List of Tanzania National Assembly members 2005-2010

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Most members of the Bunge, Tanzania's National Assembly, are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for 5-year terms. Additional members are nominated by the President, and five seats are chosen by the Zanzibar House of Representatives. Further seats are reserved for female members who are selected by their parties. General elections were held in 2005 and 2010 for the Bunge.

Parties[edit]

These parties have representatives in the National Assembly:

  • CCM - Chama Cha Mapinduzi (the ruling party)
  • CHADEMA - Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo
  • CUF - Civic United Front
  • TLP - Tanzania Labour Party
  • UDP - United Democratic Party

2005-2010 Tanzanian Members of Parliament, sortable[edit]

Name Surname Constituency Party Cabinet Position (if any)
Anna Margareth Abdallah Abdallah Special Seat (Women) CCM
Maida Hamad Abdallah Abdallah Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mohamed Rished Abdallah Abdallah Pangani CCM
Mohammed Abdi Abdulaziz Abdulaziz Lindi Mjini CCM
Bahati Ali Abeid Abeid Special Seat (Women) CCM
Khadija Salum Ally Al-Qassmy Al-Qassmy Special Seat (Women) CUF
Ali Haji Ali Ali Zanzibar House of Representatives CCM
Dr. Ali Tarab Ali Ali Konde CUF
Fatma Othman Ali Ali Special Seat (Women) CCM
Aziza Sleyum Ally Ally Special Seat (Women) CCM
Ame Pandu Ame Ame Nungwi CCM
Ameir Ali Ameir Ameir Fuoni CCM
Kheri Khatib Ameir Ameir Matemwe CCM
Said Amour Arfi Arfi Mpanda Kati CHADEMA
Rostam Abdulrasul Aziz[1] Aziz Igunga CCM
Idd Mohamed Azzan Azzan Kinondoni CCM
Nuru Awadhi Bafadhili Bafadhili Special Seat (Women) CUF
Faida Mohamed Bakar Bakar Special Seat (Women) CCM
Abubakar Khamis Bakary Bakary Zanzibar House of Representatives CUF
Prof. Feethan Filipo Banyikwa Banyikwa Ngara CCM
Elizabeth Nkunda Batenga Batenga Special Seat (Women) CCM
Joel Nkaya Bendera Bendera Korogwe Mashariki CCM Deputy Minister of Information, Culture, and Sports
Gosbert Begumisa Blandes Blandes Karagwe CCM
Felister Aloyce Bura Bura Special Seat (Women) CCM
Dr. Batilda Salha Burian Burian Special Seat (Women) CCM Minister of state, environment
Dr. Cyril August Chami Chami Moshi Vijijini CCM Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry
Hazara Pindi Chana Chana Special Seat (Women) CCM
Ania Said Chaurembo Chaurembo Special Seat (Women) CUF
Dr. Raphael Masunga Chegeni Chegeni Busega CCM
Andrew John Chenge Chenge Bariadi Magharibi CCM
Gideon Asimulike Cheyo Cheyo Ileje CCM
John Momose Cheyo Cheyo Bariadi Mashariki UDP
Hezekiah Ndahani Chibulunje Chibulunje Chilonwa CCM Deputy Minister of Infustructure
Mathias Meinrad Chikawe Chikawe Nachingwea CCM Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs
Capt. John Zefania Chiligati Chiligati Manyoni Mashariki CCM Minister of Lands and Human Settlements
Diana Mkumbo Chilolo Chilolo Special Seat (Women) CCM
Samuel Mchele Chitalilo Chitalilo Buchosa CCM
Christopher Kajoro Chiza Chiza Buyungu CCM
