tyne
8 February 1798 Sir Ralph Abercromby Clackmannanshire
16 April 1798 William Graves East Looe
23 June 1798 William Baldwin Malton
21 November 1798 Charles George Beauclerk Richmond
22 February 1799 Lord Granville Leveson-Gower Lichfield
8 March 1799 Charles Williams-Wynn Old Sarum
21 March 1799 Richard Richards Helston
3 April 1799 Joseph Foster Barham Stockbridge
10 April 1799 John Heathcote Gatton
16 April 1799 Sir Christopher Hawkins Mitchell
4 May 1799 John Buller East Looe
7 June 1799 William Mitchell Plympton Erle
11 July 1799 Lord Frederick Campbell Argyllshire
12 July 1799 John Smith East Looe
12 October 1799 John Lloyd Flintshire

1800 to 1849[edit]

Dates given in this section are of the writ to replace the member who accepted the Stewardship.

Date Member[3] Constituency Party Reason for resignation
25 February 1800 Sir Henry Vane-Tempest City of Durham
7 March 1800 Michael Angelo Taylor Aldeburgh
20 March 1800 Inigo Freeman Thomas Weobley
14 April 1800 George William Richard Harcourt Westbury
24 April 1800 William Hamilton Nisbet Newport (Isle of Wight)
22 April 1800 Sir Hew Dalrymple-Hamilton Haddingtonshire
23 April 1800 John Hope Linlithgowshire
17 May 1800 William Stewart Rose Christchurch
17 June 1800 The Earl of Lucan St Albans
14 December 1800 The Earl of Inchiquin Liskeard
14 February 1801 Sir George Yonge Old Sarum
25 February 1801 John Bond Corfe Castle
25 February 1801 Henry Addington Devizes
25 February 1801 Sir Richard Worsley Newtown
4 March 1801 Robert Saunders-Dundas Rye
23 March 1801 Francis Page Oxford University
25 March 1801 Sir William Scott Downton
12 May 1801 George Garland Poole
6 July 1801 Lord George Seymour-Conway Totnes
7 November 1801 Sir Thomas Frankland Thirsk
10 March 1802 Robert Baird Haddington Burghs
16 December 1802 Harry Burrard Lymington
18 December 1802 Henry St John Wootton Bassett
24 January 1803 Charles Hope Dumfries Burghs
10 May 1803 John Inglett-Fortescue Callington
18 June 1803 Hon. Edward Bouverie Downton
29 July 1803 John Spalding Wigtown
13 August 1803 Hon. John William Ward Downton
16 August 1803 Charles Bragge Bristol Tory
21 December 1803 Thomas Smith West Looe
27 December 1803 John George Philipps Carmarthen
26 December 1803 Alexander Penrose Cumming-Gordon Inverness Burghs
27 February 1804 Henry Swann Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) Tory
21 March 1804 John Delgarno Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
27 April 1804 James Charles Stuart Strange Okehampton
7 May 1804 Earl of Dalkeith Ludgershall Tory
12 June 1804 Lord Paget Milborne Port
19 July 1804 Thomas Grenville Buckingham
4 August 1804 Sir Edward Pellew Barnstaple
23 January 1805 James Buller West Looe
31 January 1805 Charles Drake Garrard Amersham Tory
21 February 1805 James Martin Lloyd Steyning
25 March 1805 William Cavendish Knaresborough Whig
15 April 1805 Andrew McDouall Wigtownshire
23 April 1805 Charles Lawrence Dundas Malton Whig
10 May 1805 John Penn Helston
5 June 1805 Charles Chapman Newtown
26 June 1805 John Charles Villiers Tain Burghs
26 July 1805 Charles Tottenham New Ross
9 August 1805 William Stewart Wigtown
17 February 1806 Lord Robert Spencer Tavistock
22 February 1806 James Colquhoun Dunbartonshire
14 March 1806 Sir John Newport Waterford City
15 March 1806 Thomas Tyrwhitt Portarlington
18 March 1806 Thomas Fane Lyme Regis
1 April 1806 Thomas Davis Lamb Rye Tory
17 April 1806 John Dalrymple Haddington Burghs
21 April 1806 Davies Giddy Helston
29 April 1806 Samuel Campbell Rowley Kinsale
31 July 1806 John King Enniskillen
1 August 1806 John Sargent Bodmin
12 January 1807 William Cornwallis Eye
15 January 1807 Frederick William Trench Mitchell Tory
21 January 1807 Josias du Pre Porcher Bletchingley
27 January 1807 Sir William à Court Heytesbury
17 February 1807 Henry Bromley Worcester
26 February 1807 Edward Coke Derby
31 March 1807 Lord Spencer Chichester Carrickfergus
20 July 1807 Richard Richards Helston
24 July 1807 Edward Leveson-Gower Mitchell
27 July 1807 Sir Frederick Fletcher-Vane Winchelsea Whig
29 January 1808 Charles Bagot Castle Rising
1 February 1808 George Galway Mills Mitchell
23 February 1808 Dudley Long North Newtown Whig
24 February 1808 John Cheesment Severn Wootton Bassett Tory
29 February 1808 Henry Dawkins Boroughbridge Tory
20 April 1808 Sir Granby Calcraft Wareham
26 April 1808 Benjamin Cooke Griffinhoofe Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
2 May 1808 William Dundas Sutherland Tory
7 May 1808 John Randoll Mackenzie Tain Burghs
19 May 1808 Gerard Noel Noel Rutland
13 June 1808 John Delgarno Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
25 June 1808 Stephen Lushington Great Yarmouth Whig
11 July 1808 John Osborn Cockermouth Tory
13 July 1808 Arthur Shakespeare Richmond Whig
15 July 1808 Sir William Elford Rye
25 January 1809 Thomas Freeman-Heathcote Bletchingley
20 February 1809 Albemarle Bertie Stamford
21 February 1809 Charles Trelawny-Brereton Mitchell
3 April 1809 William Meeke Farmer Huntingdon
18 April 1809 Henry Wellesley Eye
19 April 1809 John Pedley Saltash
13 June 1809 Archibald Campbell Clyde Burghs
26 June 1809 Walter Jones[4] Coleraine Tory
30 January 1810 Thomas Grenville Buckingham
31 January 1810 Lord Paget Milborne Port
3 March 1810 Richard Nevill Wexford Borough Tory
14 March 1810 Richard Ramsbottom Windsor Tory
24 March 1810 Francis Whittle Westbury
16 April 1810 Thomas Carter Callington
27 April 1810 Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke St Germans Tory
18 May 1810 George Cranfield-Berkeley Gloucestershire Whig
13 July 1810 Archibald Colquhoun Elgin Burghs
7 December 1810 Viscount Valentia Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
14 February 1811 Walter Palk Ashburton
10 April 1811 The Viscount Palmerston Newport (Isle of Wight) Tory
19 April 1811 Joseph Hague Everett Ludgershall Tory
14 May 1811 Sir John Murray Wootton Bassett Tory
24 June 1811 Henry Bowyer Abingdon
1 July 1811 Peter Parker Wexford Borough Tory
26 February 1812 William Adam Kincardineshire
9 March 1812 Richard Wellesley East Grinstead
19 March 1812 Lord James Murray Perthshire
13 March 1812 Sir Patrick Murray Edinburgh
21 April 1812 Sir Abraham Hume Hastings
8 May 1812 Richard Henry Alexander Bennet Launceston Lost the patronage of the Duke of Northumberland
8 June 1812 George Gunning East Grinstead
1 July 1812 Sir William Oglander Bodmin
7 July 1812 George Augustus Frederick Cochrane Grampound
22 December 1812 Joseph Hague Everett Ludgershall Tory
26 December 1812 George Duckett Plympton Erle
29 December 1812 John Courtenay Appleby
12 February 1813 Sir John Thomas Duckworth New Romney Tory
13 February 1813 George Robert Hobart Mitchell
