List of Stradivarius instruments

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This is a list of Stradivarius string instruments made by members of the house of Antonio Stradivari.

Stradivarius instruments[edit]

Violins[edit]

This list has 248 entries.

Sobriquet Year Provenance Notes
ex-Sachs 1666 Madame Sachs Historically important and one of the earliest known violins by Stradivari. In 2008 for sale by Poesis Fine Instruments.[1]
Back[2] 1666 Fridart Foundation
Dubois 1667 Canimex Inc. On loan to Alexandre Da Costa.[3]
Aranyi 1667 Francis Aranyi (collector) Sold at Sotheby's London, 12 November 1986.[4]
ex-Captain Saville 1667 Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume
Captain Saville (1901–1907)
Currently on loan to André Rieu.[5]
Amatese 1668 Though listed in many reference books as one of Stradivari's earliest instruments, the modern consensus is that it is not a Stradivarius; it was sold at Sotheby's New York on 3 February 1982 as "an interesting violin".[6]
Clisbee 1669 Mrs. Clisbee On exhibition at Museo del Violino, Cremona, Italy, since 2003.[7]
Oistrakh 1671 Queen Elisabeth of Belgium
Glinka Museum, Moscow
Previously owned by David Oistrakh, who inherited it in 1969 under the will of Queen Elisabeth. He never performed with this instrument, constructed in the Nicola Amati style, because of the short scale, uncomfortable for his hand. Oistrakh's widow presented the violin to the Glinka Museum.[8] It was stolen in May 1996, but recovered in 2001.[9]
Sellière 1672 Charles IV of Spain
Spanish; ex-Faltin 1678 Finnish Cultural Foundation On loan to Elina Vähälä.[10] In 2011 it was revealed that the instrument was actually made by Girolamo Amati.[11]
Hellier 1679 Sir Samuel Hellier Smithsonian Institution
Paganini-Desaint 1680 Nippon Music Foundation[12] This violin, and the Paganini-Conte Cozio di Salabue violin of 1727, the Paganini-Mendelssohn viola 1731 and the Paganini-Ladenburg cello of 1736, comprise the Paganini Quartet; the foundation owns more than a dozen Stradivari instruments. On loan to Florian Schötz from Goldmund Quartet.
1680 The collection of Mr & Mrs Rin Kei Mei.
1681 Reynier and Count de Lachenais Presumably presented by Napoleon III to the French violinist Léon Reynier, who sold it to Count de Lachenais of Marseilles in 1881. By the intermediary of Albert Caressa, it became part of the collection of John Wanamaker in 1924, when it was acquired by the Rudolph Wurlitzer Co. in 1929. Its last known owner was Miles Franklin Yount. Reynier also owned a 1727 violin (see below).[13]
Fleming 1681
Bucher 1683 On loan to Alma Deutscher since 2019. The loan is administered by the Tarisio Trust.
Derpinina 1683
Cipriani Potter 1683 Cipriani Potter
Cobbett; ex-Holloway 1683 On loan to Sejong, brokered by the Stradivari Society.[14]
ex-Croall 1684 WestLB
ex-Elphinstone 1684 Owned since 2005 by Philip Greenberg, artistic director and conductor of the Kiev Philharmonic in the Ukraine.
The Marquis 1685 Marchese Spinola
Mark Kaplan
ex-Arma Senkrah 1685 The Ruggeri – Stiftung On loan to Bogdan Bozovic.
ex-Castelbarco 1685
Eugenie, ex-Mackenzie 1685 anonymous On loan to Swang Lin, associate concertmaster, Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra.[15]
ex-Nachez 1686 Dr. Winfred and Mr. John Constable.[16]
Rosenheim 1686 William Rosenheim.[17]
Goddard 1686 Miss Goddard; Antonio Fortunato.[18]
Ex Bello, Marie Law 1687
  • c. 1875: from George Parsons to Hart & Son (London)
  • c. 1900: John Lawson (Liverpool)
  • c. 1910: Anonymous, lent to Marie Law
  • 1921: Robert A. Bower (Somerset, UK)
  • 1924: Rudolph Wurlitzer Company (Cincinnati, Ohio)
  • 1927: J. Mariano Bello (Mexico)
  • 1997: Anonymous
  • 2012: Italian collector from Rare Violins New York auction
On loan to Maristella Patuzzi.[19] The Stradivari was used to record the Decca album Intimamente Tango (2015, No. 481 1489) and a new Violin concerto by Manuel De Sica published by Brilliant Classics (2014, No. 94905).
Ole Bull 1687 Ole Bull (1844)
Dr. Herbert Axelrod (1985–1997)
Donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1997 by Herbert R. Axelrod; now part of the Axelrod quartet.
Mercur-Avery 1687 On loan to Jonathan Carney, concertmaster of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra since 2002.
1688 The collection of Mr & Mrs Rin Kei Mei.
Baumgartner 1689 Canada Council for the Arts On loan to Emma Meinrenken until 2021.[20]
Arditi 1689 Dextra musica AS, Norway On loan to Elise Båtnes, concertmaster of the Oslo Philharmonic.
Spanish I 1689? Patrimonio Nacional, Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain.[21][22] Part of a duo of violins (Spanish I and II) referred to as los Decorados and los Palatinos; also collectively known as del Cuarteto Real (The Royal Quartet) when included with the Spanish Court viola (1696) and cello (1694).
Spanish II 1689? Patrimonio Nacional, Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain.[21][22] Part of a duo of violins (Spanish I and II) referred to as los Decorados and los Palatinos; also collectively known as del Cuarteto Real (The Royal Quartet) when included with the Spanish Court viola (1696) and cello (1694).