Mohammed Amour Chombon Chombon Magomeni CCM
Dr. Maua Abeid Daftari Daftari Special Seat (Women) CCM Deputy Minister Science technology and communication
Dr. David Mathayo David David Same Magharibi CCM Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Food Security, and Cooperatives
Paschal Constantine Degera Degera Kondoa South CCM
Hasnain Gulamabbas Dewji Dewji Kilwa Kusini CCM
Mohammed Gulam Dewji Dewji Singida Mjini CCM
Anthony Mwandu Diallo Diallo Ilemela CCM
Meryce Mussa Emmanuel Emmanuel Special Seat (Women) CUF
Bakari Shamis Faki Faki Ole CUF
Col. Saleh Ali Farrah Farrah Raha Leo CCM
Fatma Abdulhabib Fereji Fereji Zanzibar House of Representatives CUF
Stephen Jones Galinoma Galinoma Kalenga CCM
Dr. Zainab Amir Gama Gama Kibaha CCM
Josephine Johnson Genzabuke Genzabuke Special Seat (Women) CCM
Hawa Abdulrahman Ghasia Ghasia Mtwara Vijijini CCM Minister of Public Service and Management
Dr. Haji Mwita Haji Haji Muyuni CCM
Ali Juma Haji Haji Chaani CCM
Zuleikha Yunus Haji Haji Special Seat (Women) CCM
Hemed Mohammed Hemed Hemed Chonga CUF
Maria Ibeshi Hewa Hewa Special Seat (Women) CCM
Parmukh Singh Hoogan Hoogan Kikwajuni CCM
Ambassador Seif Ali Iddi Iddi Kitope CCM Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Relations
Yahya Kassim Issa Issa Chwaka CCM
Issa Kassim Issa Issa Mpendae CCM
Athumani S. Janguo Janguo Kisarawe CCM
Asha Mshimba Jecha Jecha Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mwadini Abbas Jecha Jecha Wete CUF
Shoka Khamis Juma Juma Micheweni CUF
Riziki Omar Juma Juma Special Seat (Women) CUF
Rajab Ahmad Juma Juma Tumbatu CCM
Gaudentia Mugosi Kabaka Kabaka Special Seat (Women) CCM Deputy Minister of Education
Siraju Juma Kaboyonga Kaboyonga Tabora Mjini CCM
Phares Kashemeza Kabuye Kabuye Biharamulo Magharibi TLP
Mgeni Jadi Kadika Kadika Special Seat (Women) CUF
Ambassador Hamis Suedi Kagasheki Kagasheki Bukoba Mjini CCM
Janet Bina Kahama Kahama Special Seat (Women) CCM
Charles Muguta Kajege Kajege Mwibara CCM
Dr. Diodorus Buberwa Kamala Kamala Nkenge CCM Minister of East African Cooperation
Prof. Juma Athuman Kapuya Kapuya Urambo Magharibi CCM Minister of Labour, Employment and youth development
Nazir Mustafa Karamagi Karamagi Bukoba Vijijini CCM
Teddy Louise Kasella-Bantu Kasella-Bantu Bukene CCM
Mariam Reuben Kasembe Kasembe Special Seat (Women) CCM
Eustace Osler Katagira Katagira Kyerwa CCM
Dr. Shukuru Jumanne Kawambwa Kawambwa Bagamoyo CCM Minister of Infustructure
Vita Rashid Kawawa Kawawa Namtumbo CCM
Gaudence Cassian Kayombo Kayombo Mbinga Mashariki CCM
John John Mnyika Mnyika Ubungo CHADEMA
Yono Stanley Kevela Kevela Njombe Magharibi CCM
Salim Abdallah Khalfan Khalfan Tumbe CUF
Khalifa Suleiman Khalifa Khalifa Gando CUF
Mwajuma Hassan Khamis Khamis Special Seat (Women) CUF
Salim Hemed Khamis Khamis Chambani CUF
Vuai Abdallah Khamis Khamis Magogni CCM
Abdisalaam Issa Khatib Khatib Makunduchi CCM
Hassan Rajab Khatib Khatib Amani CCM
Muhammed Seif Khatib Khatib Uzini CCM Minister of state, union affairs