4 March 1813 Sir John Leman Rogers Callington
11 March 1813 James Kibblewhite Wootton Bassett Whig
6 April 1813 John Attersoll Wootton Bassett Whig
27 April 1813 Charles Henry Bouverie Downton
17 June 1813 Henry Arthur Herbert Tralee Whig
29 June 1813 Hugh Rose Nairnshire
10 December 1813 Ralph John Lambton City of Durham Whig
20 December 1813 George Campbell Carmarthen
11 April 1814 William à Court Dorchester
11 April 1814 Lord William Bentinck Nottinghamshire Whig
16 April 1814 Peter Heron Newton
9 May 1814 Charles Noel Noel Rutland
10 June 1814 Lord George Beresford Coleraine Tory
2 August 1814 John Bruce Mitchell
4 August 1814 John Kingston Lymington
12 August 1814 Henry Dawkins Aldborough Tory
24 November 1814 Thomas Hussey Aylesbury
5 December 1814 Benjamin Hall Westbury
24 March 1815 Richard Boyle Bernard Bandon Tory
31 March 1815 William Frankland Thirsk Whig
14 April 1815 James Stephen East Grinstead
4 May 1815 Henry Gally Knight Aldborough Tory
26 June 1815 Sandford Graham Ludgershall Whig
22 July 1815 Earl Gower Newcastle-under-Lyme
31 July 1815 Lord Granville Leveson-Gower Staffordshire Whig
14 February 1816 John Leach Seaford
23 February 1816 Joseph Jekyll Calne
1 March 1816 Augustus John Foster Cockermouth Tory
4 March 1816 Sir Henry Conyngham Montgomery Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
6 March 1816 James Macdonald Sutherland
13 March 1816 Thomas Read Kemp Lewes Whig
20 March 1816 Reginald Pole-Carew Lostwithiel
21 March 1816 Charles Hope Haddingtonshire
29 March 1816 Lord Burghersh Lyme Regis
15 April 1816 David Vanderheyden East Looe Tory
15 April 1816 John Delgarno Newport (Isle of Wight)
16 April 1816 George Ponsonby Peterborough Whig
9 May 1816 Edmund Pollexfen Bastard Dartmouth Tory
5 June 1816 Viscount Ebrington Buckingham Whig
15 June 1816 Sir William Congreve Gatton
8 July 1816 Robert Rickards Wootton Bassett
12 July 1816 William Douglas Plympton Erle
2 August 1816 Sir William Stewart Wigtownshire
6 February 1817 Edward Spencer Cowper Hertford Whig
8 February 1817 William Hicks-Beach Malmesbury Whig
14 February 1817 Viscount Cranborne Weymouth and Melcombe Regis Tory
18 February 1817 Richard Wellesley Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
21 February 1817 Augustus Cavendish-Bradshaw Castle Rising Tory
10 June 1817 Harvey Christian Combe City of London Whig
12 June 1817 The Earl of Desart Bossiney Tory
19 June 1817 Robert Peel Chippenham Whig
23 June 1817 Viscount Ebrington Buckingham Whig
28 June 1817 Charles Nicholas Pallmer Ludgershall Whig
12 July 1817 Lord John Russell Tavistock Whig
19 February 1818 Hart Davis Colchester Tory
18 March 1818 Alexander Maconochie Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) Tory
20 February 1819 The Lord Huntingfield Dunwich Tory
20 February 1819 Richard Sharp Portarlington Whig
27 February 1819 George Tennyson Bletchingley Whig
4 March 1819 Richard Pennefather Cashel Tory
6 March 1819 William Bagwell Clonmel Tory
16 March 1819 John Taylor Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) Tory
16 March 1819 William Mount Yarmouth (Isle of Wight) Tory
29 March 1819 Lord William Russell Tavistock Whig
30 March 1819 Marmaduke Lawson Boroughbridge Whig
5 April 1819 George Fludyer Appleby Tory
1 May 1819 Ralph Franco Westbury Tory
20 May 1819 John Bladen Taylor Hythe
29 May 1819 Edward Denny Tralee Tory
6 July 1819 William Fitzhugh Tiverton
19 July 1819 Paul Methuen Wiltshire
30 November 1819 William Lamb Peterborough Whig
3 December 1819 Edward Finch Cambridge Tory
22 May 1820 John Nicholas Fazakerley Tavistock Whig
30 May 1820 Viscount Normanby Scarborough Whig
4 June 1820 Arthur Howe Holdsworth Dartmouth
16 June 1820 Albany Savile Okehampton Tory
27 June 1820 Kirkman Finlay Malmesbury
17 July 1820 Arthur Johnston Crawford Old Sarum Tory
3 August 1820 Charles Ashe A'Court Heytesbury
7 November 1820 Sir Charles Mordaunt Warwickshire
29 November 1820 Nathaniel Barton Westbury
9 February 1821 Dudley Long North Newtown Whig
9 February 1821 John Carroll New Ross
17 February 1821 Alexander Boswell Plympton Erle Tory
21 March 1821 James Henry Keith Stewart Wigtown Burghs Tory
28 April 1821 John Douglas Orford Tory
11 May 1821 Thomas Assheton Smith Andover Tory
26 May 1821 James Graham St Ives
5 June 1821 George Finch Lymington
21 July 1821 John Beckett Cockermouth
11 February 1822 Sir John Nicholl Great Bedwyn Tory
18 February 1822 Augustus Clifford Dungarvan Whig
19 February 1822 Marquess of Titchfield Bletchingley Whig
14 March 1822 Lord John Campbell Argyllshire
8 April 1822 Charles Milner Ricketts Dartmouth
12 April 1822 Henry Fownes Luttrell Minehead Tory
30 April 1822 Abraham Moore Shaftesbury
30 July 1822 Joseph Foster Barham Stockbridge Whig
14 August 1822 William Cust Clitheroe
10 February 1823 Nicholas Vansittart Harwich
10 February 1823 Charles Bathurst Harwich
12 February 1823 James Scarlett Peterborough Whig
18 February 1823 George Bankes Corfe Castle Tory
18 February 1823 James Henry Leigh Winchester
24 February 1823 Sir Compton Domvile Bossiney
28 February 1823 James Somers Cocks Reigate
4 March 1823 John Dodson Rye
3 April 1823 Sir Harry Burrard-Neale Lymington
16 February 1824 Lord Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck Weobley
5 March 1824 Francis Leigh New Ross Tory
2 June 1824 The Lord Dunalley Okehampton Whig
13 July 1824 Robert Bruce Clackmannanshire
11 February 1825 Thomas Claughton Newton
8 March 1825 William Wilberforce Bramber Tory
2 April 1825 Philip Musgrave Petersfield
6 April 1825 Lord Lindsay Wigan Tory
13 February 1826 Henry Bankes Corfe Castle Tory
22 February 1826 Richard Heber Oxford University Tory
1 March 1826 Thomas Grimston Estcourt Devizes
3 March 1826 George Watson-Taylor East Looe Tory
15 December 1826 Sir William Curtis Hastings
16 December 1826 George James Robarts Wallingford Whig
16 December 1826 George Edgcumbe Plympton Erle Tory
14 February 1827 Henry Fox Horsham Whig
16 February 1827 William Wilson Carus Wilson Cockermouth Tory
14 May 1827 William Russell Bletchingley Whig
16 May 1827 Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal Harwich Tory
22 May 1827 John Wilson Croker Aldeburgh Tory
23 May 1827 William Henry Fremantle Buckingham
7 June 1827 Charles Arbuthnot St Germans Tory
9 July 1827 Guy Lenox Prendergast Lymington
4 February 1828 Lord William Bentinck King's Lynn Whig
8 February 1828 John Bond Corfe Castle Tory
8 February 1828 Samuel Barrett Moulton Barrett Richmond (Yorks) Whig
11 February 1828 Richard Magennis Enniskillen Tory
29 February 1828 Sir Christopher Hawkins St Ives Tory
2 April 1828 Josias du Pre Alexander Old Sarum Tory
9 April 1828 John Wilks Sudbury
23 April 1828 Thomas Frankland Lewis Ennis Tory
12 June 1828 Sir George Cockburn Weobley Tory