Ex-Leopold Auer 1690 On loan to Vadim Gluzman brokered by the Stradivari Society.[14]
Bingham 1690
Theodor 1690 Named after its first known owner.
Boissier-Sarasate 1690 Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid Named after its owner, this violin is one of two Stradivarius instruments which previously belonged to Navarrese musician Pablo de Sarasate.[23]
Ex-Ries 1691 Reinhold Würth Music Foundation On loan to József Lendvay Jr. since 2008.
Bennett 1692 Winterthur-Versicherungen On loan to Hanna Weinmeister.
Falmouth 1692 Gert-Jan Kramer.[24] On loan to Alex Kerr, Concertmaster, Dallas Symphony Orchestra.
Queux de Saint-Hilaire ca.1692 Musée de la Musique, Paris Long-pattern (longuet). Donated in 1890. On display at the museum.[25]
Gould 1693 George Gould.[26] Bequeathed by Gould to the Metropolitan Museum in 1955.
Harrison 1693
In the collection of the National Music Museum.[27]
Baillot-Pommerau 1694b Formerly owned by Arthur Catterall, then by Alfredo Campoli.[28]
ex-Halíř or Strad Halir 1694 1694
Karel Halíř premiered with this instrument the new version of Sibelius's Violin Concerto on 19 October 1905, with Richard Strauss conducting the Berlin Court Orchestra.
Francesca 1694 Metropolitan Museum of Art Bequest of Annie Bolton Matthews Bryant, 1933.[29]
Rutson 1694 Royal Academy of Music Played by Clio Gould.[30]
Fetzer 1695
Lincoln 1695 Bequeathed to the people of Lincoln in 1970 by Mrs. Dudley Pelham on condition that it be loaned to the Hallé Orchestra for the use of their leader.[31]
1696 Owned by Korean-born classical musician, Min-Jin Kym. It was stolen at Euston Station in London in 2010, but recovered in 2013 and was auctioned for £1.38M[32][33][34] to English violinist Andrew Bernardi.
Paganini 1697 Edvin Marton Dima Bilan, together with Evgeni Plushenko and Edvin Marton playing his Stradivarius, won the Eurovision Song Contest 2008.[35]
Molitor[36] 1697
  • Madame Juliette Récamier, Paris (?–1804)
  • Count Gabriel-Jean-Joseph Molitor, Paris (1804–1849)
  • Molitor family (1849–1917)
  • J. Mazeran, Paris (1917–1923)
  • The Curtis Institute, Philadelphia (1929–1936)
  • R. A. Bower, Somerset (1937–1957)
  • Muriel Anderson, Londonderry (1957–1989)
  • Elmar Oliveira (1989–1994)
  • Albert Stern (1994–2010)[37][38]
  • Anne Akiko Meyers (2010–)[39]
Thought to previously belong to Napoleon Bonaparte. Sold by Tarisio Auctions for $3,600,000, a new world record,[40] until the Lady Blunt was sold on 20 June 2011.
Cecilia C A (Capitulum Agriense) 1697 Owned by Zelnik István Southeast Asian Gold Museum from 2011, and loaned to Katalin Kokas for five years.[41] Johann Ladislaus Pyrker, 1827; an unknown Protestant or Jewish religious identity, 1945; Aranymúzeum, 2011
Cabriac 1698
Baron Knoop 1698 One of eleven Stradivari violins associated with Baron Johann Knoop.
Joachim-Kortschak-Field 1698 Owned by Joseph Joachim 1886–1898, Hugo Kortschak 1925 and Joan Field 1958–1968.
Duc de Camposelice 1699 Cho-Liang Lin
Lady Tennant; Lafont 1699 Charles Phillipe Lafont
Marguerite Agaranthe Tennant
On loan to Xiang Gao brokered by the Stradivari Society;[14] sold at Christie's auction US$2.032 million, April 2005.[42]
Countess Polignac 1699 On loan to Gil Shaham.
Castelbarco 1699 United States Library of Congress Presented by Gertrude Clarke Whittall.[43]
Kustendyke 1699 Royal Academy of Music
Crespi 1699 Fridart Foundation
Berger 1700
Currently in possession of Bein & Fushi Violins.[44]
ex-Berglund 1699 Finnish Cultural Foundation (Suomen Kulttuurirahasto) Previously owned by conductor Paavo Berglund. Purchased from Berglund's estate by the Finnish Cultural Foundation in June 2012.[45] On loan to Antti Tikkanen.[46]
The Penny 1700 Barbara Penny
Dragonetti 1700 Nippon Music Foundation[12] Formerly owned by Alfredo Campoli, now played by Veronika Eberle.
Jupiter 1700 Giovanni Battista Viotti Owned and played since 1964 by Arnold Belnick, Los Angeles, California.
Taft; ex-Emil Heermann 1700 Canada Council for the Arts On loan to Nikki Chooi[47] who was from 2009–2012 the recipient of the Council's 1729 Guarneri, now on loan to Chooi's younger brother Timothy Chooi.[48]
Ward 1700 United States Library of Congress Presented by Gertrude Clarke Whittall.[49]
Deveault 1701 Guy and Maryse Deveault On loan to Alexandre Da Costa
Dushkin 1701 On loan to Dennis Kim, concertmaster, Pacific Symphony.
Markees 1701 Music Chamber of Hong Kong
Brodsky 1702
Named after Adolph Brodsky who premiered Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto on this violin on December 4, 1881. On loan to Kirill Troussov since 2006. Previously played by Adolf Brodsky, Alexander Schneider and Isidore Cohen.
Irish 1702 Pohjola Bank Art Foundation, Finland On loan to Rebecca Roozeman.[50]
Conte de Fontana; ex-Oistrakh 1702 Pro Canale Foundation Loaned to Pavel Berman.[51] Previously owned by David Oistrakh (1959–1966). After the 1736 Yusupov it was his second Strad, bought in Paris in 1959 and traded in 1966 for the 1705 Marsick.[8]
Lukens; Edler; Voicu 1702 A. W. Lukens