Dr. Aisha Omar Kigoda Kigoda Special Seat (Women) CCM Deputy Minister of Health and Social Welfare
Dr. Abdallah Omar Kigoda Kigoda Handeni CCM
Hassan Chande Kigwalilo Kigwalilo Liwale CCM
Felix Ntibenda Kijiko Kijiko Muhambwe CCM
Estherina Julio Kilasi Kilasi Mbarali CCM
Juma Hassan Killimbah Killimbah Iramba Magharibi CCM
Aloyce Bent Kimaro Kimaro Vunjo CCM
Halima Omar Kimbau Kimbau Special Seat (Women) CCM
Fuya Godwin Kimbita Kimbita Hai CCM
Paul Peter Kimiti Kimiti Sumbawanga Mjini CCM
Mkiwa Adam Kimwanga Kimwanga Special Seat (Women) CUF
Rosemary Kasimbi Kirigini Kirigini Special Seat (Women) CCM
Grace Sindato Kiwelu Kiwelu Special Seat (Women) CHADEMA
Capt. John Damiano Komba Komba Mbinga Magharibi CCM
Celina Ompeshi Kombani Kombani Ulanga Mashariki CCM Minister of Regional Administration and Local Government
Anna Maulidah Komu Komu Special Seat (Women) CHADEMA
Suleiman Omar Kumchaya Kumchaya Lulindi CCM
William Jonathan Kusila Kusila Bahi CCM
Omar Shabani Kwaangw' Kwaangw Babati Mashariki CCM
Michael Lekule Laizer Laizer Longido CCM
James Daudi Lembeli Lembeli Kahama CCM
Castor Raphael Ligallama Ligallama Kilombero CCM
Devota Mkuwa Likokola Likokola Special Seat (Women) CCM
Dr. Festus Bulugu Limbu Limbu Magu CCM
Benedict Kiroya Losurutia Losurutia Kiteto CCM
Sameer Ismail Lotto Lotto Morogoro Kusini-Mashariki CCM
Edward Ngoyai Lowassa Lowassa Monduli CCM
George Malima Lubeleje Lubeleje Mpwapwa CCM
Emmanuel Jumanne Luhahula Luhahula Bukombe CCM
William Vangimembe Lukuvi Lukuvi Ismani CCM
Riziki Said Lulida Lulida Special Seat (Women) CCM
Anna Richard Lupembe Lupembe Special Seat (Women) CCM
John Paul Lwanji Lwanji Manyoni Magharibi CCM
Clemence Beatus Lyamba Lyamba Mikumi CCM
Susan Anselm Jerome Lyimo Lyimo Special Seat (Women) CHADEMA
Ernest Gakeya Mabina Mabina Geita CCM
Joyce Nhamanilo Machimu Machimu Special Seat (Women) CCM
Ephraim Nehemia Madeje Madeje Dodoma Mjini CCM
Prof. Jumanne Abdallah Maghembe Maghembe Mwanga CCM Minister of Education
Fatma Mussa Maghimbi Maghimbi Chake Chake CUF
John Pombe Joseph Magufuli Magufuli Biharamulo Mashariki CCM Minister of livestock and fisheries
Dr. Milton Makongoro Mahanga Mahanga Ukonga CCM Deputy Minister of Labour
Dr. Binilith Satano Mahenge Mahenge Makete CCM
Mwanatumu Bakari Mahiza Mahiza Special Seat (Women) CCM Deputy Minister of Education
Ezekiel Magolyo Maige Maige Msalala CCM
Anne Makinda Makinda Njombe Kusini CCM
Jackson Muvangila Makwetta Makwetta Njombe Kaskazini CCM
Benito William Malangalila Malangalila Mufindi Kusini CCM
John Samwel Malecela Malecela Mtera CCM
Anne Kilango Malecela Malecela Same Mashariki CCM
Adam Kighoma Ali Malima Malima Mkuranga CCM
Halima Mohammed Mamuya Mamuya Special Seat (Women) CCM
Ramadhani Athumani Maneno Maneno Chalinze CCM
Stella Martin Manyanya Manyanya Special Seat (Women) CCM
Vedastusi Mathayo Manyinyi Manyinyi Musoma Mjini CCM
Philip Sang'ka Marmo Marmo Mbulu CCM Minister of state, parliamentary affairs
Abdul Jabiri Marombwa Marombwa Kibiti CCM
Lawrence Kego Masha Masha Nyamagana CCM Minister of home Affairs