23 July 1828 William Lamb Bletchingley Whig
18 February 1829 Sir James Graham Carlisle Whig
27 February 1829 Wyndham Lewis Aldeburgh Tory
28 February 1829 Robert Peel Oxford University Tory
2 March 1829 Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes Westbury Tory
6 March 1829 Lord FitzRoy Somerset Truro Tory
6 March 1829 Nathaniel William Peach Corfe Castle Tory
6 March 1829 Sir William Henry Clinton Newark
13 March 1829 Earl Bruce Marlborough Whig
17 March 1829 Pownoll Bastard Pellew Launceston Tory
13 March 1829 Lord Brudenell Marlborough Tory
30 March 1829 Sir Edward Campbell Rich Owen Sandwich
20 April 1829 Sir George Smyth Colchester Tory
4 May 1829 Robert Hurst Horsham Whig
9 May 1829 James Drummond Buller-Elphinstone East Looe Tory
25 May 1829 Joshua Walker Aldeburgh Tory
3 June 1829 Henry Evans Wexford Borough Tory
9 June 1829 Sir Edward Denny Tralee Tory
2 July 1829 George Bankes Corfe Castle Tory
22 July 1829 Granville Proby Wicklow Whig
12 February 1830 Charles Buller West Looe Whig
15 February 1830 Henry Brougham Winchelsea Whig
20 February 1830 Robert Henley Eden Fowey Tory
20 February 1830 James Hewitt Massy Dawson Clonmel Tory Resigned to contest County Limerick
1 March 1830 Henry Bonham Rye
2 March 1830 Henry Villiers-Stuart County Waterford Tory
8 March 1830 William Scott Gatton
24 November 1830 Viscount Milton Peterborough Whig
17 December 1830 Sir Henry Hardinge St Germans Tory
20 December 1830 William Vesey-FitzGerald Lostwithiel Tory
23 December 1830 Viscount Valletort Plympton Erle Tory
28 December 1830 Thomas Knox Dungannon Tory
10 February 1831 Sir Hussey Vivian Windsor Whig
16 February 1831 Charles Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie Bossiney Tory
18 February 1831 Robert William Mills Bletchingley Whig
21 February 1831 Henry Willoughby Newark
26 February 1831 John Gregson Saltash
1 March 1831 James Alexander Hodson Wigan Tory
4 March 1831 Sir James Montgomery Peeblesshire
14 March 1831 William Sturges Bourne Milborne Port Tory
14 March 1831 Sir Philip Charles Sidney Eye Tory
19 March 1831 Arthur Hill-Trevor New Romney Tory
6 April 1831 Sir James Scarlett Malton Whig Left the Whigs for the Tories in opposition to electoral reform
9 April 1831 Sir Willoughby Gordon Launceston Tory
19 April 1831 William Stratford Dugdale Shaftesbury
14 July 1831 William Henry Trant Okehampton Tory
15 July 1831 Henry Hanmer Westbury Whig
18 July 1831 John Ponsonby Bletchingley Whig
20 July 1831 James Brougham Downton Whig
22 July 1831 Viscount Bernard Bandon Tory
15 August 1831 Charles Tottenham New Ross Tory
25 August 1831 Viscount Ingestre Armagh City Tory Resigned to contest Dublin City
30 September 1831 William Cavendish Malton Whig
6 October 1831 Charles Christopher Pepys Higham Ferrers Whig
11 October 1831 Lord Ashley Dorchester Tory
25 October 1831 Lord Russell Tavistock Whig
1 November 1831 Lord Francis Osborne Cambridgeshire
15 December 1831 Charles Philip Yorke Reigate Tory
22 December 1831 Thomas Brayen Leominster
2 February 1832 Earl of Brecknock Dunwich Tory
25 February 1832 Henry Glynne Flint Whig
26 June 1832 Sir Thomas Baring Wycombe
8 March 1833 Viscount Milton Malton Whig Resigned to contest Northamptonshire
20 March 1833 Edward Berkeley Portman Marylebone Whig
4 April 1833 George Barrington Sunderland
11 May 1833 Sir John Cam Hobhouse Westminster Whig
27 May 1833 David Ricardo Stroud Whig
12 August 1833 Sir John Key City of London Whig
4 September 1833 Charles Stuart Buteshire
17 February 1834 James Cornish Totnes
17 February 1834 Montague Gore Devizes Whig Broke from the Whigs with the Derby Dilly over reform
21 March 1834 Sir Robert Frankland Thirsk Whig
24 March 1834 Sir John Maxwell Paisley
27 June 1834 Mervyn Archdall Fermanagh Tory
6 May 1835 Viscount Morpeth West Riding of Yorkshire Lib Appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland
19 May 1835 Charles Richard Fox Stroud Lib
1 June 1835 James Kennedy Tiverton
5 July 1835 Richard Alexander Oswald Ayrshire
10 February 1836 Sir Philip Durham Devizes
15 February 1836 Fretchville Lawson Ballantine Dykes Cockermouth Whig
17 February 1836 Colin Dunlop[5] Glasgow
18 February 1836 Thomas Frewen Turner South Leicestershire
17 May 1836 Alexander Graham Speirs Paisley
17 May 1836 Richard Sullivan Kilkenny City Lib
27 May 1836 Colin Dunlop Glasgow
27 June 1836 Sir Robert Williames Vaughan Merioneth Con
23 August 1836 Sir Charles Greville Warwick Con
21 February 1837 Sir Francis Goodricke Stafford Con Resigned in May 1835 to contest Staffordshire; the House of Commons considered disenfranchising the borough for corruption and did not issue a new writ until 1837
23 February 1837 Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley Anglesey Whig
21 April 1837 Thomas Read Kemp Lewes Lib
12 May 1837 Sir Francis Burdett Westminster Lib Resigned to contest the seat against a Radical candidate
16 May 1837 John Temple Leader Bridgwater Lib
16 May 1837 Stewart Marjoribanks Hythe Whig
27 May 1836 James Oswald[6] Glasgow
25 July 1837 William Wilshere Great Yarmouth Whig
12 December 1837 Sir James John Hamilton Sudbury Con
12 December 1837 William Stephen Poyntz Midhurst Whig
20 February 1838 Henry Hanbury Tracy Bridgnorth
20 February 1838 Hugh Owen Owen Pembroke Con
5 March 1838 Sir William Geary West Kent Con
1 May 1838 Thomas Chaplin Stamford Con
11 May 1838 Henry Peyton Woodstock Con
21 May 1838 Henry Thomas Hope Gloucester Con
9 June 1838 Viscount Northland Dungannon Con
12 June 1838 Alexander William Chisholm Inverness-shire Con
14 June 1838 James Hope Linlithgowshire
9 March 1839 Richard Potter Wigan Whig
24 June 1839 Lord William Bentinck Glasgow Whig
15 July 1839 Thomas Milner Gibson Ipswich Con
26 July 1839 Jasper Parrott Totnes
19 August 1839 Arthur FitzGerald Kinnaird Perth
6 September 1839 Thomas Spring Rice Cambridge Whig
24 January 1840 George Lane Fox Beverley Con
25 January 1840 Thomas Attwood Birmingham Lib
28 January 1840 Hon. William Middleton Noel Rutland Con
22 February 1840 Lord Leveson Morpeth Lib
4 March 1840 Roderick Macleod Inverness Burghs Whig
12 March 1840 Viscount Cantelupe Helston Con
8 April 1840 Hon. William Howard Sutherland Con
25 April 1840 Francis William Grant Elginshire and Nairnshire
5 June 1840 Sir John Benn Walsh Sudbury Con
31 July 1840 Henry Chester County Louth
12 August 1840 Somerset Richard Maxwell Cavan Con
24 August 1840 John Power County Waterford
9 February 1841 Hon. Edward Harbottle Grimston Helston Con
2 February 1841 Francis Finch Walsall Lib
9 February 1841 William Addams Williams Monmouthshire
16 February 1841 Alexander Speirs Richmond (Yorks) Whig
24 February 1841 Nicholas Fitzsimon King's County
4 September 1841 Edward Strutt Derby Whig