Charles Edler
Ion Voicu
Romania Culture Ministry

On loan to Alexandru Tomescu until 2023.[52][53]
Lord Borwick 1702
  • Lord Borwick
  • Janos Szanto, 1945
  • Dr Eugenio Sturchio
  • Dr. Marcus Ossre
  • Dorothy B. Cooper, 1963[54]
King Maximilian Joseph 1702
  • Maximilian Joseph III of Bavaria, 1745–77
  • King Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria, 1799–1825
  • King Ludwig II of Bavaria, 1864
  • Franz Rampftler (Munich), 1886
  • von Knörzinger and his family, 1920–23
  • Hug & Co., 1923
  • Hamma & Co. (Stuttgart)
  • Marc E. Maartens (Kew Gardens)
  • Victor Mannheimer, 1925–28
  • Mannheimer family, 1928–61
  • Rembert Wurlitzer Inc., 1961
  • Irving Levick (Buffalo), 1961–98
  • Anonymous Stradivari Society Patron
  • Anonymous group of investors, 2007[55][56]
Lifetime loan to Berent Korfker.[56]
Lyall 1702
Antonio Stradivari 1703 Bundesrepublik Deutschland Exhibited at Musikinstrumentenmuseum, Berlin.[57]
La Rouse Boughton 1703 Oesterreichische Nationalbank[58] On loan to Boris Kuschnir of the Kopelman Quartet.
Lord Newlands 1702 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Suyoen Kim.[59]
Allegretti 1703
Alsager 1703
Lady Harmsworth 1703 Paul Bartel On loan to Kristóf Baráti by arrangement with the Stradivarius Society of Chicago.[60]
Emiliani 1703 Anne-Sophie Mutter
Aurora, ex-Foulis 1703 On loan to Karen Gomyo.[61]
ex-Liebig 1704 Baron Liebig
Wolfgang Schneiderhan
Rony Rogoff
Owned by Baron Liebig from 1911; Owned by Wolfgang Schneiderhan from 1952–1991; Owned by Rony Rogoff (1991–2004)[62] Currently owned by Dkfm Angelika Prokopp Privatstiftung,[62] on loan to Julian Rachlin.[63]
Betts 1704 United States Library of Congress Presented by Gertrude Clarke Whittall.[64]
Gleni 1704
Sleeping Beauty 1704 Landeskreditbank Baden-Württemberg – Förderbank (L-Bank) On loan to Isabelle Faust. One of the few Stradivari violins to have retained its original neck.
Prince Obolensky 1704 On loan to Esther Yoo.
Baron von der Leyen 1705 Private owner Auctioned by Tarisio on 26 April 2012 for $2.6 million.[65]
ex-Marsick; ex-Oistrakh 1705 David Fulton Previously owned by David Oistrakh (1966–1974), acquired in trade for the 1702 Conte di Fontana.[8] Currently on loan to James Ehnes.[66]
ex-Tadolini 1706 The collection of Mr & Mrs Rin Kei Mei.
ex-Brüstlein 1707 Oesterreichische Nationalbank[58]
La Cathédrale 1707 Nigel Kennedy
ex-Prihoda 1707 Luz Leskowitz Previously owned by Czech violinist Váša Příhoda, teacher of Luz Leskowitz.[67]
Hammer 1707 Christian Hammer (collector) Sold at Christie's New York on 16 May 2006 for a record US$3,544,000 (€2,765,080) after five minutes of bidding.[68][69]
1707 Russian State Collection, Glinka State Central Museum of Musical Culture, Moscow.[70]
Davidoff 1708 Musée de la Musique, Paris Bequeathed to the museum in 1887.
Tua 1708 Musée de la Musique, Paris Donated to the museum in 1935.
Burstein; Bagshawe 1708 Owned by the Jacobs family, loaned to Jeff Thayer, San Diego Symphony concertmaster.
Huggins 1708 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to the most recent winner of the Queen Elisabeth Competition for violin, currently Stella Chen winner of the 2019 edition.[71]
Regent 1708 Owned by the Fridart Foundation.
Ruby 1708 On loan to Chen Xi brokered by the Stradivari Society.[14]
Strauss 1708 On loan to Clara-Jumi Kang brokered by the Stradivari Society.[14]
Greffuhle 1709 Donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1997 by Herbert R. Axelrod. Now part of the Axelrod quartet.
Berlin Hochschule 1709
ex-Hämmerle; ex-Adler 1709 Oesterreichische Nationalbank[58] On loan to Rainer Honeck.
Ernst 1709 Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, circa 1850–1865
Wilma Neruda, 1872
On loan to Dénes Zsigmondy through 2003.
Engleman 1709 Nippon Music Foundation.[12] On loan to Benjamin Beilman
King Maximilian; Unico 1709 Axel Springer Foundation On loan to Michel Schwalbé, concertmaster of the Berlin Philharmonic (1966–1986);[72] reported stolen in 1999.[73]
Viotti; ex-Bruce 1709 Royal Academy of Music Allocated to the Royal Academy of Music after acquisition by HM Government in July 2005 in lieu of inheritance tax, with additional funding from the National Heritage Memorial Fund, National Art Collections Fund, J & A Beare, The Belmont Trust, Nigel Brown, members of the Bruce family, Albert Frost CBE, Elizabeth Insall, Ian Stoutzker OBE, Old Possum's Practical Trust, BBC Two's The Culture Show and anonymous donors.
ex-Nachéz 1709
until 1900 Tivador Nachèz
1900–1929 Kurt Vogel
1929–1930 Emil Herrmann
from 1930 Dr. Albert Sommer
Previously played by Elisabetta Garetti. Now played by Roman Simovic, Leader of the London Symphony Orchestra, courtesy of Jonathan Moulds, Chair of the LSO Advisory Council.[74][75]
Marie Hall 1709 Giovanni Battista Viotti
Chimei Museum
Named after violinist Marie Hall.
ex-Kempner 1709 On loan to Soovin Kim.
La Pucelle 1709 Huguette Clark[76]
David L. Fulton[76]
Parisian dealer Jean Baptiste Vuillaume took it apart in the 19th century and added a tailpiece with a carving of Joan of Arc, the virgin warrior known as La Pucelle.[23]
Camposelice 1710 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Svetlin Roussev.
Lord Dunn-Raven 1710 Anne-Sophie Mutter
ex-Roederer 1710 On loan to David Grimal. (Owned by Ayla Erduran for 37 years).