Wilson Mutagaywa Masilingi Masilingi Muleba South CCM
Masolwa Cosmas Masolwa Masolwa Bububu CCM
Haroub Said Masoud Masoud Koani CCM
Janeth Mourice Massaburi Massaburi Special Seat (Women) CCM
Joyce Martin Masunga Masunga Special Seat (Women) CCM
Zubeir Ali Maulid Maulid Kwamtipura CCM
Lucy Thomas Mayenga Mayenga Special Seat (Women) CCM
Kiumbwa Makame Mbaraka Mbaraka Special Seat (Women) CCM
Salome Joseph Mbatia Mbatia Special Seat (Women) CCM Deceased
Monica Ngezi Mbega Mbega Iringa Mjini CCM
Mwanne Ismaily Mchemba Mchemba Special Seat (Women) CCM
Halima James Mdee Mdee Special Seat (Women) CHADEMA
Zakia Hamdani Meghji Meghji Nominated by the President CCM
Bernard Kamillius Membe Membe Mtama CCM Minister of foreign affairs
Mariam Salum Mfaki Mfaki Special Seat (Women) CCM
Feteh Saad Mgeni Mgeni Bumbwini CCM
Jenista Joakim Mhagama Mhagama Peramiho CCM
Laus Omar Mhina Mhina Korogwe Vijijini CCM
Zabein Muhaji Mhita Mhita Kondoa Kaskazini CCM
Fatma Abdallah Mikidadi Mikidadi Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mohamed Hamisi Missanga Missanga Singida Kusini CCM
Margreth Agness Mkanga Mkanga Special Seat (Women) CCM
Dunstan Daniel Mkapa Mkapa Nanyumbu CCM
Nimrod Elirehema Mkono Mkono Musoma Vijijini CCM
Capt. George Huruma Mkuchika Mkuchika Newala CCM
Mustafa Haidi Mkulo Mkulo Kilosa CCM Minister of Finance
Rita Louise Mlaki Mlaki Kawe CCM
Martha Mosses Mlata Mlata Special Seat (Women) CCM
Dr. Charles Ogessa Mlingwa Mlingwa Shinyanga Mjini CCM
Lediana Mafuru Mng'ong'o Mng'ong'o Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mohamed Habib Juma Mnyaa Mnyaa Mkanyageni CUF
Ali Ameir Mohamed Mohamed Donge CCM
Hamad Rashid Mohamed Mohamed Wawi CUF
Mohamed Aboud Mohamed Mohamed Nominated by the President CCM Deputy Minister of Public Security and Safety
Salim Yussuf Mohamed Mohamed Kojani CUF
Elisa David Mollel Mollel Arumeru Magharibi CCM
Ambassador Gertrude Ibengwe Mongella Mongella Ukerewe CCM
Amina Chifupa Mpakanjia Mpakanjia Special Seat (Women) CCM (Deceased)
Dr. Samson Ferdinand Mpanda Mpanda Kilwa Kaskazini CCM
Benson Mwailugula Mpesya Mpesya Mbeya Mjini CCM
Luhaga Joelson Mpina Mpina Kisesa CCM
Kilontsi Muhama Mporogomyi Mporogomyi Kasulu Magharibi CCM
Basil Pesambili Mramba Mramba Rombo CCM
Felix Christopher Mrema Mrema Arusha CCM
Raynald Alfons Mrope Mrope Masasi CCM
Dr. Ibrahim Said Msabaha Msabaha Kibaha Vijijini CCM
Ruth Blasio Msafiri Msafiri Muleba Kaskazini CCM
Manju Salum Omar Msambya Msambya Kigoma South CCM
Dr. James Alex Msekela Msekela Tabora Kaskazini CCM
Ambassador Abdi Hassan Mshangama Mshangama Lushoto CCM
Mgana Izumbe Msindai Msindai Iramba Mashariki CCM
Prof. Peter Mahamudu Msolla Msolla Kilolo CCM Minister of Communication, Science and Technology
Mwinchoum Abdulrahman Msomi Msomi Kigamboni CCM
Herbert James Mntangi Mntangi Muheza CCM
Abbas Zuberi Mtemvu Mtemvu Temeke CCM
Prof. Idris Ali Mtulia Mtulia Rufiji CCM
Mudhihir Mohamed Mudhihir Mudhihir Mchinga CCM
Joseph James Mungai Mungai Mufindi Kaskazini CCM
James Philipo Musalika Musalika Nyang'hwale CCM