15 September 1841 Henry Warburton Bridport Radical
17 September 1841 William Thompson Sunderland
5 October 1841 Henry William Hobhouse Hereford Whig
10 February 1842 Sir Stratford Canning King's Lynn Con
11 February 1842 Edward Thomas Bainbridge Taunton Whig
18 February 1842 George Abercromby Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire
16 April 1842 Patrick Chalmers Montrose Burghs
5 May 1842 Isaac Newton Wigney Brighton Lib
26 May 1842 Sir Robert Bateson Londonderry Con
4 August 1842 Sir George Larpent Nottingham Whig
23 August 1842 John Willis Fleming South Hampshire Con
16 March 1843 John Rundle Tavistock Whig
18 March 1843 Thomas Pemberton Ripon Con
4 May 1843 William Bird Brodie Salisbury Whig
8 September 1843 Alexander Cameron Campbell Argyllshire
10 February 1844 Thomas Sotheron Devizes Con
30 March 1844 Joseph Planta Hastings Con
11 May 1844 Thomas Duffield Abingdon Con
18 June 1844 Hon. Arthur Henry Cole Enniskillen Con
9 July 1844 Sir David Roche Limerick City Lib
2 August 1844 Thomas William Chester-Master Cirencester Con
8 August 1844 Thomas Hawkes Dudley
20 September 1844 Lord Stanley North Lancashire Con Resigned in anticipation of a writ in acceleration to the House of Lords
3 March 1845 Sir Edward Knatchbull East Kent Con
26 April 1845 Charles Greenaway Leominster
1 May 1845 Marquess of Blandford Woodstock Con
25 June 1845 William Ramsay Ramsay Midlothian
20 August 1845 Sir James Tennent Belfast Con
30 January 1846 Sir Horace Beauchamp Seymour Midhurst Con
3 February 1846 George Darby East Sussex Con
5 February 1846 Joseph Stock Cashel Lib
11 February 1846 Sir Thomas Fremantle Buckingham Con
14 February 1846 Hon. William Dawnay Rutland Con
19 February 1846 Lord Ashley Dorset Con
19 February 1846 Henry Sturt Dorset Con
19 February 1846 The Lord Henniker East Suffolk Con
24 February 1846 William Ralph Cartwright South Northamptonshire Con
27 February 1846 Hon. Francis Charteris East Gloucestershire Con
2 March 1846 Mark Blake Mayo
7 March 1846 Alexander Baillie-Cochrane Bridport Con
15 April 1846 John Childers Malton Whig
2 May 1846 William Baird Falkirk Burghs Con
10 July 1846 Henry Labouchere Taunton Whig
25 January 1847 Ambrose Hussey Salisbury Con
30 January 1847 Lord Robert Grosvenor City of Chester Whig
2 February 1847 Charles Wyndham West Sussex Con
17 March 1847 Sir Howard Elphinstone Lewes Lib
15 December 1847 William Dougal Christie Weymouth and Melcombe Regis Whig
15 December 1847 Samuel Christy-Miller Newcastle-under-Lyme
18 December 1847 William Yates Peel Tamworth Con
22 December 1847 David Barclay Sunderland
19 February 1848 Frederick Shaw University of Dublin Con
25 February 1848 William Heald Ludlow Bruges Devizes
1 March 1848 Daniel O'Connell Waterford City
27 April 1848 William Acton Wicklow Con
13 February 1849 Lord Courtenay South Devon Con
6 April 1849 Sir William Heathcote North Hampshire Con
17 April 1849 Lancelot Rolleston South Nottinghamshire Con
3 May 1849 Henry George Ward Sheffield Lib
7 June 1849 Evelyn Shirley South Warwickshire Con
4 July 1849 Lionel de Rothschild City of London Lib
2 August 1849 Sir James Duke[7] Boston Whig To contest a by-election for the City of London

1850 to 1899[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
9 February 1850 Sir George Smyth[3] Colchester Con
4 March 1850 Lord Albert Conyngham[3] Canterbury Lib Raised to the peerage as Baron Londesborough
12 March 1850 John Ffolliott[3] Sligo County
30 April 1850 Hon. George Keppel[3] Lymington Whig
22 July 1850 Sir John Jervis[3] City of Chester Lib
3 August 1850 Viscount Northland[3] Dungannon Con
7 August 1850 Charles Pearson[8] Lambeth Lib
24 December 1850 Viscount Adare Glamorganshire Con Succeeded his father as Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl[9]
3 February 1851 Viscount Northland Dungannon Con
3 February 1851 Sir John Hobhouse, Bt Harwich Lib Raised to the peerage as Baron Broughton[10]
1 March 1851 Richard Lalor Sheil Dungarvan Lib Retired due to ill health and to become a priest in Tuscany[11]
31 March 1851 Hon. Henry Cole Enniskillen Con
14 April 1851 William Trant Fagan Cork City RA
5 May 1851 John Simeon Isle of Wight Lib
10 July 1851 The Earl of Surrey Arundel Lib Resigned in protest at the passing of the Ecclesiastical Titles Act 1851[12]
23 July 1851 John O'Connell Limerick City RA Resigned to allow the Earl of Surrey to take his place[13]
1 August 1851 Richard Ker Downpatrick Con
12 September 1851 Hon. Arthur Duncombe East Retford Con
25 October 1851 Benjamin Hawes Kinsale Lib
29 January 1852 John Plumptre East Kent Con
16 March 1852 John Boyd Coleraine Con
20 April 1852 Francis Rufford Worcester Con
5 July 1853 William Evans North Derbyshire Whig
3 August 1853 Hon. George Anson South Staffordshire Lib Appointed to command a Division in Bengal[14]
13 August 1853 John Maguire Dungarvan Lib Became Mayor of Cork[15]
28 January 1854 Richard Prime West Sussex Con
5 May 1854 Musgrave Brisco Hastings Con
5 August 1854 Hon. William Gordon Aberdeenshire Con
11 August 1854 Lord Dudley Stuart Marylebone Lib
30 March 1855 Edmond Roche Cork County Lib
2 May 1855 William Mure Renfrewshire Con
6 July 1855 Charles Berkeley Evesham Lib
22 November 1855 Hon. Francis Child Villiers Rochester Con
25 January 1856 Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Bt Rutland Whig
3 March 1856 Charles Gavan Duffy New Ross Lib
2 May 1856 Charles Berkeley Cheltenham Lib
15 July 1856 Henry Sturt Dorchester Con
7 January 1857 William Biggs Newport Whig
17 February 1857 Charles Frewen East Sussex Con
23 July 1857 Lionel de Rothschild City of London Lib Resigned after a bill that would allow him to swear on the Old Testament was defeated, preventing him from taking his seat in the House of Commons[16]
30 November 1857 Hon. Francis Baring Thetford Con
19 December 1857 George Skene Duff Elgin Burghs Lib
4 November 1858 Henry Tancred Banbury Whig
9 February 1859 Sir John Ramsden, Bt Hythe Whig
9 March 1859 John Bagshaw Harwich Lib
2 August 1859 Henry Labouchere Taunton Lib Raised to the peerage as Baron Taunton[17]
12 August 1859 Ralph Earle Berwick-upon-Tweed Con Resigned after accusations of improper financial deals with railway companies[18]
6 March 1860 William Laslett Worcester Lib
4 June 1860 Richard Davison Belfast Con
27 August 1860 Hon. Percy Egerton Herbert Ludlow Con
4 February 1861 Titus Salt Bradford Lib
22 April 1861 Lachlan Gordon-Duff Banffshire Lib
18 July 1861 Allen Eliott-Lockhart Selkirkshire Con
January 1862 George Heneage Lincoln Lib
26 March 1862 R. A. Cross Preston Con
19 May 1862 Alfred Rhodes Bristow Kidderminster Lib
7 January 1863 Edward Ball Cambridgeshire Con
5 February 1863 Michael Seymour Plymouth Devonport Lib