ex-Vieuxtemps 1710 Purchased 1900 by Leopold Geissmar, a lawyer and amateur musician in Mannheim. His daughter Berta had it in 1944.[77] Not to be confused with the Vieuxtemps-Hauser violin on loan to Samuel Magad, concertmaster 1972–2007, Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
Dancla 1710 Toshiya Eto
Davis 1710 Mr. and Mrs. William S. Davis On loan to Michael Shih, concertmaster, Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra.[78]
1710 Russian State Collection, Glinka Museum, Moscow.[79]
The Antonius 1711 Metropolitan Museum of Art Bequest of Annie Bolton Matthews Bryant, 1933.[80]
the Lady Inchiquin 1711 Previously owned by Fritz Kreisler. Played by Frank Peter Zimmermann, a German banking company WestLB AG bought it for his use.[81]
Earl of Plymouth; Kreisler 1711 Los Angeles Philharmonic[82] Found in a storeroom on the estate of the Earl of Plymouth along with The Messiah and Alard violins in 1925; purchased by Fritz Kreisler in 1928 and subsequently sold by him in 1946.[83]
Liegnitz 1711 Previously owned by Szymon Goldberg.
Viotti 1712 Giovanni Battista Viotti
Henry Hottinger Collection
Owned since 1965 by Isaac Hurwitz.
Le Fountaine 1712 This is a 'Violino piccolo' from 1712 – slightly shorter than a regular violin, measuring 475mm from top to bottom, 100mm shorter than a regular instrument.[23]
Le Brun 1712
  • Niccolò Paganini
  • Charles Lebrun
  • Boutillier Family
  • Until 1893 Chardon et Fils
  • From 1893 Vincenzo Sighicelli
  • From 1922 Otto Senn
  • From 2008 Anonymous concert violinist
Sold at Sotheby's auction on 13 November 2001. From November 2015 to January 2016 was on loan to Kiril Laskarov, concertmaster of the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra.[84]
Karpilowsky 1712 Harry Solloway Missing: stolen in 1953 from Solloway's residence in Los Angeles.[85]
Schreiber 1713
Antonio Stradivari 1713
Boissier-Sarasate 1713 Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid Sarasate legancy 1909
Daniel 1713 On loan to Juan Pablo Reynoso
Sancy 1713 Ivry Gitlis
Gibson; ex-Huberman 1713 Stolen twice from Huberman.
Lady Ley 1713 Stradivarius family Owned by Jue Yao, Chinese violinist.
Wirth 1713
Dolphin; Delfino 1714 Jascha Heifetz
Nippon Music Foundation[12]
On loan to Akiko Suwanai. Named the "Dolphin" in the 19th century by George Hart, because the back of the violin, with its shape and its shimmering colour, reminded him of a dolphin. Estimated value 4 million euros.
Soil 1714
ex-Berou; ex-Thibaud 1714 Jacques Thibaud Previously owned by David Oistrakh (his first Stradivarius, bought in the US in 1956).[86]
Le Maurien 1714 Missing: stolen 2002.[87]
Leonora Jackson 1714 William Sloan Collection
Massart 1714 Lambert Massart
György Pauk
Sinsheimer; General Kyd; Perlman 1714 Itzhak Perlman
David L. Fulton
Formerly loaned to Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg
Smith-Quersin 1714 Oesterreichische Nationalbank[58] On loan to Rainer Honeck, the Vienna Philharmonic leader.
Alard-Baron Knoop 1715 Juan Luis Prieto Named for French violinist Jean-Delphin Alard. Sold at auction in 1981 to a collector in Singapore for $1.2 million.[23]
Baron Knoop; ex-Bevan 1715 David L. Fulton
ex-Bazzini 1715 On loan to Matteo Fedeli.[88]
Cremonese; ex-Harold; Joseph Joachim 1715 Joseph Joachim
Municipality of Cremona
On exhibition at Museo del Violino, Cremona, Italy.[7]
Emperor 1715
  • George Haddock (1876–1907)
  • Edgar Haddock (1907–1910)
  • Jan Kubelík
Sold to Jan Kubelík in 1910 for £10,000.
Duke of Cambridge; ex-Pierre Rode 1715 Formerly loaned to Ryu Goto.[89]
Joachim 1715 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Angelo Xi Yu[90]
Lipiński 1715 Giuseppe Tartini On loan to Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra concertmaster, Frank Almond.[91] Stolen in an armed robbery on 27 January 2014[92] and subsequently recovered.[93]
Marsick 1715 James Ehnes
Titian 1715 Cho-Liang Lin
Ex Adolf Busch 1716 Owned by David Garrett since 2010.
Cessole 1716
Berthier 1716 Baron Vecsey de Vecse
Fondazione Pro Canale[94]
On loan to Anna Tifu[95]
Booth 1716 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Arabella Steinbacher; formerly loaned to Shunsuke Sato; formerly loaned to Julia Fischer.[12]
Colossus 1716 Luigi Alberto Bianchi[96] Missing; stolen in Rome, Italy, in November 1998.[97]
Duranti 1716 On loan to Mariko Senju since 2002.[98]
Milstein ex Goldman 1716 Nathan Milstein Sold by Charles Beare and the Milstein Family to Jerry Kohl.
Monasterio 1716 Ruggiero Ricci Named after violinist and composer Jesús de Monasterio.[99] Cyrus Forough.
Provigny 1716 Musée de la Musique, Paris Bequeathed to the Museum in 1909.
Messiah-Salabue 1716 Ashmolean Museum Oxford On exhibition at the Oxford Ashmolean Museum; made from the same tree as a P.G. Rogeri violin of 1710.[100]It is considered to be the only remaining Stradivarius violin in as new state.
ex-Windsor-Weinstein; Fite 1716 Canada Council for the Arts On loan to Timothy Chooi.[47]
Baron Wittgenstein 1716 The Bulgarian state Formerly owned by John Corigliano Sr. (former concertmaster of the New York Philharmonic). On loan to Mincho Minchev since 1979.
Gariel 1717 Luigi Tarisio sold the ‘Gariel’ Stradivarius to another famous violin dealer, Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, who in turn sold it to the eminent French engineer, physician and founder member of the Academy of Science in Paris, Charles-Marie Gariel, the instrument’s namesake. Gariel likely sold it on shortly before his death in 1924.