Bernadeta Kasabago Mushashu Mushashu Special Seat (Women) CCM
Dorah Herial Mushi Mushi Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mossy Suleiman Mussa Mussa Mfenesini CCM
Omar Sheha Mussa Mussa Chumbuni CCM
Dr. Harrison George Mwakyembe Mwakyembe Kyela CCM
Prof. David Homeli Mwakyusa Mwakyusa Rungwe Magharibi CCM Minister of Health and Social Welfare
Prof. Raphael Benedict Mwalyosi Mwalyosi Ludewa CCM
Victor Kilasile Mwambalaswa Mwambalaswa Lupa CCM
Ludovick John Mwananzila Mwananzila Kalambo CCM
Mbaruk Kassim Mwandoro Mwandoro Mkinga CCM
Prof. Mark James Mwandosya Mwandosya Rungwe Mashariki CCM Minister water and irrigation
Thomas Abson Mwang'onda Mwang'onda Nominated by the President CCM
Shamsa Selengia Mwangunga Mwangunga Special Seat (Women) CCM Minister of Natural Resources
Aggrey Deaisile Joshua Mwanri Mwanri Siha CCM
Johnson Paulo Mathias Mwanyika Mwanyika Attorney General CCM Attorney General
Harith Bakari Mwapachu Mwapachu Tanga CCM Minister of Public Security and Safety
Hamza Abdallah Mwenegoha Mwenegoha Morogoro Kusini CCM
Savelina Silvanus Mwijage Mwijage Special Seat (Women) CUF
Dr. Hussein Ali Mwinyi Mwinyi Kwahani CCM Minister of Defence
Omar Ali Mzee Mzee Kiwani CUF
Omar Yussuf Mzee Mzee Kiembesamaki CCM Deputy Minister of Finance
Dr. Chrisant Majiyatanga Mzindakaya Mzindakaya Kwela CCM
Juma Suleiman N'hunga N'hunga Dole CCM
Dr. Mary Michael Nagu Nagu Hanang CCM Minister of Industries, Trade, and Marketing
Damas Pascal Nakei Nakei Babati Magharibi CCM
Dr. Emmanuel John Nchimbi Nchimbi Songea Mjini CCM Deputy Minister of Defence
Richard Mganga Ndassa Ndassa Sumve CCM
Philemon Ndesamburo Ndesamburo Moshi Mjini CHADEMA
Job Yustino Ndugai Ndugai Kongwa CCM
Sigifrid Seleman Ng'itu Ng'itu Ruangwa CCM
Dr. Juma Alifa Ngasongwa Ngasongwa Ulanga Magharibi CCM Minister of Planning, Economy and Empowerment
William Mganga Ngeleja Ngeleja Sengerema CCM
Kingunge Ngombale-Mwiru Ngombale-Mwiru Nominated by the President CCM
Cynthia Hilda Ngoye Ngoye Special Seat (Women) CCM
Hadija Saleh Ngozi Ngozi Nominated by the President CCM
Brg. Gen. Hassan Athumani Ngwilizi Ngwilizi Mlalo CCM
Dr. Omari Mzeru Nibuka Nibuka Morogoro Mjini CCM
Juma Abdallah Njwayo Njwayo Tandahimba CCM
Sijapata Fadhili Nkayamba Nkayamba Special Seat (Women) CCM
Said Juma Nkumba Nkumba Sikonge CCM
Dr. Lucy Sawere Nkya Nkya Special Seat (Women) CCM
Daniel Nicodem Nsanzugwanko Nsanzugwanko Kasulu Mashariki CCM
Tatu Musa Ntimizi Ntimizi Igalula CCM
Lazaro Samuel Nyalandu Nyalandu Singida North CCM
Ponsiano Damiano Nyami Nyami Nkasi CCM
Richard Said Nyaulawa Nyaulawa Mbeya Vijijini CCM
Esther Kabadi Nyawazwa Nyawazwa Special Seat (Women) CCM
Christopher Olonyokie Ole-Sendeka Ole-Sendeka Simanjiro CCM
Juma Said Omar Omar Mtambwe CUF
Lucy Fidelis Owenya Owenya Special Seat (Women) CHADEMA
Ussi Ame Pandu Pandu Mtoni CCM
Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda Pinda Mpanda Mashariki CCM Prime Minister
Mwaka Abdulrahaman Ramadhan Ramadhan Special Seat (Women) CCM