14 March 1863 Maxwell Close Armagh Con
14 April 1863 Ion Hamilton Dublin County Con
28 May 1863 Charles Tottenham New Ross Con
4 February 1864 Sir James Buller East, Bt Winchester Con
11 February 1865 Daniel O'Donoghue Tipperary Lib
16 June 1865 Arthur William Buller Plymouth Devonport Lib
1 March 1866 William Edward Dowdeswell Tewkesbury Con
28 April 1866 Lord Clarence Paget Sandwich Whig
7 May 1866 William Leslie Aberdeenshire Con
8 August 1866 Hon. Charles Cust North Shropshire Con
5 February 1867 William Humphery Andover Con
5 February 1867 Sir Edward Kerrison, Bt East Suffolk Con
10 May 1867 David Dundas Sutherland Lib
26 July 1867 David Stewart Ker Downpatrick Con
25 November 1867 Hon. Alexander Baring Thetford Con
19 February 1868 Alexander Struthers Finlay Argyllshire Lib
14 April 1868 William Welby-Gregory Grantham Con
22 April 1868 Laurence Oliphant Stirling Burghs Lib
17 February 1869 Richard Green-Price Radnor Lib
28 July 1869 Edward Hamilton Salisbury Lib
7 February 1870 Austen Henry Layard Southwark Lib
9 February 1870 Henry Whitmore Bridgnorth Con
16 February 1870 William Lee Maidstone Lib
16 February 1870 Charles Ichabod Wright Nottingham Con
30 March 1870 Lord Courtenay East Devon Con
9 February 1871 Lord John Hay Ripon Lib
9 February 1871 Sir Thomas Burke, Bt Galway County Lib
22 February 1871 Edward Clive Hereford Lib
24 February 1871 Poulett Somerset Monmouthshire Con
6 February 1872 John Tollemache West Cheshire Con
29 February 1872 Robert Stayner Holford East Gloucestershire Con
17 April 1872 Richard Joseph Devereux Wexford Borough Lib
7 February 1873 Edward Wingfield Verner Lisburn Con
21 February 1873 George Legh Mid Cheshire Con
29 April 1873 William Philip Price Gloucester Lib
24 June 1873 Edmond de la Poer Waterford County Lib
21 July 1873 George Armitstead Dundee Lib
5 February 1875 George Melly Stoke-upon-Trent Lib
6 February 1875 Charles William White Tipperary Nat
15 April 1875 Francis Bassett Bedfordshire Lib
20 July 1875 Thomas Richardson Hartlepool Lib
8 February 1876 Richard Arkwright Leominster Con
24 April 1876 William McCombie West Aberdeenshire Lib
21 June 1876 George Dixon Birmingham Lib
28 June 1876 William Edward Dowdeswell West Worcestershire Con
14 July 1876 Sir Wyndham Knatchbull, Bt East Kent Con
31 July 1876 Charles William Nevill Carmarthen Con
8 February 1877 Sir Edmund Antrobus, Bt Wilton Lib
12 February 1877 John Crossley Halifax Lib
7 August 1877 Edward Corbett South Shropshire Con
16 January 1878 James Grieve Greenock Lib
29 January 1878 J. W. Henley Oxfordshire Con
8 March 1878 Evan Pateshall Hereford Con
16 April 1878 Robert William Hanbury Tamworth Con
6 May 1878 Sir Emile Cowell-Stepney, Bt Carmarthen Lib
3 August 1878 The Marquess of Lorne Argyllshire Lib
15 August 1878 Edmund Buckley Newcastle-under-Lyme Con
5 December 1878 Kirkman Daniel Hodgson Bristol Lib
1 May 1879 Lewis Majendie Canterbury Con
3 December 1879 Samuel Danks Waddy Barnstaple Lib
1 May 1880 John Brinton Kidderminster Lib
20 May 1880 Samuel Plimsoll Derby Lib
23 July 1880 Sir Harcourt Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt Scarborough Lib
18 January 1881 Duncan McLaren Edinburgh Lib
5 April 1881 Sir Henry Havelock-Allan, Bt Sunderland Lib
3 February 1882 Alexander Martin Sullivan Meath HRL
18 April 1882 Vaughan Vaughan-Lee West Somerset Con
15 August 1882 John Dyson Hutchinson Halifax Lib
19 October 1882 James Cowan Edinburgh Lib
16 November 1882 Henry Cecil Raikes Preston Con
16 February 1883 Henry Joseph Gill Westmeath HRL
6 March 1883 John Dillon Tipperary IPP
6 June 1883 Michael Thomas Bass, Jr. Derby Lib
16 June 1883 Timothy Healy Wexford Borough IPP
30 July 1883 Robert Henry Metge Meath Nat
21 August 1883 Hon. Gerard Noel Rutland Con
24 January 1884 William Holms Paisley Lib
12 February 1884 Charles Bradlaugh Northampton Con
12 February 1884 George Bentinck West Norfolk Con
20 February 1884 William Thackeray Marriott Brighton Lib
7 May 1884 Edmund Filmer Mid Kent Con
7 May 1884 Sir Henry Peek, Bt Mid Surrey Con
5 August 1884 John Carpenter Garnier South Devon Con
8 August 1884 John Aloysius Blake Waterford County HRL
24 October 1884 John George Dodson Scarborough Lib
19 February 1885 William Gore-Langton Mid Somerset Con
17 February 1886 Lord Richard Grosvenor Flintshire Lib
8 June 1886 William O'Shea Galway Borough Nat
25 September 1886 Edmund Leamy North East Cork IPP
30 April 1887 William Copeland Borlase St Austell Lib
4 July 1887 Sir James McGarel-Hogg, Bt Hornsey Con
5 July 1887 George Sclater-Booth North Hampshire Con
15 July 1887 Thomas Blake Forest of Dean Lib
8 September 1887 John O'Connor South Kerry IPP
7 February 1888 Charles Lacaita Dundee Lib
9 February 1888 Walter Shirley Shirley Doncaster Lib
3 March 1888 The Earl of March Chichester Lib
6 April 1888 Henry Joseph Gill Limerick City Lib
15 May 1888 John Edmund Commerell Southampton Con
8 November 1888 John Simon Dewsbury Lib
22 February 1889 John Slagg Burnley Lib
27 February 1889 Robert Gent-Davis Kennington Con
6 April 1889 Francis Hughes-Hallett Rochester Con
10 July 1889 Lord Charles Beresford Marylebone East Con
4 March 1890 William Leatham Bright Stoke-upon-Trent Lib
17 March 1890 Richard Ker East Down Con
26 March 1890 Robert Richardson-Gardner Windsor Con
12 June 1890 James Edward O'Doherty North Donegal IPP
4 July 1891 Charles William Selwyn Wisbech Con
12 December 1892 Jabez Balfour Burnley Lib
9 May 1893 Michael Davitt North East Cork INF
16 June 1893 John Morrogh South East Cork INF
4 August 1893 William Grenfell Hereford Lib
8 December 1893 William Thackeray Marriott Brighton Con
21 March 1894 John Philipps Mid Lanarkshire Lib
26 June 1894 Hon. Bernard Coleridge Sheffield Attercliffe Lib
17 August 1894 James Allanson Picton Leicester Lib
21 August 1894 Patrick Alexander Chance South Kilkenny INF
2 April 1895 Clement Higgins Mid Norfolk Lib
18 May 1895 Hon. Sidney Herbert Croydon Con
15 June 1895 William O'Brien Cork City INF
24 August 1895 Alfred Webb West Waterford INF
19 February 1896[19] Thomas Sexton North Kerry INF
24 April 1896 William Hunter Aberdeen North Lib
20 November 1896 Martin White Forfar Lib
16 January 1897 Alfred Wigram Romford Con
2 February 1897 Sir George Trevelyan, Bt Glasgow Bridgeton Lib
4 February 1897 Charles Harvey Combe Chertsey Con
5 February 1898 Alfred Hopkinson Cricklade LU
22 April 1898 Francis Taylor South Norfolk LU
2 July 1898 James Dampier Palmer Gravesend Con
21 July 1898 George Doughty Great Grimsby Lib
7 February 1899 William Kenrick Birmingham North LU
17 February 1899 Thomas Wayman Elland Lib
16 June 1899 Sir John Austin, Bt Osgoldcross Lib
1 July 1899 Robert Grant Webster St Pancras East Con
26 October 1899 Hon. Henry Northcote Exeter Con