Jaime Laredo

Owned by Jonathan Moulds, Chair of the LSO Advisory Council.[74] Played by Nicola Benedetti
ex-Wieniawski 1717
ex-Baumgartner 1717 Lucerne Festival Strings On loan to Daniel Dodds.
Toenniges 1717 Strad with the Vuillaume Back
Lawrence Welk
Dick Kesner
Dick Kesner
Paul Toenniges (Studio City, California)
Kochanski 1717 Pierre Amoyal
Paweł Kochański
Stolen in 1987; recovered in 1991.[101]
Sasserno 1717 Nippon Music Foundation.[12] Loaned to Viviane Hagner until 2012. Loaned to Alina Pogostkina.[12] On loan to Ji Young Lim
Maurin 1718 Royal Academy of Music, London, Rutson Bequest
Viotti; ex-Rosé 1718 Giovanni Battista Viotti
Oesterreichische Nationalbank[58]
On loan to Volkhard Steude
Chanot-Chardon 1718 Timothy Baker
Joshua Bell
Shaped like a guitar;[102] on loan to Simone Lamsma.
Firebird; ex-Saint Exupéry 1718 Salvatore Accardo Named for the colouration of the varnish, and for the instrument's brilliant sound.
Marquis de Rivière 1718 Daniel Majeske Played by Majeske while concertmaster of the Cleveland Orchestra from 1969–1993.
San Lorenzo 1718 Georg Talbot Played by David Garrett.[103]
ex-Count Vieri 1718 The collection of Mr & Mrs Rin Kei Mei.
Lauterbach 1719 Johann Christoph Lauterbach
J.B. Vuillaume
Charles Philippe Lafont[104]
Zahn 1719 LVMH
Wieniawski, Bower 1719 Benz Mercedes Zurich Loan to Klaidi Sahatci, Tonhalle Orchester Zurich Concertmaster.
Malakh 1719 Dr. L. Looby Malakh House. Last played 1946.
Woolhouse 1720 Played by Rudolf Koelman.
ex-Bavarian 1720 Metropolitan Museum of Art [105]
Madrileño 1720
von Beckerath 1720 Michael Antonello
ex-Thibaud 1720 Jacques Thibaud Destroyed in the crash of Air France Flight 178 on 1 September 1953.
Sinsheimer; Iselin 1721 Stolen in Hanover, Germany in 2008; recovered in 2009.[106]
Lady Blunt 1721 Nippon Music Foundation.[12][107] Named for Lady Anne Blunt, daughter of Ada Lovelace and granddaughter of Lord Byron). The Lady Blunt was last sold at London auction house Tarisio on 20 June 2011 for £9,808,000 (US$15.9 million), with proceeds going to the Nippon Foundation's Northeastern Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Relief Fund.[108][109]
Jean-Marie Leclair 1721 Jean-Marie Leclair On loan to Guido Rimonda.[110]
Red Mendelssohn 1720 Inspiration for the 1998 film, The Red Violin Formerly part of the von Mendelssohn family quartet of Stradivari's in Berlin.
Birsou 1721 Formerly owned by Metropolitan Museum of Art. Joan Field, an American violinist (1915–1988) also known as one of its owners, played the Birsou from 1921 to 1929. In 2002, Joshua Bell recorded O'mio Babbino Caro on the Birsou.
The MacMillan 1721 Tossy Spivakovsky Loaned to Ray Chen through Young Concert Artists from 2008 to 2012; on loan to Ning Feng through Premiere Performances of Hong Kong (2012–present).[111]
Artot 1722 Lorin Maazel
Jules Falk 1723 Viktoria Mullova Bought by the American violinist Jules Falk in 1907. A child prodigy, Falk joined the Philadelphia Orchestra under Stokowski aged 17 and was later music director of the Steel Pier in Atlantic City. He played this Stradivarius violin until his death in 1957.
Jupiter; ex-Goding 1722 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Ryu Goto;[89] formerly to Midori Goto, Daishin Kashimoto, and Manrico Padovani.
Laub-Petschnikoff 1722
Elman 1722 Chimei Museum
Cádiz 1722 Joseph Fuchs On loan to Jennifer Frautschi; named after the city of Cádiz, Spain.
Rode 1722 Currently used by Erzhan Kulibaev by courtesy of the Maggini Foundation.[112]
ex-Vallot 1722 Edwin Sherrard
Oberlin College (1989).[113]
2015 restored by John K. Becker of Chicago.
Kiesewetter; ex-Kiesewetter 1723 Christophe Kiesewetter
Clement and Karen Arrison.[114]
On loan to Philippe Quint brokered by the Stradivari Society.[14] Left by Quint in taxi on 21 April 2008 and recovered the following day. Since 2010, on loan to Augustin Hadelich, through the Stradivari Society of Chicago.
Earl Spencer 1723 On loan to Nicola Benedetti.[115]
Sarasate 1724 Owned by Cozio di Salabue, it was sold to Niccolò Paganini in 1817, at his death in 1840 by his son to Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, then to Pablo de Sarasate who bequeathed it in 1909 to the Conservatoire de Musique in memory of his student days. On display at the museum.[117][118]
Ex-Szigeti, Ludwig 1724 Bears the inscription: "Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis faciebat Anno 1724". Since 1989 in the possession of the Landesbank Baden-Württemberg and is awarded to musicians to use.
Abergavenny 1724 Leonidas Kavakos plays it since 2010.
Brancaccio 1725 Destroyed in an allied air raid on Berlin. Owned by Carl Flesch until 1928; sold to Franz von Mendelssohn, banker and amateur violinist.[119]
Chaconne 1725 Oesterreichische Nationalbank[58] On loan to Rainer Küchel.
Leonardo da Vinci 1725 Da Vinci family.[120]
Lubbock 1725
  • Jean-Jacques Grasset (17??–1839)
  • Charles Francois Gand (Paris) (1839–1844)
  • Meugy (1844–1892)
  • W.E. Hill & Sons (1892–1893)
  • Neville Lubbock & Miss Lubbock (1893–1917)
  • Destreicher (1917–1925)
  • W.E. Hill & Sons (1925–1928)
  • Rudolph Wurlitzer Co. (1925–1928)
  • Caroline Powers Thomas (Scarsdale NY) (1928–1960s)[121]
Owned by French artist/musician Jean-Jacques Grasset until his death in 1839, owned and played by amateur musician Meugy and later owned and played by Miss Lubbock establishing its sobriquet as Lubbock.
Wilhelmj 1725 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Baiba Skride; one of several Stradivari violins with the sobriquet "Wilhelmj".
Hubay 1726
Played by Paganini, Hubay, Nai-Yuan Hu, Robert Gerle. Currently played by Edvin Marton.
Greville; Kreisler; Adams 1726 Fritz Kreisler
Baron Deurbroucq 1727
  • Baron Deurbroucq (The Hague) (1870)
  • Robert Crawford (Edinburgh)
  • W.E. Hill & Sons (1902)
  • Hans Wessely (1903–1926)
  • David D. Walton (Boston) (1926)
  • Emil Herrmann (19??–1945)
  • Fredell Lack (1945–2014)
  • Beare's International Violin Society (2015–present)
Barrere 1727 Formerly on loan to Janine Jansen, now on loan to Rosanne Philippens.[123]
Benvenuti 1727 Owned by Maurice Hasson.[124]