Shally Josepha Raymond Raymond Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mhonga Said Ruhwanya Ruhwanya Special Seat (Women) CHADEMA
Kabuzi Faustine Rwilomba Rwilomba Busanda CCM
Suleiman Ahmed Saddiq Saddiq Mvomero CCM
Mwanakhamis Kassim Said Said Special Seat (Women) CCM
Mohamed Ali Said Said Mgogoni CUF
Magdalena Hamis Sakaya Sakaya No Constituency CUF
Bujiku Philip Sakila Sakila Kwimba CCM
Kidawa Hamid Salehe Salehe Special Seat (Women) CCM
Masoud Abdallah Salim Salim Mtambile CUF
Ali Said Salim Salim Ziwani CUF
Salum Khamis Salum Salum Meatu CCM
Ahmed Ally Salum Salum Solwa CCM
Ibrahim Mohamed Sanya Sanya Mji Mkongwe CUF
Prof. Philemon Mikol Sarungi Sarungi Rorya CCM
Ali Khamis Seif Seif Mkoani CUF
Lucas Lumambo Selelii Selelii Nzega CCM
Haji Juma Sereweji Sereweji Mwanakwerekwe CCM
Peter Joseph Serukamba Serukamba Kigoma Mjini CCM
Ahmed Mabkhut Shabiby Shabiby Gairo CCM
Abdulkarim Esmail Hassan Shah Shah Mafia Island CCM
Beatrice Matumbo Shellukindo Shellukindo Kilindi CCM
William Hezekia Shellukindo Shellukindo Bumbuli CCM
Jacob Dalali Shibiliti Shibiliti Misungwi CCM
John Magale Shibuda Shibuda Maswa CCM
Dr. Guido Gorogolio Sigonda Sigonda Songwe CCM
Sophia Mattayo Simba Simba Nominated by the President CCM Minister of State, good governance
George Boniface Simbachawene Simbachawene Kibakwe CCM
Mohamed Said Sinani Sinani Mtwara Mjini CCM
Margaret Simwanza Sitta Sitta Special Seat (Women) CCM Minister of gender, women and children affairs
Samuel John Sitta Sitta Urambo Mashariki CCM
Dr. Luka Jelas Siyame Siyame Mbozi Magharibi CCM
Dr. Wilbrod Peter Slaa Slaa Karatu CHADEMA
Mohammed Rajab Soud Soud Jang'ombe CCM
Ali Haroon Suleiman Suleiman Zanzibar House of Representatives CCM
Jeremiah Solomon Sumari Sumari Arumeru Mashariki CCM Deputy Minister of Finance
Abdallah Salum Sumry Sumry Mpanda Magharibi CCM
Eliatta Nandumpe Switi Switi Special Seat (Women) CCM
Hafidh Ali Tahir Tahir Dimani CCM
Fatma Abdalla Tamim Tamim Zanzibar House of Representatives CCM
Kaika Saning'o Telele Telele Ngorongoro CCM
Fred Mpendazoe Tungu Tungu Kishapu CCM
Martha Jachi Umbulla Umbulla Special Seat (Women) CCM
Zaynab Matitu Vulu Vulu Special Seat (Women) CCM
Anastazia James Wambura Wambura Special Seat (Women) CCM
Chacha Zakayo Wangwe Wangwe Tarime CHADEMA
Dr. James Mnanka Wanyancha Wanyancha Serengeti CCM
Stephen Masato Wasira Wasira Bunda CCM Minister of Agriculture
Godfrey Weston Zambi Zambi Mbozi Mashariki CCM
Mwanawetu Said Zarafi Zarafi Special Seat (Women) CUF
Kabwe Zuberi Zitto Zitto Kigoma Kaskazini CHADEMA
Mzee Ngwali Zubeir Zubeir Mkwajuni CCM
Mussa Azan Zungu Zungu Ilala CCM

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Member of Parliament from 1994 to 2011, but deleted from official Parliamentary database. "Rostam Quits". The Wayward Press. 14 July 2011. Kironde (28 November 2009). "If Hon Rostam Aziz is owed by the govt more than 2.6bn/- , what is the hullabaloo about it?". The Daily News. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Archived from the original on 27 October 2010. 

Sources[edit]