1900 to 1949[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
26 January 1900[20] Lord Charles Beresford City of York Con Appointed Second-in-command of the Mediterranean Fleet.
27 January 1900[21] Bernard Collery North Sligo INF
14 March 1900 Evelyn Hubbard Brixton Con
11 December 1900 Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt Blackpool Con
9 January 1902[22] Edward Brodie Hoare Hampstead Con Ill health[23]
1 February 1902[24] Michael McCartan South Down IPP
7 February 1902[25] James Daly South Monaghan IPP resigned, owing chiefly to the refusal of the party leaders to publish the names of those members who were receiving payment from the Parliamentary fund and those who were not[26]
18 April 1902[27] Edwin Hughes Woolwich Con
7 October 1902 Cathcart Wason Orkney and Shetland LU Resigned to stand again as an Independent Liberal.
27 October 1902 Augustus Frederick Warr Liverpool East Toxteth Con
17 February 1903 William Edward Hartpole Lecky Dublin University LU
5 March 1903 Edward Archdale North Fermanagh Con
1 January 1904 William O'Brien Cork City AFIL
22 March 1904 J. E. B. Seely Isle of Wight Con
8 June 1904 John Lockie Plymouth Devonport Con
16 June 1904 John Arthur Fyler Chertsey Con Bankruptcy
11 February 1905 John Archibald Willox Liverpool Everton Con
28 June 1905 Arthur Hill West Down Con
19 March 1906 Henry Broadhurst Leicester Lib
7 May 1906 Frederick Rutherfoord Harris Dulwich Con
11 June 1906 Heneage Legge Westminster St George's Con
10 December 1906 Daniel Sheehan Mid Cork IPP
12 February 1907 Harold James Reckitt Brigg Con
1 May 1907 William Evans-Gordon Stepney Con
10 June 1907 Denis Joseph Cogan East Wicklow IPP
1 July 1907 James O'Mara South Kilkenny IPP
15 August 1907 Edward Blake South Longford Lib
22 January 1908 William Alexander McArthur St Austell Lib
22 February 1908 Harvey du Cros Hastings Con
23 April 1908 Henry Fowler Wolverhampton East Lib
28 April 1908 Edmund Robertson Dundee Lib
29 June 1908 John Philipps Pembrokeshire Lib
10 February 1909 John Sinclair Forfar Lib
27 March 1909 William O'Brien Cork City IPP
23 April 1909 J. Batty Langley Sheffield Attercliffe Lib
25 June 1909 Herbert Samuel Cleveland Lib
22 February 1910 Sir William Holland, Bt Rotherham Lib
20 February 1911 Thomas Fleming Wilson North East Lanarkshire Lib
15 March 1911 Lord Alwyne Compton Brentford Con
27 April 1911 Viscount Morpeth Birmingham South LU
28 June 1911 Thomas Ashton Luton Lib
4 July 1911 Sir Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood, Bt Wellington CU
5 July 1911 John Muldoon East Wicklow IPP
27 October 1911 Alfred Emmott Oldham Lib
8 March 1912 John Hendley Morrison Kirkwood South East Essex Con
13 March 1912 Sir James Rankin, Bt Leominster Con
16 May 1912 Horatio Bottomley Hackney South Lib
30 July 1912 George Kemp Manchester North West Lib
14 November 1912 George Lansbury Bow and Bromley Lab
5 February 1913 Lord Balniel Chorley Con
2 June 1913 Sir Henry Kimber, Bt Wandsworth Con
19 January 1914 William O'Brien Cork City AFIL
26 May 1914 Richard Hazleton North Galway IPP
7 July 1914 Austen Chamberlain East Worcestershire Con Resigned to contest Birmingham West
16 February 1915 Viscount Castlereagh Maidstone Con
3 December 1915 William Walker Widnes Con
16 December 1915 Charles Stuart-Wortley Sheffield Hallam Con
6 January 1916 Sir Alexander Henderson, Bt Westminster St George's Con
13 January 1916 Hon. Harry Levy-Lawson Mile End LU
22 February 1916 Robert Yerburgh City of Chester Con
24 February 1916 John Rolleston Hertford Con
6 March 1916 John William Logan Harborough Lib
8 April 1916 Henry Chaplin Wimbledon Con
7 August 1916 Reginald Pole-Carew Bodmin LU
10 October 1916 Felix Cassel St Pancras West Con
27 November 1916 The Earl of Ronaldshay Hornsey Con
16 December 1916 Charles Stuart-Wortley Sheffield Hallam Con
21 December 1916 Sir John Dewar, Bt Inverness-shire Lib
10 February 1917 The Marquess of Tullibardine West Perthshire Con
22 March 1917 Arthur Annesley Oxford Con
7 May 1917 Charles Henry Lyell Edinburgh South Lib
19 June 1917 Amelius Lockwood Epping Con
12 January 1918 Sir John Lonsdale, Bt Mid Armagh Con
14 March 1918 William Redmond East Tyrone IPP
12 June 1918 Denison Faber Clapham Con
4 November 1918 Timothy Michael Healy North East Cork AFIL
21 March 1919 Robert Chaine Alexander McCalmont East Antrim Con
22 October 1919 John Wilkinson Taylor Chester-le-Street Lab
29 October 1919 Hon. Waldorf Astor Plymouth Sutton Co Con
2 December 1919 Henry Forster Sevenoaks Co Con
8 February 1920 Will Crooks Woolwich East Lab
15 February 1920 Sydney Arnold Penistone Lab
9 March 1920 George Wardle Stockport Co Lab
25 March 1920 James Clyde Edinburgh North Co Con
7 July 1920 Robert Francis Peel Woodbridge Co Con
25 November 1920 William Brace Abertillery Lab
17 December 1920 Viscount Duncannon Dover Co Con
18 March 1921 Dennis Boles Taunton Co Con
15 April 1921 Lord Edmund Talbot Chichester Co Con
24 May 1921 Walter Long Westminster St George's Co Con
9 January 1922 Henry Newton Knights Camberwell North Co Con
27 February 1922 Thomas Brash Morison Inverness Co Lib
26 May 1922 Sir William Mount, Bt Newbury Co Con
27 November 1922 Herbert Cayzer Portsmouth South Co Con
13 February 1923 Thomas Worsfold Mitcham Co Con
15 February 1923 William Rutherford Liverpool Edge Hill Co Con
10 November 1923 Hon. Alexander Shaw Kilmarnock Lib
26 April 1924 Sir Robert Houston, Bt Liverpool West Toxteth Co Con
19 July 1924 Sir Ellis Ellis-Griffith, Bt Carmarthen Lib
25 May 1925 Sir John Baird, Bt Ayr Burghs Con
15 February 1926 Herbert Fisher Combined English Universities Lib
30 April 1926 Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett Hammersmith North Con
24 August 1926 Hon. Donald Howard North Cumberland Con
4 November 1926 Hon. Joseph Kenworthy Kingston upon Hull Central Lib
30 November 1926 John Davison Smethwick Lab
9 March 1927 Leslie Haden-Guest Southwark North Lab
9 June 1927 Sir Davison Dalziel, Bt Brixton Con
7 June 1928 Sir Alfred Mond, Bt Carmarthen Con
18 June 1928 Sir Rowland Blades, Bt Epsom Con
12 July 1929 William Jowitt Preston Lib
9 April 1930 Ernest Spero Fulham West Lab
17 June 1930 Noel Buxton North Norfolk Lab
3 February 1931 John Humphrey Davidson Fareham Con
16 February 1931 Hugh Morrison Salisbury Con
20 April 1931 Sidney Herbert Scarborough and Whitby Con
3 June 1931 John Tinné Liverpool Wavertree Con
4 April 1932 Newton Moore Richmond upon Thames Con
7 June 1932 Sir Robert Hutchinson Montrose Burghs N Lib
6 February 1933 George Herbert Rotherham Con
16 February 1934 Viscount Lymington Basingstoke Con
30 May 1934 Lord Erskine Weston-super-Mare Con
22 May 1935 John Buchan Combined Scottish Universities UP
9 July 1935 Hilton Young Sevenoaks Con
18 April 1936 Viscount Borodale Peckham Con
11 June 1936 James Henry Thomas Derby N Lab
19 October 1936 William Kirkpatrick Preston Con
14 January 1937 Ian Fraser St Pancras North Con
16 March 1937 Philip Russell Rendel Dunne Stalybridge and Hyde Con
25 May 1937 Robert Stevenon Horne Glasgow Hillhead UP
1 June 1937 Stanley Baldwin Bewdley Con
3 June 1937 Hon. Walter Runciman St Ives N Lib
26 October 1937 Lord Eustace Percy Hastings Con