Davidoff-Morini 1727 Owned by violinist Erica Morini, purchased for her by her father in Paris in 1924 for $10,000[125] Missing: stolen in 1995.[125][126]
ex-General Dupont 1727 Arthur Grumiaux On loan to Frank Peter Zimmermann.
Holroyd 1727 Owned by Koh Gabriel Kameda.
Kreutzer 1727 Maxim Vengerov One of four Stradivari violins with the sobriquet Kreutzer (1701, 1720, 1731).
ex-Reynier or Le Reynier; Hart; ex-Francescatti 1727 LVMH since 1993 or 1994
Salvatore Accardo
Named after Léon Reynier who won at the Concervatoire de Paris in 1847. On loan to Augustin Dumay. Previously played by Kirill Troussov (1997–2006) and Maxim Vengerov, who now owns and plays the Stradivarius Kreutzer.
Paganini-Conte Cozio di Salabue 1727 Nippon Music Foundation[12] This violin, and the Paganini-Desaint violin of 1680, the Paganini-Mendelssohn viola of 1731 and the Paganini-Ladenburg cello of 1736, comprise the Paganini Quartet. On loan to Pinchas Adt from Goldmund Quartet.
Halphen 1727 Angelika Prokopp Private Foundation On loan to Eckhard Seifert.
Vesuvius 1727 Antonio Brosa
Remo Lauricella
Town of Cremona
On exhibition at Museo del Violino, Cremona, Italy.[7]
1727 Suntory Foundation for Arts On loan to Shion Minami.
A. J. Fletcher; Red Cross Knight 1728 A. J. Fletcher Foundation On loan to Nicholas Kitchen of the Borromeo String Quartet; the instrument was made by Omobono Stradivarius.[127]
1728 Australian Chamber Orchestra Instrument Fund[128] On loan to Satu Vänskä, Assistant Leader of the orchestra.
Artot-Alard 1728 Endre Balogh[129] A copy of this instrument was produced in 1996 by Gregg Alf and Joseph Curtin, using modern materials and methods;[130] Balogh performs on both the 1728 original and the replica.[131]
Dragonetti-Milanollo 1728
On loan to Corey Cerovsek.
Perkins 1728 Los Angeles Philharmonic Named for Frederick Perkins; formerly owned by Luigi Boccherini.[132]
Benny 1729 Jack Benny
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Bequeathed to the Los Angeles Philharmonic by Jack Benny.
Solomon, ex-Lambert 1729 Murray Lambert
Seymour Solomon
Sold at Christie's, New York for US$2,728,000 (€2,040,000).[133]
Innes 1729 On loan to Eugen Sârbu; previously loaned to Henryk Wieniawski.
Libon 1729 Felipe Libon
Josef Suk[134]
Guarneri 1729 Canada Council for the Arts On loan to Timothy Chooi,[47] the younger brother of the 2009–2012 loan recipient Nikki Chooi, in 2012 named recipient of the Council's 1700 Taft Stradivari[48]
Récamier 1729 Ueno Fine Chemicals Industry, Ltd. On loan to Sayaka Shoji.
Baldiani 1730
Sold for $338,500 at Christie's, New York, in October 2008.[135]
Ex-Neveu 1730 Marcel Vatelot Produced by Omobono Stradivari. Purchased by Ginette Neveu in 1935 in order to enter the Wieniawski Competition. Was lost in a 1949 aircraft crash in the Azores along with Neveu.[136]
Royal Spanish 1730 Anne Akiko Meyers.[137] Once owned by the King of Spain.[138]
Lady Jeanne 1731 Donald Kahn Foundation On loan to Benjamin Schmid.
Kreutzer 1731 Huguette M. Clark One of four Stradivari violins with the sobriquet Kreutzer (1701, 1720, 1727). Failed to sell at Christie's in New York on 18 June 2014.[139]
Garcin 1731
Heifetz-Piel 1731 Rudolph Piel
Jascha Heifetz
? 1731 Pierre Gerber
Hansheinz Schneeberger
Hansheinz Schneeberger, owner since 1959.
Baillot 1732 Fondazione Casa di Risparmio Lent to Giuliano Carmignola for the DG recording of Vivaldi: Concertos for Two Violins.[140]
Duke of Alcantara 1732 An obscure Spanish nobleman described as an aide-de-camp of King Don Carlos
UCLA
Genevieve Vedder donated the instrument to UCLA's music department in the 1960s. In 1967, the instrument was on loan to David Margetts. Whether it was left on the roof of his car or stolen is uncertain, but for 27 years the violin was considered missing until it was recovered from an amateur violinist who claimed to have found it on a freeway. A settlement was made and the Stradivarius was returned to UCLA in 1995.[141][142][143]
Red Diamond 1732 Louis Von Spencer IV
Tom Taylor 1732 Previously owned by Joshua Bell.
1732 Currently for sale at Peter Prier & Sons Violins in Salt Lake City, Utah.[144]
Arkwright Lady Rebecca Sylvan 1732 Donated to the foundation by Sylvan in 2015.[145][146]
Des Rosiers 1733 Angèle Dubeau Previously owned by Arthur Leblanc
Huberman; Kreisler 1733 Bronisław Huberman
Fritz Kreisler
Khevenhüller 1733 Yehudi Menuhin
Rode 1733 Currently used by Vadim Repin [147]
Ames 1734 Roman Totenberg Stolen in 1981, found June 2015,[148] returned to Totenberg family on 6 August 2015.[149][150][151] As of October 2018, it has been sold to an unknown author.[152]
Scotland University 1734 Sau-Wing Lam Collection Currently used by Sergei Krylov by courtesy of the Fondazione Antonio Stradivari in Cremona.
Baron Feilitzsch; Heermann 1734
Habeneck 1734 Royal Academy of Music
Herkules; Ysaÿe; ex-Szeryng;
also Kinor David
1734 Stolen from Ysaÿe during a concert in St. Petersburg in 1908; he had left it in the dressing room unattended. It reappeared at a shop in Paris in 1925. In 1972 Szeryng donated the instrument as Kinor David (David's fiddle) to the City of Jerusalem. According to his wish, the violin is to be played by the concertmaster of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra.[153]
Willemotte 1734 Acquired by Leonidas Kavakos in 2017.[154]
Lord Amherst of Hackney 1734 Fritz Kreisler
Lamoureux; ex-Zimbalist 1735 Missing: stolen.[155]
Samazeuilh 1735 Nippon Music Foundation[12][156] On loan to Ray Chen.
Muntz 1736 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Yuki Manuela Janke, concertmaster of the Staatskapelle Dresden.
ex-Roussy 1736 Chisako Takashima.[157]
Yale Stradivari 1736 Yale University, Collection of Musical Instruments.[158]
Spiritus Sorsana 1736 David Montagu
Yusupov 1736 Russian State Collection, Glinka Museum, Moscow.[159] Previously loaned to David Oistrakh (1930s–1941)[86]
Comte d'Amaille 1737
Lord Norton 1737
Il Mio Preferito; L'ultimo 1737
The Swan Song, Le Chant du Cygne 1737 Original label: "Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis / Faciebat Anno 1737 / D'Anno 93". Owned and played by Ivry Gitlis.
McKay 1737 Gordon McKay[160]

Antonio Gerardi (1924–1997)

Violas[edit]

There are twelve known extant Stradivari violas.[161]

Sobriquet Year Provenance Notes
Mahler 1672 Habisreutinger Foundation The first of the Stradivarius violas; currently on loan to French violist Antoine Tamestit.
Tuscan-Medici Tenor 1690 Cosimo III de' Medici
Conservatorio Luigi Cherubini (Florence)
On exhibition
Tuscan-Medici 1690 Cosimo III de' Medici
Cameron Baird
Commissioned by Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany; currently on loan to the United States Library of Congress.
Axelrod 1696 Donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1997 by Herbert R. Axelrod. Now part of the Axelrod quartet.
Archinto 1696 Royal Academy of Music.[162]
Spanish Court 1696 Patrimonio Nacional, Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain.[21] Collectively known as el Cuarteto Real (The Royal Quartet) when included with the violin duo los Decorados (Spanish I and II) and the Spanish Court cello of 1694.
MacDonald 1701 Peter Schidlof Was to be sold at auction through London musical instruments auction house Ingles & Hayday[163] in conjunction with Sotheby's in Spring 2014 via silent auction. Winning bid was to be announced on June 25, 2014, but the instrument failed to attract a buyer matching the minimum bid of $45 million.[164][165]
Kux; Castelbarco 1714 Fridart Foundation Converted from viol to viola by Jean Baptiste Vuillaume.[166]
The Russian 1715 Russian State Collection
Cassavetti 1727 United States Library of Congress Presented by Gertrude Clarke Whittall.[167]
Paganini-Mendelssohn 1731 Nippon Music Foundation[12] This viola, and the Paganini-Desaint violin of 1680, the Paganini-Conte Cozio di Salabue violin of 1727 and the Paganini-Ladenburg cello of 1736, comprise the Paganini Quartet. On loan to Christoph Vandory from Goldmund Quartet. Formerly part of the von Mendelssohn family quartet of Stradivari's in Berlin.
Gibson 1734 Habisreutinger Foundation Currently on loan to violist Ursula Sarnthein of the Swiss string trio Trio Oreade.

Cellos[edit]

Antonio Stradivari built between 70 and 80 cellos in his lifetime, of which 63 are extant.