28 November 1938 The Duchess of Atholl Kinross and Western Perthshire UP Resigned in protest of appeasement of Hitler.[28]
27 March 1939 Hon. Arthur Hope Birmingham Aston Con
1 July 1939 John Herbert Monmouth Con
6 November 1939 John Remer Macclesfield Con
24 January 1940 Sir Charles Barrie Southampton N Lib
29 January 1940 Alan Garrett Anderson City of London Con
8 February 1940 John Birchall Leeds North East Con
10 April 1940 Nicholas Grattan-Doyle Newcastle upon Tyne North Con
18 June 1940 Harry Nathan Wandsworth Central Lab
12 July 1940 Bernard Cruddas Wansbeck Con
18 September 1940 Thomas Sinclair Queen's University of Belfast UU
11 November 1940 Viscount Wolmer Aldershot Con
3 April 1941 Frederick Roberts West Bromwich Lab
11 July 1941 Sir Hugh Seely, Bt Berwick-upon-Tweed Lib
10 November 1941 Lord Erskine Con
25 February 1942 Sir Victor Warrender, Bt Grantham Con
9 April 1942 John Moore-Brabazon Wallasey Con
9 July 1942 Gordon Macdonald Ince Lab
14 January 1943 John Colville Midlothian and Peebles Northern Con
20 September 1943 Lord Burghley Peterborough Con
24 January 1944 Tom Kennedy Kirkcaldy Burghs Lab
7 February 1944 Cecil Wilson Sheffield Attercliffe Lab
26 February 1946 Ted Williams Ogmore Lab Appointed British High Commissioner to Australia[29]
24 May 1946 Francis Douglas Battersea North Lab Appointed Governor of Malta[30]
2 October 1946 Clarice Shaw Kilmarnock Lab Ill health[31]
16 October 1946 John Boyd Orr Combined Scottish Universities Ind Concentrating on work as Director General of the Food and Agriculture Organization
4 November 1946 Sir Douglas Thomson, Bt Aberdeen South Con Pressure of business[32]
3 November 1947 Sir Archibald Southby, Bt Epsom Con Ill health[33]
1 March 1948 Tom Williamson Brigg Lab Concentrating on work as General Secretary of the GMWU
2 July 1948 George Buchanan Glasgow Gorbals Lab Appointed Chairman of the National Assistance Board[34]
19 December 1949 Jack Lawson Chester-le-Street Lab Appointed Vice-Chairman of the National Parks Commission[35]

1950 to 1999[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
25 October 1950 Hon. Sir Stafford Cripps Bristol South East Lab Medical advice[36]
22 March 1951 Sir Ronald Ross, Bt Londonderry Con Appointed Agent of the Government of Northern Ireland in London
11 May 1951 Rhys Davies Westhoughton Lab Ill health[37]
8 October 1952 Hon. Sir Hugh O'Neill North Antrim Con Retiring[38]
21 January 1953 Sidney Schofield Barnsley Lab Personal and domestic reasons[39]
14 February 1953 Hon. Edward Carson Isle of Thanet Con Ill health[40]
3 June 1953 Peter Bennett Birmingham Edgbaston Con Created a peer[41]
27 October 1953 William J. Field Paddington North Lab Convicted of importuning for immoral purposes[42]
15 January 1954 Richard Law Haltemprice Con Resigned to become Baron Coleraine.[43]
12 February 1954 William Cuthbert Arundel and Shoreham Con Ill health[44]
3 October 1954 Sidney Marshall Sutton and Cheam Con Ill health[45]
28 November 1954 Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton Inverness Con Ill health; resigned to help economic development of the Highlands through private enterprise[46]
7 May 1956 Gerald Wellington Williams Tonbridge Con Ill health[47]
26 November 1956 Stanley Evans Wednesbury Lab Requested to resign by his Constituency Labour Party after supporting the Government over the Suez Crisis
2 May 1957 William Darling Edinburgh South Con Ill health[48]
8 November 1957 Victor Raikes Liverpool Garston Con Took up a business appointment in Southern Rhodesia[49]
18 April 1958 Angus Maude Ealing South Con Resigned to become Editor of The Sydney Morning Herald.[50]
1 June 1961 Hon. David Ormsby-Gore Oswestry Con Appointed British Ambassador to the United States.[51]
29 November 1961 Hilary Marquand Middlesbrough East Lab Appointed Director of the Institute of Labour Studies at the International Labour Office.[52]
22 January 1962 George Chetwynd Stockton-on-Tees Lab Appointed Director of the North East Development Council[53]
6 June 1963 John Profumo Stratford-on-Avon Con Confessed to lying to the House (the Profumo Affair)[54]
9 March 1964 Peter Smithers Winchester Con Appointed Secretary General of the Council of Europe[55]
24 June 1965 Anthony Marlowe Hove Con Medical advice
29 September 1967 William Roots Kensington South Con Ill health[56]
15 January 1968 Leslie Hale Oldham West Lab Ill health[57]
6 February 1969 William Teeling Brighton Pavilion Con Ill health
7 March 1969 Francis Noel-Baker Swindon Lab Ill health[58]
11 January 1971 Horace King Southampton Itchen Lab Retiring Speaker of the House of Commons
30 March 1972 Ray Gunter Southwark Ind Had left Labour Party; decided it would be improper to remain as an Independent having been elected as Labour[59]
29 December 1972 George Thomson Dundee East Lab Appointed a European Commissioner
1 June 1973 Antony Lambton Berwick-upon-Tweed Con Prostitution scandal
27 August 1976 John Stonehouse Walsall North Lab Co-op Convicted on 18 counts of theft and fraud, sentenced to seven years' imprisonment
12 November 1976 David Lane Cambridge Con Appointed Chairman of the Commission for Racial Equality[60]
5 January 1977 Roy Jenkins Birmingham Stechford Lab Appointed President of the European Commission
16 June 1977 Brian Walden Birmingham Ladywood Lab In order to become a broadcast journalist on Weekend World
6 April 1978 Peter Rawlinson Epsom and Ewell Con Retiring from the Commons; was made a life peer[61]
24 October 1979 Geoffrey Dodsworth South West Hertfordshire Con Medical advice
1 November 1982 Robert Mellish Bermondsey Ind Left the Labour Party in opposition to the selection of his successor; resigned to become Vice-Chairman of the London Docklands Development Corporation[62]
17 December 1985 James Molyneaux Lagan Valley UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 Roy Beggs East Antrim UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 Harold McCusker Armagh UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 William Ross Londonderry UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 John Taylor Strangford UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 James Kilfedder North Down UPUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 Jim Nicholson Newry and Armagh UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
17 December 1985 William McCrea Mid Ulster DUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[63]
24 June 1986 John Golding Newcastle-under-Lyme Lab Elected General Secretary of the National Communications Union[64]
18 October 1988 Bruce Millan Glasgow Govan Lab Appointed a European Commissioner[65]
18 May 1989 Stuart Holland Vauxhall Lab In order to take up a lectureship at the European University Institute
20 January 1995 Neil Kinnock Islwyn Lab Appointed a European Commissioner[66]
28 June 1999 Alastair Goodlad Eddisbury Con Appointed British High Commissioner to Australia[67]

2000 to present[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
23 October 2000 Betty Boothroyd West Bromwich West SPE Retiring Speaker of the House of Commons[68]
22 June 2004 Terry Davis Birmingham Hodge Hill Lab Appointed Secretary-General of the Council of Europe
27 June 2007 Tony Blair Sedgefield Lab Appointed Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East[69]
18 June 2008 David Davis Haltemprice and Howden Con Seeking re-election in protest to the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008.[70]
8 June 2009[71] Ian Gibson Norwich North Lab Alleged misuse of allowances led to his being ruled ineligible for selection as a Labour candidate by an NEC panel;[72]
13 January 2010[73] Iris Robinson Strangford DUP Ill health; followed allegations about her personal life[74]
8 February 2011 Eric Illsley Barnsley Central Lab Pleaded guilty to false accounting in relation to claims for parliamentary expenses[75]
2 March 2012[76] Marsha Singh Bradford West Lab Ill health[77]
22 October 2012[78] Alun Michael Cardiff South and Penarth Lab Resigned to contest Police and Crime Commissioner election for South Wales Police Force Area[79]
5 November 2012[80] Denis MacShane Rotherham Lab Resigned after the Standards and Privileges Committee of the House of Commons recommended that he be suspended from the service of the House for six months, for knowingly submitting false invoices.
5 February 2013[81] Chris Huhne Eastleigh Lib Dem Resigned after pleading guilty to perverting the course of justice
30 April 2014[82] Patrick Mercer Newark Ind Elected as Conservative, but had resigned the whip at the commencement of investigations on 31 May 2013.[83] Resigned after the Standards Committee of the House of Commons agreed a report recommending he be suspended from the service of the House for six months for breaking the rule against paid advocacy.
30 September 2014[84] Mark Reckless Rochester and Strood Con Resigned in order to seek re-election as a UKIP candidate.
9 May 2016[85] Sadiq Khan Tooting Lab Resigned after being elected as Mayor of London.
26 October 2016[86][87] Zac Goldsmith Richmond Park Con Seeking re-election having pledged to do so should the Government endorse a third runway at Heathrow Airport.
23 January 2017[88] Tristram Hunt Stoke-on-Trent Central Lab Appointed director of the Victoria and Albert Museum.
16 January 2018[89] Barry McElduff West Tyrone SF Resigned after becoming embroiled in a social media controversy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General

Specific

  1. ^ a b c "The Chiltern Hundreds" (PDF). Factsheet P11 Procedure Series. House of Commons Information Office. August 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Department of Information Services (14 January 2010). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850" (PDF). House of Commons Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h House Of Commons, Great Britain. Parliament (1878). Parliamentary papers. Volume 62, Part 2. 
  4. ^ "No. 16275". The London Gazette. 11 July 1809. p. 1101. 
  5. ^ "No. 19359". The London Gazette. 23 February 1836. p. 358. 
  6. ^ "No. 19499". The London Gazette. 30 May 1837. p. 1373. 
  7. ^ "No. 21006". The London Gazette. 7 August 1849. p. 2451. 
  8. ^ "No. 21125". The London Gazette. 9 August 1850. p. 2183. 
  9. ^ Norgate, G. Le G. (2004). "Oxford DNB article: Quin, Edwin Richard Windham Wyndham (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 December 2008. 
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  19. ^ In the House of Commons Information Office publication Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850 Archived 6 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Thomas Sexton is recorded as having taken the Chiltern Hundreds on 19 February 1895. However, this appears to be an error. The London Gazette lists him as having been returned for North Kerry at the general election in August 1895 (see London Gazette, Issue 26651 published on 9 August 1895, and the writ for the by-election was moved in April 1896 (see House of Commons Debates 14 April 1896 vol 39 c882). The date of his resignation is therefore listed here as 19 February 1896, rather than 1895.
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  43. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Law, Richard Kidston (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2009. 
  44. ^ "Conservative M.P.s' Resignations", The Times, 17 February 1954, p. 8.
  45. ^ "Chiltern Hundreds for Sir Sidney Marshall", The Times, 6 October 1954, p. 6.
  46. ^ "M.P. for Inverness to Resign", The Times, 3 December 1954, p. 8.
  47. ^ "Conservative M.P. To Resign", The Times, 28 April 1956, p. 6.
  48. ^ "Sir William Darling Resigns Seat", The Times, 4 May 1957, p 4.
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  58. ^ "Swindon MP resigns his seat", The Times, 8 March 1969, p. 1.
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  65. ^ "– NEWSNIGHT – Michael Crick's Blog – Hoon Madness". British Broadcasting Corporation. 24 September 08. Retrieved 24 January 2009.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  66. ^ "Neil Kinnock 1983–92 – The Labour History Group". The Labour History Group. 4 March 2007. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  67. ^ "– Vote 2001 – Results and Constituencies – Eddisbury". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  68. ^ "– Speaker Betty Boothroyd to retire". British Broadcasting Corporation. 12 July 2000. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  69. ^ "– Politics – Blair resigns as Prime Minister". British Broadcasting Corporation. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
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  72. ^ "Gibson barred from standing again". BBC News website. 2 June 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2009. 
  73. ^ "Three Hundreds of Chiltern" (Press release). HM Treasury. 13 January 2010. Archived from the original on 7 April 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  74. ^ "Iris Robinson formally resigns as Strangford MP" BBC News, 11 January 2010
  75. ^ "Expenses fraud Barnsley Central MP Eric Illsley resigns" (Press release). BBC. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  76. ^ "Three Hundreds of Chiltern" (Press release). HM Treasury. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  77. ^ Cowburn, Dolores (1 March 2012). "Bradford MP Marsha Singh to quit". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. 
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  79. ^ "Tony Lloyd and Alun Michael quit Commons to fight police election". BBC. 22 October 2012. 
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  82. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  83. ^ "MP Patrick Mercer quits Tory whip over Panorama lobbying inquiry". BBC News. 
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  85. ^ "Sadiq Khan resigns as MP for Tooting". UK Parliament. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  86. ^ "No. 61749". The London Gazette. 2 November 2016. p. 23224. 
  87. ^ "Zac Goldsmith resigns as MP for Richmond Park". News from Parliament. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  88. ^ "Three Hundreds of Chiltern: Tristram Hunt". 23 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  89. ^ "Three Hundreds of Chiltern: Barry McElduff". 16 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.