Sobriquet Year Provenance Notes
ex Vatican Stradivarius 1620*/1703 Emmanuel Gradoux-Matt, New York
Bought by Philip Glass for Wendy Sutter
Academia de Arte de Florencia (Mexico), on loan to Nadège Rochat
Originally made by Nicolo Amati as a viola da gamba c. 1620, reworked into a cello by Amati's student, Antonio Stradivari.[168]
1621 Nicolás Martini On expertise (2020).
ex-Du Pré; ex-Harrell 1673
General Kyd; ex-Leo Stern 1684 Leo Stern
Los Angeles Philharmonic
Robert deMaine
Stolen in 2004 and later recovered.[170][171][172]
Marylebone 1688 Donated to the Smithsonian Institution in 1997 by Herbert R. Axelrod; part of the Axelrod quartet.
Barjansky 1690 Alexandre Barjansky
Julian Lloyd Webber[173]
ex-Gendron; ex-Lord Speyer 1693 Edgar Speyer; Kunststiftung NRW On loan to Maria Kliegel; previously loaned to Maurice Gendron (1958–1990).
Spanish Court or Decorado 1694 Patrimonio Nacional, Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain[21] Collectively known as Quinteto Real or Quinteto Palatino (The Royal Quintet or Palace Quintet) when included with the violin duo, los Decorados (Spanish I and II 1687–1689), Bajo Palatino cello of 1700 and the Spanish Court viola of 1696. Is the original quartet. See Juan Ruiz Casaux.
Bajo Palatino 1700 Patrimonio Nacional, Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain[21][22] collectively known as Quinteto Palatino or Quinteto Palatino (The Royal Quintet or Palace Quintet) when included with the violin duo, los Decorados (Spanish I and II), Spanish Court cello of 1694 and the Spanish Court viola of 1696.
Bonjour 1696 Abel Bonjour
Canada Council for the Arts
On loan to Bryan Cheng.[174]
Lord Aylesford 1696 Nippon Music Foundation[12] On loan to Pablo Ferrández; previously loaned to Danjulo Ishizaka and Janos Starker (1950–1965).
Castelbarco 1699 United States Library of Congress Presented by Gertrude Clarke Whittall.[175]
Cholmondeley Cello 1698 Anonymous collector Purchased in 1988 for a record GB£682,000 (US$1.2 million)[176][177]
Stauffer; ex-Cristiani 1700 Jean Louis Duport
Elise Barbier Cristiani
On display at the Civic Museum of Cremona.[7]
Servais 1701 National Museum of American History On loan to Anner Bylsma.
Paganini-Countess of Stanlein 1707 Bernard Greenhouse[178] Sold in January 2012 for ca. $6 million to Montreal arts patron;[179] (later identified as Jacqueline Desmarais) on loan to Stéphane Tétreault.[180]
Boccherini; Romberg 1709 Formerly played by Pablo Casals.
Markevitch; Delphino 1709 Owned by the Fridart Foundation.
Gore Booth; Baron Rothschild 1710 Rocco Filippini
Gustav Bloch-Bauer
Stolen by the Nazis from Gustav Bloch-Bauer in 1938, and remained with the German authorities until 1956.[181] The cello features in the movie Woman in Gold, being played by Bloch-Bauer, who had been loaned the instrument for life by the Rothschild family.[182]
Duport 1711 Mstislav Rostropovich (1974–2007)
Mara 1711 Heinrich Schiff
Amedeo Baldovino
Lost in July 1963 when Montevideo-Buenos Aires ferry caught fire and sank; later recovered in pieces in its case and rebuilt by W.E. Hill & Sons.[183]
Davidov 1712 Count Matvei Wielhorski (1794–1866)
Karl Davidov
Jacqueline du Pré
On loan to Yo-Yo Ma.
Batta 1714 Currently displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
de Vaux 1717 On loan to Adam Klocek.
Amaryllis Fleming 1717 ex-Blair-Oliphant, ex-Hegar, ex-Kühn, ex-Küchler Formerly owned by Amaryllis Fleming, half sister to writers Ian and Peter Fleming. Neck, head and table are not original, after extensive repairs in the 18th century by the Spanish luthier José Contreras;[185][186] auctioned in 2008.[187]
Becker 1719 Hugo Becker
Piatti 1720 Carlos Prieto Formerly part of the von Mendelssohn family quartet of Stradivari's in Berlin.
Vaslin 1723 LVMH On loan to Henri Demarquette.
Baudiot 1725 Gregor Piatigorsky Bequeathed to Evan Drachman by his grandfather Gregor Piatigorsky.
Chevillard 1725 Museu da Música, Lisbon
Marquis de Corberon; ex-Loeb 1726 Royal Academy of Music Formerly owned by Hugo Becker and Audrey Melville, who bequeathed it to the RAM in 1960. Melville's friend, Zara Nelsova, held it until her death in 2002, as a condition of Melville's bequest. Currently on loan to Steven Isserlis.[188]
Comte de Saveuse 1726 Comte de Saveuse d'Abbeville, Edward Latter, Archibald Hartnell, Michael Edmonds, subsequently lent to Michael Evans.
De Munck; ex-Feuermann 1730
On loan to Camille Thomas
Pawle 1730 Chimei Museum Once loaned to Yo-Yo Ma in 1999 when Petunia's neck was damaged before a concert in Taiwan.[189]
Braga 1731 On loan to Myung-wha Chung..[190]
Stuart 1732 Frederick the Great,[191] Steven Honigberg According to Vladimir Putin, his friend Sergei Roldugin bought the instrument for $12M.[191][192]
Paganini-Ladenburg 1736 Nippon Music Foundation.[12] This cello, and the Paganini-Desaint violin of 1686, the Paganini-Conte Cozio di Salabue violin of 1727 and the Paganini-Mendelssohn viola of 1731, comprise the Paganini Quartet. On loan to Raphael Paratore from Goldmund Quartet .

Guitars[edit]

Five[193] complete guitars by Stradivari exist, and a few fragments of others – including the neck of a sixth guitar, owned by the Conservatoire de Musique in Paris.[194] These guitars have ten (doubled, five-course) strings, which was typical of the era.

Sobriquet Year Provenance Notes
Hill 1688 Ashmolean Museum at Oxford University[194] ex-Kabayao-Dolfus Stradivarius 1724
Sabionari 1697 (Owned by a private collector) Currently the only playable Stradivari guitar. Contemporary to the early painted violins "Sunrise" and "Hellier". Like many other baroque guitars, it had been redesigned to follow the instrumental practice at the beginning of the 19th century. Recently it was restored by Lorenzo Frignani to the original baroque configuration with five-course strings.[193]
Rawlins 1700 National Music Museum, South Dakota.[195] Previously owned by violinist Louis Krasner.
Vuillaume 1711 Cite de la Musique , Paris [196] Owned by Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume; acquired 1880

Harps[edit]

The only surviving Stradivarius harp is the arpetta (little harp), owned by San Pietro a Maiella Music Conservatory in Naples, Italy.[197][198]

Mandolins[edit]

There are two known extant Stradivari mandolins. The Cutler-Challen Choral Mandolino of 1680 is in the collection of the National Music Museum at the University of South Dakota in Vermillion, South Dakota.[199] The other, dated ca. 1706, is owned by private collector Charles Beare of London.[200] Known as Mandolino Coristo, it has eight strings.[23]

Bows[edit]

A Stradivarius bow, The King Charles IV Violin Bow attributed to the Stradivari Workshop, is currently in the collection of the National Music Museum Object number: 04882, at the University of South Dakota in Vermillion, South Dakota. The Rawlins Gallery violin bow, NMM 4882, is attributed to the workshop of Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, ca. 1700. This is one of two bows (the other in a private collection in London) attributed to the workshop of Antonio Stradivari.[201]

References[edit]

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